CN103564663B - Socks and preparing method thereof - Google Patents

Socks and preparing method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103564663B
CN103564663B CN201310446497.5A CN201310446497A CN103564663B CN 103564663 B CN103564663 B CN 103564663B CN 201310446497 A CN201310446497 A CN 201310446497A CN 103564663 B CN103564663 B CN 103564663B
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China
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socks
spandex
cotton
deformed
bamboo
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CN201310446497.5A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103564663A (en
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蔡京昊
方志财
胡立江
李俊
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浙江和也健康科技有限公司
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Abstract

The invention relates to a pair of socks and a preparing method thereof, in particular to the socks which can meet the requirement of thermal-wet comfort and have an anti-pilling function, and the preparing method of the socks. Sock heads and sock roots are made of bamboo fiber, cotton, special-shaped cross section polyester fiber, nylon and spandex, sock bodies are made of bamboo fiber, cotton, special-shaped cross section polyester fiber and spandex, wherein the materials are weighed in percentage by mass: the special-shaped cross section polyester fiber is 10-50%, the cotton is 5-60%, the bamboo fiber is 10-50%, and the spandex is 1-5%,the sock bodies comprise sock surfaces and sock soles at the bottoms of the sock surfaces, the diameters of capillary tubes in the materials are gradually reduced along the direction from the sock soles to the sock surfaces, the sock soles are of multi-layer eyed structures and comprise outer layers, middle layers and inner layers, the inner layers are used for being directly contacted with the skin and are blended yarns of special-shaped cross section polyester fiber and spandex, and the middle layers or/and the outer layers are blended yarns of special-shaped cross section polyester fiber, cotton, bamboo fiber and spandex. The socks have excellent thermal-wet comfort and the anti-pilling function.

Description

A kind of socks and preparation method thereof

Technical field

The present invention relates to a kind of socks and preparation method thereof, particularly relate to and a kind ofly can meet socks of hot wet migration demand and preparation method thereof.

Background technology

On socks product market at home, people were changed into more pay close attention to now comfortableness, aesthetic property and functional from being focused on warmth retention property in the past.The comfortableness of socks product and the health of human body closely related, if the comfort level of socks not only makes people feel in wearing process, various discomfort is if any sticky body sense, easily come off.From consumer angle, in the random searching of relevant department, many consumers represent that bought socks all exist the not good enough problem of comfort level, and the hosiery product of spring and autumn also generally has pilling phenomenon, have impact on the durability of aesthetic feeling in people's wearing process and product, therefore need to be improved.

CN201499608U(2010-6-9) patent discloses a kind of without plumage bamboo fiber sock, its socks body is made into by without plumage bamboo fibre, and stocking blank is by without plumage bamboo fibre and spandex is blended knitted forms.This socks only lean on and realize product not balling-up without plumage bamboo fibre, the function fast, fastness is strong that absorbs water is far from being enough.

CN202286326U(2012-7-4) patent discloses a kind of double-deck socks, material internal used is spun silk, and outside is cotton and spandex.Mainly reach skin effect by spun silk layer in invention, but the intensity of spun silk is low, therefore adopts double-layered structure to improve intensity.But it does not consider the hot wet migration of product, and the design of materials and structures all launches around spun silk, has certain narrow-mindedness and unicity.

Summary of the invention

An object of the present invention is to provide a kind of socks having excellent hot wet migration and have both anti-fuzz balls function.

Two of object of the present invention is to provide a kind of preparation method having excellent hot wet migration and have both the socks of anti-fuzz balls function.

First technical purpose of the present invention is achieved by the following technical programs:

A kind of socks, comprise stocking blank, undertoe, heel and be positioned at the socks body in stage casing, the material that stocking blank described in it adopts is bamboo fibre, cotton, polyester fibers having deformed section, the material that described undertoe and socks root adopt is bamboo fibre, cotton and polyester fibers having deformed section, polyamide fibre and spandex, and the material that described socks body adopts is bamboo fibre, cotton, polyester fibers having deformed section and spandex;

Wherein, described material is by quality: polyester fibers having deformed section 10%-50%, cotton 5%-60%, bamboo fibre 10%-50%, spandex 1%-5%;

Described socks body comprises socks face and is positioned at the stocking sole below socks face, and the capillary diameter of described material is tapered from the described stocking sole to direction, described socks face;

The described stocking sole is Multilayer Network ocular structure, the described stocking sole comprises skin, middle level and for the internal layer with direct skin contact, described internal layer is the mixed yarn of polyester fibers having deformed section and spandex, and described middle level is or/and skin is the mixed yarn of polyester fibers having deformed section, cotton, bamboo fibre and spandex.

Advantage of the present invention is:

1. capillary diameter is tapered from down to up, can improve the contradiction of measure wicking height and transmission speed.Along with the change that capillary in fabric construction is from coarse to fine, leading wet ability obviously increases and has one-way wet-guide performance;

2. adopt hydrophobic type water-release fibre to make nexine, hygroscopicity natural fiber makes top layer or the staggered method of two kinds of fibers, make full use of the quick liquid water transfer ability of hydrophobic type water-release fibre and meet the indeformable feature of water, make Water Transport channel unimpeded and fabric comfort property under taking into account low humid tropical condition, namely maintain the fine quality of fabric, there is again ventilative, absorbing sweat, quick-drying function;

3. the material adopting certain material to coordinate with part by weight is prepared stocking blank, undertoe, heel and is positioned at the socks body in stage casing, can strengthen gas permeability, improves anti-fluffing and anti-pilling effect, and the machinery improving socks product is powerful; Make socks product moisture-inhibiting hydrofuge more superior, and there is natural antibacterial and deodouring effect, and the elasticity of socks product and fit degree can be improved;

4. the present invention starts with from the aspect such as material, tissue, and design a kind of leisure functional compound socks product, these socks product can meet certain hot wet migration demand, and have anti-fluffing and anti-pilling performance.This product can improve the comfort level in the wet direction of heat, and the function of affix durability, make it more can meet consumer demand from now on, meet the trend of socks product future development.

As preferably, described cotton is without plumage combed cotton.

Cotton is without plumage combed cotton, reduces without plumage cotton wool plumage, and fabric resistance road tails off, and passage increases, and air permeable effect strengthens.The space of fabric is unobstructed, and rate of perviousness increases.Evenly dry without plumage sliver, fibre length is long, and filoplume amount reduces, and strengthens anti-fluffing and anti-pilling effect, and the machinery that can improve socks product is powerful.。

As preferably, described stocking blank is 1+1 rib construction structure, and described undertoe and socks root are flat needle structure, adopts 70D polyamide fibre to reinforce.

As preferably, described socks face is Multilayer Network ocular structure, described socks face comprises skin, middle level and for the internal layer with direct skin contact, described internal layer is the mixed yarn of polyester fibers having deformed section and spandex, and described middle level is or/and skin is the mixed yarn of polyester fibers having deformed section, cotton, bamboo fibre and spandex.

Preferably, the described stocking sole is or/and the skin in socks face is the latitude flat needle structure of 32s yarn braiding.

Preferably, the described stocking sole or/and socks face internal layer or/and intermediate layer 21s-45s yarn and adopt incomplete rib construction with change plain stitch be composited.

Preferably, the cross section of described polyester fibers having deformed section is triangle, cross, the one in hollow type.

Opposite sex cross section polyester fiber can improve gas permeability, the landing-gear design of product, improves resistance to soiling.

Preferably, the mass content of described polyamide fibre is 1%-3%.

Second technical purpose of the present invention is achieved by the following technical programs:

A preparation method for socks, it is obtained by following steps:

(1) fibre furnish: polyester fiber 10%-50%, cotton 5%-60%, bamboo fibre 10%-50%, spandex 1%-5%;

(2) dye: comprise successively turn over cloth, one side is singed, boil drift, sizing, mercerising, dispersion pad-dry-cure dyeing and Final finishing;

Described dispersion pad-dry-cure dyeing is two baths dyeing, first pads disperse dyes dye liquor at 175 DEG C-180 DEG C, then carries out drying, wax baking, reduction cleaning, washes, soaps, washes, dries; Pad reducing dye dye liquor again, then carry out reduction cleaning, washing, oxidation, wash, soap, wash, dry, pad chlorine again and wash promoting agent, oven dry, described disperse dyes are LXF series dyes, ETD is blue, ETD is red, SBL grey at least one, reducing dye is at least one in olive T, blue ARN, red R, black ES-SE, blue RSN, blue CLF, purple 2R;

Described to turn over cloth requirement unanimously positive and negative, and margin to seam is straight, requires flat, straight, neat, firm, and pin is close at 40-45 pin/15cm, and both sides are encrypted to 4-6 pin/cm, prevents from dyeing and printing process, produce wrinkle bar, skew of weft, crimping;

(3) doff: according to following combination doff: the material that stocking blank adopts is bamboo fibre, cotton, polyester fibers having deformed section, the material that undertoe and socks root adopt is bamboo fibre, cotton, polyester fibers having deformed section, polyamide fibre and spandex, and the material that socks body adopts is bamboo fibre, cotton, polyester fibers having deformed section and spandex;

(3) rib collar is knitted;

(4) socks are knitted: the stocking sole is Multilayer Network ocular structure, the described stocking sole comprises skin, middle level and for the internal layer with direct skin contact, described internal layer is the mixed yarn of polyester fibers having deformed section and spandex, and described middle level is or/and skin is the mixed yarn of polyester fibers having deformed section, cotton, bamboo fibre and spandex; Socks body comprises socks face and is positioned at the stocking sole below socks face, and the capillary diameter of described material is tapered from the described stocking sole to direction, described socks face;

(5) margin to seam;

(6) socks are scalded;

(7) finished product dispatches from the factory.

The advantage of preparation method of the present invention is:

1. the present invention starts with from the aspect such as material, tissue, and design a kind of leisure functional compound socks product, these socks product can meet certain hot wet migration demand, and have anti-fluffing and anti-pilling performance.This product can improve the comfort level in the wet direction of heat, and the function of affix durability, make it more can meet consumer demand from now on, meet the trend of socks product future development;

2. adopt hydrophobic type water-release fibre to make nexine, hygroscopicity natural fiber makes top layer or the staggered method of two kinds of fibers, make full use of the quick liquid water transfer ability of hydrophobic type water-release fibre and meet the indeformable feature of water, make Water Transport channel unimpeded and fabric comfort property under taking into account low humid tropical condition, namely maintain the fine quality of fabric, there is again ventilative, absorbing sweat, quick-drying function;

3. prior art generally only selects disperse dyes to carry out one-bath process, and color fastness is low, and affects feel; And dispersion pad-dry-cure dyeing of the present invention have selected disperse dyes and reducing dye, and coordinate with two bath dyeing, enhance the reduction cleaning in dyeing course, improve the chlorine washing fastness of fabric, and feel is not damaged; Further increase simultaneously and wash rear dimensionally stable.

Preferably, described bamboo fibre is bamboo pulp fiber or bamboo fiber;

Described bamboo fiber is obtained by following steps: select materials, and flattens, softening, fibrillation, boiling, pickling, bleaching, health;

Described softening employing microwave softened, bamboo wood after flattening is immersed in bating liquor, then the bamboo wood being soaked with bating liquor is sent in microwave vacuum tank, be evacuated to vacuum for-0.02MPa ~-0.001MPa, carry out microwave softened process again, microwave frequency is 300MHz ~ 950MHz, and microwave treatment time is 1 ~ 3min;

Described boiling method be the bamboo filamentary fibers of gained after fibrillation is placed in cooking liquor and repeatedly pressurize in pressurized vessel, decompression operation, bath raio is 3-5:1, and digestion time is 20-30min; Described cooking liquor is the sodium carbonate of 1-2g/L, the sodium hydrogen phosphate of 2-3g/L, the sodium metasilicate of 6-7g/L, the hydrogen peroxide of 8-10g/L and water composition;

Described health-preserving method be by bleaching after bamboo fibre send into health preserving room fermentation, described bamboo fibre stacking volume accounts for the 60-80% of health preserving room volume, and the temperature when described bamboo fibre heap center is 35-45 DEG C, and health completes.

The intensity of bamboo fibre is low, and particularly wet strong, general knitting bamboo pulp fiber wet breaking strength is only 1.41cN/dtex, with the blending with it of a certain proportion of high strength fibre, makes socks product firm; Fineness and the pliability of the bamboo fiber material adopting the present invention to prepare are high, and skin-friendly is good, has anti-fluffing and anti-pilling performance.

Accompanying drawing explanation

Fig. 1 is Sock structure schematic diagram of the present invention;

Fig. 2 is socks stocking sole using state schematic diagram of the present invention;

In figure, 1-stocking blank; 2-undertoe; 3-heel; 4-socks body; 41-socks face; The 42-stocking sole; 421-internal layer; 422-middle level; 423-is outer; A-sweat.

Detailed description of the invention

Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the present invention is described in further detail.

Embodiment one

As shown in Figure 1, socks comprise stocking blank 1, undertoe 2, heel 3 and are positioned at the socks body 4 in stage casing, stocking blank 1 adopt material be bamboo fibre, without plumage combed cotton and polyester fibers having deformed section, the material that undertoe 2 and heel 3 adopt is bamboo fibre, without plumage combed cotton, polyester fibers having deformed section, polyamide fibre and spandex, the material of socks body 4 employing is bamboo fibre, without plumage combed cotton, polyester fibers having deformed section and spandex;

Wherein, material is by quality: triangle section polyester fiber 35%, without plumage combed cotton 30%, and bamboo fiber 32%, spandex 2%, polyamide fibre 1%.

The stocking sole 42 that socks body 4 comprises socks face 41 and is positioned at below socks face 41, the capillary diameter of material is tapered from the stocking sole 42 to direction, socks face 41;

The stocking sole 42 is Multilayer Network ocular structure, the stocking sole 42 comprises outer 423, middle level 422 and for the internal layer 421 with direct skin contact, internal layer 421 is the mixed yarn of polyester fibers having deformed section and spandex, middle level 422 or/and outer 423 be polyester fibers having deformed section, mixed yarn without plumage combed cotton, bamboo fibre and spandex.

Stocking blank 1 is 1+1 rib construction structure, and undertoe 2 and heel 3 are flat needle structure, adopts 70D polyamide fibre to reinforce.Socks face 41 is Multilayer Network ocular structure, socks face 41 comprises outer 423, middle level 422 and for the internal layer 421 with direct skin contact, internal layer 421 is the mixed yarn of polyester fibers having deformed section and spandex, and middle level 422 is or/and outer 423 is the mixed yarn of polyester fibers having deformed section, cotton, bamboo fibre and spandex.The stocking sole 42 is or/and the latitude flat needle structure that weaves for 32s yarn of the skin 423 in socks face 41.The stocking sole 42 is or/and the internal layer 421 in socks face 41 is or/and intermediate layer 21s and 45s yarn and adopt incomplete rib construction to be composited with change plain stitch.

The preparation method of socks is:

(1) fibre furnish: triangle section polyester fiber 35%, without plumage combed cotton 30%, bamboo fiber 32%, spandex 2%, polyamide fibre 1%;

(2) dye: comprise successively turn over cloth, one side is singed, boil drift, sizing, mercerising, dispersion pad-dry-cure dyeing and Final finishing;

Described dispersion pad-dry-cure dyeing is two baths dyeing, first pads disperse dyes dye liquor at 178 DEG C, then carries out drying, wax baking, reduction cleaning, washes, soaps, washes, dries; Pad reducing dye dye liquor again, then carry out reduction cleaning, washing, oxidation, wash, soap, wash, dry, pad chlorine again and wash promoting agent, oven dry, described disperse dyes are LXF series dyes, ETD is blue, ETD is red, SBL grey at least one, reducing dye is at least one in olive T, blue ARN, red R, black ES-SE, blue RSN, blue CLF, purple 2R;

Described to turn over cloth requirement unanimously positive and negative, and margin to seam is straight, and require flat, straight, neat, firm, pin is close at 42 pins/15cm, and both sides are encrypted to 5 pins/cm, prevents from dyeing and printing process, produce wrinkle bar, skew of weft, crimping;

(3) doff: according to following combination doff: the material that stocking blank adopts is bamboo fibre, cotton, polyester fibers having deformed section, the material that undertoe and socks root adopt is bamboo fibre, cotton, polyester fibers having deformed section, polyamide fibre and spandex, and the material that socks body adopts is bamboo fibre, cotton, polyester fibers having deformed section and spandex;

(3) rib collar is knitted;

(4) socks are knitted: the stocking sole is Multilayer Network ocular structure, the described stocking sole comprises skin, middle level and for the internal layer with direct skin contact, described internal layer is the mixed yarn of polyester fibers having deformed section and spandex, and described middle level is or/and skin is the mixed yarn of polyester fibers having deformed section, cotton, bamboo fibre and spandex; Socks body comprises socks face and is positioned at the stocking sole below socks face, and the capillary diameter of described material is tapered from the described stocking sole to direction, described socks face;

(5) margin to seam;

(6) socks are scalded;

(7) finished product dispatches from the factory.

Bamboo fiber is wherein obtained by following steps: select materials, and flattens, softening, fibrillation, boiling, pickling, bleaching, health;

Described softening employing microwave softened, is immersed in bating liquor by the bamboo wood after flattening, and then sends in microwave vacuum tank by the bamboo wood being soaked with bating liquor, be evacuated to vacuum for-0.01MPa, carry out microwave softened process again, microwave frequency is 650MHz, and microwave treatment time is 2min;

Described boiling method be the bamboo filamentary fibers of gained after fibrillation is placed in cooking liquor and repeatedly pressurize in pressurized vessel, decompression operation, bath raio is 4:1, and digestion time is 25min; Described cooking liquor is the sodium carbonate of 1.5g/L, the sodium hydrogen phosphate of 2.5g/L, the sodium metasilicate of 6.5g/L, the hydrogen peroxide of 9g/L and water composition;

Described health-preserving method be by bleaching after bamboo fibre send into health preserving room fermentation, described bamboo fibre stacking volume accounts for 70% of health preserving room volume, when bamboo fibre heap center temperature be 40 DEG C, health completes.

The compound socks product parameter finally made is as follows:

As shown in Figure 2, the capillary diameter of material is tapered from the stocking sole 42 to direction, socks face 41; When wearing, sweat A transmits from the bottom up.Capillary diameter is tapered from down to up, can improve the contradiction of measure wicking height and transmission speed.Along with the change that capillary in fabric construction is from coarse to fine, leading wet ability obviously increases and has one-way wet-guide performance.

Embodiment two

With embodiment one, unlike polyester fibers having deformed section 50%, its cross section is cross; Without plumage combed cotton 18%, bamboo fiber 30%, spandex 1%; The mass content of polyamide fibre is 1%.

Embodiment three

With embodiment two, unlike polyester fibers having deformed section 10%, its cross section is hollow type; Without plumage combed cotton 32%, bamboo fibre 50%, spandex 5%; The mass content of polyamide fibre is 3%.

Embodiment four

With embodiment one, unlike the preparation method of socks

(1) fibre furnish: triangle section polyester fiber 35%, without plumage combed cotton 30%, bamboo fiber 32%, spandex 2%, polyamide fibre 1%;

(2) dye: comprise successively turn over cloth, one side is singed, boil drift, sizing, mercerising, dispersion pad-dry-cure dyeing and Final finishing;

Described dispersion pad-dry-cure dyeing is two baths dyeing, first pads disperse dyes dye liquor at 175 DEG C, then carries out drying, wax baking, reduction cleaning, washes, soaps, washes, dries; Pad reducing dye dye liquor again, then carry out reduction cleaning, washing, oxidation, wash, soap, wash, dry, pad chlorine again and wash promoting agent, oven dry, described disperse dyes are LXF series dyes, ETD is blue, ETD is red, SBL grey at least one, reducing dye is at least one in olive T, blue ARN, red R, black ES-SE, blue RSN, blue CLF, purple 2R;

Described to turn over cloth requirement unanimously positive and negative, and margin to seam is straight, and require flat, straight, neat, firm, pin is close at 40 pins/15cm, and both sides are encrypted to 4 pins/cm, prevents from dyeing and printing process, produce wrinkle bar, skew of weft, crimping;

(3) doff: according to following combination doff: the material that stocking blank adopts is bamboo fibre, cotton, polyester fibers having deformed section, the material that undertoe and socks root adopt is bamboo fibre, cotton, polyester fibers having deformed section, polyamide fibre and spandex, and the material that socks body adopts is bamboo fibre, cotton, polyester fibers having deformed section and spandex;

(3) rib collar is knitted;

(4) socks are knitted: the stocking sole is Multilayer Network ocular structure, the described stocking sole comprises skin, middle level and for the internal layer with direct skin contact, described internal layer is the mixed yarn of polyester fibers having deformed section and spandex, and described middle level is or/and skin is the mixed yarn of polyester fibers having deformed section, cotton, bamboo fibre and spandex; Socks body comprises socks face and is positioned at the stocking sole below socks face, and the capillary diameter of described material is tapered from the described stocking sole to direction, described socks face;

(5) margin to seam;

(6) socks are scalded;

(7) finished product dispatches from the factory.

Bamboo fiber is wherein obtained by following steps: select materials, and flattens, softening, fibrillation, boiling, pickling, bleaching, health;

Described softening employing microwave softened, is immersed in bating liquor by the bamboo wood after flattening, and then sends in microwave vacuum tank by the bamboo wood being soaked with bating liquor, be evacuated to vacuum for-0.02MPa, carry out microwave softened process again, microwave frequency is 300MHz, and microwave treatment time is 1min;

Described boiling method be the bamboo filamentary fibers of gained after fibrillation is placed in cooking liquor and repeatedly pressurize in pressurized vessel, decompression operation, bath raio is 3:1, and digestion time is 20min; Described cooking liquor is the sodium carbonate of 1g/L, the sodium hydrogen phosphate of 2g/L, the sodium metasilicate of 6g/L, the hydrogen peroxide of 8g/L and water composition;

Described health-preserving method be by bleaching after bamboo fibre send into health preserving room fermentation, described bamboo fibre stacking volume accounts for 60% of health preserving room volume, when bamboo fibre heap center temperature be 35 DEG C, health completes.

Embodiment five

With embodiment one, unlike the preparation method of socks

(1) fibre furnish: triangle section polyester fiber 35%, without plumage combed cotton 30%, bamboo fiber 32%, spandex 2%, polyamide fibre 1%;

(2) dye: comprise successively turn over cloth, one side is singed, boil drift, sizing, mercerising, dispersion pad-dry-cure dyeing and Final finishing;

Described dispersion pad-dry-cure dyeing is two baths dyeing, first pads disperse dyes dye liquor at 180 DEG C, then carries out drying, wax baking, reduction cleaning, washes, soaps, washes, dries; Pad reducing dye dye liquor again, then carry out reduction cleaning, washing, oxidation, wash, soap, wash, dry, pad chlorine again and wash promoting agent, oven dry, described disperse dyes are LXF series dyes, ETD is blue, ETD is red, SBL grey at least one, reducing dye is at least one in olive T, blue ARN, red R, black ES-SE, blue RSN, blue CLF, purple 2R;

Described to turn over cloth requirement unanimously positive and negative, and margin to seam is straight, and require flat, straight, neat, firm, pin is close at 45 pins/15cm, and both sides are encrypted to 6 pins/cm, prevents from dyeing and printing process, produce wrinkle bar, skew of weft, crimping;

(3) doff: according to following combination doff: the material that stocking blank adopts is bamboo fibre, cotton, polyester fibers having deformed section, the material that undertoe and socks root adopt is bamboo fibre, cotton, polyester fibers having deformed section, polyamide fibre and spandex, and the material that socks body adopts is bamboo fibre, cotton, polyester fibers having deformed section and spandex;

(3) rib collar is knitted;

(4) socks are knitted: the stocking sole is Multilayer Network ocular structure, the described stocking sole comprises skin, middle level and for the internal layer with direct skin contact, described internal layer is the mixed yarn of polyester fibers having deformed section and spandex, and described middle level is or/and skin is the mixed yarn of polyester fibers having deformed section, cotton, bamboo fibre and spandex; Socks body comprises socks face and is positioned at the stocking sole below socks face, and the capillary diameter of described material is tapered from the described stocking sole to direction, described socks face;

(5) margin to seam;

(6) socks are scalded;

(7) finished product dispatches from the factory.

Bamboo fiber is wherein obtained by following steps: select materials, and flattens, softening, fibrillation, boiling, pickling, bleaching, health;

Described softening employing microwave softened, is immersed in bating liquor by the bamboo wood after flattening, and then sends in microwave vacuum tank by the bamboo wood being soaked with bating liquor, be evacuated to vacuum for-0.001MPa, carry out microwave softened process again, microwave frequency is 950MHz, and microwave treatment time is 3min;

Described boiling method be the bamboo filamentary fibers of gained after fibrillation is placed in cooking liquor and repeatedly pressurize in pressurized vessel, decompression operation, bath raio is 5:1, and digestion time is 30min; Described cooking liquor is the sodium carbonate of 2g/L, the sodium hydrogen phosphate of 3g/L, the sodium metasilicate of 7g/L, the hydrogen peroxide of 10g/L and water composition;

Described health-preserving method be by bleaching after bamboo fibre send into health preserving room fermentation, described bamboo fibre stacking volume accounts for 80% of health preserving room volume, when bamboo fibre heap center temperature be 45 DEG C, health completes.

Embodiment six

With embodiment one, unlike polyester fibers having deformed section 15%, its cross section is rhombus; Without plumage combed cotton 60%, bamboo pulp fiber 20%, spandex 3%; The mass content of polyamide fibre is 2%, and socks face 41 is monolayer net ocular structure, is formed by weaving by the mixed yarn of polyester fibers having deformed section, cotton, bamboo fibre and spandex.

Below the rate of perviousness of socks and measure wicking height are detected:

(1) tester of poisture-penetrability and method

Fabric moisture-penetrability index is rate of perviousness.Rate of perviousness refers under fabric two sides exists the condition of constant water vapor pressure respectively, by the water vapour weight of fabric per unit area in the stipulated time.

Laboratory apparatus: this test adopts the computermatic fabric moisture transmission instrument of YG601-1 type.Test condition: be 38 DEG C in temperature, relative humidity is 90%, and air velocity is test under the condition of 0.3 ~ 0.5 m/s.Experimental technique: five samples all got by often kind of sample, all samples damping 24 hours in incubator before test.Loaded by hygroscopic agent in clean dry cup, hygroscopic agent loading height is apart from sample lower surface 3 ~ 4 mm place, and makes it become a plane.

Being faced up by the socks sample testing of embodiment one-embodiment six is placed on cup, loads onto packing ring and pressure ring, screws on nut, and composition test group is fit.Be placed on fabric balance by cup rapidly and weigh, recording quality, then builds.Load weighted cup is put into chamber, takes out after 1 h, claim its quality, record data.The most often organize the mass change before and after assembly moisture absorption.Utilize formula (3-1):

(3-1)

Wherein U is rate of perviousness, and G is the weight (mg) that after a period of time, hygroscopic agent increases, the disengagement area (cm of t to be sample storage time (min), A be steam 2).

Test result is in table 1:

Test result illustrates: rate of perviousness is large, and show that fabric is strong through the ability of steam, then poisture-penetrability is good, and therefore, the poisture-penetrability of fabric embodies the nice and cool performance of fabric.And the rate of perviousness of conventional common socks product is generally less than 19%.Illustrate that socks poisture-penetrability of the present invention is good, dress is nice and cool.

(2) test of measure wicking height

Wicking is the phenomenon that long-time movement can occur gas, liquid, solid joint on apparent gap.It characterizes the liquid transfer ability of fabric, and test index is measure wicking height h.

Laboratory apparatus: instrument is YG871 capillary effect tester.

Test condition: temperature 20 ± 0.5 DEG C, relative humidity 55 ± 5%.

Experimental technique: standard adopts FZ/ T01071-1999 " textile capillary effect test method ", with liquid in the scale mensuration stipulated time along the height gap of textile risen or immerse.Often kind of sample longitudinally gets 4, and the sample being of a size of 20 × 2cm hangs over experiment top, and lower end clip is fixed.Before test, sample to be placed in constant temperature and humidity incubator damping 24 hours; Choose rational data in test result, respectively calculating mean value, and ask for longitudinally average measure wicking height, as last test result.The lifting height of liquid level when this experiment measures 10 min, 30 min respectively.According to formula (3-2)

(3-2)

Wherein, H is sample measure wicking height, cm/30min, cm/10min.& #8721; H is the summation of each scale label, i=1,2,3,4,, n for experiment item number.

Test result is in table 2:

Test result illustrates: measure wicking height is higher, shows that socks are breathed freely, the function of absorbing sweat, quick-drying is better.And the measure wicking height h1(10min of conventional common socks product) cm is generally less than 2.2, measure wicking height h2(30min) cm is generally less than 6.5.Illustrate that socks of the present invention are breathed freely, the better function of absorbing sweat, quick-drying.

Below the anti-fuzz balls of socks is detected:

Detect according to GB/T4802.1-2008, testing result is in table 3:

Illustrate that the anti-fuzz balls performance of socks of the present invention is good.

This specific embodiment is only explanation of the invention; it is not limitation of the present invention; those skilled in the art can make to the present embodiment the amendment not having creative contribution as required after reading this description, as long as but be all subject to the protection of Patent Law in right of the present invention.

Claims (9)

1. socks, comprise stocking blank (1), undertoe (2), heel (3) and be positioned at the socks body (4) in stage casing, it is characterized in that: the material that described stocking blank (1) adopts is bamboo fibre, cotton and polyester fibers having deformed section, the material that described undertoe (2) and heel (3) adopt is bamboo fibre, cotton, polyester fibers having deformed section, polyamide fibre and spandex, and the material that described socks body (4) adopts is bamboo fibre, cotton, polyester fibers having deformed section and spandex;
Wherein, described material is by quality: polyester fibers having deformed section 10%-50%, cotton 5%-60%, bamboo fibre 10%-50%, spandex 1%-5%;
Described socks body (4) comprises socks face (41) and is positioned at the stocking sole (42) of below, socks face (41), and the capillary diameter of described material is tapered from the described stocking sole (42) to described socks face (41) direction;
The described stocking sole (42) is Multilayer Network ocular structure, the described stocking sole (42) comprises skin (423), middle level (422) and for the internal layer (421) with direct skin contact, the mixed yarn that described internal layer (421) is polyester fibers having deformed section and spandex, described middle level (422) or/and outer (423) be polyester fibers having deformed section, cotton, bamboo fibre and spandex mixed yarn;
Described socks are obtained by following steps:
(1) fibre furnish: polyester fiber 10%-50%, cotton 5%-60%, bamboo fibre 10%-50%, spandex 1%-5%;
(2) dye: comprise successively turn over cloth, one side is singed, boil drift, sizing, mercerising, dispersion pad-dry-cure dyeing and Final finishing;
Described dispersion pad-dry-cure dyeing is two baths dyeing, first pads disperse dyes dye liquor at 175 DEG C-180 DEG C, then carries out drying, wax baking, reduction cleaning, washes, soaps, washes, dries; Pad reducing dye dye liquor again, then carry out reduction cleaning, washing, oxidation, wash, soap, wash, dry, pad chlorine again and wash promoting agent, oven dry, described disperse dyes are LXF series dyes, ETD is blue, ETD is red, SBL grey at least one, reducing dye is at least one in olive T, blue ARN, red R, black ES-SE, blue RSN, blue CLF, purple 2R;
Described to turn over cloth requirement unanimously positive and negative, and margin to seam is straight, requires flat, straight, neat, firm, and pin is close at 40-45 pin/15cm, and both sides are encrypted to 4-6 pin/cm, prevents from dyeing and printing process, produce wrinkle bar, skew of weft, crimping;
(3) doff: according to following combination doff: the material that stocking blank (1) adopts is bamboo fibre, cotton, polyester fibers having deformed section, the material that undertoe (2) and socks root adopt is bamboo fibre, cotton, polyester fibers having deformed section, polyamide fibre and spandex, and the material that socks body (4) adopts is bamboo fibre, cotton, polyester fibers having deformed section and spandex;
(4) rib collar is knitted;
(5) socks are knitted: the stocking sole (42) is Multilayer Network ocular structure, the described stocking sole (42) comprises skin (423), middle level (422) and for the internal layer (421) with direct skin contact, the mixed yarn that described internal layer (421) is polyester fibers having deformed section and spandex, described middle level (422) or/and outer (423) be polyester fibers having deformed section, cotton, bamboo fibre and spandex mixed yarn; Socks body (4) comprises socks face (41) and is positioned at the stocking sole (42) of below, socks face (41), and the capillary diameter of described material is tapered from the described stocking sole (42) to described socks face (41) direction;
(6) margin to seam;
(7) socks are scalded;
(8) finished product dispatches from the factory.
2. a kind of socks according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described cotton is without plumage combed cotton.
3. a kind of socks according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described stocking blank (1) is 1+1 rib construction structure, and described undertoe (2) and heel (3) are flat needle structure, adopt 70D polyamide fibre to reinforce.
4. a kind of socks according to claim 3, it is characterized in that: described socks face (41) is Multilayer Network ocular structure, described socks face (41) comprises skin (423), middle level (422) and for the internal layer (421) with direct skin contact, the mixed yarn that described internal layer (421) is polyester fibers having deformed section and spandex, described middle level (422) or/and outer (423) be polyester fibers having deformed section, cotton, bamboo fibre and spandex mixed yarn.
5. a kind of socks according to claim 4, is characterized in that: the described stocking sole (42) is or/and the latitude flat needle structure that weaves for 32s yarn of the skin (423) of socks face (41).
6. a kind of socks according to claim 5, is characterized in that: the described stocking sole (42) or/and socks face (41) internal layer (421) or/and intermediate layer 21s-45s yarn and adopt incomplete rib construction with change plain stitch be composited.
7. a kind of socks according to any one of claim 1-6, is characterized in that: the cross section of described polyester fibers having deformed section is triangle, cross, the one in hollow type.
8. a kind of socks according to claim 7, is characterized in that: the mass content of described polyamide fibre is 1%-3%.
9. a kind of socks according to claim 8, is characterized in that: described bamboo fibre is bamboo pulp fiber or bamboo fiber;
Described bamboo fiber is obtained by following steps: select materials, and flattens, softening, fibrillation, boiling, pickling, bleaching, health;
Described softening employing microwave softened, bamboo wood after flattening is immersed in bating liquor, then the bamboo wood being soaked with bating liquor is sent in microwave vacuum tank, be evacuated to vacuum for-0.02MPa ~-0.001MPa, carry out microwave softened process again, microwave frequency is 300MHz ~ 950MHz, and microwave treatment time is 1 ~ 3min;
Described boiling method be the bamboo filamentary fibers of gained after fibrillation is placed in cooking liquor and repeatedly pressurize in pressurized vessel, decompression operation, bath raio is 3-5:1, and digestion time is 20-30min; Described cooking liquor is the sodium carbonate of 1-2g/L, the sodium hydrogen phosphate of 2-3g/L, the sodium metasilicate of 6-7g/L, the hydrogen peroxide of 8-10g/L and water composition;
Described health-preserving method be by bleaching after bamboo fibre send into health preserving room fermentation, described bamboo fibre stacking volume accounts for the 60-80% of health preserving room volume, when bamboo fibre heap center temperature be 35-45 DEG C, health completes.
CN201310446497.5A 2013-09-26 2013-09-26 Socks and preparing method thereof CN103564663B (en)

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