CN104839861B - A kind of shelling camellia seeds machine - Google Patents

A kind of shelling camellia seeds machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104839861B
CN104839861B CN201510283100.4A CN201510283100A CN104839861B CN 104839861 B CN104839861 B CN 104839861B CN 201510283100 A CN201510283100 A CN 201510283100A CN 104839861 B CN104839861 B CN 104839861B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
shelling
induced
support
draught fan
camellia seeds
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201510283100.4A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104839861A (en
Inventor
王毅
熊平原
王旭东
薛淼杰
吴阳佑
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Zhongkai University of Agriculture and Engineering
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Zhongkai University of Agriculture and Engineering
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Priority to CN201510283100.4A priority Critical patent/CN104839861B/en
Publication of CN104839861A publication Critical patent/CN104839861A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN104839861B publication Critical patent/CN104839861B/en
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Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of shelling camellia seeds machine, including support, shelling mechanism, induced-draught fan, sorting mechanism and vibrating mechanism, the support is provided with multiple axle beds;The shelling mechanism is fixed at the top of support, shelling mechanism includes feed hopper, the lower section of the feed hopper is provided with Kun, drum drive connects main shaft, main shaft is in the axle bed on support, and one end of main shaft is provided with belt pulley, the belt pulley is connected at the motor of frame bottom by belt transmission, the present invention handles residue by the way of suck-back broken shell, caused simultaneously using induced-draught fan and hair-dryer overall better excellent, it removes slag more efficient, and it is overall more simple in operation steps, will not be because equipment is excessively complicated and the phenomenon of maintenance difficult occurs, while whole installation buffer structure, the service life of equipment is also increased, corresponding noise is also under control, therefore relative to existing technology, the present invention has more preferable advantage and performance.

Description

A kind of shelling camellia seeds machine
Technical field
The present invention relates to agricultural equipment field, specifically a kind of shelling camellia seeds machine.
Background technology
Oil tea is the important woody edible oil material seeds of China, and benevolence oil content 45-60% is described as " soft gold in oil ". Oil tea Chinese olive is made up of shell and tea seed, and tea seed is made up of tea seed episperm and tea benevolence, and shell is free of grease, containing lignin, contracts penta more Sugar, tannin and saponin etc..The technological process that oil tea processing is extracted oil afterwards using first shelling, can substantially increase both production and value, obtain market general All over application.At present, most of peasant household is still using the shelling mode being exposed to the sun, and efficiency is low, labor intensity is big, existing shelling equipment stripping Shell rate is low, kernel removes not high rate, some hulling machine hulling rates or even only 50%, shelling camellia seeds machine Difficulty.It is now anxious A kind of peeling efficiency height need to be designed, breakage rate is low, take off a point shelling camellia seeds machine for one.
China Patent No. discloses a kind of oil tea Chinese olive hulling machine, including frame, motor, stripping for 201410755093.9 Housing apparatus, feeding mouth and screening plant, frame are included on cross tube frame, sheer pole frame and support feet, frame cross tube frame one end Side is provided with motor and peeling apparatus, and the output shaft end of motor side is arranged with one-level small belt pulley, and motor is located at Protective cover is arranged with the peeling apparatus side, motor and the peeling apparatus jointly, peeling apparatus includes upper and lower opening Housing and center shelling mechanism, housing upper end is seamless to be connected with feeding mouth, and feeding mouth includes case cover and material bin, housing Cover and material bin communicate to be tightly connected in the middle part of case cover and material bin, and enclosure interior is provided with housing interior axle, housing both sides It is respectively arranged with bearing block, bearing block and center shelling mechanism is installed.Although the hulling machine of the patent application is to a certain degree On solve current shelling camellia seeds for it is hand-manipulated less efficient the problem of, but still efficiency is low, while impurity elimination efficiency is not It is high.
The content of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of shelling camellia seeds machine, to solve the problems mentioned in the above background technology.
To achieve the above object, the present invention provides following technical scheme:
A kind of shelling camellia seeds machine, including support, shelling mechanism, induced-draught fan, sorting mechanism and vibrating mechanism, the support It is provided with multiple axle beds;The shelling mechanism is fixed at the top of support, and shelling mechanism includes feed hopper, the feed hopper Lower section is provided with Kun, and drum drive connects main shaft, and one end of main shaft is provided with belt pulley, and the belt pulley is connected by belt transmission It is arranged in the motor of frame bottom;Described Kun lower section is provided with mesh screen, and preliminary screening of peeling off is carried out by mesh screen;The mesh screen Lower section be provided with body feed tank, body feed tank is fixed on support, and the right side of body feed tank is exported provided with body feed tank, and body feed tank outlet Separator box is connected, the opposite side of the separator box is communicated with the inside of separating pipe, and the upper and lower side of separating pipe is open, separating pipe Upper end connection induced-draught fan, separating pipe it is lower rectify to sorting mechanism, the induced-draught fan include induced-draught fan housing and fan leaf, And fan leaf is in the induced-draught fan housing, rotated by fan leaf so that induced-draught fan extract residue on sorting mechanism or Person's tiny particles content, the sorting mechanism includes vibration screen, and the vibration screen both sides are on buffer gear, the vibration The bottom driving connection cam rocker arm of screen cloth, cam rocker arm drive connection motor, and cam rocker arm both sides pass through in axle bed The running of cam rocker arm so that vibration screen produces vibration, so as to produce the effect of screening.
It is used as further scheme of the invention:The side of the vibration screen is provided with discharging opening.
It is used as further scheme of the invention:The bottom of the support is provided with Universal pulley, therefore entirety is very just In movement.
It is used as further scheme of the invention:The side of the vibration screen is provided with backstop, and backstop can prevent from shaking During dynamic screening, the situation of materials from spattering.
It is used as further scheme of the invention:The main shaft is in the axle bed on support.
It is used as further scheme of the invention:The buffer gear is made up of polylith spring steel, passes through buffer gear pair Vibration screen is protected, and prevents equipment from producing compared with lossy.
It is used as further scheme of the invention:The side of the induced-draught fan is provided with air outlet, by air outlet by residue Blowout.
It is used as further scheme of the invention:The side of the vibration screen is provided with slag notch.
It is used as further scheme of the invention:The bottom of the vibration screen is provided with hair-dryer, upward by hair-dryer Blowing, less particle or residue are blown afloat, and are coordinated in the presence of induced-draught fan, residue are siphoned away so that scarfing cinder effect is more preferable.
Compared with prior art, the beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:The present invention handles residue by the way of suck-back broken shell, Caused simultaneously using induced-draught fan and hair-dryer overall better excellent, it removes slag more efficient and overall in running step It is more simple on rapid, the phenomenon of maintenance difficult will not occur due to equipment excessively complexity, while whole installation buffer structure, if Standby service life is also increased, and corresponding noise is also under control, therefore relative to existing technology, the present invention has More preferable advantage and performance.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is a kind of structural representation of shelling camellia seeds machine of the invention;
Fig. 2 is a kind of explosive view of shelling camellia seeds machine of the invention;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of shelling mechanism in a kind of shelling camellia seeds machine of the invention;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of induced-draught fan in a kind of shelling camellia seeds machine of the invention;
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of hair-dryer in a kind of shelling camellia seeds machine of the invention;
Fig. 6 is the structural representation of fan leaf in a kind of shelling camellia seeds machine of the invention;
Fig. 7 is the structural representation of sorting mechanism in a kind of shelling camellia seeds machine of the invention.
In figure:1- supports, 2- shelling mechanisms, 3- induced-draught fans, 4- sorting mechanisms, 5- buffer gears, 6- vibrating mechanisms, 7- go out Air port, 8- backstops, 9- discharging openings, 10- main shafts, 11- Universal pulleys, 12- induced-draught fans housing, 13- fan leafs, 14- feed hoppers, 15- Kun, 16- mesh screens, 17- body feed tanks, the outlet of 18- body feed tanks, 19- separator boxs, 20- separating pipes, 21- vibration screens, 22- blow Blower fan, 23- spring steel, 24- cam rocker arms, 25- motors, 26- belt pulleys, 27- axle beds, 28- slag notches.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawing in the embodiment of the present invention, the technical scheme in the embodiment of the present invention is carried out clear, complete Site preparation is described, it is clear that described embodiment is only a part of embodiment of the invention, rather than whole embodiments.It is based on Embodiment in the present invention, it is every other that those of ordinary skill in the art are obtained under the premise of creative work is not made Embodiment, belongs to the scope of protection of the invention.
Refer in Fig. 1~7, the embodiment of the present invention, a kind of shelling camellia seeds machine, including support 1, shelling mechanism 2, air draught Machine 3, sorting mechanism 4 and vibrating mechanism 5, the support 1 are provided with multiple axle beds 27;The shelling mechanism 2 is fixed at support 1 Top, shelling mechanism 2 includes feed hopper 14, and the lower section of the feed hopper 14 is provided with Kun cylinders 15, and roller 15 is connected main shaft 10, main shaft 10 is in the axle bed 27 on support 1, and one end of main shaft 10 is provided with belt pulley 26, and the belt pulley 26 passes through skin V belt translation is connected at the motor 25 of the bottom of support 1;The lower section of the Kun cylinders 15 is provided with mesh screen 16, is carried out tentatively by mesh screen 16 Peel off screening;The lower section of the mesh screen 16 is provided with body feed tank 17, and body feed tank 17 is fixed on support 1, the right side of body feed tank 17 Provided with body feed tank outlet 17, and body feed tank outlet 17 connects separator box 19, opposite side and the separating pipe 20 of the separator box 19 Inside is communicated, and the upper and lower side of separating pipe 20 is open, and the upper end connection induced-draught fan 3 of separating pipe 20, the lower of separating pipe 20 is rectified To sorting mechanism 4.
The induced-draught fan 3 includes induced-draught fan housing 12 and fan leaf 13, and fan leaf 13 is located at induced-draught fan housing 12 It is interior, rotated by fan leaf 13 so that induced-draught fan 3 extracts residue or tiny particles content on sorting mechanism 4, and induced-draught fan 3 side is provided with air outlet 7, is blown out residue by air outlet 7.
The sorting mechanism 4 includes vibration screen 21, and the both sides of vibration screen 21 are described slow on buffer gear 5 Punch mechanism 5 is made up of polylith spring steel 23, and vibration screen 21 is protected by buffer gear 5, prevents equipment from producing larger Loss, the bottom driving connection cam rocker arm 24 of the vibration screen 21, the drive connection motor 25 of cam rocker arm 24, and cam shake The both sides of bar 24 pass through the running of cam rocker arm 24 in axle bed 27 so that vibration screen 21 produces vibration, so as to produce screening Effect;The bottom of the vibration screen 21 is provided with hair-dryer 22, by hair-dryer 22 to up-draught, by less particle or Residue is blown afloat, and is coordinated in the presence of induced-draught fan 3, residue is siphoned away so that scarfing cinder effect is more preferable.
The side of the vibration screen 21 is provided with discharging opening 9, and opposite side is provided with slag notch 28.
The bottom of the support 1 is provided with Universal pulley 11, therefore entirety is very easy to movement.
The side of the vibration screen 21 is provided with backstop 8, and backstop 8 can be prevented during vibration screening, and material flies Situation about splashing.
The present invention operation principle be:During use, material is entered by feed hopper 14 first, and now motor 25 leads to Cross belt drive belt pulley 23 to rotate, now main shaft 10 is rotated, main shaft 10 drives Kun cylinders 15 to rotate, in Kun cylinders 15 and mesh screen 16 Under effect, processing of peeling off is carried out to material, now material is fallen into body feed tank 17, material enters separator box 19 by body feed tank 17 again It is interior, then fallen into by separator box 19 in vibration screen 21, now in the presence of cam rocker arm 24, vibration screen 21 shakes back and forth, And under the induced-draught fan 3 of the top of vibration screen 21 and the hair-dryer 22 of lower section are acted at the same time, less residue or dust then can Siphoned away, and excluded by air outlet 7 by induced-draught fan 3, and vibration screen 21 can then open size feed separation, and respectively from discharging opening 9 and slag notch 28 discharge, then complete entirety work.
It is obvious to a person skilled in the art that the invention is not restricted to the details of above-mentioned one exemplary embodiment, Er Qie In the case of without departing substantially from spirit or essential attributes of the invention, the present invention can be realized in other specific forms.Therefore, no matter From the point of view of which point, embodiment all should be regarded as exemplary, and be nonrestrictive, the scope of the present invention is by appended power Profit is required rather than described above is limited, it is intended that all in the implication and scope of the equivalency of claim by falling Change is included in the present invention.Any reference in claim should not be considered as to the claim involved by limitation.
Moreover, it will be appreciated that although the present specification is described in terms of embodiments, not each embodiment is only wrapped Containing an independent technical scheme, this narrating mode of specification is only that for clarity, those skilled in the art should Using specification as an entirety, the technical solutions in the various embodiments may also be suitably combined, forms those skilled in the art It may be appreciated other embodiment.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of shelling camellia seeds machine, it is characterised in that including support, shelling mechanism, induced-draught fan, sorting mechanism and bobbing machine Structure, the support is provided with multiple axle beds;The shelling mechanism is fixed at the top of support, and shelling mechanism includes feed hopper, The lower section of the feed hopper is provided with roller, roller drive connection main shaft, and one end of main shaft is provided with belt pulley, and the belt pulley leads to Cross the motor that belt transmission is connected at frame bottom;Described Kun lower section is provided with mesh screen;The lower section of the mesh screen is provided with thing Hopper, body feed tank is fixed on support, and the right side of body feed tank is exported provided with body feed tank, and body feed tank outlet connection separator box, The opposite side of the separator box is communicated with the inside of separating pipe, and the upper and lower side of separating pipe is open, the upper end connection of separating pipe Induced-draught fan, the lower of separating pipe is rectified to sorting mechanism, and the induced-draught fan includes induced-draught fan housing and fan leaf, and fan leaf In induced-draught fan housing, the sorting mechanism includes vibration screen, and the vibration screen both sides are described on buffer gear The bottom driving connection cam rocker arm of vibration screen, cam rocker arm drive connection motor, and cam rocker arm both sides are in axle bed; The bottom of the vibration screen is provided with hair-dryer, and the side of the vibration screen is provided with discharging opening.
2. shelling camellia seeds machine according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the bottom of the support is provided with Universal pulley.
3. shelling camellia seeds machine according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the side of the vibration screen is provided with backstop.
4. shelling camellia seeds machine according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the main shaft is in the axle bed on support.
5. shelling camellia seeds machine according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the buffer gear is by polylith spring steel structure Into.
6. shelling camellia seeds machine according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the side of the induced-draught fan is provided with air outlet.
7. shelling camellia seeds machine according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the side of the vibration screen, which is provided with, slags tap Mouthful.
CN201510283100.4A 2015-05-29 2015-05-29 A kind of shelling camellia seeds machine Expired - Fee Related CN104839861B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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