A kind of manufacture method of throwing glazed brick and products thereof
The present invention relates to ceramic tile and manufacture field, especially relate to a kind of manufacture method of throwing glazed brick and products thereof.
Throw glazed brick and be also the full glazed brick of throwing, it is emerging in recent years a kind of architectural pottery product, it has gathered the advantage of polished tile, Antique Imitation Tiles, ceramics three kinds of products, product has discharged the implicit property of ornamental brick cloudy colour half-light completely, solve and partly thrown brick and easily hide dirty defect, possesses glossiness, the porcelain hardness of polished tile, the high imitation really of glaze that also has Antique Imitation Tiles simultaneously, and the abundant printing effect of ceramics glaze.Existing throwing glazed brick is, after executing 0.5～1.5mm transparent layer after printed decoration layer fire in adobe on ornament layer, to form through elastic module rubbing down.Because transparent layer is very thin, and use elastic module, glazed layer is contacted incomplete with Modular surface, produce brick ground roll shape wave, in the time that overall paving is used, can affect beautiful decoration and associative perception.Meanwhile, because surface transparent glaze layer is thinner, make the ornament layer under transparent layer seem three-dimensional, comparatively stiff not, while especially closely watching, imitative native texture effect is poor.
Patent No. CN200910174289.8 discloses a kind of production method of Fambe glaze-polished brick, comprises the following steps successively: (A) in adobe, cover frit powder, fire, form frit layer; (B) courverte layer firing on the described frit layer having burnt till, while firing, frit layer reacts to obtain nature gradual change pattern with glaze layer generation transmutation.Fire formation frit layer because first covering frit powder in adobe, courverte layer firing on frit layer after firing again, so can produce when glaze layer is fired for the second time, the frit layer that the first layer has baked produces the problem of explosion, thereby can not produce the decorative effect of nature gradual change.
Patent No. CN201310137879.X discloses a kind of super flat full production technique of throwing glazed brick of adding transparent crystallite fine powder, comprise the following steps: make base substrate, dedusting, water spray, pouring ground-coat enamel, stamp, seal protection glaze, burnt brick body, polishing, waxing, pack, obtain finished product, wherein, after described seal protection glaze step and before burning till step, brick body is added to transparent crystallite fine powder; Described transparent crystallite fine powder is printed onto on brick surface with pulverous form, forms transparent crystallite fine-powder bed in brick surface; Or described transparent crystallite fine powder mixes with starchy form and is added on brick surface with glue.Just be that with the key distinction of throwing brilliant brick surperficial transparent layer is by firing and form after micro-crystal powder cloth because throwing glazed brick, or by firing and form after the printing of transparent layer, as adopt transparent crystallite fine powder to be printed onto on brick surface with pulverous form, be referred to as to throw brilliant brick, not entirely to throw glazed brick, as transparent crystallite fine powder is mixed with glue with starchy form and is added on brick surface, although can be undertaken by the form of drenching glaze, but crystallite fine powder can not be dissolved in water completely, or be present in adobe surface with particulate state, thereby be equal to the brilliant brick of throwing.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to propose a kind of manufacture method of throwing glazed brick, it can solve the problem of throwing glazed brick surface-duided wave shape wave, and does not need to use special male and female mold, can produce three-dimensional pattern effect.
For reaching this object, the present invention by the following technical solutions: a kind of manufacture method of throwing glazed brick, step comprises successively:
A, feed proportioning ball milling is carried out to press forming after mist projection granulating, drench again ground-coat enamel after dry to form adobe;
B, in described adobe stamp and dry after, drench transparent;
C, again stamp and dry after, then drench layer of transparent glaze, then dry;
D, spoon layer of transparent glaze again, then dry;
After E, kiln-firing, use non-resilient module to carry out after rubbing down, packaging warehouse-in.
The pouring glaze amount of the described pouring ground-coat enamel in described steps A is 300-480g/m
Described stamp in described step B or C comprises one or more combinations in screen printing, roller printing or spray ink Printing stamp;
The pouring glaze amount of the described pouring transparent in described step B is 750-950g/m
The pouring glaze amount of the described pouring transparent in described step C is 600-950g/m
The pouring glaze amount of the described pouring transparent in described step D is 600-950g/m
Compared with prior art, the present invention, owing to adopting twice stamp, has layer of transparent glaze layer in twice printed layer, thereby the decorative effect of the two-layer stamp that can superpose, and decorative effect is more natural; Upper layer transparent of the present invention forms through twice pouring glaze, and drench in glaze process for twice and have drying step, thereby transparent layer can complete drying, in sintering procedure, can there is not slight crack, the surface finish that can ensure to throw glazed brick after firing after non-resilient module rubbing down, can not produce waviness; The throwing glazed brick of producing due to the inventive method has two-layer transparent layer and two-layer printed layer simultaneously, and under the irradiation of light, light is through twice transmission and refraction, make third dimension of patterns strong, enhance each other's beauty, natural atmosphere, can be good at realizing the decorative effect of natural-like stone.
Another object of the present invention is to propose a kind of throwing glazed brick of being manufactured by aforesaid method, and it from bottom to top comprises end base layer, A printed layer, A transparent layer, B printed layer and B transparent layer successively.
Base layer thickness of the described end is 6-9mm, and described A printed layer and described B printed layer thickness are for being less than or equal to 0.1mm, and described A transparent layer and B transparent layer thickness are 0.3-0.7mm.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structure iron of one of them embodiment of throwing glazed brick of the present invention.
Wherein: end base layer 1, A printed layer 2, A transparent layer 3, B printed layer 4, B transparent layer 5,
Further illustrate technical scheme of the present invention below by embodiment.
As shown in Figure 1, the one of the present embodiment is thrown glazed brick, it from bottom to top comprises end base layer 1, A printed layer 2, A transparent layer 3, B printed layer 4, B transparent layer 5 successively, wherein base layer 1 thickness is 8.5mm at the end, A printed layer thickness is 0.05mm, A transparent layer thickness is 0.7mm, and B printed layer thickness is 0.03mm, and B transparent layer thickness is 0.3mm.It has two-layer transparent layer and two-layer printed layer, and under the irradiation of light, light, through twice transmission and refraction, makes third dimension of patterns strong, enhances each other's beauty, and natural atmosphere, can be good at realizing the decorative effect of natural-like stone.
Specification as above is the throwing glaze brick producing process of 1000*1000mm, and step comprises successively:
A, feed proportioning ball milling is carried out to press forming after mist projection granulating, drench again 300 after dry
gground-coat enamel forms end base layer 1;
B, on base layer of the described end 1 by screen printing and dry after form A printed layer 2, drench transparent 950
gform A transparent layer 3;
C, on described A transparent layer 3 by roller printing and dry after form B printed layer 4, then drench layer of transparent glaze 600g, then dry;
D, spoon layer of transparent glaze 600g again, then dry, the transparent of step C and step D forms B transparent layer 5 jointly;
E, will after the described adobe kiln-firing after described step D, use non-resilient module to carry out after rubbing down, packaging warehouse-in.
In the present embodiment, owing to adopting twice stamp, in A printed layer and B printed layer, there is one deck A transparent layer 3, thereby the decorative effect of the two-layer stamp that can superpose, decorative effect is more natural; B transparent layer 5 forms through twice pouring glaze, and drench in glaze process for twice and have drying step, thereby B transparent layer 5 can complete drying, and slight crack can not occur in sintering procedure, the surface finish that can ensure to throw glazed brick after firing after non-resilient module rubbing down, can not produce waviness.In prior art, the construction of the transparent layer of throwing glazed brick surface is adopted to a glazing process, bed thickness is very thin, therefore can only adopt elastic module to polish, the integrity of guarantee glaze layer, but elastic module precision deficiency, makes the planeness deficiency of transparent layer, has waviness.The B transparent layer 5 of the throwing glazed brick outermost surface of the technical program adopts twice glazing to form, and there is drying step centre, and therefore thickness is significantly higher than a glazing, therefore can adopt non-resilient module to polish, thereby can not produce waviness.
Different from embodiment 1, the thickness of the end base layer 1 in the present embodiment is 6mm, and the thickness of B printed layer 4 is 0.08mm, and the described stamp step in described step C is to use the first spray ink Printing stamp mode of roller printing again, and the pouring ground-coat enamel in described steps A is for drenching 480g.
Different from embodiment 1, described stamp step in described step B in the present embodiment is to use the first screen printing mode of roller printing again, base layer thickness of the described end is 9mm, the thickness of described A printed layer 2 is 0.07mm, described A transparent layer 3 thickness are 0.3mm, and the pouring transparent amount in described step B is 750g; Embodiment 4
Different from embodiment 1, the thickness of A printed layer and B printed layer is 0.1mm, and the pouring transparent amount in described step C and described step D in the present embodiment is respectively 850g and 950g, and the thickness of described B transparent layer 5 is 0.5mm.
Different from embodiment 1, the pouring ground-coat enamel amount in the described steps A in the present embodiment is 400g, and base layer thickness of the described end is 8.7mm.
Different from embodiment 4, the pouring transparent amount in the described step D in the present embodiment is respectively 950g and 950g, and the thickness of described B transparent layer is 0.7mm.
Know-why of the present invention has below been described in conjunction with specific embodiments.These are described is in order to explain principle of the present invention, and can not be interpreted as by any way limiting the scope of the invention.Based on explanation herein, those skilled in the art does not need to pay performing creative labour can associate other embodiment of the present invention, within these modes all will fall into protection scope of the present invention.