CN105103913A - Double-row staggered planting method for potato - Google Patents

Double-row staggered planting method for potato Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105103913A
CN105103913A CN201510570528.7A CN201510570528A CN105103913A CN 105103913 A CN105103913 A CN 105103913A CN 201510570528 A CN201510570528 A CN 201510570528A CN 105103913 A CN105103913 A CN 105103913A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
potato
sowing
implantation methods
interlocks
potatoes
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201510570528.7A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
韩昕君
赵丽娜
纪学伟
谭新爱
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Dayu Water Saving Tianjin Co Ltd
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Dayu Water Saving Tianjin Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Dayu Water Saving Tianjin Co Ltd filed Critical Dayu Water Saving Tianjin Co Ltd
Priority to CN201510570528.7A priority Critical patent/CN105103913A/en
Publication of CN105103913A publication Critical patent/CN105103913A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for

Abstract

The invention provides a double-row staggered planting method for potatoes. A seeding method of the potatoes is staggered sowing between lines. A staggered sowing method between lines is used to sow potatoes. The sowing position of a single plant on each row is on the middle position of two adjacent plants on an adjacent row. A method of planting on a ridge is used, two rows of potatoes are planted on each ridge. Beneficial effects of the method are that through the staggered planting method among plants, density and yield of potatoes on unit area land are increased, commodity potato rate is improved, line spacing between potatoes is indirectly increased, and interspecific competition is reduced.

Description

The duplicate rows of a kind of potato interlocks implantation methods
Technical field
The invention belongs to field of agricultural cultivation, be specifically related to a kind of potato duplicate rows and interlock implantation methods.
Background technology
Potato is the third-largest important cereal crops in the whole world, is only second to wheat and maize.Potato is also known as potato, potato, foreign sweet potato etc., with wheat, corn, paddy, Chinese sorghum become the large crop in the world five, within 2015, China will start potato staple food grainization strategy, advance and Potato ring rot bacteria is become the staple foods such as steamed bun, noodles, ground rice, the another staple food grain that potato will become outside rice, wheat, corn.
The yield composition of potato is subject to the impact of density largely, along with the increase per mu yield of potato sowing density is also in increase gradually, but single stem tuber weight then reduces along with the increase of density, in order to make between potato fields in the nondecreasing situation of total plant quantity, layout adopt density combine, its line-spacing of indirect prolongation, improve base portion ventilation and penetrating light, improve the photosynthetic efficiency of potato, to reach the object of volume increase and raising potato commodity potato rate, be at present to the direction of implantation methods research between potato fields.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is the density in order to improve unit are potato and output, improving commodity potato rate, being interlocked by potato on a ridge duplicate rows and put the method for sowing, indirectly increase the line-spacing between potato, reduce the competition between planting.
Technical scheme of the present invention is achieved in that the duplicate rows of a kind of potato interlocks implantation methods, and the sowing of potato adopts sowing alternating bands mode in the ranks, often goes the sowing position of upper single plant to be positioned at the middle part of adjacent two plant in adjacent lines.
As preferably, adopt the mode that ridge is planted, each ridge is planted 2 row potatos.
As preferably, ridge height is 20cm, and line-spacing is 60cm, and spacing in the rows is 25cm.
As preferably, the potato sowing time is that early or mid March or 10cm ground temperature are when being stabilized in 7-8 DEG C.
As preferably, to use base manure before potato sowing be nitrogen phosphoris and potassium fertilizer ratio is composite fertilizer and the potassium sulfate of 15:10:20, and composite fertilizer's fertilizing amount is 1500kg/hm 2, potassium sulfate fertilizing amount is 600kg/hm 2.
Relative to prior art, the duplicate rows of a kind of potato of the present invention replaces implantation methods, by the improvement to seeding method during sowing, by irregular type of seeding, change into alternately type of seeding between planting, line-spacing between indirect increase potato, reduce the competition between planting, significantly improve the ventilation and penetrating light between potato fields, improve the photosynthesis of potato leaf, the output of potato on average improves 8.6%, and commodity potato rate improves 11.0%.
Accompanying drawing explanation
The accompanying drawing forming a part of the present invention is used to provide a further understanding of the present invention, and schematic description and description of the present invention, for explaining the present invention, does not form inappropriate limitation of the present invention.In the accompanying drawings:
Fig. 1 is the schematic diagram of the implantation methods of traditional potato;
Fig. 2 is the schematic diagram of potato seed method for planting of the present invention.
Accompanying drawing illustrates:
1-kind plant, 2-kind plants row.
Specific implementation method
Below in conjunction with instantiation, set forth the present invention further.These examples are only not used in for illustration of the present invention and limit the scope of the invention.
Embodiment one
Selection of land and whole: select that physical features is smooth, soil layer is deep, the soil is porous, permeability is good, the content of organic matter is enriched, near water source, irrigation and drainage facilitate and be conducive to the soil of mechanical work, whole ground tilling depth 30-35cm, turn over rear fertilising to rake, accomplish Horizon, soil is thin, excess in the upper and deficiency in the lower, loose soil moisture conservation, ridge height 20cm.
Select the detoxification kind of high yield improved seeds: the potato seed selected is placed on the indoor with scattered light condition, 12-15 DEG C of vernalization, stripping and slicing sowing is carried out as the long 1-1.5cm of bud, carry out disinfection with the alcohol of 75% or 0.5% potassium permanganate disinfection solution during potato seed stripping and slicing, ensure that each potato block has 1-2 eye, potato block weight is not less than 30g.
Sowing: the time of potato sowing is the first tenday period of a month in three months, can sow when soil 10cm ground temperature is stabilized in 7-8 DEG C, sowing depth is 8-10cm,, an adjacent rows potato seed intersection plantation on ridge, line-spacing 60cm, spacing in the rows 25cm, by that analogy, make often to go the sowing position of branch plant to be positioned at the middle part of adjacent two plant in adjacent lines, weed killer herbicide is played and spreading after broadcasting, this kind of type of seeding can ensure original planting density or suitably increase on the basis of density, and adjustment increases the distance of potato seed in the ranks, thus improves commodity potato rate.
Field management: look into seedling after seedling all sprouts in time and fill the gaps with seedlings, 2-3 intertillage is carried out in whole breeding time, cultivation and banking time first time is at height of seedling 6cm, this phase sobole is not yet formed, can rationally deeply intertill, second time cultivation and banking is carried out after 10 days, third time carried out in conjunction with ridging in squaring period, rationally can carry out shallow intertillage, in order to avoid hinder stolon, and in conjunction with cultivation uproot, pull out disease plant, cultivation and banking is carried out when watering, not on hollow billet under earth culture to film, potato only executes a base manure whole breeding time, when fertilizing method is rotary tillage, base is executed, tuber expansion period sprays foliage fertilizer again, and note the control to potato virus disease.
The composite fertilizer of base manure to be nitrogen phosphoris and potassium fertilizer ratio be 15:10:20, fertilizing amount is 1500kg/hm 2, using potassium sulfate is 600kg/hm 2.
Comparative example
The seeding method of comparative example adopts conventional seed planting mode, and namely on the spacing in the rows basis of the first row sowing, it is identical that the spacing in the rows that the second row and other row are sowed and the first row sow spacing in the rows, and parallel with the sowing plant of the first row, and other field management are with embodiment one.
As can be seen from Table 1, the planting patterns of embodiment 1 is in photosynthetic utilization, and namely maximum leaf area index and maximum net photosynthetic rate are better than conventional seed planting mode, improve photosynthetic capacity, output improves 8.6% than conventional seed planting mode, and benefit adds 14%.
Table 1 two kinds of seeding method contrast tables
The foregoing is only preferred embodiment of the present invention, not in order to limit the present invention, within the spirit and principles in the present invention all, any amendment done, equivalent replacement, improvement etc., all should be included within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (5)

1. potato duplicate rows interlocks an implantation methods, it is characterized in that: the sowing of potato adopts sowing alternating bands mode in the ranks, often goes the sowing position of upper single plant to be positioned at the middle part of adjacent two plant in adjacent lines.
2. potato duplicate rows according to claim 1 interlocks implantation methods, it is characterized in that: adopt the mode that ridge is planted, each ridge is planted 2 row potatos.
3. potato duplicate rows according to claim 2 interlocks implantation methods, it is characterized in that: ridge height is 20cm, and line-spacing is 60cm, and spacing in the rows is 25cm.
4. the potato duplicate rows according to any one of claim 1-3 interlocks implantation methods, it is characterized in that: the potato sowing time is that early or mid March or 10cm ground temperature are when being stabilized in 7-8 DEG C.
5. potato duplicate rows according to claim 4 interlocks implantation methods, it is characterized in that: to use base manure before potato sowing be nitrogen phosphoris and potassium fertilizer ratio is composite fertilizer and the potassium sulfate of 15:10:20, and composite fertilizer's fertilizing amount is 1500kg/hm 2, potassium sulfate fertilizing amount is 600kg/hm 2.
CN201510570528.7A 2015-09-08 2015-09-08 Double-row staggered planting method for potato Pending CN105103913A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510570528.7A CN105103913A (en) 2015-09-08 2015-09-08 Double-row staggered planting method for potato

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510570528.7A CN105103913A (en) 2015-09-08 2015-09-08 Double-row staggered planting method for potato

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN105103913A true CN105103913A (en) 2015-12-02

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105960976A (en) * 2016-05-05 2016-09-28 甘肃凯凯农业科技发展股份有限公司 Early sowing potato planting method
CN109169095A (en) * 2018-09-06 2019-01-11 刘玉琴 A kind of potato planting method

Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101091434A (en) * 2006-06-23 2007-12-26 王万丽 Method for planting spring seeding potato
CN101878716A (en) * 2010-06-25 2010-11-10 内蒙古农业大学 Potato infiltrating irrigation growing method
CN102090253A (en) * 2010-11-16 2011-06-15 张传军 Technology for cultivating potatoes by mulching straw and covering film
CN102150526A (en) * 2010-12-01 2011-08-17 广西壮族自治区农业技术推广总站 Planting method for improving production environment of potatoes
CN103190261A (en) * 2013-02-26 2013-07-10 内蒙古农业大学 Mulching method for dry-farmed potatoes
CN103250546A (en) * 2013-06-07 2013-08-21 云南省农业科学院经济作物研究所 Large-ridge and double-line under-film drip-irrigation water-saving cultivation method of winter and early spring potatoes
CN104521464A (en) * 2014-11-19 2015-04-22 大禹节水(天津)有限公司 Potato drip irrigation planting method
CN104663226A (en) * 2015-03-12 2015-06-03 广西壮族自治区农业科学院经济作物研究所 Cold-proof drought-resistant cultivation method for potatoes

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101091434A (en) * 2006-06-23 2007-12-26 王万丽 Method for planting spring seeding potato
CN101878716A (en) * 2010-06-25 2010-11-10 内蒙古农业大学 Potato infiltrating irrigation growing method
CN102090253A (en) * 2010-11-16 2011-06-15 张传军 Technology for cultivating potatoes by mulching straw and covering film
CN102150526A (en) * 2010-12-01 2011-08-17 广西壮族自治区农业技术推广总站 Planting method for improving production environment of potatoes
CN103190261A (en) * 2013-02-26 2013-07-10 内蒙古农业大学 Mulching method for dry-farmed potatoes
CN103250546A (en) * 2013-06-07 2013-08-21 云南省农业科学院经济作物研究所 Large-ridge and double-line under-film drip-irrigation water-saving cultivation method of winter and early spring potatoes
CN104521464A (en) * 2014-11-19 2015-04-22 大禹节水(天津)有限公司 Potato drip irrigation planting method
CN104663226A (en) * 2015-03-12 2015-06-03 广西壮族自治区农业科学院经济作物研究所 Cold-proof drought-resistant cultivation method for potatoes

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105960976A (en) * 2016-05-05 2016-09-28 甘肃凯凯农业科技发展股份有限公司 Early sowing potato planting method
CN109169095A (en) * 2018-09-06 2019-01-11 刘玉琴 A kind of potato planting method

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Application publication date: 20151202