CN104770191A - Planting technology of sarcandra glabra under eucalyptus - Google Patents

Planting technology of sarcandra glabra under eucalyptus Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104770191A
CN104770191A CN201510198306.7A CN201510198306A CN104770191A CN 104770191 A CN104770191 A CN 104770191A CN 201510198306 A CN201510198306 A CN 201510198306A CN 104770191 A CN104770191 A CN 104770191A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
eucalyptus
jin
forest land
plant
planting
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Pending
Application number
CN201510198306.7A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
巫玲玲
蒋敏捷
蒋伟哲
蒋群哲
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NANNING DUOLING BIOTECHNOLOGY CO Ltd
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NANNING DUOLING BIOTECHNOLOGY CO Ltd
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Priority to CN201510198306.7A priority Critical patent/CN104770191A/en
Publication of CN104770191A publication Critical patent/CN104770191A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention discloses a planting technology of sarcandra glabra under eucalyptus. The technology comprises the steps of selecting a forest land, cultivating, tending, and harvesting. By adopting the planting technology, the problems that the planting scale of the sarcandra gladra cannot satisfy the market demand due to the depletion of the sarcandra glabra resource and the incomplete artificial seedling raising technology of the sarcandra glabra can be solved.

Description

Planting technology under Chloranthus glaber eucalyptus
Technical field
The present invention relates to botanical seedling culturing technical field, specifically planting technology under a kind of Chloranthus glaber eucalyptus.
Background technology
Chloranthus glaber sarcandra glabra (Thunb.) Nakaifor Chloranthaceae Sarcandra perennial evergreen draft or undershrub, have another name called sarcandra, synthetism tree, elder, ring tea etc., its medicinal material is called Glabrous Sarcandra Herb.Be distributed in the provinces and regions such as Jiangxi, Zhejiang, Anhui, Fujian, Taiwan, Hunan, Hubei, Guangdong, Guangxi, Sichuan, Guizhou, Yunnan on the south Vietnam, Korea, Japan and India and China the Changjiang river.Its complete stool can be used as medicine, and property is bitter, pungent, flat.The thoughts of returning home, Liver Channel.There is clearing heat and cooling blood, ecchymose removing of invigorating blood circulation, effect of dispelling wind and removing obstruction in the meridians.Spot dermexanthesis is sent out, arthralgia due to wind-dampness, traumatic injury for blood-head.Indication has rheumatic arthritis, pain in waist and lower extremities, traumatic injury, pneumonia, appendicitis, acute cellulitis, tumour etc.The aspects such as food, beverage, medicine, health products, daily-use chemical industry are widely used at present.
Report according to current documents and materials, from Chloranthus glaber medicinal material, be separated the compound obtained mainly contain flavonoids, Coumarins, lactone, terpene, phenolic acid class, volatile oil, organic acid, also comprise the materials such as minor metallic element.Chinese Pharmacopoeia 2010 editions specifies that it contains isofraxidin (C 11h 10o 5) must not 0.020% be less than, containing Rosmarinic acid (C 18h 16o) 0.020% must not be less than.
Chloranthus glaber is that a kind of composition is various, and pharmacological action is Chinese herbal medicine widely, has wide market prospects, has good economic benefit, social benefit and ecological benefits.Along with day by day widening of Chloranthus glaber purposes, raw materials requirement constantly increases, wild Chloranthus glaber can not meet the needs in production far away, therefore, build Chloranthus glaber seedling base, artificial culture and forest interplanting base etc., become and solved the Chloranthus glaber only way that there is lack of raw materials, the plantation exploitation of Chloranthus glaber has boundless prospect, will obtain significant economic benefit.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved by this invention is to provide planting technology under a kind of Chloranthus glaber eucalyptus, low and the dissatisfactory problem of its quality of medicinal material of Chloranthus glaber nursery planting percent can be solved on the one hand, the ubiquitous Soil degradation problem of eucalyptus plantation can be solved on the other hand, take into account economic benefit and ecological benefits.
In order to solve the problem, the present invention adopts following technical scheme to be:
1) selection in forest land: select crown density to be 0.6 ~ 0.8, the gradient is the eucalyptus woods of less than 35 degree;
2) wholely: what in forest land, edge waited high-band to open wide 20 ~ 25cm every 15 ~ 20cm cultivates multiple band;
3) basal dressing: every mu of lower farmyard manure 500 ~ 700 jin or organic bio-fertilizer 50 jin or golden agriculture-countryside-farmer's mineral fertilizer consumptions 50 jin;
4) cultivate: select the cloudy day of the seedling of more than 10cm before and after the beginning of spring in 15 days to transplant, plant spacing presses 20cm to 25cm, can plant 1200 ~ 1800 strains for every mu;
5) foster: after Chloranthus glaber plantation, the first seven sky topdresses, based on nitrogen phosphorus fertilizer; Annual intertillage 2 times, keeps loosing soil, without weeds on planting site, protects forest land and cleans; Water when ground surface soil drying is turned white, during rainy season, drain the water away in time;
6) gather in: November, plant is cut off from overhead 2 ~ 5cm.
Gained Chloranthus glaber output of the present invention is at 1.5 ~ 2.5 tons/mu.General field planting next year, every mu can be produced dry product 200 to 300 kilograms, can increase year by year later, manages the highest dry product and can reach 600 ~ 700 kilograms.
In order to advantage of the present invention is described, by Chinese Pharmacopoeia 2010 editions with isofraxidin and Rosmarinic acid for index, quality evaluation is carried out to medicinal material.Measure its content as following table:
Crude drug source Determination of isofraxidin (%) Rosmarinic acid contents (%)
Natural crude drugs 1 0.021 0.022
Natural crude drugs 2 0.031 0.019
Natural crude drugs 3 0.032 0.029
Natural crude drugs 4 0.022 0.023
Natural crude drugs 5 0.043 0.038
Natural crude drugs 6 0.029 0.041
Average content 0.030 0.029
Commercially available 1 0.027 0.032
Commercially available 2 0.042 0.057
Commercially available 3 0.028 0.063
Commercially available 4 0.108 0.083
Commercially available 5 0.023 0.067
Commercially available 6 0.243 0.112
Average content 0.079 0.069
The present invention 1 0.691 1.231
The present invention 2 0.492 0.993
The present invention 3 0.499 0.786
The present invention 4 0.427 0.923
The present invention 5 0.574 1.023
The present invention 6 0.879 1.378
Average content 0.594 1.056
The natural crude drugs of natural crude drugs for gathering in identical collection season near this planting site in table; Commercially available medicinal material is this commercially available medicinal material in planting site location; The present invention's medicinal material used is the medicinal material that 6 planting sites gather.From table, the medicinal material of gained of the present invention, except the isofraxidin containing higher composition and Rosmarinic acid, its component content difference is less, can be medicinal material and provides reliable quality assurance.
Due to the ubiquitous Soil degradation problem of eucalyptus plantation, be thus unfavorable for that economic crops are planted, the present invention successfully by Chloranthus glaber interplanting with Eucalyptus Stand under and obtain successfully, take into account economic benefit and ecological benefits.
embodiment
Below in conjunction with specific embodiment, the invention will be further described:
Embodiment 1
Select crown density to be 0.6, the gradient is the eucalyptus woods 1 mu of 35 degree, and what, edge high-band such as grade opened wide 20cm every 15cm in the forest land in cultivates multiple band, lower farmyard manure 500 jin; Select the cloudy day of the seedling of more than 10 within first 15 days of the beginning of spring to transplant, plant spacing presses 20cm; The first seven sky adds compound fertilizer (nitrogen phosphorus fertilizer, middle Shandong green power) after planting; Intertill 2 times then, weeding, protect forest land and clean; Water when ground surface soil drying is turned white, rainy season drains the water away in time; November, plant is cut off from overhead 2cm, obtain dry product 290 kilograms.
Embodiment 2
Select crown density to be 0.8, the gradient is the eucalyptus woods 1 mu of 30 degree; What in forest land, edge waited high-band to open wide 25cm every 20cm cultivates multiple band; Lower organic bio-fertilizer 50 jin (biological organic fertilizer, Jin Beiwo, fertile soil bio tech ltd, Shandong); Select the seedling of more than 15cm to transplant in the cloudy day in first 5 days of the beginning of spring, plant spacing presses 25cm; After Chloranthus glaber plantation, the first seven sky topdresses; Intertill 2 times then, weeding, keeps a public place clean; Water when ground surface soil drying is turned white, during rainy season, drain the water away in time; Mid-November, plant is cut off from overhead 5cm, dry product 270 kilograms; Next year obtains dry product 620 kilograms.
Embodiment 3
Select crown density to be 0.7, the gradient is the eucalyptus woods 1 mu of 35 degree; What in forest land, edge waited high-band to open wide 25cm every 25cm cultivates multiple band; Lower golden agriculture-countryside-farmer's mineral fertilizer 50 jin; Cloudy day of 15 days transplants to select the seedling of more than 15cm after the beginning of spring, and plant spacing presses 22cm; After Chloranthus glaber plantation, the first seven sky topdresses; Intertill 1 time then, weeding, keeps a public place clean; Water when ground surface soil drying is turned white, during rainy season, drain the water away in time; Mid-November, plant is cut off from overhead 3cm, dry product 230 kilograms; Next year obtains dry product 650 kilograms.

Claims (1)

1. a planting technology under Chloranthus glaber eucalyptus, is characterized in that comprising the following steps:
(1) selection in forest land: select crown density to be 0.6 ~ 0.8, the gradient is the eucalyptus woods of less than 35 degree;
(2) wholely: what in forest land, edge waited high-band to open wide 20 ~ 25cm every 15 ~ 20cm cultivates multiple band;
(3) basal dressing: every mu of lower farmyard manure 500 ~ 700 jin or organic bio-fertilizer 50 jin or golden agriculture-countryside-farmer's mineral fertilizer consumptions 50 jin;
(4) cultivate: select the cloudy day of the seedling of more than 10cm before and after the beginning of spring in 15 days to transplant, plant spacing presses 20cm to 25cm, can plant 1200 ~ 1800 strains for every mu;
(5) foster: after Chloranthus glaber plantation, the first seven sky topdresses, based on nitrogen phosphorus fertilizer; Annual intertillage 2 times, keeps loosing soil, without weeds on planting site, protects forest land and cleans; Water when ground surface soil drying is turned white, during rainy season, drain the water away in time;
(6) gather in: November, plant is cut off from overhead 2 ~ 5cm.
CN201510198306.7A 2015-04-24 2015-04-24 Planting technology of sarcandra glabra under eucalyptus Pending CN104770191A (en)

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CN201510198306.7A CN104770191A (en) 2015-04-24 2015-04-24 Planting technology of sarcandra glabra under eucalyptus

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510198306.7A CN104770191A (en) 2015-04-24 2015-04-24 Planting technology of sarcandra glabra under eucalyptus

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CN104770191A true CN104770191A (en) 2015-07-15

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Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103141260A (en) * 2013-03-18 2013-06-12 湖州师范学院 Method for ecologically interplanting sarcandra glabra under phyllostachys edulis forest
CN104126380A (en) * 2013-10-28 2014-11-05 融安县金宜林生物技术有限责任公司 Sarcandra glabra cultivation method
CN104322231A (en) * 2013-12-01 2015-02-04 崔涵宇 Method for interplanting sarcandra glabra in pomelo tree forest

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103141260A (en) * 2013-03-18 2013-06-12 湖州师范学院 Method for ecologically interplanting sarcandra glabra under phyllostachys edulis forest
CN104126380A (en) * 2013-10-28 2014-11-05 融安县金宜林生物技术有限责任公司 Sarcandra glabra cultivation method
CN104322231A (en) * 2013-12-01 2015-02-04 崔涵宇 Method for interplanting sarcandra glabra in pomelo tree forest

Non-Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
广西横县马岭镇大发中草药种植专业合作社: "草珊瑚高产栽培技术简介", 《HTTP://WWW.DFZCY.COM/INFO_VIEW.ASP?ID=685》 *

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