CN105178616A - Automatic wall-building machine - Google Patents

Automatic wall-building machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105178616A
CN105178616A CN201510306725.8A CN201510306725A CN105178616A CN 105178616 A CN105178616 A CN 105178616A CN 201510306725 A CN201510306725 A CN 201510306725A CN 105178616 A CN105178616 A CN 105178616A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
plate
brick
motor
automatic
gear
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CN201510306725.8A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105178616B (en
Inventor
黄金永
林佳辉
黄磊
黄明钧
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浙江机电职业技术学院
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Priority to CN201510306725.8A priority Critical patent/CN105178616B/en
Publication of CN105178616A publication Critical patent/CN105178616A/en
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Publication of CN105178616B publication Critical patent/CN105178616B/en

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Abstract

The invention discloses an automatic wall-building machine, characterized by comprising a longitudinal movement mechanism (A), a transverse movement mechanism (B), a vertical lifting mechanism (C), a brick conveying mechanism (D), a mortar spraying mechanism (E), and a brick discharging mechanism (F). The longitudinal movement mechanism (A) comprises two guide rails (4) which are parallel. A first bottom plate (3) is slidably fitted on the two guide rails (4). The transverse movement mechanism (B) comprises a second bottom plate (13) which is mounted on the first bottom plate (3) through a moving slide rail (9). A horizontal movement direction of the moving slide rail (9) is parallel to that of the first bottom plate (3). The vertical lifting mechanism (C) is arranged on the second bottom plate (13). The brick conveying mechanism (D), the mortar spraying mechanism (E) and the brick discharging mechanism (F) are arranged on the vertical lifting mechanism (C). The brick conveying mechanism (D) is used for conveying bricks. A conveying exit of the brick conveying mechanism (D) is located opposing a discharge exit of the brick discharging mechanism (F). A mortar spout of the mortar spraying mechanism (E) exactly faces the discharge exit of the brick discharging mechanism (F).

Description

Automatic wall building machine

Technical field

The invention belongs to building implements manufacturing technology field, be especially a kind ofly applicable to the equipment that interior wall and exterior wall are built after wall pier is built.

Background technology

Masonry structure is a kind of form of structure of China's spread always, and be applicable to various building, Building Trade in China was highly developed especially in recent years.But the body of wall of masonry structure is mostly piled up by manual operation and formed, artificial bracing wire is needed to measure parallelism, the high-risk loaded down with trivial details operations such as climbing scaffold, not only inefficiency, and operator's labour intensity, potential safety hazard are large, cannot meet the requirement of high-efficient automatic operation needed for current China.For raising the efficiency and reducing labour intensity, need a kind of collection badly and automatically get brick, sandblasting slurry, pendulum brick the wall building equipment of compacting.

Summary of the invention

For solving the problem of above-mentioned prior art, the invention provides a kind of automatic wall building machine, it can complete the action that one piece of brick, half brick and mortar are synchronously laid automatically, it is rational in infrastructure, be applicable to the building site of various environment, under the prerequisite ensureing wall surface levelling, the metope of builder's design can be built quickly and efficiently, not only make the work of construction worker safer, light, efficient, also release the productivity demand be becoming tight day.

The present invention takes following technical scheme: a kind of automatic wall building machine, comprise longitudinal motion mechanism (A), transverse motion mechanism (B), vertical lifting mechanism (C), brick conveyor structure (D), the pulp grinder structure (E) that sandblasts, Luo Zhuan mechanism (F), longitudinal motion mechanism (A) comprises two guide rails paralleled (4), and on two guide rails (4), slidingtype coordinates the first base plate (3); Transverse motion mechanism (B) comprises the second base plate (13), second base plate (13) is installed on the first base plate (3) by shifting sledge (9), shifting sledge (9) move horizontally direction and the first base plate (3) to move horizontally direction perpendicular; Described vertical lifting mechanism (C) is set on the second base plate (13), vertical lifting mechanism (C) is arranged described brick conveyor structure (D), sandblast pulp grinder structure (E) and Luo Zhuan mechanism (F), brick conveyor structure (D) is for transmitting fragment of brick, and the transmission exit of brick conveyor structure (D) is just to the brick mouth that falls of described Luo Zhuan mechanism (F); The slurry mouth that sandblasts of the described pulp grinder structure (E) that sandblasts is just to the brick mouth that falls of described Luo Zhuan mechanism (F).

Described automatic wall building machine, the two ends of two guide rails (4) are fixedly linked respectively by a screw rod (8), and screw rod (8) is perpendicular with guide rail (4).

Described automatic wall building machine, is respectively equipped with feet (2) bottom the two ends of guide rail (4).

Described automatic wall building machine, is slidably matched by directive wheel (5) between guide rail (4) and the first base plate (3).

Described automatic wall building machine, upper first motor (6) of first base plate (3), the first gear (7) motor shaft of the first motor (6) is equipped with, first gear (7) engages with the first tooth bar (1), and the two ends of the first tooth bar (1) are individually fixed in two adjusting screw(rod)s (8).

Described automatic wall building machine, first base plate (3) below fixed installation the second motor (10), affixed second gear (11) of motor shaft of the second motor (10), second gear (11) engages with tooth Article 2 (12), and the second tooth bar (12) is fixed on the soffit of the second base plate (13).

Described automatic wall building machine, vertical lifting mechanism (C) is divided into several module, each module comprises: the 3rd motor (22), two pieces of panels (14), 3rd gear (16), 3rd tooth bar (23), one piece of little side plate (17), second base plate (13) shelves two blocks of side plates paralleled, be loaded on biside plate several little module symmetrical expression, the lateral surface of side plate vertically fixedly mounts two pieces of described panels (14), described little side plate (17) is vertically fixedly connected with between the outer end of two pieces of panels (14), little side plate (17), two pieces of panels (14) and side plate surround a rectangle frame, the 3rd motor (22) described in lateral surface installation of little side plate (17), the motor shaft of the 3rd motor (22) is through stretching in described rectangle frame and interlock affixed with the 3rd described gear (16) after little side plate (17), 3rd gear (16) engages with the 3rd tooth bar (23), and the second base plate (13) is vertically fixed in the lower end of the 3rd tooth bar (23).

Described automatic wall building machine, a leading block axle (19) is installed between side plate and little side plate (17), leading block axle (19) is installed leading block (15), the outer ring of leading block (15) is butted on the back side of the 3rd tooth bar (23).

Described automatic wall building machine, before brick conveyor structure (D) comprises the 4th gear (33), side plate, after connecting axle (31), side plate, connecting axle (25), torque spring (30), conveyer chain (42), arc support plate (27), torque spring move limiting plate (28) and storage brick body (26), and the two ends of described biside plate (29), (24) are connected respectively by connecting axle (31) before connecting axle after side plate (25), side plate; Outside one end of wherein side plate (24), the 4th motor (32) is installed, the motor shaft of the 4th motor through this side plate (24) afterwards with side plate before connecting axle (31) interlock; Before and after side plate, the 4th gear (33) described in two is respectively equipped with at the two ends of connecting axle (31), (25), the transmission by described conveyer chain (42) between two the 4th gears (33) of homonymy, several connecting rod (43) is connected between both sides conveyer chain (42), connecting rod (43) is in parallel and equidistant arrangement, connecting rod (43) is at spacing intervals provided with the torque spring (30) described in two, between two torque springs (30) on same connecting rod, connects described torque spring push pedal (44); In the inner side of two pieces of side plates (24), (29), the arc support plate (27) described in several piece is installed, torque spring described in arc support plate (27) installation moves limiting plate (28), and the another side of torque spring (30) is butted on described torque spring and moves on limiting plate (28); Storage brick body (26) described in installing outside described biside plate rear end, brick outlet and described torque spring push pedal (44) movement position of storage brick body (26) are suitable.

Described automatic wall building machine, storage brick body (26) comprises two pieces of baffle plates vertically arranged, and relatively and be arranged in parallel, the lateral surface of biside plate is fixed in lower end to two baffle plates, the dual-side of two baffle plates along towards to side edgefold 90 degree, the spacing of two baffle plates and the spacing of two conveyer chains suitable.

Automatic wall building machine of the present invention primarily of longitudinal motion mechanism, transverse motion mechanism, vertical lifting mechanism, brick conveyor structure, sandblast the composition such as pulp grinder structure, Luo Zhuan mechanism, these mechanisms, by extraneous PLC integrating control, realize completing the task of building a wall fast and efficiently.The mechanical automation degree of this wall-building machine is high, greatly can reduce hand labor intensity, drastically increase operating efficiency, and it is safe and reliable, easy to operate, can be widely used in building trade, has larger marketing using value.

Innovative point of the present invention and advantage:

1, the level of guide rail limits, and can realize the parallelism in face and raising is built a wall, efficient location of fragment of brick, eliminate the tedious steps of artificial bracing wire.

2, three-shaft linkage, the translation between X-axis and Z axis can regulate fore-and-aft distance and the height in the face of building a wall respectively, and the translation of Y-axis facilitates process storage brick body being added to brick.

3, depression bar is equipped with buffer and positioner, produces while impact force pressing down in process to reduce, can make to realize fit-state closely between fragment of brick and fragment of brick to fragment of brick.

4, this equipment is provided with the pulp grinder Gou Jiluozhuan mechanism that sandblasts, and 2 are synchronously carried out, and can substantially increase efficiency of building a wall.

5, the longitudinal motion mechanism of the present invention's design also can save the operation that scaffold and operating personnel throw brick, the danger of work high above the ground of more effective hedging.

6, this automation degree of equipment is high, greatly can reduce hand labor intensity, safe and reliable, easy to operate, is easy to carry.It greatly can shorten engineering time and save financial resources, material resources etc.

Accompanying drawing explanation

Fig. 1 is general assembly structural representation of the present invention.

Fig. 2 is longitudinal motion mechanism figure of the present invention.

Fig. 3 is transverse motion mechanism figure of the present invention.

Fig. 4 is vertical conveyor composition of the present invention.

Fig. 5 is brick conveyor composition of the present invention.

Fig. 6 is brick conveyor structure stereogram of the present invention.

Fig. 7 is storage brick body partial structurtes view.

Fig. 8 is that the present invention falls brick mechanism map.

Fig. 9 is the assembly structure front view of flexure spring drift and right angle pressing plate.

Figure 10 is the assembly structure sectional view of flexure spring drift and right angle pressing plate.

Description of reference numerals: tooth bar-1, regulate feet-2, base plate-3, closed slide-4, six take turns directive wheel-5, motor-6, gear-7, adjusting screw(rod)-8, shifting sledge-9, motor-10, gear-11, tooth bar-12, base plate-13, panel-14, leading block-15, gear-16, little side plate-17, side guide pulley-18, leading block axle-19, side guide pulley spindle-20, side guide pulley bracket-21, motor-22, tooth bar-23, right plate-24, connecting axle-25 after side plate, storage brick body-26, arc support plate-27, torque spring moves limiting plate-28, left plate-29, torque spring-30, connecting axle-31 before side plate, motor-32, gear-33, portal frame-34, punching press motor-35, flexure spring drift-36, right angle pressing plate-37, conical limit plate-38, draw-bar plate-39, external plate-40, to twitch one's mouth jet pipe-41, Chuan send Lian ?42, Lian Gan ?43, torque spring Tui Ban ?44, Xie Ban ?45.

Detailed description of the invention

Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the preferred embodiment of the present invention is elaborated.

With reference to accompanying drawing 1-10, the present embodiment automatic wall building machine comprises longitudinal motion mechanism A, transverse motion mechanism B, vertical lifting mechanism C, brick conveyor structure D, sandblast pulp grinder structure E, Luo Zhuan mechanism F.Below the fit structure between each mechanism and each mechanism is described in detail.

Longitudinal motion mechanism A comprises two closed slides 4, adjusting screw(rod) 8, regulates feet 2, six to take turns directive wheel 5, base plate 3, motor 6, gear 7, tooth bar 1, two parallel layings of guide rail 4, the two ends of two guide rails 4 are fixedly linked respectively by the screw rod 8 of an adjustable guide rail distance, and screw rod 8 is perpendicular with guide rail 4.Two height-adjustable feets 2 are respectively housed bottom the two ends of guide rail 4.Adjust the distance between two closed slides 4 by adjusting screw(rod) 8, then by being arranged on the adjustment feet 2 of closed slide 4 bottom, regulate parallelism and the verticality of whole equipment.

Guide rail 4 inside is also equipped with and is taken turns directive wheel 5 for six of translation gliding, both sides six are taken turns on directive wheel 5 and base plate 3 are housed, two motors 6 base plate 3 are equipped with, gear 7 motor shaft of motor 6 is equipped with, two gears 7 engage with the tooth bar 1 being contained in base plate down either side respectively, the two ends of tooth bar 1 are individually fixed in two adjusting screw(rod)s 8, realize lengthwise movement.Base plate 1 is fixed on six of two closed slide 4 inside and takes turns on directive wheel 5, by being arranged on the motor 6 on base plate 3, drive the gear 7 be located on motor 6 and the relative motion being arranged on the tooth bar 1 on adjusting screw(rod) 8, thus drive whole base plate 3 and above mechanism to carry out longitudinal translation.

Transverse motion mechanism B comprises shifting sledge 9, base plate 13, motor 10, gear 11 and tooth bar 12, and the base plate 3 of longitudinal motion mechanism A is fixed in the bottom of shifting sledge 9, and the top of shifting sledge 9 is then fixedly connected with the base plate 13 in transversing gear.Also fixedly mount motor 10 below base plate 3, the affixed gear 11 of motor shaft of motor 10, gear 11 engages with tooth bar 12, and tooth bar 12 is fixed on the soffit of base plate 13.

Base plate 13 is connected with the base plate 3 of longitudinal motion mechanism A by two shifting sledges 9, drive the gear 2 be located on motor 10 and tooth bar 12 relative motion be arranged on below base plate 13 by the motor 10 be arranged on base plate 3 again, thus drive whole base plate 13 and above mechanism to carry out transverse translation.

Vertical lifting mechanism C is divided into four little modules, and each module comprises: a motor 22, leading block 15, leading block axle 19, side guide pulley 18, side guide pulley spindle 20, two pieces of panels 14, gear 16, tooth bar 23, one piece little side plate 17, two side guide pulley brackets 21.Base plate 13 shelves two blocks of side plates paralleled and left plate 29, right plate 24, four little modules between two one group be installed on left side plate respectively, the lateral surface of side plate vertically fixedly mounts two pieces of panels 14, vertically be fixedly connected with little side plate 17 between the outer end of two pieces of panels 14, little side plate 17, two pieces of panels 14 and side plate surround a rectangle frame.The lateral surface mounted motor 22 of little side plate 17, above-mentioned rectangle frame is interior and gear 16 is affixed and interlock through stretching into after little side plate 17 for the motor shaft of motor 22, and gear 16 engages with tooth bar 23, and base plate 13 is vertically fixed in the lower end of tooth bar 23.

Install a leading block axle 19 between side plate and little side plate 17, leading block axle 19 is installed leading block 15, the outer ring of leading block 15 is butted on the back side of tooth bar 23.A pair side guide pulley bracket 21 installed by side plate, and side guide pulley spindle 20 is installed between two sides leading block support 21, and side guide pulley 18 is installed on side guide pulley spindle 20, and the outer ring of side guide pulley 18 is butted on the medial surface of tooth bar 23.Whole mechanism, under the driving of four motors, by rack pinion, realizes rise and fall campaign.Leading block 15 and side guide pulley 18 control the relative position between elevating mechanism and tooth bar from X, Y both direction, rocking of reducing mechanism, improve rigidity and stability.

Four modules are as a moving whole, by the control of extraneous PLC, motor 3 in each module is operated, to drive the gear operation be fixed on motor shaft, and then make gear and the vertical lift tooth bar generation relative motion be fixed on base plate, drive the whole brick conveyor structure be contained on left side plate in top, Luo Zhuan mechanism, sandblasting pulp grinder structure to carry out vertical displacement movement.

Before brick conveyor structure D comprises left plate 29, right plate 24, gear 33, side plate, after connecting axle 31, side plate, connecting axle 25, torque spring 30, conveyer chain 42, arc support plate 27, torque spring move limiting plate 28 and storage brick body 26, and the two ends of left side plate 29,24 are connected respectively by connecting axle before connecting axle after side plate 25, side plate 31.Mounted motor 32 outside one end of right plate 24, motor shaft is through connecting axle 31 interlock after right plate 24 and before side plate.

Before and after side plate, two gears 33 are respectively equipped with at the two ends of connecting axle 31,25, the transmission by conveyer chain 42 between front and back two gear 33 of homonymy, several connecting rod 43 is connected between both sides conveyer chain 42, connecting rod 43 is parallel and equidistant arrangement, the connecting rod 43 of every midfeather two is provided with two torque springs 30, two torque spring 30 between connect a torque spring push pedal 44.Be provided with altogether four pieces of arc support plates, 27, four pieces of arc support plates 27 to have installed torque spring move limiting plate 28 in the inner side of two blocks of side plates 24,29, the another side of torque spring 30 is butted on this limiting plate 28.

Storage brick body 26 is there is also mounted outside the rear end of biside plate, storage brick body 26 comprises two pieces of baffle plates vertically arranged, and relatively and be arranged in parallel, the lateral surface of biside plate is fixed in lower end to two baffle plates, the dual-side of two baffle plates along towards to side edgefold 90 degree, the spacing of two baffle plates and the spacing of two conveyer chains suitable.Appropriate fragment of brick a can be deposited in storage brick body 26.

When motor 32 operates, the power of motor is sent to connecting axle 31 before side plate, then is sent to gear 33, and gear 33 is sent to conveyer chain 42 again, and chain can drive again dress torque spring 30 in the above, thus drives the running of whole connecting gear.Torque spring, when following conveyer chain and moving, can move limiting plate with the torque spring being arranged on left side plate inboard and come in contact, and form specific angle position.And the torque spring below moving to is due to without any shelter, then under gravity, freely sagging state can be kept.When be fixed in the storage brick body on left side plate have brick time, torque spring will utilize lever principle automatically, move limiting plate for fulcrum with torque spring, the fragment of brick being in storage brick body bottom is released at set intervals, is delivered to the conical limit device at place of Luo Zhuan mechanism.The torque spring push pedal be arranged on two parallel torque springs ensure that the stationarity of two torque spring actions when pushing away brick, and fragment of brick larger site error can not occur in moving process.

Sandblasting pulp grinder structure E comprises external carrier pipe, external plate, valve body, tee piece, twitch one's mouth jet pipe and external mortar pump, external plate is arranged on the end of left side plate, erect the platform installing sandblasting pulp grinder structure, two valve bodies are linked together by tee piece, each valve body there is also mounted a jet pipe 41 of twitching one's mouth, the brick that Luo Zhuan mechanism F aimed at by two jet pipes 41 of twitching one's mouth drops under place.When external mortar pump work, mortar by carrier pipe, tee piece, valve body, jet pipe 41 of twitching one's mouth, will finally arrive the position needing laid mortar, completes the action of sandblasting slurry.

Luo Zhuan mechanism F comprises portal frame 34, punching press motor 35, flexure spring drift 36, right angle pressing plate 37, conical limit plate 38, draw-bar plate 39, external plate 40, portal frame 34 mainly plays the effect of installing each parts, two pieces, the left and right riser of portal frame 34 is separately fixed at by left side plate 29,24 external external plates 40, in the process of building a wall, portal frame and metope disturb, the crossbeam of portal frame is set to " convex " shape, crossbeam is in above conical limit plate.

External plate 40 mainly plays the fixation to portal frame 34, the end of two pieces of external plates 40 is arranged on two blocks of side plates 29,24 respectively, and with bolts respectively, the portal frame for laying punching press motor 35 has been installed in the front end of two pieces of external plates 40, can ensure that it stably carries out pressing down work.

The cross rail inner of portal frame 34 is installed and is provided with punching press motor 35, and extraneous PLC can send signal makes it produce corresponding sports.The output shaft of punching press motor 35 is equipped with flexure spring drift 36, play cushioning effect, its mainly comprise electronic depression bar 36 ?1, spring 36 ?2, drift 36 ?3, bolt 36 ?4, nut 36 ?5, electronic depression bar 36 ?1 output shaft end being fixed on punching press motor 35, electronic depression bar 36 ?1 stretch into movably drift 36 ?3, electronic depression bar 36 ?1 and drift 36 ?3 the interior end between top pressure spring 36 ?2, drift 36 ?3 relative both sides formed chute 36 ?3 ?1, the direction of chute is consistent with the output shaft direction of motion of punching press motor 35, bolt 36 ?4 be horizontally through chute and electronic depression bar 36 ?1, bolt 36 ?4 two ends respectively spin a nut 36 ?5, electronic depression bar 36 ?1 at the move under influence of punching press motor 35, top pressure or retracting spring 36 ?2, meanwhile, bolt 36 ?4 along slide.Spring and drift are equipped with in electronic depression bar punching press front end, play cushioning effect, rely on motor that depression bar is pressed down, touch fragment of brick pressing down in process, can ensure that fragment of brick is subject to less impact force, make it stablize laid to desired location.

Drift 36 ?3 lower end fix one piece of right angle pressing plate 37, fragment of brick can be limited and press down lateral attitude in process, and right angle pressing plate directly contacts the lifting surface area that fragment of brick increases fragment of brick.Therefore, can ensure that fragment of brick is subject to uniform power.Under extraneous PLC controls, punching press motor rotation, flexure spring presses down, and can realize the action of building half brick at the end of every layer of wall, and fragment of brick is flattened compacting, can realize brick action.

The cross rail inner of portal frame 34 is also provided with two pieces for locating the conical limit plate 38 of fragment of brick position, two conical limit plates 38 are vertically symmetrical arranged, lower end is folded over an angle towards offside, and between both flanging portions, lower end, position is corresponding with flexure spring drift 36 and right angle pressing plate 37 present position.One side dihedral of external plate 40 becomes inclined-plane, and a swash plate 45 is installed on this inclined-plane, and draw-bar plate 39, the two draw-bar plate 39 this swash plate 45 being fixedly connected with one piece of guiding fragment of brick motion is symmetrical arranged, and draw-bar plate 39 shape in obtuse angle, installs down, is affixed on swash plate 45.Two draw-bar plates 39 parallel, inner corresponding with the lower end of conical limit plate 38.Luo Zhuan mechanism mainly plays reception connecting gear and carries the fragment of brick of coming, and regulates the effect of brick position.Conical limit plate plays the restriction to the longitudinal position of fragment of brick, ensure fragment of brick press down before position, and provide certain cushioning effect, what make that fragment of brick can be stable is laid to assigned address.Draw-bar plate has mainly played and has entered the position-limiting action before conical limit plate to fragment of brick.Draw-bar plate is arranged on external plate, when fragment of brick is delivered into before conical limit plate, first can, through draw-bar plate, rely on it to correct the lengthwise position of fragment of brick.

When longitudinal motion mechanism, transverse motion mechanism, vertical lifting mechanism, move to assigned address time, extraneous PLC will send signal makes it produce corresponding sports.Flexure spring drift is controlled by extraneous PLC, is aided with conical limit plate and right angle pressing plate and makes fragment of brick can by quick, stable laid to assigned address.

This institution staff is safe and reliable, accurate positioning, greatly can reduce hand labor intensity, has very large marketing using value.

Be described in detail above by each mechanism and motion change, clearly can express the work mechanism principle of automatic wall building machine, make operation can be simpler, lively and vivid, construction worker's left-hand seat faster can be made, enhance productivity, be easy to promote.

Specific works flow process and performance:

First according to the length requirement of body of wall, manually a fragment of brick and half brick are put in certain sequence and store up brick body, then working machines, machine will start tile work automatically according to the parameter pre-set.

Laid first piece of brick, machine first can start vertical lifting mechanism, is raised by machine and stretches out the height and the width of one piece of brick.Due to the existence of wall pier, then, machine can first with contrary direction motion longitudinal motion mechanism and sandblasting pulp grinder structure, laid to the left or to the right according to fragment of brick, start the right Special valve body in sandblasting pulp grinder structure or left Special valve body, laid mortar is carried out to the bottom surface of every one deck first piece of brick.Then, transverse machine motion resets to the initial position of this one deck, starts brick conveyor structure, fragment of brick is sent to the conical limit device of Luo Zhuan mechanism.Finally, the punching press motor rotation in Luo Zhuan mechanism, presses down the fragment of brick in conical limit device, has pressed backlash Medium-voltage Motor to reverse and has resetted.

After laid complete first piece of brick, will the brick of laid mid portion.First machine can with identical direction motion longitudinal motion mechanism machine sandblasting pulp grinder structure, according to the laid direction of fragment of brick, start the Special valve body of respective direction in sandblasting pulp grinder structure, laid mortar is carried out to each block brick bottom surface of this one deck middle part, the length of each only mobile one piece of brick, and the mortar of only laid this part brick.Then, start brick conveyor structure, fragment of brick is sent to the conical limit device of Luo Zhuan mechanism.Finally, the punching press motor rotation in Luo Zhuan mechanism, presses down the fragment of brick in conical limit device, has pressed backlash Medium-voltage Motor to reverse and has resetted.Circulation like this, until by laid complete for the mid portion fragment of brick of this one deck.

When wanting laid last half brick, first machine can start longitudinal motion mechanism and sandblasting pulp grinder structure with identical direction, according to the laid direction of fragment of brick, start the Special valve body of respective direction in sandblasting pulp grinder structure, laid mortar is carried out to the bottom surface, vacancy of the remaining last half brick of this one deck.Then, vertical lifting mechanism setting in motion, the height of the one piece of brick that risen by machine, restarts brick conveyor structure, pre-set two half bricks is sent to the conical limit device of Luo Zhuan mechanism.Then, punching press motor rotation in Luo Zhuan mechanism, in conical limit device two half brick is pressed down simultaneously, during this time, two half bricks can because of difference in height, one piece by laid at original one deck, another block will drop on above original laid good one deck brick, and punching press motor does not need reversion to reset, finally, transverse motion mechanism setting in motion, moves after machine, because punching press motor does not reverse reset, that half brick superincumbent that falls will pull off by the right angle pressing plate that punching press motor head is installed.After this action completes, transverse motion mechanism starts running, and is moved forward by machine.So far this one deck brick has spread.

The combinative movement of these mechanisms alternately can repeat motion, until the metope preset is built complete.

Those skilled in the art will appreciate that above embodiment is only used to the present invention is described, and not as limitation of the invention, as long as within the scope of the invention, all will drop on protection scope of the present invention to the change of above embodiment, distortion.

Claims (10)

1. an automatic wall building machine, it is characterized in that comprising longitudinal motion mechanism (A), transverse motion mechanism (B), vertical lifting mechanism (C), brick conveyor structure (D), the pulp grinder structure (E) that sandblasts, Luo Zhuan mechanism (F), longitudinal motion mechanism (A) comprises two guide rails paralleled (4), and on two guide rails (4), slidingtype coordinates the first base plate (3); Transverse motion mechanism (B) comprises the second base plate (13), second base plate (13) is installed on the first base plate (3) by shifting sledge (9), shifting sledge (9) move horizontally direction and the first base plate (3) to move horizontally direction perpendicular; Described vertical lifting mechanism (C) is set on the second base plate (13), vertical lifting mechanism (C) is arranged described brick conveyor structure (D), sandblast pulp grinder structure (E) and Luo Zhuan mechanism (F), brick conveyor structure (D) is for transmitting fragment of brick, and the transmission exit of brick conveyor structure (D) is just to the brick mouth that falls of described Luo Zhuan mechanism (F); The slurry mouth that sandblasts of the described pulp grinder structure (E) that sandblasts is just to the brick mouth that falls of described Luo Zhuan mechanism (F).
2. automatic wall building machine as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: the two ends of described two guide rails (4) are fixedly linked respectively by a screw rod (8), and screw rod (8) is perpendicular with guide rail (4).
3. automatic wall building machine as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: feet (2) is respectively housed bottom the two ends of described guide rail (4).
4. as claim 1 ?automatic wall building machine as described in 3 any one, it is characterized in that: be slidably matched by directive wheel (5) between described guide rail (4) and the first base plate (3).
5. automatic wall building machine as claimed in claim 2, it is characterized in that: upper first motor (6) of the first base plate (3), the first gear (7) motor shaft of the first motor (6) is equipped with, first gear (7) engages with the first tooth bar (1), and the two ends of the first tooth bar (1) are individually fixed in two adjusting screw(rod)s (8).
6. automatic wall building machine as claimed in claim 5, it is characterized in that: described the first base plate (3) below fixed installation the second motor (10), affixed second gear (11) of motor shaft of the second motor (10), second gear (11) engages with tooth Article 2 (12), and the second tooth bar (12) is fixed on the soffit of the second base plate (13).
7. automatic wall building machine as claimed in claim 6, it is characterized in that: described vertical lifting mechanism (C) is divided into several module, each module comprises: the 3rd motor (22), two pieces of panels (14), 3rd gear (16), 3rd tooth bar (23), one piece of little side plate (17), second base plate (13) shelves two blocks of side plates paralleled, be loaded on biside plate several little module symmetrical expression, the lateral surface of side plate vertically fixedly mounts two pieces of described panels (14), described little side plate (17) is vertically fixedly connected with between the outer end of two pieces of panels (14), little side plate (17), two pieces of panels (14) and side plate surround a rectangle frame, the 3rd motor (22) described in lateral surface installation of little side plate (17), the motor shaft of the 3rd motor (22) is through stretching in described rectangle frame and interlock affixed with the 3rd described gear (16) after little side plate (17), 3rd gear (16) engages with the 3rd tooth bar (23), and the second base plate (13) is vertically fixed in the lower end of the 3rd tooth bar (23).
8. automatic wall building machine as claimed in claim 7, it is characterized in that: a leading block axle (19) is installed between described side plate and little side plate (17), leading block axle (19) is installed leading block (15), the outer ring of leading block (15) is butted on the back side of the 3rd tooth bar (23).
9. automatic wall building machine as claimed in claim 7, it is characterized in that: before described brick conveyor structure (D) comprises the 4th gear (33), side plate, after connecting axle (31), side plate, connecting axle (25), torque spring (30), conveyer chain (42), arc support plate (27), torque spring move limiting plate (28) and storage brick body (26), and the two ends of described biside plate (29), (24) are connected respectively by connecting axle (31) before connecting axle after side plate (25), side plate; Outside one end of wherein side plate (24), the 4th motor (32) is installed, the motor shaft of the 4th motor through this side plate (24) afterwards with side plate before connecting axle (31) interlock; Before and after side plate, the 4th gear (33) described in two is respectively equipped with at the two ends of connecting axle (31), (25), the transmission by described conveyer chain (42) between two the 4th gears (33) of homonymy, several connecting rod (43) is connected between both sides conveyer chain (42), connecting rod (43) is in parallel and equidistant arrangement, connecting rod (43) is at spacing intervals provided with the torque spring (30) described in two, between two torque springs (30) on same connecting rod, connects described torque spring push pedal (44); In the inner side of two pieces of side plates (24), (29), the arc support plate (27) described in several piece is installed, torque spring described in arc support plate (27) installation moves limiting plate (28), and the another side of torque spring (30) is butted on described torque spring and moves on limiting plate (28); Storage brick body (26) described in installing outside described biside plate rear end, brick outlet and described torque spring push pedal (44) movement position of storage brick body (26) are suitable.
10. automatic wall building machine as claimed in claim 9, it is characterized in that: described storage brick body (26) comprises two pieces of baffle plates vertically arranged, two baffle plates relatively and be arranged in parallel, the lateral surface of biside plate is fixed in lower end, the dual-side of two baffle plates along towards to side edgefold 90 degree, the spacing of two baffle plates and the spacing of two conveyer chains suitable.
CN201510306725.8A 2015-06-05 2015-06-05 Automatic wall-building machine CN105178616B (en)

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Cited By (6)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106088631A (en) * 2016-06-22 2016-11-09 安庆海纳信息技术有限公司 A kind of automatic wall-building device of view-based access control model technology
CN106088632A (en) * 2016-06-22 2016-11-09 安庆海纳信息技术有限公司 A kind of wall-building machine based on machine vision
CN106836830A (en) * 2017-04-24 2017-06-13 杨雪锋 A kind of automatic climbing builds brick device
CN108331361A (en) * 2018-02-06 2018-07-27 王银露 A kind of robot peripheral device
CN108505753A (en) * 2018-02-06 2018-09-07 王银露 A kind of robot perimeter component
US10635758B2 (en) 2016-07-15 2020-04-28 Fastbrick Ip Pty Ltd Brick/block laying machine incorporated in a vehicle

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107893544B (en) * 2017-11-26 2019-11-29 山东建筑大学 Brick wall supplementary building wall device

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CN203701626U (en) * 2014-01-21 2014-07-09 鄂大锐 Automatic wall building machine
CN204311767U (en) * 2014-12-11 2015-05-06 长安大学 A kind of automatic wall building machine
CN204703536U (en) * 2015-06-05 2015-10-14 浙江机电职业技术学院 A kind of wall-building machine

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GB1336221A (en) * 1970-04-10 1973-11-07 Kortleve W Brickwork structural building element and a method and apparatus for manufacturing same
CN203701626U (en) * 2014-01-21 2014-07-09 鄂大锐 Automatic wall building machine
CN204311767U (en) * 2014-12-11 2015-05-06 长安大学 A kind of automatic wall building machine
CN204703536U (en) * 2015-06-05 2015-10-14 浙江机电职业技术学院 A kind of wall-building machine

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106088631A (en) * 2016-06-22 2016-11-09 安庆海纳信息技术有限公司 A kind of automatic wall-building device of view-based access control model technology
CN106088632A (en) * 2016-06-22 2016-11-09 安庆海纳信息技术有限公司 A kind of wall-building machine based on machine vision
CN106088632B (en) * 2016-06-22 2018-03-30 浙江视野环境艺术装饰工程有限公司 A kind of wall-building machine based on machine vision
US10635758B2 (en) 2016-07-15 2020-04-28 Fastbrick Ip Pty Ltd Brick/block laying machine incorporated in a vehicle
CN106836830A (en) * 2017-04-24 2017-06-13 杨雪锋 A kind of automatic climbing builds brick device
CN106836830B (en) * 2017-04-24 2018-05-29 杨雪锋 A kind of automatic climbing builds brick device
CN108331361A (en) * 2018-02-06 2018-07-27 王银露 A kind of robot peripheral device
CN108505753A (en) * 2018-02-06 2018-09-07 王银露 A kind of robot perimeter component

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