CN204695090U - Agricultural based on Internet of Things large data plant protection system - Google Patents

Agricultural based on Internet of Things large data plant protection system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204695090U
CN204695090U CN201520315259.5U CN201520315259U CN204695090U CN 204695090 U CN204695090 U CN 204695090U CN 201520315259 U CN201520315259 U CN 201520315259U CN 204695090 U CN204695090 U CN 204695090U
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agricultural
data
internet
control
plant protection
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201520315259.5U
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Chinese (zh)
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陈建山
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Shaoxing Yong Yao Electrical Appliances Co Ltd
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Shaoxing Yong Yao Electrical Appliances Co Ltd
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P90/00Enabling technologies with a potential contribution to greenhouse gas [GHG] emissions mitigation
    • Y02P90/02Total factory control, e.g. smart factories, flexible manufacturing systems [FMS] or integrated manufacturing systems [IMS]

Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of agricultural based on Internet of Things large data plant protection system, comprise front end signal collection and apparatus for work, signal transmitting apparatus, multiple correspondence branch at the front-end control device of regional, later stage monitoring control device, a long-distance operating device; Front end signal collection and apparatus for work comprise front end signal collecting mechanism, front operation mechanism, wherein signals collecting mechanism is the sensor of the information to soil and/or crop external environment, and front operation mechanism is the device of spraying to crop and/or ventilating and/or heating; Signal transmitting apparatus is the device adopting wifi or zigbee WLAN (wireless local area network) to realize long range radio transmissions; Above-mentioned front end signal collection and apparatus for work, signal transmitting apparatus are all connected with front-end control device.How the utility model can solve brings up process implementation Real-Time Monitoring, true-time operation to the cultivation of crop and evades the technical matters of potential risk.

Description

Agricultural based on Internet of Things large data plant protection system
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of large data of the agricultural based on Internet of Things plant protection system being applied in killing mosquitoes in agricultural production and spraying to crop, should utilize solar powered based on the agricultural large data plant protection system of Internet of Things, have frequency ventilating type insecticidal mechanism and APP Intelligent Sprinkling Irrigation, this system adopts front-end information harvester, wireless signal transmission, rear end control device, remote software control device to safeguard whole farm simultaneously.
Background technology
Along with the development of agricultural modernization, agricultural production standardization is the road of certainty, after entering the information age, it is particularly outstanding that agricultural production demonstrates the present situation that agricultural large data plant protection system tool and technique in using agriculture chemical based on Internet of Things seriously fall behind, and brings that such as agricultural chemicals efficiency utilization factor is low, Residual Pesticides in Farm Produce exceeds standard, the negative effect such as environmental pollution, chemical injury of crops, operator are poisoning.
The mode that current people obtain agricultural land information is very limited, Main Means is manual measurement, acquisition process needs to consume a large amount of manpower and materials, simultaneously in traditional agriculture, the operation of a large amount of on-farm facilities also many by virtue of experience, rely on and manually complete, such mode not only operates inconvenience, and cannot realize on a large scale, normalizing operation exactly.The pattern of traditional agriculture far can not adapt to the needs of agricultural sustainable development, thus producing as product quality problem, resource wretched insufficiency and generally waste, environmental pollution, product category need the problems such as variation to make the development of agricultural enter vicious cycle.
Be at present mostly simple-to-maintain among a small circle to the maintenance in farmland, the fog machine of employing is also separate operaton, and each fog machine cannot link uses, cannot adapt to the maintenance of large area farmland like this.At present along with the development of science and technology, also modern requirement must be adapted to the maintenance in farmland, it must be large area that farmland is in the future safeguarded, intelligent management, therefore set of system must be set up, collect the soil data information of crop production, regulate input to crop, reach and reach equal income or higher income environmental protect and utilize all kinds of agricultural resource efficiently simultaneously with input that is minimum or that save, obtain economic benefit and environmental benefit.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of agricultural based on Internet of Things large data plant protection system, solves and how brings up process implementation Real-Time Monitoring, true-time operation to the cultivation of crop and evade the technical matters of potential risk.
Agricultural based on Internet of Things large data plant protection system, comprise front end signal collection and apparatus for work, signal transmitting apparatus, multiple correspondence branch at the front-end control device of regional, later stage monitoring control device, a long-distance operating device; Front end signal collection and apparatus for work comprise front end signal collecting mechanism, front operation mechanism, wherein signals collecting mechanism is the sensor of the information to soil and/or crop external environment, and front operation mechanism is the device of spraying to crop and/or ventilating and/or heating; Signal transmitting apparatus is the device adopting wifi or zigbee WLAN (wireless local area network) to realize long range radio transmissions; Above-mentioned front end signal collection and apparatus for work, signal transmitting apparatus are all connected with front-end control device; Front-end control device gathers the signal of front end signal collecting mechanism and sends to the later stage to monitor control device by signal transmitting apparatus; Later stage monitoring control device comprises network router, database server, data analytics server and client; This later stage monitoring control device is realized the data receiver of front end signal collecting mechanism and the instruction issuing to front operation mechanism by signal transmitting apparatus; Long-distance operating device is mobile phone or handheld terminal.
Described front end signal collecting mechanism comprises air humidity sensor and/or baroceptor and/or intensity of illumination sensor and/or carbon dioxide sensor and/or soil humidity sensor and/or soil moisture sensor and/or level sensor and/or video collector.
Described front operation mechanism comprises sprinkling irrigation equipment and/or ventilation equipment and/or firing equipment.
Described sprinkling irrigation equipment is fog machine, and this fog machine comprises the energy provides mechanism, desinsection mechanism, sprinkling irrigation mechanism, control gear, support; Desinsection mechanism comprises female sharp property rod, trapping lamp, and above-mentioned female sharp property rod, trapping lamp are all fixed on support; Sprinkling irrigation mechanism comprises electromagnetic pump, the solenoid valve be connected with electromagnetic pump, is in the jet pipe of the water outlet end of electromagnetic pump; Control gear comprises control circuit board and housing, and control circuit board is in enclosure interior; The above-mentioned energy provides mechanism, trapping lamp, solenoid valve to be all connected with control circuit board.
The described energy provides mechanism to be solar panel and accumulator, and this solar panel is connected with accumulator by control circuit board.
The described energy provides mechanism to be accumulator, and this accumulator is connected with control circuit board and electromagnetic pump respectively.
The quantity of described female sharp property rod is more than 1, and it is fixed on each position of support.
Described trapping lamp is frequency ventilating type insecticidal lamp.
Described control circuit board have bluetooth port and/or infrared port.
The quantity of described electromagnetic pump and solenoid valve is more than one, sprays as one or more; One of them electromagnetic pump and a solenoid valve correspondence form one group.
Described support entirety becomes " Y " shape, and charging mechanism is fixed on its one end, and trapping lamp is fixed on its other one end.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are:
The utility model main manifestations is the solar energy of recycling high-efficiency cleaning, the insect habit feature of using crop growth different phase is carried out physics and is slaughtered, and by the grafting of sprinkler irrigation technique, the setting of time of production estimation, space, environment is rotated by APP terminal control technology and sprays, a large amount of has saved labor cost, in the use procedure of this product, utilize different sensors to the information acquisition of agricultural environment, enroll database, set up data center, application Internet of Things and cloud computing technology carry out excavation and the analysis of large data to regional agriculture information, thus carry out information data to soil environmental background value, region meteorology change, ambient temperature and humidity change, diseases and pests of agronomic crop information and organic agronomic crop authentification of message etc., in addition, the maximum saving to resource is exchanged for new and high technology and scientific management, it be by infotech support according to spatial variability, location, regularly, a whole set of modernization reading intelligent agriculture Internet of things system of quantitatively implementing, its basic connotation is the soil property according to plant growth, regulate the input to crop, namely soil property and the yield-power spatial variability of inside, field is investigated thoroughly on the one hand, determine the productive target of crops on the other hand, " the system diagnostics positioned, optimization of C/C composites, Technical form, scientific management ", transfer soil productivity, equal income or higher income is reached and environmental protect with input that is minimum or that save most, utilize all kinds of agricultural resource efficiently, obtain economic benefit and environmental benefit.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the schematic diagram of the agricultural large data plant protection system based on Internet of Things;
Fig. 2 is the schematic diagram of display fog machine;
1. solar panels, 2. female sharp property rod, 3. trapping lamp, 4. jet pipe, 5. control gear, 6. support in figure.
Embodiment
Please refer to Fig. 1, the large data of the agricultural based on the Internet of Things plant protection system in figure, comprise front end signal collection and apparatus for work, signal transmitting apparatus, later stage monitoring control device, long-distance operating device.
Front end signal collection and apparatus for work comprise front end signal collecting mechanism, front operation mechanism.Wherein signals collecting mechanism is used for the information of soil and/or crop external environment, as soil humidity sensor, air humidity sensor, intensity of illumination sensor, CO 2the multiple sensors such as concentration sensor, soil moisture sensor and audio & video equipment composition, mainly gather the data message of the integrated environment needed for plant growth.Front operation mechanism is used for spraying to crop and/or ventilating and/or heat, and it can comprise sprinkling irrigation equipment as the opertaing device such as fog machine etc., ventilation equipment, firing equipment, realizes the control to environment needed for plant growth and resource.
Above-mentioned fog machine comprises an energy provides mechanism, a desinsection mechanism, a sprinkling irrigation mechanism, control gear, a support.The energy provides mechanism mainly to provide power resources to the operation of other mechanism, and the combination that this mechanism can be solar panel 1 and accumulator also can be single replaceable accumulator; Preferably select the combination of solar panel 1 and accumulator, like this without the need to often changing accumulator.Single replaceable accumulator can be used mainly to increase the protection domain of present patent application at this lay special stress on, in figure, accumulator is not shown in the diagram.Desinsection mechanism comprises female sharp property rod 2, trapping lamp 3.Female sharp property rod 2 is lure the disease and insect parts used at present, and its quantity can be selected can lure dissimilar disease and insect so as required, is labeled with two in figure; It sprays have and attract male female sex hormones; Trapping lamp 3 is also at present conventional parts, preferred frequency ventilating type insecticidal lamp, and it mainly utilizes the photoaxis characteristic of disease and insect, attracts disease and insect and by disease and insect electrothanasia.Sprinkling irrigation mechanism comprise electromagnetic pump, solenoid valve, jet pipe 4, wherein electromagnetic pump and solenoid valve not shown in the diagram; The quantity of above-mentioned electromagnetic pump, solenoid valve, jet pipe 4 can specifically confirm as required, this sprinkling irrigation mechanism mainly carries out comprehensive 360 degree of sprayings under the effect of control gear, carry out secondary to disease and insect like this to slaughter, thus ensure that large area reduces the Pesticide use amount of crops, greatly promote the organic degree of crops.The hardware of control gear 5 comprises control circuit board and housing, and its middle shell is protected control circuit board; The program of software for mechanism, desinsection mechanism, sprinkling irrigation mechanism being provided to control to the energy; This control gear special character with there is bluetooth or infrared port, the maintenance of such farmland can utilize that mobile phone A PP program is directly long-range to be controlled control gear, thus indirectly controls other mechanism.Support 6 is mainly above-mentioned all parts to carry out supporting and fixing, and this 6 one-tenth, support " Y " shape in the present embodiment, solar panel 1 is fixed on its one end, and trapping lamp 3 is fixed on its other end.
Signal transmitting apparatus is adopt wifi or zigbee Wireless LAN device to realize the collection of monitoring information and issuing of control data.Wherein the telegon of device inside serves as module farmland regional environment master controller, manage the wireless network in this region, be responsible for foundation and the maintenance of Local Area Network, the information such as receiving area inner sensor data and equipment state, send control command, the Working mechanism in management area simultaneously.Sensing data information from each regional coordination device, as the aggregation node of Local wireless network, is gathered and is uploaded to the computing machine of local control center by the serial ports of network or USB port by Multiple protocol gateway.
Later stage monitoring control device comprises network router, database server, data analytics server and client, and it is realized the data receiver of front end signal collecting mechanism and the instruction issuing to front operation mechanism by signal transmitting apparatus; For user provides data to show, the senior processing capacity such as expert consulting and aid decision making.
Long-distance operating device is mobile phone or handheld terminal, and long-distance user, if agriculture personnel and agricultural experts are then by network remote access back end supervisory system, understands on-the-spot correlation circumstance.
This covering device is connected with temperature controller, air tester, automatic sprinkling system by video collector, temperature sensor, soil sensor, humidity sensor, by wireless sensor network technologies such as Zigbee, Wifi, in real time tele-control system is delivered to video, temperature, humidity, antecedent soil moisture degrees of data, again data are sent to agriculture personnel, agricultural experts by mobile phone or handheld terminal, for the remote guide of agricultural experts, program decisions provide data foundation.
In video surveillance network, the real time video data collected is transmitted through the network to Multiple protocol gateway by the camera with wireless transmission function, then is uploaded to central host by gateway, realizes video monitoring function.
The concrete operation step of this equipment is:
1, step-by-step counting, detects misfortune insect pest situation;
2, open electric system and adopt APP control terminal, adopt and carry out intelligent automatic spraying, and information acquisition is carried out to the spraying of crops;
3, temperature control sensing, obtains the temperature variation of surrounding environment;
4, agricultural weather information acquisition;
5, farming growth information is monitored;
6, soil change sensor, acquisition soil change information;
7, set up internet information processing enter, apply large data and cloud computing, provide Informational support to the environment of regional agriculture, and relevant standards system is set up to the quality of organic farm products.

Claims (9)

1., based on the agricultural large data plant protection system of Internet of Things, it is characterized in that: comprise front end signal collection and apparatus for work, signal transmitting apparatus, multiple correspondence branch at the front-end control device of regional, later stage monitoring control device, a long-distance operating device; Front end signal collection and apparatus for work comprise front end signal collecting mechanism, front operation mechanism, wherein signals collecting mechanism is the sensor of the information to soil and/or crop external environment, and front operation mechanism is the device of spraying to crop and/or ventilating and/or heating; Signal transmitting apparatus is the device adopting wifi or zigbee WLAN (wireless local area network) to realize long range radio transmissions; Above-mentioned front end signal collection and apparatus for work, signal transmitting apparatus are all connected with front-end control device; Front-end control device gathers the signal of front end signal collecting mechanism and sends to the later stage to monitor control device by signal transmitting apparatus; Later stage monitoring control device comprises network router, database server, data analytics server and client; This later stage monitoring control device is realized the data receiver of front end signal collecting mechanism and the instruction issuing to front operation mechanism by signal transmitting apparatus; Long-distance operating device is mobile phone or handheld terminal.
2. according to the large data of the agricultural based on the Internet of Things plant protection system described in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described front end signal collecting mechanism comprises air humidity sensor and/or baroceptor and/or intensity of illumination sensor and/or carbon dioxide sensor and/or soil humidity sensor and/or soil moisture sensor and/or level sensor and/or video collector.
3. according to the large data of the agricultural based on the Internet of Things plant protection system described in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described front operation mechanism comprises sprinkling irrigation equipment and/or ventilation equipment and/or firing equipment.
4. according to the large data of the agricultural based on the Internet of Things plant protection system described in claim 3, it is characterized in that: described sprinkling irrigation equipment is fog machine, this fog machine comprises the energy provides mechanism, desinsection mechanism, sprinkling irrigation mechanism, control gear, support; Desinsection mechanism comprises female sharp property rod, trapping lamp, and above-mentioned female sharp property rod, trapping lamp are all fixed on support; Sprinkling irrigation mechanism comprises electromagnetic pump, the solenoid valve be connected with electromagnetic pump, is in the jet pipe of the water outlet end of electromagnetic pump; Control gear comprises control circuit board and housing, and control circuit board is in enclosure interior; The above-mentioned energy provides mechanism, trapping lamp, solenoid valve to be all connected with control circuit board.
5., according to the large data of the agricultural based on the Internet of Things plant protection system described in claim 4, it is characterized in that: the described energy provides mechanism to be solar panel and accumulator, and this solar panel is connected with accumulator by control circuit board.
6., according to the large data of the agricultural based on the Internet of Things plant protection system described in claim 4, it is characterized in that: the described energy provides mechanism to be accumulator, and this accumulator is connected with control circuit board and electromagnetic pump respectively.
7. according to the large data of the agricultural based on the Internet of Things plant protection system described in claim 4, it is characterized in that: the quantity of described female sharp property rod is more than 1, and it is fixed on each position of support.
8., according to the large data of the agricultural based on the Internet of Things plant protection system described in claim 4, it is characterized in that: described trapping lamp is frequency ventilating type insecticidal lamp.
9., according to the large data of the agricultural based on the Internet of Things plant protection system described in claim 4, it is characterized in that: described control circuit board has bluetooth port and/or infrared port.
CN201520315259.5U 2015-05-14 2015-05-14 Agricultural based on Internet of Things large data plant protection system Expired - Fee Related CN204695090U (en)

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105785819A (en) * 2016-03-28 2016-07-20 黄焕然 IoT (Internet of Things) agricultural multifunctional insect killer
CN105955377A (en) * 2016-07-27 2016-09-21 青岛农业大学 Soil multi-parameter measuring device and method
CN105955364A (en) * 2016-06-16 2016-09-21 青岛农业大学 Mobile-phone-based remote temperature and humidity monitoring system and method
CN108594775A (en) * 2018-04-18 2018-09-28 河南工业大学 A kind of agricultural big data information collection and processing system
CN109662080A (en) * 2018-12-14 2019-04-23 佛山市开机器人有限公司 One kind being used for farmland plant protection Internet of things system

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105785819A (en) * 2016-03-28 2016-07-20 黄焕然 IoT (Internet of Things) agricultural multifunctional insect killer
CN105955364A (en) * 2016-06-16 2016-09-21 青岛农业大学 Mobile-phone-based remote temperature and humidity monitoring system and method
CN105955377A (en) * 2016-07-27 2016-09-21 青岛农业大学 Soil multi-parameter measuring device and method
CN108594775A (en) * 2018-04-18 2018-09-28 河南工业大学 A kind of agricultural big data information collection and processing system
CN109662080A (en) * 2018-12-14 2019-04-23 佛山市开机器人有限公司 One kind being used for farmland plant protection Internet of things system

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