CN104444396A - Separation device for detaching and stacking stamped sheet metal - Google Patents

Separation device for detaching and stacking stamped sheet metal Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104444396A
CN104444396A CN201410612442.1A CN201410612442A CN104444396A CN 104444396 A CN104444396 A CN 104444396A CN 201410612442 A CN201410612442 A CN 201410612442A CN 104444396 A CN104444396 A CN 104444396A
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China
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plate
ratchet
top layer
cylinder
expeller
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CN201410612442.1A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104444396B (en
Inventor
夏薇
覃荣武
王承辉
曾建民
胡治流
廖小平
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广西大学
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Priority to CN201410612442.1A priority Critical patent/CN104444396B/en
Publication of CN104444396A publication Critical patent/CN104444396A/en
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Publication of CN104444396B publication Critical patent/CN104444396B/en

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Abstract

A separation device for detaching and stacking stamped sheet metal comprises a driving mechanism, a pushing mechanism, a lifting mechanism, a separating mechanism and a sheet metal supporting base. The sheet metal supporting base is used for supporting the other mechanisms and stacking the sheet metal. The pushing mechanism allows a pushing assembly to slide linearly in the horizontal guide direction of a guide support through a vertical slide rod connected with a cylinder so that the effect of pushing out the sheet metal on the top layer can be achieved. The lifting mechanism controls the guide support to rise and fall by adjusting the number of rotation circles of a screw so that a push block can always keep aligned with the sheet metal on the top layer when starting to work. The separating mechanism is connected to the lifting mechanism when a steel wire rope is wound around a pulley so that the separating mechanism can synchronously rise and fall together with the lifting mechanism under the influences of the gravity of the separating mechanism. A separating rod can prevent the sheet metal on the top layer from absorbing the sheet metal on the lower layer and sliding together with the sheet metal on the top layer, and a separating inclined block makes a gap formed between the sheet metal on the top layer and a sheet metal stack. The intermittent movement of the pushing mechanism and the lifting mechanism is achieved through double ratchets by means of the driving device. The separation device is easy to operate, high in efficiency, good in separation effect, high in flexibility and wide in applicability.

Description

A kind of disengagement gear for punching press plate unstacking

Technical field

The present invention relates to a kind of disengagement gear for plate unstacking, relate in particular to and realize automatic producing technology, particularly the sheet separator in metal plate punching field.

Background technology

In the industrial production, the processing of sheet metal component is ubiquitous, constantly perfect along with Stamping Die Technology, the production efficiency of sheet metal component is greatly improved, but due to closely sticky not easily separated mutually because of oil stain or other factors between plate, cause artificial feeding greatly reduce production efficiency and add labour intensity, therefore, the disengagement gear of plate unstacking has become with manipulator automatic feeding to improve one of core of sheet metal forming efficiency.And at present, only have by artificial crawl plate or adopt magnet adsorptive separation, the former inefficiency, labour intensity are high, poor stability; The latter easily occurs capturing when plate is opened on top adsorbs a time top plate, separating effect instability, and frequently, efficiency is relative also lower for repeated isolation.

Chinese patent 201320079780.4 discloses a kind of Novel cold punching press plate disconnector, be made up of toothed bar bar and handle, utilize the sawtooth on plate disconnector and plate inclination certain angle, drive top layer plate to move when guaranteeing that hand is up carried and realize being separated, this disconnector belongs to complete manual operations.

Chinese patent 201110459456.0 discloses a kind of plate unstacking seperator, comprise: the plate carrying platform being fixed on lifting mechanism above base and top thereof, and divide the inflatable body in both sides and mechanism for picking, when plate buttress is elevated to blow gun position by lifting mechanism, carrying out blows is separated, need during the work of this seperator constantly to promote tall and big heavy plate buttress, difficulty increases.

Chinese patent 201020590103.5 discloses a kind of automobile component shearing, suppression process sheet separator, comprise pusher and pneumatic or electronic actuating device and vertically, the regulating mechanism of level, this device is by the position of regulation output end, pusher pin horizontal aligument top is made to open plate, being separated plate by ejecting mechanism, there is the problem of pusher descending stroke limited space in this disengagement gear; Simultaneously the gravity of pusher applies pressure to plate buttress upper surface completely, and plate skids off resistance and increases, and release stroke too in short-term, plate separating effect is not obvious.

Along with manufacturing high development and constantly progress, modern automation Production requirement significantly improves, the consciousness of enterprise automation High-efficient Production is more and more clear, more and more automated production pattern tending to pursuit high-quality high-efficiency, therefore, a kind of cheap simple, efficient production facilities and accessory equipment thereof are automatically thirsted for by enterprise, as punching press plate carry out processes time, due to the adsorption of plate anti-corrosion oil, mutual adhesion between plate, at this moment needs the sheet separator of assisting to be separated plate to improve the work efficiency of stamping line.And existing separation method compares and lacks, M/C is manually carried out in basic dependence, and labour intensity is high, and production efficiency is low, and potential safety hazard is large.

Summary of the invention

The object of the invention is the demand in order to meet modern automation production model to a greater extent, a kind of disengagement gear for punching press plate unstacking is provided, for solving the M/C that in existing can manufacturing production, plate is separated, labour intensity is high, the problems such as production efficiency is low, and potential safety hazard is large provide a kind of method.

The present invention solves the problems of the technologies described above with following technical scheme:

For a disengagement gear for punching press plate unstacking, comprise driver train, pusher, lifting mechanism, separation device and support plate base;

Described driver train comprises joystick, self-locking mechanism, the first nut, the first cylinder, the second cylinder, big gear wheel, ratchet and miniature gears, miniature gears is connected with the first nut and engages with big gear wheel, twists the first nut and can make pinion rotation and the rotation driving big gear wheel; Big gear wheel is connected with ratchet by connecting rod, and the back of tooth of ratchet is provided with check pawl and ratchet, and check pawl and ratchet engage with the ratchet back of tooth under the action of the spring; Self-locking mechanism is connected with depression bar, releasing and the locking of self-locking mechanism are controlled by joystick, when controlling joystick and making self-locking mechanism lock, promotion depression bar is compressed check pawl to self-locking mechanism and ratchet makes it depart from the ratchet back of tooth, when controlling joystick and making self-locking mechanism remove, check pawl and ratchet engage with the ratchet back of tooth under the action of the spring again; Ratchet is connected with fork, and fork is connected with the first slide block, and the first slide block is arranged on the second slide block, and the second slide block is provided with dovetail furrow;

Described pusher comprises pushing material component, guide type shoe and upright sliding bar, and the upper end of upright sliding bar is connected with the first cylinder, and lower end is connected with the second cylinder by dovetail furrow; One end of pushing material component is connected on upright sliding bar, the other end also can along guide type shoe horizontal motion through guide type shoe, when the first cylinder and the second cylinder shrink, upright sliding bar is driven to promote pushing material component along guide type shoe horizontal motion, the top layer plate of plate buttress upper surface is ejected by expeller, top layer plate skids off and slides the separation skewback disengaging bar on pushing material component opposite with gradient, make top layer plate pile up neatly with plate between relative movement and slowly air inlet be separated completely, be convenient to manipulator feeding and carry out following process; Described lifting mechanism comprise be fixed on the second nut in the middle of guide type shoe, the screw rod of connection bracket, screw rod bottom be connected with big gear wheel, the rotation of big gear wheel can drive bolt rotary; When the cylinder rod of the first cylinder and the second cylinder extends, upright sliding bar promotes dovetail furrow and also drives fork to swing, and pawl-and-gearing is engaged, driving pawl rotation, and drives big gear wheel by connecting rod, makes bolt rotary, realizes the lifting of pushing material component;

Described separation device comprises oval guidepost and disengaging bar, disengaging bar one end is connected with oval guidepost, the other end is for being separated skewback, the second contact that disengaging bar is tied on separation device by steel wire cable realizes being connected with pusher with the first contact on pusher, the decline of pushing material component can loosen steel wire cable, disengaging bar also declines due to own wt thereupon, realizes and pushing material component synchronization lifting; Meanwhile, disengaging bar plays the effect of the plate buttress under fixing top layer plate, prevents top layer plate from adsorbing lower floor plate and skids off together, and is separated skewback object when being top layer plate short distance is moved, and realizing air inlet between plate is separated, and reduces to release stroke;

Described support plate base comprises bed plate, has been bolted support above bed plate, and support is used for fixing the first cylinder and the second cylinder, upright sliding bar and screw rod, for the plate stacking of disengagement gear provides sufficiently high space; The bed plate on support opposite has chute, and oval guidepost is arranged on chute, can install the position regulating oval guidepost, and be fixedly clamped by catch gear according to plate size.

Pushing material component in described pusher comprises charging ram, expeller, fixed block, stay bearing plate, guide pillar, spring leaf, pad, locating dowel pin, position-limited lever, stop collar and fixing screw, charging ram one end is connected on upright sliding bar, other end connection fixing block, expeller and stay bearing plate are arranged on below fixed block and top respectively by the guide pillar at two ends, between expeller and fixed block, be provided with spring leaf, be provided with pad between stay bearing plate and fixed block, stay bearing plate side is provided with inclined-plane, the height of expeller can be regulated to complete the first positioned in alignment of expeller and top layer plate or regulate the diff-H of expeller and disengaging bar according to the sheet thickness that the plate of different batches is piled up neatly by pad, also can be carried out the large adjustment of the diff-H of expeller and disengaging bar by steel wire cable, locating dowel pin is located on fixed block, position-limited lever comprises two 7 font rod members and the cross bar being connected 7 font rod members, one end of position-limited lever is made to be hook-shaped, hook-shaped end is also provided with the inclined-plane matched with stay bearing plate, the other end of position-limited lever is provided with stop collar by fixing screw, the travel position of stop collar is regulated by fixing screw, expeller pushing material component release nearly end position time, stop collar withstands on the horizontal motion that guide type shoe end face stops position-limited lever, and a bit of for motion distance is also just reached the limit of position by pushing material component, this process position-limited lever makes expeller promote certain height along guide pillar by being coordinated with the inclined-plane on stay bearing plate by the inclined-plane of its hook-shaped end, then the plane of position-limited lever hook-shaped end and the plane of stay bearing plate overlap, avoid the decline of pushing material component in return course and scratch plate, after turning back to position location, the cross bar of position-limited lever first contacts guide type shoe and stops the motion of its return, the plane of the plane and stay bearing plate of removing position-limited lever hook-shaped end overlaps, and expeller declines due to self gravitation and the effect being installed on the spring leaf on fixed block and accurately locates next top layer plate.

The pitch of described screw rod and the proportional relation of the number of teeth of ratchet, when cylinder rod extends certain length, upright sliding bar driving pawl rotates the corresponding number of teeth, and big gear wheel rotates corresponding angle thereupon, makes bolt rotary and drives charging ram just in time to decline the thickness of a plate.

The bottom of described oval guidepost and top are respectively arranged with the first pulley and the second pulley, bed plate is provided with the 3rd pulley and the 4th pulley in the bottom near screw rod, the lower end of guide type shoe is the first contact of steel wire cable, steel wire cable connects the 4th pulley, the 3rd pulley, the first pulley and the second pulley successively from the first contact, finally connects the second contact being located at disengaging bar lower end.

Described bed plate is also provided with a stock supporting plate, for stacking plate, bed plate bottom welding has four shaped steel pin, and disengagement gear pulsation-free is positioned in processing facility floor.

Disengagement gear for punching press plate unstacking of the present invention, compared with existing disengagement gear, has the following advantages:

(1) lifting mechanism is by the lifting of the rotating cycle regulable control guide type shoe of screw rod, realize remaining when expeller is started working and push up a plate and align, this mechanism makes plate unstacking process without the need to being elevated heavy plate buttress, reduce the prime power load of lifting, simplify the internal structure of an organization, reduce mechanical wear, reduce costs.

(2) separation device of plate buttress, is wound around many places roller by steel wire cable and is connected to lifting mechanism, can follow lifting mechanism synchronization lifting, ease of Use due to the gravity of self.In addition, disengaging bar plays the effect of the plate buttress under fixing top layer, prevents top layer plate from adsorbing lower floor's plate and skids off together.

(3) separation device of plate buttress is designed with separation skewback, realize producing space between top layer plate and plate buttress, between plate, slow air inlet makes the plate mutually adsorbed because of grease more easily produce relative sliding, also reduces simultaneously and facilitates the dynamics of manipulator gripping, reduce the damage of device.And reduce the stroke of a top plate and plate buttress relative sliding, reduce mobile space, improve separation efficiency and separating effect.

(4) oval guidepost is arranged on the chute of bed plate, the distance can piled up neatly according to the size free adjustment separation device of plate and plate, and is fixedly clamped by catch gear, and alerting ability is strong, and applicability is wide.

(5) described pushing material component utilizes the upright sliding bar connecting cylinder to realize pushing material component and makes linear slide along the horizontally-guided of guide type shoe, reaches the effect releasing top layer plate, makes pushing material component without the need to the propulsion source of other subsidiary tracheaes or oil pipe.The pusher carried by screw rod does not press on plate, reduces interactional adsorption affinity and friction force when plate slides.

(6) intermittent moment of described pusher and lifting mechanism is realized by two ratchet, when cylinder rod shrinks, check pawl and ratchet all slide at hook tooth back, only thrust is produced to pusher, reach the object releasing plate: when cylinder rod stretches out, ratchet engages with ratchet, promote the rotation that big gear wheel drives screw rod, realize the decline of guide type shoe, decrease empty running journey and the work-hours of engine installation, improve degree of utilization and production time.

(7) the support plate base described in comprises four the shaped steel pin welded below bed plate, can be positioned over processing facility floor by pulsation-free; Support has been bolted, for fixing cylinder, upright sliding bar and screw rod, for the plate stacking of disengagement gear provides sufficiently high space above it; Support opposite bed plate has chute, and oval guidepost is arranged on chute, can install the position regulating oval guidepost, and be fixedly clamped by catch gear according to plate size.Base upper surface can place the plate buttress stock supporting plate freely changed.Reduce the number of times repeating to change plate buttress, reduce labor content, increase work efficiency.

(8) pushing material component in described pusher can regulate the height of expeller complete the first positioned in alignment of expeller and top layer plate or regulate the diff-H of expeller and disengaging bar according to the sheet thickness that different batches of plates are piled up neatly by pad, also can be carried out the large adjustment of the diff-H of expeller and disengaging bar if necessary by metallic cable; Meanwhile, expeller in return course in advance on move certain altitude, avoid scratching plate; After turning back to position location, expeller declines due to spring leaf and the gravity of self and accurately locates next top layer plate.

Accompanying drawing explanation

Fig. 1 is the structural representation of disengagement gear under aligned condition for punching press plate unstacking of the present invention.

Fig. 2 be Fig. 1 face structural representation.

Fig. 3 is the structural representation that plate state released by the disengagement gear for punching press plate unstacking of the present invention.

Fig. 4 is the separation unit bottoms structural representation one for punching press plate unstacking of the present invention.

Fig. 5 is the separation unit bottoms structural representation two for punching press plate unstacking of the present invention.

Fig. 6 is the pusher structural representation of the disengagement gear for punching press plate unstacking of the present invention.

Fig. 7 is the pushing material component structural representation of the disengagement gear for punching press plate unstacking of the present invention.

Fig. 8 is the position-limited lever structural representation of the disengagement gear for punching press plate unstacking of the present invention.

Fig. 9 is the supporting plate structure schematic diagram of the disengagement gear for punching press plate unstacking of the present invention.

Figure 10 be the disengagement gear for punching press plate unstacking of the present invention release plate state partly cut open schematic diagram.

Figure 11 is the back view of Fig. 1.

Detailed description of the invention

Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, technical scheme of the present invention is further described.

As Figure 1-Figure 11, the disengagement gear for punching press plate unstacking of the present invention comprises driver train, pusher, lifting mechanism, separation device and support plate base.

Driver train comprises joystick 10, self-locking mechanism 39, first nut 11, first cylinder 2-1, the second cylinder 2-2, big gear wheel 36, ratchet 27 and miniature gears 37, miniature gears 37 is connected with the first nut 11 and engages with big gear wheel 36, big gear wheel 36 is connected with ratchet 27 by connecting rod 38, the back of tooth of ratchet 27 is provided with check pawl 25 and ratchet 29, and check pawl 25 and ratchet 29 engage with ratchet 27 back of tooth under the action of the spring; Self-locking mechanism 39 is connected with depression bar 26, releasing and the locking of self-locking mechanism 39 are controlled by joystick 10, when controlling joystick 10 and making self-locking mechanism 39 lock, self-locking mechanism 39 promotion depression bar 26 is compressed check pawl 25 and ratchet 29 makes it depart from ratchet 27 back of tooth, when controlling joystick 10 and making self-locking mechanism 39 remove, check pawl 25 and ratchet 29 engage with ratchet 27 back of tooth under the action of the spring again; Ratchet 29 is connected with fork 28, fork 28 is connected with the first slide block 30, first slide block 30 and is arranged on the second slide block 32, and the second slide block 32 is provided with dovetail furrow 31.

Described pusher comprises pushing material component 6, guide type shoe 7 and upright sliding bar 3, and the upper end of upright sliding bar 3 is connected with the first cylinder 2-1, and lower end is connected with the second cylinder 2-2 by dovetail furrow 31, one end of pushing material component 6 is connected on upright sliding bar 3, the other end also can along guide type shoe 7 horizontal motion through guide type shoe 7, when the first cylinder 2-1 and the second cylinder 2-2 shrinks, upright sliding bar 3 is driven to promote pushing material component 6 along guide type shoe 7 horizontal motion, the top layer plate 23 of plate buttress upper surface is ejected by expeller 9, top layer plate 23 skids off and slides the separation skewback 21 disengaging bar 18 on pushing material component opposite with gradient, make top layer plate 23 pile up neatly with plate between relative movement and slowly air inlet be separated completely, be convenient to manipulator feeding and carry out following process.

Pushing material component 6 in described pusher comprises charging ram 42, expeller 9, fixed block 45, stay bearing plate 46, guide pillar 44, spring leaf 50, pad 48, locating dowel pin 47, position-limited lever 5, stop collar 41 and fixing screw 40, charging ram 42 one end is connected on upright sliding bar 3, other end connection fixing block 45, expeller 9 and stay bearing plate 46 are arranged on below fixed block 45 and top by the guide pillar 44 at two ends respectively, spring leaf 50 is provided with between expeller 9 and fixed block 45, be provided with pad 48 between stay bearing plate 46 and fixed block 45, stay bearing plate 46 side is provided with inclined-plane A, the height of expeller 9 can be regulated to complete the first positioned in alignment of expeller 9 and top layer plate 23 or regulate expeller 9 and the diff-H of disengaging bar 18 according to the sheet thickness that the plate of different batches is piled up neatly by pad 48, the large adjustment of the diff-H of expeller 9 and disengaging bar 18 can also be carried out by steel wire cable 16, locating dowel pin 47 is located on fixed block 45, position-limited lever 5 comprises two 7 font rod members and the cross bar 49 being connected 7 font rod members, one end of position-limited lever is made to be hook-shaped, hook-shaped end is also provided with the inclined-plane B matched with stay bearing plate, the other end of position-limited lever 5 is provided with stop collar 41 by fixing screw 40, the travel position of stop collar 41 is regulated by fixing screw 40, expeller 9 pushing material component 6 release nearly end position time, stop collar 41 withstands on the horizontal motion that guide type shoe 7 end face stops position-limited lever 5, and a bit of for motion distance is also just reached the limit of position by pushing material component 6, this process position-limited lever 5 makes expeller 9 promote certain height along guide pillar 44 by being coordinated with the inclined-plane A on stay bearing plate 46 by the inclined-plane B of its hook-shaped end, then the plane B of position-limited lever 5 hook-shaped end and the plane D of stay bearing plate 46 overlaps, avoid the decline of pushing material component 6 in return course and scratch plate, after turning back to position location, the cross bar 49 of position-limited lever 5 first contacts guide type shoe 7 and stops the motion of its return, the plane D of the plane B and stay bearing plate 46 that remove position-limited lever 5 hook-shaped end overlaps, and expeller 9 declines due to self gravitation and the effect being installed on the spring leaf 50 on fixed block 45 and accurately locates next top layer plate.

Described lifting mechanism comprise be fixed on the second nut 43 in the middle of guide type shoe 7, the screw rod 4 of connection bracket 1, screw rod 4 bottom be connected with big gear wheel 36, the rotation of big gear wheel 36 can drive screw rod 4 to rotate; When the cylinder rod of the first cylinder 2-1 and the second cylinder 2-2 extends, upright sliding bar 3 promotes dovetail furrow 31 and drives fork 28 to swing, and ratchet 29 and ratchet 27 are engaged, driving pawl 27 rotates, and drive big gear wheel 36 by connecting rod 38, screw rod 4 is rotated, realizes the lifting of pushing material component 6; The pitch of described screw rod 4 and the proportional relation of the number of teeth of ratchet 27, when cylinder rod extends certain length, upright sliding bar 3 driving pawl 27 connecting cylinder rotates the corresponding number of teeth, big gear wheel 36 rotates corresponding angle thereupon, screw rod 4 is rotated and drives charging ram 42 just in time to decline the thickness of a plate.

Described separation device comprises oval guidepost 20 and disengaging bar 18, disengaging bar 18 one end is connected with oval guidepost 20, the other end is for being separated skewback 21, the second contact 17 that disengaging bar 18 is tied on separation device by steel wire cable 16 realizes being connected with pusher with the first contact 8 on pusher, the decline of pushing material component 6 can loosen steel wire cable 16, disengaging bar 18 also declines due to own wt thereupon, realizes and pushing material component 6 synchronization lifting; Simultaneously, disengaging bar 18 plays the effect of the plate buttress under fixing top layer plate 23, prevents top layer plate 23 from adsorbing lower floor's plate and skids off together, and be separated skewback 21 object when being top layer plate 23 short distance is moved, realize air inlet between plate to be separated, reduce and release stroke; The bottom of described oval guidepost 20 and top are respectively arranged with the first pulley 14-1 and the second pulley 14-2, bed plate 12 is provided with the 3rd pulley 14-3 and the 4th pulley 14-4 in the bottom near screw rod 4, the lower end of guide type shoe 7 is the first contact 8 of steel wire cable 16, steel wire cable 16 connects the 4th pulley 14-4, the 3rd pulley 14-3, the first pulley 14-1 and the second pulley 14-2 successively from the first contact 8, finally connects the second contact 17 being located at disengaging bar 18 lower end.

Described support plate base comprises bed plate 12, has been bolted support 1 above bed plate 12, support 1 for fixing the first cylinder 2-1 and the second cylinder 2-2, upright sliding bar 3 and screw rod 4, for the plate stacking of disengagement gear provides sufficiently high space; The bed plate 12 on support 1 opposite has chute 35, and oval guidepost 20 is arranged on chute 35, can install the position regulating oval guidepost 20, and be fixedly clamped by catch gear 34 according to plate size; Described bed plate 12 is also provided with a stock supporting plate 15, for stacking plate, bed plate 12 bottom welding has four shaped steel pin 13, and disengagement gear pulsation-free is positioned in processing facility floor.

Principle of work of the present invention is as follows:

Before the first cylinder 2-1 and the second cylinder 2-2 shrinks, the travel position of stop collar 41 is regulated by fixing screw 40, pad 48 quantity on adjustment fixed block 45 carries out the first Accurate align of expeller 9 and adjustment expeller 9 lower surface and the vertical dimension being separated skewback 21 inclined-plane lower edge line, completes initial alignment.

When the first cylinder 2-1 and the second cylinder 2-2 shrinks, promote upright sliding bar 3 and move, dovetail furrow 31 and pushing material component 6 also shift out motion thereupon; The dovetail furrow 31 of motion drives fork 28 counter-clockwise swing (watching the need of pointing out with what visual angle or view), now, check pawl 25 stops ratchet 27 and ratchet 29 slips on ratchet 27 back of tooth, ratchet 27, big gear wheel 36 and screw rod 4 all do not rotate, therefore guide type shoe 7 only plays the effect of guiding without dipping and heaving; And the pushing material component 6 of motion promotes plate buttress top layer plate 23 and shifts out, top layer plate 23 shifts out and slides the separation skewback 21 that opposite separation device has gradient, make top layer plate 23 pile up neatly with plate between relative sliding and slowly air inlet be separated completely, be convenient to manipulator feeding and carry out following process;

When the first cylinder 2-1 and the second cylinder 2-2 extends, upright sliding bar 3 promotes dovetail furrow 31 and makes retract motion and drive fork 28 clockwise oscillation, now, ratchet 29 and ratchet 27 engage, ratchet 27 is driven and clickwise by the ratchet 29 driven by fork 28, and drive big gear wheel 36 clickwise by connecting rod 38, namely screw rod 4 rotates clockwise, then the guide type shoe 7 fixing the second nut 43 declines with the rotation of screw rod 4; After turning back to position location, the cross bar 49 of position-limited lever 5 first contacts guide type shoe 7 and stops the motion of its return, remove the plane C of the position-limited lever 5 and plane D of stay bearing plate 46 to overlap, expeller 9 declines due to self gravitation and the effect being installed on the spring leaf 50 on fixed block 45 thus accurately locates, complete and again align, just again can release periodical duty.The flexible of cylinder like this can complete a pusher process and return alignment lower floor plate process, cooperative mechanical hand feeding repeated work just can complete the separation of plate buttress, this step utilizes the backhaul of pushing material component 6 to realize the decline of its guiding trestle 7, the empty race of machinery can be reduced to greatest extent, effectively economize on resources.

After plate buttress is separated completely, the stock supporting plate 15 of sky is taken off, again the stock supporting plate 15 piling up plate is changed, joystick 10 is stirred near support 1 direction, self-locking mechanism 39 promotion depression bar 26 is compressed check pawl 25 and ratchet 29 makes it depart from ratchet 27 back of tooth, ratchet 27 is in free state, then power-operated wrench or other instruments is adopted to twist the first nut 11, the miniature gears 37 of connection first nut 11 is made to follow the first nut 11 clickwise together, and drive big gear wheel 36 left-hand revolution, namely screw rod 4 rotates, guide type shoe 7 rises, control power-operated wrench and guide type shoe 7 is adjusted to the general aligned position of plate buttress end face, self-locking mechanism 39 is removed to reversing joystick 10 away from support 1 direction, check pawl 25 and ratchet 29 ratchet 27 back of tooth that rebounds under the action of the spring completes engagement, pad 48 quantity on adjustment fixed block 45 carries out the first Accurate align of expeller 9 and the vertical dimension of adjustment expeller 9 lower surface and skewback 21 inclined-plane lower edge line, again completes initial alignment.

Claims (5)

1., for a disengagement gear for punching press plate unstacking, comprise driver train, pusher, lifting mechanism, separation device and support plate base; It is characterized in that:
Described driver train comprises joystick, self-locking mechanism, the first nut, the first cylinder, the second cylinder, big gear wheel, ratchet and miniature gears, miniature gears is connected with the first nut and engages with big gear wheel, twists the first nut and can make pinion rotation and the rotation driving big gear wheel; Big gear wheel is connected with ratchet by connecting rod, and the back of tooth of ratchet is provided with check pawl and ratchet, and check pawl and ratchet engage with the ratchet back of tooth under the action of the spring; Self-locking mechanism is connected with depression bar, releasing and the locking of self-locking mechanism are controlled by joystick, when controlling joystick and making self-locking mechanism lock, promotion depression bar is compressed check pawl to self-locking mechanism and ratchet makes it depart from the ratchet back of tooth, when controlling joystick and making self-locking mechanism remove, check pawl and ratchet engage with the ratchet back of tooth under the action of the spring again; Ratchet is connected with fork, and fork is connected with the first slide block, and the first slide block is arranged on the second slide block, and the second slide block is provided with dovetail furrow;
Described pusher comprises pushing material component, guide type shoe and upright sliding bar, and the upper end of upright sliding bar is connected with the first cylinder, and lower end is connected with the second cylinder by dovetail furrow; One end of pushing material component is connected on upright sliding bar, the other end also can along guide type shoe horizontal motion through guide type shoe, when the first cylinder and the second cylinder shrink, upright sliding bar is driven to promote pushing material component along guide type shoe horizontal motion, the top layer plate of plate buttress upper surface is ejected by expeller, top layer plate skids off and slides the separation skewback disengaging bar on pushing material component opposite with gradient, make top layer plate pile up neatly with plate between relative movement and slowly air inlet be separated completely, be convenient to manipulator feeding and carry out following process;
Described lifting mechanism comprise be fixed on the second nut in the middle of guide type shoe, the screw rod of connection bracket, screw rod bottom be connected with big gear wheel, the rotation of big gear wheel can drive bolt rotary; When the cylinder rod of the first cylinder and the second cylinder extends, upright sliding bar promotes dovetail furrow and also drives fork to swing, and pawl-and-gearing is engaged, driving pawl rotation, and drives big gear wheel by connecting rod, makes bolt rotary, realizes the lifting of pushing material component;
Described separation device comprises oval guidepost and disengaging bar, disengaging bar one end is connected with oval guidepost, the other end is for being separated skewback, the second contact that disengaging bar is tied on separation device by steel wire cable realizes being connected with pusher with the first contact on pusher, the decline of pushing material component can loosen steel wire cable, disengaging bar also declines due to own wt thereupon, realizes and pushing material component synchronization lifting; Meanwhile, disengaging bar plays the effect of the plate buttress under fixing top layer plate, prevents top layer plate from adsorbing lower floor plate and skids off together, and is separated skewback object when being top layer plate short distance is moved, and realizing air inlet between plate is separated, and reduces to release stroke;
Described support plate base comprises bed plate, has been bolted support above bed plate, and support is used for fixing the first cylinder and the second cylinder, upright sliding bar and screw rod, for the plate stacking of disengagement gear provides sufficiently high space; The bed plate on support opposite has chute, and oval guidepost is arranged on chute, can install the position regulating oval guidepost, and be fixedly clamped by catch gear according to plate size.
2. the disengagement gear for punching press plate unstacking according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the pushing material component in described pusher comprises charging ram, expeller, fixed block, stay bearing plate, guide pillar, spring leaf, pad, locating dowel pin, position-limited lever, stop collar and fixing screw, charging ram one end is fixedly connected on upright sliding bar, other end connection fixing block, expeller and stay bearing plate are arranged on below fixed block and top respectively by the guide pillar at two ends, spring leaf is provided with between expeller and fixed block, be provided with pad between stay bearing plate and fixed block, stay bearing plate side is provided with inclined-plane, the height of expeller can be regulated to complete the first positioned in alignment of expeller and top layer plate or regulate the diff-H of expeller and disengaging bar according to the sheet thickness that the plate of different batches is piled up neatly by pad, (add " the large adjustment of the diff-H of expeller and disengaging bar also can be carried out by steel wire cable " this sentence), locating dowel pin is located on fixed block, position-limited lever comprises two 7 font rod members and the cross bar being connected 7 font rod members, one end of position-limited lever is made to be hook-shaped, hook-shaped end is also provided with the inclined-plane matched with stay bearing plate, the other end of position-limited lever is provided with stop collar by fixing screw, the travel position of stop collar is regulated by fixing screw, expeller pushing material component release nearly end position time, stop collar withstands on the horizontal motion that guide type shoe end face stops position-limited lever, and a bit of for motion distance is also just reached the limit of position by pushing material component, this process position-limited lever makes expeller promote certain height along guide pillar by being coordinated with the inclined-plane on stay bearing plate by the inclined-plane of its hook-shaped end, then the plane of position-limited lever hook-shaped end and the plane of stay bearing plate overlap, avoid the decline of pushing material component in return course and scratch plate, after turning back to position location, the cross bar of position-limited lever first contacts guide type shoe and stops the motion of its return, the plane of the plane and stay bearing plate of removing position-limited lever hook-shaped end overlaps, and expeller declines due to self gravitation and the effect being installed on the spring leaf on fixed block and accurately locates next top layer plate.
3. the disengagement gear for punching press plate unstacking according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that: the pitch of described screw rod and the proportional relation of the number of teeth of ratchet, when cylinder rod extends certain length, upright sliding bar driving pawl rotates the corresponding number of teeth, big gear wheel rotates corresponding angle thereupon, makes bolt rotary and drives charging ram just in time to decline the thickness of a plate.
4. the disengagement gear for punching press plate unstacking according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that: the bottom of described oval guidepost and top are respectively arranged with the first pulley and the second pulley, bed plate is provided with the 3rd pulley and the 4th pulley in the bottom near screw rod, the lower end of guide type shoe is the first contact of steel wire cable, steel wire cable connects the 4th pulley, the 3rd pulley, the first pulley and the second pulley successively from the first contact, finally connects the second contact being located at disengaging bar lower end.
5. the disengagement gear for punching press plate unstacking according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that: described bed plate is also provided with a stock supporting plate, for stacking plate, bed plate bottom welding has four shaped steel pin, and disengagement gear pulsation-free is positioned in processing facility floor.
CN201410612442.1A 2014-11-04 2014-11-04 A kind of segregation apparatus for punching press plate unstacking CN104444396B (en)

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CN105084053A (en) * 2015-08-17 2015-11-25 芜湖市金建胶合板厂 Feeding equipment for highly stacked circular sheet materials
CN105110024A (en) * 2015-08-17 2015-12-02 芜湖市金建胶合板厂 Feeding equipment for highly-stacked rectangular boards
CN105347047A (en) * 2015-11-09 2016-02-24 圣象实业(江苏)有限公司 Push board type feeding device
CN106345926A (en) * 2016-11-01 2017-01-25 浙江大成智能装备股份有限公司 Automatic sheet separation mechanism used for stamping and molding aluminum sheets and capable of automatically charging and discharging materials
CN106391895A (en) * 2016-12-09 2017-02-15 柳州市方鑫汽车装饰件有限公司 Steel plate stamping feeding device
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CN107089521A (en) * 2017-03-28 2017-08-25 徐州德坤电气科技有限公司 A kind of control method of metal plate factory thin flat plate material auxiliary processing unit
CN107738921A (en) * 2017-09-26 2018-02-27 安徽轰达电源有限公司 A kind of transport establishment's device dried for accumulator plate
CN108560158A (en) * 2018-04-26 2018-09-21 朱加莲 A kind of leatherware sewing platform convenient for feeding
CN108673482A (en) * 2018-07-12 2018-10-19 温州大学 Telescopic multiaxis mobile robot
CN108995856A (en) * 2018-08-22 2018-12-14 深圳市和顺居建筑材料有限公司 The automatic brick plate seperator being packaged for brick
CN109230376A (en) * 2018-08-22 2019-01-18 重庆市嘉凌新科技有限公司 Chip frame feeding mechanism
WO2019047321A1 (en) * 2017-09-08 2019-03-14 河南裕展精密科技有限公司 Feeding apparatus
CN109592411A (en) * 2018-11-19 2019-04-09 营口金辰机械股份有限公司 Glass draws auto plate separation device

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105084053A (en) * 2015-08-17 2015-11-25 芜湖市金建胶合板厂 Feeding equipment for highly stacked circular sheet materials
CN105110024A (en) * 2015-08-17 2015-12-02 芜湖市金建胶合板厂 Feeding equipment for highly-stacked rectangular boards
CN105110024B (en) * 2015-08-17 2017-05-31 芜湖市金建胶合板厂 A kind of feeder apparatus of folded rectangular plate high
CN105347047A (en) * 2015-11-09 2016-02-24 圣象实业(江苏)有限公司 Push board type feeding device
CN106345926A (en) * 2016-11-01 2017-01-25 浙江大成智能装备股份有限公司 Automatic sheet separation mechanism used for stamping and molding aluminum sheets and capable of automatically charging and discharging materials
CN106391895A (en) * 2016-12-09 2017-02-15 柳州市方鑫汽车装饰件有限公司 Steel plate stamping feeding device
CN106734682A (en) * 2016-12-20 2017-05-31 广东合和建筑五金制品有限公司 A kind of automatic feeding
CN106734682B (en) * 2016-12-20 2018-05-22 广东合和建筑五金制品有限公司 A kind of automatic feeding
CN107089521A (en) * 2017-03-28 2017-08-25 徐州德坤电气科技有限公司 A kind of control method of metal plate factory thin flat plate material auxiliary processing unit
WO2019047321A1 (en) * 2017-09-08 2019-03-14 河南裕展精密科技有限公司 Feeding apparatus
CN107738921B (en) * 2017-09-26 2019-08-30 安徽轰达电源有限公司 A kind of transport establishment device dry for accumulator plate
CN107738921A (en) * 2017-09-26 2018-02-27 安徽轰达电源有限公司 A kind of transport establishment's device dried for accumulator plate
CN108560158A (en) * 2018-04-26 2018-09-21 朱加莲 A kind of leatherware sewing platform convenient for feeding
CN108673482A (en) * 2018-07-12 2018-10-19 温州大学 Telescopic multiaxis mobile robot
CN108673482B (en) * 2018-07-12 2020-04-10 温州大学 Telescopic multi-axis mobile robot
CN108995856A (en) * 2018-08-22 2018-12-14 深圳市和顺居建筑材料有限公司 The automatic brick plate seperator being packaged for brick
CN109230376A (en) * 2018-08-22 2019-01-18 重庆市嘉凌新科技有限公司 Chip frame feeding mechanism
CN109592411A (en) * 2018-11-19 2019-04-09 营口金辰机械股份有限公司 Glass draws auto plate separation device

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