Clamping tire type automobile carrier of three-dimensional garage
The present invention relates to a kind of automobile carrier, specifically a kind of tire clamping type automobile carrier being applicable to intelligent three-dimensional garage Transport Vehicle, belongs to parking equipment technical field.
Along with the development of auto industry and the raising of living standards of the people, city per capita automobile occupancy volume constantly increases, but along with the increase of urban population, the living space of people is more and more less, almost few of position for stopping, in order to adapt to the needs stopped, people start to use multi-storied garage in a large number, to solve the problem of parking stall deficiency.For the vehicle carrier of three-dimensional parking device, mainly contain vehicle-containing type, interdigitated electrode structure and clamping wheel fetalism at present.
Vehicle-containing type garage working method is simple and reliable, must have when subject matter is Transport Vehicle one access vehicle-containing process, add the time of Transport Vehicle, operating efficiency is lower.
Interdigitated electrode structure carrier mainly utilizes the comb of parking stall and carrier to have interlocked up and down the handling process of vehicle.Due to can direct carrying vehicle, so efficiency high speed be fast, the subject matter of existence be the location technology of equipment complicated, complicated, every layer of landing be installed be higher than other modes, the construction cost in garage strengthen and space requirement higher.
Clamping wheel fetalism carrier is a kind of novel vehicle conveying equipment.It can directly pierce below vehicle, utilizes clamping limb to be picked up by vehicle tyre, vehicle is delivered on parking space.Because it also can direct carrying vehicle, so efficiency is high, speed is fast.It also has the advantages such as structure is simple, quick and easy for installation compared with interdigitated electrode structure, is carrier more satisfactory in storage type parking equipment.That designed by Wang Jun, Liang Hu etc. disclosed in 6 days Mays in 2009 as State Intellectual Property Office, that the patent No. is 200820094641.8, name is called multi-storied garage intelligent carrier utility model patent, this carrier comprises two vehicle bodies connected by a connecting rod, at least one vehicle body arranges walking mechanism, positioner, and two vehicle bodies are respectively provided to few two rushing board mechanisms; Rushing board mechanism is provided with the control motor controlling its motion and the action control mechanism controlling rushing board mechanism movement under the effect of this control motor; Controlling motor is arranged in action control mechanism; Rushing board mechanism comprises the spinning movement mechanism being arranged on the rotatable clamping bar at two ends, the drive motors of this clamping bar and clamping bar; Rotatable clamping bar connects its spinning movement mechanism, and drive motors is arranged in spinning movement mechanism.
Because its spinning movement mechanism is made up of leading screw, nut, tooth bar and the first gear, the drive motors of clamping bar is set in one end of leading screw, drive motors drives screw turns, nut rectilinear motion, leading screw, nut band carry-over bar move, rack drives first pinion rotation, the first gear driven clamping bar action.Spinning movement mechanism also comprises one second gear, this second gear and described first gears meshing, the action of common drive clamping bar.Its shortcoming one is complex structure, transmission is paid many, and two is wider width of tooth bar, as without guide rail constraint, there will be tooth bar and swings up and down, and causes transmission unstable, increases guide rail and then makes structure more complicated.
The structure of the action control mechanism of its rushing board mechanism is more complicated, transmission is paid many, and action control mechanism is 2 groups of leading screws, nut bodies, in one end of every rhizoid thick stick, control motor is set respectively, control driven by motor leading screw and nut body motion, and then drive rushing board mechanism to move along the guide rail be arranged on vehicle body by leading screw and nut body.Because action control mechanism is 2 groups of leading screws, nut bodies, every rhizoid thick stick is provided with simultaneously the nut of 2 rushing board mechanisms, need two cover nuts to keep higher axiality, therefore all require higher machining accuracy to each parts, cost is higher.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved by this invention is: provide the clamping tire type automobile carrier of three-dimensional garage that a kind of structure is simple, cost is low, reliability is high, safety is good.
The technical scheme that the present invention is adopted for achieving the above object is:
A kind of clamping tire type automobile carrier of three-dimensional garage, comprises by interconnective at least two vehicle bodies of body linkage; Vehicle body is provided with walking mechanism and positioner, each vehicle body is respectively arranged with at least one pair of push pedal, vehicle body is provided with and controls motor and under the effect of this control motor, control push pedal along the action control mechanism being arranged at the guide rail movement on vehicle body; The two ends of push pedal be respectively equipped with rotatable clamping bar, this clamping bar drive motors and under the effect of this drive motors, control the spinning movement mechanism that clamping bar rotates, it is characterized in that: described spinning movement mechanism is made up of the first gear, the second gear, described clamping bar is fixed on the first gear, second gear is connected with the drive motors of described clamping bar, drive motors drives the second pinion rotation, second gear driven first pinion rotation, the first gear driven clamping bar action.
Described action control mechanism is made up of tooth bar and the 3rd gear, one end of tooth bar is connected in push pedal, and tooth bar is meshed with motor-driven 3rd gear of described control, controls motor and drives the 3rd pinion rotation, 3rd gear driven tooth bar does rectilinear motion, and rack drives push pedal is moved.
Clamping tire type automobile carrier of three-dimensional garage of the present invention, its spinning movement mechanism controlling clamping bar rotation is made up of a pair intermeshing first gear and the second gear, clamping bar is fixed on the first gear, drive motors drives the second pinion rotation, first gear driven clamping bar action, structure is simple, transmission is paid few, and synchronism is good; Its action control mechanism is made up of the 3rd gear and tooth bar, controls motor and drives the 3rd pinion rotation, and tooth bar does rectilinear motion and drives push pedal to move; The requirement on machining accuracy of rack pinion to each parts is lower, not only can reduce costs, and fault rate is also low.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of clamping tire type automobile carrier of three-dimensional garage of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the structural representation under the clamping bar rotation collapsed state of clamping tire type automobile carrier of three-dimensional garage of the present invention.
The structural representation of carrier and vehicle when Fig. 3 is step 1 in process of picking up the car.
The structural representation of carrier and vehicle when Fig. 4 is step 2 in process of picking up the car.
The structural representation of carrier and vehicle when Fig. 5 is step 3 in process of picking up the car.
The structural representation of carrier and vehicle when Fig. 6 is step 4 in process of picking up the car.
In figure: 1-first vehicle body, 2-second vehicle body, 3-push pedal, 4-push pedal, 5-push pedal, 6-push pedal, 7-controls motor, 8-the 3rd gear, 9-tooth bar, 10-clamping bar, 11-movable motor, 12-guide rail, 13-drive motors, 14-first gear, 15-second gear, 16-secondary row travelling wheel, 17-body linkage.
Detailed description of the invention
Below by non-limiting embodiment, also the present invention is described further by reference to the accompanying drawings.
Refer to Fig. 1, Fig. 2, wherein, structural representation when Fig. 1 is the back-out of carrier clamping bar, structural representation when Fig. 2 is clamping bar screw-in.As shown in the figure, the present embodiment discloses a kind of clamping tire type automobile carrier of three-dimensional garage, this carrier comprises two vehicle bodies connected by a body linkage 17, and be respectively the first vehicle body 1 and the second vehicle body 2, the present embodiment all arranges walking mechanism and positioner on each vehicle body; Be provided with movable motor 11 in walking mechanism, drive chain by movable motor 11 and then drive the road wheel of walking mechanism, walking mechanism controls carrier motion by movable motor 11.The each vehicle body of the present embodiment arranges the movable motor 11 that 2 drive this carrier mass motion, and described positioner is for completing the location of vehicle body and vehicle.Said structure is prior art, seldom repeats.
Each vehicle body is respectively arranged with at least one pair of push pedal 3,4,5,6, in this example, two vehicle bodies are arranged respectively two push pedals 3,4,5,6, the structure of push pedal 3,4,5,6 is substantially identical.Vehicle body is provided with and controls motor 7 and under the effect of this control motor 7, control push pedal 3,4,5,6 along the action control mechanism being arranged at guide rail 12 movement on vehicle body; The tooth bar 9 that this action control mechanism comprises the 3rd gear 8 and is meshed with it, tooth bar 9 one end is connected in push pedal 3,4,5,6,3rd gear 8 is connected with described control motor 7, controls motor 7 and drives the 3rd gear 8 to rotate, and tooth bar 9 does rectilinear motion and drives push pedal 3,4,5,6 to move.
The two ends of push pedal 3,4,5,6 be respectively equipped with rotatable clamping bar 10, this clamping bar 10 drive motors 13 and under the effect of this drive motors 13, control the spinning movement mechanism that clamping bar 10 rotates, spinning movement mechanism is made up of the first gear 14 and the second gear 15, described clamping bar 10 is fixed on the first gear 14, and the second gear 15 is connected with the drive motors 13 of described clamping bar 10; Drive motors 13 drives the second gear 15 to drive the first gear 14 to rotate, and the first gear 14 drives clamping bar 10 screw in or screw out action.In the present embodiment, comprise 4 clamping bars 10 in each vehicle body, whole carrier amounts to 8 clamping bars 10, clamping bar 10 be arranged as symmetrical mode.
Simultaneously, clamping bar 10 end is provided with secondary row travelling wheel 16 pairs of clamping bars 10 and carries out supplemental support, in addition in order to avoid the excessive friction between clamping bar 10 and tire, clamping bar 10 is provided with cylinder, make tire in squeezed liter or decline process with become relatively uniform rolling condition between cylinder.
Two vehicle bodies are connected by body linkage 17, two independent vehicle bodies distances too closely or too far away time play mechanical position limitation protective effect, the cable simultaneously between two vehicle bodies is supported by body linkage 17 and protects.
Below introduce operating principle of the present invention and flow process.Carrier comprises in the course of the work picks up the car and bicycle parking two processes.
Carrier is when picking up the car, by the driving of movable motor 11, run to bottom of car, the drive motors 13 controlling clamping bar 10 makes clamping bar 10 screw out by the second gear 15, first gear 14 transmission, the control motor 7 controlling push pedal rotates, drive push pedal 3,4,5,6 to do rectilinear motion in opposite directions, doughnut is lifted gradually under the effect of clamping bar 13.
During bicycle parking, carrier is driven by movable motor 11, carrier vehicle is to assigned address, controlling motor 7 drives push pedal to do reverse linear motion by action control mechanism, doughnut is put into ground gradually, the drive motors 13 controlling clamping bar 10 makes clamping bar regain by gear drive, completes the handling process of automobile.
Below in conjunction with Fig. 3 to Fig. 6, introduce the workflow that this practical carrier is picked up the car:
The first step: as shown in Figure 3, carrier is in the state of Fig. 3, and clamping bar 10 all screws in, and the distance between two vehicle bodies is less, tightens together, prepares the vehicle upwards getting top.
Second step: as shown in Figure 4, first carrier runs to vehicle bottom by movable motor 11 entirety, relies on positioner to make the first vehicle body 1 and vehicle front wheel alignment, then controls motor 7 action, now four clamping bars 10 of the first vehicle body 1 screw out, and wherein two clamping bars 10 of the second vehicle body 2 screw out.
3rd step: the second vehicle body 2 continues to move to tailstock direction subsequently, positioner makes the second vehicle body 2 locate with vehicle rear wheel, and afterwards, other a pair clamping bar 10 of the second vehicle body 2 screws out.Two vehicle bodies located completely after structure as shown in Figure 5.In Fig. 5, carrier is in body bottom, and two vehicle bodies have been located respectively, and clamping bar 10 is all in open mode, prepares further action and lifts away from crowded for vehicle tyre the face of turning up the soil.
4th step: as Fig. 6, now control motor 7 operate, the pair of push plates on vehicle body do in opposite directions draw close motion, clamping bar 10 also closes up together, and vehicle is lifted gradually.Tire is squeezed lift away from the face of turning up the soil after, movable motor 11 antiport, carrier and vehicle leave vehicle original position, and the process of picking up the car terminates.
During bicycle parking, vehicle is on carrier, and first carrier moves to parking space, and push pedal drives clamping bar to open motion, and tire is lowered by ground, and clamping bar is threaded into.After this, carrier can be exited from bottom of car by movable motor 11, and body linkage 17 is regained, and two vehicle bodies tighten together, complete bicycle parking action.