CN105724304A - Layered fish and shrimp circulating water polyculture system - Google Patents

Layered fish and shrimp circulating water polyculture system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105724304A
CN105724304A CN201610123021.1A CN201610123021A CN105724304A CN 105724304 A CN105724304 A CN 105724304A CN 201610123021 A CN201610123021 A CN 201610123021A CN 105724304 A CN105724304 A CN 105724304A
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culturing pool
pond
sedimentation tank
iii
tank
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CN201610123021.1A
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CN105724304B (en
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于慧
于芳
王书敏
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Chongqing University of Arts and Sciences
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Chongqing University of Arts and Sciences
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K63/00Receptacles for live fish, e.g. aquaria; Terraria
    • A01K63/003Aquaria; Terraria
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K63/00Receptacles for live fish, e.g. aquaria; Terraria
    • A01K63/04Arrangements for treating water specially adapted to receptacles for live fish
    • A01K63/045Filters for aquaria
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish

Abstract

The invention discloses a layered fish and shrimp circulating water polyculture system. The system is composed of a culture pond I (1), a culture pond II (3), a culture pond III (5), a culture pond IV (6), a settling pond I (8), a purifying pond I (10), a clear water pond I (11), a settling pond II (17), a purifying pond II (26) and a clear water pond II (23), wherein the culture pond I (1), the culture pond II (3), the culture pond III (5), the settling pond II (17), the purifying pond II (26) and the clear water pond II (23) are connected in series to form a penaeus monodon culture system, and the culture pond IV (6), the settling pond I (8), the purifying pond I (10) and the clear water pond I (11) are connected in series to form a tilapia mossambica culture system. The system mainly has the advantages that high-density culture of penaeus monodon is achieved; water purifying capacity is high, and drainage rate is low; synchronous culture of penaeus monodon and carnivorous fishes is achieved; separate control of fish and shrimp circulating water can be conducted easily.

Description

Stacked fish and shrimp recirculated water raises together with system
Technical field
Patent of the present invention belongs to aquaculture and water environment protection technical field, is specifically related to Penaeus vannamei industrial circulating water cultivating, is particularly suited for the high density recirculated water industrialized culture of shortage of land resource area Penaeus vannamei.
Background technology
Penaeus vannamei delicious meat, processes meat height, and suitable temperature range is wide, 18-32 DEG C of growth, can grow under salinity 1-40 ‰ condition, be a kind of excellent desalination cultivation kind.Penaeus vannamei growth is fast, and resistance against diseases is strong, has been increasingly becoming the main cultivation shrimp species of China.
But, along with the raising of the expansion of culture of Penaeus vannamei scale and cultivation density, the problem such as environmental pollution and economic constraints is day by day serious, strongly limit the development of culture fishery.Particularly in intensive aquaculture process, a large amount of residual bait feces are discharged in breeding water body, make the noxious substances such as ammonia nitrogen accumulate rapidly, cause that cultivation water worsens, and produce potential environmental pollution.In a very long time, the most efficient method solving water quality deterioration is to carry out draining in time to change water, but, the water consumption being only small-sized or medium-sized aquaculture system every day just reaches hundreds of side, and Penaeus vannamei often grows 1kg, at least needs the quantity of exchanged water of 20t.Therefore; by eliminating breeding water body pollutant based on the circulating water culture system of difference biological treatment pattern; development high density industrialized culture, accomplishes that economic benefit and environmental conservation Tong Bu develop simultaneously, it has also become the technical problem that culture of Penaeus vannamei is in the urgent need to address.
Summary of the invention
The present invention is directed to the habit of Penaeus vannamei and the product blowdown feature in Penaeus vannamei production process, it is proposed to a kind of stacked fish and shrimp recirculated water raises together with system.This cultivating system passes through ecology Technology design, effectively reduces Penaeus vannamei autotomy rate, has ensured the economic benefit of Penaeus vannamei batch production high-density breeding, and management is simple, it is achieved that breeding wastewater zero-emission.
The technical scheme of patent of the present invention is as follows:
Stacked fish and shrimp recirculated water raises together with system, it is characterised in that: described system is made up of culturing pool I (1), culturing pool II (3), culturing pool III (5), culturing pool IV (6), sedimentation tank I (8), clarifier-tank I (10), clear water reserviors I (11), sedimentation tank II (17), clarifier-tank II (26) and clear water reserviors II (23);Culturing pool I (1), culturing pool II (3), culturing pool III (5), culturing pool IV (6) are vertical characteristics structure, and culturing pool IV (6) is ground or semi-underground structure, and its elevation of top is lower than culturing pool III (5) elevation of bottom 0.5 meter;The elevation of top of culturing pool III (5) is lower than culturing pool II (3) elevation of bottom 0.5 meter, and the elevation of top of culturing pool II (3) is lower than culturing pool I (1) elevation of bottom 0.5 meter.
Stacked fish and shrimp recirculated water according to claim 1 raises together with system, it is characterized in that: water circulation system is two sub-prime blood circulation, namely, culturing pool I (1), culturing pool II (3), culturing pool III (5), sedimentation tank II (17), clarifier-tank II (26) and clear water reserviors II (23) culture of Penaeus vannamei system in series, culturing pool IV (6), sedimentation tank I (8), clarifier-tank I (10) and clear water reserviors I (11) tilapia cultivating system in series.
Stacked fish and shrimp recirculated water according to claim 1 raises together with system, it is characterized in that: culturing pool I (1), culturing pool II (3), culturing pool III (5), culturing pool IV (6) are circular configuration, diameter is 5.0 meters, circular aeration tube (25) and combined stuffing is all laid in pond, at the bottom of pond all with the gradient of 5% to centroclinal, deeply respectively 0.8 meter, 1.5 meters, 2.3 meters, 2.3 meters of pond;In pond, deep 0.3 meter of arranges overflow pipe I (2), overflow pipe II (4) respectively for culturing pool I (1), culturing pool II (3);Culturing pool I (1), culturing pool II (3), culturing pool III (5) Chi Di center set mudhole I (16), and be together in series by discharge pipeline I (27), controlled spoil disposal frequency and sludge volume by electromagnetic valve I (15), and discharge bed mud is drained into culturing pool IV (6);In pond, deep 0.3 meter of arranges overflow pipe III (28) to culturing pool III (5), and the overflow water outlet overflow of culturing pool III (5) is to sedimentation tank II (17), after sedimentation tank II (17), clarifier-tank II (26) purified treatment, circulating pump I (24) return culturing pool I (1).
Stacked fish and shrimp recirculated water according to claim 1 raises together with system, it is characterized in that: culturing pool IV (6) Chi Di center sets mudhole II (14), and drain into sedimentation tank I (8) by discharge pipeline II (29), controlled spoil disposal frequency and sludge volume by electromagnetic valve II (7), after sedimentation tank I (8), clarifier-tank I (10) purified treatment, returned culturing pool IV (6) by circulating pump II (12).
Stacked fish and shrimp recirculated water according to claim 1 raises together with system, it is characterized in that: sedimentation tank II (17) is the three vertical cascaded structures in pond, it is made up of lower pond (30), middle pond (31) and upper storage reservoir (32), lower pond (30), middle pond (31) and upper storage reservoir (32) are connected by flange (22), lower pond (30) is positioned at sedimentation tank II (17) bottom, middle pond (31) is positioned at sedimentation tank II (17) middle part, and upper storage reservoir (32) is positioned at sedimentation tank II (17) top;Lower pond (30), middle pond (31), upper storage reservoir (32) are highly 1.0 meters, by interior room (18), middle room (19), mistress (20) three part composition;Interior room (18) diameter 1.0 meters, height 1.0 meters, middle room (19) diameter 1.2 meters, height 0.7 meter, mistress (20) diameter 1.5 meters, height 1.0 meters;Interior room (18) hangs filler, and bottom is provided with centroclinal deflector, 60 ° of inclination angle;Bottom, middle room (19) is arranged installs discharge pipeline III (21) in the middle of bucket, 60 ° of bucket inclination angle, and bucket.
Stacked fish and shrimp recirculated water according to claim 1 raises together with system, it is characterized in that: the interior room of sedimentation tank II (17) Zhong Xiachi (30) connects with the mistress of Zhong Chi (31), the interior room in middle pond (31) connects with the mistress of upper storage reservoir (32), connects with clarifier-tank II (26) bottom the mistress of lower pond (30).
For ensureing that stacked fish and shrimp recirculated water raises together with the cultivation water yield that system is enough, culturing pool I (1) the fresh water of regular replenishment, day magnitude of recruitment be the 5%-10% that system cultivates total Water.
For ensureing good effects of purification quality, in clarifier-tank I (10) and clarifier-tank II (26), filter packing is set, filter packing is the gravel of particle diameter 30-50mm, and plants aquatic vegetable (9), and planting vegetable is water spinach, Herba Houttuyniae, Herba Apii, water-white dish etc..
The major advantage of patent of the present invention is as follows: (1), achieve the high-density breeding of Penaeus vannamei, is conducive to aquaculture management;(2), purification of water quality ability strong, discharge rate is low;(3), achieve Penaeus vannamei and predacious fish synchronization cultivation, improve bait utilization and culture benefit;(4), arrange two water circulation systems, be conducive to fish and shrimp recirculated water sub-prime to regulate and control.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is this system schematic, and Fig. 2 is A-A generalized section, in figure:
1-culturing pool I;2-overflow pipe I;3-culturing pool II;4-overflow pipe II;5-culturing pool III;6-culturing pool IV;7-electromagnetic valve II;8-sedimentation tank I;9-aquatic vegetable;10-clarifier-tank I;11-clear water reserviors I;12-circulating pump II;13-discharge pipeline IV;14-mudhole II;15-electromagnetic valve I;16-mudhole I;17-sedimentation tank II;Room in 18-;Room in 19-;20-mistress;21-discharge pipeline III;22-flange;23-clear water reserviors II;24-circulating pump I;25-circle aeration tube;26-clarifier-tank II;27-discharge pipeline I;28-overflow pipe III;29-discharge pipeline II;Pond under 30-;Pond in 31-;32-upper storage reservoir.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is this system schematic, and Fig. 2 is A-A generalized section.Below by specific embodiment, the present invention is specifically described; it is pointed out here that following example are served only for the present invention is further described; it is not intended that limiting the scope of the invention, the present invention can be made some nonessential improvement and adjustment according to foregoing invention content by the person skilled in the art of this area.
Embodiment 1 stacked fish and shrimp recirculated water raises together with the structure of system
(1) culturing pool I (1), culturing pool II (3), culturing pool III (5), culturing pool IV (6) are built.First building culturing pool IV (6), culturing pool IV (6) can build up ground type or semi-underground type, for Reinforced Concrete Structure;Then, upwards building culturing pool III (5), culturing pool II (3), culturing pool I (1) successively, culturing pool III (5), culturing pool II (3), culturing pool I (1) are steel plate structure, and its vertical characteristics is supported by steel frame.
(2) build sedimentation tank I (8), clarifier-tank I (10), clear water reserviors I (11), sedimentation tank II (17), clarifier-tank II (26) and clear water reserviors II (23), be Reinforced Concrete Structure;Sedimentation tank II (17) elevation of bottom is identical with the ground elevation of culturing pool IV (6), clarifier-tank II (26) elevation of top is lower than 0.5 meter of sedimentation tank II (17) top, and clarifier-tank II (26) top water inlet is connected with sedimentation tank II (17) bottom outlet, the entrance clarifier-tank II (26) so that current can flow automatically, ensure that 2.5 meters, sedimentation tank II (17) bottom is in floodage, in order to biological denitrification denitrogenation simultaneously.
(3) stacked fish and shrimp recirculated water is raised together with system and is made up of culturing pool I (1), culturing pool II (3), culturing pool III (5), culturing pool IV (6), sedimentation tank I (8), clarifier-tank I (10), clear water reserviors I (11), sedimentation tank II (17), clarifier-tank II (26) and clear water reserviors II (23);Culturing pool I (1), culturing pool II (3), culturing pool III (5), culturing pool IV (6) are vertical characteristics structure, and culturing pool IV (6) elevation of top is lower than culturing pool III (5) elevation of bottom 0.5 meter;The elevation of top of culturing pool III (5) is lower than culturing pool II (3) elevation of bottom 0.5 meter, and the elevation of top of culturing pool II (3) is lower than culturing pool I (1) elevation of bottom 0.5 meter.
(4) water circulation system is two sub-prime blood circulation, i.e. culturing pool I (1), culturing pool II (3), culturing pool III (5), sedimentation tank II (17), clarifier-tank II (26) and clear water reserviors II (23) culture of Penaeus vannamei system in series;Culturing pool IV (6), sedimentation tank I (8), clarifier-tank I (10) and clear water reserviors I (11) tilapia cultivating system in series.
(5) culturing pool I (1), culturing pool II (3), culturing pool III (5), culturing pool IV (6) are circular configuration, diameter is 5.0 meters, circular aeration tube (25) and combined stuffing is all laid in pond, at the bottom of pond all with the gradient of 5% to centroclinal, deeply respectively 0.8 meter, 1.5 meters, 2.3 meters, 2.3 meters of pond;In pond, deep 0.3 meter of arranges overflow pipe I (2), overflow pipe II (4) respectively for culturing pool I (1), culturing pool II (3);Culturing pool I (1), culturing pool II (3), culturing pool III (5) Chi Di center set mudhole I (16), and be together in series by discharge pipeline I (27), controlled spoil disposal frequency and sludge volume by electromagnetic valve I (15), and discharge bed mud is drained into culturing pool IV (6);In pond, deep 0.3 meter of arranges overflow pipe III (28) to culturing pool III (5), and the overflow water outlet overflow of culturing pool III (5) is to sedimentation tank II (17), after sedimentation tank II (17), clarifier-tank II (26) purified treatment, circulating pump I (24) return culturing pool I (1).
(6) culturing pool IV (6) Chi Di center sets mudhole II (14), and drain into sedimentation tank I (8) by discharge pipeline II (29), controlled spoil disposal frequency and sludge volume by electromagnetic valve II (7), after sedimentation tank I (8), clarifier-tank I (10) purified treatment, returned culturing pool IV (6) by circulating pump II (12).
(7) sedimentation tank II (17) is the three vertical cascaded structures in pond, it is made up of lower pond (30), middle pond (31) and upper storage reservoir (32), lower pond (30), middle pond (31) and upper storage reservoir (32) are connected by flange (22), lower pond (30) is positioned at sedimentation tank II (17) bottom, middle pond (31) is positioned at sedimentation tank II (17) middle part, and upper storage reservoir (32) is positioned at sedimentation tank II (17) top;Lower pond (30), middle pond (31), upper storage reservoir (32) are highly 0.8 meter, by interior room (18), middle room (19), mistress (20) three part composition;Interior room (18) diameter 1.0 meters, height 0.8 meter, middle room (19) diameter 1.2 meters, height 0.6 meter, mistress (20) diameter 1.5 meters, height 0.8 meter;Interior room (18) hangs filler, and bottom is provided with centroclinal deflector, 60 ° of inclination angle;Bottom, middle room (19) is arranged installs discharge pipeline III (21) in the middle of bucket, 60 ° of bucket inclination angle, and bucket.
The interior room of sedimentation tank II (17) Zhong Xiachi (30) connects with the mistress of Zhong Chi (31), and the interior room of middle pond (31) connects with the mistress of upper storage reservoir (32), connects with clarifier-tank II (26) bottom the mistress of lower pond (30).
(8) for ensureing that stacked fish and shrimp recirculated water raises together with the cultivation water yield that system is enough, culturing pool I (1) the fresh water of regular replenishment, day magnitude of recruitment be the 5%-10% that system cultivates total Water.
(9) for ensureing good effects of purification quality, in clarifier-tank I (10) and clarifier-tank II (26), filter packing is set, filter packing is the gravel of particle diameter 30-50mm, and plants aquatic vegetable (9), and planting vegetable is water spinach, Herba Houttuyniae, Herba Apii, water-white dish etc..
(10) culturing pool I (1) is put desalination in a suitable place to breed and is marked the shrimp Seedling after slightly, breeding density be 500-1000 tail/square metre, after culturing pool I (1) cultivates one month, it is transferred to culturing pool II (3) continues cultivation one month, finally being transferred to after culturing pool III (5) cultivates one month and sell, water temperature controls at 22-32 DEG C.
(11) water circulation path of Penaeus vannamei circulating water cultivation is: the water of culturing pool I (1) is through overflow pipe I (2) overflow to culturing pool II (3), then through overflow pipe II (4) overflow to culturing pool III (5), it flow to sedimentation tank II (17) through overflow pipe III (28), mud-water separation is carried out in sedimentation tank II (17), and gradually by good oxygen condition excessively to anaerobic condition, complete biological denitrification denitrogenation, sedimentation tank II (17) water outlet is from flowing into clarifier-tank II (26), with further stabilizing water quality, water after purification is stored in clear water reserviors II (23), and returned culturing pool I (1) by circulating pump I (24).
(12) water circulation path of tilapia circulating water cultivation is: culturing pool I (1), culturing pool II (3), the mud mixture of culturing pool III (5) enters culturing pool IV (6), the feeding habits feature making full use of tilapia improves bait utilization, the bed mud of culturing pool IV (6) is drained into sedimentation tank I (8) by discharge pipeline II (29), the bed mud of precipitate and separate discharges system through discharge pipeline IV (13), the supernatant of sedimentation tank I (8) is from flowing into clarifier-tank I (10), the aquaculture water that purified pond I (10) purifies is storage in clear water reserviors I (11), and returned culturing pool IV (6) by circulating pump II (12).

Claims (6)

1. stacked fish and shrimp recirculated water raises together with system, it is characterised in that: described system is made up of culturing pool I (1), culturing pool II (3), culturing pool III (5), culturing pool IV (6), sedimentation tank I (8), clarifier-tank I (10), clear water reserviors I (11), sedimentation tank II (17), clarifier-tank II (26) and clear water reserviors II (23);Culturing pool I (1), culturing pool II (3), culturing pool III (5), culturing pool IV (6) are vertical characteristics structure, and culturing pool IV (6) is ground or semi-underground structure, and its elevation of top is lower than culturing pool III (5) elevation of bottom 0.5 meter;The elevation of top of culturing pool III (5) is lower than culturing pool II (3) elevation of bottom 0.5 meter, and the elevation of top of culturing pool II (3) is lower than culturing pool I (1) elevation of bottom 0.5 meter.
2. stacked fish and shrimp recirculated water according to claim 1 raises together with system, it is characterized in that: water circulation system is two sub-prime blood circulation, namely, culturing pool I (1), culturing pool II (3), culturing pool III (5), sedimentation tank II (17), clarifier-tank II (26) and clear water reserviors II (23) culture of Penaeus vannamei system in series, culturing pool IV (6), sedimentation tank I (8), clarifier-tank I (10) and clear water reserviors I (11) tilapia cultivating system in series.
3. stacked fish and shrimp recirculated water according to claim 1 raises together with system, it is characterized in that: culturing pool I (1), culturing pool II (3), culturing pool III (5), culturing pool IV (6) are circular configuration, diameter is 5.0 meters, circular aeration tube (25) and combined stuffing is all laid in pond, at the bottom of pond all with the gradient of 5% to centroclinal, deeply respectively 0.8 meter, 1.5 meters, 2.3 meters, 2.3 meters of pond;In pond, deep 0.3 meter of arranges overflow pipe I (2), overflow pipe II (4) respectively for culturing pool I (1), culturing pool II (3);Culturing pool I (1), culturing pool II (3), culturing pool III (5) Chi Di center set mudhole I (16), and be together in series by discharge pipeline I (27), controlled spoil disposal frequency and sludge volume by electromagnetic valve I (15), and discharge bed mud is drained into culturing pool IV (6);In pond, deep 0.3 meter of arranges overflow pipe III (28) to culturing pool III (5), and the overflow water outlet overflow of culturing pool III (5) is to sedimentation tank II (17), after sedimentation tank II (17), clarifier-tank II (26) purified treatment, circulating pump I (24) return culturing pool I (1).
4. stacked fish and shrimp recirculated water according to claim 1 raises together with system, it is characterized in that: culturing pool IV (6) Chi Di center sets mudhole II (14), and drain into sedimentation tank I (8) by discharge pipeline II (29), controlled spoil disposal frequency and sludge volume by electromagnetic valve II (7), after sedimentation tank I (8), clarifier-tank I (10) purified treatment, returned culturing pool IV (6) by circulating pump II (12).
5. stacked fish and shrimp recirculated water according to claim 1 raises together with system, it is characterized in that: sedimentation tank II (17) is the three vertical cascaded structures in pond, it is made up of lower pond (30), middle pond (31) and upper storage reservoir (32), lower pond (30), middle pond (31) and upper storage reservoir (32) are connected by flange (22), lower pond (30) is positioned at sedimentation tank II (17) bottom, middle pond (31) is positioned at sedimentation tank II (17) middle part, and upper storage reservoir (32) is positioned at sedimentation tank II (17) top;Lower pond (30), middle pond (31), upper storage reservoir (32) are highly 1.0 meters, by interior room (18), middle room (19), mistress (20) three part composition;Interior room (18) diameter 1.0 meters, height 1.0 meters, middle room (19) diameter 1.2 meters, height 0.7 meter, mistress (20) diameter 1.5 meters, height 1.0 meters;Interior room (18) hangs filler, and bottom is provided with centroclinal deflector, 60 ° of inclination angle;Bottom, middle room (19) is arranged installs discharge pipeline III (21) in the middle of bucket, 60 ° of bucket inclination angle, and bucket.
6. stacked fish and shrimp recirculated water according to claim 1 raises together with system, it is characterized in that: the interior room of sedimentation tank II (17) Zhong Xiachi (30) connects with the mistress of Zhong Chi (31), the interior room in middle pond (31) connects with the mistress of upper storage reservoir (32), connects with clarifier-tank II (26) bottom the mistress of lower pond (30).
CN201610123021.1A 2016-03-04 2016-03-04 Stacked fishes and shrimps recirculated water raises together system Expired - Fee Related CN105724304B (en)

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CN106665423A (en) * 2016-11-30 2017-05-17 卢志旭 Separated artificial salmon breeding method
CN109804960A (en) * 2019-03-05 2019-05-28 大连海洋大学 A kind of bilayer cultivating system

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