CN104608960A - Automatic carton opening device - Google Patents

Automatic carton opening device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104608960A
CN104608960A CN201510019856.8A CN201510019856A CN104608960A CN 104608960 A CN104608960 A CN 104608960A CN 201510019856 A CN201510019856 A CN 201510019856A CN 104608960 A CN104608960 A CN 104608960A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
transmission
mechanical arm
station
operator
carton
Prior art date
Application number
CN201510019856.8A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104608960B (en
Inventor
钟新富
胡宝林
陶益诚
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浙江欧耀机械有限公司
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Priority to CN201510019856.8A priority Critical patent/CN104608960B/en
Publication of CN104608960A publication Critical patent/CN104608960A/en
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Publication of CN104608960B publication Critical patent/CN104608960B/en

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65BMACHINES, APPARATUS OR DEVICES FOR, OR METHODS OF, PACKAGING ARTICLES OR MATERIALS; UNPACKING
    • B65B43/00Forming, feeding, opening or setting-up containers or receptacles in association with packaging
    • B65B43/12Feeding flexible bags or carton blanks in flat or collapsed state; Feeding flat bags connected to form a series or chain
    • B65B43/14Feeding individual bags or carton blanks from piles or magazines
    • B65B43/16Feeding individual bags or carton blanks from piles or magazines by grippers
    • B65B43/18Feeding individual bags or carton blanks from piles or magazines by grippers by suction-operated grippers
    • B65B43/185Feeding individual bags or carton blanks from piles or magazines by grippers by suction-operated grippers specially adapted for carton blanks
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65BMACHINES, APPARATUS OR DEVICES FOR, OR METHODS OF, PACKAGING ARTICLES OR MATERIALS; UNPACKING
    • B65B43/00Forming, feeding, opening or setting-up containers or receptacles in association with packaging
    • B65B43/26Opening or distending bags; Opening, erecting, or setting-up boxes, cartons, or carton blanks

Abstract

The embodiment of the invention discloses an automatic carton opening device. The automatic carton opening device comprises an operating table, a power distribution cabinet and a control cabinet. A sliding guide rail is arranged above the operating table, winches roll in the sliding guide rail through pulley combinations, a universal transferring device is arranged on the operating table and connected with the winch at one end of the sliding guide rail through a first flexible pull chain, and the winch at the other end of the sliding guide rail is connected with a carton taking device through a second flexible pull chain. By means of the automatic carton opening device, motions of full-automatic displacement, full-automatic folding, full-automatic bottom sealing, full-automatic delivering and the like of cartons can be achieved, the production efficiency is improved, the labor intensity is reduced, and the flexibility of the carton opening device is improved.

Description

A kind of box opening device automatically

Technical field

The present invention relates to packing machinery technology, be specifically related to the full automatic box opening device of a kind of overall process.

Background technology

Automatic box opening device, i.e. case unpacker, be also carton making machine, carton making machine, case unpacker refer to automatically complete unpacking, be shaped, hinged joint warpage of going to the bottom.And complete lower part tape-stripping now, the boxboard building up cardboard is opened, amounts to by certain procedures bottom chest, after the sealing of blend compounds band, flow to the specialized equipment of packing machine.The pipelining equipment of automatic carton forming machine, automatic case unpacking machine are automatically opening cardboard boxes in enormous quantities, automatic folding lower cover, automatic-sealed are gone to the bottom adhesive tape, machine all adopts PLC+ read-out to control, handled easily is greatly that automation size produces requisite equipment.Automatic box opening device can complete that unpacking, right angle is shaped, fold of going to the bottom by follow procedure automatically, and bottom Continuous pressing device for stereo-pattern, has high-speed and high-efficiency, easy to operate, reduces the advantage of packing cost.

Case unpacker is of a great variety in the market, case unpacker disclosed in Chinese invention patent, application number is 201310490050.8, publication date is 2014.01.01, which propose a kind of case unpacker, comprise frame, storage tank mechanism, get draw box mechanism, fall case platform, carton forming mechanism, front and rear covers shaping mechanism, left and right lid shaping mechanism, left and right lid pilot bar and molding machine, storage tank mechanism and get draw box mechanism and be oppositely arranged on above one end of frame, storage tank mechanism and get the case platform that falls being provided with below gap between draw box mechanism and arranging along carton service direction, the fall upside of case platform is also provided with the carton forming mechanism being positioned at storage tank mechanism and getting on front side of draw box mechanism, the fall left side of case platform bearing of trend is provided with front and rear covers shaping mechanism, the fall left and right sides of case platform and front and rear covers shaping mechanism is provided with left and right lid shaping mechanism, the front side of front and rear covers shaping mechanism is provided with the left and right lid pilot bar arranged along carton service direction, molding machine is provided with on front side of the lid pilot bar end of left and right, the vertical chain of one group of parallel correspondence is provided with in frame, vertical chain is engaged on the sprocket wheel of driven by servomotor, and between this group vertical chain, form the passage of carton conveying, the case bar that pushes away by being evenly arranged between vertical chain is connected, storage tank mechanism and get the top that draw box mechanism is positioned at one end of vertical chain, fall case platform, carton forming mechanism, front and rear covers shaping mechanism, left and right lid shaping mechanism, between the carton transfer passage that left and right lid pilot bar and molding machine are formed at this group vertical chain, the disclosure patent of invention achieves the whole smoothization process promoting carton and export to finished product from the case platform that falls, but this case unpacker huge structure, remove and install quantities large, adopt vertical chain simultaneously and push away the mode that case bar matches, though reduce the difficulty of control to a certain extent, but vertical chain and push away case bar and only can horizontal parallel move, increase footprint space, alerting ability is inadequate.

For another example Chinese utility model patent discloses a kind of carton case unpacker, its application number is: 201220614005.X, authorized announcement date is: 2013.04.24, it comprises frame, carton conveying device, for carton board being folded into the carton folding device of shaping carton, case apparatus is got for what draw carton board, for ensureing pressure case apparatus smooth at the bottom of shaping carton case, for shaping carton being pushed to the pressure case apparatus of carton conveying device, push away case apparatus, for placing the pay-off of carton board, to the control setup that carton case unpacker manipulates, pay-off comprises underframe and gravity pressure case down slide device, gravity pressure case down slide device arranges with on underframe, underframe and horizontal direction angle are 23 ~ 24 degree, adopt the case unpacker of this kind of structure, it utilizes the deadweight of carton board to carry out automatic feeding, because its acetabular surgery alerting ability is inadequate, therefore the underframe of pay-off is adopted to tilt to carry out automatic feeding, though this kind of mode can save power, but, when the carton board on underframe is too much, still there is diff-H in sucker and pay-off, even if carton board slides under utilizing deadweight and gets case apparatus place, its carton board still and get between case apparatus and there is instability, cause that feeding is not in place, therefore, for the case unpacker of this kind of structure, it only improves at pay-off, still production requirement can not be met far away.Pay-off and frame link together simultaneously, and when carton board is placed on pay-off, the weight being equal to whole case unpacker increases, and What is more, occurs the danger of tipping, and the carton board of therefore this underframe being placed can not be too much.

Based on above reason, the applicant thinks that can carry out innovation from take out device and carton forming device improves, and therefore, present applicant has proposed a kind of box opening device automatically.

Summary of the invention

Embodiment of the present invention technical matters to be solved is, a kind of box opening device is automatically provided, adopt many group Telescopic cylinders and anti-imitative dynamic two small-sized hoisting machine sliding track stretchings and electrodeless Minitype transmission motor, carton full automaticity can be realized complete the actions such as displacement, folding, back cover, transmission, improve production efficiency, alleviate labour intensity, improve the alerting ability of box opening device.

In order to solve the problems of the technologies described above, embodiments provide a kind of box opening device automatically, comprise: carton board can be unpacked shaping operator's station thereon, for described box opening device provides the electric power distribution cabinet of power, for the control housing manipulated described box opening device, described control housing and described electric power distribution cabinet are placed in operator's station side, slide rail is provided with above described operator's station, winch rolls mobile in described slide rail by pulley combination, described operator's station is provided with universal turnover device, described universal turnover device is connected with the winch of slide rail one end by the first flexible slide fastener, the winch of the described slide rail other end by the second flexible slide fastener with get case apparatus and be connected,

Described universal turnover device comprises retainer, described retainer is connected with and can has enough to meet the need transmission body, boosting cylinder passes described transmission body and is connected in described transmission body by fastening nuts, described transmission body turnover face is fixed with scalable mechanical arm two, described scalable mechanical arm two end is provided with industrial rubber sucker, described boosting cylinder is connected by a guide rod and is used for the lightweight Adjustable device pressing plate that positions carton board, described block pressuring plate to be placed in below slide rail and to be suspended from above operator's station;

Described case apparatus of getting comprises spherical transmission shield, described spherical transmission shield connects scalable mechanical arm one, described scalable mechanical arm one end is provided with industrial rubber sucker, be provided with electrodeless Minitype transmission motor in described spherical transmission shield, described electrodeless Minitype transmission motor is connected with described scalable mechanical arm one.

The embodiment of the present invention can the scalable mechanical arm one of rotation of 360 degree by the electrodeless Minitype transmission motor that arranges in spherical transmission shield, realize the crawl carton board of high flexible, scalable mechanical arm one can carry out free-extension according to getting case height simultaneously, therefore, no matter which kind of position is carton board be in, get case apparatus and all can grab carton board accurately, simultaneously when getting after case apparatus grabs carton board, universal turnover device also 360 degree of rotations can be drawn to carton board, that is, get after case apparatus and universal turnover device cooperatively interact, improve the alerting ability capturing carton and open carton, substantially increase production efficiency, alleviate labour intensity.

Do to supplement further to the automatic box opening device of one that the embodiment of the present invention provides, described box opening device also comprises bottom exterior layer crimping unit and bottom internal layer crimping unit, described bottom internal layer crimping unit to be located on described operator's station and can sway, and described bottom exterior layer crimping unit is located at front and back position on described operator's station.The encapsulation of carton bottom can be realized by bottom internal layer crimping unit and bottom exterior layer crimping unit, enormously simplify technological process, improve work efficiency.

Further to universal turnover device with get case apparatus and be described in detail, be provided with teeth inside described transmission body, described retainer is provided with gear, the teeth engaged transmission on inside described gear and described transmission body; Described industrial rubber sucker is semi-spherical shape, and upper end, described hemisphere center offers notch and circular hole, is provided with joint pin in described circular hole, and scalable mechanical arm one or scalable mechanical arm two are connected with described joint pin by notch; Described electrodeless Minitype transmission motor departs from spherical transmission shield center and to set within it side, and the motor shaft of described electrodeless Minitype transmission motor is connected with described scalable mechanical arm one.Adopt notch can increase the rotation space of scalable mechanical arm one and scalable mechanical arm two, simultaneously joint pin and scalable mechanical arm one and scalable mechanical arm two can circular-rotations, improve universal turnover device and the alerting ability getting case apparatus, electrodeless Minitype transmission motor can drive the without hindrance 360 degree of turnovers of scalable mechanical arm one, further increases and gets the flexible and accurate of case.Universal turnover device utilizes gear and teeth transmission, achieve the turnover of universal turnover device, improve the flexible and accurate of follow-up unpacking step.

Further, described scalable mechanical arm one and its structure of scalable mechanical arm two comprise the first cylinder, are provided with telescopic protection pipe outside described first cylinder.First cylinder is telescopic cylinder, and its distance of stretch out and draw back can carry out according to enterprise practical situation the telescopic cylinder selecting different model, and therefore, this box opening device can change cylinder according to different conditions of the enterprises, improves the commonality of automatic box opening device.Therefore, this automatic box opening device applied range.

Further the bottom exterior layer crimping unit disclosed in the embodiment of the present invention and bottom internal layer crimping unit are described in detail, described bottom exterior layer crimping unit comprises the second cylinder, described second cylinder one end connection fixing block, described fixed block is provided with turning cylinder, described turning cylinder is connected with outer flanging axle by transmission arm, described operator's station offers slot, bottom exterior layer crimping unit is fixed on operator's station through slot by outer flanging axle, described bottom internal layer crimping unit comprises the 3rd cylinder, described 3rd cylinder is connected with curved face type internal layer flanging block, described curved face type internal layer flanging block is with applying glue part.

Do further to optimize to above-mentioned automatic box opening device structure, described automatic box opening device also comprises the carton being arranged on operator's station opposite side and stacks platform, perpendicular to described operator's station and be located on rear side of operator's station for by unpack shaping after carton shift next technological process onto push away case bar.By above structure, can realize carton full automaticity and complete the actions such as displacement, folding, back cover, transmission, without the need to manually unpacking, packaging line is smooth and easy, easily can reach the slitless connection of packaging line in unattended situation, solve the bottleneck of workshop production capacity.

By above description, the usefulness of the embodiment of the present invention is as follows:

In embodiments of the present invention, can the scalable mechanical arm one of rotation of 360 degree by the electrodeless Minitype transmission motor that arranges in spherical transmission shield, realize the crawl carton board of high flexible, scalable mechanical arm one can carry out free-extension according to getting case height simultaneously, therefore, no matter which kind of position is carton board be in, get case apparatus and all can grab carton board accurately, simultaneously when getting after case apparatus grabs carton board, universal turnover device also 360 degree of rotations can be drawn to carton board, that is, get after case apparatus and universal turnover device cooperatively interact, improve the alerting ability capturing carton and open carton, substantially increase production efficiency, alleviate labour intensity.

Bottom internal layer crimping unit and bottom exterior layer crimping unit are set on operator's station simultaneously, the encapsulation of carton bottom can be realized, enormously simplify technological process, improve work efficiency.

Notch is provided with in addition on industrial rubber sucker, adopt notch can increase the rotation space of scalable mechanical arm one and scalable mechanical arm two, simultaneously joint pin and scalable mechanical arm one and scalable mechanical arm two can circular-rotations, improve universal turnover device and the alerting ability getting case apparatus, electrodeless Minitype transmission motor can drive the without hindrance 360 degree of turnovers of scalable mechanical arm one, further increases and gets the flexible and accurate of case.Universal turnover device utilizes gear and teeth transmission, achieve the turnover of universal turnover device, improve the flexible and accurate of follow-up unpacking step.

In the embodiment of the present invention, scalable mechanical arm one and its structure of scalable mechanical arm two comprise the first cylinder, are provided with telescopic protection pipe outside described first cylinder.First cylinder is telescopic cylinder, and its distance of stretch out and draw back can carry out according to enterprise practical situation the telescopic cylinder selecting different model, and therefore, this box opening device can change cylinder according to different conditions of the enterprises, improves the commonality of automatic box opening device.Therefore, this automatic box opening device applied range.

The automatic box opening device of the one that the embodiment of the present invention provides, adopt many group Telescopic cylinders and anti-imitative dynamic two small-sized hoisting machine sliding track stretchings and electrodeless Minitype transmission motor, carton full automaticity can be realized and complete the actions such as displacement, folding, back cover, transmission, without the need to manually unpacking, packaging line is smooth and easy, easily can reach the slitless connection of packaging line in unattended situation, solve the bottleneck of workshop production capacity.

The automatic box opening device of the one that the last embodiment of the present invention provides, its structure takies vertical direction spatial substantially, reaches integrally-built compact sense, and level of having saved takes up an area space, substantially increases workshop area utilization.

In sum, the automatic box opening device of the one that the embodiment of the present invention provides, by universal turnover device and get case apparatus and cooperatively interact, can highly precisely realize automatically unpacking, improve production efficiency, alleviate labour intensity, improve the alerting ability of box opening device.

For various concrete structure and the effect thereof of the embodiment of the present invention, further detailed description will be made by reference to the accompanying drawings below.

Accompanying drawing explanation

In order to be illustrated more clearly in the embodiment of the present invention or technical scheme of the prior art, be briefly described to the accompanying drawing used required in embodiment or description of the prior art below, apparently, accompanying drawing in the following describes is only some embodiments of the present invention, for those of ordinary skill in the art, under the prerequisite not paying creative work, other accompanying drawing can also be obtained according to these accompanying drawings.

Fig. 1 is the automatic box opening device block diagram that the embodiment of the present invention provides.

Fig. 2 is A place amplification profile in Fig. 1.

Fig. 3 is B place amplification profile in Fig. 1.

Fig. 4 is C place amplification profile in Fig. 1.

Fig. 5 is D place amplification stereogram in Fig. 1.

Fig. 6 is automatic box opening device mode of operation 1 block diagram that the embodiment of the present invention provides.

Fig. 7 is automatic box opening device mode of operation 2 block diagram that the embodiment of the present invention provides.

Fig. 8 is automatic box opening device mode of operation 3 block diagram that the embodiment of the present invention provides.

Operator's station-1; Electric power distribution cabinet-2; Control housing-3; Slide rail-4; Winch-5; Pulley combination-6; Universal turnover device-7; First flexible slide fastener-8; Second flexible slide fastener-9; Get case apparatus-10; Retainer-11; Transmission body-12; Boosting cylinder-13; Scalable mechanical arm two-14; Industrial rubber sucker-15; Guide rod-16; Block pressuring plate-17; Spherical transmission shield-18; Scalable mechanical arm one-19; Electrodeless Minitype transmission motor-20; Bottom exterior layer crimping unit-21; Bottom internal layer crimping unit-22; Teeth-23; Gear-24; Notch-25; Circular hole-26; Joint pin-27; First cylinder-28; Telescopic protection pipe-29; Second cylinder-30; Fixed block-31; Turning cylinder-32; Transmission arm-33; Outer flanging axle-34; Slot-35; 3rd cylinder-36; Curved face type internal layer flanging block-37; Carton stacks platform-38; Push away case bar-39.

Detailed description of the invention

The automatic box opening device that the embodiment of the present invention provides, adopt many group Telescopic cylinders and anti-imitative dynamic two small-sized hoisting machine sliding track stretchings and electrodeless Minitype transmission motor, carton full automaticity can be realized complete the actions such as displacement, folding, back cover, transmission, improve production efficiency, alleviate labour intensity, improve the alerting ability of box opening device.

Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawing in the embodiment of the present invention, be clearly and completely described the technical scheme in the embodiment of the present invention, obviously, described embodiment is only the present invention's part embodiment, instead of whole embodiments.Based on the embodiment in the present invention, the every other embodiment that those of ordinary skill in the art obtain under the prerequisite of not making creative work, all belongs to the scope of protection of the invention.

See Fig. 1, it is the automatic box opening device block diagram that the embodiment of the present invention provides, the automatic box opening device of the one that the embodiment of the present invention provides comprises operator's station 1, carton board can be unpacked shaping on its operator's station 1, for described box opening device provides the electric power distribution cabinet 2 of power, for the control housing 3 manipulated described box opening device, described control housing 3 and described electric power distribution cabinet 2 are close to and are placed in the same side of operator's station 1, slide rail 4 is provided with above described operator's station 1, slide rail 4 is provided with two winchs 5, described winch 5 is anti-imitative dynamic small winch, composition graphs 2, winch 5 rolls mobile in described slide rail 4 by pulley combination 6, pulley combination 6 is adopted to roll, greatly reduce the friction between winch 5 and slide rail 4, mobile more free, described operator's station 1 is provided with universal turnover device 7, described universal turnover device 7 is connected with the winch 5 of slide rail 4 one end by the first flexible slide fastener 8, the winch 5 of described slide rail 4 other end by the second flexible slide fastener 9 with get case apparatus 10 and be connected, first flexible slide fastener 8 and the second flexible slide fastener 9 are wrapped on winch 5, in the course of the work, and can freedom retractable.Described universal turnover device 7 comprises retainer 11, described retainer 11 is connected with and can has enough to meet the need transmission body 12, be provided with teeth 23 inside described transmission body 12, described retainer 11 is provided with gear 24, teeth 23 engaged transmission on inside described gear 24 and described transmission body, when retainer 11 has enough to meet the need motion, by the engagement of gear 24 and teeth 23, transmission body 12 is made to have enough to meet the need motion, its structure is simple, successful, boosting cylinder 13 passes described transmission body 12 and is connected in described transmission body 12 by fastening nuts, described transmission body 12 turnover face is fixed with scalable mechanical arm 2 14, described scalable mechanical arm 2 14 end is provided with industrial rubber sucker 15, described boosting cylinder 13 is connected the lightweight Adjustable device pressing plate 17 being used for carton board being positioned to gear pressure by a guide rod 16, the effect of block pressuring plate 17 is used to when getting case apparatus 10 and carboard being taken to operator's station 1, block pressuring plate 17 carries out gear pressure to the carton board upper cover after expansion, glue molding is carried out in the applying glue of carton bottom flanging more simultaneously, described block pressuring plate 17 to be placed in below slide rail 4 and to be suspended from above operator's station 1, described case apparatus 10 of getting comprises spherical transmission shield 18, described spherical transmission shield 18 connects scalable mechanical arm 1, described scalable mechanical arm 1 end is provided with industrial rubber sucker 15, be provided with electrodeless Minitype transmission motor 20 in described spherical transmission shield 18, described electrodeless Minitype transmission motor 20 is connected with described scalable mechanical arm 1.Described scalable mechanical arm 1 and its structure of scalable mechanical arm 2 14 comprise the first cylinder 28, are provided with telescopic protection pipe 29 outside described first cylinder 28.First cylinder 28 is telescopic cylinder, and its distance of stretch out and draw back can carry out according to enterprise practical situation the telescopic cylinder selecting different model, and therefore, this box opening device can change cylinder according to different conditions of the enterprises, improves the commonality of automatic box opening device.This is box opening device applied range automatically.See Fig. 3, described industrial rubber sucker 15 is semi-spherical shape, upper end, described hemisphere center offers notch 25 and circular hole 26, is provided with joint pin 27 in described circular hole 26, and scalable mechanical arm 1 or scalable mechanical arm 2 14 are connected with described joint pin 27 by notch 25; Depart from spherical transmission shield center see Minitype transmission motor 20 electrodeless described in Fig. 4 to set within it side, the motor shaft of described electrodeless Minitype transmission motor 20 is connected with described scalable mechanical arm 1.Adopt notch 25 can increase the rotation space of scalable mechanical arm 1 or scalable mechanical arm 2 14, simultaneously joint pin 27 and scalable mechanical arm 1 or scalable mechanical arm 2 14 can circular-rotations, improve universal turnover device 7 and the alerting ability getting case apparatus 10, electrodeless Minitype transmission motor 20 can drive the without hindrance 360 degree of turnovers of scalable mechanical arm 1, further increases and gets the flexible and accurate of case.Universal turnover device 7 utilizes gear 24 and teeth 23 transmission, achieve the turnover of universal turnover device 7, improve the flexible and accurate of follow-up unpacking step.

The embodiment of the present invention can the scalable mechanical arm 1 of rotation of 360 degree by the electrodeless Minitype transmission motor 20 of setting spherical transmission shield 18 in, realize the crawl carton board of high flexible, scalable mechanical arm 1 can carry out free-extension according to getting case height simultaneously, therefore, no matter which kind of position is carton board be in, get case apparatus 10 and all can grab carton board accurately, simultaneously when getting after case apparatus 10 grabs carton board, universal turnover device 7 also 360 degree of rotations can be drawn to carton board, that is, get after case apparatus 10 and universal turnover device 7 cooperatively interact, improve the alerting ability capturing carton and open carton, substantially increase production efficiency, alleviate labour intensity.

See Fig. 5, described box opening device also comprises bottom exterior layer crimping unit 21 and bottom internal layer crimping unit 22, described bottom internal layer crimping unit 22 to be located on described operator's station 1 and can sway, and described bottom exterior layer crimping unit 21 is located at front and back position on described operator's station 1.Described bottom exterior layer crimping unit 21 comprises the second cylinder 30, described second cylinder 30 one end connection fixing block 31, described fixed block 31 is provided with turning cylinder 32, described turning cylinder 32 is connected with outer flanging axle 34 by transmission arm 33, described operator's station 1 offers slot 35, bottom exterior layer crimping unit 21 is fixed on operator's station 1 through slot 35 by outer flanging axle 34, described bottom internal layer crimping unit 22 comprises the 3rd cylinder 36, described 3rd cylinder 36 is connected with curved face type internal layer flanging block 37, and described curved face type internal layer flanging block 37 is with applying glue part.The encapsulation of carton bottom can be realized by bottom internal layer crimping unit 22 and bottom exterior layer crimping unit 21, enormously simplify technological process, improve work efficiency.

Do further to optimize to above-mentioned automatic box opening device structure, composition graphs 8, described automatic box opening device also comprises the carton being arranged on operator's station 1 opposite side and stacks platform 38, carton stacks the carton board being placed with in platform 38 and not launching, perpendicular to described operator's station 1 and be located on rear side of operator's station 1 for by unpack shaping after carton shift next technological process onto push away case bar 39.When carton board unpack shaping after, shaping carton shifted onto move down in process procedure by pushing away case bar 39, by above structure, carton full automaticity can be realized and complete the actions such as displacement, folding, back cover, transmission, without the need to manually unpacking, packaging line is smooth and easy, easily can reach the slitless connection of packaging line, solve the bottleneck of workshop production capacity in unattended situation.

At the automatic box opening device of one that the embodiment of the present invention provides, industrial PLC is provided with in its control housing, the electric elementss such as process time electrical equipment, contactless switch, electromagnetic valve are provided with, rate-determining steps and node capable of circulation under the electric elementss such as industrial PLC and process time electrical equipment, contactless switch, electromagnetic valve in each parts.After setting unpacking program, unmanned automation mechanized operation can be realized.

Composition graphs 6 to Fig. 8, embodiment of the present invention principle of work is as follows:

The first step: touch carton by scalable mechanical arm 1 stretching, extension through industrial rubber sucker 15 and stack platform 38 upper paper box plate (performing instruction-).Second step: through industrial rubber sucker 15 adsorbing plane bright and clean watt of rib paperboard boxboard, downward pushing industrial rubber sucker, plane presses to have enough to meet the need at electrodeless Minitype transmission motor 20 after carton board forms vacuum suction effect and slides to drive transfer through hoisting machine 5 with slide rail 4 and do not launch carton board in positional operand station 1 position, boosting cylinder 13 shrink block pressuring plate 17 locate after (performing instruction two).3rd step: after the carton do not launched in like manner is adsorbed in the industrial rubber sucker 15 symmetry touching of its correspondence of scalable mechanical arm 2 14 stretching, extension on universal turnover device 7, the scalable mechanical arm 2 14 of synchronous and startup hoisting machine 5, slide rail 4 execution slides to the flexible slide fastener of contraction first 8 makes carton board launch shaping (performing instruction three).4th step: again through lift cylinder 13 again bottom internal layer crimping unit 22 the 3rd cylinder 36 act under, curved face type internal layer flanging block 37 is driven to promote carton bottom internal layer flanging and apply adhesive by the applying glue part on it, after bottom internal layer crimping unit 22 is return, bottom exterior layer flanging fills 22 and under the second cylinder 30 acts on, promotes rapidly transmission arm 33 lead outer flanging axle 34 and push the outer flanging of carton bottom to; Lift cylinder 13 declines step-down, and block pressuring plate 17 descends the molded carton of downshift simultaneously, makes carton bottom glue molding (performing instruction four).5th step: push block pressuring plate 17 at lift cylinder 13 and control shaping carton, flanging in back cover, applying glue returns moment, and the second cylinder 30 on bottom exterior layer crimping unit 21 promotes transmission arm 33 and drives the outer flanging of outer flanging axle 34 set up box; Push gummed carton bottom at the downward voltage-controlled block pressuring plate 17 of boosting cylinder 13 simultaneously, complete carton automatic bottom shaping (performing instruction five).6th step: carton upper and lower by block pressuring plate 17 in operator's station 1 positioning control time, shrink the industrial rubber sucker 15 of scalable mechanical arm 1 and scalable mechanical arm 2 14 immediately, after causing shaping carton disengagement industrial rubber sucker 15, boosting cylinder 13 transmission block pressuring plate 17, case bar 39 transmission that pushes away arranged on rear side of operator's station 1 again pushes shaping back cover carton through high and low load-transfer device, transmits carton and enters flow production line and enter fully-automatic packaging and has connected (execution instruction six); Complete the 6th step industrial rubber sucker depart from shaping carton after again circulation perform instruction one, two, three ... process reciprocation cycle, the full-automatic docking property of link import carton auto-folder, the shaping function of back cover.

Known by foregoing description, automatic box opening device provided by the invention at least has the following advantages:

(1) in embodiments of the present invention, can the scalable mechanical arm one of rotation of 360 degree by the electrodeless Minitype transmission motor that arranges in spherical transmission shield, realize the crawl carton board of high flexible, scalable mechanical arm one can carry out free-extension according to getting case height simultaneously, therefore, no matter which kind of position is carton board be in, get case apparatus and all can grab carton board accurately, simultaneously when getting after case apparatus grabs carton board, universal turnover device also 360 degree of rotations can be drawn to carton board, that is, get after case apparatus and universal turnover device cooperatively interact, improve the alerting ability capturing carton and open carton, substantially increase production efficiency, alleviate labour intensity,

(2) bottom internal layer crimping unit and bottom exterior layer crimping unit are set on operator's station, the encapsulation of carton bottom can be realized, enormously simplify technological process, improve work efficiency;

(3) on industrial rubber sucker, notch is provided with, adopt notch can increase the rotation space of scalable mechanical arm one and scalable mechanical arm two, simultaneously joint pin and scalable mechanical arm one and scalable mechanical arm two can circular-rotations, improve universal turnover device and the alerting ability getting case apparatus, electrodeless Minitype transmission motor can drive the without hindrance 360 degree of turnovers of scalable mechanical arm one, further increases and gets the flexible and accurate of case.Universal turnover device utilizes gear and teeth transmission, achieve the turnover of universal turnover device, improve the flexible and accurate of follow-up unpacking step;

(4) in the embodiment of the present invention, scalable mechanical arm one and its structure of scalable mechanical arm two comprise the first cylinder, are provided with telescopic protection pipe outside described first cylinder.First cylinder is telescopic cylinder, and its distance of stretch out and draw back can carry out according to enterprise practical situation the telescopic cylinder selecting different model, and therefore, this box opening device can change cylinder according to different conditions of the enterprises, improves the commonality of automatic box opening device.Therefore, this automatic box opening device applied range;

(5) the automatic box opening device of one that provides of the embodiment of the present invention, adopt many group Telescopic cylinders and anti-imitative dynamic two small-sized hoisting machine sliding track stretchings and electrodeless Minitype transmission motor, carton full automaticity can be realized and complete the actions such as displacement, folding, back cover, transmission, without the need to manually unpacking, packaging line is smooth and easy, easily can reach the slitless connection of packaging line in unattended situation, solve the bottleneck of workshop production capacity;

(6) the automatic box opening device of one that provides of the embodiment of the present invention, its structure takies vertical direction spatial substantially, reaches integrally-built compact sense, and level of having saved takes up an area space, substantially increases workshop area utilization.

Above content is in conjunction with concrete preferred implementation further description made for the present invention, can not assert that specific embodiment of the invention is confined to these explanations.For general technical staff of the technical field of the invention, without departing from the inventive concept of the premise, some simple deduction or replace can also be made, all should be considered as belonging to protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (6)

1. an automatic box opening device, comprise carton board can to unpack thereon shaping operator's station, for described box opening device provides the electric power distribution cabinet of power, for the control housing manipulated described box opening device, described control housing and described electric power distribution cabinet are placed in operator's station side, slide rail is provided with above described operator's station, winch rolls mobile in described slide rail by pulley combination, it is characterized in that, described operator's station is provided with universal turnover device, described universal turnover device is connected with the winch of slide rail one end by the first flexible slide fastener, the winch of the described slide rail other end by the second flexible slide fastener with get case apparatus and be connected,
Described universal turnover device comprises retainer, described retainer is connected with and can has enough to meet the need transmission body, boosting cylinder passes described transmission body and is connected in described transmission body by fastening nuts, described transmission body turnover face is fixed with scalable mechanical arm two, described scalable mechanical arm two end is provided with industrial rubber sucker, described boosting cylinder is connected by a guide rod and is used for the lightweight Adjustable device pressing plate that positions carton board, described block pressuring plate to be placed in below slide rail and to be suspended from above operator's station;
Described case apparatus of getting comprises spherical transmission shield, described spherical transmission shield connects scalable mechanical arm one, described scalable mechanical arm one end is provided with industrial rubber sucker, be provided with electrodeless Minitype transmission motor in described spherical transmission shield, described electrodeless Minitype transmission motor is connected with described scalable mechanical arm one.
2. the automatic box opening device of one according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described box opening device also comprises bottom exterior layer crimping unit and bottom internal layer crimping unit, described bottom internal layer crimping unit to be located on described operator's station and can sway, and described bottom exterior layer crimping unit is located at front and back position on described operator's station.
3. the automatic box opening device of one according to claim 2, is characterized in that, is provided with teeth inside described transmission body, and described retainer is provided with gear, the teeth engaged transmission on inside described gear and described transmission body; Described industrial rubber sucker is semi-spherical shape, and upper end, described hemisphere center offers notch and circular hole, is provided with joint pin in described circular hole, and scalable mechanical arm one or scalable mechanical arm two are connected with described joint pin by notch; Described electrodeless Minitype transmission motor departs from spherical transmission shield center and to set within it side, and the motor shaft of described electrodeless Minitype transmission motor is connected with described scalable mechanical arm one.
4. the automatic box opening device of one according to any one of claim 1 or 3, is characterized in that, described scalable mechanical arm one and its structure of scalable mechanical arm two comprise the first cylinder, are provided with telescopic protection pipe outside described first cylinder.
5. the automatic box opening device of the one according to Claims 2 or 3, it is characterized in that, described bottom exterior layer crimping unit comprises the second cylinder, described second cylinder one end connection fixing block, described fixed block is provided with turning cylinder, described turning cylinder is connected with outer flanging axle by transmission arm, described operator's station offers slot, bottom exterior layer crimping unit is fixed on operator's station through slot by outer flanging axle, described bottom internal layer crimping unit comprises the 3rd cylinder, described 3rd cylinder is connected with curved face type internal layer flanging block, described curved face type internal layer flanging block is with applying glue part.
6. the automatic box opening device of the one according to any one of claims 1 to 3, it is characterized in that, described automatic box opening device also comprises the carton being arranged on operator's station opposite side and stacks platform, perpendicular to described operator's station and be located on rear side of operator's station for by unpack shaping after carton shift next technological process onto push away case bar.
CN201510019856.8A 2015-01-15 2015-01-15 A kind of box opening device automatically CN104608960B (en)

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CN108394584A (en) * 2018-02-24 2018-08-14 格力电器(石家庄)有限公司 The boxing apparatus and packing method of air conditioner
CN109573123A (en) * 2018-10-30 2019-04-05 格林美股份有限公司 One kind quantitatively packing rotating device
DE102018132330A1 (en) * 2018-12-14 2020-06-18 Krones Aktiengesellschaft Packaging device, removal device and method for removing a cardboard blank

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CN203740203U (en) * 2014-01-13 2014-07-30 广东科达机电股份有限公司 Upward-suction-type horizontal carton opening mechanism
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US3323283A (en) * 1964-06-15 1967-06-06 Emhart Corp Apparatus for handling cases being loaded
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CN1041912A (en) * 1987-10-14 1990-05-09 株式会社技术生产 Make the method for chest with carton blank
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CN108394584A (en) * 2018-02-24 2018-08-14 格力电器(石家庄)有限公司 The boxing apparatus and packing method of air conditioner
CN109573123A (en) * 2018-10-30 2019-04-05 格林美股份有限公司 One kind quantitatively packing rotating device
DE102018132330A1 (en) * 2018-12-14 2020-06-18 Krones Aktiengesellschaft Packaging device, removal device and method for removing a cardboard blank

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