Clamping tire type automobile carrier of three-dimensional garage
The present invention relates to a kind of automobile carrier, be specifically a kind ofly applicable to the tire clamping type automobile carrier that intelligent three-dimensional garage Transport Vehicle is used, belong to parking equipment technical field.
Along with the development of auto industry and the raising of living standards of the people, city per capita automobile occupancy volume constantly increases, but the increase along with urban population, people's living space is more and more less, few of position for stopping almost, in order to adapt to the needs of parking, people start to use in a large number multi-storied garage, to solve the problem of parking stall deficiency.For the vehicle carrier of three-dimensional parking device, mainly contain at present vehicle-containing type, interdigitated electrode structure and clamping wheel fetalism.
Vehicle-containing type garage working method is simple and reliable, when subject matter is Transport Vehicle, must have an access vehicle-containing process, increased time of Transport Vehicle, operating efficiency is lower.
Interdigitated electrode structure carrier mainly utilizes interlocked the up and down handling process of vehicle of the broach of parking stall and carrier.Due to the direct carrying vehicle of energy, so efficiency is fast at a high speed, the subject matter of existence is that the location technology of equipment is complicated, installation is complicated, every layer of landing will be higher than other modes, and the increasing of the construction cost in garage and space requirement are higher.
Clamping wheel fetalism carrier is a kind of novel vehicle conveying equipment.It can directly pierce below vehicle, utilizes clamping limb that vehicle tyre is picked up, and vehicle is delivered on parking space.Due to its also direct carrying vehicle, so efficiency is high, speed is fast.Comparing its advantage such as simple in structure, quick and easy for installation in addition with interdigitated electrode structure, is carrier more satisfactory in storage type parking equipment.As disclosed by the utility model patent designs such as Wang Jun, Guan Hu, that the patent No. is 200820094641.8, name is called multi-storied garage intelligent carrier on May 6th, 2009 in State Intellectual Property Office, this carrier comprises two vehicle bodies that connected by a connecting rod, walking mechanism, positioner are set at least one vehicle body, and two vehicle bodies are respectively provided to few two rushing board mechanisms; Rushing board mechanism is provided with to be controlled the control motor of its motion and under the effect of this control motor, controls the action control mechanism that rushing board mechanism moves; Controlling motor is arranged in action control mechanism; Rushing board mechanism comprises the spinning movement mechanism that is arranged on the rotatable clamping bar at two ends, the drive motors of this clamping bar and clamping bar; Rotatable clamping bar connects its spinning movement mechanism, and drive motors is arranged in spinning movement mechanism.
Because its spinning movement mechanism is comprised of leading screw, nut, tooth bar and the first gear, the drive motors of clamping bar is set in one end of leading screw, drive motors drives leading screw rotation, nut rectilinear motion, leading screw, the motion of nut band carry-over bar, rack drives the first gear rotates, the first gear driven clamping bar action.Spinning movement mechanism also comprises one second gear, and this second gear and described the first gear engagement, drive clamping bar action jointly.It is many that its shortcoming one is that complex structure, transmission are paid, the 2nd, and the wider width of tooth bar, as without guide rail constraint, there will be tooth bar to swing up and down, and causes transmission unstable, increases guide rail and makes structure more complicated.
The structure of the action control mechanism of its rushing board mechanism is more complicated, transmission is paid many, and action control mechanism is 2 cocainine thick sticks, nut body, one end at every rhizoid thick stick arranges respectively control motor, control driven by motor leading screw and nut body motion, and then drive rushing board mechanism to move along the guide rail being arranged on vehicle body by leading screw and nut body.Because action control mechanism is 2 cocainine thick sticks, nut body, on every rhizoid thick stick, be provided with the nut of 2 rushing board mechanisms simultaneously, need two cover nuts to keep higher axiality, the machining accuracy of therefore each parts all being had relatively high expectations, cost is higher.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved by this invention is: a kind of simple in structure, cost is low, reliability is high, safety is good clamping tire type automobile carrier of three-dimensional garage is provided.
The technical scheme that the present invention adopted is for achieving the above object:
A clamping tire type automobile carrier of three-dimensional garage, comprises by interconnective at least two vehicle bodies of body linkage; On vehicle body, be provided with walking mechanism and positioner, be respectively arranged with at least one pair of push pedal on each vehicle body, vehicle body is provided with to be controlled motor and under the effect of this control motor, controls push pedal along being arranged at the action control mechanism that the guide rail on vehicle body moves; The two ends of push pedal are respectively equipped with the drive motors of rotatable clamping bar, this clamping bar and under the effect of this drive motors, control the spinning movement mechanism of clamping bar rotation, it is characterized in that: described spinning movement mechanism is comprised of the first gear, the second gear, described clamping bar is fixed on the first gear, the second gear is connected with the drive motors of described clamping bar, drive motors drives the second gear to rotate, second gear driven the first gear rotates, the first gear driven clamping bar action.
Described action control mechanism is comprised of tooth bar and the 3rd gear, one end of tooth bar is connected in push pedal, and tooth bar is meshed with motor-driven the 3rd gear of described control, controls motor and drives the 3rd gear to rotate, the 3rd gear driven tooth bar is done rectilinear motion, and rack drives push pedal is moved.
Clamping tire type automobile carrier of three-dimensional garage of the present invention, its spinning movement mechanism that controls clamping bar rotation is comprised of a pair of intermeshing the first gear and the second gear, clamping bar is fixed on the first gear, drive motors drives the second gear to rotate, the first gear driven clamping bar action, simple in structure, transmission is paid few, and synchronism is good; Its action control mechanism is comprised of the 3rd gear and tooth bar, controls motor and drives the 3rd gear to rotate, and tooth bar is done rectilinear motion and driven push pedal to move; Rack-and-pinion transmission is lower to the requirement on machining accuracy of each parts, not only can reduce costs, and fault rate is also low.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of clamping tire type automobile carrier of three-dimensional garage of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is that the clamping bar of clamping tire type automobile carrier of three-dimensional garage of the present invention rotates the structural representation under collapsed state.
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of carrier and vehicle during step 1 in the process of picking up the car.
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of carrier and vehicle during step 2 in the process of picking up the car.
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of carrier and vehicle during step 3 in the process of picking up the car.
Fig. 6 is the structural representation of carrier and vehicle during step 4 in the process of picking up the car.
In figure: 1-the first vehicle body, 2-the second vehicle body, 3-push pedal, 4-push pedal, 5-push pedal, 6-push pedal, 7-controls motor, 8-the 3rd gear, 9-tooth bar, 10-clamping bar, 11-movable motor, 12-guide rail, 13-drive motors, 14-the first gear, 15-the second gear, 16-secondary row travelling wheel, 17-body linkage.
The specific embodiment
Below by non-limiting embodiment, also the present invention is described further by reference to the accompanying drawings.
Refer to Fig. 1, Fig. 2, wherein, structural representation when Fig. 1 is the back-out of carrier clamping bar, structural representation when Fig. 2 is clamping bar screw-in.As shown in the figure, the present embodiment has disclosed a kind of clamping tire type automobile carrier of three-dimensional garage, this carrier comprises two vehicle bodies that connected by a body linkage 17, is respectively the first vehicle body 1 and the second vehicle body 2, and the present embodiment all arranges walking mechanism and positioner on each vehicle body; In walking mechanism, be provided with movable motor 11, driven the road wheel of chain and then drive walking mechanism by movable motor 11, walking mechanism is controlled carriers by movable motor 11 and is moved.Each vehicle body of the present embodiment arranges 2 movable motors 11 that drive this carrier mass motion, and described positioner has been used for the location of vehicle body and vehicle.Said structure is prior art, seldom repeats.
On each vehicle body, be respectively arranged with at least one pair of push pedal 3,4,5,6, in this example, two push pedals 3,4,5,6 be set respectively on two vehicle bodies, the structure of push pedal 3,4,5,6 is basic identical.Vehicle body is provided with to be controlled motor 7 and under the effect of this control motor 7, controls push pedal 3,4,5,6 along being arranged at the action control mechanism that the guide rail 12 on vehicle body moves; This action control mechanism comprises the 3rd gear 8 and the tooth bar 9 being meshed with it, tooth bar 9 one end are connected in push pedal 3,4,5,6, the 3rd gear 8 is connected with described control motor 7, controls motor 7 and drives the 3rd gear 8 to rotate, and tooth bar 9 is done rectilinear motion and driven push pedal 3,4,5,6 to move.
The two ends of push pedal 3,4,5,6 are respectively equipped with the drive motors 13 of rotatable clamping bar 10, this clamping bar 10 and under the effect of this drive motors 13, control the spinning movement mechanism of clamping bar 10 rotations, spinning movement mechanism is comprised of the first gear 14 and the second gear 15, described clamping bar 10 is fixed on the first gear 14, and the second gear 15 is connected with the drive motors 13 of described clamping bar 10; Drive motors 13 drives the second gear 15 to drive the first gear 14 to rotate, and the first gear 14 drives clamping bar 10 to screw in or screw out action.In the present embodiment, comprise 4 clamping bars 10 in each vehicle body, whole carrier amounts to 8 clamping bars 10, clamping bar 10 be arranged as symmetrical mode.
Simultaneously, clamping bar 10 ends are provided with 16 pairs of clamping bars of secondary row travelling wheel 10 and carry out supplemental support, for fear of the excessive friction between clamping bar 10 and tire, clamping bar 10 is provided with cylinder in addition, makes tire become relative rolling condition uniformly in squeezed liter or decline process with between cylinder.
Two vehicle bodies are connected by body linkage 17, and in two independent vehicle bodies distances too closely or play mechanical position limitation protective effect when too far away, the cable between two vehicle bodies is supported and protected by body linkage 17 simultaneously.
Below introduce operating principle of the present invention and flow process.Carrier comprises in the course of the work picks up the car and two processes of bicycle parking.
Carrier is when picking up the car, by the driving of movable motor 11, run to bottom of car, the drive motors 13 of controlling clamping bar 10 screws out clamping bar 10 by the second gear 15, the first gear 14 transmissions, control control motor 7 rotations of push pedal, drive push pedal 3,4,5,6 to do rectilinear motion in opposite directions, doughnut is lifted gradually under the effect of clamping bar 13.
During bicycle parking, carrier drives by movable motor 11, carrier vehicle is to assigned address, control motor 7 drives push pedal to do reverse linear by action control mechanism and moves, doughnut is put into ground gradually, the drive motors 13 of controlling clamping bar 10 regains clamping bar by gear drive, completes the handling process of automobile.
Below in conjunction with Fig. 3 to Fig. 6, introduce the workflow that this practical carrier is picked up the car:
The first step: as shown in Figure 3, the state of carrier in Fig. 3, clamping bar 10 all screws in, and the distance between two vehicle bodies is less, tightens together, prepares upwards to get the vehicle of top.
Second step: as shown in Figure 4, first carrier runs to vehicle bottom by movable motor 11 integral body, relies on positioner to make the first vehicle body 1 and vehicle front wheel alignment, then controls motor 7 actions, now four of the first vehicle body 1 clamping bars 10 screw out, and wherein two clamping bars 10 of the second vehicle body 2 screw out.
The 3rd step: the second vehicle body 2 continues to move to tailstock direction subsequently, positioner makes the second vehicle body 2 and vehicle rear wheel location, and afterwards, the other a pair of clamping bar 10 of the second vehicle body 2 screws out.Structure after two vehicle bodies have been located completely as shown in Figure 5.In Fig. 5, carrier is in body bottom, and two vehicle bodies have been located respectively, and clamping bar 10, all in open mode, is prepared further action vehicle tyre is squeezed and rises built on stilts.
The 4th step: as Fig. 6, now control motor 7 runnings, the pair of push plates on vehicle body is done the motion of drawing close in opposite directions, and clamping bar 10 also closes up together, and vehicle is lifted gradually.Tire is squeezed to be risen after built on stilts, movable motor 11 antiports, and carrier and vehicle leave vehicle original position, and the process of picking up the car finishes.
During bicycle parking, vehicle is on carrier, and first carrier moves to parking space, and push pedal drives clamping bar to open motion, and tire is lowered by ground, and clamping bar is threaded into.After this, carrier can exit from bottom of car by movable motor 11, and body linkage 17 is regained, and two vehicle bodies tighten together, completes bicycle parking action.