CN101603337A - Be with light heat-insulation mortar bed combined masonry of recycled concrete block and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

Be with light heat-insulation mortar bed combined masonry of recycled concrete block and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101603337A
CN101603337A CNA2009100885201A CN200910088520A CN101603337A CN 101603337 A CN101603337 A CN 101603337A CN A2009100885201 A CNA2009100885201 A CN A2009100885201A CN 200910088520 A CN200910088520 A CN 200910088520A CN 101603337 A CN101603337 A CN 101603337A
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China
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concrete block
recycled concrete
insulation mortar
heat
light heat
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CN101603337B (en
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曹万林
周中一
张建伟
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Cangzhou architectural design and Research Institute Co Ltd
Beijing University of Technology
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Beijing University of Technology
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Abstract

A kind of band light heat-insulation mortar composite heat-insulating layer combined masonry of recycled concrete block and preparation method thereof belongs to a kind of novel energy-conserving combined masonry of recycled concrete block and preparation method thereof.This combined masonry is built and is formed by yi word pattern, T type, L type, cross band light heat-insulation mortar composite heat-insulating layer recycled concrete block group.This kind building block is made of recycled concrete block wall and recycled concrete block rib, and is heat-insulation mortar bed at the hollow part light filling of recycled concrete block; Groove 4 or protruding key 5 are set in the end of building block; The end recesses of yi word pattern, L type, T type and cross recycled concrete block is stung block mutually, and it is whole that interlocking becomes.Premium properties such as that combined masonry of the present invention has is in light weight, intensity is high, overall performance good, energy-saving heat preserving, sharp useless, sound insulation, antidetonation, easy construction.

Description

Be with light heat-insulation mortar bed combined masonry of recycled concrete block and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of light heat-insulation mortar bed combined masonry of recycled concrete block and preparation method thereof of being with, belong to a kind of novel energy-conserving, sharp useless, concrete block combined masonry and preparation method thereof.
Background technology
Along with the needs of development of social production and people's life, various forms of buildings are rised sheer from level ground.In these buildings, masonry is often used as load-bearing or space enclosing structure.For this reason, the consumption of masonry is also in sharp increase.The masonry type that loam brick uses in a very long time as China had once been made significant contribution for the construction business of China.A large amount of uses of clay solid brick have caused the irrecoverable property destruction of farmland and land resources, and this runs counter to China's STRATEGIES OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT.In order to implement the fundamental state policy in China protection soil, country forbids strictly the use of clay solid brick and adopts other new wall material.
Concrete hollow block is exactly the optimal selection of loam brick as an alternative, and it has easy, the advantages such as making is simple, easy construction of drawing materials; And also have huge social benefit and environmental benefit at joint soil, sharp aspect such as useless.Therefore, the development concrete hollow block is an inexorable trend.But, on the one hand, along with the increase of concrete hollow block consumption, the more concrete of inevitable demand, correspondingly be that a large amount of natural sandstone aggregates are constantly exploited, it is exhausted that the natural aggregate resource also is tending towards; Along with the arrival of China's building cycle, the quantity of building waste has accounted for 30%~40% of municipal refuse total amount on the other hand, and wherein most important component is a discarded concrete; Available coagulation soil building-block masonry exists problems such as globality is poor, cracking resistance is poor, thermal insulation is poor, impermeability is poor on the one hand again; Existing common yi word pattern concrete block simultaneously a little less than the connection each other, especially in the junction of wall in length and breadth, also proves in all previous earthquake, in length and breadth the wall junction weak spot of earthquake especially.These have influenced concrete block applying in China to a certain extent.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to provide a kind of and collects in light weight, premium properties such as intensity is high, overall performance good, energy-saving heat preserving, sound insulation is good, anti-seismic performance is good, easy construction are one novel is with light heat-insulation mortar bed combined masonry of recycled concrete block, to solve problems such as the order globality is poor, cracking resistance is poor, thermal insulation is poor, impermeability is poor.
The technical solution used in the present invention is:
A kind of light heat-insulation mortar bed combined masonry of recycled concrete block of being with of the present invention, be with light heat-insulation mortar bed recycled concrete block group block to form by a series of, it is characterized in that: described combined masonry comprises the light heat-insulation mortar bed recycled concrete block of yi word pattern band, the light heat-insulation mortar bed recycled concrete block of L type band, the light heat-insulation mortar bed recycled concrete block of T type band and crossly be with light heat-insulation mortar bed recycled concrete block, the light heat-insulation mortar bed recycled concrete block of described yi word pattern band, the light heat-insulation mortar bed recycled concrete block of L type band, light heat-insulation mortar bed recycled concrete block of T type band and the cross different parts that is respectively applied for body of wall with light heat-insulation mortar bed recycled concrete block, the light heat-insulation mortar bed recycled concrete block of yi word pattern band and other recycled concrete block are stung block mutually, to strengthen the connection between the building block, improve integrality of wall.
Describedly be with light heat-insulation mortar bed combined masonry of recycled concrete block, it is characterized in that: described recycled concrete block refers to be mixed with regeneration aggregate at concrete block in concrete aggregate, contain and be mixed with regenerated coarse aggregate, or be mixed with recycled fine aggregate, or be mixed with regenerated coarse aggregate and recycled fine aggregate simultaneously; The ratio of the regeneration aggregate that it is mixed with can be determined according to requirement of engineering.When the regeneration aggregate ratio that is mixed with is 100%, be called full recycled concrete block; When being mixed with regeneration aggregate when being 0%, be the ordinary concrete building block.
Describedly be with light heat-insulation mortar bed combined masonry of recycled concrete block, it is characterized in that: described recycled concrete block is applied to body of wall following characteristics: regeneration aggregate void content height, bulk density and apparent density are littler than natural materials, and recycled concrete block body of wall heat preservation and insulation and sound insulation property are better than the ordinary concrete blockwork.
Describedly be with light heat-insulation mortar bed combined masonry of recycled concrete block, it is characterized in that: described light heat-insulation mortar is light materials such as glass bead, granular polystyrene and the certain cementitious material light heat-insulation mortar that is composited.Described glass bead is a kind of unorganic glass matter mineral material; be to be ground into ore in sand form by lava; process through special expanded burning method; be irregular spherical particle; inside is cavity structure, surperficial vitreous sealing, and gloss is level and smooth; physicochemical property is stable, has light weight, heat-insulating, fire-preventing, high-low temperature resistant, anti-aging, good characteristic such as water absorption rate is little.Many traditional lightweight aggregates such as alternative fly ash float, glass pearl, normal expanded perlite, granular polystyrene are used in different goods, are a kind of environment-friendly type high performance inorganic light weight thermal insulation materials.Kervit microbead insulated sand slurry is glass bead, adhesive multiple additives such as (cement, gypsum etc.) to be optimized proportioning in factory stir and be mixed into the dry powder bulk cargo; as wall heat insulation material, have excellent thermal and insulating performance and fire prevention ageing-resistant performance, hollowing cracking, intensity height, site operation do not add the water stirring and advantage such as can use.Described granular polystyrene is the particle that waste and old polyphenyl material fragmentation is processed into 0.4mm~2.5mm.Polyphenyl particle heat-insulating mortar is a kind of by the rubber powder material with granular polystyrene is formed and the granular polystyrene volume ratio is not less than 80% heat-insulating mortar, and the system of mixing in proportion at the construction field (site) forms.Rubber powder material and granular polystyrene play critical influence as two big main components in the adhesive powder-polystyrene granule thermal insulation mortar to whole system.
Describedly be with light heat-insulation mortar bed combined masonry of recycled concrete block, it is characterized in that: the light heat-insulation mortar bed recycled concrete block of described yi word pattern band is made of light heat-insulation mortar bed between recycled concrete block wall, recycled concrete block rib and recycled concrete block wall and the recycled concrete block rib, described recycled concrete block wall and recycled concrete block rib surround hollow parts, in described hollow parts, be filled with light heat-insulation mortar, thereby become light heat-insulation mortar bed; The two ends of described recycled concrete block wall are provided with groove and protruding key, can sting block mutually between groove and the protruding key, and self-locking becomes whole in allowable ratio of height to sectional thickness of masonry wall or column.
Describedly be with light heat-insulation mortar bed combined masonry of recycled concrete block, it is characterized in that: the light heat-insulation mortar bed recycled concrete block of described L type band is made of recycled concrete block wall and recycled concrete block rib; Described recycled concrete block wall and described recycled concrete block rib surround hollow parts, hollow parts comprises the part of the light heat-insulation mortar bed recycled concrete block of L type band corner and the light heat-insulation mortar hollow parts of end, the hollow parts of described corner is cast with reinforced concrete structural column, or setting and the corresponding bight of wall heat resistance layer compartment be the thermoresistance layers of 45 degree, and terraced form steel tie sheet is set between thermoresistance layer bight and masonry; Be filled with light heat-insulation mortar in the described light heat-insulation mortar hollow parts in end, constitute light heat-insulation mortar bed; The recycled concrete block wall two ends of the light heat-insulation mortar bed recycled concrete block of described L type band are provided with groove, and to sting block with the light heat-insulation mortar bed recycled concrete block of yi word pattern band, it is whole that interlocking becomes.
Describedly be with light heat-insulation mortar bed combined masonry of recycled concrete block, it is characterized in that: the light heat-insulation mortar bed recycled concrete block of described T type band is by the recycled concrete block wall, light heat-insulation mortar bed formation between recycled concrete block rib and recycled concrete block wall and the recycled concrete block rib, described recycled concrete block wall and described recycled concrete block rib surround hollow parts, hollow parts comprises the hollow parts that is positioned at T type recycled concrete block intersection point place and the light heat-insulation mortar hollow parts of end, the hollow parts of corner is built reinforced concrete structural column, or setting and the corresponding bight of wall heat resistance layer compartment be the thermoresistance layers of 45 degree, and terraced form steel tie sheet is set between thermoresistance layer bight and masonry; The described light heat-insulation mortar hollow parts in end is filled with light heat-insulation mortar, constitutes light heat-insulation mortar bed; The end of the recycled concrete block wall of the light heat-insulation mortar bed recycled concrete block of described T type band is provided with groove, and to sting block mutually with the light heat-insulation mortar bed recycled concrete block of yi word pattern band, it is whole that interlocking becomes.
Describedly be with light heat-insulation mortar bed combined masonry of recycled concrete block, it is characterized in that: describedly crossly be with light heat-insulation mortar bed recycled concrete block by the recycled concrete block wall, light heat-insulation mortar bed formation between recycled concrete block rib and recycled concrete block wall and the recycled concrete block rib, described recycled concrete block wall and described recycled concrete block rib surround hollow parts, hollow parts comprises the hollow parts that is positioned at intersection point place, cross recycled concrete block center and the light heat-insulation mortar hollow parts of end all around, the hollow parts of corner is provided with reinforced concrete structural column, or setting and the corresponding bight of wall heat resistance layer compartment be the thermoresistance layers of 45 degree, and terraced form steel tie sheet is set between thermoresistance layer bight and masonry; The described light heat-insulation mortar hollow parts in end is filled with light heat-insulation mortar, constitutes light heat-insulation mortar bed; The end of described cross recycled concrete block wall with light heat-insulation mortar bed recycled concrete block is provided with groove, and is engaged with the light heat-insulation mortar bed recycled concrete block of yi word pattern band, and it is whole that interlocking becomes.
Describedly be with light heat-insulation mortar bed combined masonry of recycled concrete block, it is characterized in that: between described reinforced concrete structural column and recycled concrete block steel tie is set, the diameter of steel tie is more than or equal to 6mm, the length that stretches into recycled concrete block is more than or equal to 600mm, along the spacing of the short transverse steel tie height smaller or equal to 3 layers of building block.Described reinforced concrete structural column is characterized in that constructional column selects for use 4 diameters to be not less than the vertical muscle of 6mm, spacing and be not more than the material that stirrup, strength grade of concrete that the 200mm diameter is not less than 4mm are not less than the block strength grade.
Describedly be with light heat-insulation mortar bed combined masonry of recycled concrete block, it is characterized in that: described terraced form steel tie sheet comprises vertical muscle and the disconnected reinforcing bar of terraced lattice, the disconnected reinforcing bar of vertical muscle and terraced lattice is on same plane, weld between the two equal diameters and the two, the two bar diameter is more than or equal to 6mm, the length that ladder form steel tie sheet stretches into masonry is more than or equal to 600mm, along the spacing of the short transverse ladder form steel tie sheet height smaller or equal to 3 layers of building block (thickness of adhesive mortar).
Described light heat-insulation mortar; it is characterized by: light heat-insulation mortar is light materials such as glass bead, granular polystyrene and the certain cementitious material light heat-insulation mortar that is composited; described glass bead is a kind of unorganic glass matter mineral material; be to be ground into ore in sand form by lava; process through special expanded burning method; be irregular spherical particle; inside is cavity structure; surface vitreous sealing; gloss is level and smooth; physicochemical property is stable, has light weight, heat-insulating, fire-preventing, high-low temperature resistant, anti-aging, good characteristic such as water absorption rate is little.Many traditional lightweight aggregates such as alternative fly ash float, glass pearl, normal expanded perlite, granular polystyrene are used in different goods, are a kind of environment-friendly type high performance inorganic light weight thermal insulation materials.Kervit microbead insulated sand slurry is glass bead, adhesive multiple additives such as (cement, gypsum etc.) to be optimized proportioning in factory stir and be mixed into the dry powder bulk cargo; as wall heat insulation material, have excellent thermal and insulating performance and fire prevention ageing-resistant performance, hollowing cracking, intensity height, site operation do not add the water stirring and advantage such as can use.Described granular polystyrene is the particle that waste and old polyphenyl material fragmentation is processed into 0.4mm~2.5mm.Polyphenyl particle heat-insulating mortar is a kind of by the rubber powder material with granular polystyrene is formed and the granular polystyrene volume ratio is not less than 80% heat-insulating mortar, and the system of mixing in proportion at the construction field (site) forms.Rubber powder material and granular polystyrene play critical influence as two big main components in the adhesive powder-polystyrene granule thermal insulation mortar to whole system.
Above-mentioned preparation method with light heat-insulation mortar bed combined masonry of recycled concrete block, it is characterized in that: production order is as follows:
Step 1: make yi word pattern, L type, T type respectively, crossly be with light heat-insulation mortar bed recycled concrete block;
Step 2: with the described yi word pattern of step 1, L type, T type, crossly be with light heat-insulation mortar bed recycled concrete block, carry out building by laying bricks or stones of combined masonry, wherein L type, T type, crossly be with light heat-insulation mortar bed recycled concrete block to be used for the corner, and and the light heat-insulation mortar bed recycled concrete block of yi word pattern band between interlock mutually.
Step 3: build by laying bricks or stones layer by layer and all types ofly be with light heat-insulation mortar bed recycled concrete block to the floor height place, casting reinforced concrete collar tie beam then, final formation is with light heat-insulation mortar bed combined masonry of recycled concrete block.
Described preparation method with light heat-insulation mortar bed combined masonry of recycled concrete block is characterized in that: the way (being suitable for the more structure of the number of plies) in the L type in the step 2, T type, cross bight with light heat-insulation mortar bed recycled concrete block is as follows:
Configuration reinforcement concrete constructional column reinforcing bar and steel tie, and cast constructional column concrete, L type, bight cross, the building block of T type are provided with the hollow parts of square-section, to be used to pour into reinforced concrete structural column, between reinforced concrete structural column and masonry steel tie is set, the diameter of steel tie is more than or equal to 6mm, and the length that stretches into masonry is more than or equal to 600mm, along the spacing of the short transverse steel tie height smaller or equal to 3 layers of building block (thickness of adhesive mortar).
Described preparation method with light heat-insulation mortar bed combined masonry of recycled concrete block is characterized in that: the another kind of way (being suitable for the less structure of the number of plies) in the L type in the step 2, T type, cross bight with light heat-insulation mortar bed recycled concrete block is as follows:
L type, bight cross, the building block of T type are provided with the thermoresistance layer that is 45 degree with the corresponding bight of wall heat resistance layer compartment, terraced form steel tie sheet is set between bight and masonry, the vertical muscle of ladder form steel tie sheet and the disconnected reinforcing bar of terraced lattice are on same plane, weld between the two equal diameters and the two, the two bar diameter is more than or equal to 6mm, the length that ladder form steel tie sheet stretches into masonry is more than or equal to 600mm, along the spacing of the short transverse ladder form steel tie sheet height smaller or equal to 3 layers of building block (thickness of adhesive mortar).
Among the present invention, should determine according to block insulation and intensity needs, can be divided into 2 or 3 thermal resistance bands along the block thickness direction usually at the recycled concrete block thickness direction.The regeneration concrete wall also has the certain protection effect to light heat-insulation mortar mortar insulation layer, prevents the aging of light heat-insulation mortar mortar insulation layer.The two ends of yi word pattern recycled concrete block are provided with groove and protruding key respectively, and by the connection between the building block, light heat-insulation mortar mortar insulation layer is linked to be integral body, inside and outside wall can be separated, and improve the thermal insulation ability of body of wall.T font, L type, cross recycled concrete block are respectively applied for the handing-over position between interior exterior wall, exterior wall, the interior wall, and the groove and the protruding key of yi word pattern regeneration concrete building-block end are engaged, have improved integrality of wall.Mutually the combined masonry of interlock is 45 thermoresistance layers of spending with constructional column (being used for the more structure of the number of plies) that is provided with by construction measure or setting with the corresponding bight of wall heat resistance layer compartment, between bight and masonry terraced form steel tie sheet (being used for the less structure of the number of plies) is set, steel tie links to each other with collar tie beam, anti-seismic performance improves greatly.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the light heat-insulation mortar bed recycled concrete block organigram of yi word pattern band;
Fig. 2 is the light heat-insulation mortar bed recycled concrete block organigram of L type band;
Fig. 3 is the light heat-insulation mortar bed recycled concrete block organigram of T type band;
Fig. 4 is the cross light heat-insulation mortar bed recycled concrete block organigram of being with;
Fig. 5 is terraced form steel tie net sheet schematic diagram;
Fig. 6 is band constructional column L type, T type, cross steel tie net sheet schematic diagram;
Fig. 7 is no constructional column L type, T type, cross steel tie net sheet schematic diagram;
Fig. 8 is the light heat-insulation mortar bed recycled concrete block organigram of no constructional column L type band;
Fig. 9 is the light heat-insulation mortar bed recycled concrete block organigram of no constructional column T type band;
To be that no constructional column is cross be with light heat-insulation mortar bed recycled concrete block organigram to Figure 10;
Figure 11 is the combined masonry schematic diagram
Wherein: 1-recycled concrete block wall, 2-recycled concrete block rib, 3-light heat-insulation mortar insulation layer, the 4-groove, the protruding key of 5-, 9-reinforcing bar regeneration concrete constructional column, 10-sockets reinforcing bar, and 11-indulges muscle, the disconnected reinforcing bar of 12-ladder lattice.
The specific embodiment
The present invention will be further described below in conjunction with specific embodiment:
A kind of light heat-insulation mortar bed combined masonry of recycled concrete block of being with of the present invention, be with light heat-insulation mortar bed recycled concrete block group block to form by a series of, combined masonry comprises the light heat-insulation mortar bed recycled concrete block of yi word pattern band, the light heat-insulation mortar bed recycled concrete block of L type band, the light heat-insulation mortar bed recycled concrete block of T type band and crossly be with light heat-insulation mortar bed recycled concrete block, the light heat-insulation mortar bed recycled concrete block of described yi word pattern band, the light heat-insulation mortar bed recycled concrete block of L type band, light heat-insulation mortar bed recycled concrete block of T type band and the cross different parts that is respectively applied for body of wall with light heat-insulation mortar bed recycled concrete block, the light heat-insulation mortar bed recycled concrete block of yi word pattern band and other recycled concrete block are stung block mutually, to strengthen the connection between the building block, improve integrality of wall.
The light heat-insulation mortar bed recycled concrete block of yi word pattern band is made of light heat-insulation mortar bed 3 between recycled concrete block wall 1, recycled concrete block rib 2 and recycled concrete block wall 1 and the recycled concrete block rib 2, recycled concrete block wall 1 and recycled concrete block rib 2 surround hollow parts, in hollow parts, be filled with the light heat-insulation mortar thermal insulation mortar, thereby become light heat-insulation mortar bed 3; The two ends of recycled concrete block wall 1 are provided with groove 4 and protruding key 5, can sting block mutually between groove 4 and the protruding key 5, and self-locking becomes whole in allowable ratio of height to sectional thickness of masonry wall or column.
The light heat-insulation mortar bed recycled concrete block of L type band is made of recycled concrete block wall 1 and recycled concrete block rib 2; Recycled concrete block wall 1 and described recycled concrete block rib 2 surround hollow parts, hollow parts comprises the hollow parts of the light heat-insulation mortar bed recycled concrete block of L type band corner and the light heat-insulation mortar hollow parts of end, the hollow parts of corner is cast with reinforced concrete structural column 9, or setting and the corresponding bight of wall heat resistance layer compartment be the thermoresistance layers of 45 degree, and terraced form steel tie sheet is set between thermoresistance layer bight and masonry; Be filled with light heat-insulation mortar in the described light heat-insulation mortar hollow parts in end, constitute light heat-insulation mortar bed 3; Recycled concrete block wall 1 two ends of the light heat-insulation mortar bed recycled concrete block of L type band are provided with groove 4, and to sting block with the light heat-insulation mortar bed recycled concrete block of yi word pattern band, it is whole that interlocking becomes.
The light heat-insulation mortar bed recycled concrete block of T type band is by recycled concrete block wall 1, between recycled concrete block rib 2 and recycled concrete block wall 1 and the recycled concrete block rib 2 light heat-insulation mortar bed 3 constitutes, recycled concrete block wall 1 and described recycled concrete block rib 2 surround hollow parts, hollow parts comprises the reinforcing bar regeneration concrete hollow parts that is positioned at T type recycled concrete block intersection point place and the light heat-insulation mortar hollow parts of end, the hollow parts of corner is built reinforced concrete structural column 9, or setting and the corresponding bight of wall heat resistance layer compartment be the thermoresistance layers of 45 degree, and terraced form steel tie sheet is set between thermoresistance layer bight and masonry; The described light heat-insulation mortar hollow parts in end is filled with light heat-insulation mortar, constitutes light heat-insulation mortar bed 3; The end of the recycled concrete block wall 1 of the light heat-insulation mortar bed recycled concrete block of T type band is provided with groove 4, and to sting block mutually with the light heat-insulation mortar bed recycled concrete block of yi word pattern band, it is whole that interlocking becomes.
Crossly be with light heat-insulation mortar bed recycled concrete block by recycled concrete block wall 1, between recycled concrete block rib 2 and recycled concrete block wall 1 and the recycled concrete block rib 2 light heat-insulation mortar bed 3 constitutes, recycled concrete block wall 1 and described recycled concrete block rib 2 surround hollow parts, hollow parts comprises the hollow parts that is positioned at intersection point place, cross recycled concrete block center and the light heat-insulation mortar hollow parts of end all around, the hollow parts at place, crosspoint is provided with reinforced concrete structural column 9, or setting and the corresponding bight of wall heat resistance layer compartment be the thermoresistance layers of 45 degree, and terraced form steel tie sheet is set between thermoresistance layer bight and masonry; The described light heat-insulation mortar hollow parts in end is filled with light heat-insulation mortar, constitutes light heat-insulation mortar bed 3; The end of cross recycled concrete block wall 1 with light heat-insulation mortar bed recycled concrete block is provided with groove 4, and is engaged with the light heat-insulation mortar bed recycled concrete block of yi word pattern band, and it is whole that interlocking becomes.
Steel tie 10 is set between reinforced concrete structural column 9 and recycled concrete block, the diameter of steel tie 10 is more than or equal to 6mm, the length that stretches into recycled concrete block is more than or equal to 600mm, along the spacing of the short transverse steel tie height smaller or equal to 3 layers of building block.Reinforced concrete structural column 9 is selected for use 4 diameters to be not less than the vertical muscle of 6mm, spacing and is not more than the material that stirrup, strength grade of concrete that the 200mm diameter is not less than 4mm are not less than the block strength grade.Ladder form steel tie sheet comprises vertical muscle 11 and the disconnected reinforcing bar 12 of terraced lattice, the disconnected reinforcing bar 12 of vertical muscle 11 and terraced lattice is on same plane, weld between the two equal diameters and the two, the two bar diameter is more than or equal to 6mm, the length that ladder form steel tie sheet stretches into masonry is more than or equal to 600mm, along the spacing of the short transverse ladder form steel tie sheet height smaller or equal to 3 layers of building block (thickness of adhesive mortar).Recycled concrete block is to be mixed with regeneration aggregate in the concrete aggregate, regeneration aggregate is regenerated coarse aggregate or recycled fine aggregate or is regenerated coarse aggregate and recycled fine aggregate simultaneously, when the regeneration aggregate ratio that is mixed with is 100%, be full recycled concrete block, when being mixed with regeneration aggregate when being 0%, be the ordinary concrete building block.Light heat-insulation mortar is composited by glass bead, granular polystyrene light material and cementitious material.
Above-mentioned preparation method with light heat-insulation mortar bed combined masonry of recycled concrete block, it is characterized in that: production order is as follows:
Step 1: make yi word pattern, L type, T type respectively, crossly be with light heat-insulation mortar bed recycled concrete block;
Step 2: with the described yi word pattern of step 1, L type, T type, crossly be with light heat-insulation mortar bed recycled concrete block, carry out building by laying bricks or stones of combined masonry, wherein L type, T type, crossly be with light heat-insulation mortar bed recycled concrete block to be used for the corner, and and the light heat-insulation mortar bed recycled concrete block of yi word pattern band between interlock mutually.
Step 3: build by laying bricks or stones layer by layer and all types ofly be with light heat-insulation mortar bed recycled concrete block to the floor height place, casting reinforced concrete collar tie beam then, final formation is with light heat-insulation mortar bed combined masonry of recycled concrete block.
Wherein, more than the more structure of the number of plies, the way in the L type in the step 2, T type, cross bight with light heat-insulation mortar bed recycled concrete block is as follows:
Configuration reinforcement concrete constructional column reinforcing bar and steel tie, and cast constructional column concrete, L type, bight cross, the building block of T type are provided with the hollow parts of square-section, to be used to pour into reinforced concrete structural column 9, between reinforced concrete structural column 9 and masonry steel tie is set, the diameter of steel tie is more than or equal to 6mm, and the length that stretches into masonry is more than or equal to 600mm, along the spacing of the short transverse steel tie height smaller or equal to 3 layers of building block (thickness of adhesive mortar).
More than the less structure of the number of plies, the way in the L type in the step 2, T type, cross bight with light heat-insulation mortar bed recycled concrete block is as follows:
L type, bight cross, the building block of T type are provided with the thermoresistance layer that is 45 degree with the corresponding bight of wall heat resistance layer compartment, terraced form steel tie sheet is set between bight and masonry, the vertical muscle of ladder form steel tie sheet and the disconnected reinforcing bar of terraced lattice are on same plane, weld between the two equal diameters and the two, the two bar diameter is more than or equal to 6mm, the length that ladder form steel tie sheet stretches into masonry is more than or equal to 600mm, along the spacing of the short transverse ladder form steel tie sheet height smaller or equal to 3 layers of building block (thickness of adhesive mortar).
More than be an exemplary embodiments of the present invention, enforcement of the present invention is not limited thereto.

Claims (12)

1. be with light heat-insulation mortar composite heat-insulating layer combined masonry of recycled concrete block for one kind, form by a series of band light heat-insulation mortar composite heat-insulating layer recycled concrete block groups blocks, it is characterized in that: described combined masonry comprises yi word pattern band light heat-insulation mortar composite heat-insulating layer recycled concrete block, L type band light heat-insulation mortar composite heat-insulating layer recycled concrete block, T type band light heat-insulation mortar composite heat-insulating layer recycled concrete block and cross band light heat-insulation mortar composite heat-insulating layer recycled concrete block, described yi word pattern band light heat-insulation mortar composite heat-insulating layer recycled concrete block, L type band light heat-insulation mortar composite heat-insulating layer recycled concrete block, T type band light heat-insulation mortar composite heat-insulating layer recycled concrete block and cross band light heat-insulation mortar composite heat-insulating layer recycled concrete block are respectively applied for the different parts of body of wall, yi word pattern band light heat-insulation mortar composite heat-insulating layer recycled concrete block and other recycled concrete block are stung block mutually, to strengthen the connection between the building block, improve integrality of wall.
2. band light heat-insulation mortar composite heat-insulating layer combined masonry of recycled concrete block according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described yi word pattern band light heat-insulation mortar composite heat-insulating layer recycled concrete block is by recycled concrete block wall (1), light heat-insulation mortar composite heat-insulating layer (3) between recycled concrete block rib (2) and recycled concrete block wall (1) and the recycled concrete block rib (2) constitutes, described recycled concrete block wall (1) and recycled concrete block rib (2) surround hollow parts, in described hollow parts, be filled with light heat-insulation mortar, thereby become light heat-insulation mortar composite heat-insulating layer (3); The two ends of described recycled concrete block wall (1) are provided with groove (4) and protruding key (5), can sting block mutually between groove (4) and the protruding key (5), and self-locking becomes whole in allowable ratio of height to sectional thickness of masonry wall or column.
3. band light heat-insulation mortar composite heat-insulating layer combined masonry of recycled concrete block according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described L type band light heat-insulation mortar composite heat-insulating layer recycled concrete block is made of recycled concrete block wall (1) and recycled concrete block rib (2); Described recycled concrete block wall (1) and described recycled concrete block rib (2) surround hollow parts, hollow parts comprises the hollow parts of L type band light heat-insulation mortar composite heat-insulating layer recycled concrete block corner and the light heat-insulation mortar hollow parts of end, the hollow parts of described corner is cast with reinforced concrete structural column (9), or setting and the corresponding bight of wall heat resistance layer compartment be the thermoresistance layers of 45 degree, and terraced form steel tie sheet is set between thermoresistance layer bight and masonry; Be filled with light heat-insulation mortar in the described light heat-insulation mortar hollow parts in end, constitute light heat-insulation mortar composite heat-insulating layer (3); Recycled concrete block wall (1) two ends of described L type band light heat-insulation mortar composite heat-insulating layer concrete block are provided with groove (4), and to sting block with yi word pattern band light heat-insulation mortar composite heat-insulating layer recycled concrete block, it is whole that interlocking becomes.
4. band light heat-insulation mortar composite heat-insulating layer combined masonry of recycled concrete block according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described T type band light heat-insulation mortar composite heat-insulating layer recycled concrete block is by recycled concrete block wall (1), light heat-insulation mortar composite heat-insulating layer (3) between recycled concrete block rib (2) and recycled concrete block wall (1) and the recycled concrete block rib (2) constitutes, described recycled concrete block wall (1) and described recycled concrete block rib (2) surround hollow parts, hollow parts comprises the hollow parts that is positioned at T type recycled concrete block intersection point place and the light heat-insulation mortar hollow parts of end, place, crosspoint hollow parts is built reinforced concrete structural column (9), or setting and the corresponding bight of wall heat resistance layer compartment be the thermoresistance layers of 45 degree, and terraced form steel tie sheet is set between thermoresistance layer bight and masonry; The described light heat-insulation mortar hollow parts in end is filled with light heat-insulation mortar, constitutes light heat-insulation mortar composite heat-insulating layer (3); The end of the recycled concrete block wall (1) of described T type band light heat-insulation mortar composite heat-insulating layer recycled concrete block is provided with groove (4), and to sting block mutually with yi word pattern band light heat-insulation mortar composite heat-insulating layer recycled concrete block, it is whole that interlocking becomes.
5. band light heat-insulation mortar composite heat-insulating layer combined masonry of recycled concrete block according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described cross band light heat-insulation mortar composite heat-insulating layer recycled concrete block is by recycled concrete block wall (1), light heat-insulation mortar composite heat-insulating layer (3) between recycled concrete block rib (2) and recycled concrete block wall (1) and the recycled concrete block rib (2) constitutes, described recycled concrete block wall (1) and described recycled concrete block rib (2) surround hollow parts, hollow parts comprises the hollow parts that is positioned at intersection point place, cross concrete block center and the light heat-insulation mortar hollow parts of end all around, the hollow parts at place, crosspoint is provided with reinforced concrete structural column (9), or setting and the corresponding bight of wall heat resistance layer compartment be the thermoresistance layers of 45 degree, and terraced form steel tie sheet is set between thermoresistance layer bight and masonry; The described light heat-insulation mortar hollow parts in end is filled with light heat-insulation mortar, constitutes light heat-insulation mortar composite heat-insulating layer (3); The end of the recycled concrete block wall (1) of described cross band light heat-insulation mortar composite heat-insulating layer recycled concrete block is provided with groove (4), and is engaged with yi word pattern band light heat-insulation mortar composite heat-insulating layer recycled concrete block, and it is whole that interlocking becomes.
6. according to the described band light heat-insulation mortar of arbitrary claim composite heat-insulating layer combined masonry of recycled concrete block among the claim 2-5, it is characterized in that: between described reinforced concrete structural column (9) and recycled concrete block steel tie is set, the diameter of steel tie is more than or equal to 6mm, the length that stretches into recycled concrete block is more than or equal to 600mm, along the spacing of the short transverse steel tie height smaller or equal to 3 layers of building block.
7. according to the described band light heat-insulation mortar of arbitrary claim composite heat-insulating layer combined masonry of recycled concrete block among the claim 2-5, it is characterized in that: described terraced form steel tie sheet comprises vertical muscle and the disconnected reinforcing bar of terraced lattice, the disconnected reinforcing bar of vertical muscle and terraced lattice is on same plane, weld between the two equal diameters and the two, the two bar diameter is more than or equal to 6mm, the length that ladder form steel tie sheet stretches into masonry is more than or equal to 600mm, along the spacing of the short transverse ladder form steel tie sheet height smaller or equal to 3 layers of building block.
8. according to the described band light heat-insulation mortar of arbitrary claim composite heat-insulating layer combined masonry of recycled concrete block among the claim 2-5, it is characterized in that: described recycled concrete block is to be mixed with regeneration aggregate in the concrete aggregate, regeneration aggregate is regenerated coarse aggregate or recycled fine aggregate or is regenerated coarse aggregate and recycled fine aggregate simultaneously, when the regeneration aggregate ratio that is mixed with is 100%, be full recycled concrete block, when being mixed with regeneration aggregate when being 0%, be the ordinary concrete building block.
9. according to the described band light heat-insulation mortar of arbitrary claim composite heat-insulating layer combined masonry of recycled concrete block among the claim 2-5, it is characterized in that: described light heat-insulation mortar is composited by glass bead, granular polystyrene light material and cementitious material.
10. the preparation method of band light heat-insulation mortar composite heat-insulating layer combined masonry of recycled concrete block according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: production order is as follows:
Step 1: make yi word pattern, L type, T type, cross band light heat-insulation mortar composite heat-insulating layer recycled concrete block respectively;
Step 2: with the described yi word pattern of step 1, L type, T type, cross band light heat-insulation mortar composite heat-insulating layer recycled concrete block, carry out building by laying bricks or stones of combined masonry, wherein L type, T type, cross band light heat-insulation mortar composite heat-insulating layer recycled concrete block are used for the corner, and and yi word pattern band light heat-insulation mortar composite heat-insulating layer recycled concrete block between mutually interlock.
Step 3: build all types of band light heat-insulation mortar composite heat-insulating layer recycled concrete blocks layer by layer by laying bricks or stones to the floor height place, the casting reinforced concrete collar tie beam finally forms band light heat-insulation mortar composite heat-insulating layer combined masonry of recycled concrete block then.
11. the preparation method of band light heat-insulation mortar composite heat-insulating layer combined masonry of recycled concrete block according to claim 10 is characterized in that: the way in the bight of the L type in the step 2, T type, cross band light heat-insulation mortar composite heat-insulating layer recycled concrete block is as follows:
Configuration reinforcement concrete constructional column reinforcing bar and steel tie, and cast constructional column concrete, L type, bight cross, the building block of T type are provided with the hollow parts of square-section, to be used to pour into reinforced concrete structural column (9), steel tie (10) is set between reinforced concrete structural column (9) and masonry, the diameter of steel tie (10) is more than or equal to 6mm, and the length that stretches into masonry is more than or equal to 600mm, along the spacing of short transverse steel tie (10) height smaller or equal to 3 layers of building block.
12. the preparation method of band light heat-insulation mortar composite heat-insulating layer combined masonry of recycled concrete block according to claim 10 is characterized in that: the way in the bight of the L type in the step 2, T type, cross band light heat-insulation mortar composite heat-insulating layer recycled concrete block is as follows:
L type, bight cross, the building block of T type are provided with the thermoresistance layer that is 45 degree with the corresponding bight of wall heat resistance layer compartment, terraced form steel tie sheet is set between bight and masonry, the vertical muscle (11) of ladder form steel tie sheet and the disconnected reinforcing bar (12) of terraced lattice are on same plane, weld between the two equal diameters and the two, the two bar diameter is more than or equal to 6mm, the length that ladder form steel tie sheet stretches into masonry is more than or equal to 600mm, along the spacing of the short transverse ladder form steel tie sheet height smaller or equal to 3 layers of building block.
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CN103924708B (en) * 2014-04-11 2017-06-06 北京工业大学 A kind of Z-shaped regeneration concrete brick blockwork of built-in steel core concrete column and the practice
CN103967193A (en) * 2014-04-12 2014-08-06 北京工业大学 Cross-shaped insulation bearing building block formed by filling light ecological material between high-performance cement mortar boards
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CN104695590A (en) * 2015-03-24 2015-06-10 济南轨道交通集团有限公司 Self-thermal-insulation combined sandwich infilled wall with concrete columns and ring beams wrapped inside and construction method of self-thermal-insulation combined sandwich infilled wall
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