CN104005511B - High-performance water cement mortar plate built-in light ecological material T-shaped insulating bearing building block - Google Patents

High-performance water cement mortar plate built-in light ecological material T-shaped insulating bearing building block Download PDF

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CN104005511B
CN104005511B CN201410149386.2A CN201410149386A CN104005511B CN 104005511 B CN104005511 B CN 104005511B CN 201410149386 A CN201410149386 A CN 201410149386A CN 104005511 B CN104005511 B CN 104005511B
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building block
mortar plate
wire mesh
light ecological
mesh mortar
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CN104005511A (en
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张建伟
崔晓曦
曹万林
刘文超
马恒
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HEBEI HUIYUAN BUILDING MATERIAL Co.,Ltd.
Beijing University of Technology
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Beijing University of Technology
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Abstract

High-performance water cement mortar plate built-in light ecological material T-shaped insulating bearing building block, it relates to the realm of building construction. Wire mesh mortar plate is formed composite thermal insulation bearing building block by the present invention together with light ecological combination of materials. Wire mesh mortar plate has intensity height, has good weather resistance, and cost is low, conveniently manufactures and the feature such as use. Light ecological material mainly light ecological concrete relatively normal concrete there is better weather resistance, there is the Harmony with ecotope, alleviate the load to the earth and ecotope, it is achieved non-renewable type resource reusable edible, has good using function simultaneously. This insulation blocks, except having the advantage of above bi-material, also has easy construction, and without cold bridge between vertical block, the wire mesh mortar plate of building block both sides can play the features such as the effect of template when casting concrete.

Description

High-performance water cement mortar plate built-in light ecological material T-shaped insulating bearing building block
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of insulating bearing building block, in particular to the built-in light ecological material insulating bearing building block of high-performance water cement mortar plate.
Background technology
Along with carrying out of China's building energy conservation work comprehensively, all kinds of building enclosure block insulation technology obtains big quantifier elimination and mainly adopts External Thermal Insulation Technology for External with the heat insulating applying current building energy conservation peripheral protective building block, this technology has that light weight good effect of heat insulation is applied widely can eliminate the advantages such as hot bridge substantially, it is able to widespread use at home and abroad, especially cold and severe cold area application more can show its superiority but the general comprehensive cost of external wall outer insulation is higher, working procedure is more complicated, quality control is more difficult, protective layer cracking hollowing infiltration thermal insulation layer comes off and happens occasionally, particularly externally paste the system of facing tile, the worry often causing people is in addition, its thermal insulation layer generally adopts organic or containing the effective insulating materials of organic composition, the technique such as whitewash by pasting spraying, entirety is connected into wall base body, surface cracking resistance protective layer is thinner, resistivity against fire weather resistance is shock-resistant poor, work-ing life is 25 years, it is significantly shorter than Building life cycle. related personnel starts to pay close attention to the heat preservation technologies such as heat insulation building block technology.
Heat insulation building block mainly refers to that adopting light aggregate building block, composite heat insulation block, lightweight sand aerated concrete block, gas concrete plate shale modulus porous brick, rivers and lakes silt sintering brick etc. to have the supplementary materials such as the block material of bigger thermal resistance and relevant masonry mortar, web member builds by laying bricks or stones, installs, the exterior wall heat-preserving system that supporting reasonably " cold bridge " and " seam " treatment measures are formed. Compared with the complex heat-preservation technology such as external thermal insulation system, heat insulation building block has durable, fire prevention, shock-resistant, easy construction, comprehensive cost is low, common quality defect is few and buildings with advantages such as life-spans, in south China area, particularly hot-summer and cold-winter area starts the concern that obtains getting more and more in recent years.
High-performance water cement mortar plate built-in light ecological material T-shaped insulating bearing building block is light filling ecomaterial between two steel wire mortar plates, and is connected by two wire mesh mortar plates with web members such as Steel Trusss, forms insulating bearing building block. Wire mesh mortar plate and light ecological material two kinds of different materials make it have the characteristic of bi-material. This building block weight is light, has good heat preservation energy-saving characteristic, has good weather resistance simultaneously and be beneficial to construction. The wire mesh mortar plate of building block both sides can play the effect of template when casting concrete.
Summary of the invention
It is an object of the invention to improve the weather resistance of building block when building building block by laying bricks or stones, make building block have good incubation and thermal insulation function, when the certain supporting capacity of guarantee building block, it is to increase anti-seismic performance, makes construction more convenient simultaneously. The advantage of wire mesh mortar plate and light ecological material is combined, to reach corresponding object.
For achieving the above object, the technical solution used in the present invention is high-performance water cement mortar plate built-in light ecological material T-shaped insulating bearing building block, peripheral the enclosing by wire mesh mortar plate of this building block is closed, block interiors light filling ecomaterial, connect with Steel Truss between wire mesh mortar plate, being interconnected between wire reinforcement mesh mortar plate, at the reserved circular hole of T-shaped building block point of intersection, one is erected to reinforcing bar pass, strengthen the common work between building block, strengthen body of wall resistance to shear, and play position-limiting action, the light ecological material of building block end makes its outstanding or recessed wire mesh mortar plate end one segment distance when building simultaneously, form convex or spill, other building blocks and T-shaped building block are just blocked, being interconnected between building block can be strengthened like this, prevent building block seam place from cold bridge occurring simultaneously, what mortar adopted is High Performance Mortar, and inside has steel wire to gather net as Framework Of Steel Reinforcement, when machined steel silk screen reinforced cement-mortar board, only throws the outside of flat one side as formwork for placing, and coarse one side is the interior face of formwork for placing, between wire mesh mortar plate, junction is with high-strength polymerization mortar bonding, and described high-strength polymerization mortar is flexibly connecting of wire mesh mortar plate, and smearing thickness is no more than 5mm, so that adhesive-hardening fast, the light ecological material filled in building block is light ecological concrete material, namely in foamed concrete, add vegetable fibre, or adding eco-concrete specialist additive, described eco-concrete specialist additive is taking calcium carbonate, ground silica as the suspension of the inanimate matter of the safran of main component, T-shaped building block end is made into convex or spill, and light ecological material protrudes relative to wire mesh mortar plate end or recessed distance is 30��50mm.
Compared with prior art, the present invention has following useful effect.
Prefabricated wire mesh mortar plate and light ecological material are combined by the present invention. Building block is made to have good weather resistance. Light ecological material can play good heat insulating effect. Prefabricated wire mesh mortar plate intensity is higher, is connected by mortar plate with reinforcing bar or steel bar girder simultaneously, it is possible to ensure the supporting capacity of building block. Building block weight is light, and the body of wall earthquake mass force built by laying bricks or stones is little, and anti-seismic performance is good. When building light ecological material, mortar plate plays template action, saves the operation of the outside Zhi Mo of building block. Outside mortar plate smooth, the levelling operation such as plaster can be saved. Building block end is made into machicolated form simultaneously, enhances being interconnected between building block, prevents building block seam place from cold bridge occur, better heat preservation simultaneously.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is high-performance water cement mortar plate built-in light ecological material T-shaped insulating bearing building block orthographic plan.
Fig. 2 is for making high-performance water cement mortar plate built-in light ecological material T-shaped insulating bearing building block schematic diagram.
Fig. 3 is high-performance water cement mortar plate built-in light ecological material T-shaped insulating bearing building block entity figure.
Fig. 4 is the inner reinforcement drawing of high-performance water cement mortar plate built-in light ecological material T-shaped insulating bearing building block.
In figure: 1, wire mesh mortar plate, 2, light ecological material, 3, steel bar girder or other web members, 4, prefabricated embedded part, 5, high-strength polymerization mortar, 6, mould, 7, pre-opened hole, 8, erect to steel tie.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the invention will be further described.
The structural representation of high-performance water cement mortar plate built-in light ecological material T-shaped insulating bearing building block is as shown in Figure 1, Figure 2, Figure 3, Figure 4. Building block periphery is except all posting wire mesh mortar plate 1 in end; Block interiors light filling ecomaterial 2; Steel Truss or other web members 3 are set between the mortar plate 1 of building block both sides, wire mesh mortar plate 1 arranges prefabricated embedded part 4, Steel Truss 3 is welded with prefabricated embedded part 4, bond with high-strength polymerization mortar 5 between wire mesh mortar plate 1; At the reserved circular hole 7 of T-shaped building block point of intersection, erecting one and pass to steel tie 8, its production order is as follows,
S1 chooses the HPB300 steel bar girder 3 that diameter is about 6��8mm, and arranges prefabricated embedded part 4 within it when making wire mesh mortar plate 1, so that steel bar girder 3 welds with it.
Prefabricated embedded part 4 on wire mesh mortar plate 1 is welded by S2 with steel bar girder 3, with the connection reached between building block both sides wire mesh mortar plate 1;
S3 contact position between wire mesh mortar plate 1 bonds with high-strength polymerization mortar 5;
S4 places steel die 6 in wire mesh mortar plate 1 end, mould 6 and wire mesh mortar plate 1 is enclosed jointly and closes T-shaped closed cavity, and inside mould 6 coating lubricating oil, when preventing from building, mould 6 and component bond;
S5 places diameter 15��20mm plastic round tube in the point of intersection of T-shaped component, forms a circular hole 7, make to erect and can pass through to steel tie 8 after building;
S6 builds light ecological material 2, shaping mold removal, is high-performance water cement mortar plate built-in light ecological material T-shaped insulating bearing building block.
Building block both sides are wire mesh mortar plate 1, and growing tall of ferro-cement plate 1 can be processed into corresponding modulus, such as 50,150,300,600mm etc., thickness is 15��25mm. What mortar adopted is High Performance Mortar, and inside has steel wire to gather net as Framework Of Steel Reinforcement, when machined steel silk screen reinforced cement-mortar board 1, only throws the outside of flat one side as formwork for placing, and coarse one side is the interior face of formwork for placing.
Between wire mesh mortar plate 1, junction bonds with high-strength polymerization mortar 5, and what described high-strength polymerization mortar 5 was wire mesh mortar plate 1 flexibly connects, and smearing thickness is no more than 5mm, so that quick adhesive-hardening.
Steel bar girder 3 uses HPB300 reinforcing bar, diameter 6��8mm, and steel bar girder is placed in building block middle height, welds with the prefabricated embedded part 4 on wire mesh mortar plate 1.
The steel bar girder 3 connecting two wire mesh mortar plates 1 may also be other prefabricated web members.
Can using the reinforcing bars such as HPB300, HRB335 through erecting of the pre-opened hole 7 in building block to steel tie 8, diameter can choose about 10mm.
The light ecological material 2 filled in building block is light ecological concrete material, adds vegetable fibre, it is possible to add eco-concrete specialist additive in foamed concrete, and it is taking calcium carbonate, ground silica as the suspension of the inanimate matter of the safran of main component.
T-shaped building block end is made into convex or spill, and light ecological material 2 protrudes relative to wire mesh mortar plate 1 end or recessed distance is 30��50mm.
Being more than an exemplary embodiments of the present invention, the enforcement of the present invention is not limited to this.

Claims (5)

1. high-performance water cement mortar plate built-in light ecological material T-shaped insulating bearing building block, it is characterised in that: building block periphery is all posted wire mesh mortar plate (1) except end and is formed T-shaped cavity; Light filling ecomaterial (2) in described T-shaped cavity; Between wire mesh mortar plate (1) outside building block, steel bar girder (3) is set, described steel bar girder (3) is placed in T-shaped cavity inside, wire mesh mortar plate (1) arranges prefabricated embedded part (4), being welded with prefabricated embedded part (4) by steel bar girder (3), wire mesh mortar plate bonds between (1); The reserved circular hole (7) of T-shaped building block point of intersection, one is erected to steel tie (8) through described circular hole (7);
Corresponding modulus is processed in growing tall of ferro-cement plate (1); Described length modulus is 50,150,300,600mm, be highly 15��25mm; What mortar adopted is High Performance Mortar, and inside has steel wire to gather net as Framework Of Steel Reinforcement, when processing wire mesh mortar plate (1), only throws the outside of flat one side as formwork for placing, and coarse one side is the interior face of formwork for placing.
2. high-performance water cement mortar plate according to claim 1 built-in light ecological material T-shaped insulating bearing building block, it is characterized in that: between wire mesh mortar plate (1), junction bonds with high-strength polymerization mortar (5), described high-strength polymerization mortar (5) flexibly connecting for wire mesh mortar plate (1), smearing thickness is no more than 5mm, so that quick adhesive-hardening.
3. high-performance water cement mortar plate according to claim 1 built-in light ecological material T-shaped insulating bearing building block, it is characterized in that: steel bar girder (3) uses HPB300 reinforcing bar, diameter 6��8mm, steel bar girder (3) is placed in the middle part of building block, welds with the prefabricated embedded part (4) on wire mesh mortar plate (1).
4. high-performance water cement mortar plate according to claim 1 built-in light ecological material T-shaped insulating bearing building block, it is characterised in that: the steel bar girder (3) connecting two wire mesh mortar plates (1) replaces with other prefabricated web members except steel bar girder (3); Using, to steel tie (8), the reinforcing bar that model is HPB300, HRB335 through erecting of the circular hole (7) in building block, diameter is 8��15mm; The light ecological material (2) filled in building block is light ecological concrete material, namely in foamed concrete, add vegetable fibre, or adding eco-concrete specialist additive, described eco-concrete specialist additive is taking calcium carbonate, ground silica as the suspension of the inanimate matter of the safran of main component; T-shaped insulating bearing building block end is made into convex or spill, and light ecological material (2) protrudes relative to wire mesh mortar plate (1) end or recessed distance is 30��50mm.
5. high-performance water cement mortar plate according to claim 1 built-in light ecological material T-shaped insulating bearing building block, it is characterised in that: concrete production order is as follows,
S1 chooses the HPB300 steel bar girder (3) that diameter is 6��8mm, and when making wire mesh mortar plate (1), prefabricated embedded part (4) is set in wire mesh mortar plate (1) inner side, so that steel bar girder (3) welds with prefabricated embedded part (4);
Prefabricated embedded part (4) on wire mesh mortar plate (1) is welded by S2 with steel bar girder (3), with the connection reached between building block both sides wire mesh mortar plate (1), forms T-shaped cavity;
S3 contact position between wire mesh mortar plate (1) bonds with high-strength polymerization mortar (5);
S4 places steel die (6) in wire mesh mortar plate (1) end, mould (6) and wire mesh mortar plate (1) are enclosed jointly and closes T-shaped closed cavity, and in mould (6) inner side coating lubricating oil, when preventing from building, mould (6) and component bond;
S5 places diameter 15��20mm plastic round tube in the point of intersection of T-shaped insulating bearing building block, forms a circular hole (7), make to erect and can pass through to steel tie (8) after building;
S6 builds light ecological material (2), shaping mold removal, is high-performance water cement mortar plate built-in light ecological material T-shaped insulating bearing building block.
CN201410149386.2A 2014-04-12 2014-04-12 High-performance water cement mortar plate built-in light ecological material T-shaped insulating bearing building block Active CN104005511B (en)

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CN110042980A (en) * 2019-05-07 2019-07-23 解玉梅 A kind of energy-conserving plate material and preparation method thereof for construction wall
RU209493U1 (en) * 2021-05-31 2022-03-16 федеральное государственное бюджетное образовательное учреждение высшего образования "Пермский государственный аграрно-технологический университет имени академика Д.Н. Прянишникова" BUILDING BLOCK FOR CONSTRUCTION OF LOW-RISE BUILDINGS

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CN101603349A (en) * 2009-07-03 2009-12-16 北京工业大学 Be with light heat-insulation mortar bed T type recycled concrete block and preparation method thereof
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CN101818537A (en) * 2010-04-30 2010-09-01 四川善晟建筑智能化工程有限公司 Building block for building planar structure
CN102383521A (en) * 2011-08-26 2012-03-21 傅礼铭 Composite mold clamp building block

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RU2327843C1 (en) * 2007-06-22 2008-06-27 Александр Николаевич Пирогов Hollow construction block
CN101603349A (en) * 2009-07-03 2009-12-16 北京工业大学 Be with light heat-insulation mortar bed T type recycled concrete block and preparation method thereof
CN101603337A (en) * 2009-07-03 2009-12-16 北京工业大学 Be with light heat-insulation mortar bed combined masonry of recycled concrete block and preparation method thereof
CN101818537A (en) * 2010-04-30 2010-09-01 四川善晟建筑智能化工程有限公司 Building block for building planar structure
CN102383521A (en) * 2011-08-26 2012-03-21 傅礼铭 Composite mold clamp building block

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Effective date of registration: 20210107

Address after: 100124 No. 100 Chaoyang District Ping Tian Park, Beijing

Patentee after: Beijing University of Technology

Patentee after: HEBEI HUIYUAN BUILDING MATERIAL Co.,Ltd.

Address before: 100124 No. 100 Chaoyang District Ping Tian Park, Beijing

Patentee before: Beijing University of Technology