The content of the invention
To solve above-mentioned problem of the prior art, the invention provides a kind of automatic wall building machine, it can be automatically performed one piece
The action of brick, blind header laying synchronous with mortar, its is rational in infrastructure, it is adaptable to the construction site of various environment, can ensure
On the premise of wall surface levelling, the metope of builder's design is quickly and efficiently built, the work for not only making builder is more pacified
Entirely, easily, efficiently, the productivity demand being becoming tight day is also released.
The present invention is adopted the following technical scheme that：A kind of automatic wall building machine, including longitudinal motion mechanism (A), transverse movement machine
Structure (B), vertical lifting mechanism (C), brick conveyor structure (D), the pulp grinder structure (E) that sandblasts, Luo Zhuan mechanisms (F), longitudinal motion mechanism
(A) two parallel guide rails (4) are included, slidingtype coordinates the first base plate (3) on two guide rails (4)；Transverse motion mechanism (B)
Including the second base plate (13), the second base plate (13) is installed on the first base plate (3) by shifting sledge (9), shifting sledge (9)
Move horizontally direction and the first base plate (3) to move horizontally direction perpendicular；Described hanging down is set on the second base plate (13)
Descending mechanism (C) is gone straight up to, described brick conveyor structure (D) is set on vertical lifting mechanism (C), sandblast pulp grinder structure (E) and the brick that falls
Mechanism (F), brick conveyor structure (D) is used to transmit fragment of brick, the transmission exit of brick conveyor structure (D) just to it is described fall brick machine
The brick mouth that falls of structure (F)；The slurry mouth that sandblasts of the pulp grinder structure (E) that sandblasts is just to the brick mouth that falls of the Luo Zhuan mechanisms (F).
Described automatic wall building machine, the two ends of two guide rails (4) are fixedly linked respectively by a screw rod (8), screw rod (8) with
Guide rail (4) is perpendicular.
Described automatic wall building machine, the two ends bottom of guide rail (4) is respectively equipped with support feet (2).
Described automatic wall building machine, is slidably matched between guide rail (4) and the first base plate (3) by directive wheel (5).
Described automatic wall building machine, the first motor (6) on the first base plate (3), equipped with the on the motor shaft of the first motor (6)
One gear (7), first gear (7) is engaged with the first tooth bar (1), and the two ends of the first tooth bar (1) are individually fixed in two adjusting screw rods
Described automatic wall building machine, the first base plate (3) lower section the second motor of fixed installation (10), the electricity of the second motor (10)
The affixed second gear of arbor (11), second gear (11) is engaged with tooth Article 2 (12), and the second tooth bar (12) is fixed on the second bottom
The lower surface of plate (13).
Described automatic wall building machine, vertical lifting mechanism (C) is divided into several modules, and each module includes：One the 3rd electric
Machine (22), two pieces of panels (14), the 3rd gear (16), the 3rd tooth bar (23), one piece little side plates (17), the second base plate
(13) two blocks of parallel side plates are shelved, several little module symmetrical expression ground are loaded on biside plate, and the lateral surface of side plate is vertically fixed to pacify
Two pieces of described panels (14) of dress, are vertically fixedly connected described little side plate (17), little side between the outer end of two pieces of panels (14)
Plate (17), two pieces of panels (14) and side plate surround a rectangle frame；The lateral surface of little side plate (17) installs the 3rd described motor
(22), the motor shaft of the 3rd motor (22) passes through the rectangle inframe described in stretching into after little side plate (17) and the 3rd described gear
(16) affixed and interlock, the 3rd gear (16) is engaged with the 3rd tooth bar (23), and the lower end of the 3rd tooth bar (23) is perpendicularly fixed at
Two base plates (13).
Described automatic wall building machine, installs a leading block axle (19), leading block axle between side plate and little side plate (17)
(19) leading block (15) is installed, the outer ring of leading block (15) is butted on the back side of the 3rd tooth bar (23) on.
Described automatic wall building machine, brick conveyor structure (D) includes connecting shaft (31), side before the 4th gear (33), side plate
Connecting shaft (25), torque spring (30), conveyer chain (42), arc support plate (27), torque spring movement limiting plate (28) after plate
And storage brick body (26), the biside plate (29), the two ends connecting shaft before connecting shaft (25), side plate after side plate respectively of (24)
(31) it is connected；The 4th motor (32) is installed in one end outside of wherein side plate (24), and the motor shaft of the 4th motor passes through the side plate
(24) afterwards with side plate before connecting shaft (31) interlock；Connecting shaft (31) before and after side plate, the two ends of (25) are respectively equipped with the described in two
Four gears (33), are driven, both sides conveyer chain (42) between two the 4th gears (33) of homonymy by described conveyer chain (42)
Between connect several connecting rods (43), connecting rod (43) is provided with two in parallel and equidistant arrangement on connecting rod (43) at spacing intervals
Individual described torque spring (30), connects described torque spring and pushes away between one side of two torque springs (30) on same connecting rod
Plate (44)；The arc support plate (27) being provided with the inside of two pieces of side plates (24), (29) described in several piece, arc support plate (27)
Described torque spring movement limiting plate (28) is installed, the another side of torque spring (30) is butted on described torque spring movement limit
On position plate (28)；Described storage brick body (26) is installed in described biside plate rear end outside, stores up brick outlet and the institute of brick body (26)
Torque spring push pedal (44) movement position stated is adapted.
Described automatic wall building machine, storage brick body (26) includes two pieces of vertically arranged baffle plates, and two baffle plates are relative and parallel cloth
Put, the lateral surface of biside plate is fixed in lower end, towards to 90 degree of side edgefold, the spacing of two baffle plates is passed with two for the both sides edge of two baffle plates
The spacing for sending chain is adapted.
Automatic wall building machine of the present invention is mainly by longitudinal motion mechanism, transverse motion mechanism, vertical lifting mechanism, fragment of brick transmission
Mechanism, the pulp grinder structure that sandblasts, Luo Zhuan mechanisms etc. constitute, and these mechanisms are realized fast and efficiently complete by the external world's integrated controls of PLC
Into the task of building a wall.The mechanical automation degree of this wall-building machine is high, can substantially reduce hand labor intensity, drastically increases operation
Efficiency, its is safe and reliable, easy to operate, can be widely applied to building trade, with larger marketing using value.
The innovative point and advantage of the present invention：
1st, the level of guide rail is limited, it is possible to achieve the efficient positioning of fragment of brick and raising are built a wall the depth of parallelism in face, eliminate people
The tedious steps of work bracing wire.
2nd, three-shaft linkage, the translation between X-axis and Z axis can respectively adjust the fore-and-aft distance and height in the face of building a wall, Y-axis it is flat
Shifting is facilitated to be carried out adding the process of brick to storing up brick body.
3rd, depression bar is reduced during pushing and produces the same of impulsive force to fragment of brick equipped with buffer unit and positioner
When, can make to realize close fit-state between fragment of brick and fragment of brick.
4th, this equipment is provided with the pulp grinder Gou Jiluozhuan mechanisms that sandblast, and 2 points are synchronously carried out, and have been greatly improved efficiency of building a wall.
5th, the longitudinal motion mechanism of present invention design can also save scaffold and operating personnel throw the operation of brick, more effectively
The hedging danger of work high above the ground.
6th, this automation degree of equipment is high, can substantially reduce hand labor intensity, safe and reliable, easy to operate, just
In carrying.It can greatly shorten engineering time and save financial resources, material resources etc..
The preferred embodiment of the present invention is elaborated below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
Referring to the drawings 1-10, the present embodiment automatic wall building machine includes longitudinal motion mechanism A, transverse motion mechanism B, vertical liter
Descending mechanism C, brick conveyor structure D, sandblast pulp grinder structure E, Luo Zhuan mechanism F.Below to matching somebody with somebody between each mechanism and each mechanism
Close structure to be described in detail.
Longitudinal motion mechanism A includes two closed slides 4, adjusting screw rod 8, adjusts the wheel directive wheel 5, base plate of support feet 2, six
3rd, motor 6, gear 7, tooth bar 1, the parallel laying of two guide rails 4, the two ends of two guide rails 4 pass through respectively an adjustable guide rail distance
Screw rod 8 be fixedly linked, screw rod 8 is perpendicular with guide rail 4.The two ends bottom of guide rail 4 is respectively equipped with two height-adjustable supports
Pin 2.The distance between two closed slides 4 is adjusted by adjusting screw rod 8, then by the regulation installed in the bottom of closed slide 4
Support feet 2 is adjusting the depth of parallelism and perpendicularity of whole equipment.
It is also equipped with taking turns directive wheel 5 for the six of translation gliding inside guide rail 4, base plate 3 is housed on the wheel directive wheel 5 of both sides six,
On base plate 3 be equipped with two motors 6, on the motor shaft of motor 6 be equipped with gear 7, two gears 7 respectively be mounted in base plate down either side
Tooth bar 1 is engaged, and the two ends of tooth bar 1 are individually fixed in two adjusting screw rods 8, realize lengthwise movement.Base plate 1 is fixed on two parallel conductives
On six wheel directive wheels 5 inside rail 4, the gear 7 being located on motor 6 is driven by the motor 6 on base plate 3 with peace
The relative motion of the tooth bar 1 being mounted on adjusting screw rod 8, so as to drive whole base plate 3 and above mechanism to carry out longitudinal translation.
Transverse motion mechanism B includes shifting sledge 9, base plate 13, motor 10, gear 11 and tooth bar 12, under shifting sledge 9
The base plate 3 of longitudinal motion mechanism A is fixed in portion, and the top of shifting sledge 9 is then fixedly connected with the base plate 13 in transversing gear.Bottom
The lower section of plate 3 also fixedly mounts motor 10, and the affixed gear 11 of motor shaft of motor 10, gear 11 is engaged with tooth bar 12, and tooth bar 12 is consolidated
Due to the lower surface of base plate 13.
Base plate 13 is connected by two shifting sledges 9 with the base plate 3 of longitudinal motion mechanism A, then by base plate 3
Motor 10 come the relative motion of tooth bar 12 that drives the gear 2 being located on motor 10 be arranged on the lower section of base plate 13, so as to drive
Whole base plate 13 and above mechanism carry out transverse translation.
Vertical lifting mechanism C point is four little modules, and each module includes：One motor, 22, leading block 15,
19, one, individual leading block axle, 18, one, side guide pulley, 20, two pieces of the side guide pulley spindle gear 16 of panel 14,
One 23, one piece of tooth bar side guide pulley bracket 21 of little side plate 17, two.It is i.e. left that base plate 13 shelves two blocks of parallel side plates
Side plate 29, right plate 24, four little modules are respectively arranged in left side plate for one group two-by-two, and the lateral surface of side plate is vertically fixedly mounted
Two pieces of panels 14, are vertically fixedly connected little side plate 17, little side plate 17, two blocks of panels 14 and side plates between the outer end of two pieces of panels 14
Surround a rectangle frame.The lateral surface of little side plate 17 installs motor 22, and the motor shaft of motor 22 stretches into above-mentioned through after little side plate 17
Rectangle inframe and gear 16 are affixed and interlock, gear 16 is engaged with tooth bar 23, and the lower end of tooth bar 23 is perpendicularly fixed at base plate 13.
A piece leading block axle 19 is installed between side plate and little side plate 17, leading block 15 is installed on leading block axle 19, lead
The back side of tooth bar 23 is butted on to the outer ring of pulley 15.Side plate installs a pair of side guide pulley brackets 21, side guide pulley spindle
20 are installed between two sides leading blocks support 21, and side guide pulley 18 is installed on side guide pulley spindle 20, side guide
The outer ring of pulley 18 is butted on the medial surface of tooth bar 23.Whole mechanism, by rack pinion, realizes under the driving of four motors
Rise and fall campaign.Leading block 15 and side guide pulley 18 are controlled between elevating mechanism and tooth bar from X, Y both direction
Relative position, rocking for reducing mechanism, improves rigidity and stability.
Four modules are overall as a motion, by the control of extraneous PLC, make motor 3 in each module operate, with band
The dynamic gear operation being fixed on motor shaft, and then make gear fortune relative with the vertical lift tooth bar generation being fixed on base plate
It is dynamic, drive brick conveyor structure, Luo Zhuan mechanisms, sandblasting pulp grinder structure that top is entirely mounted on left side plate to carry out vertical lift fortune
It is dynamic.
Brick conveyor structure D includes connecting shaft after connecting shaft 31, side plate before left plate 29, right plate 24, gear 33, side plate
25th, torque spring 30, conveyer chain 42, arc support plate 27, torque spring movement limiting plate 28 and storage brick body 26, left side plate
29th, 24 two ends respectively before connecting shaft 25, side plate after side plate connecting shaft 31 be connected.One end outside of right plate 24 is installed by electricity
Machine 32, motor shaft through after right plate 24 with side plate before connecting shaft 31 interlock.
The two ends of connecting shaft 31,25 are respectively equipped with two gears 33 before and after side plate, by passing between two gears 33 before and after homonymy
Send chain 42 and be driven, several connecting rods 43 are connected between both sides conveyer chain 42, connecting rod 43 is in parallel and equidistant arrangement, per midfeather two
Two torque springs 30 are installed on the connecting rod 43 of root, a torque spring push pedal 44 is connected between one side of two torque springs 30.
Altogether four pieces of arc support plates 27 are installed in the inner side of two blocks of side plates 24,29, four pieces of arc support plates 27 are mounted with torsion bullet
Spring moves limiting plate 28, and the another side of torque spring 30 is butted on this limiting plate 28.
The rear end outside of biside plate there is also mounted storage brick body 26, and storage brick body 26 includes two pieces of vertically arranged baffle plates, two gears
Plate is relative and is arranged in parallel, and the lateral surface of biside plate is fixed in lower end, and the both sides edge of two baffle plates is towards to 90 degree of side edgefold, two gears
The spacing of plate is adapted with the spacing of two conveyer chains.Appropriate fragment of brick a can be deposited in storage brick body 26.
When motor 32 operates, the power of motor is sent to connecting shaft 31 before side plate, then is sent to gear 33, and gear 33 is passed again
Conveyer chain 42 is sent to, chain can drive dress torque spring 30 in the above again, so as to drive the operating of whole connecting gear.Turn round
Power spring can connect when following conveyer chain to be moved with limiting plate is moved installed in the inboard torque spring of left side plate
Touch, and form specific angle position.And move to the torque spring of lower section due to without any shelter, then can be in the work of gravity
With under, freely sagging state is kept.When having brick in the storage brick body being fixed on left side plate, torque spring will be automatically sharp
With lever principle, limiting plate is moved as fulcrum with torque spring, the fragment of brick in storage brick body bottom is released at set intervals,
The conical limit device being passed at Luo Zhuan mechanisms.Torque spring push pedal on two parallel torque springs ensure that
The stationarity of two torque spring actions when brick is pushed away, fragment of brick will not occur larger site error in moving process.
Sandblasting pulp grinder structure E includes external delivery pipe, external plate, valve body, three-way pipe, flat mouth jet pipe and external mortar pump, outward
Plate is put on the end of left side plate, the platform for installing sandblasting pulp grinder structure has been erected, two valve bodies are connected by three-way pipe
Together, there is also mounted a flat mouth jet pipe 41 on each valve body, the brick of two alignment Luo Zhuan mechanism F of flat mouth jet pipe 41 drops place
Under.When external mortar pump work, mortar will be by delivery pipe, three-way pipe, valve body, flat mouth jet pipe 41, and finally reaching needs
The position of laid mortar is wanted, sandblasting slurry action is completed.
Luo Zhuan mechanisms F includes portal frame 34, punching press motor 35, flexure spring drift 36, right angle pressing plate 37, conical limit plate
38th, draw-bar plate 39, external plate 40, portal frame 34 primarily serves the effect for installing each part, two pieces of the left and right riser of portal frame 34
It is separately fixed at by the external external plate 40 of left side plate 29,24, in order to avoid portal frame occurs with metope during building a wall
Interference, by the crossbeam of portal frame " convex " shape is set to, and crossbeam is in conical limit plate top.
External plate 40 acts primarily as the fixation to portal frame 34, and the end of two pieces of external plates 40 is separately mounted to two pieces of sides
On plate 29,24, and bolt connection is respectively adopted, the front end of two pieces of external plates 40 is mounted with the gantry for laying punching press motor 35
Frame, can guarantee that it stably carries out pushing work.
The cross rail inner of portal frame 34 is installed and is provided with punching press motor 35, and extraneous PLC can send signal makes its generation mutually meet the tendency of
It is dynamic.The output shaft of punching press motor 35 be equipped with flexure spring drift 36, play cushioning effect, its mainly include electronic depression bar 36-1,
Spring 36-2, drift 36-3, bolt 36-4, nut 36-5, electronic depression bar 36-1 is fixed on the output shaft end of punching press motor 35,
Electronic depression bar 36-1 movably stretches into drift 36-3, top pressure spring 36-2 between the interior bottom of electronic depression bar 36-1 and drift 36-3,
The opposite sides of drift 36-3 forms chute 36-3-1, and the direction of chute is consistent with the output shaft direction of motion of punching press motor 35,
Bolt 36-4 is horizontally through the two ends of chute and electronic depression bar 36-1, bolt 36-4 and respectively spins a nut 36-5, electronic depression bar 36-
1 moves in the presence of punching press motor 35, top pressure or release spring 36-2, and at the same time, bolt 36-4 is along slide.It is electronic
Cushioning effect is played in depression bar punching press front end equipped with spring and drift, and by motor depression bar is pushed, and touches during pushing
Fragment of brick, can guarantee that fragment of brick is subject to less impulsive force so as to stablize laid to desired location.
One piece of right angle pressing plate 37 is fixed in the lower end of drift 36-3, can limit the lateral attitude during fragment of brick is pushed, and
Right angle pressing plate directly contact fragment of brick increases the lifting surface area of fragment of brick.Accordingly, it is capable to ensure that fragment of brick is subject to uniform power.In the external world
Under PLC controls, punching press motor rotation, flexure spring is pushed, and the action of blind header is built at the end that may be implemented in every layer of wall, and by brick
Block flattens compacting, is capable of achieving brick action.
The cross rail inner of portal frame 34 is additionally provided with two blocks of conical limit plates 38 for positioning fragment of brick position, two conical limits
Plate 38 is vertically symmetrical arranged, and lower end is folded over an angle towards offside, position and flexure spring drift 36 between both lower end hems
And the present position of right angle pressing plate 37 is corresponding.One side angle of external plate 40 forms inclined-plane, and a swash plate 45, the swash plate are installed in this inclined-plane
The draw-bar plate 39 of one piece of guiding fragment of brick motion is fixedly connected on 45, two draw-bar plates 39 are symmetrical arranged, the shape in obtuse angle of draw-bar plate 39,
Install down, while being affixed on swash plate 45.Two draw-bar plates 39 are parallel, inner corresponding with the lower end of conical limit plate 38.Fall brick
Mechanism primarily serves and receives the fragment of brick that connecting gear conveying comes, and adjusts the effect of brick position.Conical limit plate plays right
The restriction effect of fragment of brick longitudinal direction position, it is ensured that fragment of brick push before position, and there is provided certain cushioning effect, make fragment of brick to stablize
It is laid to specified location.Draw-bar plate has primarily served the position-limiting action entered before conical limit plate to fragment of brick.Draw-bar plate is installed
On external plate, when fragment of brick is conveyed into before conical limit plate, longitudinal position of fragment of brick through draw-bar plate, can be corrected by it first
When longitudinal motion mechanism, transverse motion mechanism, vertical lifting mechanism, move to specified location when, extraneous PLC will
Sending signal makes it produce corresponding sports.Flexure spring drift is controlled by external world PLC, is aided with conical limit plate and right angle pressing plate
Make the fragment of brick can be by quick, stable laid to specified location.
This mechanism is safe and reliable, accurate positioning, can substantially reduce hand labor intensity, with very big marketing
Above by being described in detail to each mechanism and motion change, the work of automatic wall building machine can be clearly expressed
Make theory of mechanics so that operation can be simpler, lively and vivid, can make the faster left-hand seat of builder, improves production
Efficiency, it is easy to promote.
Specific workflow and performance：
First according to the length requirement of body of wall, manually a fragment of brick and blind header are put in certain sequence in storage brick body, so
Working machines afterwards, machine will automatically begin to tile work according to the parameter for pre-setting.
Laid first piece of brick, machine can first start vertical lifting mechanism, by machine raise and stretch out the height of one piece of brick with
Width.Due to the presence of wall pier, then, machine understands first motion longitudinal motion mechanism and sandblasting pulp grinder structure in a reverse direction, root
According to the laid to the left or to the right of fragment of brick, start the right Special valve body or left Special valve body in sandblasting pulp grinder structure, to each layer first
The bottom surface of block brick carries out laid mortar.Then, transverse machine motion resets to the initial position of this layer, starts fragment of brick and passes
Mechanism is sent, fragment of brick is sent to into the conical limit device of Luo Zhuan mechanisms.Finally, the punching press motor rotation in Luo Zhuan mechanisms, will bore
Fragment of brick in shape stopping means is pushed, and has pressed the reversion of backlash Medium-voltage Motor to reset.
It is necessary to the brick of laid mid portion after laid complete first piece of brick.First machine can move in the same direction vertical
To motion Machine-blasting mortar mechanism, according to the laid direction of fragment of brick, start the Special valve body of respective direction in sandblasting pulp grinder structure,
Laid mortar is carried out to each piece of brick bottom surface of this layer of middle part, every time the length of mobile one piece of brick, and it is only laid
The mortar of this part brick.Then, start brick conveyor structure, fragment of brick is sent to into the conical limit device of Luo Zhuan mechanisms.Finally,
Punching press motor rotation in Luo Zhuan mechanisms, the fragment of brick in conical limit device is pushed, and has pressed the reversion of backlash Medium-voltage Motor to reset.Such as
This circulation, until finishing the mid portion fragment of brick of this layer is laid.
When laid last blind header is wanted, first machine can in the same direction start longitudinal motion mechanism and sandblasting slurry
Mechanism, according to the laid direction of fragment of brick, starts the Special valve body of respective direction in sandblasting pulp grinder structure, most later half to this layer of remainder
The vacancy bottom surface of block brick carries out laid mortar.Then, vertical lifting mechanism setting in motion, by machine the height of one piece of brick is risen
Degree, restarts brick conveyor structure, and two pre-set blind headers are sent to into the conical limit device of Luo Zhuan mechanisms.Connect
, the punching press motor rotation in Luo Zhuan mechanisms, two blind headers in conical limit device are pushed simultaneously, during this time,
Two blind headers can because of difference in height, one piece by laid at original one layer, another piece will fall in original laid one layer of good brick
Above, and punching press motor is not required to reversion and resets, finally, transverse motion mechanism setting in motion will be moved after machine, due to punching press electricity
Machine does not invert reset, and the right angle pressing plate that punching press motor head is installed superincumbent that blind header that will will fall is pulled off.This is moved
After the completion of work, transverse motion mechanism starts running, and machine is moved forward.So far this layer of brick has spread.
The combinative movement of these mechanisms can be alternately repeated and be moved, until metope set in advance is built and finished.
It will be recognized by one skilled in the art that above example is intended merely to the explanation present invention, and it is not intended as to this
The restriction of invention, as long as within the scope of the invention, the protection model that the change, deformation to above example all will fall in the present invention