CN105706704B - A kind of char-forming material makees gastrodin cultivation filler cultivation Rhizoma Gastrodiae method - Google Patents

A kind of char-forming material makees gastrodin cultivation filler cultivation Rhizoma Gastrodiae method Download PDF

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CN105706704B
CN105706704B CN201610117613.2A CN201610117613A CN105706704B CN 105706704 B CN105706704 B CN 105706704B CN 201610117613 A CN201610117613 A CN 201610117613A CN 105706704 B CN105706704 B CN 105706704B
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char
forming
layer
cultivation
protocorm
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CN201610117613.2A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105706704A (en
Inventor
何朝伦
田德连
严飞
李建华
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贵州闲草堂医药科技有限公司
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G18/00Cultivation of mushrooms
    • A01G18/10Mycorrhiza; Mycorrhizal associations
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G24/00Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G31/00Soilless cultivation, e.g. hydroponics
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G24/00Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor
    • A01G24/20Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor based on or containing natural organic material
    • A01G24/22Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor based on or containing natural organic material containing plant material
    • A01G24/23Wood, e.g. wood chips or sawdust

Abstract

The present invention relates to technical field of cultivation of gastrodia elata, especially a kind of char-forming material makees gastrodin cultivation filler cultivation Rhizoma Gastrodiae method, by using char-forming material as the filler during gastrodin cultivation, use soil or river sand etc. as cultivation area caused by filler from the defect of continuous cropping prevent the filler substitutes in traditional Rhizoma Gastrodiae plantation or cultivation, improve the quality of Rhizoma Gastrodiae, so that Rhizoma Gastrodiae will not be because of the defect of packing material, caused underproduction phenomenon, improve the Output of Gastrodia elata of unit area, income is increased, is reduced costs.

Description

A kind of char-forming material makees gastrodin cultivation filler cultivation Rhizoma Gastrodiae method
Technical field
The present invention relates to technical field of cultivation of gastrodia elata, especially a kind of char-forming material makees gastrodin cultivation filler cultivation Rhizoma Gastrodiae Method.
Background technique
It is well known that it includes have two kinds of plantation sides of sexual propagation and vegetative propagation during the cultivating and growing of Rhizoma Gastrodiae Method, in order to reduce the cultivation cost of Rhizoma Gastrodiae, increases the yield of Rhizoma Gastrodiae in sexual reproduction process, good in addition to needing to provide Halimasch material, so that halimasch material is to be provided outside sufficient nutrition in gastrodin cultivation planting process, for the sprouting of Rhizoma Gastrodiae plantation Rate, survival rate are also vital.
In consideration of it, in the prior art, thering is a large amount of researcher to engage in the germination rate to seeds of Gastrodia elata, survival rate progress Research, and propose to carry out Dressing using Germination Strain, the germination rate and survival rate of seeds of Gastrodia elata can be effectively improved, in turn The effective yield for improving Rhizoma Gastrodiae and the planting cost for reducing Rhizoma Gastrodiae.
But for gastrodin cultivation during, be usually all using soil, river sand or even part poultry excrement and urine disposal Afterwards, it is used as fill material, so that gastrodin cultivation and planting process obtain orderly efficient progress, but, Rhizoma Gastrodiae Due to the requirement of its own particularity, so that causing filler to be difficult to be returned after using these materials to use as filler It receives and utilizes, prevent Rhizoma Gastrodiae was cultivated on same base from continuous 2 years, if filler to be recycled and/or connect It deals with, it will cause the quality of Rhizoma Gastrodiae to be affected, even more so that the Rhizoma Gastrodiae underproduction up to 30-40%, hinders Rhizoma Gastrodiae production The progress of industry, increases Rhizoma Gastrodiae planting cost;In addition to this, filler is used as using river sand, soil etc., so that gastrodin cultivation Bacterium material is by the pollution of miscellaneous bacteria, and the density of these fillers is larger, and gas permeability is poor, and benefit is aqueous can be poor, easily causes Rhizoma Gastrodiae morbidity, increases Rhizoma Gastrodiae planting cost, reduces gastrodin cultivation benefit.
Summary of the invention
In order to solve the above technical problems existing in the prior art, the present invention provides a kind of char-forming material and makees gastrodin cultivation Filler cultivates Rhizoma Gastrodiae method.
It is achieved particular by following technical scheme:
A kind of char-forming material makees gastrodin cultivation filler cultivation Rhizoma Gastrodiae method, is carrying out seeds of Gastrodia elata sexual propagation plantation In the process, using char-forming material as gastrodin cultivation filler.
The method, specific operation is: after seeds of Gastrodia elata and Germination Strain are dressed seed, making seeds of Gastrodia elata germination at original After bulb, then sowing place is chosen, using char-forming material as filler used during gastrodin cultivation, and protocorm is planted Training covers protocorm in char-forming material filler, and using char-forming material filler.
The method, specific operation is: seeds of Gastrodia elata being admixed and is sprouted in strain, obtaining seed dressing Germination Strain makes Rhizoma Gastrodiae Germination becomes protocorm;Sowing place is chosen, using char-forming material in thick one layer of sowing place upper berth 4-6cm, then Char-forming material surface sprinkles one layer of protocorm, and protocorm is not overlapped between each other, then is covered on surface with char-forming material, then upper Face spreads one layer of halimasch material, and halimasch material has spacing between each other, and halimasch material is covered using char-forming material, then spreads one layer of protocorm In the mutual spacing of halimasch material, protocorm is not overlapped stem between each other, then using char-forming material spread to halimasch material Locate equal;One layer of protocorm is spread again, and protocorm is not overlapped between each other, then thick with char-forming material covering protocorm 1cm, then upper Face spreads one layer of halimasch material, and halimasch material has spacing between each other, and halimasch material is covered using char-forming material to halimasch material two At/mono-, then one layer of protocorm is spread in the mutual spacing of halimasch material, protocorm is not overlapped between each other, then uses carbon Change material to spread to equal at halimasch material;One layer of protocorm is spread again, and protocorm is not overlapped between each other, is then covered at least The char-forming material of 10cm, the char-forming material humidity in control flume are that 55-60% is cultivated, and gastrodin cultivation can be completed.
The method, specific operation is: seeds of Gastrodia elata being admixed and is sprouted in strain, seed dressing Germination Strain is obtained;Take day Fiber crops cultivation case or gastrodin cultivation bag, and in the char-forming material of one layer of 0.1-1.3cm thickness of gastrodin cultivation case or gastrodin cultivation bag middle berth, Then the seed dressing Germination Strain for the one layer of 0.5-1cm thickness that contract, then the char-forming material of one layer of 0.8-1.1cm thickness is spread, then spread one layer of 0.5-1cm Thick seed dressing Germination Strain, successively carries out, until gastrodin cultivation case or gastrodin cultivation is packed full, and in the top layer using carbonization Material lid 1.7-2.3cm is thick, has interval between control seed dressing Germination Strain and gastrodin cultivation case or gastrodin cultivation bag, Germination Strain of dressing seed There is interval between each other, controlling the humidity of gastrodin cultivation case or gastrodin cultivation bag from bottom to the char-forming material of the top layer is After 60%, processing 55-65 days, protocorm is obtained;Sowing place is chosen, using brick at wide 95-105cm, long 195-205cm, The slot of high 23-27cm, and the char-forming material of one layer of 4-6cm thickness is spread in trench bottom, then sprinkle one layer of protocorm on char-forming material surface Stem, protocorm are not overlapped between each other, then are covered on surface with char-forming material, then spreading one layer of halimasch material, every honey above Spacing between ring bacterium material is 5cm, and every halimasch material covers 2cm using char-forming material, then spreads one layer of protocorm in halimasch In the mutual spacing of material, protocorm is not overlapped between each other, then is spread using char-forming material to equal at halimasch material;It spreads again One layer of protocorm, protocorm are not overlapped between each other, then thick with char-forming material covering protocorm 1cm, then are spreading one layer of honey above Ring bacterium material, the spacing between every halimasch material are 5cm, and every halimasch material, which is covered using char-forming material to halimasch material two, to be divided One of place, then spread one layer of protocorm in the mutual spacing of halimasch material, protocorm is not overlapped between each other, then using carbonization Material is spread to equal at halimasch material;One layer of protocorm is spread again, and protocorm is not overlapped between each other, then covers the carbon of 10cm Change material, the char-forming material humidity in control flume is that 55-60% is cultivated, and gastrodin cultivation can be completed.
The char-forming material is igniting after the wood particle for being 1cm by husk or diameter mixes in carbonization pond with diesel oil It is obtained after burning into black wood charcoal, then after being put out fire with water.
The char-forming material is the wood particle for spreading that one layer of husk or diameter are 1cm in pond that is carbonized, with a thickness of 9-11cm, On surface, sprinkling accounts for one layer of diesel oil of husk or wood particle quality 3-8% again;Spread one layer of husk or diameter again as the timber of 1cm Particle, with a thickness of 9-11cm, then sprinkling accounts for one layer of diesel oil of husk or wood particle quality 3-8% on surface;Until will be entire It,, will with water after the wood particle that husk or diameter are 1cm is fired into black wood charcoal from carbonization bottom of pond portion igniting after carbonization pond is filled It, which is drenched, extinguishes, and obtains char-forming material.
The carbonization pond is to be built into high 2.5m, the pond of side length 4m using firebrick, and open in the bottom in pond on level land If four fire tanks, and a layer frame is being done with brandreth, so that layer frame separates the bottom in pond with fire tank.
Compared with prior art, it is embodied in technical effect:
The present invention by using char-forming material as the filler during gastrodin cultivation so that the filler substitution tradition It is unable to the defect of continuous cropping in Rhizoma Gastrodiae plantation or cultivation as cultivation area caused by filler using soil or river sand etc., The quality of Rhizoma Gastrodiae is improved, so that Rhizoma Gastrodiae will not improve unit area because of the defect of packing material, caused underproduction phenomenon Output of Gastrodia elata, increase income, reduce costs.
Traditional river sand, soil etc. are substituted in the present invention using char-forming material and is used as gastrodin cultivation filler, so that filling out It fills object and obtains iterative cycles utilization, continuous cropping is ploughed by the company for promoting Rhizoma Gastrodiae planting base, selection of the gastrodin cultivation to base is reduced, Reduce gastrodin cultivation cost;In addition to this, the fillers such as traditional river sand, soil then with char-forming material are substituted, are avoided miscellaneous Pollution of the bacterium to gastrodin cultivation bacterium material enhances the gas permeability of gastrodin cultivation layer, and the filler light weight used, density Low, gap is more, and char-forming material also has certain adsorptivity, can effectively adsorb the nutrient in environment, prevent Rhizoma Gastrodiae from falling ill, And then reach high yield, stable yields, it economizes the land resource, reduces gastrodin cultivation cost.
Specific embodiment
It is limited below with reference to specific embodiment technical solution of the present invention is further, but claimed Range is not only limited to made description.
It should be understood that the Germination Strain used in following embodiment is this researcher in Patent No. Strain is sprouted disclosed in 201010542943.9, the halimasch material of use is also corresponding halimasch disclosed in the patent No. Material product, product as in the prior art.
Embodiment 1
A kind of char-forming material makees gastrodin cultivation filler cultivation Rhizoma Gastrodiae method, is carrying out seeds of Gastrodia elata sexual propagation plantation In the process, using char-forming material as gastrodin cultivation filler.Specific operation is: seeds of Gastrodia elata and Germination Strain are dressed seed Afterwards, after so that seeds of Gastrodia elata is germinateed into protocorm, then sowing place is chosen, using char-forming material as employed in gastrodin cultivation process Filler, and by protocorm cultivation in char-forming material filler, and using char-forming material filler cover protocorm.
The char-forming material is that one layer of husk or diameter are spread in carbonization pond for the wood particle of 1cm, with a thickness of 9cm, then Surface sprinkling accounts for one layer of diesel oil of husk or wood particle quality 3%;The wood particle that one layer of husk or diameter are 1cm is spread again, With a thickness of 9cm, then sprinkling accounts for one layer of diesel oil of husk or wood particle quality 3% on surface;It is filled until by entire carbonization pond Afterwards, extinguishing is drenched with water, is obtained after the wood particle that husk or diameter are 1cm is fired into black wood charcoal from carbonization bottom of pond portion igniting Obtain char-forming material.
The carbonization pond is to be built into high 2.5m, the pond of side length 4m using firebrick, and open in the bottom in pond on level land If four fire tanks, and a layer frame is being done with brandreth, so that layer frame separates the bottom in pond with fire tank
Embodiment 2
A kind of char-forming material makees gastrodin cultivation filler cultivation Rhizoma Gastrodiae method, is carrying out seeds of Gastrodia elata sexual propagation plantation In the process, using char-forming material as gastrodin cultivation filler.
The method, specific operation is: seeds of Gastrodia elata being admixed and is sprouted in strain, obtaining seed dressing Germination Strain makes Rhizoma Gastrodiae Germination becomes protocorm;Sowing place is chosen, is sowing thick one layer of place upper berth 4cm using char-forming material, then in carbon Change material surface and sprinkle one layer of protocorm, protocorm is not overlapped between each other, then is covered on surface with char-forming material, then above One layer of halimasch material is spread, halimasch material has spacing between each other, and halimasch material is covered using char-forming material, then spreads one layer of protocorm In the mutual spacing of halimasch material, protocorm is not overlapped between each other, then using char-forming material spread to at halimasch material It is equal;One layer of protocorm is spread again, and protocorm is not overlapped between each other, then thick with char-forming material covering protocorm 1cm, then above One layer of halimasch material is spread, halimasch material has spacing between each other, and halimasch material, which is covered using char-forming material to halimasch material two, to be divided One of place, then spread one layer of protocorm in the mutual spacing of halimasch material, protocorm is not overlapped between each other, then using carbonization Material is spread to equal at halimasch material;One layer of protocorm is spread again, and protocorm is not overlapped between each other, then covers at least 10cm Char-forming material, the char-forming material humidity in control flume is 55% to be cultivated, and gastrodin cultivation can be completed.
The char-forming material is that one layer of husk or diameter are spread in carbonization pond for the wood particle of 1cm, with a thickness of 11cm, then On surface, sprinkling accounts for one layer of diesel oil of husk or wood particle quality 8%;Spread one layer of husk or diameter again as the timber of 1cm Grain, with a thickness of 11cm, then sprinkling accounts for one layer of diesel oil of husk or wood particle quality 8% on surface;Until the pond that will entirely be carbonized After filling, is drenched and put out with water after the wood particle that husk or diameter are 1cm is fired into black wood charcoal from carbonization bottom of pond portion igniting It goes out, obtains char-forming material.
The carbonization pond is to be built into high 2.5m, the pond of side length 4m using firebrick, and open in the bottom in pond on level land If four fire tanks, and a layer frame is being done with brandreth, so that layer frame separates the bottom in pond with fire tank
Embodiment 3
A kind of char-forming material makees gastrodin cultivation filler cultivation Rhizoma Gastrodiae method, is carrying out seeds of Gastrodia elata sexual propagation plantation In the process, using char-forming material as gastrodin cultivation filler.
The method, specific operation is: seeds of Gastrodia elata being admixed and is sprouted in strain, seed dressing Germination Strain is obtained;Take day Fiber crops cultivation case or gastrodin cultivation bag, and in the char-forming material of one layer of 0.1cm thickness of gastrodin cultivation case or gastrodin cultivation bag middle berth, then The seed dressing Germination Strain of one layer of 0.5cm thickness is spread, then spreads the char-forming material of one layer of 0.8cm thickness, then spreads the seed dressing sprouting of one layer of 0.5cm thickness Bacterium successively carries out, until gastrodin cultivation case or gastrodin cultivation is packed full, and char-forming material lid 1.7cm is used in the top layer Thickness, between there is interval, seed dressing Germination Strain to have between control seed dressing Germination Strain and gastrodin cultivation case or gastrodin cultivation bag between each other Every controlling gastrodin cultivation case or gastrodin cultivation bag from bottom to the humidity of the char-forming material of the top layer is 60%, is handled 55 days Afterwards, protocorm is obtained;Sowing place is chosen, using brick at wide 95cm, long 195cm, the slot of high 23cm, and spreads one in trench bottom The char-forming material of layer 4cm thickness, then one layer of protocorm is sprinkled on char-forming material surface, protocorm is not overlapped between each other, then uses carbon Change material and be covered on surface, then spreading one layer of halimasch material above, the spacing between every halimasch material is 5cm, every sweet ring Bacterium material covers 2cm using char-forming material, then spreads one layer of protocorm in the mutual spacing of halimasch material, and protocorm is mutual It is not overlapped, then is spread using char-forming material to equal at halimasch material;One layer of protocorm is spread again, and protocorm does not weigh between each other It is folded then thick with char-forming material covering protocorm 1cm, then one layer of halimasch material is being spread above, the spacing between every halimasch material For 5cm, every halimasch material is covered using char-forming material to halimasch material half, then spreads one layer of protocorm in halimasch In the mutual spacing of material, protocorm is not overlapped between each other, then is spread using char-forming material to equal at halimasch material;It spreads again One layer of protocorm, protocorm are not overlapped between each other, then cover the char-forming material of 10cm, the char-forming material humidity in control flume It is cultivated for 60%, gastrodin cultivation can be completed.
The char-forming material is that one layer of husk or diameter are spread in carbonization pond for the wood particle of 1cm, with a thickness of 11cm, then On surface, sprinkling accounts for one layer of diesel oil of husk or wood particle quality 8%;Spread one layer of husk or diameter again as the timber of 1cm Grain, with a thickness of 11cm, then sprinkling accounts for one layer of diesel oil of husk or wood particle quality 8% on surface;Until the pond that will entirely be carbonized After filling, is drenched and put out with water after the wood particle that husk or diameter are 1cm is fired into black wood charcoal from carbonization bottom of pond portion igniting It goes out, obtains char-forming material.
The carbonization pond is to be built into high 2.5m, the pond of side length 4m using firebrick, and open in the bottom in pond on level land If four fire tanks, and a layer frame is being done with brandreth, so that layer frame separates the bottom in pond with fire tank
Embodiment 4
A kind of char-forming material makees gastrodin cultivation filler cultivation Rhizoma Gastrodiae method, is carrying out seeds of Gastrodia elata sexual propagation plantation In the process, using char-forming material as gastrodin cultivation filler.
The method, specific operation is: seeds of Gastrodia elata being admixed and is sprouted in strain, seed dressing Germination Strain is obtained;Take day Fiber crops cultivation case or gastrodin cultivation bag, and in the char-forming material of one layer of 1.3cm thickness of gastrodin cultivation case or gastrodin cultivation bag middle berth, then The seed dressing Germination Strain of one layer of 1cm thickness is spread, then spreads the char-forming material of one layer of 1.1cm thickness, then spreads the seed dressing Germination Strain of one layer of 1cm thickness, Successively carry out, until it is gastrodin cultivation case or gastrodin cultivation is packed full and thick using char-forming material lid 2.3cm in the top layer, There is interval between control seed dressing Germination Strain and gastrodin cultivation case or gastrodin cultivation bag, seed dressing Germination Strain has interval between each other, It is 60% that gastrodin cultivation case or gastrodin cultivation bag, which are controlled, from bottom to the humidity of the char-forming material of the top layer, after processing 65 days, Obtain protocorm;Sowing place is chosen, using brick at wide 105cm, long 205cm, the slot of high 27cm, and spreads one layer in trench bottom The char-forming material of 6cm thickness, then sprinkle one layer of protocorm on char-forming material surface, protocorm is not overlapped between each other, then with carbonization Material is covered on surface, then is spreading one layer of halimasch material above, and the spacing between every halimasch material is 5cm, every halimasch Material covers 2cm using char-forming material, then spreads one layer of protocorm in the mutual spacing of halimasch material, and protocorm is between each other not Overlapping, then spread using char-forming material to equal at halimasch material;One layer of protocorm is spread again, protocorm is not overlapped between each other, It is thick with char-forming material covering protocorm 1cm again, then one layer of halimasch material is being spread above, the spacing between every halimasch material is 5cm, every halimasch material is covered using char-forming material to halimasch material half, then spreads one layer of protocorm in halimasch material In mutual spacing, protocorm is not overlapped between each other, then is spread using char-forming material to equal at halimasch material;One is spread again Layer protocorm, protocorm are not overlapped between each other, then cover the char-forming material of 10cm, the char-forming material humidity in control flume is 60% is cultivated, and gastrodin cultivation can be completed.
The char-forming material is that one layer of husk or diameter are spread in carbonization pond for the wood particle of 1cm, with a thickness of 10cm, then On surface, sprinkling accounts for one layer of diesel oil of husk or wood particle quality 5%;Spread one layer of husk or diameter again as the timber of 1cm Grain, with a thickness of 11cm, then sprinkling accounts for one layer of diesel oil of husk or wood particle quality 3% on surface;Until the pond that will entirely be carbonized After filling, is drenched and put out with water after the wood particle that husk or diameter are 1cm is fired into black wood charcoal from carbonization bottom of pond portion igniting It goes out, obtains char-forming material.
The carbonization pond is to be built into high 2.5m, the pond of side length 4m using firebrick, and open in the bottom in pond on level land If four fire tanks, and a layer frame is being done with brandreth, so that layer frame separates the bottom in pond with fire tank.
It is worth reminding: above-described embodiment and all embodiments of exhaustive the invention, but to this hair Bright operating method makes brief description, the understanding in order to those skilled in the art to the invention, to realize to this Field technical staff carries out sufficiently disclosed purpose, the numerical value model arrived mentioned in range claimed for the invention The endpoint value enclosed does not occur in the above-described embodiments, and occur in summary of the invention, should be to invent appearance in interior Standard, and in this, as the endpoint value of the protection scope, the innovation and creation true scope is realized to reach, and processed Cheng Zhong, all medians in the invention can be come on the basis of embodiment 4 according to the operation scheme of embodiment 4 Obtain optimize realize, above-described embodiment can the present invention will be described in detail create operating method when, not with exhaustive It writes and numberical range claimed is subjected to enumerating one by one, so, what those skilled in the art made on this basis Improvement without essential characteristics outstanding and marked improvement, belongs to protection category of the invention.
Other than above-mentioned processing scheme, this researcher is also by even ploughing continuous cropping experiment, by the processing side of the invention Rhizoma Gastrodiae and conventionally employed river sand, soil of method cultivation etc. cultivate Rhizoma Gastrodiae as the method that filler carries out gastrodin cultivation processing, and Yield after Rhizoma Gastrodiae even to be ploughed to continuous cropping compares, and obtains, the gastrodin cultivation method of the invention can effectively avoid day The underproduction phenomenon of fiber crops, and the disease incidence of Rhizoma Gastrodiae is reduced, reduce the cultivation cost of Rhizoma Gastrodiae.

Claims (4)

1. a kind of char-forming material makees gastrodin cultivation filler cultivation Rhizoma Gastrodiae method, which is characterized in that carrying out, seeds of Gastrodia elata is sexual During breeding plantation, using char-forming material as gastrodin cultivation filler;
The char-forming material makees gastrodin cultivation filler cultivation Rhizoma Gastrodiae method, and specific operation is: seeds of Gastrodia elata is admixed It sprouts in strain, obtains seed dressing Germination Strain;Gastrodin cultivation case or gastrodin cultivation bag are taken, and in gastrodin cultivation case or gastrodin cultivation bag The char-forming material of one layer of 0.1-1.3cm thickness of middle berth, then spreads the seed dressing Germination Strain of one layer of 0.5-1cm thickness, then spreads one layer of 0.8- The char-forming material of 1.1cm thickness, then the seed dressing Germination Strain of one layer of 0.5-1cm thickness is spread, it successively carries out, until by gastrodin cultivation case or day Numb cultivating bag is filled, and thick using char-forming material lid 1.7-2.3cm in the top layer, control seed dressing Germination Strain and gastrodin cultivation case Or there is interval between gastrodin cultivation bag, seed dressing Germination Strain has interval between each other, controls gastrodin cultivation case or gastrodin cultivation bag It is 60% from bottom to the humidity of the char-forming material of the top layer, after processing 55-65 days, obtains protocorm;Sowing place is chosen, Using brick at wide 95-105cm, long 195-205cm, the slot of high 23-27cm, and the carbonization of one layer of 4-6cm thickness is spread in trench bottom Material, then one layer of protocorm is sprinkled on char-forming material surface, protocorm is not overlapped between each other, then is covered on table with char-forming material Face, then one layer of halimasch material is being spread above, the spacing between every halimasch material is 5cm, and every halimasch material is using carbonization material Material covers 2cm, then spreads one layer of protocorm in the mutual spacing of halimasch material, and protocorm is not overlapped between each other, then is used Char-forming material is spread to equal at halimasch material;One layer of protocorm is spread again, and protocorm is not overlapped between each other, then uses char-forming material It is thick to cover protocorm 1cm, then is spreading one layer of halimasch material above, the spacing between every halimasch material is 5cm, every halimasch Material is covered using char-forming material to halimasch material half, then spreads one layer of protocorm spacing mutual in halimasch material Interior, protocorm is not overlapped between each other, then is spread using char-forming material to equal at halimasch material;One layer of protocorm is spread again, it is former Bulb is not overlapped between each other, then covers the char-forming material of 10cm, and the char-forming material humidity in control flume is 55-60% progress Culture, can be completed gastrodin cultivation.
2. char-forming material as described in claim 1 makees gastrodin cultivation filler cultivation Rhizoma Gastrodiae method, which is characterized in that the carbon Change material, is after mixing the wood particle that husk or diameter are 1cm in carbonization pond with diesel oil, after ignition is at black wood charcoal, It is obtained after being put out fire again with water.
3. char-forming material as claimed in claim 2 makees gastrodin cultivation filler cultivation Rhizoma Gastrodiae method, which is characterized in that the carbon Change material, is to be carbonized in pond to spread one layer of husk or diameter as the wood particle of 1cm, with a thickness of 9-11cm, then sprinkling accounts on surface One layer of diesel oil of husk or wood particle quality 3-8%;One layer of husk or diameter are spread again for the wood particle of 1cm, with a thickness of 9- 11cm, then one layer of diesel oil of husk or wood particle quality 3-8% is accounted in surface sprinkling;After entire carbonization pond is filled, Extinguishing is drenched with water after the wood particle that husk or diameter are 1cm is fired into black wood charcoal from carbonization bottom of pond portion igniting, is obtained Char-forming material.
4. char-forming material as claimed in claim 2 or claim 3 makees gastrodin cultivation filler cultivation Rhizoma Gastrodiae method, which is characterized in that institute Stating carbonization pond is to be built into high 2.5m, the pond of side length 4m using firebrick, and open up four in the bottom in pond and ignite on level land Slot, and make a layer frame again of brandreth, so that layer frame separates the bottom in pond with fire tank.
CN201610117613.2A 2016-03-02 2016-03-02 A kind of char-forming material makees gastrodin cultivation filler cultivation Rhizoma Gastrodiae method CN105706704B (en)

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Denomination of invention: Method for cultivating rhizoma gastrodiae by taking carbonization material as rhizoma gastrodiae cultivating filler

Effective date of registration: 20200701

Granted publication date: 20190222

Pledgee: Zhenyuan County poverty alleviation and Development Co., Ltd

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