CN105130191B - Lightweight porcelain low temperature transmutation covellite colour glaze, method of preparation and use - Google Patents

Lightweight porcelain low temperature transmutation covellite colour glaze, method of preparation and use Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105130191B
CN105130191B CN201510534458.XA CN201510534458A CN105130191B CN 105130191 B CN105130191 B CN 105130191B CN 201510534458 A CN201510534458 A CN 201510534458A CN 105130191 B CN105130191 B CN 105130191B
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parts
glaze
low temperature
transmutation
formula
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CN105130191A (en
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李桂贤
刁龙海
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Fujian Dehua Grangtop Ceramic Co Ltd
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Fujian Dehua Grangtop Ceramic Co Ltd
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Abstract

The invention belongs to ceramic manufacture field, and in particular to a kind of furnace transmutation glaze formula, preparation method and application method fired for light china.This kind of transmutation covellite color glaze material formula glaze formula includes glass dust, boric acid, kaolin, sodium carbonate, basic copper carbonate, fluorite, ice crystal, bentonite, lightweight porcelain low temperature transmutation covellite color glaze material formula glaze cost is low, easy to use, firing temperature is low, with unique artistic feeling.The glazing effect that this kind of transmutation covellite colour glaze is burnt out has the background color of covellite color, irregular black splotch is uniformly distributed on background color, the size of black splotch and respectively density change according to ceramic type and glazing thickness, with unique artistic effect;The porcelain made using this kind of glaze improves product specification and selling price, with higher economic value;Other this kind of glaze can produce with bulk industrial, can Rapid Popularization, using simple, commercially with stronger competitiveness.

Description

Lightweight porcelain low temperature transmutation covellite colour glaze, method of preparation and use
Technical field
The invention belongs to ceramic manufacture field, and in particular to a kind of furnace transmutation glaze formula fired for light china, preparation Method and application method.
Background technology
When furnace transmutation glaze is that implements are burnt till in kiln, due to containing a variety of pigmentation elements in kiln, oxidized or reduction goes out Unexpected glaze colours effect is presented after kiln.Traditional furnace transmutation glaze is burnt till for high temperature, and firing temperature is burnt till more than 1200 DEG C Time, its firing temperature was high, the time is long, and energy loss is big mostly at 12 more than hour, caused cost high and not environmentally;And show There is the glazing effect of lightweight white clouds pottery furnace transmutation glaze single, kind dullness, it is impossible to cater to the consumer demand of different individual characteies.
To solve the above problems, the patent of invention of Patent No. 201110133469.9 discloses a kind of Transmutation glaze white cloud ceramics And its manufacture craft, this kind of Transmutation glaze white cloud ceramics, including white clouds greenwave body and impose on white clouds pottery billet surface on glaze layer, should Glaze layer include directly apply white clouds make pottery billet surface ground-coat enamel and impose on the cover-coat enamel on ground-coat enamel face;The each component of ground-coat enamel includes low temperature Lead free soldering, coloring oxide, calcium carbonate, alkaline earth metal compound, part kaolin;The each component of the cover-coat enamel is by weight ratio For low-temperature lead-free frit, part zinc oxide, part titanium oxide, coloring oxide, part kaolin.The firing temperature of this kind of furnace transmutation glaze, which is appointed, to be needed Between 1080-1100 DEG C, the glazed surface burnt out forms naturally crystallization flower.With constantly carrying for people's living standard Height, is also continually changing to aesthetic diversified demand, if it is low to develop a kind of firing temperature, with being different from traditional transmutation effect The glaze of fruit, can meet aesthetic diversified demand has positive meaning again.
The content of the invention
In order to solve deficiency of the prior art, the invention provides a kind of lightweight porcelain low temperature transmutation covellite colour glaze, system Standby and application method.
Lightweight porcelain low temperature transmutation covellite colour glaze, it is characterised in that
The glaze formula is as follows in parts by weight:30-40 parts of glass dust, 20-30 parts of boric acid, 10-15 parts of kaolin, 10-15 parts of sodium carbonate, 5-10 parts of basic copper carbonate, 3-8 parts of fluorite, 3-8 parts of ice crystal, bentonite 0-5.
Optimization, glaze formula is as follows in parts by weight:35 parts of glass dust, 28 parts of boric acid, 12 parts of kaolin, carbonic acid 12 parts of sodium, 5 parts of basic copper carbonate, 5 parts of fluorite, 3 parts of ice crystal.
Optimization, glaze formula is as follows in parts by weight:38 parts of glass dust, 21 parts of boric acid, 13 parts of kaolin, carbonic acid 14 parts of sodium, 7 parts of basic copper carbonate, 3 parts of fluorite, 4 parts of ice crystal.
Optimization, glaze formula is as follows in parts by weight:32 parts of glass dust, 25 parts of boric acid, 11 parts of kaolin, carbonic acid 15 parts of sodium, 6 parts of basic copper carbonate, 6 parts of fluorite, 5 parts of ice crystal.
Optimization, glaze formula is as follows in parts by weight:40 parts of glass dust, 20 parts of boric acid, 14 parts of kaolin, carbonic acid 13 parts of sodium, 4 parts of basic copper carbonate, 8 parts of fluorite, 3 parts of ice crystal.
The preparation method of lightweight porcelain low temperature transmutation covellite colour glaze, it is characterised in that comprise the following steps:
Step one, according to glaze formula weighing and proportioning, by glass dust, boric acid, kaolin, sodium carbonate, basic copper carbonate, firefly Stone, ice crystal are put into ball grinder, and add 40-50% water;
Step 2, ball milling is after 12-18 hours, if glaze slip precipitation adds bentonite;
Step 3, the glaze sieving that step 2 is obtained is stand-by, and transmutation covellite colour glaze is made.
Further, the glaze in step 3 crosses 200 mesh sieves.
The application method of lightweight porcelain low temperature transmutation covellite colour glaze, it is characterised in that comprise the following steps:
Step 1, light ceramics base substrate is prepared;
Step 2, transmutation covellite colour glaze is imposed on light ceramics base substrate, placed 5-10 hours;
Step 3, there is the ceramic body of transmutation covellite colour glaze to be put into oxidizing flame in kiln by to fire, firing temperature exists Between 980 DEG C -1060 DEG C.
Further, the enameling method in step 2 is leaching glaze or glaze spraying.
Further, in step 3, ceramic body enters after kiln, and kiln is brought rapidly up to firing temperature, naturally cold after burning till But.
Seen from the above description, the lightweight porcelain low temperature transmutation covellite colour glaze of the invention provided, method of preparation and use, tool Have the advantages that:One is that glaze cost is low, used raw material is all readily available, and manufacture craft is simple;Two are It is easy to use, only need to be in billet surface last layer glaze without ground-coat enamel using this kind of low temperature transmutation covellite colour glaze;Three are Firing temperature is low, and transmutation effect can be achieved between only needing to 980 DEG C -1060 DEG C in the firing temperature of this kind of transmutation covellite colour glaze Really, the energy is saved;Four be that, with unique artistic feeling, the glazing effect that this kind of transmutation covellite colour glaze is burnt out has covellite The background color of color, uniformly distributed irregular black splotch, the size of black splotch and respectively density are according to pottery on background color Porcelain type and glazing thickness and change, with unique artistic effect;The porcelain made using this kind of glaze improves product shelves Secondary and selling price, with higher economic value;Other this kind of glaze can produce with bulk industrial, can Rapid Popularization, make With simple, commercially with stronger competitiveness.
Embodiment
In order to be better understood from technical scheme, the embodiment that the present invention is provided is described below in detail.
Lightweight porcelain low temperature transmutation covellite colour glaze, it is as follows in parts by weight:Glaze formula is as follows in parts by weight:Glass 30-40 parts of glass powder, 20-30 parts of boric acid, 10-15 parts of kaolin, 10-15 parts of sodium carbonate, 5-10 parts of basic copper carbonate, fluorite 3-8 Part, 3-8 parts of ice crystal, bentonite 0-5.
Specific embodiment one:
Glaze formula is as follows in parts by weight:35 parts of glass dust, 28 parts of boric acid, 12 parts of kaolin, 12 parts of sodium carbonate, alkali 5 parts of formula copper carbonate, 5 parts of fluorite, 3 parts of ice crystal.
The preparation method of above-mentioned lightweight porcelain low temperature transmutation covellite colour glaze, comprises the following steps:
Step one, according to glaze formula weighing and proportioning, by glass dust, boric acid, kaolin, sodium carbonate, basic copper carbonate, firefly Stone, ice crystal are put into ball grinder, and add 50% water;
Step 2, ball milling is after 16 hours, if glaze slip precipitation adds bentonite;
Step 3, crosses 200 mesh sieves by the glaze that step 2 is obtained stand-by, transmutation covellite colour glaze is made.
The application method of lightweight porcelain low temperature transmutation covellite colour glaze, it is characterised in that comprise the following steps:
Step 1, light ceramics base substrate is prepared;
Step 2, transmutation covellite colour glaze is imposed on light ceramics base substrate, placed 8 hours, enameling method is leaching glaze or spray Glaze;
Step 3, there is the ceramic body of transmutation covellite colour glaze to be put into oxidizing flame in kiln by to fire, firing temperature exists Between 980 DEG C -1060 DEG C, ceramic body enters after kiln, and kiln is brought rapidly up to firing temperature, burns till rear natural cooling.
Specific embodiment two:
Glaze formula is as follows in parts by weight:38 parts of glass dust, 21 parts of boric acid, 13 parts of kaolin, 14 parts of sodium carbonate, alkali 7 parts of formula copper carbonate, 3 parts of fluorite, 4 parts of ice crystal.
Specific embodiment three:
Glaze formula is as follows in parts by weight:32 parts of glass dust, 25 parts of boric acid, 11 parts of kaolin, 15 parts of sodium carbonate, alkali 6 parts of formula copper carbonate, 6 parts of fluorite, 5 parts of ice crystal.
Specific embodiment four:
Glaze formula is as follows in parts by weight:40 parts of glass dust, 20 parts of boric acid, 14 parts of kaolin, 13 parts of sodium carbonate, alkali 4 parts of formula copper carbonate, 8 parts of fluorite, 3 parts of ice crystal.
The preparation method of lightweight porcelain low temperature transmutation covellite colour glaze described in specific embodiment two to four, including following step Suddenly:
Step one, according to glaze formula weighing and proportioning, by glass dust, boric acid, kaolin, sodium carbonate, basic copper carbonate, firefly Stone, ice crystal are put into ball grinder, and add 40-50% water;
Step 2, ball milling is after 12-18 hours, if glaze slip precipitation adds bentonite;
Step 3, crosses 200 mesh sieves by the glaze that step 2 is obtained stand-by, transmutation covellite colour glaze is made.
The application method of lightweight porcelain low temperature transmutation covellite colour glaze described in specific embodiment two to four, including following step Suddenly:
Step 1, light ceramics base substrate is prepared;
Step 2, transmutation covellite colour glaze is imposed on light ceramics base substrate, placed 5-10 hours, enameling method is leaching glaze Or glaze spraying;
Step 3, there is the ceramic body of transmutation covellite colour glaze to be put into oxidizing flame in kiln by to fire, firing temperature exists Between 980 DEG C -1060 DEG C, ceramic body enters after kiln, and kiln is brought rapidly up to firing temperature, burns till rear natural cooling.
Above-mentioned lightweight porcelain low temperature transmutation covellite colour glaze, method of preparation and use, glaze cost is low, used raw material all It is readily available, and manufacture craft is simple;It is easy to use, only need to be in base without ground-coat enamel using this kind of low temperature transmutation covellite color glaze Body surface face last layer glaze;Firing temperature is low, and the firing temperature of this kind of transmutation covellite colour glaze only needs to 980 DEG C -1060 Transmutation effect can be achieved between DEG C, the energy is saved;With unique artistic feeling, what this kind of transmutation covellite colour glaze was burnt out Glazing effect has the background color of covellite color, and irregular black splotch, the size of black splotch are uniformly distributed on background color Density changes according to ceramic type and glazing thickness respectively, with unique artistic effect;
The porcelain made using this kind of glaze improves product specification and selling price, with higher economic value;Separately Outer this kind of glaze can produce with bulk industrial, can Rapid Popularization, using simple, commercially with stronger competitiveness.
It is described above, only present pre-ferred embodiments, therefore the scope that the present invention is implemented can not be limited with this, i.e., according to The equivalent changes and modifications that scope of the present invention patent and description are made, all should still belong to the model that patent of the present invention covers In enclosing.

Claims (8)

1. lightweight porcelain low temperature transmutation covellite colour glaze, it is characterised in that
The glaze formula is as follows in parts by weight:30-40 parts of glass dust, 20-30 parts of boric acid, 10-15 parts of kaolin, carbonic acid 10-15 parts of sodium, 5-10 parts of basic copper carbonate, 3-8 parts of fluorite, 3-8 parts of ice crystal, bentonite 0-5.
2. lightweight porcelain low temperature transmutation covellite colour glaze according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the glaze formula according to Parts by weight meter is as follows:35 parts of glass dust, 28 parts of boric acid, 12 parts of kaolin, 12 parts of sodium carbonate, 5 parts of basic copper carbonate, fluorite 5 Part, 3 parts of ice crystal.
3. lightweight porcelain low temperature transmutation covellite colour glaze according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the glaze formula according to Parts by weight meter is as follows:38 parts of glass dust, 21 parts of boric acid, 13 parts of kaolin, 14 parts of sodium carbonate, 7 parts of basic copper carbonate, fluorite 3 Part, 4 parts of ice crystal.
4. lightweight porcelain low temperature transmutation covellite colour glaze according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the glaze formula according to Parts by weight meter is as follows:32 parts of glass dust, 25 parts of boric acid, 11 parts of kaolin, 15 parts of sodium carbonate, 6 parts of basic copper carbonate, fluorite 6 Part, 5 parts of ice crystal.
5. lightweight porcelain low temperature transmutation covellite colour glaze according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the glaze formula according to Parts by weight meter is as follows:40 parts of glass dust, 20 parts of boric acid, 14 parts of kaolin, 13 parts of sodium carbonate, 4 parts of basic copper carbonate, fluorite 8 Part, 3 parts of ice crystal.
6. the application method of the lightweight porcelain low temperature transmutation covellite colour glaze according to claim 1 to 5 any one, its feature It is, comprises the following steps:
Step 1, light ceramics base substrate is prepared;
Step 2, transmutation covellite colour glaze is imposed on light ceramics base substrate, placed 5-10 hours;
Step 3, there is the ceramic body of transmutation covellite colour glaze to be put into kiln oxidizing flame by to fire, firing temperature 980 DEG C- Between 1060 DEG C.
7. the application method of lightweight porcelain low temperature transmutation covellite colour glaze according to claim 6, it is characterised in that:The step Enameling method in 2 is leaching glaze or glaze spraying.
8. the application method of lightweight porcelain low temperature transmutation covellite colour glaze according to claim 7, it is characterised in that:The step In 3, ceramic body enters after kiln, and kiln is brought rapidly up to firing temperature, burns till rear natural cooling.
CN201510534458.XA 2015-08-27 2015-08-27 Lightweight porcelain low temperature transmutation covellite colour glaze, method of preparation and use Active CN105130191B (en)

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CN106565092A (en) * 2016-08-31 2017-04-19 福建省德化县臻晖陶瓷有限公司 Lightweight low-temperature fancy golden silk white glazed porcelain and manufacturing process

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CN1440944A (en) * 2003-04-04 2003-09-10 张连峰 Prepn of bake-free glaze
CN103601534A (en) * 2013-10-11 2014-02-26 福建省泉州龙鹏集团有限公司 High-whiteness under-glaze colorful low-temperature ceramic and preparation method thereof
CN103964900B (en) * 2014-05-12 2015-10-21 成都朋和科技有限公司 A kind of sky blue furnace transmutation glaze formula and preparation method thereof
CN104261884A (en) * 2014-09-22 2015-01-07 广西北流仲礼瓷业有限公司 Ceramic glaze fired at ultralow temperature and preparation method of ceramic glaze

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