A kind of manufacture method throwing glazed brick and products thereof
The present invention relates to Ceramic Tiles and manufacture field, especially relate to a kind of manufacture method throwing glazed brick and products thereof.
Throw glazed brick and be also Full-glazed tile, it it is a kind of architectural pottery product emerging in recent years, it has gathered the advantage of polished bricks, Antique Imitation Tiles, three kinds of products of ceramics, product releases the implicit property of glazed tile cloudy colour half-light completely, solve half throwing brick and easily hide the defect of dirt, having possessed the glossiness of polished bricks, porcelain hardness, the glaze paint height simultaneously also having Antique Imitation Tiles imitates fruit and the printing effect that ceramics glaze paint is abundant. Existing throwing glazed brick is to execute after 0.5～1.5mm clear frit layer fires in adobe after printed decoration layer on decorative layer, forms through elastic module rubbing down. Owing to clear frit layer is very thin, and use elastic module so that glazed layer contacts with Modular surface incomplete, produces brick face waveform, when overall paving uses, beautiful decoration and associative perception can be affected. Simultaneously as surface clear frit layer is relatively thin so that the decorative layer under clear frit layer seems three-dimensional not, comparatively stiff, and especially closely during viewing, imitative native texture effect is poor.
Patent No. CN200910174289.8 discloses the production method of a kind of Fambe glaze-polished brick, comprises the following steps successively: (A) covers frit powder in adobe, fires, and forms frit layer; (B) courverte layer firing on the described frit layer burnt till, when firing, frit layer reacts to obtain nature gradient pattern with glaze layer generation transmutation. Formation frit layer is fired because adobe is initially coated with frit powder, courverte layer firing on frit layer after firing again, so second time glaze layer can be produced when firing, the frit layer that ground floor has baked produces the problem of explosion, because of the decorative effect without producing nature gradual change.
Patent No. CN201310137879.X discloses the production technology of a kind of super flat Full-glazed tile adding transparent microcrystal fine powder, comprise the following steps: make base substrate, dedusting, water spray, pouring ground-coat enamel, stamp, print protection glaze, burn till brick body, polishing, waxing, pack, obtain finished product, wherein, after described print protection glaze step and brick body is added before burning till step transparent microcrystal fine powder; Described transparent microcrystal fine powder is printed onto on brick body surface with pulverous form, forms transparent microcrystal fine-powder bed on brick body surface; Or described transparent microcrystal fine powder mixes with glue and is added on brick body surface with starchy form. The main distinction because throwing glazed brick and Polished crystal tile is that the clear frit layer on surface is to form by firing after micro-crystal powder cloth, or formed by firing after clear frit layer printing, as adopted transparent microcrystal fine powder to be printed onto on brick body surface with pulverous form, then it is referred to as Polished crystal tile, it it not Full-glazed tile, it is added on brick body surface as transparent microcrystal fine powder is mixed with glue with starchy form, although can be undertaken by the form of pouring glaze, but crystallite fine powder can not be dissolved completely in water, or it is present in adobe surface with graininess, thus is equal to Polished crystal tile.
Summary of the invention
It is an object of the invention to propose a kind of manufacture method throwing glazed brick, it can solve the problem that the problem throwing glazed brick surface wave shape wave, and need not use special male and female mold, it is possible to produces three-dimensional pattern effect.
For reaching this purpose, the present invention by the following technical solutions: a kind of manufacture method throwing glazed brick, step includes successively:
A, feed proportioning ball milling is carried out mist projection granulating after compressing, drench again after drying ground-coat enamel formed adobe;
B, in described adobe stamp dried, drench clear frit;
C, again stamp are also dried, then drench layer of transparent glaze, then dry;
D, spoon layer of transparent glaze again, then dry;
After using non-resilient module to carry out rubbing down after E, kiln-firing, packaging warehouse-in.
The pouring glaze amount of the described pouring ground-coat enamel in described step A is 300-480g/m2;
Described stamp in described step B or C includes one or more combinations in screen printing, roller printing or inkjet printing stamp;
The pouring glaze amount of the described pouring clear frit in described step B is 750-950g/m2;
The pouring glaze amount of the described pouring clear frit in described step C is 600-950g/m2;
The pouring glaze amount of the described pouring clear frit in described step D is 600-950g/m2。
Compared with prior art, due to the fact that twice stamp of employing, twice printed layer have layer of transparent glaze layer, thus can the decorative effect of superposition two-layer stamp, decorative effect is more natural; The surface layer clear frit of the present invention drenches glaze through twice and forms, and drench in glaze process for twice and have drying steps, thus clear frit layer can be completely dried, sintering procedure will not occur slight crack, after non-resilient module rubbing down, ensure that the surface smoothness throwing glazed brick after firing, waveform will not be produced; Simultaneously because the throwing glazed brick that the inventive method produces has two-layer clear frit layer and two-layer printed layer, under the irradiation of light, light is through twice transmission and refraction, make third dimension of patterns strong, enhance each other's beauty, natural atmosphere, it is possible to well realize the decorative effect of natural-like stone.
Further object is that a kind of throwing glazed brick manufactured by said method of proposition, it from bottom to top includes end base layer, A printed layer, A clear frit layer, B printed layer and B clear frit layer successively.
Base layer thickness of the described end is 6-9mm, and described A printed layer and described B printed layer thickness are less than or equal to 0.1mm, and described A clear frit layer and B clear frit layer thickness are 0.3-0.7mm.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structure chart of one of them embodiment throwing glazed brick of the present invention.
Wherein: end base layer 1, A printed layer 2, A clear frit layer 3, B printed layer 4, B clear frit layer 5,
Detailed description of the invention
Technical scheme is further illustrated below by detailed description of the invention.
As shown in Figure 1, the one of the present embodiment throws glazed brick, it from bottom to top includes end base layer 1, A printed layer 2, A clear frit layer 3, B printed layer 4, B clear frit layer 5 successively, wherein end base layer 1 thickness is 8.5mm, A printed layer thickness is 0.05mm, A clear frit layer thickness is 0.7mm, B printed layer thickness be 0.03mm, B clear frit layer thickness is 0.3mm. It has two-layer clear frit layer and two-layer printed layer, and under the irradiation of light, light is through twice transmission and refraction so that third dimension of patterns is strong, enhances each other's beauty, natural atmosphere, it is possible to well realize the decorative effect of natural-like stone.
Specification as above is the throwing glaze brick producing process of 1000*1000mm, and step includes successively:
A, feed proportioning ball milling is carried out mist projection granulating after compressing, drench 300 more after dryinggGround-coat enamel forms end base layer 1;
B, on base layer of the described end 1 by screen printing and after drying formed A printed layer 2, pouring clear frit 950gForm A clear frit layer 3;
C, on described A clear frit layer 3 by roller printing formation B printed layer 4 after drying, then drench layer of transparent glaze 600g, then dry;
D, spooning layer of transparent glaze 600g again, then dry, the clear frit of step C and step D is collectively forming B clear frit layer 5;
E, by after using non-resilient module to carry out rubbing down after the described adobe kiln-firing after described step D, packaging warehouse-in.
Owing to adopting twice stamp in the present embodiment, A printed layer and B printed layer have one layer of A clear frit layer 3, thus can the decorative effect of superposition two-layer stamp, decorative effect is more natural; B clear frit layer 5 drenches glaze through twice and forms, and drench in glaze process for twice and have drying steps, thus B clear frit layer 5 can be completely dried, and slight crack will not occur in sintering procedure, after non-resilient module rubbing down, ensure that the surface smoothness throwing glazed brick after firing, waveform will not be produced. In prior art, the construction of the clear frit layer throwing glazed brick surface being adopted a glazing process, thickness is very thin, and elastic module therefore can only be adopted to polish, the integrity of guarantee glaze layer, but elastic module precision is not enough, the flatness making clear frit layer is not enough, has waveform. The B clear frit layer 5 throwing glazed brick outermost surface of the technical program adopts twice glazing to form, and there is drying steps centre, and therefore thickness is significantly higher than a glazing, and non-resilient module therefore can be adopted to polish, from without producing waveform.
Different from embodiment 1, the thickness that thickness is 6mm, B printed layer 4 of the end base layer 1 in the present embodiment is 0.08mm, and the described patterning step in described step C is the mode using first inkjet printing stamp roller printing again, and the pouring ground-coat enamel in described step A is for drenching 480g.
Different from embodiment 1, the described patterning step in described step B in the present embodiment is the mode using first screen printing roller printing again, base layer thickness of the described end is 9mm, the thickness of described A printed layer 2 is 0.07mm, described A clear frit layer 3 thickness is 0.3mm, and the pouring clear frit amount in described step B is 750g;Embodiment 4
Different from embodiment 1, the thickness of A printed layer and B printed layer is 0.1mm, and pouring clear frit amount respectively 850g and 950g in the described step C in the present embodiment and described step D, the thickness of described B clear frit layer 5 is 0.5mm.
Different from embodiment 1, the pouring ground-coat enamel amount in the described step A in the present embodiment is 400g, and base layer thickness of the described end is 8.7mm.
Different from embodiment 4, in the described step D in the present embodiment pouring clear frit amount respectively 950g and 950g, the thickness of described B clear frit layer is 0.7mm.
The know-why of the present invention is described above in association with specific embodiment. These descriptions are intended merely to explanation principles of the invention, and can not be construed to limiting the scope of the invention by any way. Based on explanation herein, those skilled in the art need not pay performing creative labour can associate other detailed description of the invention of the present invention, and these modes fall within protection scope of the present invention.