CN204305862U - A kind of high-efficiency aquaculture system - Google Patents

A kind of high-efficiency aquaculture system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204305862U
CN204305862U CN201420675206.XU CN201420675206U CN204305862U CN 204305862 U CN204305862 U CN 204305862U CN 201420675206 U CN201420675206 U CN 201420675206U CN 204305862 U CN204305862 U CN 204305862U
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China
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water
pond
pasture
purification channel
area
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201420675206.XU
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李卫东
沈铭辉
王德强
王荣霞
刘庆明
王永波
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HAINAN ACADEMY OF OCEAN AND FISHERIES SCIENCES
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HAINAN ACADEMY OF OCEAN AND FISHERIES SCIENCES
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    • Y02P60/216

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Abstract

The utility model provides a kind of high-efficiency aquaculture system, and two ends, pond have delivery port and water inlet respectively, and purification channel is at least around pond water inlet and delivery port; The area of purification channel is 10 ~ 15% of pond, and plant in purification channel and be implanted with pasture and water, planting density is 1.5 ~ 2.5kg/m 2, pasture and water are positioned at 10 ~ 30cm under water.Whole system of the present utility model realizes complete material recycle, by control purification channel and fish pond area ratio, purify the density of pasture and water and the position etc. of pasture and water in channel, the poisonous and harmful substance that can realize fish pond generation is purified by pasture and water maximum absorption; Without the need to additionally carrying out upgrading sterilization to water body and changing water etc., greatly save cost and resource, avoided environmental pollution; Whole cultivating system adopts ecologic breeding, greatly reduces the incidence of disease, avoids medicine and causes in body residual, improve productive rate and the quality of aquaculture.

Description

A kind of high-efficiency aquaculture system
Technical field
The utility model relates to aquaculture field, is specifically related to a kind of high-efficiency aquaculture system.
Background technology
Aquaculture adopts culturing pool to carry out usually, and aquaculture pond is due to its closed, thus cause the water in pond to carry out Efficient Cycle, cultivate under such environment, the excreta of swill and fish cannot be discharged, and causes the water quality in culturing pool to become bad, acid-base value is unbalance, thus the water in pond can be caused seriously to be polluted, the time one long death even causing fish in pond, brings great loss to cultivation.Technical staff has carried out multiple improvement to aquaculture system.
Such as CN103329844 A discloses a kind of aquaculture water circulation cultivation system, comprise the culturing pool had at the bottom of pond, inclined-plane, the water inlet of described culturing pool connects the delivery port of water quality lower water temperature unit, and the delivery port of culturing pool connects the water inlet of water quality lower water temperature unit through sterilization sedimentation basin; Float in culturing pool and be provided with deflector, the waters of culturing pool is separated into the water channel of closed circulation by deflector, establishes water pump in water channel; The dirt colleceting area with sewage draining exit is provided with at the lowest part of culturing pool.The delivery port of the utility model by making the water inlet of the culturing pool had at the bottom of pond, inclined-plane connect water quality lower water temperature unit, the delivery port of culturing pool connects the water inlet of water quality lower water temperature unit through sterilization sedimentation basin; In culturing pool, be provided with the water channel that the waters of culturing pool is separated into closed circulation by deflector simultaneously, and water pump is established in water channel, be provided with dirt colleceting area at culturing pool lowest part, thus it is simultaneously clean to make cultivation pool inner water realize self-loopa, also makes breeding water achieve and recycles.This patent does not carry out incremental process to cycling use of water, and the effect of water treatment is bad.
And for example CN103518664A discloses a kind of circulating water culture system reusing aquaculture water and evolve, and comprise culturing pool, described culturing pool is connected by pipeline coarse filter, and the place that described coarse filter communicates with culturing pool is provided with grid; Described coarse filter is connected with smart filter tank by pipeline, is provided with purifying box in described smart filter tank; Described smart filter tank is connected with culturing pool by pipeline.After adopting said structure, the aquaculture system of this utility model is successively by coarse filter, smart filter tank, first stage precipitation tank, second-level settling pond and lower water temperature pond; First aquiculture recycled water is filtered, and then by chemical reagent, sterilization, contamination precipitation are carried out to cycle water; Finally by lower water temperature pond, temperature control is carried out to the cycle water through precipitation.This patent needs to adopt chemical disinfection, and multi stage precipitation etc., have certain pollution to environment, and floor space is large, waste resource.
Therefore, in order to solve problems of the prior art, be still badly in need of that research one economizes on resources, no pollution, low energy consumption, efficiently aquaculture system.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is to overcome deficiency of the prior art, provides a kind of high-efficiency aquaculture system, can realize the no pollution discharge of aquaculture, low energy consumption, have very strong stability and controllability.
The utility model is achieved in that
A kind of high-efficiency aquaculture system, comprise the complete pond of oxygen supply equipment and be arranged on the other purification channel in pond, one end, described pond is provided with delivery port, the other end is provided with water inlet, described water inlet and water outlet are equipped with water pump, and described purification channel is at least around water inlet and the delivery port (namely described purification channel is at least around 1/2 of pond) in connection pond, pond; The area of described purification channel is 10 ~ 15% of described pond area, and plant in described purification channel and be implanted with pasture and water, the planting density of pasture and water is 1.5 ~ 2.5kg/m 2, described pasture and water are positioned at 10 ~ 30cm under water.
Preferably, described purification channel encloses around pond one.
Preferably, the area in described pond is 0.5 ~ 20 mu, is more preferably 1 ~ 10 mu.
Preferably, the depth of water in described pond is 1.0 ~ 1.8m, is more preferably 1.2 ~ 1.5m.
Preferably, be provided with rack in described purification channel, described pasture and water are attached on rack.
Preferably, described pasture and water are positioned at 20cm under water.
Wherein, described pasture and water can be any one in the pasture and water that can purify water or multiple, such as, can be extra large calamus, Ptilota plumosa, Wild Vitis species, deer horn algae, pearl algae, flame algae etc.
Preferably, the cultivation density in described pond is shrimp 700 ~ 1300kg/ mu or fish 700 ~ 1000kg/ mu.
The beneficial effects of the utility model:
Whole system of the present utility model realizes complete material recycle, by control purification channel and fish pond area ratio, purify the density of pasture and water and the position etc. of pasture and water in channel, the poisonous and harmful substance that can realize fish pond generation is purified by pasture and water maximum absorption; Without the need to additionally carrying out upgrading sterilization to water body and changing water etc., greatly save cost and resource, avoided environmental pollution; Whole cultivating system adopts ecologic breeding, considerably reduces the incidence of disease, has very strong stability, avoiding because using the medicine such as antibiotic, hormone to cause in body residual, improving productive rate and the quality of aquaculture.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of high-efficiency aquaculture system described in the utility model.
Embodiment
With reference to the accompanying drawings, in conjunction with specific embodiments the utility model is described further, to understand the utility model better.
The utility model provides a kind of high-efficiency aquaculture system, with reference to Fig. 1, described high-efficiency aquaculture system comprises the complete pond of oxygen supply equipment 10 and is arranged on the other purification channel 20 in pond, one end, described pond is provided with delivery port 11, the other end is provided with water inlet 12, and described water inlet 12 and delivery port 11 place are equipped with water pump.Plant in described purification channel and be implanted with pasture and water 21.
Described purification channel 20 at least connects water inlet 12 and the delivery port 11 (namely described purification channel 20 is at least around 1/2 of pond 10) in pond around pond 10.In one preferably embodiment, described purification channel 20 encloses around pond 10 1.The water pumped through delivery port stays to both sides, and go out to converge at water inlet, purification of water quality is more thorough.
The area of described purification channel is 10 ~ 15% of described pond area, when the area purifying channel is less than 10% of pond area, the water quality of water inlet is failed up to standard, when the area purifying channel is greater than 15% of pond area, although the water quality of water inlet is more excellent, but floor space increases, comprehensive pond water quality actual demand and the aspect that economizes on resources are considered, the area purifying channel in the utility model is 10 ~ 15% of pond area.
The planting density of pasture and water is 1.5 ~ 2.5kg/m 2.When pasture and water density is greater than 2.5kg/m 2time, be unfavorable for the growth of pasture and water; When pasture and water density is less than 1.5kg/m 2time, although pasture and water growth is better, purification function reduces, and needs increase the area of purification channel, and comprehensive many-sided consideration, the planting density purifying pasture and water in channel in the utility model is 1.5 ~ 2.5kg/m 2.Purify in channel in one preferred embodiment and be provided with rack, described pasture and water are attached on rack.
Described pasture and water are positioned at 10 ~ 30cm under water.When the position of pasture and water is higher than 10cm, water flow resistance increases, and water increases the active force of pasture and water, pasture and water can be caused to crawl, be unfavorable for that pasture and water grow.When the position of pasture and water is lower than 30cm, purification of water quality is incomplete.Consider, pasture and water described in the utility model are positioned at 10 ~ 30cm under water, and under water 20cm time optimum.
Preferably, the area in described pond is 0.5 ~ 20 mu, is more preferably 1 ~ 10 mu.
Wherein, described pasture and water can be any one in the pasture and water that can purify water or multiple, such as, can be extra large calamus, Ptilota plumosa, Wild Vitis species, deer horn algae, pearl algae, flame algae etc.
Preferably, the cultivation density in described pond is shrimp 700 ~ 1300kg/ mu or fish 700 ~ 1000kg/ mu.When cultivation density is too low, pool space utilization is inadequate, causes the wasting of resources, when cultivation density is too high, is unfavorable for that aquatic products grows.
The high-efficiency aquaculture system adopting the utility model to provide carries out the cultivation of shrimp, concrete:
There is provided the pond that oxygen supply equipment is complete, pond area is 10 mu, depth of water 1.2m, and one end, pond is provided with delivery port, and the other end is provided with water inlet, and water inlet and water outlet are equipped with water pump.Purification channel encloses around pond one, and purification channel area is 15% of pond area, and be provided with rack in purification channel, extra large calamus is attached on rack, is positioned at 20cm under water, and extra large calamus density is 2kg/m 2(about 50 ~ 80 strains/m 2).
Drop into white leg Shrimp seedling 200,000 tails/mu.The water in pond is pumped into purification channel by the water pump of water outlet, and the water after the water pump of water inlet is cleaned by pasture and water pumps into pond, and the pump output being controlled pond every day by water pump is 0.5% of pond waters, and the amount of pumping into is 0.5% of pond waters; Culture shrimp is after 4 months, and dry pool harvesting, calculates the amount of having caught of Penaeus Vannmei.The results are shown in Table 1.
Comparative trial: provide the pond that oxygen supply equipment is complete, pond area is 10 mu, depth of water 1.2m, and throw in white leg Shrimp seedling 200,000 tails/mu, adopt traditional cultivating system to cultivate, the regulating and controlling water quality during cultivation adopts traditional approach.Cultivate dry pool harvesting after 4 months, calculate the amount of having caught of Penaeus Vannmei.The results are shown in Table 1.
The high-efficiency aquaculture system adopting the utility model to provide carries out the cultivation of blue spot grouper, concrete:
There is provided the pond that oxygen supply equipment is complete, pond area is 1 mu, depth of water 1.5m, and one end, pond is provided with delivery port, and the other end is provided with water inlet, and water inlet and water outlet are equipped with water pump.Purification channel encloses around pond one, and purification channel area is 15% of pond area, and be provided with rack in purification channel, Ptilota plumosa is attached on rack, is positioned at 20cm under water, and Ptilota plumosa density is 2kg/m 2(about 50 ~ 80 strains/m 2).
Drop into blue spot lithosporic fry 5000 tails/mu.The water in pond is pumped into purification channel by the water pump of water outlet, and the water after the water pump of water inlet is cleaned by pasture and water pumps into pond, and the pump output being controlled pond every day by water pump is 0.5% of pond waters, and the amount of pumping into is 0.5% of pond waters; Cultivation blue spot grouper is after 1 year, and dry pool harvesting, calculates the amount of having caught of blue spot grouper.The results are shown in Table 1.
Comparative trial: provide the pond that oxygen supply equipment is complete, pond area is 1 mu, depth of water 1.5m, and throw in blue spot lithosporic fry 5000 tails/mu, adopt traditional cultivating system to cultivate, the regulating and controlling water quality during cultivation adopts traditional approach.Cultivate after 1 year, dry pool harvesting, calculates the amount of having caught of blue spot grouper.The results are shown in Table 1.
Table 1 the utility model and traditional cultivating system comparison situation
As shown in Table 1, the survival rate adopting traditional regulating and controlling water quality mode to cultivate the output of Penaeus Vannmei is 72.36%, and the survival rate adopting aquaculture system of the present invention to carry out cultivating Penaeus Vannmei can reach 87.56%; The survival rate adopting traditional regulating and controlling water quality mode to cultivate the output of blue spot grouper is 73.66%, and the survival rate adopting aquaculture system of the present invention to carry out cultivating blue spot grouper can reach 83.48%.Adopt aquaculture system of the present invention to carry out cultivation and can greatly improve aquatic products survival rate, output improves greatly, and without the need to additionally carrying out upgrading sterilization to water body and changing water etc., has greatly saved cost and resource, avoided environmental pollution; Whole cultivating system adopts ecologic breeding, considerably reducing the incidence of disease, there is very strong stability, avoiding because using the medicine such as antibiotic, hormone to cause in body residual, improve productive rate and the quality of aquaculture, bring good economic benefit to raiser.
Be described in detail specific embodiment of the utility model above, but it is just as example, the utility model is not restricted to specific embodiment described above.To those skilled in the art, any equivalent modifications that the utility model is carried out and substituting also all among category of the present utility model.Therefore, not departing from the equalization conversion and amendment done under spirit and scope of the present utility model, all should be encompassed in scope of the present utility model.

Claims (7)

1. a high-efficiency aquaculture system, it is characterized in that, comprise the complete pond of oxygen supply equipment and be arranged on the other purification channel in pond, one end, described pond is provided with delivery port, the other end is provided with water inlet, described water inlet and water outlet are equipped with water pump, and described purification channel is at least around water inlet and the delivery port in connection pond, pond; The area of described purification channel is 10 ~ 15% of described pond area, and plant in described purification channel and be implanted with pasture and water, the planting density of pasture and water is 1.5 ~ 2.5kg/m 2, described pasture and water are positioned at 10 ~ 30cm under water.
2. high-efficiency aquaculture system according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described purification channel encloses around pond one.
3. high-efficiency aquaculture system according to claim 1, is characterized in that, the area in described pond is 0.5 ~ 20 mu, the depth of water 1.0 ~ 1.8m.
4. high-efficiency aquaculture system according to claim 3, is characterized in that, the area in described pond is 1 ~ 10 mu, the depth of water 1.2 ~ 1.5m.
5. high-efficiency aquaculture system according to claim 1, is characterized in that, be provided with rack in described purification channel, described pasture and water are attached on rack.
6. high-efficiency aquaculture system according to claim 1 or 5, it is characterized in that, described pasture and water are positioned at 20cm under water.
7. high-efficiency aquaculture system according to claim 1, is characterized in that, the cultivation density in described pond is shrimp 700 ~ 1300kg/ mu or fish 700 ~ 1000kg/ mu.
CN201420675206.XU 2014-11-12 2014-11-12 A kind of high-efficiency aquaculture system Expired - Fee Related CN204305862U (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104430125A (en) * 2014-11-12 2015-03-25 海南省海洋与渔业科学院 Efficient aquaculture system and method
CN105613249A (en) * 2016-03-12 2016-06-01 林允杜 Floating weed planting device for improving fish pond environment and manufacturing method thereof
CN109042464A (en) * 2018-09-13 2018-12-21 天津市益多利来水产养殖有限公司 A kind of aquaculture device

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104430125A (en) * 2014-11-12 2015-03-25 海南省海洋与渔业科学院 Efficient aquaculture system and method
CN105613249A (en) * 2016-03-12 2016-06-01 林允杜 Floating weed planting device for improving fish pond environment and manufacturing method thereof
CN109042464A (en) * 2018-09-13 2018-12-21 天津市益多利来水产养殖有限公司 A kind of aquaculture device

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20150506

Termination date: 20151112