CN105027738A - Towel gourd seed treatment method ensuring high germination rate - Google Patents

Towel gourd seed treatment method ensuring high germination rate Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105027738A
CN105027738A CN201510538794.1A CN201510538794A CN105027738A CN 105027738 A CN105027738 A CN 105027738A CN 201510538794 A CN201510538794 A CN 201510538794A CN 105027738 A CN105027738 A CN 105027738A
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China
Prior art keywords
seed
parts
sponge gourd
chinese medicine
seeds
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CN201510538794.1A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
范传红
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Guzhen Chuanhong Family Farm
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Guzhen Chuanhong Family Farm
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Priority to CN201510538794.1A priority Critical patent/CN105027738A/en
Publication of CN105027738A publication Critical patent/CN105027738A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention discloses a towel gourd seed treatment method ensuring a high germination rate. The towel gourd seed treatment method comprises the following steps: firstly selecting full seeds, removing impurities and low-quality seeds, heating by a steamer for 10min; then soaking the treated seeds in traditional Chinese medicine liquid A at constant temperature for 2d, and freezing for 10h; taking one part of the towel gourd seeds, and uniformly mixing with 2 parts of plant ash, 0.5 part of clean silver sand, 0.05 part of amino-oligosaccharin, 0.01 part of azoxystrobin, 0.1 part of alpha-pimacol, and 0.08 part of indolebutyric acid based on volume, and placing the mixture on a seedbed with Chinese medicine residue B for bud forcing treatment, and when 96% of the seeds sprout after 30h, finishing the bud forcing treatment. With the adoption of the method, the bacteria carried by the seeds can be killed, the disease resistance during the growing period can be enhanced, early-maturing and yield increase are realized, and meanwhile, the eating mouthfeel of towel gourd can be enhanced, and the nutritional ingredients are improved.

Description

A kind of sponge gourd seed high germination rate processing method
Technical field
What the present invention relates to is field of agricultural cultivation, and what be specifically related to is a kind of sponge gourd seed high germination rate processing method.
Background technology
Spring is when planting sponge gourd, because temperature, ground temperature are lower, and sponge gourd emergence difficult, also can macerate seed when running into successive cloudy days or cold current, be difficult to save seedling from damage, because sponge gourd seed coat is thicker, first should carry out presoaking and germinating before sowing, in order to water spinach comes into the market in advance, and bring income, so just vernalization is carried out to seed in spring, promote seed fast germination, pre-preventing disease and pest, strengthen rice shoot resistance and enhancing development, just vernalization process is carried out to seed, the time of saving more live than routine before sowing.
Summary of the invention
A kind of sponge gourd seed high germination rate processing method, comprises the following steps:
(1) select the seed of full seed to remove impurity, mould seed, rotten seed, flat seed, be placed on food steamer and heat 45-50 DEG C, relative temperature 70-80%, process 10min;
(2) first soak with the herb liquid A of 80 DEG C, limit bevelling stirs, and when herb liquid is down to 28 DEG C, soaks 2 days, control water, and epidermis is air-dry;
(3) sponge gourd seed is placed on the freezer storage 10h of-5-0 DEG C;
(4) by weight calculating, get 1 part, sponge gourd seed, ash 2 parts, clean fine sand 0.5 part, amino-oligosaccharide 0.005 part, Fluoxastrobin 0.001 part, α-naphthaleneacidsodium 0.001 part, indolebutyric acid 0.008 part are mixed, and obtain sponge gourd seed mix;
(5) Chinese medicine slag B pad is layered on seedbed, sponge gourd seed mix is evenly paved on Chinese medicine slag B, covers straw mat above, sprinkle water drenched to seedbed, carry out vernalization; Keeping seed required moisture and nutrition in the process of germinateing, promoting sponge gourd seed fast germination, the mechanism tissue of seed can be sent, impel the nutrition of sponge gourd abundanter.
Further, the herb liquid A described in step (2) by common nandina fruit 3 parts, the fruit of Rangoon creeper 1 part, take root 4 parts, kaladana 1 part, kitchen garden 1 part, boil with 100 parts, water, after filtration 30 parts of herb liquid A.
Further, the Chinese medicine slag B described in step (5) by common nandina fruit 3 parts, the fruit of Rangoon creeper 1 part, take root 4 parts, kaladana 1 part, kitchen garden 1 part, boil with 100 parts, water, after filtration after herb liquid A, the Chinese medicine slag B of gained.
Take root: micro-acid, puckery, cool.Detumescence, promoting blood circulation and stopping pain, removing toxic substances and promoting tissue regeneration.Outer for carbuncle sore tumefacting virus, acute mastitis, erysipelas, tympanitis, mumps, traumatism and bleeding, traumatic injury, fracture, burn.[strong medicine] treatment is burnt and is scalded, carbuncle pyogenic infections from tumour or sore.
Beneficial effect of the present invention: sponge gourd seed is nursery or live again after vernalization process, and bud ratio reaches 96%, can kill seed-borne fungi, strengthen the disease resistance in vegetative period, there is precocious volume increase, the eating mouth feel of sponge gourd can also be strengthened, improve mechanism tissue, improve nutrient component.
Embodiment
A kind of sponge gourd seed high germination rate processing method, comprises the following steps:
(1) select the seed of full seed to remove impurity, mould seed, rotten seed, flat seed, be placed on food steamer and heat 45-50 DEG C, relative temperature 70-80%, process 10min;
(2) first soak with the herb liquid A of 80 DEG C, limit bevelling stirs, and when herb liquid is down to 28 DEG C, soaks 2 days, control water, and epidermis is air-dry;
(3) sponge gourd seed is placed on the freezer storage 10h of-5-0 DEG C;
(4) by weight calculating, get 1 part, sponge gourd seed, ash 2 parts, clean fine sand 0.5 part, amino-oligosaccharide 0.005 part, Fluoxastrobin 0.001 part, α-naphthaleneacidsodium 0.001 part, indolebutyric acid 0.008 part are mixed, and obtain sponge gourd seed mix, promote long, increase percentage of fertile fruit;
(5) Chinese medicine slag B pad is layered on seedbed, sponge gourd seed mix is evenly paved on Chinese medicine slag B, cover straw mat above, watering is drenched to seedbed, and after 30h, seed has 96% to show money or valuables one carries unintentionally, and vernalization completes, keeping seed required moisture and nutrition in the process of germinateing, promote sponge gourd seed fast germination, the mechanism tissue of seed can be sent, impel the nutrition of sponge gourd abundanter.
Further, the herb liquid A described in step (2) by common nandina fruit 3 parts, the fruit of Rangoon creeper 1 part, take root 4 parts, kaladana 1 part, kitchen garden 1 part, boil with 100 parts, water, after filtration 30 parts of herb liquid A.
Further, the Chinese medicine slag B described in step (5) by common nandina fruit 3 parts, the fruit of Rangoon creeper 1 part, take root 4 parts, kaladana 1 part, kitchen garden 1 part, boil with 100 parts, water, after filtration after herb liquid A, the Chinese medicine slag B of gained.
Use processing method of the present invention to carry out sponge gourd seedling growth test, control group is set, plants after process.
Control group 1 makes with the following method:
A kind of sponge gourd seed high germination rate processing method, comprises the following steps:
(1) select the seed of full seed to remove impurity, mould seed, rotten seed, flat seed, be placed on food steamer and heat 45-50 DEG C, relative temperature 70-80%, process 10min;
(2) first soak with the herb liquid A of 80 DEG C, limit bevelling stirs, and when herb liquid is down to 28 DEG C, soaks 2 days, control water, and epidermis is air-dry;
(3) sponge gourd seed is placed on the freezer storage 10h of-5-0 DEG C;
(4) Chinese medicine slag B pad is layered on seedbed, sponge gourd seed is evenly paved on Chinese medicine slag B, covers straw mat above, sprinkle water drenched to seedbed, carry out vernalization;
Further, the herb liquid A described in step (2) by common nandina fruit 3 parts, the fruit of Rangoon creeper 1 part, take root 4 parts, kaladana 1 part, kitchen garden 1 part, boil with 100 parts, water, after filtration 30 parts of herb liquid A.
Further, the Chinese medicine slag B described in step (4) by common nandina fruit 3 parts, the fruit of Rangoon creeper 1 part, take root 4 parts, kaladana 1 part, kitchen garden 1 part, boil with 100 parts, water, after filtration after herb liquid A, the Chinese medicine slag B of gained.
Contrast groups 2 uses following methods:
A kind of sponge gourd seed high germination rate processing method, comprises the following steps:
(1) select the seed of full seed to remove impurity, mould seed, rotten seed, flat seed, be placed on food steamer and heat 45-50 DEG C, relative temperature 70-80%, process 10min;
(2) first soak with the water of 80 DEG C, limit bevelling stirs, and when water temperature is down to 28 DEG C, soaks 2 days, control water, and epidermis is air-dry;
(3) sponge gourd seed is placed on the freezer storage 10h of-5-0 DEG C;
(4) by weight calculating, get 1 part, sponge gourd seed, ash 2 parts, clean fine sand 0.5 part, amino-oligosaccharide 0.005 part, Fluoxastrobin 0.001 part, α-naphthaleneacidsodium 0.001 part, indolebutyric acid 0.008 part are mixed, and obtain sponge gourd seed mix;
(5) Chinese medicine slag B pad is layered on seedbed, sponge gourd seed mix is evenly paved on Chinese medicine slag B, covers straw mat above, sprinkle water drenched to seedbed, carry out vernalization;
Further, the Chinese medicine slag B described in step (5) by common nandina fruit 3 parts, the fruit of Rangoon creeper 1 part, take root 4 parts, kaladana 1 part, kitchen garden 1 part, boil with 100 parts, water, after filtration after herb liquid A, the Chinese medicine slag B of gained.
Control group 3 uses following methods:
A kind of sponge gourd seed high germination rate processing method, comprises the following steps:
(1) select the seed of full seed to remove impurity, mould seed, rotten seed, flat seed, be placed on food steamer and heat 45-50 DEG C, relative temperature 70-80%, process 10min;
(2) first soak with the herb liquid A of 80 DEG C, limit bevelling stirs, and when herb liquid is down to 28 DEG C, soaks 2 days, control water, and epidermis is air-dry;
(3) sponge gourd seed is placed on the freezer storage 10h of-5-0 DEG C;
(4) by weight calculating, get 1 part, sponge gourd seed, ash 2 parts, clean fine sand 0.5 part, amino-oligosaccharide 0.005 part, Fluoxastrobin 0.001 part, α-naphthaleneacidsodium 0.001 part, indolebutyric acid 0.008 part are mixed, and obtain sponge gourd seed mix;
(5) sponge gourd seed mix is evenly paved on bamboo mat, cover straw mat above, sprinkle water drenched to seedbed, carry out vernalization; Further, the herb liquid A described in step (2) by common nandina fruit 3 parts, the fruit of Rangoon creeper 1 part, take root 4 parts, kaladana 1 part, kitchen garden 1 part, boil with 100 parts, water, after filtration 30 parts of herb liquid A.
Experiment 1 result of the test at temperature is 18-28 DEG C is as follows:
Test promoter Seed amount (grain) Sprout quantity (grain) Germination rate (%) 80% seed germination time (my god)
Method of the present invention 1000 986 98.6 4.2
Conventional method 1000 842 84.2 5.1
The method of contrast groups 1 1000 835 83.5 4.6
The method of contrast groups 2 1000 915 91.5 5.4
The method of contrast groups 3 1000 924 92.4 4.5
Table 1
As shown in Table 1, processing method of the present invention can promote the germination rate of sponge gourd seed, shortens the time of sprouting, and proportioning of the present invention is comparatively reasonable simultaneously.

Claims (1)

1. a sponge gourd seed high germination rate processing method, is characterized in that, comprise the following steps:
(1) select the seed of full seed to remove impurity, mould seed, rotten seed, flat seed, be placed on food steamer and heat 45-50 DEG C, relative temperature 70-80%, process 10min;
(2) first soak with the herb liquid A of 80 DEG C, limit bevelling stirs, and when herb liquid is down to 28 DEG C, soaks 2 days, control water, and epidermis is air-dry;
(3) sponge gourd seed is placed on the freezer storage 10h of-5-0 DEG C;
(4) by weight calculating, get 1 part, sponge gourd seed, ash 2 parts, clean fine sand 0.5 part, amino-oligosaccharide 0.005 part, Fluoxastrobin 0.001 part, α-naphthaleneacidsodium 0.001 part, indolebutyric acid 0.008 part are mixed, and obtain sponge gourd seed mix;
(5) Chinese medicine slag B pad is layered on seedbed, sponge gourd seed mix is evenly paved on Chinese medicine slag B, covers straw mat above, sprinkle water drenched to seedbed, carry out vernalization;
Herb liquid A described in described step (2) by common nandina fruit 3 parts, the fruit of Rangoon creeper 1 part, take root 4 parts, kaladana 1 part, kitchen garden 1 part, boil with 100 parts, water, after filtration 30 parts of herb liquid A;
Chinese medicine slag B described in described step (5) by common nandina fruit 3 parts, the fruit of Rangoon creeper 1 part, take root 4 parts, kaladana 1 part, kitchen garden 1 part, boil with 100 parts, water, after filtration after herb liquid A, the Chinese medicine slag B of gained.
CN201510538794.1A 2015-08-29 2015-08-29 Towel gourd seed treatment method ensuring high germination rate Pending CN105027738A (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN115104612A (en) * 2021-08-24 2022-09-27 汝阳自强生物科技有限公司 Granular formulation for treating melon wilt and preparation method and application thereof

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO1997008938A1 (en) * 1995-09-05 1997-03-13 Mukoyama Orchids Ltd. Support for plant culture and method for plant growth
CN1530013A (en) * 2003-03-10 2004-09-22 广东省农业科学院蔬菜研究所 Luffa seed germination agent and use thereof
CN102037843A (en) * 2009-10-19 2011-05-04 黄将 Method for planting summer towel gourds
CN103416187A (en) * 2013-07-23 2013-12-04 徐永康 Towel gourd cultivation method
CN103918426A (en) * 2014-03-20 2014-07-16 芜湖晋诚农业科技有限公司 High-yield planting method for towel gourds

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO1997008938A1 (en) * 1995-09-05 1997-03-13 Mukoyama Orchids Ltd. Support for plant culture and method for plant growth
CN1530013A (en) * 2003-03-10 2004-09-22 广东省农业科学院蔬菜研究所 Luffa seed germination agent and use thereof
CN102037843A (en) * 2009-10-19 2011-05-04 黄将 Method for planting summer towel gourds
CN103416187A (en) * 2013-07-23 2013-12-04 徐永康 Towel gourd cultivation method
CN103918426A (en) * 2014-03-20 2014-07-16 芜湖晋诚农业科技有限公司 High-yield planting method for towel gourds

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN115104612A (en) * 2021-08-24 2022-09-27 汝阳自强生物科技有限公司 Granular formulation for treating melon wilt and preparation method and application thereof
CN115104612B (en) * 2021-08-24 2023-10-27 汝阳自强生物科技有限公司 Granule for treating melon wilt and preparation method and application thereof

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