CN102960833B - Camellia seed huller - Google Patents

Camellia seed huller Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102960833B
CN102960833B CN201210551963.1A CN201210551963A CN102960833B CN 102960833 B CN102960833 B CN 102960833B CN 201210551963 A CN201210551963 A CN 201210551963A CN 102960833 B CN102960833 B CN 102960833B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
vibratory sieve
hulling
throwing disc
chamber
adjustable plate
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201210551963.1A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102960833A (en
Inventor
谢方平
唐湘
李旭
刘大为
孙松林
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Hunan Agricultural University
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Hunan Agricultural University
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Priority to CN201210551963.1A priority Critical patent/CN102960833B/en
Publication of CN102960833A publication Critical patent/CN102960833A/en
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Publication of CN102960833B publication Critical patent/CN102960833B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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Abstract

The invention discloses a camellia seed huller. The camellia seed huller comprises a rack, a feeding device, a hulling device, a cleaning and separating device and a transmission device, wherein the feeding device is arranged at the upper part of the hulling device and consists of a feeding hopper, a feeding quantity adjustment plate and a cone-shaped shunt; the cone-shaped shunt is arranged at the connection position of the feeding device and the hulling device and is used for uniformly feeding materials into a hulling chamber; the hulling device consists of the hulling chamber and a hulling chamber lower housing; the hulling chamber comprises a toothed plate and a projecting disc, a main shaft, a universal joint and the toothed plate; the projecting disc is in a cone bowl shape; a plurality of blades are arranged on the projecting disc; the projecting disc is arranged at the outlet end of the universal joint through a key joint; the toothed plate is fixed in the hulling chamber housing; and the hulling chamber lower housing takes a cone shape and is connected with the cleaning and separating device. The camellia seed huller is high in production efficiency and hulling ratio, and can effectively separate camellia seeds from impurities, improve the purity degree of the camellia seeds and perform hulling and cleaning at one time, so that the manufacturing procedure is less and the manufacturing cost is low.

Description

A kind of tea seed hulling machine
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of agricultural product processing machinery, particularly a kind of tea seed hulling machine, is applicable to the hulling machine of the nut fruits seeds such as camellia oleifera fruit.
Background technology
Oil tea is Chinese distinctive traditional oil tree, extensively plantation on the south the Changjiang river.Although China has developed and developed some tea seed hulling machines, its development is quite slow, lags far behind the development of plant husbandry, and ripe type and produce in batches few, far can not meet actual needs.And the hulling method such as existing tea seed hulling machine mostly adopts stone roller, pressure, squeezes, mill, these methods have certain requirement to Seed shape size, need to carry out classification processing before shelling, and shelling back cover benevolence separating difficulty is large, increase production technology, reduced oil plant quality and productivity effect.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to overcome the deficiencies in the prior art and provide a kind of production efficiency and husking yield high, can effectively tea seed be separated with foreign material, improve the degree of purity of seed, can disposablely shell and clean, manufacturing procedure is few, a kind of tea seed hulling machine of low cost of manufacture.
A kind of tea seed hulling machine, comprise frame, drawing-in device, hulling device, clean separator, power set and the transmission device being connected with power set, described hulling device comprises shelling chamber, described shelling chamber is the cylindrical shell of a sealing, top, described shelling chamber is provided with charging aperture, below is provided with discharging opening, on the surrounding inwall of described shelling chamber, toothed tooth plate is installed, described shelling indoor location has throwing disc, the position of described throwing disc is corresponding with the position of described charging aperture, described throwing disc is the disk that middle part caves inward, described throwing disc is provided with the protruding blade of multiple central axis annular arrays along described throwing disc, the bottom of described throwing disc is arranged on main shaft by universal joint in the position of described throwing disc central axis, described main shaft is by transmission device driven rotary, described drawing-in device is arranged on the charging aperture of described hulling device, described import of cleaning separator is communicated with the discharging opening of described shelling chamber, the described separator of cleaning comprises the vibratory sieve that is arranged on described import below, one end of the screen cloth of described vibratory sieve and horizontal plane are provided with an inclination angle, the below of described vibratory sieve is provided with the air channel of the whole screen cloth of parcel, the air inlet in described air channel is connected with the air outlet of blower fan, described vibratory sieve is provided with the outlet of tea shell on downward-sloping one end, described vibratory sieve is provided with the outlet of tea seed on acclivitous one end.
The charging aperture below of described shelling chamber is provided with the tapered shunting device that makes the material of feeding evenly flow into shelling chamber.
Described drawing-in device is provided with the feed quantity adjustable plate that regulates inlet amount.
Described vibratory sieve comprises screen cloth, vibratory sieve gripper shoe, vibratory sieve adjustable plate and the vibrating device that drives screen cloth to vibrate, one end of described screen cloth is hinged on one end of described vibratory sieve adjustable plate, the other end is provided with adjustable-height support bar, described screen cloth is arranged on the other end of described vibratory sieve adjustable plate by described adjustable-height support bar, described vibratory sieve adjustable plate be arranged in described vibratory sieve gripper shoe and described vibratory sieve adjustable plate and described vibratory sieve gripper shoe between angle adjustable, the below of four angle ends of described vibratory sieve gripper shoe is hinged with multiple support bars, the other end of described support bar is hinged in frame, described vibrating device comprises eccentric wheel and countershaft, described countershaft is arranged in described frame by bearing, transmission device drives described countershaft rotation, described eccentric wheel is arranged on one end of described countershaft, described eccentric wheel is connected with one end of described vibratory sieve gripper shoe by vibrating arm, described vibratory sieve is supported in described frame by described support bar and described vibrating arm.
Owing to adopting said structure, tool of the present invention has the following advantages: indoor in shelling, first adopt universal joint transmission, throwing disc is turned at certain plane internal rotation, tea seed is carried out to rubbing strike, then throw away and make itself and gear ring husking by impact, shelling can adapt to the seeds of different sizes like this, before shelling, do not need to carry out classification processing, thereby enhance productivity and husking yield; Secondly, adopt gravity separation mechanism at cleaner reconstruct, can effectively tea seed be separated with foreign material like this, improve the degree of purity of seed, finally this project organization is simply compact, can disposablely shell and clean, and manufacturing procedure is few, low cost of manufacture.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 (a) is structural representation of the present invention;
Fig. 1 (b) is the enlarged drawing at Fig. 1 (a) I place;
Fig. 1 (c) is the enlarged drawing at Fig. 1 (a) II place;
Fig. 2 is the left view of Fig. 1 of the present invention (a);
The structural representation that Fig. 3 (a) is throwing disc of the present invention;
Fig. 3 (b) is that Fig. 3 (a) A is to cutaway view;
The structural representation that Fig. 4 (a) is vibratory sieve of the present invention;
Fig. 4 (b) is the left view of Fig. 4 (a).
The structural representation that Fig. 5 (a) is vibratory sieve adjustable plate of the present invention;
Fig. 5 (b) is the left view of Fig. 5 (a).
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, further describe the detailed description of the invention of this patent.
With reference to Fig. 1, Fig. 2, the shelling principle that the centrifugal shock method of this device employing is combined with rubbing and the cleaning principle of gravity separation, in structure, comprise: feeding hopper 1, feed quantity adjustable plate 2, tapered shunting device 16, shelling chamber 17, tooth plate 3, throwing disc 4, universal joint 5, main shaft 6, gear-box 7, power transmission shaft 9, belt pulley 8, frame 18, vibratory sieve 24, vibratory sieve gripper shoe 19, vibratory sieve adjustable plate 10, belt pulley 11, eccentric wheel 12, countershaft 13, bearing 14, supporting seat 15, vibrating arm 26, support bar 27, go out seed bucket 21, hatched bucket 25, blower fan 23, air channel 22, motor 20.Wherein, feeding adjustable plate 2 is arranged between feeding hopper 1 and shelling chamber 17; Tapered shunting device 16 is welded on shelling chamber 17 charging apertures; In throwing disc 4, be welded with several blades 41, and throwing disc 4 is connected and is arranged in universal joint 5 output upper ends by key; In tooth plate 3, be provided with protruding tooth, teeth directional is parallel with major axes orientation, and is fixed on shelling 17 inner sides, chamber, in the track that tea seed flies out in the time of throwing disc 4 whipping of the position that tooth plate 3 is installed; The screen cloth of vibratory sieve 24 is arranged on vibratory sieve adjustable plate 10 by adjustable-height support bar 28, regulates vibratory sieve adjustable plate 10 and vibratory sieve gripper shoe 19 bolt above, is inclined in two-way state; Eccentric wheel 12 tight fits are fixed in countershaft 13 one end; Main shaft 6 carries out transmission by belt pulley 8 and gear-box 7; Countershaft 13 is by belt pulley 11 transmissions; Motor 20 and transmission device are bolted and are arranged in frame 18, and motor 20 drives belt pulley 8 and belt pulley 11 to rotate by transmission device, and frame 18 is formed by angle steel and Plate Welding, and shelling chamber 17 is bolted and is located in frame 18.
As shown in Fig. 1 (b), universal joint 5 is arranged between main shaft 6 outputs and throwing disc 4, and throwing disc 4 can be turned at certain plane internal rotation.
As shown in Fig. 1 (c), bolt control cross dip on vibratory sieve adjustable plate 10, as shown in Figure 5, vibratory sieve adjustable plate 10 belows are provided with gripper shoe, described gripper shoe is provided with mounting hole, vibratory sieve adjustable plate 10 is connected with vibratory sieve gripper shoe 19 by the bolt being arranged in mounting hole, by the fixing vertical inclination angle that can adjust between vibratory sieve adjustable plate 10 and vibratory sieve gripper shoe 19 of adjusting of bolt, therefore make the screen cloth of vibratory sieve be inclined in two-way state by vibratory sieve adjustable plate 10 and vibratory sieve gripper shoe 19.
The essential structure of the throwing disc 4 shown in Fig. 3, is welded with 8 blades 41 by radial distribution in this throwing disc 4, to tea seed is thrown away after clashing into rubbing with tea seed.
The basic structure of vibratory sieve 24 shown in Fig. 4, this vibratory sieve 24 adopts rectangular table, and wire side adopts woven wire cloth to make.
When work, tea seed enters after feeding hopper 1, and through the tapered shunting device 16 of bottom, formation thin layer falls and enters in shelling chamber 17, because throwing disc 4 is inclined, by universal joint transmission, can in certain plane, rotate back and forth, tea seed clashes into rubbing by the blade 41 of High Rotation Speed, tea seed is broken, and produce larger centrifugal speed and fly out, clash into the tooth plate 3 of shelling in case, realize shelling.Seed after shelling and shell fall into vibratory sieve 24 by lower house, form certain thick-layer, the vibratory sieve 24 screen clothes splay end that dips down is provided with tea shell outlet, vibratory sieve 24 is provided with described tea shell and exports the hatched bucket 25 being communicated with on the support bar 27 of tea shell outlet, vibratory sieve 24 is provided with the outlet of tea seed on acclivitous one end, vibratory sieve 24 on the support bar 27 of tea shell outlet, be provided be communicated with described tea shell outlet go out seed bucket 21, eccentric wheel 12 is connected with vibratory sieve gripper shoe 19 by vibrating arm 26, vibratory sieve 24 is inclined in two-way state, vertical inclination angle is α angle, cross dip is β angle, under eccentric wheel 12 drives, wire side is made double vibrations, it is the same with the motion of shell that its action simulation people separates seed with dustpan screening.Under the effect of mechanical oscillation and ascending air, material is half suspended state, for size, shape roughly the same, seed that density is large sinks, the seed shell floating that density is little, produces by density AUTOMATIC ZONING phenomenon.Simultaneously, under suitable vibration, flow parameter, lower floor's tea seed is subject to wire side effect and longitudinally upper sliding, and upper strata seed shell does not contact with wire side, along material bed longitudinal downslide, due to wire side lateral inclination β angle, in addition material is constantly from high-end feeding, makes longitudinally particle that separate, different densities make lateral flow along different tracks line, realizes separating of tea seed shell and seed, final tea seed goes out seed bucket 21 and flows out, and tea shell hatched bucket 25 flows out.

Claims (4)

1. a tea seed hulling machine, comprise frame, drawing-in device, hulling device, clean separator, power set and the transmission device being connected with power set, it is characterized in that: described hulling device comprises shelling chamber, described shelling chamber is the cylindrical shell of a sealing, top, described shelling chamber is provided with charging aperture, below is provided with discharging opening, on the surrounding inwall of described shelling chamber, toothed tooth plate is installed, described shelling indoor location has throwing disc, the position of described throwing disc is corresponding with the position of described charging aperture, described throwing disc is the disk that middle part caves inward, described throwing disc is provided with the protruding blade of multiple central axis annular arrays along described throwing disc, the bottom of described throwing disc is arranged on main shaft by universal joint in the position of described throwing disc central axis, described main shaft is by transmission device driven rotary, described drawing-in device is arranged on the charging aperture of described hulling device, described import of cleaning separator is communicated with the discharging opening of described shelling chamber, the described separator of cleaning comprises the vibratory sieve that is arranged on described import below, one end of the screen cloth of described vibratory sieve and horizontal plane are provided with an inclination angle, the below of described vibratory sieve is provided with the air channel of the whole screen cloth of parcel, the air inlet in described air channel is connected with the air outlet of blower fan, described vibratory sieve is provided with the outlet of tea shell on downward-sloping one end, described vibratory sieve is provided with the outlet of tea seed on acclivitous one end.
2. tea seed hulling machine according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the charging aperture below of described shelling chamber is provided with the tapered shunting device that makes the material of feeding evenly flow into shelling chamber.
3. according to tea seed hulling machine described in claim 1 or 2, it is characterized in that: described drawing-in device is provided with the feed quantity adjustable plate that regulates inlet amount.
4. tea seed hulling machine according to claim 3, it is characterized in that: described vibratory sieve comprises screen cloth, vibratory sieve gripper shoe, vibratory sieve adjustable plate and the vibrating device that drives screen cloth to vibrate, one end of described screen cloth is hinged on one end of described vibratory sieve adjustable plate, the other end is provided with adjustable-height support bar, described screen cloth is arranged on the other end of described vibratory sieve adjustable plate by described adjustable-height support bar, described vibratory sieve adjustable plate be arranged in described vibratory sieve gripper shoe and described vibratory sieve adjustable plate and described vibratory sieve gripper shoe between angle adjustable, the below of four angle ends of described vibratory sieve gripper shoe is hinged with multiple support bars, the other end of described support bar is hinged in frame, described vibrating device comprises eccentric wheel and countershaft, described countershaft is arranged in described frame by bearing, transmission device drives described countershaft rotation, described eccentric wheel is arranged on one end of described countershaft, described eccentric wheel is connected with one end of described vibratory sieve gripper shoe by vibrating arm, described vibratory sieve is supported in described frame by described support bar and described vibrating arm.
CN201210551963.1A 2012-12-18 2012-12-18 Camellia seed huller Expired - Fee Related CN102960833B (en)

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CN102960833B true CN102960833B (en) 2014-11-19

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Families Citing this family (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103303603A (en) * 2013-05-17 2013-09-18 平湖市海特合金有限公司 Feed hopper of vibrating screen
CN103320214B (en) * 2013-07-03 2014-05-28 湖南瑞柏茶油有限公司 Low-temperature camellia seed oil cold-pressing process
CN103478856B (en) * 2013-09-30 2015-11-04 湖北工业大学 The harmless shelling of a kind of camellia oleifera fruit and color cleaning equipment and technique
CN104273639B (en) * 2014-10-20 2016-10-05 中国农业科学院油料作物研究所 Oil tea Fructus Canarii hulling machine
CN104839861B (en) * 2015-05-29 2017-09-15 仲恺农业工程学院 A kind of shelling camellia seeds machine
CN104872785B (en) * 2015-06-06 2016-08-31 江西绿野轩生物科技有限公司 Technique is cleaned in a kind of camellia oleifera fruit shelling
CN104982164B (en) * 2015-07-01 2017-10-27 中南林业科技大学 A kind of oil tea shell seed cleans method and apparatus
CN104998811B (en) * 2015-07-01 2017-10-27 中南林业科技大学 A kind of toothed roller type oil tea shell seed cleans method and apparatus
CN106805258A (en) * 2015-11-30 2017-06-09 广西大学 A kind of small-sized camellia oleifera fruit hulling device
CN105852150B (en) * 2016-04-12 2017-10-20 宁波六谷信息技术有限公司 Shell opening machine orbit altitude adjusting means
CN106333373A (en) * 2016-08-31 2017-01-18 江西绿野轩生物科技有限公司 Complete equipment for shelling camellia oleifera fruits
CN108887694A (en) * 2018-07-28 2018-11-27 王冬莲 A kind of tea oil preparation process high stable type broken shell screening plant
CN109046993A (en) * 2018-07-28 2018-12-21 王宁 A kind of Multifunctional oil tea seed screening plant
CN111203384A (en) * 2020-01-13 2020-05-29 海南大学 Vertical rubber shell benevolence separator

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US7717033B1 (en) * 2004-09-22 2010-05-18 Kim Sun Y Nut cracking mechanism for variable-sized nuts
FR2945913A1 (en) * 2009-06-02 2010-12-03 Maurice Guillot Device for peeling fruits with shells e.g. shelled fruit, or with envelopes, has endless screw provided with net assembled in rotation with respect to drum, causing displacement of fruits in lower part of space
CN202035457U (en) * 2011-03-21 2011-11-16 王云 Rubber seed shelling equipment
CN203015797U (en) * 2012-12-18 2013-06-26 湖南农业大学 Camellia seed huller

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CN2179002Y (en) * 1993-12-01 1994-10-12 曹吉学 Sunflower seeds hulling and separating machine
US7717033B1 (en) * 2004-09-22 2010-05-18 Kim Sun Y Nut cracking mechanism for variable-sized nuts
FR2945913A1 (en) * 2009-06-02 2010-12-03 Maurice Guillot Device for peeling fruits with shells e.g. shelled fruit, or with envelopes, has endless screw provided with net assembled in rotation with respect to drum, causing displacement of fruits in lower part of space
CN202035457U (en) * 2011-03-21 2011-11-16 王云 Rubber seed shelling equipment
CN203015797U (en) * 2012-12-18 2013-06-26 湖南农业大学 Camellia seed huller

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