CN105493830A - Dragon fruit propagation and breeding technology - Google Patents

Dragon fruit propagation and breeding technology Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105493830A
CN105493830A CN201510904508.9A CN201510904508A CN105493830A CN 105493830 A CN105493830 A CN 105493830A CN 201510904508 A CN201510904508 A CN 201510904508A CN 105493830 A CN105493830 A CN 105493830A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
dragon fruit
fruit
seed
plastic foil
breeding
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201510904508.9A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
黄日华
钱雨梅
苏民荣
黄举鹏
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Fangchenggang Xinghu Ecological Agricultural Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Fangchenggang Xinghu Ecological Agricultural Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Fangchenggang Xinghu Ecological Agricultural Co Ltd filed Critical Fangchenggang Xinghu Ecological Agricultural Co Ltd
Priority to CN201510904508.9A priority Critical patent/CN105493830A/en
Publication of CN105493830A publication Critical patent/CN105493830A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01BSOIL WORKING IN AGRICULTURE OR FORESTRY; PARTS, DETAILS, OR ACCESSORIES OF AGRICULTURAL MACHINES OR IMPLEMENTS, IN GENERAL
    • A01B79/00Methods for working soil
    • A01B79/02Methods for working soil combined with other agricultural processing, e.g. fertilising, planting
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for

Abstract

The invention discloses a dragon fruit propagation and breeding technology. Dragon fruit seedlings are acquired through dragon fruit propagation and breeding. The technology has the benefits as follows: the dragon fruit seedlings can be produced on a large scale, have ornamental value, not only can be applied to a plantation, but also can be applied to the succulent pot culture planting industry and can effectively prevent disease infection in the dragon fruit seedling production process.

Description

A kind of dragon fruit fruit breeding and seedling technology
Technical field
The present invention relates to crops seedling growing process field, be specifically related to a kind of dragon fruit fruit seedling propagation technique.
Background technology
Dragon fruit, has another name called Hylocereus undatus, is Cactaeous plants, Central America, dragon fruit original producton location, in China's Mainland the main place of production in Guangxi, Guangdong, Hainan and Fujian.Being of high nutritive value of dragon fruit, being subject to consumers in general's favor, is the fruit of emerging plantation in recent years.Existing dragon fruit plantation is generally cuttage, the easy introduced disease of dragon fruit bough in cuttage process, and survival rate is difficult to ensure, and cuttage dragon fruit has directly skipped the dragon fruit seedling stage of growth.Dragon fruit seedling is sparkling and crystal-clear and emerald green tender, is one of potted plant main plant of fleshiness, has sight and economic worth, so invent a kind of dragon fruit fruit seedling propagation technique, not only for dragon fruit plantation, and view and admire potted plant industry for dragon fruit, real is necessary.
Summary of the invention
The present invention aims to provide a kind of dragon fruit fruit seedling propagation technique, its beneficial effect is: can produce dragon fruit seedling in enormous quantities, there is sight can not only be applied to plantation and can also be applied to fleshiness potted plant growth industry, effectively prevent the disease infection in dragon fruit fruit seedling production process.
Technical scheme of the present invention:
A kind of dragon fruit fruit breeding and seedling technology, comprises the following steps:
(1) select a block size to be the soil of 3 square metres, turn over 15cm, participates in the broken sandstone of 18kg and 8kg base manure, and stir evenly with the earth turned over, top layer earthing, spills a small amount of water every day and keep soil moistening;
(2) dragon fruit of 5 mature and plump is chosen, dragon fruit pulp spoon is dug out and is placed in a container be filled with water, with hand dragon fruit pulp rubbed and be broken to pulp and be separated with seed, at room temperature soak 10 hours, then add 0.05kg sodium bicarbonate, add 0.1kg pectase again, stir, leave standstill 3 minutes, filter, obtain dragon fruit seed, dry for subsequent use;
(3) dragon fruit seed is evenly spread on the moistening soil processed through step (1), and water, then cover with one deck plastic foil, every other day, raise plastic foil and water once;
(4) after 4-6 days, seed starts to stand out, and now daytime plastic foil is opened, cover plastic foil in the evening;
(5) after 7-9 days, seed all germinates, and raises plastic foil, waters in time, every 1 week, waters a tea bran liquid;
(6) after 15-20 days, dragon fruit grows up to seedling, can for transplanting.
Preferably, step (1) described top layer earthing is thick is 0.03m.
Preferably, step (1) described base manure is sheep excrement, chicken manure, crushing straw 2:3:5 composition in mass ratio.
Preferably, step (2) adds 0.05kg sodium bicarbonate at the mixed liquor of described seed and pulp, adding 0.1kg pectase, stirs, and leaves standstill 3 minutes.Pectase can the pectin of facilitation of hydrolysis dragon fruit outer covering of the seed, and be conducive to the sprouting of seed, leave standstill too of a specified duration, its hydrolysis affects the structure of seed to seed itself, so 3 minutes optimums, wherein the effect of sodium bicarbonate is reduction pH value, facilitation of hydrolysis.
Preferably, filtered through gauze is taked in step (2) described filtration.
Preferably, step (3) described plastic foil is light and thin type film, only has the half of general thin, therefore weight saving half, and corresponding use cost also reduces half.Its light transmittance and heat insulating ability are 2 times of ordinary agricultural membrane;
Preferably, step (5) described tea bran liquid be tea bran and water in mass ratio 1:4 soak filter obtained, tea bran is a kind of organic fertilizer raw material efficiently, to people and dragon fruit nonhazardous, easy decomposition, it is not only containing abundant nutriment, also containing Tea Saponin, there is extraordinary insecticidal effect, the insect pest of dragon fruit seedling can be prevented and treated.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with specific embodiment, the elaboration detailed further to the present invention, but embodiments of the present invention are not limited to the scope that embodiment represents, these embodiments are only for illustration of the present invention, and not for limiting the scope of the invention, in addition, after reading content of the present invention, those skilled in the art can do various amendment to the present invention, and these equivalent variations fall into appended claims limited range of the present invention equally.
Embodiment:
A kind of dragon fruit fruit breeding and seedling technology, comprises the following steps:
(1) select a block size to be the soil of 3 square metres, turn over 15cm, participates in the broken sandstone of 18kg and 8kg base manure, and stir evenly with the earth turned over, top layer earthing, spills a small amount of water every day and keep soil moistening;
(2) dragon fruit of 5 mature and plump is chosen, dragon fruit pulp spoon is dug out and is placed in a container be filled with water, with hand dragon fruit pulp rubbed and be broken to pulp and be separated with seed, at room temperature soak 10 hours, then add 0.05kg sodium bicarbonate, add 0.1kg pectase again, stir, leave standstill 3 minutes, filter, obtain dragon fruit seed, dry for subsequent use;
(3) dragon fruit seed is evenly spread on the moistening soil processed through step (1), and water, then cover with one deck plastic foil, every other day, raise plastic foil and water once;
After (4) 5 days, seed starts to stand out, and now daytime plastic foil is opened, cover plastic foil in the evening;
After (5) 8 days, seed all germinates, and raises plastic foil, waters, and every 1 week, waters a tea bran liquid;
After (6) 19 days, dragon fruit grows up to seedling, can for transplanting.

Claims (6)

1. a dragon fruit fruit breeding and seedling technology, is characterized in that, comprise the following steps:
(1) select a block size to be the soil of 3 square metres, turn over 0.15m, participates in the broken sandstone of 18kg and 8kg base manure, and stir evenly with the earth turned over, top layer earthing, spills a small amount of water every day and keep soil moistening;
(2) dragon fruit of 5 mature and plump is chosen, dragon fruit pulp spoon is dug out and is placed in a container be filled with water, with hand dragon fruit pulp rubbed and be broken to pulp and be separated with seed, at room temperature soak 10 hours, in the mixed liquor of seed and pulp, add 0.05kg sodium bicarbonate, add 0.1kg pectase again, stir, leave standstill 3-5 minute, filter, obtain dragon fruit seed, dry for subsequent use;
(3) dragon fruit seed is evenly spread on the moistening soil processed through step (1), and water, then cover with one deck plastic foil, every other day, raise plastic foil and water once;
(4) after 4-6 days, seed starts to stand out, and now daytime plastic foil is opened, cover plastic foil in the evening;
(5) after 7-9 days, seed all germinates, and raises plastic foil, waters in time, every 1 week, waters a tea bran liquid;
(6) after 15-20 days, dragon fruit grows up to seedling, can for transplanting.
2. a kind of dragon fruit fruit breeding and seedling technology according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, step (1) described top layer earthing is thick is 0.03m.
3. a kind of dragon fruit fruit breeding and seedling technology according to claim 1 or 2, is characterized in that, step (1) described base manure is sheep excrement, chicken manure, crushing straw 2:3:5 composition in mass ratio.
4. a kind of dragon fruit fruit breeding and seedling technology according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, filtered through gauze is taked in step (2) described filtration.
5. a kind of dragon fruit fruit breeding and seedling technology according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, step (3) described plastic foil is light and thin type film.
6. a kind of dragon fruit fruit breeding and seedling technology according to claim 1, is characterized in that, step (5) described tea bran liquid be tea bran and water in mass ratio 1:4 soak filter obtained.
CN201510904508.9A 2015-12-09 2015-12-09 Dragon fruit propagation and breeding technology Pending CN105493830A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510904508.9A CN105493830A (en) 2015-12-09 2015-12-09 Dragon fruit propagation and breeding technology

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510904508.9A CN105493830A (en) 2015-12-09 2015-12-09 Dragon fruit propagation and breeding technology

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN105493830A true CN105493830A (en) 2016-04-20

Family

ID=55702451

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201510904508.9A Pending CN105493830A (en) 2015-12-09 2015-12-09 Dragon fruit propagation and breeding technology

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN105493830A (en)

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105659974A (en) * 2016-04-22 2016-06-15 酒泉市华美种子有限责任公司 Tomato seed extraction method
CN106134733A (en) * 2016-06-30 2016-11-23 广西南宁十分园生态农业科技有限公司 A kind of high yield water-saving planting method being applicable to Hylocereus undatus
CN107580993A (en) * 2017-09-28 2018-01-16 广西冠强农业开发有限责任公司 A kind of method for culturing seedlings of dragon fruit
CN108650928A (en) * 2018-03-23 2018-10-16 贵州理工学院 A method of separation obtains dragon fruit seed
CN111528072A (en) * 2020-06-08 2020-08-14 武汉市农业科学院 Kiwi fruit sowing and seedling raising method

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105659974A (en) * 2016-04-22 2016-06-15 酒泉市华美种子有限责任公司 Tomato seed extraction method
CN106134733A (en) * 2016-06-30 2016-11-23 广西南宁十分园生态农业科技有限公司 A kind of high yield water-saving planting method being applicable to Hylocereus undatus
CN107580993A (en) * 2017-09-28 2018-01-16 广西冠强农业开发有限责任公司 A kind of method for culturing seedlings of dragon fruit
CN108650928A (en) * 2018-03-23 2018-10-16 贵州理工学院 A method of separation obtains dragon fruit seed
CN111528072A (en) * 2020-06-08 2020-08-14 武汉市农业科学院 Kiwi fruit sowing and seedling raising method

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Application publication date: 20160420