CN103755445B - A kind of watermelon plug seedling substrate and application thereof - Google Patents

A kind of watermelon plug seedling substrate and application thereof Download PDF

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CN103755445B
CN103755445B CN201310709264.XA CN201310709264A CN103755445B CN 103755445 B CN103755445 B CN 103755445B CN 201310709264 A CN201310709264 A CN 201310709264A CN 103755445 B CN103755445 B CN 103755445B
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watermelon
substrate
natural pond
pond slag
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CN103755445A (en
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蔡忠
蔡培元
朱忠贵
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Jiangsu Xingnong Matrix Technology Co. Ltd.
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ZHENJIANG XINGNONG ORGANIC FERTILIZER Co Ltd
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Abstract

The present invention discloses a kind of watermelon plug seedling substrate and application thereof, and matrix comprises vermiculite, perlite, it is characterized in that: the alcohol natural pond slag also comprising coconut shell flour base-material, cripple, carbonization rice husk in this matrix components and process by fermentation; Wherein the volume ratio of coconut shell flour base-material, alcohol natural pond slag, carbonization rice husk, cripple, perlite, vermiculite is 15-30: 15-30: 15-25: 0.5-2: 5-10: 15-25; This water content of substrate 35-50%, total porosity 65-95%, organic content>=20%, total nutrient content 3-5%, particle diameter 0.1-4.9mm, unit weight 0.2-0.8g/cm 3, gas-water ratio is 1: 2-4, EC value≤2.5mS/cm, and pH value is 5.8-7.5.Apply the watermelon seedling well developed root system of this matrix cultivation, the healthy and strong anosis worm of blade, meet standard in strong sprout.The present invention mainly utilizes organic waste as raw material, through thermophilic fermentation process, produces watermelon plug seedling substrate, turns waste into wealth, turn harm into good.And cost is low, quality is light, and nutrient is complete, and being well suited for growing of watermelon seedlings, is the good matrix of watermelon industrial hole plate seedling growth.

Description

A kind of watermelon plug seedling substrate and application thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of soilless culture seedling medium, particularly relate to a kind of watermelon plug seedling substrate and application thereof, belong to agriculture cultivation technique without soil field.
Background technology
Soilless culture, refers to and carries out the method for cultivating with matrix or nutrition liquid irrigation, the high yield and high quality modern technique of the fertile saving of labor again that is mainly used in the arviculture such as vegetables, gardening, is a water-saving, economizes without natural soil.
Watermelon taste sweet juice is many, nutritious, clearly quench one's thirst, be relieve summer heat summer quench one's thirst, pure safe fruit.In cultivating watermelon, nursery is important step, and the watermelon seedling cultivating high-quality is the basis of yield production of water melon.Traditional watermelon seedling culturing is all adopt Nutrition Soil making bowl and growing, and along with seeding raising technology and the development of equipment, matrix hole plate seedling growth replaces feeding block seedlings raising just gradually, and many places have achieved the industrial seedling rearing of vegetables and garden crop.Seedling medium is the indispensable raw material of industrial seedling rearing, and it is the dedicated substrate needing preparation according to seedling development.At present, domestic and international application the most widely seedling medium is for main raw material with peat, rock wool, vermiculite, perlite, mushroom slag, wood sawdust, reed, fine sand, cinder, straw powder etc., formulated with the mixture of one or several raw materials, in July, 2012, Chinese patent CN102138499 B discloses Nanjing Institute of Vegetable Science and utilizes Chinese medicine slag breeding earthworm, then using wormcast, vermiculite, perlite etc. as the license document of raw material production watermelon seedling culturing substrate; Chinese patent CN101855981A disclosed vegetable or flower institute of the Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences and utilized vegetables residue, the peat composed of rotten mosses, vermiculite to prepare the license document of watermelon seedling culturing substrate and preparation method thereof in October, 2010; Chinese patent CN102432394 B discloses the license document that Zhenjiang Pei Lei matrix company utilizes acid-sludge production seedling substrate for soilless culture for vegetables in July, 2013.
In sum, the garden crop seedling medium such as domestic existing watermelon is mainly using vermiculite, perlite, mud (grass) charcoal and animal excrement etc. as seedling medium raw material.But peat originates in northeast, resource is tight, can not regenerate, and the enterprise in Jiangsu uses peat cost very high; Although animal excrement are nutritious, there is quantity few, collect the deficiencies such as difficulty, be difficult to the needs meeting industrial seedling rearing.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is for the deficiencies in the prior art, provide a kind of with coconut shell flour base-material and the alcohol natural pond slag that processes by fermentation for main raw material, add the raw material such as cripple, carbonization rice husk, produce the technical scheme of watermelon plug seedling substrate.
Another object of the present invention is to provide the application of a kind of watermelon plug seedling substrate at watermelon hole plate seedling growth.
Technical scheme of the present invention is achieved in the following ways:
A kind of watermelon plug seedling substrate, comprises vermiculite, perlite, it is characterized in that: the alcohol natural pond slag also comprising coconut shell flour base-material, cripple or river embankment mud, carbonization rice husk or plant ash in this matrix components and process by fermentation; Wherein the volume ratio of coconut shell flour base-material, alcohol natural pond slag, carbonization rice husk or plant ash, cripple or river embankment mud, perlite, vermiculite is: 15-30:15-30:15-25:0.5-2:5-10:15-25; This water content of substrate 35-50%, total porosity 65-95%, organic content>=20%, total nutrient content 3-5%, particle diameter 0.1-4.9mm, unit weight 0.2-0.8g/cm 3, gas-water ratio is 1:2-4, EC value≤2.5mS/cm, pH is 5.8-7.5.
Described fermentative processing is in sunlight board awning, and adopt bar buttress formula or wheeled fermentation process, carry out decomposition reactor system process to alcohol natural pond slag, the composting time is 15-60 days, and once, turning in 4-5 days winter once in turning in 1-2 days summer.
Described coconut shell flour base-material be domestic or import coconut palm brick add water carry out expansion process after the material that formed, the coefficient of expansion is 4-6, water content 40-50%, particle diameter 1-6mm.
Described cripple is the material of methane-generating pit bottom settlings thing after drying grinding and processing, granularity 1-3mm; Described river embankment mud is the material of river embankment bottom sludge after drying grinding and processing, granularity 1-3mm; Described carbonization rice husk is the ashes that rice husk stays after burning carbonization.
Described alcohol natural pond slag is the tankage after cassava materials extracts alcohol, then produces through anaerobically fermenting the residue formed after biogas.
Described total nutrient is N+P 2o 5+ K 2o.
In this substrate formula, the volume ratio of coconut shell flour base-material, alcohol natural pond slag, carbonization rice husk or plant ash, cripple or river embankment mud, perlite, vermiculite is: 30:25:15:1:5:24.
The volume ratio of this matrix optimization formula is: coconut shell flour base-material: alcohol natural pond slag: carbonization rice husk or plant ash: cripple or river embankment mud: perlite: vermiculite=25:30:15:1:5:24.
The volume ratio of this another screening formulation of matrix is: coconut shell flour base-material: alcohol natural pond slag: cripple or river embankment mud: carbonization rice husk or plant ash: perlite: vermiculite=26:26:2:16:5:25.
The physicochemical character of this matrix optimization is: water content 45%, total porosity 70%, organic content 21.5%, N+P2O5+K2O total nutrient content 4.8%, particle diameter 2.5mm, unit weight 0.5g/cm3, and gas-water ratio is 1:3, EC value be 1.8mS/cm, pH is 6.8.
This matrix alcohol natural pond slag fermentative processing preferred fermentation reactor system time is 30 days.
Above-mentioned watermelon plug seedling substrate is in the application of watermelon hole plate seedling growth.
beneficial effect of the present invention:
1, coconut shell flour, alcohol natural pond slag are all organic wastes, and quantity is many, and purposes is few, with the raw material resources that its alternative peat etc. is non-renewable, for the production of watermelon plug seedling substrate, can reduce environmental pollution, turn waste into wealth, turn harm into good.
2, the present invention by coarse size any coconut shell flour and the alcohol natural pond slag mix and match of fine size, make the existing retentiveness of matrix have ventilation property again, change the deficiency of acid-sludge matrix retentiveness difference.Meanwhile, the higher carbonization rice husk of alkalescence is used to be auxiliary material, not only can the potential of hydrogen of buffer matrix, and its potassium content is higher, also has abundant trace element, is well suited for growing of vegetable seedling.
3, the seedling medium of the present invention's production, quality is light, and nutrient is complete, and cost is low, easy to use, can be widely used in watermelon hole plate seedling growth.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with specific embodiment, illustrate the present invention further, this embodiment should be understood only be not used in for illustration of the present invention and limit the scope of the invention, after having read the present invention, the amendment of those skilled in the art to the various equivalent form of value of the present invention has all fallen within the application's claims limited range.
embodiment 1:
A kind of watermelon plug seedling substrate, raw material is vermiculite, perlite, cripple, carbonization rice husk and the organic waste such as the alcohol natural pond slag processed by fermentation and coconut shell flour base-material; Wherein coconut shell flour base-material be domestic coconut palm brick add water carry out expansion process after the material that formed, the coefficient of expansion is 4, water content 40%, particle diameter 1-6mm; Cripple is the material of methane-generating pit bottom settlings thing after drying grinding and processing, granularity 1-3mm; Carbonization rice husk is the ashes that rice husk stays after burning carbonization; Alcohol natural pond slag is the tankage after cassava materials extracts alcohol, then produces through anaerobically fermenting the residue formed after biogas.
This substrate formula component is by volume: coconut shell flour base-material 30 parts, alcohol natural pond slag 15 parts, carbonization rice husk 25 parts, cripple 1 part, perlite 5 parts, vermiculite 24 parts; This water content of substrate 35%, total porosity 65%, organic content 20%, N+P 2o 5+ K 2o total nutrient content 3%, particle diameter 0.1mm, unit weight 0.2g/cm 3, gas-water ratio is 1:2, EC value 2.5mS/cm, pH is 5.8.
Alcohol natural pond slag fermentative processing be summer in sunlight board awning, adopt bar buttress formula fermentation process, carry out decomposition reactor system process to alcohol natural pond slag, the composting time is 15 days, every turning in 1-2 days once.
embodiment 2:
A kind of watermelon plug seedling substrate, raw material is vermiculite, perlite, cripple, carbonization rice husk and the organic waste such as the alcohol natural pond slag processed by fermentation and coconut shell flour base-material; Wherein coconut shell flour base-material be domestic coconut palm brick add water carry out expansion process after the material that formed, the coefficient of expansion is 6, water content 50%, particle diameter 1-6mm; Cripple is the material of methane-generating pit bottom settlings thing after drying grinding and processing, granularity 1-3mm; Carbonization rice husk is the ashes that rice husk stays after burning carbonization; Alcohol natural pond slag is the tankage after cassava materials extracts alcohol, then produces through anaerobically fermenting the residue formed after biogas.
This substrate formula component is by volume: coconut shell flour base-material 15 parts, alcohol natural pond slag 30 parts, plant ash 15 parts, cripple 2 parts, perlite 5 parts, vermiculite 24 parts; This water content of substrate 50%, total porosity 95%, organic content 22%, N+P 2o 5+ K 2o total nutrient content 5%, particle diameter 4.9mm, unit weight 0.8g/cm 3, gas-water ratio is 1:4, EC value 2.0mS/cm, pH is 7.5.
Alcohol natural pond slag fermentative processing be winter in sunlight board awning, adopt wheeled fermentation process, carry out decomposition reactor system process to alcohol natural pond slag, the composting time is 60 days, every turning in 4-5 days once.
embodiment 3:
A kind of watermelon plug seedling substrate, raw material is vermiculite, perlite, cripple, carbonization rice husk and the organic waste such as the alcohol natural pond slag processed by fermentation and coconut shell flour base-material; In raw material coconut shell flour base-material be import coconut palm brick add water carry out expansion process after the material that formed, the coefficient of expansion is 5.5, water content 45%, particle diameter 1-6mm; Cripple is the material of methane-generating pit bottom settlings thing after drying grinding and processing, granularity 1-3mm; Carbonization rice husk is the ashes that rice husk stays after burning carbonization; Alcohol natural pond slag is the tankage after cassava materials extracts alcohol, then produces through anaerobically fermenting the residue formed after biogas; Alcohol natural pond slag fermentative processing is with embodiment 1, and the alcohol natural pond slag fermentative processing composting time is 30 days.
This substrate formula component is by volume: coconut shell flour base-material 25 parts, alcohol natural pond slag 30 parts, carbonization rice husk 15 parts, cripple 0.5 part, perlite 10 parts, vermiculite 24 parts.
This matrix physicochemical character is: water content 45%, total porosity 70%, organic content 21.5%, N+P2O5+K2O total nutrient content 4.8%, particle diameter 2.5mm, unit weight 0.5g/cm3, and gas-water ratio is 1:3, EC value be 1.8mS/cm, pH is 6.8.
embodiment 4:
A kind of watermelon plug seedling substrate, raw material is vermiculite, perlite, cripple, carbonization rice husk and the organic waste such as the alcohol natural pond slag processed by fermentation and coconut shell flour base-material; In raw material coconut shell flour base-material be import coconut palm brick add water carry out expansion process after the material that formed, the coefficient of expansion is 5.5, water content 45%, particle diameter 1-6mm; Cripple is the material of methane-generating pit bottom settlings thing after drying grinding and processing, granularity 1-3mm; Carbonization rice husk is the ashes that rice husk stays after burning carbonization; Alcohol natural pond slag is the tankage after cassava materials extracts alcohol, then produces through anaerobically fermenting the residue formed after biogas.
Alcohol natural pond slag fermentative processing be summer in sunlight board awning, adopt bar buttress formula fermentation process, carry out decomposition reactor system process to alcohol natural pond slag, the composting time is 30 days, every turning in 1-2 days once.
This substrate formula component is by volume: coconut shell flour base-material 30 parts, alcohol natural pond slag 25 parts, carbonization rice husk 15 parts, cripple 1 part, perlite 10 parts, vermiculite 15 parts.
This matrix physicochemical character is identical with embodiment 3.
embodiment 5:
A kind of watermelon plug seedling substrate, raw material is vermiculite, perlite, cripple, carbonization rice husk and the organic waste such as the alcohol natural pond slag processed by fermentation and coconut shell flour base-material; In raw material coconut shell flour base-material be import coconut palm brick add water carry out expansion process after the material that formed, the coefficient of expansion is 5.5, water content 45%, particle diameter 1-6mm; Cripple is the material of methane-generating pit bottom settlings thing after drying grinding and processing, granularity 1-3mm; Carbonization rice husk is the ashes that rice husk stays after burning carbonization; Alcohol natural pond slag is the tankage after cassava materials extracts alcohol, then produces through anaerobically fermenting the residue formed after biogas; Alcohol natural pond slag fermentative processing is with embodiment 1, and the alcohol natural pond slag fermentative processing composting time is 30 days.
This substrate formula component is by volume: coconut shell flour base-material 26 parts, alcohol natural pond slag 26 parts, carbonization rice husk 16 parts, cripple 2 parts, perlite 5 parts, vermiculite 25 parts.
This matrix physicochemical character is: water content 45%, total porosity 70%, organic content 21.5%, N+P2O5+K2O total nutrient content 4.8%, particle diameter 2.5mm, unit weight 0.5g/cm3, and gas-water ratio is 1:3, EC value be 1.8mS/cm, pH is 6.8.
The application of watermelon plug seedling substrate in watermelon hole plate seedling growth.
Zhenjiang, Jiangsu Xing Nong fertilizer company limited cooperates with Jingkou District, Zhengjiang City Vegetable Research Institute scientific research personnel, the watermelon plug seedling substrate of innovation and supporting watermelon hole plate seedling growth standardisation technique, apply on Zhenjiang, Jiangsu, Yangzhou and Shandong and other places, Jingkou District adds up popularizing area and reaches 10,000 mu.Compared with the nursery of conventional nutrient alms bowl, the watermelon plug seedling substrate nursery seedling rate adopting embodiment to prepare is high, and Miao Qimiao strengthens; Economize kind of an abridged edition, volume increase is efficient; Easy and simple to handle, be easy to promote; Watermelon seedling well developed root system, blade are healthy and strong, are convenient to transport, can realize concentrating for seedling.Watermelon plug seedling substrate prepared by embodiment and effect as follows:
1, variety of watermelon: No. 1, Soviet Union's honey.
2, material prepares: watermelon hole plate seedling growth generally adopts 48-54 hole to coil, cave dish specification 54cm × 28cm × 5.5cm; The watermelon hole plate seedling growth dedicated substrate that seedling medium selects Zhenjiang Xing Nong fertilizer company limited to produce.Every bag as substrate 50L, can fill cave dish 10 ~ 12 dish.1000 strain watermelon seedlings need about matrix 90L.
3, seedbed prepares: hole plate seedling growth seedbed will select that physical features is higher, leeward on the sunny side, irrigation and drainage are easily in booth.Carry and carry out nursery furrow or seedling culture frame the last week, furrow are wide has stayed bed base (slightly higher than ground) according to seedling growth greenhouse specification in seedling growth greenhouse central authorities, the wide 1.8 ~ 2.4m of general furrow, paving one deck mulch film after the leveling of furrow face.Heating wire can use routinely.1000 strain watermelon seedlings need seedbed area 3 ~ 4 ㎡.
4, presoaking and germinating: select fine day to be shone 1 ~ 2 day by seed before sowing.Seed disinfection can be scalded with the warm water of 55 ~ 60 DEG C and be planted about 15 minutes, scald when planting and will constantly stir, clean the mucus on seed coat with clear water after water temperature reduces naturally, put into clear water seed soaking 8 ~ 12 hours again, after seed soaking, seed is wrapped with wet cloth and be placed on vernalization under 30 DEG C of conditions, sowing during long 0.5 centimetre of bud.
5, sow: the 1. sowing time: the hole plate seedling growth sowing time can be more late than feeding block seedlings raising about 5 days.The cultivation ahead of time of Zhenjiang areas booth, can sow at the beginning of by the end of January by 2 months, can sowing in mid or late Febuary of middle canopy cultivation.2. medium in tray: first matrix is sprayed little water before sabot and mix thoroughly, regulates water content of substrate to 50% ~ 60%, and makes its bulk rear loading cave dish, scrapes off matrix unnecessary in card.3. water vola water and evenly water vola water, matrix is sunk naturally.Water and will keep flowing out cave dish under water and be advisable.4. the centre at cave dish will be beaten in punching hole, and the degree of depth is advisable with 1 centimetre.5. pendulum kind is chosen the long basically identical watermelon seed of bud and is kept flat the center of coiling aperture into cave, one, a cave, then builds floating by matrix, is fitly emitted on seedbed.Depth of planting is advisable with 1 ~ 1.3 centimetre, no more than 1.5 centimetres.Cross and simple and easyly cause seed belt cap; Cross dark, emerge late, melon seedling is of poor quality.Seed sets and covers one deck mulch film in time, in order to heat and moisture preserving.
6,1. seedbed management is thrown off mulch film in time and will be checked the growth of cereal crop seedlings in time in after planting 2 ~ 3 days, and when seed has unearthed about half, throw off mulch film in time, seedling is shown in, and light is afforested, and sees and has cotyledon " band cap " to be unearthed, and artificial " raising one's hat " in time.Take off film and easily form " high pin seedling " late.2. temperature and humidity management: before sowing to neat seedling, canopy temperature controls at 28 ~ 30 DEG C daytime, night hut adds a cover straw screen or mat and with electrothermal temp .-rising, keeps temperature 18 ~ 20 DEG C, heat and emerge.Qi Miaohou occurs to rough leaf, suitably ventilates, and reduce bed temperature, day temperature controls at 22 ~ 25 DEG C, and night can cover straw screen or mat, keeps temperature about 15 DEG C, prevents high pin seedling.After emerging, no power is heated in principle.Fine day ventilates must be timely, notes evening adding a cover coverture insulation.Before field planting, 4 ~ 5 days cooling hardenings, control, at 18 ~ 22 DEG C, to remain on 13 ~ 15 DEG C night daytime.Under the prerequisite ensureing temperature, should try one's best stronger ventilation amount and ventilation time, reduce canopy humidity, waters and should carry out noon by ground fair weather, water rear timely ventilation wet down.3. illumination management: seedling will allow it fully see light after being unearthed in time, as much as possible early will take off late lid whole seedling stage, allow the common light of rice shoot.Continuous rainy weather also will be thrown off straw screen or mat in time and see scattered light by rice shoot during rain stops.4. rich water quality management: after planting keeping matrix moistening is the key that Miao Qimiao is strong.Cave dish will maintenance level as far as possible when putting, and ensures plug media uniform moisture not ponding.Do not emerge yet as overlong time will check in time and keep the skin wet.To water in time according to water content of substrate situation after emerging, water in time when stromal surface is dry rarefaction, meet and overcast and rainyly suitably can reduce irrigation times.After emerging 2 weeks, suitably spray foliage fertilizer, suitably will control moisture simultaneously, promote rice shoot robust growth.
7, the prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control: substrate seedling is at less generation disease and pest in seedling stage, and various places nursery can according to seedling stage diseases and pests a situation arises in time medication control.Watermelon sprout term disease mainly contains samping off, damping-off, anthrax etc., and insect pest mainly contains aphid; Sprout term disease can oppose 800 times of liquid with seedling bacterium, 64% Sandofan, 500 times of liquid alternating spray are prevented and treated, aphid can prevent and treat with the 2000 times of liquid sprayings of 10% Provado.Spray medicine will be selected in fine day to carry out the morning.
8, lifting transport: matrix seedling well developed root system, can coil the root rope of forming consolidation, together can take out during lifting together with matrix, for the ease of lifting, can water in right amount the day before yesterday at lifting.With Special hole dish carrying case vanning transport.

Claims (9)

1. a watermelon plug seedling substrate, is characterized in that: this matrix is made up of vermiculite, perlite, coconut shell flour base-material, cripple or river embankment mud, carbonization rice husk or plant ash and the alcohol natural pond slag that processes by fermentation; Wherein the volume ratio of coconut shell flour base-material, alcohol natural pond slag, carbonization rice husk or plant ash, cripple or river embankment mud, perlite, vermiculite is: 15-30:15-30:15-25:0.5-2:5-10:15-25; This water content of substrate 35-50%, total porosity 65-95%, organic content>=20%, total nutrient content 3-5%, particle diameter 0.1-4.9mm, unit weight 0.2-0.8g/cm 3, gas-water ratio is 1:2-4, EC value≤2.5mS/cm, and pH value is 5.8-7.5;
Described fermentative processing is taken shelter from rain in booth in sunlight board, and adopt bar buttress formula or wheeled fermentation process, carry out decomposition reactor system process to alcohol natural pond slag, the composting time is 15-60 days, and once, turning in 4-5 days winter once in turning in 1-2 days summer.
2. a kind of watermelon plug seedling substrate according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described coconut shell flour base-material be domestic or import coconut palm brick add water carry out expansion process after the material that formed, the coefficient of expansion is 4-6, water content 40-50%, particle diameter 1-6mm; Described cripple is the material of methane-generating pit bottom settlings thing after drying grinding and processing, granularity 1-3mm; Described river embankment mud is the material of river embankment bottom sludge after drying grinding and processing, granularity 1-3mm; Described carbonization rice husk is the ashes that rice husk stays after burning carbonization; Described alcohol natural pond slag is the tankage after cassava materials extracts alcohol, then produces through anaerobically fermenting the residue formed after biogas.
3. a kind of watermelon plug seedling substrate according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described total nutrient is N+P 2o 5+ K 2o.
4. a kind of watermelon plug seedling substrate according to claim 1, is characterized in that: this substrate formula volume ratio is: coconut shell flour base-material 30 parts, alcohol natural pond slag 15 parts, carbonization rice husk 25 parts, cripple 1 part, perlite 5 parts, vermiculite 24 parts.
5. a kind of watermelon plug seedling substrate according to claim 1, is characterized in that: this substrate formula volume ratio is: coconut shell flour base-material 15 parts, alcohol natural pond slag 30 parts, plant ash 15 parts, 2 parts, river embankment mud, perlite 5 parts, vermiculite 24 parts.
6. a kind of watermelon plug seedling substrate according to claim 1, is characterized in that: this substrate formula volume ratio is: coconut shell flour base-material 26 parts, alcohol natural pond slag 26 parts, carbonization rice husk 16 parts, cripple 2 parts, perlite 5 parts, vermiculite 25 parts.
7. a kind of watermelon plug seedling substrate according to claim 1, is characterized in that: this water content of substrate 45%, total porosity 70%, organic content 21.5%, N+P 2o 5+ K 2o total nutrient content 4.8%, particle diameter 2.5mm, unit weight 0.5g/cm 3, gas-water ratio is 1:3, EC value is 1.8mS/cm, and pH value is 6.8.
8. a kind of watermelon plug seedling substrate according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the described alcohol natural pond slag fermentative processing composting time is 30 days.
9. watermelon plug seedling substrate described in claim 1 is in the application of watermelon hole plate seedling growth.
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CN110199853A (en) * 2019-07-16 2019-09-06 和县绿源蔬菜种植有限责任公司 A kind of western muskmelon nursery soilless culture substrate and method

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