CN104306592A - 一种治疗颈椎病的膏药及其制备方法 - Google Patents

一种治疗颈椎病的膏药及其制备方法 Download PDF

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CN104306592A
CN104306592A CN201410503809.6A CN201410503809A CN104306592A CN 104306592 A CN104306592 A CN 104306592A CN 201410503809 A CN201410503809 A CN 201410503809A CN 104306592 A CN104306592 A CN 104306592A
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李建华
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Suzhou Tianling Chinese Traditional Medicine Slice Co Ltd
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Abstract

本发明公开了一种治疗颈椎病的膏药及其制备方法。该膏药由以下重量份配比的原料制成:杜衡、阴香皮、肉苁蓉、没药、草乌、威灵仙、乌梅、石菖蒲、夏天无、茯苓、马蹄叶、舒筋草 桑枝、酸枣仁、地枫皮、夜交藤、红丹和芝麻油。本发明的治疗颈椎病的膏药具有活血化瘀、消炎止痛、通经舒络之功效,对于颈椎病具有疗效好、疗程短、无毒无明显副作用、使用方便的优点。同时本制备方法工艺独到,方法简单,成本低,节能环保,同时能显著缩短生产周期,降低生产成本及能耗,具有显著的竞争优势和广泛的应用前景。

Description

一种治疗颈椎病的膏药及其制备方法
技术领域
本发明涉及一种外用中药,尤其涉及一种治疗颈椎病的膏药及其制备方法。
背景技术
伴随着年龄的增长, 颈椎发生退行性改变(如椎间盘变性、弹性减弱、骨刺形成、小关节紊乱、韧带增厚、钙化等),所以中、老年人人群中患颈椎病的较多;同时,随着伴随着电脑、 空调的广泛使用,人们屈颈和遭受风寒湿的机会不断增加,颈椎病发病年龄有年轻化的趋势。喜欢高枕及有反复落枕病史者易患颈椎病,此外,躺着看书、看电视等日常生活中不良姿势过多的人,易发生颈椎病。由于颈椎间盘向四周膨隆。可将其周围组织(如前。后纵韧带)及椎体骨膜掀起。而在椎体与突出的椎间盘及被掀起的韧带组织之间形成间隙。称"韧带间盘间隙"。其中有组织液积聚。再加上微细损伤所形起的出血。使这种血性液体发生机化然后钙化。骨化。于是形成了骨赘。椎体前后韧带的松弛。又使颈椎不稳定。更增加了受创伤的机会。使骨赘逐渐增大。颈椎病危害:1、耳部:耳鸣、听力减退,甚至耳聋。2、咽喉部:可有咽喉部不适、发干、异物感、暖气以及牙痛等症状。3、头面部症状:头痛、偏头痛、头沉头晕、梳部或颈后部疼痛,以及面部发热、充血、麻木等症状。治疗颈椎病目前常用疗法有三种 :一是物理方法,这种方法采用按摩、针灸、医疗器械牵引治疗等,这种方法只适用于症状轻微的患者,且治后也容易复发 ;二是手术治疗,这种治疗费用高、风险大,治疗比较痛苦,患者难以接受 ;三是药物治疗,包括西医治疗和中医治疗,而现有的中西医口服治疗药物见效慢、疗程长、治愈率低。
现在中医外科中的膏药治疗颈椎病的研究取得了可喜的成果,膏药治疗颈椎病用药皮外吸收、直达病灶、见效快、治愈率高、不易复发,取得大多数患者的认可。中医外科膏药是运用中药归经原则,运用药物互相协调为用的效能,组成多味药物的大复方,以发挥药物的良好效果。由于膏药用于肌表薄贴,所以膏药中取气味具厚的药物,并加以引药率领群药,开结行滞直达病所。因此可透入皮肤产生消炎,止痛,活血化淤,通经走络,开窍透骨,祛风散寒等功效。贴于体表的膏药刺激神经末梢,通过反射,扩张血管,促进局部血液循环,改善周围组织营养,达到消肿,消炎和镇痛的目的。同时药物在患处通过皮肤渗透达皮下组织,在局部产生药物浓度的相对优势,从而发挥较强的药理作用。此外,因膏药中有些刺激性强的药物,强刺激通过神经反射,可以调节肌体功能促进抗体形成,提高人体免疫力。药物穿通皮肤及黏膜后,经过血管或淋巴管进入体循环,也可产生全身性药物作用。
目前市场已有的膏药,要么是使用大量使用激素和生物制剂,其治疗成本高,药毒副作用多,不利于人体健康;要么就是难吸收,药效低;例如CN201010138280.4 公开的一种治疗颈椎病的膏药虽然具有较好的疗效,但它治疗效果还是不大明显,治疗周期比较长,还需辅入其它药物治疗,且存在间断的复发性较大;而CN200710016044.3 公开了一种治疗颈腰椎病的通络膏药存在治疗成本高,难以吸收的问题。 而因此,迫切需要寻找一种易吸收、药效好、无毒无副作用的治疗颈椎病的膏药。
发明内容
本发明的目的在于提供一种治疗颈椎病的膏药及其制备方法,本发明药物所选药材配伍相宜,符合中医药学和现代医药学理论,对治疗颈椎病引起的各种症状具有显著的效果,疗程短,见效快,疗效可靠,无任何毒副作用,能够达到标本兼治的目的。
为了实现上述目的,本发明提供了一种治疗颈椎病的膏药,该膏药由以下重量份配比的原料制成:杜衡26-35份、阴香皮24-34份 、肉苁蓉12-14份、没药24-28份、草乌13-17份、威灵仙13-18份、乌梅12-15份、石菖蒲15-20份、夏天无13-18份、茯苓18-20份、马蹄叶10-16份、舒筋草10-34份  桑枝8-12份、酸枣仁8-10份、地枫皮12-17份、夜交藤5-10份、红丹100-120份和芝麻油500-600份。
该膏药由以下重量份配比的原料制成:杜衡26份、阴香皮24份 、肉苁蓉12份、没药24份、草乌13份、威灵仙13份、乌梅12份、石菖蒲15份、夏天无13份、茯苓18份、马蹄叶10份、舒筋草10份  桑枝8份、酸枣仁8份、地枫皮12份、夜交藤5份、红丹100份和芝麻油500份。
该膏药由以下重量份配比的原料制成:杜衡35份、阴香皮34份 、肉苁蓉14份、没药28份、草乌17份、威灵仙18份、乌梅15份、石菖蒲20份、夏天无18份、茯苓20份、马蹄叶16份、舒筋草34份  桑枝12份、酸枣仁10份、地枫皮17份、夜交藤10份、红丹120份和芝麻油600份。
该膏药由以下重量份配比的原料制成:杜衡30份、阴香皮29份 、肉苁蓉13份、没药26份、草乌15份、威灵仙15份、乌梅14份、石菖蒲18份、夏天无16份、茯苓19份、马蹄叶13份、舒筋草22份  桑枝10份、酸枣仁9份、地枫皮14份、夜交藤8份、红丹110份和芝麻油550份。
一种的治疗颈椎病的膏药的制备方法,包括以下步骤:
a、按重量份组成称取杜衡、阴香皮 、肉苁蓉、没药、草乌、威灵仙、乌梅、石菖蒲、夏天无、茯苓、马蹄叶、舒筋草  桑枝、酸枣仁、地枫皮、夜交藤,粉碎研磨制成药粉,混合搅拌,加入芝麻油泡制5-7天; 
b、上步物料用小火加热熬制,得熬制物,滤除熬制物中的药渣,得药液; 
c、药液中添加红丹,搅拌均匀,熬制成半成品药膏; 
d、将上步半成品药膏凉水浸泡7-10天去火毒,然后敷于帆布上,制成膏药。 
所述药粉的细度为100-150目。
所述草乌粉碎研磨前经过预处理,预处理方法如下:将的草乌用水浸泡4-6小时,取出;再用水煮1.5-3个小时,取出,晒20-24小时后切薄片,干燥。
所述没药粉碎研磨前经过预处理,预处理方法如下:将洗净的没药放入锅内炒至表面熔化时,喷洒米醋,继续炒至外层明亮光透,取出放凉备用。
本发明提供了一种治疗颈椎病的膏药及其制备方法,其有益效果是:具有活血化瘀、消炎止痛、通经舒络之功效,对于颈椎病具有疗效好、疗程短、无毒无明显副作用、使用方便的优点。 同时本制备方法工艺独到,方法简单,成本低,节能环保,同时能显著缩短生产周期,降低生产成本及能耗,具有显著的竞争优势和广泛的应用前景。
具体实施方式
实施例1
一种治疗颈椎病的膏药,该膏药由以下重量份配比的原料制成:杜衡26-35份、阴香皮24-34份 、肉苁蓉12-14份、没药24-28份、草乌13-17份、威灵仙13-18份、乌梅12-15份、石菖蒲15-20份、夏天无13-18份、茯苓18-20份、马蹄叶10-16份、舒筋草10-34份  桑枝8-12份、酸枣仁8-10份、地枫皮12-17份、夜交藤5-10份、红丹100-120份和芝麻油500-600份。
其制备方法如下:
a、按重量份组成称取杜衡、阴香皮 、肉苁蓉、没药、草乌、威灵仙、乌梅、石菖蒲、夏天无、茯苓、马蹄叶、舒筋草  桑枝、酸枣仁、地枫皮、夜交藤,粉碎研磨制成药粉,混合搅拌,加入芝麻油泡制5-7天; 
b、上步物料用小火加热熬制,得熬制物,滤除熬制物中的药渣,得药液; 
c、药液中添加红丹,搅拌均匀,熬制成半成品药膏; 
d、将上步半成品药膏凉水浸泡7-10天去火毒,然后敷于帆布上,制成膏药。 
所述药粉的细度为100-150目。
所述草乌粉碎研磨前经过预处理,预处理方法如下:将的草乌用水浸泡4-6小时,取出;再用水煮1.5-3个小时,取出,晒20-24小时后切薄片,干燥。
所述没药粉碎研磨前经过预处理,预处理方法如下:将洗净的没药放入锅内炒至表面熔化时,喷洒米醋,继续炒至外层明亮光透,取出放凉备用。
实施例2
一种治疗颈椎病的膏药,该膏药由以下重量份配比的原料制成:杜衡26份、阴香皮24份 、肉苁蓉12份、没药24份、草乌13份、威灵仙13份、乌梅12份、石菖蒲15份、夏天无13份、茯苓18份、马蹄叶10份、舒筋草10份  桑枝8份、酸枣仁8份、地枫皮12份、夜交藤5份、红丹100份和芝麻油500份。
其制备方法如下:
a、按重量份组成称取杜衡、阴香皮 、肉苁蓉、没药、草乌、威灵仙、乌梅、石菖蒲、夏天无、茯苓、马蹄叶、舒筋草  桑枝、酸枣仁、地枫皮、夜交藤,粉碎研磨制成药粉,混合搅拌,加入芝麻油泡制5-7天; 
b、上步物料用小火加热熬制,得熬制物,滤除熬制物中的药渣,得药液; 
c、药液中添加红丹,搅拌均匀,熬制成半成品药膏; 
d、将上步半成品药膏凉水浸泡7-10天去火毒,然后敷于帆布上,制成膏药。 
所述药粉的细度为100-150目。
所述草乌粉碎研磨前经过预处理,预处理方法如下:将的草乌用水浸泡4-6小时,取出;再用水煮1.5-3个小时,取出,晒20-24小时后切薄片,干燥。
所述没药粉碎研磨前经过预处理,预处理方法如下:将洗净的没药放入锅内炒至表面熔化时,喷洒米醋,继续炒至外层明亮光透,取出放凉备用。
实施例3
一种治疗颈椎病的膏药,该膏药由以下重量份配比的原料制成:杜衡35份、阴香皮34份 、肉苁蓉14份、没药28份、草乌17份、威灵仙18份、乌梅15份、石菖蒲20份、夏天无18份、茯苓20份、马蹄叶16份、舒筋草34份  桑枝12份、酸枣仁10份、地枫皮17份、夜交藤10份、红丹120份和芝麻油600份。
其制备方法如下:
a、按重量份组成称取杜衡、阴香皮 、肉苁蓉、没药、草乌、威灵仙、乌梅、石菖蒲、夏天无、茯苓、马蹄叶、舒筋草  桑枝、酸枣仁、地枫皮、夜交藤,粉碎研磨制成药粉,混合搅拌,加入芝麻油泡制5-7天; 
b、上步物料用小火加热熬制,得熬制物,滤除熬制物中的药渣,得药液; 
c、药液中添加红丹,搅拌均匀,熬制成半成品药膏; 
d、将上步半成品药膏凉水浸泡7-10天去火毒,然后敷于帆布上,制成膏药。 
所述药粉的细度为100-150目。
所述草乌粉碎研磨前经过预处理,预处理方法如下:将的草乌用水浸泡4-6小时,取出;再用水煮1.5-3个小时,取出,晒20-24小时后切薄片,干燥。
所述没药粉碎研磨前经过预处理,预处理方法如下:将洗净的没药放入锅内炒至表面熔化时,喷洒米醋,继续炒至外层明亮光透,取出放凉备用。
实施例4
一种治疗颈椎病的膏药,该膏药由以下重量份配比的原料制成:杜衡30份、阴香皮29份 、肉苁蓉13份、没药26份、草乌15份、威灵仙15份、乌梅14份、石菖蒲18份、夏天无16份、茯苓19份、马蹄叶13份、舒筋草22份  桑枝10份、酸枣仁9份、地枫皮14份、夜交藤8份、红丹110份和芝麻油550份。
其制备方法如下:
a、按重量份组成称取杜衡、阴香皮 、肉苁蓉、没药、草乌、威灵仙、乌梅、石菖蒲、夏天无、茯苓、马蹄叶、舒筋草  桑枝、酸枣仁、地枫皮、夜交藤,粉碎研磨制成药粉,混合搅拌,加入芝麻油泡制5-7天; 
b、上步物料用小火加热熬制,得熬制物,滤除熬制物中的药渣,得药液; 
c、药液中添加红丹,搅拌均匀,熬制成半成品药膏; 
d、将上步半成品药膏凉水浸泡7-10天去火毒,然后敷于帆布上,制成膏药。 
所述药粉的细度为100-150目。
所述草乌粉碎研磨前经过预处理,预处理方法如下:将的草乌用水浸泡4-6小时,取出;再用水煮1.5-3个小时,取出,晒20-24小时后切薄片,干燥。
所述没药粉碎研磨前经过预处理,预处理方法如下:将洗净的没药放入锅内炒至表面熔化时,喷洒米醋,继续炒至外层明亮光透,取出放凉备用。
实施例5
临床资料:  作为治疗颈椎病的膏药,选择确诊的颈椎病患者70例临床观察,其中男性40例,女性30例,年龄50-73岁,病程1-6年;将患处洗净擦干,将膏药敷于患处,每日1副,12天为1个疗程,连续使用2-3个疗程。  疗效判定:  (1)治愈:症状全部消失,身体恢复正常。  (2)显效:症状明显减轻,身体明显好转。  (3)有效:症状有所减轻,身体有所好转。  (4)无效:通过治疗后症状无减轻或加重。  由上述临床验证结果可知,用本发明外敷损伤患处,治疗颈椎病患者70例,取得了较好的临床疗效,治愈64例,显效和有效共6例,有效率达到100%,用药期间未发现局部及全身过敏现象,用药安全。   典型病例举例:  1、冯某,男,53岁,陕西延安人。患者患有颈椎病多年,服用药物治疗,服用一段时间后未见任何好转,经朋友介绍来我院就诊,使用本发明膏药1个疗程后,症状明显好转,使用本发明膏药2个疗程后,症状消失,身体恢复正常,一年后随访无复发。  2、 诸某,男,58岁,广州茂名人。患者患有颈椎病5年余,去过多家医院就诊,服用过多种药物治疗,未见任何起色,经人介绍来我院就诊,使用本发明膏药1个疗程后,上述症状明显缓解,继续使用本发明膏药2个疗程后,原症状消失全无,身体恢复正常,半年后随访无复发。  3、吴某,女,51岁,浙江义乌人。患者肩部、上臂疼痛,咳嗽、喷嚏时加重。去医院就诊,确诊为颈椎病,用过很多药物治疗都未见好转,后来我院就诊,使用本发明膏药1个疗程后,上述症状明显好转,继续使用本发明膏药1个疗程后,上述症状消失,1年后随访无复发。
4、陈某,男,58岁,辽宁丹东人。患者颈部活动受限,去医院就诊查出:颈部活动度受限,可查及明显压痛点,使用1个疗程后,患者身体恢复良好,使用本发明膏药2个疗程后,患者自述原症状早已完全消失,日常生活、工作与患病前无异。 

Claims (8)

1.一种治疗颈椎病的膏药,其特征在于该膏药由以下重量份配比的原料制成:杜衡26-35份、阴香皮24-34份 、肉苁蓉12-14份、没药24-28份、草乌13-17份、威灵仙13-18份、乌梅12-15份、石菖蒲15-20份、夏天无13-18份、茯苓18-20份、马蹄叶10-16份、舒筋草10-34份  桑枝8-12份、酸枣仁8-10份、地枫皮12-17份、夜交藤5-10份、红丹100-120份和芝麻油500-600份。
2.根据权利要求 1 所述的治疗颈椎病的膏药,其特征在于其特征在于该膏药由以下重量份配比的原料制成:杜衡26份、阴香皮24份 、肉苁蓉12份、没药24份、草乌13份、威灵仙13份、乌梅12份、石菖蒲15份、夏天无13份、茯苓18份、马蹄叶10份、舒筋草10份  桑枝8份、酸枣仁8份、地枫皮12份、夜交藤5份、红丹100份和芝麻油500份。
3.根据权利要求 1 所述的治疗颈椎病的膏药,其特征在于其特征在于该膏药由以下重量份配比的原料制成:杜衡35份、阴香皮34份 、肉苁蓉14份、没药28份、草乌17份、威灵仙18份、乌梅15份、石菖蒲20份、夏天无18份、茯苓20份、马蹄叶16份、舒筋草34份  桑枝12份、酸枣仁10份、地枫皮17份、夜交藤10份、红丹120份和芝麻油600份。
4.根据权利要求 1 所述的治疗颈椎病的膏药,其特征在于其特征在于该膏药由以下重量份配比的原料制成:杜衡30份、阴香皮29份 、肉苁蓉13份、没药26份、草乌15份、威灵仙15份、乌梅14份、石菖蒲18份、夏天无16份、茯苓19份、马蹄叶13份、舒筋草22份  桑枝10份、酸枣仁9份、地枫皮14份、夜交藤8份、红丹110份和芝麻油550份。
5.一种权利要求 1所述的治疗颈椎病的膏药的制备方法,其特征在于 ,包括以下步骤:
a、按重量份组成称取杜衡、阴香皮 、肉苁蓉、没药、草乌、威灵仙、乌梅、石菖蒲、夏天无、茯苓、马蹄叶、舒筋草  桑枝、酸枣仁、地枫皮、夜交藤,粉碎研磨制成药粉,混合搅拌,加入芝麻油泡制5-7天; 
b、上步物料用小火加热熬制,得熬制物,滤除熬制物中的药渣,得药液; 
c、药液中添加红丹,搅拌均匀,熬制成半成品药膏; 
d、将上步半成品药膏凉水浸泡7-10天去火毒,然后敷于帆布上,制成膏药。
6.根据权利要求 5所述的治疗颈椎病的膏药的制备方法,其特征在于 :所述药粉的细度为100-150目。
7.根据权利要求5所述的治疗颈椎病的膏药的制备方法,其特征在于 :所述草乌粉碎研磨前经过预处理,预处理方法如下:将的草乌用水浸泡4-6小时,取出;再用水煮1.5-3个小时,取出,晒20-24小时后切薄片,干燥。
8.根据权利要求5所述的治疗颈椎病的膏药的制备方法,其特征在于 :所述没药粉碎研磨前经过预处理,预处理方法如下:将洗净的没药放入锅内炒至表面熔化时,喷洒米醋,继续炒至外层明亮光透,取出放凉备用。
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CN106038875A (zh) * 2016-05-26 2016-10-26 孙明香 一种治疗颈椎病的中药膏药及其制备方法

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