CN208800536U - A kind of fruit/vegetable waste environment-friendly processing unit - Google Patents

A kind of fruit/vegetable waste environment-friendly processing unit Download PDF

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Publication number
CN208800536U
CN208800536U CN201821333626.4U CN201821333626U CN208800536U CN 208800536 U CN208800536 U CN 208800536U CN 201821333626 U CN201821333626 U CN 201821333626U CN 208800536 U CN208800536 U CN 208800536U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
crushing chamber
screen drum
feeding
passage
fruit
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201821333626.4U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
安红星
张根太
刘开来
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
HENAN XINTAOYUAN MACHINERY Co Ltd
Original Assignee
HENAN XINTAOYUAN MACHINERY Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by HENAN XINTAOYUAN MACHINERY Co Ltd filed Critical HENAN XINTAOYUAN MACHINERY Co Ltd
Priority to CN201821333626.4U priority Critical patent/CN208800536U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN208800536U publication Critical patent/CN208800536U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of fruit/vegetable waste environment-friendly processing units, including feed hopper, feeding-passage, crushing chamber, screen drum.Feeding-passage is vertically arranged;The right side of feed inlet is equipped with level-one sorting mechanism in feeding-passage.Feed inlet parallel beneath is set there are two breaker roll in the crushing chamber.The crushing chamber lower end is connected to the upper end of the side of screen drum;Crushing chamber and screen drum connectivity part are equipped with second level sorting mechanism;Coaxial propelling worm is equipped in the screen drum.The utility model screens the polybag in fruit/vegetable waste twice, it ensure that being kept completely separate for polybag, both avoided plastic flakes blocking sieve, influenced press dewatering effect, it also avoids plastic flakes to be mixed in solid slag, the subsequent processing of solid slag is impacted.

Description

A kind of fruit/vegetable waste environment-friendly processing unit
Technical field
The utility model relates to the processing technology field of fruit/vegetable waste more particularly to a kind of fruit/vegetable waste environmental protection treatments Device.
Background technique
The fruit/vegetable waste in China concentrates the place of production mostly from fruits and vegetables wholesale market, food market, fruits and vegetables greatly, these fruits and vegetables are discarded Doped with a large amount of polybag in object.Polybag is difficult to degrade, and is entrained in fruit/vegetable waste, not only result in equipment blocking from And production is influenced, and be unfavorable for the recycling of fruit/vegetable waste.Therefore before fruit/vegetable waste processing, needing manually will modeling Therefrom fruit/vegetable waste sorts out material bag, not only time-consuming and laborious, and the unhygienic body to worker causes damages.
Utility model content
In order to solve the above-mentioned prior art problems, the utility model provides a kind of fruit/vegetable waste environment-friendly processing unit, Including feed hopper, feeding-passage, crushing chamber, screen drum;Feeding funnel bottom part is equipped with discharge port;Feed inlet is equipped at the top of crushing chamber;Out Material mouth is corresponding with feed inlet and is connected to by feeding-passage;Feeding-passage is vertically arranged;The right side of feed inlet in feeding-passage Equipped with level-one sorting mechanism;The level-one sorting mechanism includes transmission net band and aerofoil;The transmission net band is vertical at charging The right side in channel and it is connected with the first driving mechanism;Aerofoil is parallel to transmission net band and is set to left mesh belt, the right net of transmission net band Between band;Aerofoil is fixed on the side wall of feeding-passage;Aerofoil is equipped with inner cavity;Inner cavity is communicated with exhaust fan;The left surface of aerofoil Equipped with ventilation hole;Feeding-passage below the right mesh belt of transmission net band is communicated with the first screening tapping channel;In the crushing chamber into Material mouth parallel beneath is set there are two breaker roll;The outer peripheral surface of breaker roll is equipped with roller knife;The one of the crushing chamber lower end and screen drum The upper end of side is connected to;Crushing chamber and screen drum connectivity part are equipped with second level sorting mechanism;The second level sorting mechanism includes sieve and more A nozzle;The sieve is set to crushing chamber and screen drum connectivity part;The opposite two sides of screen bottom are respectively connected with spring;Spring it is another One end is fixedly connected in fixed plate, and fixed plate is vertically fixed on the side wall of crushing chamber;The bottom of sieve is additionally provided with cam, convex Wheel is connect with screen contact, and cam is connected with driving motor;Multiple nozzles are set in the crushing chamber inner left wall above sieve simultaneously And be interconnected by blast pipe, the other end of blast pipe is connected with air blower;Inner wall is equipped with the second screening on the right side of crushing chamber Tapping channel;Second screening tapping channel is corresponding with nozzle location;Water receiving tank is equipped with below the screen drum;It is set in the screen drum There is coaxial propelling worm;The propelling worm left end passes through the left end of screen drum and is connected with the second driving mechanism;Squeezing Spiral right end passes through screen drum right end and is connected with cone of slagging tap;The propelling worm includes helical axis and helical blade;The spiral shell The diameter of spin axis is sequentially increased from left to right;The blade pitgh of the helical blade is sequentially reduced from left to right.
Preferably, the edge of sieve upper surface is equipped with baffle.
Preferably, the blast pipe is equipped with air inlet valve.
The working principle of the utility model are as follows: pour into fruit/vegetable waste in feed hopper, fruit/vegetable waste is from feeding-passage Into crushing chamber.In feeding-passage, since fruit/vegetable waste and air drag suffered by polybag are different, fruit/vegetable waste and its In the polybag falling speed that is mingled with it is different, fruit/vegetable waste and polybag are gradually disengaged in dropping process.Exhaust fan is opened, Polybag lighter weight is attracted and be attached on transmission net band and move together with transmission net band by the wind-force of exhaust fan.Transmission When polybag is sent to feeding-passage bottom by mesh belt, aerofoil is gradually reduced the suction-operated of polybag, and polybag, which is detached from, to be passed It send mesh belt and falls into the first screening discharging channel separation and go out.Fruit/vegetable waste enters crushing chamber, under the action of crushing mechanism, Fruit/vegetable waste is ground into graininess.Fruit-vegetable granules during the falling process, by second level sorting mechanism, open air blower, The plastic flakes being mingled in fruit-vegetable granules are blown into the second screening tapping channel by the air-flow sprayed in nozzle, are carried out to fruit-vegetable granules Postsearch screening guarantees that plastic flakes are kept completely separate.Fruit-vegetable granules are fallen into sieve, sieve vertical tremor under the action of cam, It prevents the fruit-vegetable granules of bulky grain from entering screen drum, avoids blocking screen drum;Meanwhile sieve vertical tremor is by plastic flakes and fruits and vegetables Grain is separated, and the screening of plastic flakes is more advantageous to.Enter in screen drum through the garbled fruit-vegetable granules of second level, the second driving machine Structure drives propelling worm rotation, and propelling worm drives fruit-vegetable granules to accumulate to right end and generate extruding force.Squeeze out the filtrate come It is flowed into water receiving tank from being filtered out in screen drum.Solid slag is squeezed out by cone of slagging tap.Helical axis uses increasing diameter, helical blade Using blade pitgh gradually small design, so that axial, the radial squeeze force of propelling worm is gradually increased, can squeeze out more Moisture improves squeezing effect.Fruit-vegetable granules are separated into filtrate and solid slag after press dewatering.Filtrate can produce through everfermentation Raw biogas is lived for people to be used, and solid slag can be used as the raw material of feed or fertilizer.
Press dewatering after fruit/vegetable waste is first crushed by the utility model is isolated after the moisture in fruit/vegetable waste to it Filtrate and solid slag are recycled respectively, have both been recycled organic matter therein, have been turned waste into wealth, and have protected environment From pollution, solves the reluctant technical problem of fruit/vegetable waste in the prior art.In addition, the utility model is useless to fruits and vegetables Polybag in gurry is screened twice, ensure that being kept completely separate for polybag, has both avoided plastic flakes blocking sieve, Press dewatering effect is influenced, plastic flakes is also avoided and is mixed in solid slag, shadow is caused to the subsequent processing of solid slag It rings.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram of the utility model.
In figure: 1 feed hopper, 2 feeding-passages, 3 crushing chambers, 4 screen drums, 5 transmission net bands, 6 aerofoils, 7 first screening dischargings are logical Road, 8 breaker rolls, 9 sieves, 10 nozzles, 11 springs, 12 fixed plates, 13 cams, 14 blast pipes, 15 air blowers, 16 second filter out Material channel, 17 water receiving tanks, 18 are slagged tap centrum, 19 helical axis, 20 helical blades, 21 baffles.
Specific embodiment
The embodiments of the present invention are further illustrated with reference to the accompanying drawing.
Referring to Fig. 1, a kind of fruit/vegetable waste environment-friendly processing unit, including feed hopper 1, feeding-passage 2, crushing chamber 3, screen drum 4.1 bottom of feed hopper is equipped with discharge port.Feed inlet is equipped at the top of crushing chamber 3.Discharge port and feed inlet are corresponding and pass through charging Channel 2 is connected to.Feeding-passage 2 is vertically arranged.The right side of feed inlet is equipped with level-one sorting mechanism in feeding-passage 2.The level-one Sorting mechanism includes transmission net band 5 and aerofoil 6.The transmission net band 5 is vertical at the right side of feeding-passage 2 and is connected with first Driving mechanism.Aerofoil 6 is parallel to transmission net band 5 and is set between the left mesh belt of transmission net band 5, right mesh belt.Aerofoil 6 be fixed on into On the side wall for expecting channel 2.Aerofoil 6 is equipped with inner cavity.Inner cavity is communicated with exhaust fan.The left surface of aerofoil 6 is equipped with ventilation hole.Transmission net The first screening tapping channel 7 is communicated with the feeding-passage 2 below 5 right mesh belts.Feed inlet parallel beneath is set in the crushing chamber 3 There are two breaker rolls 8.The outer peripheral surface of breaker roll 8 is equipped with roller knife.The upper end of 3 lower end of crushing chamber and the side of screen drum 4 connects It is logical.Crushing chamber 3 and 4 connectivity part of screen drum are equipped with second level sorting mechanism.The second level sorting mechanism includes sieve 9 and multiple nozzles 10.The sieve 9 is set to crushing chamber 3 and 4 connectivity part of screen drum.The opposite two sides in 9 bottom of sieve are respectively connected with spring 11.Spring 11 The other end be fixedly connected in fixed plate 12.Fixed plate 12 is vertically fixed on the side wall of crushing chamber 3.The bottom of sieve 9 is also Equipped with cam 13.Cam 13 and sieve 9 connect.Cam 13 is connected with driving motor.Multiple nozzles 10 are set to 9 top of sieve 3 inner left wall of crushing chamber on and by blast pipe 14 be interconnected.The other end of blast pipe 14 is connected with air blower 15.It is broken Broken 3 right side inner wall of room is equipped with the second screening tapping channel 16.Second screening tapping channel 16 is corresponding with 10 position of nozzle.Institute It states and is equipped with water receiving tank 17 below screen drum 4.Coaxial propelling worm is equipped in the screen drum 4.It wears the propelling worm left end It crosses the left end of screen drum 4 and is connected with the second driving mechanism.Propelling worm right end passes through 4 right end of screen drum and is connected with cone of slagging tap 18.The propelling worm includes helical axis 19 and helical blade 20.The diameter of the helical axis 19 is sequentially increased from left to right.Institute The blade pitgh for stating helical blade 20 is sequentially reduced from left to right.
The edge of 9 upper surface of sieve is equipped with baffle 21.
The blast pipe 14 is equipped with air inlet valve.
The first driving mechanism includes two rollers and the Rolling motor for driving roller, two rollers point in the present embodiment Not Wei Yu feeding-passage top, lower part.Transmission net band is set on the outside of two rollers and moves reciprocatingly under the driving of roller.
The second driving mechanism includes speed reducer and spiral spindle motor in the present embodiment.Spiral spindle motor will be moved by belt pulley Power is driven to speed reducer, the output shaft and spiral axis connection of speed reducer.

Claims (3)

1. a kind of fruit/vegetable waste environment-friendly processing unit, it is characterised in that: including feed hopper, feeding-passage, crushing chamber, screen drum; Feeding funnel bottom part is equipped with discharge port;Feed inlet is equipped at the top of crushing chamber;Discharge port and feed inlet are corresponding and pass through feeding-passage Connection;Feeding-passage is vertically arranged;The right side of feed inlet is equipped with level-one sorting mechanism in feeding-passage;The level-one sorting mechanism Including transmission net band and aerofoil;The transmission net band is vertical at the right side of feeding-passage and is connected with the first driving mechanism;Wind Plate is parallel to transmission net band and is set between the left mesh belt of transmission net band, right mesh belt;Aerofoil is fixed on the side wall of feeding-passage; Aerofoil is equipped with inner cavity;Inner cavity is communicated with exhaust fan;The left surface of aerofoil is equipped with ventilation hole;Charging below the right mesh belt of transmission net band Channel is communicated with the first screening tapping channel;Feed inlet parallel beneath is set there are two breaker roll in the crushing chamber;Breaker roll Outer peripheral surface is equipped with roller knife;The crushing chamber lower end is connected to the upper end of the side of screen drum;Crushing chamber is equipped with screen drum connectivity part Second level sorting mechanism;The second level sorting mechanism includes sieve and multiple nozzles;The sieve is set to crushing chamber and is connected to screen drum Place;The opposite two sides of screen bottom are respectively connected with spring;The other end of spring is fixedly connected in fixed plate, and fixed plate is vertically solid It is scheduled on the side wall of crushing chamber;The bottom of sieve is additionally provided with cam, and cam is connect with screen contact, and cam is connected with driving electricity Machine;Multiple nozzles be set to sieve above crushing chamber inner left wall on and by blast pipe be interconnected, blast pipe it is another End is connected with air blower;Inner wall is equipped with the second screening tapping channel on the right side of crushing chamber;Second screening tapping channel and nozzle position It sets corresponding;Water receiving tank is equipped with below the screen drum;Coaxial propelling worm is equipped in the screen drum;The propelling worm Left end passes through the left end of screen drum and is connected with the second driving mechanism;Propelling worm right end passes through screen drum right end and is connected with cone of slagging tap Body;The propelling worm includes helical axis and helical blade;The diameter of the helical axis is sequentially increased from left to right;The spiral The blade pitgh of blade is sequentially reduced from left to right.
2. a kind of fruit/vegetable waste environment-friendly processing unit according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the side of sieve upper surface Baffle is equipped at edge.
3. a kind of fruit/vegetable waste environment-friendly processing unit according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: set on the blast pipe There is air inlet valve.
CN201821333626.4U 2018-08-18 2018-08-18 A kind of fruit/vegetable waste environment-friendly processing unit Expired - Fee Related CN208800536U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201821333626.4U CN208800536U (en) 2018-08-18 2018-08-18 A kind of fruit/vegetable waste environment-friendly processing unit

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201821333626.4U CN208800536U (en) 2018-08-18 2018-08-18 A kind of fruit/vegetable waste environment-friendly processing unit

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN208800536U true CN208800536U (en) 2019-04-30

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201821333626.4U Expired - Fee Related CN208800536U (en) 2018-08-18 2018-08-18 A kind of fruit/vegetable waste environment-friendly processing unit

Country Status (1)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110403215A (en) * 2019-08-23 2019-11-05 湖南天爱农业科技有限公司 A kind of producing unit of feed
CN111644447A (en) * 2020-06-22 2020-09-11 浙江明佳环保科技股份有限公司 Dewatering device for kitchen waste
CN113664018A (en) * 2021-08-09 2021-11-19 安徽农道文旅产业发展有限公司 Tourist attraction refuse treatment device

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110403215A (en) * 2019-08-23 2019-11-05 湖南天爱农业科技有限公司 A kind of producing unit of feed
CN111644447A (en) * 2020-06-22 2020-09-11 浙江明佳环保科技股份有限公司 Dewatering device for kitchen waste
CN113664018A (en) * 2021-08-09 2021-11-19 安徽农道文旅产业发展有限公司 Tourist attraction refuse treatment device

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GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20190430

Termination date: 20200818