CN104061959A - Greenhouse environment monitoring and detecting system and working method thereof - Google Patents

Greenhouse environment monitoring and detecting system and working method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104061959A
CN104061959A CN201410148260.3A CN201410148260A CN104061959A CN 104061959 A CN104061959 A CN 104061959A CN 201410148260 A CN201410148260 A CN 201410148260A CN 104061959 A CN104061959 A CN 104061959A
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China
Prior art keywords
greenhouse
data
sensor
processing unit
central processing
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Pending
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CN201410148260.3A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
杨连喜
张立岩
杨立国
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TIANJIN YONGDE AGRICULTURAL TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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TIANJIN YONGDE AGRICULTURAL TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201410148260.3A priority Critical patent/CN104061959A/en
Publication of CN104061959A publication Critical patent/CN104061959A/en
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Abstract

The invention discloses a greenhouse environment monitoring and detecting system and a working method thereof. The greenhouse environment monitoring and detecting system comprises a detector, a data transmission server and an intelligent terminal, the output end of the detector is connected with the input end of the data transmission server through wireless signals, and the output end of the data transmission server is connected with the intelligent terminal through a wireless network. The working method includes that collecting data, sending the data to the data transmission server, transmitting the data to the intelligent terminal, viewing the data and uploading to a major network of the system for monitoring. The greenhouse environment monitoring and detecting system and the working method thereof have advantages that the circuit structure is optimized, the execution mode is simplified, the calculation efficiency is improved, the total cost is lowered, the equipment power consumption is lowered, and the operation is facilitated; the greenhouse environment monitoring and detecting system and the working method thereof are suitable for planting farmers, cultivation farmers, cooperatives and agricultural enterprises.

Description

Greenhouse monitoring detection system and method for work thereof
(1) technical field:
The present invention relates to a kind of industrialized agriculture technical equipment and method of work thereof, particularly a kind of greenhouse monitoring detection system and method for work thereof.
(2) background technology:
Same category of device adopts the assembling of Industry Control original paper mostly, continue to use form, structure, the communications protocol of Industry Control, adopt the general equipment of PLC to assemble, most of resource of each original paper of construction system is idle, but it is very limited that the resource that is suitable for agricultural environment application has, thereby cause that the equipment cost that is assembled into is high, operation efficiency is low.
Communications protocol in Industry Control cannot meet the some position of greenhouse observing and controlling many, disperse, wiring difficulty large feature, in the face of too much measuring control point position, in the face of disperseing, wireless application complicated, multi-point have to reduce communication speed and the sampling frequency compensates, make power system capacity limited, be difficult to be suitable for the application of large-scale plantation enterprise and garden.
In addition, product of the same trade is that responsible departments of the government release mostly, the supervision mainly for government to plantation enterprise, employing be 2G wireless telecommunications public networks, speed is low, cannot meet the requirement of the high amount of traffic amounts such as image.Because cost is high, plantation garden and enterprise are difficult to bear.For needing most plantation garden that greenhouse is monitored and the cultivation technique personnel of enterprise, also there is no a set of economic and practical equipment and system at present.
(3) summary of the invention:
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of greenhouse monitoring detection system and method for work thereof.It has optimized circuit structure, has simplified executive mode, has improved operation efficiency, has reduced overall cost, has reduced equipment power dissipation, easy and simple to handle, is applicable to plantation, professional raising farmer, cooperative society and agribusiness and uses.
Technical scheme of the present invention: a kind of greenhouse monitoring detection system, it is characterized in that it comprises detecting device, data transfer server and intelligent terminal, the output terminal of detecting device is by the input end of wireless signal connection data transmission server, and the output terminal of data transfer server connects intelligent terminal by wireless network.
Detecting device described above is made up of power module, central processing unit, storer, sensor and radio receiving transmitting module; The output terminal of power module connects respectively central processing unit, storer, sensor and wireless receiving module power supply by circuit; The output terminal of sensor connects the input end of central processing unit, central processing unit is by bus connected storage, central processing unit connects radio receiving transmitting module by port, radio receiving transmitting module transmitting wireless signals, and sensor comprises optical sensor and Air Temperature, humidity sensor.
Sensor described above also comprises apolegamy soil temperature-moisture sensor and carbon dioxide sensor or apolegamy ammonia gas sensor.
Data transfer server described above is made up of data transmission module and industrial master board, and data transmission module connects industrial master board by serial port.
Data transmission module described above is made up of power module, central processing unit, storer and radio receiving transmitting module, and the output terminal of power module connects respectively central processing unit, storer and wireless receiving module power supply by circuit; Central processing unit receives radio receiving transmitting module by SPI port, radio receiving transmitting module transmitting wireless signals, and central processing unit is by bus connected storage.
Industrial master board bearer network server described above.
Greenhouse described above monitoring detection system also comprises video camera, and the output terminal of video camera is by cable network connected system major network, data transfer server have a line output terminal connected system major network, data transfer server and video camera are coordination.
Wireless network described above is WIFI.
A method of work for above-mentioned greenhouse monitoring detection system, is characterized in that step is as follows:
(1) detecting device gathers the environmental index data in greenhouse, comprises intensity of illumination and air themperature and humidity;
(2) detecting device sends to data transfer server by the environmental index data that collect by wireless network;
(3) data transfer server storage environment achievement data forward environmental index data to intelligent terminal;
(4) plantation or cultivation user pass through the environment in intelligent terminal real time inspection greenhouse on a small scale;
(5) video data in camera acquisition greenhouse, the environmental index data in video data and step (3) are transferred to system major network by cable network, by video data and environmental index data in system major network monitoring greenhouse.
Environmental index data described above also comprise temperature and humidity, gas concentration lwevel or the ammonia concentration of soil.
Superiority of the present invention: 1, optimized circuit structure, cancelled protocol conversion circuit and program between sensor and processor, simplified executive mode, improved operation efficiency, reduced overall cost.2, the circuit of simplifying has reduced equipment power dissipation to greatest extent, can make equipment be operated in micro-power consumption mode.3, the design of fully integratedization, without line, energising just can be used, and makes operation very easy.Really realized handy, enough, afford to use.Being applicable to very much plantation, professional raising farmer, cooperative society and agribusiness uses.4, detecting device, data transfer server and intelligent terminal form the minimum application of greenhouse monitoring detection system, applicable to planting on a small scale or cultivation user.5, 1-3 detecting device of each greenhouse distribution, every 30-50 the corresponding data transfer server of detecting device, data transfer server centralized management, storage, forward and provide local data service, corresponding 1-20 the intelligent terminal of each data transfer server is smart mobile phone and panel computer (can pass through upgrading wireless universal router extending user quantity), by wireless network be marshalling in intelligent terminal provide services on the Internet, intelligent terminal set up applications, connection data transmission server, ambient conditions in can the each greenhouse of real time inspection, the regulation and control of equipment execution environment and farming operation that even can operation site.Storer in data transfer server can store historical data, facilitates user to inquire about reference.6, when this system is for plant husbandry, sensor apolegamy soil temperature-moisture sensor and carbon dioxide sensor; During for aquaculture, sensor apolegamy ammonia gas sensor.7, data transfer server relies on network to be connected to monitor supervision platform, on-the-spot data can be submitted to and is forwarded to the even more higher leveled data center in garden, area.8,, at warm indoor location high-definition camera, use netting twine, optical fiber even microwave joining arrive system major network.The monitor supervision platform of garden administrative center can gather, supervise, preserve video.The greenhouse of respective regions also can be checked by mandate, be supervised to other-end equipment in this network system.This is applied as plantation enterprise a kind of technological means is provided, and can supervise in real time planting environment index and image, disposes in time the injury of poor environment index to crop, adjusts in time the generation of environment prevention disease.Fast, historical data is browsed intuitively, for the management afterwards of cultivation provides effective means, supvr and technician can judge accurately that disease row becomes artificially and environmental factor, relevant personnel are disposed effectively afterwards.
(4) brief description of the drawings:
Fig. 1 is the structured flowchart that multiple greenhouse monitoring detection systems while connected system major networks are realized greenhouse surroundings monitoring.
Fig. 2 is the structured flowchart of the related greenhouse of the present invention monitoring detection system detecting device while being applied to plant husbandry.
Fig. 3 is the structured flowchart of the related greenhouse of the present invention monitoring detection system detecting device while being applied to aquaculture.
Fig. 4 is that the power supply of the detecting device in the related greenhouse monitoring of the present invention detection system is related to block diagram.
Fig. 5 is the structured flowchart of the data transfer server in the related greenhouse monitoring of the present invention detection system.
Fig. 6 is that the power supply of the data transmission module in the data transfer server in the related greenhouse monitoring of the present invention detection system is related to block diagram.
(5) embodiment:
Embodiment 1: a kind of greenhouse monitoring detection system (see figure 1), it is characterized in that it comprises detecting device, data transfer server and intelligent terminal, the output terminal of detecting device is by the input end of wireless signal connection data transmission server, and the output terminal of data transfer server connects intelligent terminal by wireless network.
Detecting device described above is made up of power module, central processing unit, storer, sensor and radio receiving transmitting module; The output terminal of power module connects respectively central processing unit, storer, sensor and wireless receiving module the (see figure 4) of powering by circuit; The output terminal of sensor connects the input end of central processing unit, central processing unit is by bus connected storage, central processing unit connects radio receiving transmitting module by port, radio receiving transmitting module transmitting wireless signals, and sensor comprises optical sensor and Air Temperature, humidity sensor.
Sensor described above also comprises apolegamy soil temperature-moisture sensor and carbon dioxide sensor.(see figure 2) (for plant husbandry)
Data transfer server described above is made up of data transmission module and industrial master board, and data transmission module connects industrial master board by serial port.
Data transmission module described above is made up of power module, central processing unit, storer and radio receiving transmitting module, and the output terminal of power module connects respectively central processing unit, storer and wireless receiving module power supply by circuit; Central processing unit receives radio receiving transmitting module by SPI port, radio receiving transmitting module transmitting wireless signals, and central processing unit is by bus connected storage.(seeing Fig. 5-6)
Industrial master board bearer network server described above.
Serial port described above is RS-232 port.
Central processing unit described above is MCU processor (ARM32bit).
Storer described above is EEPROM.
Radio receiving transmitting module described above adopts RF wireless transmission.
Bus described above is I2C.
Greenhouse described above monitoring detection system also comprises video camera, and the output terminal of video camera is by cable network connected system major network, data transfer server have a line output terminal connected system major network, data transfer server and video camera are coordination.
Intelligent terminal described above is smart mobile phone.
The communication mode of wireless signal described above is ZIGBEE.
Wireless network described above is WIFI.
A method of work for above-mentioned greenhouse monitoring detection system, is characterized in that step is as follows:
(1) detecting device gathers the environmental index data in greenhouse, comprises intensity of illumination and air themperature and humidity;
(2) detecting device sends to data transfer server by the environmental index data that collect by wireless network;
(3) data transfer server storage environment achievement data forward environmental index data to intelligent terminal;
(4) plantation or cultivation user pass through the environment in intelligent terminal real time inspection greenhouse on a small scale;
(5) video data in camera acquisition greenhouse, the environmental index data in video data and step (3) are transferred to system major network by cable network, by video data and environmental index data in system major network monitoring greenhouse.
Environmental index data described above also comprise temperature and humidity and the gas concentration lwevel of soil.
Embodiment 2: a kind of greenhouse monitoring detection system (see figure 1), it is characterized in that it comprises detecting device, data transfer server and intelligent terminal, the output terminal of detecting device is by the input end of wireless signal connection data transmission server, and the output terminal of data transfer server connects intelligent terminal by wireless network.
Detecting device described above is made up of power module, central processing unit, storer, sensor and radio receiving transmitting module; The output terminal of power module connects respectively central processing unit, storer, sensor and wireless receiving module the (see figure 4) of powering by circuit; The output terminal of sensor connects the input end of central processing unit, central processing unit is by bus connected storage, central processing unit connects radio receiving transmitting module by port, radio receiving transmitting module transmitting wireless signals, and sensor comprises optical sensor and Air Temperature, humidity sensor.
Sensor described above also comprises apolegamy ammonia gas sensor.(see figure 3) (for aquaculture)
Data transfer server described above is made up of data transmission module and industrial master board, and data transmission module connects industrial master board by serial port.
Data transmission module described above is made up of power module, central processing unit, storer and radio receiving transmitting module, and the output terminal of power module connects respectively central processing unit, storer and wireless receiving module power supply by circuit; Central processing unit receives radio receiving transmitting module by SPI port, radio receiving transmitting module transmitting wireless signals, and central processing unit is by bus connected storage.(seeing Fig. 5-6)
Industrial master board bearer network server described above.
Serial port described above is RS-232 port.
Central processing unit described above is MCU processor (ARM32bit).
Storer described above is EEPROM.
Radio receiving transmitting module described above adopts RF wireless transmission.
Bus described above is I2C.
Greenhouse described above monitoring detection system also comprises video camera, and the output terminal of video camera is by cable network connected system major network, data transfer server have a line output terminal connected system major network, data transfer server and video camera are coordination.
Intelligent terminal described above is panel computer.
The communication mode of wireless signal described above is 433M.
Wireless network described above is WIFI.
A method of work for above-mentioned greenhouse monitoring detection system, is characterized in that step is as follows:
(1) detecting device gathers the environmental index data in greenhouse, comprises intensity of illumination and air themperature and humidity;
(2) detecting device sends to data transfer server by the environmental index data that collect by wireless network;
(3) data transfer server storage environment achievement data forward environmental index data to intelligent terminal;
(4) plantation or cultivation user pass through the environment in intelligent terminal real time inspection greenhouse on a small scale;
(5) video data in camera acquisition greenhouse, the environmental index data in video data and step (3) are transferred to system major network by cable network, by video data and environmental index data in system major network monitoring greenhouse.
Environmental index data described above also comprise ammonia concentration.

Claims (10)

1. a greenhouse monitoring detection system, it is characterized in that it comprises detecting device, data transfer server and intelligent terminal, the output terminal of detecting device is by the input end of wireless signal connection data transmission server, and the output terminal of data transfer server connects intelligent terminal by wireless network.
2. a kind of greenhouse is monitored detection system according to claim 1, it is characterized in that described detecting device is made up of power module, central processing unit, storer, sensor and radio receiving transmitting module; The output terminal of power module connects respectively central processing unit, storer, sensor and wireless receiving module power supply by circuit; The output terminal of sensor connects the input end of central processing unit, central processing unit is by bus connected storage, central processing unit connects radio receiving transmitting module by port, radio receiving transmitting module transmitting wireless signals, and sensor comprises optical sensor and Air Temperature, humidity sensor.
3. a kind of greenhouse is monitored detection system according to claim 2, it is characterized in that described sensor also comprises apolegamy soil temperature-moisture sensor and carbon dioxide sensor or apolegamy ammonia gas sensor.
4. a kind of greenhouse is monitored detection system according to claim 1, it is characterized in that described data transfer server is made up of data transmission module and industrial master board, and data transmission module connects industrial master board by serial port.
5. a kind of greenhouse is monitored detection system according to claim 4, it is characterized in that described data transmission module is made up of power module, central processing unit, storer and radio receiving transmitting module, the output terminal of power module connects respectively central processing unit, storer and wireless receiving module power supply by circuit; Central processing unit receives radio receiving transmitting module by SPI port, radio receiving transmitting module transmitting wireless signals, and central processing unit is by bus connected storage.
6. a kind of greenhouse is monitored detection system according to claim 4, it is characterized in that described industrial master board bearer network server.
7. a kind of greenhouse is monitored detection system according to claim 1, it is characterized in that described greenhouse monitoring detection system also comprises video camera, the output terminal of video camera is by cable network connected system major network, data transfer server have a line output terminal connected system major network, data transfer server and video camera are coordination.
8. a kind of greenhouse is monitored detection system according to claim 1, it is characterized in that described wireless network is WIFI.
9. a method of work for greenhouse monitoring detection system described in claim 1, is characterized in that step is as follows:
(1) detecting device gathers the environmental index data in greenhouse, comprises intensity of illumination and air themperature and humidity;
(2) detecting device sends to data transfer server by the environmental index data that collect by wireless network;
(3) data transfer server storage environment achievement data forward environmental index data to intelligent terminal;
(4) plantation or cultivation user pass through the environment in intelligent terminal real time inspection greenhouse on a small scale;
(5) video data in camera acquisition greenhouse, the environmental index data in video data and step (3) are transferred to system major network by cable network, by video data and environmental index data in system major network monitoring greenhouse.
10. the method for work of a kind of greenhouse monitoring detection system according to claim 9, is characterized in that described environmental index data also comprise temperature and humidity, gas concentration lwevel or the ammonia concentration of soil.
CN201410148260.3A 2014-04-15 2014-04-15 Greenhouse environment monitoring and detecting system and working method thereof Pending CN104061959A (en)

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CN108134807A (en) * 2016-11-30 2018-06-08 山东省农业可持续发展研究所 A kind of wetland resource and Protection of ecological method and system
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CN106990724B (en) * 2017-04-06 2019-04-30 武汉理工大学 Environmental monitoring cloud service platform and method of environmental monitoring

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