CN103583431A - Method for mainly culturing yellow catfishes and carrying out polyculture on other feeding fishes in pond - Google Patents

Method for mainly culturing yellow catfishes and carrying out polyculture on other feeding fishes in pond Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103583431A
CN103583431A CN201310554849.9A CN201310554849A CN103583431A CN 103583431 A CN103583431 A CN 103583431A CN 201310554849 A CN201310554849 A CN 201310554849A CN 103583431 A CN103583431 A CN 103583431A
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feeding
yellow cartfish
pond
yellow
fish
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CN103583431B (en
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邓闵
何绪刚
董加沙
谢从新
李大鹏
张敏
王春芳
周琼
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Huazhong Agricultural University
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Huazhong Agricultural University
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish

Abstract

The invention belongs to the technical field of aquaculture, and relates to a method for mainly culturing yellow catfishes and carrying out polyculture on other feeding fishes in a pond. The method is characterized in that a new netting method is designed, various feeding fishes can be cultured in the yellow-head catfish main culturing pond in a polyculture mode according to local conditions, and the unit culturing efficiency of the yellow-head catfish main culturing pond can be improved greatly. The method mainly includes the steps that a purse net is erected in front of a main fish, namely the yellow-head catfish, feeding machine according to the feeding area covered by the feeding machine; preferentially, 80% bait fed by the feeding machine can fall in a region surrounded by the purse net under the breezeless condition, wherein the purse set is made of polyethylene, and is 60m in length, 4m in height and 4cm in mesh, dense-net cylindrical polyethylene net pieces are sewn at the bottom of the purse net, the diameter of each dense net piece is 6cm, cobblestone are arranged in the dense net pieces as sinkers, the purse net is fixed into a closed circle through bamboo poles, the foot line reaches bottom mud, and the head line is exposed of the water surface by 80-100cm. The invention further provides a coordinated culturing mode and a specific method.

Description

Farmed as Main Species in Ponds yellow cartfish is raised together with other and eats feeding fish method
Technical field
The invention belongs to technical field of aquaculture, be specifically related to a kind of Farmed as Main Species in Ponds yellow cartfish and raise together with other and eat feeding fish method.
Background technology
Yellow cartfish aquaculture model is varied.Comparatively ripe at present, apply and wider support and several modes such as net cage monoculture for pond fish farming, pond cover.Yellow cartfish cover is supported mainly in four large Chinese carp adult fish ponds or shrimp crab, soft-shelled turtle pond and is carried out, and stocking rate is no more than 4500 tails/hm 2, per unit area yield is lower.Yellow cartfish intensive culture pattern mainly contains pond monoculture, or yellow cartfish master, support cover in pond and support silver carp with filter food algae, also have yellow cartfish master and support in pond and overlap and support a small amount of Shelled Turtle Trionyx Sinensis to obtain higher economic benefit, overlap foster Shelled Turtle Trionyx Sinensis and do not strive food with yellow cartfish, also the feed of not throwing something and feeding specially, only utilize the residual bait of yellow cartfish or pond Natural bait resources, therefore overlap foster Shelled Turtle Trionyx Sinensis quantity rareness.Other eats research report of feeding fish to have no up to now the foster pond polyculture of yellow cartfish master.Main cause is to raise together with eats feeding fish and can fight for feed with yellow cartfish.Yellow-head catfish feed protein content is high, and price is also high, if be worth not high other, eat feeding fish and robs food, can reduce the due transformation benefit of yellow-head catfish feed.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, the problem that the present invention need to solve, is in same breeding water body, to eat feeding fish to fight for yellow-head catfish feed problem, thereby affects yellow cartfish Zhu Yang pond unit cultivation efficiency.
Solving key technology of the present invention is to enclose mode with a kind of new net, pond yellow cartfish master is supported and can suit measures to local conditions to overlap the foster various feeding fishes of eating, pond culture capacity (being pond waters and various food resource) is fully utilized, can significantly improves yellow cartfish Zhu Yang pond unit cultivation efficiency.
The invention provides culture model is applicable to fishing breeding pond, yellow cartfish seed rearing stage and adult fish culture stage and all can uses.
The present invention is achieved through the following technical solutions:
Farmed as Main Species in Ponds yellow cartfish is raised together with other method of eating feeding fish, comprises that pond arrangement, pond disinfection and base manure uses and Nutrition Management; Concrete steps are as follows:
(1) pond arranges, sterilizes and fertilising: cultivating pool is cleaned up the pond in clear Chi Gu in the winter ridge, removes too much mud, and ridge height is 2-3m, by Exposure to Sunlight frost, make bed mud be full of cracks, promote organic oxidation in bed mud, late Febuary water inlet 10cm, uses quicklime 75-100kg/666M 2or chlorine bleach powder 10kg/666M 2thorough disinfection, kills harmful organisms and pathogenic bacteria and parasite, the 30cm of intaking after 10 days, every 666M 2the water surface is executed become thoroughly decomposed organic manure 100-200kg or superphosphate 15kg(and after mono-week, is put yellow cartfish seed in a suitable place to breed);
(2) purse seine setting: setting up purse seine in main kind of the yellow cartfish device for feeding fish bait the place ahead of breeding fish, is advisable in the region that makes bait that under calm condition, device for feeding fish bait is launched more than 80% fall into purse seine encirclement; Purse seine material is polyethylene, and long 60m, high 4m, mesh are 4cm, and the cylindric polythene net sheet of close net is made in purse seine bottom, close net sheet diameter 6cm, in it, filling cobblestone is as sinker, and purse seine is fixed into the circle of sealing with bamboo pole, infraclass enters bed mud, the exaggerated 80-100cm that surfaces of purse seine;
(3) device for feeding fish bait setting: each cultivating pool arranges two device for feeding fish baits, one is the special-purpose device for feeding fish bait of the main yellow cartfish of breeding fish, and another is for raising together with the special-purpose device for feeding fish bait of fish, and two device for feeding fish baits are in limit, pond positioned opposite;
(4) yellow cartfish seed rearing and adult fish culture:
1) cultivation of yellow cartfish seed
The cultivating pool retaining degree of depth is more than 1.5m, within after Water filling fertilizing 7-9 days, throws in the yellow cartfish seed of hatching 8 ages in days, and throwing in density is every 666M 21.5-2 ten thousand tails, full pool spilling head soya-bean milk, promotes plankton breeding in pond, every 666M 2water surface for aquaculture soya bean every day consumption is 1kg; Cultivate the yellow cartfish summer sporelings (of laminaria) that obtains 2-3cm length after 15-20 days, again yellow cartfish summer sporelings (of laminaria) feeding patterns is changed into along pond bank and establishes a food platform every 20-30m, food platform is arranged at the following 30cm of water surface place, it is 44% soft-shelled turtle powdery compound feed (purchased from Zhejiang Zhong great feed corporation,Ltd) that food is placed with protein content on platform, and consumption is 3-5kg/666M 2; Start to throw something and feed and reduce gradually food number of units amount in latter 15 days, and increase near daily ration, feeding quantity device for feeding fish bait, induction yellow cartfish summer sporelings (of laminaria) is to device for feeding fish bait bait throwing in region clustering; When yellow cartfish summer sporelings (of laminaria) grows to every tail 4-6g, No. 1 puffing granule compound feed of yellow cartfish (purchased from Yueyang Xin Hong feed corporation,Ltd) of throwing something and feeding, daily ration of feeding is the 2-5% of yellow cartfish body weight, divide and sooner or later throw something and feed for twice, with bait throwing in, eaten in 2 hours and be advisable, cultivate and make yellow cartfish body weight reach 20-30g/ tail after 120-150 days, be i.e. large specification yellow cartfish fingerling;
2) Yellow cartfish adult cultivation: the large specification yellow cartfish fingerling of step 1) gained was rendered to Yellow cartfish adult culturing pool at the beginning of 3 months, use 4-5ml/m before putting in a suitable place to breed 3compound iodine solution dipping bath yellow cartfish fingerling 20min carry out external sterilization, the cultivation density of controlling yellow cartfish is 10,000 tails/666M 2;
After large specification yellow cartfish fingerling lower storage reservoir, second day starts to tame and docile food, and step is: No. 1 puffing granule compound feed of a yellow cartfish of respectively throwing something and feeding before sunrise and after the sunset every day, and feeding volume is the 2-5% of yellow cartfish stocking rate, tames and dociles the early stage prolongation bait throwing in time of food; When yellow cartfish body weight grows to 50-60g/ tail, change No. 2 puffing granule compound feeds of yellow cartfish (purchased from Yueyang Xin Hong feed corporation,Ltd) of throwing something and feeding into until harvesting listing;
(5) daily management
Utilize the water quality of photosynthetic bacteria culture solution regulation and control cultivating pool, every 666M 2the formula of photosynthetic bacteria culture solution is: photosynthetic bacteria culture medium pulvis 88g, photosynthetic bacteria liquid 4kg, salt 560g, aeration running water 16kg;
By 80-100g/666M 2the full pond of aqueous solution of chlorine dioxide splash, the cultivation later stage in the bait throwing in region of yellow cartfish with the sterilization of bleaching powder hanging bag;
The every 3000-5000M of pond culture area 2a 1.5kW paddle aerator of configuration oxygenation (regulating the method for oxygenation is conventional method), regulating water quality, prevent breeding water body anoxic (technical parameter and the method that detect the dissolved oxygen of water body are conventional method, and according to the operational manual operation of aerator, aerator is for being purchased conventional products);
(6) raise together with cultivation and the management of fish
1) that puts cabrage 40-60g in a suitable place to breed in every mu of April raises together with silver carp 300 tails, with regulating water quality (utilizing biological adjusting naturally);
2) raise together with fingerling and select flathead, grass carp, black carp, megalobrama amblycephala, stick up mouth Culter, the nearly red Culter of black tail, Shelled Turtle Trionyx Sinensis, perch, channel catfish, snakehead, sturgeon class, catfish class and long-snout catfish, specification should be greater than 150g/ tail, can not pass purse seine mesh; Raise together with fish output and be controlled at 1000kg/666M 2in, the time of putting in a suitable place to breed is that yellow cartfish is tamed and dociled after having eaten and puts in a suitable place to breed;
3) raise together with 10 o'clock every mornings of fingerling feed of throwing something and feeding the 1st time, feeding volume accounts for 40% of whole day feeding volume, the feed of throwing something and feeding at 4 o'clock in afternoon the 2nd time, use the fingerling of feed depending on raising together with, for example: if raise together with grass carp, green fodder fence (method that fence is set is conventional method) can be set separately, be aided with green grass (for conventional water plants is pasture and water) feed, cultivation through 8-9 month obtains the Yellow cartfish adult that body weight is 100-150g, reaches harvesting requirement.
More detailed technical scheme is shown in < < embodiment > >
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1: the enclosure net structure schematic diagram that the present invention uses.
Fig. 2: purse seine setting and pond floor map that the present invention uses.
The explanation of Reference numeral:
1. bamboo pole; 2. sinker; 3. polyethylene screen cloth; 4. yellow cartfish device for feeding fish bait; 5. purse seine; 6. aerator; 7. other fish device for feeding fish bait.
Embodiment
Embodiment 1
1. pond arranges, sterilizes and fertilising
Pond cleans up the pond, disinfect according to the aquaculture sterilization conventional method of cleaning up the pond and process, and concrete steps are as described below:
In clear Chi Gu in the winter ridge, remove too much mud, the high 2-3m in the ridge, Exposure to Sunlight frost, makes bed mud be full of cracks, promotes oxidation operation in bed mud.Late Febuary water inlet 10cm, uses quicklime 75-100kg/666M 2or chlorine bleach powder 10kg/666M 2thorough disinfection, kills harmful organisms, pathogenic bacteria and parasite, the 30cm of intaking after 10 days, every 666M 2the water surface is executed become thoroughly decomposed organic manure 100-200kg or phosphate fertilizer 15kg, puts yellow cartfish seed after one week in a suitable place to breed.
2. purse seine setting
In main kind of the yellow cartfish device for feeding fish bait the place ahead of breeding fish, set up purse seine (structure is shown in Fig. 1), make the bait that under calm condition, device for feeding fish bait is launched more than 80% fall in purse seine enclosing region and be advisable.Purse seine adopts the nodosity polythene net cloth of long 60m, high 4m, mesh 4cm to make, and hanging ratio is 0.6/0.8, and purse seine length can suitably increase and decrease according to the area of throwing something and feeding of device for feeding fish bait; The cylindric polythene net sheet of close net is made in purse seine bottom, close net sheet diameter 6cm, and in it, the sizeable cobblestone of filling is as sinker.Purse seine is fixed into the circle of sealing with bamboo pole, infraclass enters bed mud (see figure 2).The exaggerated 80-100cm left and right of surfacing of purse seine.
3. device for feeding fish bait setting
Two device for feeding fish baits of pond operated by rotary motion, the yellow-head catfish feed of throwing something and feeding specially, another is thrown something and fed specially, and other raises together with fish feed.Two device for feeding fish baits divide and are arranged, and are generally opposite, pond and arrange (see figure 2).
4. yellow cartfish seed rearing and adult fish culture
(1) yellow cartfish seed rearing
The key of yellow cartfish seed rearing is to obtain sufficient open-mouthed bait and tame and docile food artifical compound feed.Yellow cartfish seed rearing comprises fry rearing and two stages of nurture of fish fingerlings.Fry rearing is spray to be cultivated into the summer flower fry of 2.5-3.5cm.Nurture of fish fingerlings is summer flower fry rearing to be become to the large size fingerling of 6-10cm.
The cultivating pool retaining degree of depth is more than 1.5m, within after Water filling fertilizing 7-9 days, throws in the yellow cartfish seed of hatching 8 ages in days, and throwing in density is every 666M 21.5-2 ten thousand tails, full pool spilling head soya-bean milk, promotes plankton breeding in pond, every 666M 2water surface for aquaculture soya bean every day consumption is 1kg, can suitably increase and decrease according to pond life amount.Cultivate and within 15-20 days, obtain the long small dimension summer sporelings (of laminaria) of 2-3cm; Again yellow cartfish summer sporelings (of laminaria) feeding patterns is changed into along pond bank and establishes a food platform every 20-30m, food platform is arranged at the following 30cm of water surface place, it is 44% soft-shelled turtle powdery compound feed (purchased from Zhejiang Zhong great feed corporation,Ltd) that food is placed with protein content on platform, and consumption is 3-5kg/666M 2, every day on a small quantity repeatedly; Start to throw something and feed and reduce gradually food number of units amount in latter 15 days, and increase near daily ration, feeding quantity device for feeding fish bait, induction yellow cartfish summer sporelings (of laminaria) is to device for feeding fish bait bait throwing in region clustering; When yellow cartfish summer sporelings (of laminaria) grows to every tail 4-6g, No. 1 puffing granule compound feed of yellow cartfish (purchased from Yueyang Xin Hong feed corporation,Ltd) of can throwing something and feeding, throwing is raised and is followed " four is fixed " principle, day feeding rate is the 2%-5% of yellow cartfish body weight, divide and sooner or later throw something and feed for twice, specifically can be according to situation adjustment such as weather, water temperature, water quality, with yellow cartfish in bait throwing in 2 hours, eaten and be advisable.Generally, through the cultivation of 120-150 days, the fingerling of yellow cartfish can grow to 20-30g/ tail, i.e. large specification yellow cartfish fingerling.
(2) Yellow cartfish adult cultivation
The large specification yellow cartfish fingerling of cultivating was thrown at the beginning of 3 months, before putting in a suitable place to breed, used 4-5ml/m 3compound iodine solution (purchased from Heng Daleiao bio tech ltd, Shanxi, aqua) dipping bath yellow cartfish fingerling 20min carry out external sterilization, the cultivation density of controlling yellow cartfish is 10,000 tails/666M 2, single step of releasing foot.Large specification yellow cartfish fingerling lower storage reservoir second day starts to tame and docile food, yellow cartfish happiness nocturnalism, select No. 1 puffing granule compound feed of a yellow cartfish of respectively throwing something and feeding before sunrise and after the sunset every day, feeding volume is the 2-5% of yellow cartfish injected volume, tames and dociles the early stage prolongation bait throwing in time of food; When yellow cartfish body weight grows to 50-60g/ tail, change No. 2 puffing granule compound feeds of yellow cartfish (purchased from Yueyang Xin Hong feed corporation,Ltd) of throwing something and feeding into until the listing of yellow cartfish harvesting.
5. daily management
The regulation and control of emphasis pond water quality.Select fine day noon, be advisable for water temperature 20-32 ℃, every photosynthetic bacteria microbial inoculum of 15 days full pool spilling heads, every 666M 2the formula of photosynthetic bacteria culture solution is: photosynthetic bacteria culture medium pulvis (production of Chengdu San Yang Scientific and Technical Industry Co., Ltd) 88g, photosynthetic bacteria liquid (Jiangxi scarecrow agricultural garden produces) 4kg, salt 560g, aeration running water 16kg; Photosynthetic bacteria culture solution is placed in the good white polyethylene Plastic Drum of light transmittance, with after plastic film sealing, cultivate at logical light place, should suitably shelter from heat or light noon in summer, make a barrel interior temperature be no more than 40 ℃, cultivate 3-7 days, open film and can smell slight stink, culture fluid becomes bronzing, obtains cultured photosynthetic bacteria microbial inoculum.
Emphasis is prevented and cured diseases.The aqueous solution full pool spilling head that monthly uses chlorine dioxide (purchased from Wuhan prosperous biotech development Co., Ltd, pulvis), consumption is 80-100g/666M 2; The cultivation later stage sterilizes by bleaching powder hanging bag in the bait throwing in region of yellow cartfish.
Patrol the pool every day, according to yellow cartfish and raise together with fish amount and adjust in time feeding volume, when weather worsens or the farming disease harms occurs, feed less or stop throwing something and feeding; The every 3000-5000M of pond culture area 2setting up a 1.5kW paddle aerator (is the product of conventional business purchase, press operation instructions operation), oxygenation in good time, regulating water quality, prevents anoxic (observation of the regulate and control method of oxygenation, correlation technique parameter is if the distribution situation of dissolved oxygen in water body is with reference to the textbook of aerator specification or existing aquaculture class, technical manual, science popularization works etc.); Find that the dead fish of disease fish pulls out in time, find the cause of disease, prevention and control in time.
6. raise together with cultivation and the management of fish
April every 666M 2that puts cabrage 40-60g in a suitable place to breed raises together with silver carp 300 tails, regulating water quality (utilizing naturally regulating of biology culture);
According to the market demand, suit measures to local conditions to select other to raise together with object.The suitable kinds such as object comprises flathead, grass carp, black carp, megalobrama amblycephala, sticks up mouth Culter, the nearly red Culter of black tail, Shelled Turtle Trionyx Sinensis, perch, channel catfish, snakehead, sturgeon class, catfish class, long-snout catfish of raising together with, raise together with fish specification and should be greater than 150g/ tail, can not pass purse seine mesh.Raise together with fish output and be controlled at 1000kg/666M 2in, after the tame and docile food that the time of putting in a suitable place to breed of raising together with fish has been yellow cartfish, put in a suitable place to breed;
Raise together with 10 o'clock every mornings of fingerling feed of throwing something and feeding the 1st time, feeding volume accounts for 40% of whole day feeding volume, the feed of throwing something and feeding at 4 o'clock in afternoon the 2nd time, use the fingerling of feed depending on raising together with, if raise together with grass carp, green fodder fence (conventional method) can be set separately, be aided with green grass (conventional method) and make the alternative feed of part.
6. harvesting
(1) yellow cartfish
Within 5-7 days before yellow cartfish harvesting, remove purse seine, harvesting is placed on limit, Yi Ce pond, yellow cartfish device for feeding fish bait opposite in advance by seine afternoon on the same day, draw in the net the first 30 minutes yellow-head catfish feeds of throwing something and feeding, yellow cartfish is lured to combine in when ingest in device for feeding fish bait bait throwing in region to start to draw in the net to surround and seize, and with a minute fish sieve, selects the marketable fish list marketing that reaches listing specification.
(2) other raises together with fishing for of fish
Due to less activity when stronger of yellow cartfish daylight, other can select harvesting when daytime, solar radiation was strong to draw in the net to fish for while raising together with fish, and now, yellow cartfish generally lives in seclusion at the bottom of pond, is difficult for online.Therefore, draw in the net harvesting daytime while raising together with fish, can not fish for a large amount of yellow cartfishs, very little on yellow catfish growing and survival rate impact.
(3) fish in full pond
To the end of the year, can do the pool, yellow cartfish is all fished for to listing together with raising together with fish.

Claims (1)

1. Farmed as Main Species in Ponds yellow cartfish is raised together with other method of eating feeding fish, comprises that pond arrangement, pond disinfection, base manure uses and Nutrition Management; It is characterized in that following steps:
(1) pond arranges, sterilizes and fertilising: cultivating pool is cleaned up the pond in clear Chi Gu in the winter ridge, removes too much mud, and ridge height is 2-3m, by Exposure to Sunlight frost, make bed mud be full of cracks, promote organic oxidation in bed mud, late Febuary water inlet 10cm, uses quicklime 75-100kg/666M 2or chlorine bleach powder 10kg/666M 2thorough disinfection, kills harmful organisms and pathogenic bacteria and parasite, the 30cm of intaking after 10 days, every 666M 2the water surface is executed become thoroughly decomposed organic manure 100-200kg or superphosphate 15kg;
(2) purse seine setting: setting up purse seine in main kind of the yellow cartfish device for feeding fish bait the place ahead of breeding fish, is advisable in the region that makes bait that under calm condition, device for feeding fish bait is launched more than 80% fall into purse seine encirclement; Purse seine material is polyethylene, and long 60m, high 4m, mesh are 4cm, and the cylindric polythene net sheet of close net is made in purse seine bottom, close net sheet diameter 6cm, in it, filling cobblestone is as sinker, and purse seine is fixed into the circle of sealing with bamboo pole, infraclass enters bed mud, the exaggerated 80-100cm that surfaces of purse seine;
(3) device for feeding fish bait setting: each cultivating pool arranges two device for feeding fish baits, one is the special-purpose device for feeding fish bait of the main yellow cartfish of breeding fish, and another is for raising together with the special-purpose device for feeding fish bait of fish, and two device for feeding fish baits are in limit, pond positioned opposite;
(4) yellow cartfish seed rearing and adult fish culture:
1) cultivation of yellow cartfish seed
The pond retaining degree of depth after step (1) is processed is more than 1.5m, within 7-9 days, throws in the yellow cartfish seed of hatching 8 ages in days, and throwing in density is every 666M 21.5-2 ten thousand tails, full pool spilling head soya-bean milk, promotes plankton breeding in pond, every 666M 2water surface for aquaculture every day is 1kg for grinding the soya bean consumption of soya-bean milk; Cultivate the yellow cartfish summer sporelings (of laminaria) that obtains 2-3cm length after 15-20 days, again yellow cartfish summer sporelings (of laminaria) feeding patterns is changed into along pond bank and establishes a food platform every 20-30m, food platform is arranged at the following 30cm of water surface place, and eating and on platform, being placed with protein content is 44% soft-shelled turtle powdery compound feed, and consumption is 3-5kg/666M 2; Start to throw something and feed and reduce gradually food number of units amount in latter 15 days, and increase near daily ration, feeding quantity device for feeding fish bait, induction yellow cartfish summer sporelings (of laminaria) is to device for feeding fish bait bait throwing in region clustering; When yellow cartfish summer sporelings (of laminaria) grows to every tail 4-6g, No. 1 puffing granule compound feed of yellow cartfish of throwing something and feeding, daily ration of feeding is the 2-5% of yellow cartfish body weight, divide and sooner or later throw something and feed for twice, with bait throwing in, eaten in 2 hours and be advisable, cultivate and make yellow cartfish body weight reach 20-30g/ tail after 120-150 days, be large specification yellow cartfish fingerling;
2) Yellow cartfish adult cultivation: the large specification yellow cartfish fingerling of step 1) gained was rendered to Yellow cartfish adult culturing pool at the beginning of 3 months, use 4-5ml/m before putting in a suitable place to breed 3compound iodine solution dipping bath yellow cartfish fingerling 20min carry out external sterilization, the cultivation density of controlling yellow cartfish is 10,000 tails/666M 2;
After large specification yellow cartfish fingerling lower storage reservoir, second day starts to tame and docile food, and step is: No. 1 puffing granule compound feed of a yellow cartfish of respectively throwing something and feeding before sunrise and after the sunset every day, and feeding volume is the 2-5% of yellow cartfish stocking rate, tames and dociles the early stage prolongation bait throwing in time of food; When yellow cartfish body weight grows to 50-60g/ tail, change No. 2 puffing granule compound feeds of yellow cartfish of throwing something and feeding into until harvesting listing;
(5) daily management
Utilize the water quality of photosynthetic bacteria culture solution regulation and control cultivating pool, every 666M 2the formula of photosynthetic bacteria culture solution is: photosynthetic bacteria culture medium pulvis 88g, photosynthetic bacteria liquid 4kg, salt 560g, aeration running water 16kg;
By 80-100g/666M 2the full pond of aqueous solution of chlorine dioxide splash, the cultivation later stage in the bait throwing in region of yellow cartfish with the sterilization of bleaching powder hanging bag;
The every 3000-5000M of pond culture area 2the oxygenation of a 1.5kW paddle aerator of configuration, regulating water quality, prevents breeding water body anoxic;
(6) raise together with cultivation and the management of fish
1) that puts cabrage 40-60g in a suitable place to breed in every mu of April raises together with silver carp 300 tails, with regulating water quality;
2) raise together with fingerling and select flathead, grass carp, black carp, megalobrama amblycephala, stick up mouth Culter, the nearly red Culter of black tail, Shelled Turtle Trionyx Sinensis, perch, channel catfish, snakehead, sturgeon class, catfish class and long-snout catfish, specification should be greater than 150g/ tail, can not pass purse seine mesh; Raise together with fish output and be controlled at 1000kg/666M 2in, the time of putting in a suitable place to breed is that yellow cartfish is tamed and dociled after having eaten and puts in a suitable place to breed;
3) raise together with 10 o'clock every mornings of fingerling feed of throwing something and feeding the 1st time, feeding volume accounts for 40% of whole day feeding volume, and the feed of throwing something and feeding at 4 o'clock in afternoon the 2nd time is used the fingerling of feed depending on raising together with, if raise together with grass carp, green fodder fence can be set separately, is aided with green grass as feed.
CN201310554849.9A 2013-11-10 2013-11-10 Method for mainly culturing yellow catfishes and carrying out polyculture on other feeding fishes in pond Expired - Fee Related CN103583431B (en)

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CN105594641A (en) * 2016-01-26 2016-05-25 钦州学院 Purse net for polyculture of fish and prawn
CN105660482A (en) * 2016-02-26 2016-06-15 安徽天邦饲料科技有限公司 Breeding method for increasing survival rate of yellow catfish fry
CN106259128A (en) * 2016-09-29 2017-01-04 南宁学院 A kind of method of raising in cage Pelteobagrus fulvidraco seed
CN106719123A (en) * 2016-11-23 2017-05-31 王桂红 A kind of organic megalobrama amblycephala enrichment procedure in lake
CN107258623A (en) * 2017-07-14 2017-10-20 马家富 A kind of cultural method of little yellow croaker

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CN106719123A (en) * 2016-11-23 2017-05-31 王桂红 A kind of organic megalobrama amblycephala enrichment procedure in lake
CN107258623A (en) * 2017-07-14 2017-10-20 马家富 A kind of cultural method of little yellow croaker

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