CN103478055A - Indoor industrial penaeus vannamei culture device - Google Patents

Indoor industrial penaeus vannamei culture device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103478055A
CN103478055A CN201310493856.2A CN201310493856A CN103478055A CN 103478055 A CN103478055 A CN 103478055A CN 201310493856 A CN201310493856 A CN 201310493856A CN 103478055 A CN103478055 A CN 103478055A
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China
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water
pond
foam
penaeus vannmei
pipe
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CN201310493856.2A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李向民
刘天密
蒲利云
李卫东
冯全英
杨明秋
符一凡
李高俊
王国福
骆大鹏
王蓉
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海南省水产研究所
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Priority to CN201310493856.2A priority Critical patent/CN103478055A/en
Publication of CN103478055A publication Critical patent/CN103478055A/en

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish

Abstract

The invention discloses an indoor industrial penaeus vannamei culture device which comprises a plurality of culture ponds, a water inlet pipe and a culture water circulation system, wherein the culture water circulation system comprises a sedimentation pond, a floatation pond and a biological filter pond; the floatation pond is internally provided with an aerobiotic device, an aeration device and a foam sewage discharge device; the foam sewage discharge device comprises a foam guide pipe and a sewage pipeline; the foam guide pipe has a plurality of foam guide holes; the biological filter pond is connected with both protein separator and sand filtering tank; one end of the sand filtering tank is connected with the biological filter pond, and the other end of the sand filtering tank is connected with one end of an ultraviolet sterilizer; the other end of the ultraviolet sterilizer is connected with the water inlet pipe. The indoor industrial penaeus vannamei culture device disclosed by the invention has the advantages of simple structure, convenience in use and low investment cost, can be used for effectively pushing water inside a penaeus vannamei pond to flow so as to ensure that the water inside the penaeus vannamei pond is in a stable rotational flowing state, can effectively solve the problem that the sewage of the penaeus vannamei pond is effectively discharged in time in a low circulation volume state, is uniform in aeration, improves the utilization ratio of water used for culture, reduces the sewage discharge and reduces the medicine application.

Description

A kind of Penaeus Vannmei indoor industrially breeding arrangement
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of indoor industrially-cultured device, especially a kind of breeding arrangement of Penaeus Vannmei indoor industrially.
Background technology
Penaeus Vannmei, also be called all prawns that receives, and is one of three large good high yield prawn culturing kinds of generally acknowledging in the world today.The characteristics that Penaeus Vannmei has eurythermic, eurysalinity, is applicable to high-density breeding, product marketing is good, these shrimp species are able to rapid popularization in the world, become at present the focus of World Aquaculture, no matter be seawater, Low-salinity seawater, or in fresh water, cultivation has all obtained significant benefit, and its cultured area, output, benefit are considerably beyond other aquaculture kinds.Yet, Penaeus Vannmei, particularly close shrimp is in traditional indoor culture process, due to residual bait, organic a large amount of accumulation such as parent shrimp excreta, and aeration is inhomogeneous, easily cause the generation of the local anoxic in the bottom or angle, pond and various diseases, therefore, when cultivating, need artificial cleaning bait residue and excreta in time, need a large amount of flowing water and aeration to alleviate the local anoxic of water body, consume a large amount of seawater, electric energy and labour, swill and excremental a large amount of discharge have also caused pollution in various degree to Sea Near, be unsuitable for the environmental protection of current promotion, energy-conservation, aquaculture new model cheaply.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of Penaeus Vannmei indoor industrially breeding arrangement, this apparatus structure is simple, easy to use, input cost is low, can effectively promote shrimp pond water flow inside flows, guarantee that shrimp pool water stream is in stable rotational flow state, can effectively solve the low timely and effective blowdown problem of internal circulating load state shrimp pond, aeration is even, raising breeding water availability, reduces quantity of wastewater effluent, reduces drug use.
To achieve these goals, technical scheme of the present invention is: a kind of Penaeus Vannmei indoor industrially breeding arrangement is provided, comprise several culturing pools and water inlet pipe, wherein, also comprise the aquaculture water circulatory system, water inlet pipe one end is connected with culturing pool, and the water inlet pipe other end is connected with the aquaculture water circulatory system; The described aquaculture water circulatory system comprises sedimentation basin, flotation tank and the biofilter connected successively; Be provided with oxygen-increasing device, aerator and foam blowdown apparatus in flotation tank, the foam blowdown apparatus consists of foam guiding tube and sewage conduct, and the foam guiding tube is provided with several foam bullports; Be provided with aqueduct between flotation tank and biofilter, aqueduct is provided with several water-guiding holes; Described biofilter all is connected with sandfiltration pot with protein separator, and sandfiltration pot one end is connected with biofilter, and the sandfiltration pot other end is connected with an end of ultraviolet sterilizer; The other end of ultraviolet sterilizer is connected with water inlet pipe.
Described each culturing pool bottom communicates by transverse drain, the transverse drain of each culturing pool bottom centre is equipped with the longitudinal drain pipe, the sealing of described longitudinal drain pipe upper end, the lower end of longitudinal drain pipe communicates with transverse drain, and the side of longitudinal drain pipe evenly is provided with several slits communicated with transverse drain.
Described each culturing pool is equipped with several aeration assemblies, and each aeration assembly comprises bending air entraining pipe, tracheae, gas charging stone and fan blower, and the tracheae upper end is connected with fan blower, and the tracheae lower end is connected with gas charging stone to be placed on and bends in air entraining pipe.
Described all bending air entraining pipes are located on the culturing pool inwall in the same way and equably.
This Penaeus Vannmei indoor industrially breeding arrangement also comprises cistern, diversion sedimentation basin and husky filter well.
Sunshade net is laid in described water body sedimentation basin top.
Penaeus Vannmei indoor industrially breeding arrangement of the present invention is simple in structure, workable, be a kind of aquaculture new equipment of energy-saving and environmental protection; Both can carry out fortification and the fine-variety breeding work of close shrimp, can carry out again the cultivation work of large specification shrimp seedling, this device can reduce labour in breeding process input, easy to operate, effect is remarkable.The culturing pool of native system device can effectively promote shrimp pond water flow inside and flow, guarantee that shrimp pool water stream is in stable rotational flow state, can effectively solve the low timely and effective blowdown problem of internal circulating load state shrimp pond, effectively control organic a large amount of discharges such as swill and excreta.And the water body that enters circulation is processed through precipitation, flotation tank aeration, biofilter and protein separator, then process through filtration and the ultraviolet sterilizer of sandfiltration pot, finally flow back to cultivation and reused.Improve the breeding water availability, reduce quantity of wastewater effluent, reduce drug use, promote the sustainable development of Penaeus Vannmei germplasm, seedling and aquaculture.
The accompanying drawing explanation
The plan structure schematic diagram that Fig. 1 is Penaeus Vannmei indoor industrially breeding arrangement of the present invention;
The syndeton schematic diagram of sedimentation basin, flotation tank and biofilter that Fig. 2 is Penaeus Vannmei indoor industrially breeding arrangement of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the interior schematic diagram that Penaeus Vannmei indoor industrially breeding arrangement of the present invention is single culturing pool;
The structural representation that Fig. 4 is the aeration assembly in Penaeus Vannmei indoor industrially breeding arrangement culturing pool of the present invention;
In figure: 1, water inlet pipe; 2, aeration assembly; 21, bending air entraining pipe; 22, gas charging stone; 23, tracheae; 24, fan blower; 3, transverse drain; 31, slit; 32, transverse drain; 4, oxygen-increasing device; 5, immersible pump; 6, sandfiltration pot; 7, ultraviolet sterilizer; 8, protein separator; 9, sedimentation basin; 10, flotation tank; 11, biofilter; 12, aqueduct; 13, water-guiding hole; 14, sewage conduct; 15, foam bullport; 16, foam guiding tube; 17, culturing pool.
Embodiment
For the technology contents that describes Penaeus Vannmei indoor industrially breeding arrangement of the present invention in detail, structural feature, below in conjunction with embodiment and coordinate accompanying drawing to be described further.
As shown in Figure 1,2,3, 4, Penaeus Vannmei indoor industrially breeding arrangement of the present invention, comprise several culturing pools 17, water inlet pipe 1 and the aquaculture water circulatory system, and water inlet pipe 1 one ends are connected with culturing pool 17, and water inlet pipe 1 other end is connected with the aquaculture water circulatory system; The described aquaculture water circulatory system comprises sedimentation basin 9, flotation tank 10 and the biofilter 11 connected successively; Be provided with oxygen-increasing device 4, aerator and foam blowdown apparatus in flotation tank 10, the foam blowdown apparatus consists of foam guiding tube 16 and sewage conduct 14, and foam guiding tube 16 is provided with several foam bullports 15; Be provided with aqueduct 12 between flotation tank 10 and biofilter 11, aqueduct 12 is provided with several water-guiding holes 13; Described biofilter 11 all is connected with sandfiltration pot 6 with protein separator 8, and sandfiltration pot 6 one ends are connected with biofilter 11, and sandfiltration pot 6 other ends are connected with an end of ultraviolet sterilizer 7; The other end of ultraviolet sterilizer 7 is connected with water inlet pipe 1.
Described each culturing pool bottom communicates by transverse drain 32, the transverse drain 32 of each culturing pool bottom centre is equipped with longitudinal drain pipe 3, described longitudinal drain pipe 3 upper end sealings, the lower end of longitudinal drain pipe 3 communicates with transverse drain 32, and the side of longitudinal drain pipe 3 evenly is provided with several slits communicated with transverse drain 31.Slit 31 guarantees to be suspended in suspensions such as each water layer swill, excreta of culturing pool upper, middle and lower etc. all can discharge culturing pool in time from slit.
Described each culturing pool 17 is equipped with several aeration assemblies 2, each aeration assembly 2 comprises bending air entraining pipe 21, tracheae 23, gas charging stone 22 and fan blower 24, tracheae 23 upper ends are connected with fan blower 24, tracheae 23 lower ends with gas charging stone 22, be connected be placed on the bending air entraining pipe 21 in.
Described all bending air entraining pipes 21 are located on the culturing pool inwall in the same way and equably.
This Penaeus Vannmei indoor industrially breeding arrangement also comprises cistern, diversion sedimentation basin and husky filter well.
Sunshade net is laid in described water body sedimentation basin top.
Before breeding water enters culturing pool 17 feed water inlets, first to pass through a series of strict processing, avoid pollutant and some harmful planktons to sneak in culturing pool.At first filtered by sand filter well, draw up to be placed in the water body sedimentation basin and precipitated 2-3 days, through fine sand and finger stone double medium filtration, enter cistern, but then carry out the cultivation work of Penaeus Vannmei through the last suction culturing pool 17 of disinfection by ultraviolet light.It is 2.8 meters that this device is used husky filter well head footpath, and the degree of depth is 5 meters, and husky filter well plays the effect of natural filtration; The sedimentation basin specification is 50 meters * 40 meters * 2.2 meters (long * wide * dark), and the sedimentation basin top covers sunshade net, in order to make planktonic algae in water be precipitated in the dark bottom.Fine sand and finger stone double medium filtration, the thickness of fine sand and finger stone is respectively more than 60cm, but the suspension of effectively catching minimal residue, thus make water obtain clarification.
This device adopts 12 concrete matter side/round culturing pools, four rows to be arranged in juxtaposition, and every 3 culturing pools are one group of circulatory system, each pool area 12m 2, the dark 1.5m in pond, single pond water body 18m 3, cultivate total water body 216m 3.Each Chi angle, pond is provided with a tangential water inlet, at pool wall, aeration assembly 2 with plug-flow effect, this Array selection Roots blower 24 is installed as air supply source, using the 110PVC pipe as the vent stack road, the 32PVC pipe of usining is connected to around culturing pool as the air feed branched pipe, connect bending air entraining pipe 21 and gas charging stone 22 after the punching of culturing pool inwall, tracheae 23 upper ends are connected with fan blower 24, tracheae 23 lower ends with gas charging stone 22, be connected be placed on the bending air entraining pipe 21 in, at the bottom of gas charging stone and pond, interval is about 5cm, and each culturing pool is installed approximately 12 of gas charging stones.
Under the normal circulation state, the water inlet current flow into culturing pool by water inlet pipe 1, adopt tangential water intake mode, can effectively promote shrimp pond water flow inside and flow, there is the aeration assembly 2 of plug-flow effect, be uniformly distributed in culturing pool, the bending air entraining pipe 21 of aeration assembly is arranged in the same way simultaneously, each pond is 8-12, to guarantee that shrimp pool water stream is in stable rotational flow state, so that the foreign material such as swill and excreta concentrate on the central blow-down mouth.The central blow-down mouth adopts on transverse drain 32 and connects longitudinal drain pipe 3, the 3 upper end sealings of longitudinal drain pipe, the lower end of longitudinal drain pipe 3 communicates with transverse drain 32, the side of longitudinal drain pipe 3 evenly is provided with several slits communicated with transverse drain 31, and the suspension of slit 31 each water layers of assurance can be discharged the shrimp pond in time.Tangential water inlet, aeration assembly and the longitudinal drain pipe with slit can effectively solve the low timely and effective blowdown problem of internal circulating load state shrimp pond.
Shrimp pond backwater flows into flotation tank 10 through sedimentation basin 9 preliminary sedimentations, the foam guiding tube 16 that be provided with foam bullport of foam in flotation tank produced directly enters sewage conduct 14, breeding water body after increasing foster device (to the water body oxygen supply), aerator (effect of aerator is that the viscous fluid in pond is produced to foam) and the processing of foam blowdown apparatus is entered in biofilter 11 by the aqueduct 12 of flotation tank 10 lower ends, carried out a biological disposal upon, water body after processing is extracted in sandfiltration pot 6 by immersible pump 5, after crossing ultraviolet sterilizer 7, flows back to culturing pool.8 is protein separator, and it is drawn water and carried out water treatment by biofilter, and the water body after processing flows back to again in biofilter, can open or close protein separator according to the situation of water quality, does not affect the system water mobile equilibrium.
Each culturing pool arranges independent drainage, and to meet pond blowdown demand, each pond all arranges evacuation port, adopts intubation way to control, and in pond, sewage enters outdoor sump through the dirt-discherging pipe manifold General Logistics Department, is unified externally to discharge after degradation treatment.
Embodiment:
This device utilizes indoor circulating water to carry out the cultivation of Penaeus Vannmei parent shrimp, during January 6 to 23 days Mays in 2012 in 2012, carries out close shrimp fortification and the culture experiment that accelerates the ripening, and has obtained good effect.
On January 6th, 2012, by the F that the shrimp of independently cultivating reaches more than 10 months age, build is normal, body weight reaches the 40g/ tail 1totally 600 pairs of parents, after disinfecting, move into indoor, male and female are separately carried out to the circulation cultivation, parent 120 tails are thrown in every pond, the depth of water remains on 0.8-1.0m, bait feeding be take and lived clam worm, oyster meat, new Fresh squid etc. as main, 20% left and right that day feeding volume is close shrimp body weight, and minute six timings are thrown something and fed.In cultivating process, avoid direct light to shine, with the low light level, for well, uninterruptedly inflate, water temperature changes at 26-28 ℃, the pH value is 7.8~8.2, sea water specific gravity 1.022, every day, aquaculture water systemic circulation amount was between 3-6 times, according to variation of water startup protein separator, every blowdown in 3 to 5 days once, and change fresh seawater 10 to 20cm.Through the approximately cultivation of 15 days, after most of parents all are suitable for indoor environment, carrying out parent accelerates the ripening, adopt the tweezers that burn to excise the one-sided optic stalk of female shrimp, carry out enriched nutritive, the fresh food amount of throwing something and feeding every day is 20% of close shrimp gross weight again, repeatedly checks the close shrimp situation of ingesting, adjust in time feeding volume, promote the Fast Growth of sexual gland to grow.Parent accelerates the ripening latter approximately one month, i.e. February 23, start to have the female shrimp gonad maturity of some, can be induced mating work.Check female shrimp gonad development situation noon every day, the female shrimp of all gonad maturities is fished for male shrimp and cultivates pond, induces mating, evening the close shrimp of mating is delivered to spawning pond and lays eggs, and fertilized egg is hatched under weak gaseity, after 6 hours~10 hours, can hatch the young.
By this device and above cultivating and managing method, the mating rate of the 1st month close shrimp has just reached more than 60%, and the flow control of laying eggs of every tail parent shrimp 1 month is 230,000~250,000, within the 2nd month, is 260,000~290,000, within the 3rd month, reaches more than 300,000.The close shrimp of 600 couple utilized carries out approximately within 4 months, accelerating the ripening cultivation, and result hatches nauplius and reaches 800,000,000 tails, and the close shrimp lethality of accumulative total is only 8% left and right.Obtain higher, comparatively stable egg laying amount, and the parent lethality is lower, obtains good cultivation effect.
This breeding arrangement or one energy-conservation, drop into that labor cost is low, the aquaculture new model of environmental protection.According to native system equipment, configure, during the water circulation system operation, the power of each group autonomous system aerator, immersible pump, ultraviolet sterilizer, protein separator and small pump is respectively, 0.1kw/h, 1.2kw/h, 0.12kw/h, 0.9kw/h and 0.9kw/h, and the about 4h of the every day operation of protein separator and small pump, therefore, total electric weight of every group of every daily consumption of autonomous system is 41.28 degree, local market valency by 0.6 yuan/degree is calculated, and every day, every group system input electric energy only was about 25 yuan; And whole cultivating system, when normally moving, only needs the just smooth complete operation of energy of a people, has saved labour's input; Each blow-off line all flows into sump and is unified degradation treatment externally discharge again, can not cause environmental pollution to surrounding waters.
Therefore, the breeding arrangement of Penaeus Vannmei indoor industrially of the present invention, have energy-conservation, labor cost is low, environmental protection and easy to operate characteristics, meets the requirement at vast aquaculture family.
Above disclosed is only preferred embodiment of the present invention, certainly can not limit with this interest field of the present invention, and the equivalent variations of therefore doing according to the claims in the present invention, still belong to the scope that the present invention is contained.

Claims (6)

1. a Penaeus Vannmei indoor industrially breeding arrangement, comprise several culturing pools and water inlet pipe, it is characterized in that: also comprise the aquaculture water circulatory system, water inlet pipe one end is connected with culturing pool, and the water inlet pipe other end is connected with the aquaculture water circulatory system; The described aquaculture water circulatory system comprises sedimentation basin, flotation tank and the biofilter connected successively; Be provided with oxygen-increasing device, aerator and foam blowdown apparatus in flotation tank, the foam blowdown apparatus consists of foam guiding tube and sewage conduct, and the foam guiding tube is provided with several foam bullports; Be provided with aqueduct between flotation tank and biofilter, aqueduct is provided with several water-guiding holes; Described biofilter all is connected with sandfiltration pot with protein separator, and sandfiltration pot one end is connected with biofilter, and the sandfiltration pot other end is connected with an end of ultraviolet sterilizer; The other end of ultraviolet sterilizer is connected with water inlet pipe.
2. Penaeus Vannmei indoor industrially breeding arrangement as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described each culturing pool bottom communicates by transverse drain, the transverse drain of each culturing pool bottom centre is equipped with the longitudinal drain pipe, the sealing of described longitudinal drain pipe upper end, the lower end of longitudinal drain pipe communicates with transverse drain, and the side of longitudinal drain pipe evenly is provided with several slits communicated with transverse drain.
3. Penaeus Vannmei indoor industrially breeding arrangement as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described each culturing pool is equipped with several aeration assemblies, each aeration assembly comprises bending air entraining pipe, tracheae, gas charging stone and fan blower, the tracheae upper end is connected with fan blower, the tracheae lower end with gas charging stone, be connected be placed on the bending air entraining pipe in.
4. Penaeus Vannmei indoor industrially breeding arrangement as claimed in claim 3, it is characterized in that: described all bending air entraining pipes are located on the culturing pool inwall in the same way and equably.
5. Penaeus Vannmei indoor industrially breeding arrangement as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that: this Penaeus Vannmei indoor industrially breeding arrangement also comprises cistern, diversion sedimentation basin and husky filter well.
6. Penaeus Vannmei indoor industrially breeding arrangement as claimed in claim 5, is characterized in that: described water body sedimentation basin top laying sunshade net.
CN201310493856.2A 2013-10-18 2013-10-18 Indoor industrial penaeus vannamei culture device CN103478055A (en)

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Cited By (16)

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CN103891670A (en) * 2014-04-11 2014-07-02 广东海洋大学 Intelligent automatic pollution discharge system of prawn intensive culture pond
CN104206331A (en) * 2014-09-11 2014-12-17 蒋有南 Ecological fish farming facility and process thereof
CN104255613A (en) * 2014-10-10 2015-01-07 常德家华水产科技有限公司 Method of freshwater aquaculture of Litopenaeus vannamei in net cage
CN104542380A (en) * 2014-12-22 2015-04-29 杭州萧山东海养殖有限责任公司 Shrimp culture method combining industrial circulation water pools and outdoor pools
CN104585113A (en) * 2014-12-30 2015-05-06 浙江海洋学院 Super-intensive breeding device with low circulation rate
CN104604782A (en) * 2015-02-27 2015-05-13 烟台泰华海洋科技有限公司 Three-dimensional industrial circulating water cultivation system
CN105393975A (en) * 2015-12-14 2016-03-16 中国水产科学研究院黄海水产研究所 Simple circulating water prawn culture pond water processing system
CN105580768A (en) * 2016-03-04 2016-05-18 重庆文理学院 Spiral zero-discharge litopenaeus-vannamei breeding system
CN105724304A (en) * 2016-03-04 2016-07-06 重庆文理学院 Layered fish and shrimp circulating water polyculture system
CN105850707A (en) * 2016-04-15 2016-08-17 中国水产科学研究院黄海水产研究所 Microalgae suspension device of prawn factory culture pond
CN105875395A (en) * 2016-04-15 2016-08-24 中国水产科学研究院黄海水产研究所 Method for constructing green alga phase in saline-alkali soil underground water shrimp industrial culture pond
CN105918171A (en) * 2016-04-29 2016-09-07 海南省海洋与渔业科学院 Indoor factory culture method and device for penaeus vannamei
CN106359221A (en) * 2016-08-31 2017-02-01 广东冠利海洋生物有限责任公司 Prawn factory culture system and culture method
CN106719252A (en) * 2016-12-23 2017-05-31 中国水产科学研究院黄海水产研究所 A kind of hardening pond high-density fish culture system and method for preposition water process
CN107360998A (en) * 2017-07-27 2017-11-21 广西壮族自治区水产科学研究院 A kind of method of Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low specific pathogen free parent shrimp rearing
CN108575834A (en) * 2018-04-11 2018-09-28 集美大学 A kind of method handling surface water and the method for preventing sea eel ich

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CN104206331A (en) * 2014-09-11 2014-12-17 蒋有南 Ecological fish farming facility and process thereof
CN104255613A (en) * 2014-10-10 2015-01-07 常德家华水产科技有限公司 Method of freshwater aquaculture of Litopenaeus vannamei in net cage
CN104542380A (en) * 2014-12-22 2015-04-29 杭州萧山东海养殖有限责任公司 Shrimp culture method combining industrial circulation water pools and outdoor pools
CN104585113A (en) * 2014-12-30 2015-05-06 浙江海洋学院 Super-intensive breeding device with low circulation rate
CN104604782A (en) * 2015-02-27 2015-05-13 烟台泰华海洋科技有限公司 Three-dimensional industrial circulating water cultivation system
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CN105850707B (en) * 2016-04-15 2019-08-30 中国水产科学研究院黄海水产研究所 A kind of prawn industrial cultivation pond microalgae levitation device
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Application publication date: 20140101