CN105493726A - Fertilization method for enlarging fruits and improving quality of potted ilex verticillata - Google Patents

Fertilization method for enlarging fruits and improving quality of potted ilex verticillata Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105493726A
CN105493726A CN201610038623.7A CN201610038623A CN105493726A CN 105493726 A CN105493726 A CN 105493726A CN 201610038623 A CN201610038623 A CN 201610038623A CN 105493726 A CN105493726 A CN 105493726A
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China
Prior art keywords
days
fruit
year
fertilizer
ilex verticillata
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CN201610038623.7A
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CN105493726B (en
Inventor
余有祥
刘军
郑炳松
查琳
沈柏春
何卿
余富强
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Hangzhou Ilex Verticillata Development Center
Hangzhou Runtu Gardening Technology Co Ltd
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Hangzhou Ilex Verticillata Development Center
Hangzhou Runtu Gardening Technology Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201610038623.7A priority Critical patent/CN105493726B/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C21/00Methods of fertilising, sowing or planting
    • A01C21/005Following a specific plan, e.g. pattern
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G7/00Botany in general
    • A01G7/06Treatment of growing trees or plants, e.g. for preventing decay of wood, for tingeing flowers or wood, for prolonging the life of plants

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  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • Soil Sciences (AREA)
  • Environmental Sciences (AREA)
  • Biodiversity & Conservation Biology (AREA)
  • Ecology (AREA)
  • Forests & Forestry (AREA)
  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Wood Science & Technology (AREA)
  • Botany (AREA)
  • Agricultural Chemicals And Associated Chemicals (AREA)
  • Fertilizers (AREA)
  • Cultivation Of Plants (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses a fertilization method for enlarging fruits and improving quality of potted ilex verticillata. The fertilization method comprises the following steps: (1) potting seedlings of ilex verticillata, namely before the spring of the first year, cutting a base trunk with 20cm left, when each branch is 5cm long, spraying a 500-time diluent of paclobutrazol at every 7 days for three times till each branch is 20-30cm long, and applying compound fertilizer of 5g to each seedling at the end of August; (2) before the spring of the second year, trimming again with the one-year branches of 5cm left, and in early spring, spraying a 500-time diluent of paclobutrazol at every 7 days for three times; (3) fertilizing till the potted seedlings flower in the third year; (4) when the potted seedlings flower in the third year, allocating staminiferous plants to pistillate plants, wherein the staminiferous plants account for 20% of the pistillate plants; (5) after pollination and fruit setting of the pistillate plants, applying all-element water-soluble fertilizer twice; (6) after 15 days of twice fertilization in the step (5), measuring the diameter of a fruit, and when the fruit diameter is more than or equal to 7mm, not fertilizing again, otherwise, applying the all-element water-soluble fertilizer in the step (5); (7) in the middle ten days of July to August in the third year, not fertilizing; and (8) from the end of August to the first ten days of September in the third year, applying the all-element water-soluble fertilizer in the step (5) every 10 days for twice to three times.

Description

The fertilizing method of the potted plant increase fruit of a kind of ilex verticillata and raising quality
Technical field
The invention belongs to technical field of plant fertilization, be specifically related to the fertilizing method that a kind of ilex verticillata is potted plant.
Background technology
Ilex verticillata (Ilexverticillata) is perennial machaka, after falling leaves winter, intensive, beautiful red fruit overworks end of the branch, until spring, very dazzling and celebrating, it can be used as in countries such as America and Europes and cut branch and see fruit, beautification of landscape and the extensively cultivation such as potted plant of year night, because its fruit look is vivid Chinese red and lasting sight fruit phase, deeply favor by compatriots.Domesticly every year cut branch from a large amount of import ilex verticillata (the market name red bean) finished product of the countries such as Holland, throw in flowers market, but selling price is expensive.
Introducing a fine variety ilex verticillata and done in potted plant cultivation, how rational is a technical barrier to fertilizer, fertilizer how, plant excessive growth; Fertile few, fruit is little, it is weak to grow.
Summary of the invention
For solving the problems referred to above that prior art exists, the invention discloses the fertilizing method of the potted plant increase fruit of a kind of ilex verticillata and raising quality, this fertilizing method can improve fruit footpath and the quality of its fruit, makes potted plant fruit not only large but also close.
For achieving the above object, the present invention takes following technical scheme:
The potted plant increase fruit of ilex verticillata and improve the fertilizing method of quality, its as follows:
(1) basin on ilex verticillata seedling: before First Year beginning of spring, stay base portion mobile jib 20cm to cut bar, can take out 3-4 branch after the beginning of spring, during branch 5cm, spray paclobutrazol 500 times of dilutions 3 times, every minor tick 7 days, control branch length in 20-30cm, late August executes N:P 2o 5: K 2o ratio is the every strain of granular compound fertilizer 5 grams of 12:11:18;
(2) Second Year was pruned before the beginning of spring again, stayed annual branch 5cm, and after rudiment in beginning of spring 5cm, spray paclobutrazol 500 times of dilutions 3 times, every minor tick 7 days, Second Year need not apply fertilizer;
(3) the 3rd years potted plant bloom before do not apply fertilizer, make cultivation matrix be in low fertile state, fertilizer is few, and new to send out branch growth slow, and fruit is close;
Within (4) the 3rd years, when blooming, in the middle of female plant, configure the staminiferous plant of 20%, ensure that pollination fully;
(5), after female plant pollination setting, water and execute full element water-soluble fertile twice;
(6) second time fertilizer is after 15 days, measures fruit fruit footpath, when reaching more than 7mm, does not refertilize; As when below 7mm, then execute the water-soluble fertilizer of full element same in a step (5);
In July, (7) the 3rd-mid-August, need not apply fertilizer;
In by the end of August, (8) the 3rd to early September, cooler temperature, after day, lowest temperature was down to 26 DEG C, then waters and executes full element same in step (5) water-soluble fertile 2 times-3 times, every minor tick 10 days.
Preferably, after step (8), within the 3rd year, do not sell or continue cultivation, fertilising is with reference to step (5).
Preferably, ilex verticillata seedling is annual seedling.
Preferably, in step (5), watering the water-soluble fertilizer of full element executed is N:P 2o 5: K 2the water-soluble fertilizer of the full element of O, its extension rate is 800 times-1000 times, N:P 2o 5: K 2o ratio is 14:14:30, and fertilizing amount is the every 2 gallons of basins of 500ml, is separated by 10 days between twice.
Preferably, the potted plant cultivation cycle of ilex verticillata is generally 3 years.
The fertilizing method of the potted plant fruit yield of ilex verticillata provided by the invention and quality, can improve fruit footpath and the quality of its fruit, make potted plant fruit not only large but also close.
Embodiment
For understanding the present invention better, below by embodiment, elaboration concrete is further done to the present invention.
The fertilizing method of the potted plant increase fruit of the present embodiment ilex verticillata and raising quality, concrete steps are as follows:
(1) basin on the annual seedling of ilex verticillata: before First Year beginning of spring, stay base portion mobile jib 20cm to cut bar, 3-4 branch can be taken out after the beginning of spring, during branch 5cm, spray paclobutrazol 500 times of dilutions (mass ratio) 3 times, every minor tick 7 days, make branch length control in 20cm-30cm, late August executes N:P 2o 5: K 2o ratio is granular compound fertilizer 5 grams of every strains of 12:11:18;
(2) Second Year was pruned before the beginning of spring again, stayed annual branch 5cm, and after rudiment in beginning of spring 5cm, spray paclobutrazol 500 times of dilutions 3 times, every minor tick 7 days, Second Year need not apply fertilizer;
(3) the 3rd years potted plant bloom before do not apply fertilizer, make cultivation matrix be in low fertile state, fertilizer is few, and new to send out branch growth slow, and fruit is close;
(4) the 3rd years when blooming, configure in the middle of female plant 20% staminiferous plant, ensure that pollination is fully;
(5), after female plant pollination setting, the N:P executing 2 times 800 times-1000 times (weight ratios) is watered 2o 5: K 2o ratio is the water-soluble fertilizer of full element of 14:14:30, and 2 gallons of every basins of basin are about 500ML, are separated by 10 days between twice;
(6) second time fertilizer is after 15 days, measures fruit fruit footpath, when reaching more than 7mm, does not refertilize, as when below 7mm, then execute the water-soluble fertilizer of full element same in a step (5);
In July, (7) the 3rd-mid-August, need not apply fertilizer;
In by the end of August, (8) the 3rd to early September, cooler temperature, after day, lowest temperature was down to 26 DEG C, then waters and executes full element liquid fertilizer same in step (5) 2-3 time, every minor tick 10 days.
Within (9) the 3rd years, do not sell or continue cultivation, fertilising is with reference to step (5).
The growth of ilex verticillata fruit has 2 obvious expanding stages, one month namely after setting, one month before annesl.So catch these two Peng the large phase to supplement fertilizer, fruit Peng is obvious greatly.
Applied fertilizer by this method, potted plant fruit can be made to bring up to more than 13mm by the 10mm of routine, greatly improve product quality, improve the sight of product.
Table 1 Fruit fertilizer test table
Code After setting Colour-change period Average fruit footpath (mm) before annesl Average fruit footpath (mm) after annesl
F0 Do not execute Do not execute 6.5 7.8
F1 14-14-30 Do not execute 7.2 10.6
F2 KH 2PO 3 Do not execute 7.8 10.1
F3 14-14-30 14-14-30 8 13.6
F4 KH 2PO 3 KH2PO3 7.8 11.8
F5 Do not execute KH2PO3 6.5 8.8
F6 Do not execute 14-14-30 6.5 9.8
The present invention is not limited to above-described embodiment, adopts the method identical or approximate with the above embodiment of the present invention to apply fertilizer, all within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (6)

1. a fertilizing method for the potted plant increase fruit of ilex verticillata and raising quality, is characterized in that as follows:
(1) basin on ilex verticillata seedling: before First Year beginning of spring, stay base portion mobile jib 20cm to cut bar, a branch of isolating after the beginning of spring, as branch 5cm, spray paclobutrazol 500 times of dilutions 3 times, every minor tick 7 days, branch length is made to control at 20cm-30cm, sealing fertilizer 5 grams of every strains by the end of August;
(2) Second Year was pruned before the beginning of spring again, stayed annual branch 5cm, after the beginning of spring, sprayed paclobutrazol 500 times of dilutions 3 times, every minor tick 7 days;
(3) the 3rd years potted plant bloom before do not apply fertilizer, make cultivation matrix be in low fertile state;
Within (4) the 3rd years, when blooming, in the middle of female plant, configure the staminiferous plant of 20% quantity;
(5), after female plant pollination setting, water and execute full element water-soluble fertile twice;
(6) fertilising of step (5) second time is after 15 days, measures fruit fruit footpath, when fruit reaches more than 7mm, does not refertilize; If when below 7mm, then execute the water-soluble fertilizer of full element same in step (5);
In July, (7) the 3rd-mid-August, need not apply fertilizer;
In by the end of August, (8) the 3rd to early September, then water and execute full element same in step (5) water-soluble fertile 2-3 time, every minor tick 10 days.
2. the potted plant increase fruit of ilex verticillata as claimed in claim 1 and improve the fertilizing method of quality, is characterized in that: after step (8), and later fertilising in the 4th year is carried out with reference to step (5).
3. the fertilizing method of the potted plant increase fruit of ilex verticillata as claimed in claim 1 and raising quality, is characterized in that: step (1), composite fertilizer is N:P 2o 5: K 2o ratio is the granular compound fertilizer of 12:11:18.
4. the fertilizing method of the potted plant increase fruit of the ilex verticillata as described in claim 1 or 3 and raising quality, is characterized in that: ilex verticillata seedling is annual seedling.
5. the fertilizing method of the potted plant increase fruit of ilex verticillata as claimed in claim 1 and raising quality, it is characterized in that: in step (5), watering the full element liquid fertilizer executed is N:P 2o 5: K 2the water-soluble fertilizer of the full element of O, its extension rate is 800 times-1000 times, N:P 2o 5: K 2the ratio of O is 14:14:30, and fertilizing amount is the every 2 gallons of basins of 500ml, is separated by 10 days between twice.
6. the fertilizing method of the potted plant increase fruit of ilex verticillata as described in claim 1 or 2 or 3 or 5 and raising quality, is characterized in that: the potted plant cultivation cycle of ilex verticillata is 3 years.
CN201610038623.7A 2016-01-21 2016-01-21 A kind of ilex verticillata potting increase fruit and the fertilizing method for improving quality Expired - Fee Related CN105493726B (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109328814A (en) * 2018-09-28 2019-02-15 中南林业科技大学 A kind of ilex verticillata method for potted
CN113875539A (en) * 2021-10-20 2022-01-04 江苏省林业科学研究院 Method for manufacturing North America holly bonsai
CN116250445A (en) * 2023-03-02 2023-06-13 江苏省林业科学研究院 Method for dwarfing and strengthening north american holly potted seedlings

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101889519A (en) * 2010-07-20 2010-11-24 安徽沪谯中药科技有限公司 Growing method of peony
CN101911894A (en) * 2010-01-01 2010-12-15 李洪荣 Hole sowing close planting intermediate cuttings fast growing and high yield planting method of mangnolia officinalis
CN103371086A (en) * 2012-04-20 2013-10-30 柳州市盛鑫隆花卉种植专业合作社 Planting method for realizing high grape yield

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CN101911894A (en) * 2010-01-01 2010-12-15 李洪荣 Hole sowing close planting intermediate cuttings fast growing and high yield planting method of mangnolia officinalis
CN101889519A (en) * 2010-07-20 2010-11-24 安徽沪谯中药科技有限公司 Growing method of peony
CN103371086A (en) * 2012-04-20 2013-10-30 柳州市盛鑫隆花卉种植专业合作社 Planting method for realizing high grape yield

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109328814A (en) * 2018-09-28 2019-02-15 中南林业科技大学 A kind of ilex verticillata method for potted
CN113875539A (en) * 2021-10-20 2022-01-04 江苏省林业科学研究院 Method for manufacturing North America holly bonsai
CN116250445A (en) * 2023-03-02 2023-06-13 江苏省林业科学研究院 Method for dwarfing and strengthening north american holly potted seedlings

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