CN103452074B - Efficient energy-saving snow sweeper - Google Patents

Efficient energy-saving snow sweeper Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN103452074B
CN103452074B CN201310457549.9A CN201310457549A CN103452074B CN 103452074 B CN103452074 B CN 103452074B CN 201310457549 A CN201310457549 A CN 201310457549A CN 103452074 B CN103452074 B CN 103452074B
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
snow
rotating cylinder
type
brush
vehicle
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
CN201310457549.9A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN103452074A (en
Inventor
邓韬
林建辉
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Changzhou road boat track traffic Science and Technology Ltd.
Original Assignee
林建辉
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 林建辉 filed Critical 林建辉
Priority to CN201310457549.9A priority Critical patent/CN103452074B/en
Publication of CN103452074A publication Critical patent/CN103452074A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN103452074B publication Critical patent/CN103452074B/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Abstract

The invention discloses an efficient energy-saving snow sweeper and mainly solves the problems that the existing snow sweeper is low in sweeping efficiency and poor in effect and the like. The efficient energy-saving snow sweeper comprises a sweeper head and a sweeper body. The sweeper head comprises a front-open snow collection hopper, a front ice breaker, a snow thrower, and a power system, wherein the front ice breaker locating at the front end of the snow collection hopper is rotatably connected with the snow collection hopper, the snow thrower communicated with the snow collection hopper is disposed at the rear end of the snow collection hopper, and the power system powers the sweeper head to operate. A thermal turbine snow blower used for blowing accumulated snow on rails is detachably connected to the bottom of the sweeper body. A pneumatic rotary deicing device and a moisturizing antifreezing solution applicator are further disposed at the top of the sweeper body. The efficient energy-saving snow sweeper is reasonable in design and compact in structure, is far more efficient and effective than the existing all snow sweepers in sweeping. Therefore, the efficient energy-saving snow sweeper is suitable for popularization and application.

Description

A kind of high-efficiency and energy-saving type snow removing vehicle
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of snow removing equipment for high ferro circuit, specifically, relate to a kind of high-efficiency and energy-saving type snow removing vehicle.
Background technology
High ferro circuit generally adopts non-fragment orbit, and it adopts integrated sleeper bed or monolithic railway roadbed, and do not have independent sleeper, track is relatively stable.The track accumulated snow eliminating of high ferro circuit is the difficult problem of the art always, and existing snow removing vehicle is generally the structure design of extensive style, has certain effect to the large-area accumulated snow snow removing of orbital plane.Mainly there is following defect in existing snow removing vehicle: one, low, the snow removing of efficiency of cleaning snow not to the utmost, be difficult to the defect of the non-fragment orbit being applicable to high ferro circuit; Two, the angle of shedding after accumulated snow collection is generally changeless, very easily leads the problem causing the part way accumulated snow of curb line to shed difficulty; Three, for the place that track interval, snow removing equipment cannot touch, the removal effect of the residual accumulated snow especially between sleeper is not good enough.
On the other hand, the contact net of Along Railway is the important component part of electric railway, is a kind of special power line, is erected at above railway, motorcycle pantograph and its friction powered, for electric locomotive provides electric energy.Mainly there is following defect in contact net icing: 1, overload accident, and namely the actual icing of circuit exceedes the maximum ice covering thickness of design, and power line quality increases, and after icing, wind area increases, and exceeds the tolerance range of shaft tower, and causes machinery or electric fault; 2, uneven icing or do not deice the same period cause adjacent across Tension Difference, also may cause machinery and electrical hazard; 3, insulator string icing is too much, and cause the reduction of insulator string electric property, leakage distance shortening, cause insulation network, even insulator string is breakdown; 4, uneven icing makes wire produce self-oscillation and wave, and causes wire strand breakage and shaft tower to tilt or collapse accident.Therefore, while snow removing, be also an important operation to the deicing of contact net.
In prior art, the method more common to the deicing of contact net has: 1, artificial removing method.The method is the de-icing method of current domestic overhead transmission line and the common employing of contact net, and it mainly impacts the simple and crude measure removal ice and snow such as operation by manually knocking and/or locomotive is installed copper bow, and which is the simplest, is also de-icing method the earliest; But need to take a large amount of manpower and materials, elapsed time is long, and deicing efficiency is low, and deicing effect is not good enough yet, through often again there is icing after deicing, and there is certain risk.And when there is icing phenomenon, often ambient conditions is comparatively severe, artificial deicing just becomes very inconvenience; 2, contact net heat cunning method.By the icing situation of line inspection personal observations contact net before operation, judge the order of severity of icing, if icing reaches the warning value needing deicing, then start deicing, locomotive, by pantograph power taking from network, makes pantograph and contact wire friction in the mode of coasting, eliminates icing.The method has certain infringement to contact net, can not eliminate icing completely, and and be not suitable for remote mountain area; 3, resistive silk adds electrothermal ice detachment.France's Alstom, HIT utilize the feature development of built-in insulation resistance wire contact wire contact net deicing system (to draw and connect power supply to power supply disks, heater strip in contact wire is connected to from power supply disks, the copper contact surface of heater strip and contact net lines is communicated with in icing segment ends, and flow back to power supply by copper contact surface, form loop), and be applied in Japan, France, Korea S, the Harbin-Dalian railway line of the railway system of Britain and China, Harbin subway.Although the contact net deicing scheme that this project adopts can reach the object of deicing in theory, but this defrosting device is also not nearly enough good on elimination effect, elimination efficiency, to greatly enhancing how according to also lacking successful Application experience and corresponding Regulations in meteorological condition, ice covering thickness and ice melting current and ice-melt time etc. under line, inapplicable for this mode both wired particularly built applied to high-speed railway touching net.Especially in China's Harbin-Dalian railway line, particularly southern sleet location, often occur the EMUs of the fall-back because contact net freezes, serious directly causes withdrawal of train.
Meanwhile, be a kind of ice control of active to the prevention of contact net icing, namely on contact wire, smear antifreezing agent, the thinking of this kind of mode knows by after generation sleet weather according to weather forecast, use antifreezing agent coating contact wire in advance, freeze to prevent contact wire.Smear anti-icing fluid to contact net mainly to apply relevant anti-icing fluid and smear equipment, as: Bremen, Germany tram company uses the overhead route of STEMMANN TECHNIK company to smear equipment and is coated with antifreezing agent to contact wire; This is smeared equipment and is made up of two parts: one of them pneumatic shuttle parts is arranged on a fixed frame of rail vehicle inside, another parts are additional roof pantograph application device, its draw runner is replaced by a lubricating arrangement, its major function is rolled and spreads upon in contact wire by antifreeze glycerine equably, in order to prevent contact wire icing.This equipment of smearing generally in the previous day of likely causing contact wire icing when forecast, can be smeared contact wire.But mainly also there is following defect in above-mentioned equipment of smearing: what it adopted central permeate formula gets liquid mode, namely the cylindrical structural that execution unit is hollow is smeared, it is inner that antifreezing agent is built in this cylindrical structural, antifreezing agent infiltrates into the outside of cylindrical structural from the inside to the outside, then just can carry out smearing operation, not only smear that efficiency is slow, speed of smearing is low, and sun-roof exposed design very easily causes anti-icing fluid to spill when operation, pollutes Along Railway.
In sum, in prior art, snow removing vehicle not only cannot carry out effectively orbital plane and remove the snow thoroughly, and cannot carry out deicing efficiently to contact net and smear anti-icing fluid.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to overcome above-mentioned defect, the high-efficiency and energy-saving type that a kind of structure is simple, efficiency of cleaning snow is high, remove the snow respond well snow removing vehicle is provided.
To achieve these goals, the technical solution used in the present invention is as follows:
A kind of high-efficiency and energy-saving type snow removing vehicle, comprise snow removing headstock and snow removing vehicle body, described snow removing headstock comprises the snow collecting bucket of front opening, be positioned at snow collecting bucket front end and the front icebreaking device be rotationally connected with it, be arranged at snow collecting bucket rear end and the snow throwing device be communicated with it, and run the dynamical system of power for described snow removing headstock provides; The detachable thermal turbine snow blowing apparatus be connected with for purging orbital plane accumulated snow in the bottom of described snow removing vehicle body, is also provided with Pneumatic rotary deicer and moist anti-icing fluid application device at the top of snow removing vehicle body.
Described snow collecting bucket comprises the collection bucket of front opening, is arranged on the wing plate of these collection bucket opening part both sides, and is arranged on this wing plate lower end for arranging snow or collecting snow and the spiral snow brush of bristle; Wherein, the lower end of collection bucket opening part is flat mouth shape.
In order to the accumulated snow be more beneficial in snow collecting bucket enters snow throwing device, Ji Xue double helix mechanism is also provided with in described collection bucket, the effect of this Ji Xue double helix mechanism is the accumulated snow in snow collecting bucket to be involved in snow throwing device, specifically, Ji Xue double helix mechanism comprises that two ends are corresponding with collection bucket both sides to be connected and the rotating shaft that can rotate relative to collection bucket, be arranged on the reduction gearing in the middle part of rotating shaft, and be arranged at right-handed screw blade in the rotating shaft of reduction gearing side and be arranged at backpitch blade in the rotating shaft of reduction gearing opposite side.
In order to remove the accumulated snow of below orbital plane, liftable is provided with, for removing the accumulated snow of below rail level and being imported in collection bucket and collect snow slab in the edge, lower end of described collection bucket opening part, this is interior integrates snow slab is coated with rubber alloy framework as outside, and is provided with protecting against shock spring in this alloy framework.
Described front icebreaking device comprises the snow removing hub cap be rotationally connected by cantilever and snow collecting bucket both sides, to be arranged in snow removing hub cap and can relative to shell rotate except basket, and for the hydraulic lifting arm of lifting snow removing hub cap; The anti-splashing cover plate for only snow splashing is provided with in this edge, snow removing hub cap upper end; Wherein, in one embodiment, be applicable to the snow removing operating mode that orbital plane is frozen or snow deposit is thicker, it is described except basket is for grinding the moon, this stone roller moon comprises that two ends are corresponding with shell to be connected and the rotating cylinder that can rotate relative to shell, and detachable skates and/or the spring steel brush being installed on this rotating cylinder, this plays skates and/or spring steel brush is the list structure of arc;
In another embodiment, be applicable to the snow removing operating mode that orbital plane is not frozen or accumulated snow is thinner, described except basket be snow removal wheel, this snow removal wheel comprises fixed diameter rotating cylinder, be arranged on fixed diameter rotating cylinder both sides and with the variable-diameter rotating cylinder of its synchronous axial system, and be arranged on the flexible polypropylene bristle on fixed diameter rotating cylinder and variable-diameter rotating cylinder.
Further, described snow throwing device comprises the row's flurry road be communicated with snow collecting bucket rear end, the centrifugal blower of entrance, the row's of being arranged on flurry road, snow ducting outlet place of the row of being arranged on by swing pinion with arrange flurry road and be rotatably connected and arrange the row avenging adjustable angle and avenge part.
Described thermal turbine snow blowing apparatus comprises the turbofan by driven by motor, between air-out passage and turbofan air outlet, for heating turbofan leaving air temp and from power taking described snow removing vehicle or the resistance ring by battery and inverter power supply, be arranged at turbofan air outlet and the air-out passage of cross section in " people " font, and for encapsulating the blower housing of turbofan, resistance ring; Wherein, the openend of air-out passage is towards orbital plane, and it is communicated with turbofan air outlet relative to one end of openend.
In order to ensure that skates or spring steel brush do not contact with track plates, described front icebreaking device has also comprised the laser displacement sensing for calibrating cantilever depression distance.
Described Pneumatic rotary deicer comprises double H-type buffering stand, upper end and double H-type cushion stand soffit and are connected and the servo lifting apparatus cushioning stand for lifting double H-type, be arranged on the combined type deicing brush on double H-type buffering stand upper surface, for described Pneumatic rotary deicer runs the pneumatic system providing power, and for controlling the control system of servo lifting apparatus and combined type deicing brush;
Wherein, described combined type deicing brush comprise rotopeening head, rotate steel brush, to rotate in nylon bruss any one or multiple arbitrarily;
Described rotopeening head comprises the striking head rotating cylinder be arranged on double H-type buffering stand upper surface, and is fastenedly connected by flexible link belt knocks body on striking head rotating cylinder;
Described rotation steel brush comprises and is arranged on steel brush rotating cylinder on double H-type buffering stand upper surface and some steel brush hairs being evenly arranged on steel brush rotating cylinder surface;
Described rotation nylon bruss comprises and is arranged on nylon bruss rotating cylinder on double H-type buffering stand upper surface and some nylon brush hairs being evenly arranged on nylon bruss rotating cylinder surface;
In one embodiment, striking head rotating cylinder is hollow-core construction, the both sides that stand is cushioned with double H-type in its two ends are connected, knock body and be connected (having triangle aluminum strip in band for blocking the groove knocked in body) with the flexible link belt drawing (KEVLAR) to be woven into by Kev by being inverted triangle bayonet arrangement, Kev draws the flexible link belt other end to be connected with striking head rotating cylinder, a striking head rotating cylinder is symmetrically installed with four and identical knocks body; Steel brush rotating cylinder and nylon bruss rotating cylinder are then tube-in-tube structure, and the both sides that inner core cushions stand with double H-type are connected, then by urceolus by bolt tightening on inner core, steel brush hair and nylon brush hair are then arranged on urceolus;
The rotary power of striking head rotating cylinder, steel brush rotating cylinder and nylon bruss rotating cylinder is provided by described pneumatic means, further, striking head rotating cylinder, steel brush rotating cylinder and nylon bruss rotating cylinder by independent motor driving, thus make control system to adjust respectively the rotating speed of striking head rotating cylinder, steel brush rotating cylinder and nylon bruss rotating cylinder separately.
Further, described in knock body and be the strip structure be made up of hard rubber and axis along striking head rotating cylinder is arranged, in order to improve the shock resistance anti-fatigue performance knocking body, this knocks in body and is also mixed with steel wire and nylon fiber.
Described double H-type buffering stand comprises opposing parallel setting from top to bottom and the H type upper beam connected by elastic damper and H type underbeam; Described servo lifting apparatus is then connected with H type underbeam lower end, and combined type deicing brush is then arranged on H type upper beam.According to the quantity of brush in combined type deicing brush, the shape of H type upper beam can be adjusted accordingly, as: ladder structure, is putting before this, and rotopeening head, rotation steel brush and/or rotation nylon bruss are then arranged between the space of two supports in ladder structure.Further, in order to better realize the present invention, between H type upper beam and H type underbeam, middle part is also provided with air spring, and this air spring lower end is connected with H type underbeam, its upper end is connected with H type upper beam lower end by retainer, and this air spring can play good cushioning effect.When the design of air spring and spring-damper makes equipment availability, there is the degree of freedom of multiple directions and automatically to return, combined type deicing brush can effectively be fitted ice sheet, and the impact that elasticity is excessive when adding damping design for cushioning and absorbing deicing, reduce the rigid collision to contact net, reach the effect of flexible deicing, avoid contact wire impaired.
Further, in order to improve the automation of deicing, Pneumatic rotary deicer also comprises the pattern recognition device be connected with described control system.The view data collected is fed back to control system by pattern recognition device, and control system is achieved a butt joint by pattern recognition device the automatic decision of net-fault icing situation, then controls combined type deicing brush according to judgement and servo lifting apparatus does corresponding motion.
In order to Real-time Feedback operation Vibration Condition, prevent contact net impaired, Pneumatic rotary deicer also comprise be arranged on described double H-type buffering stand on and the vibration acceleration sensor be connected with described control system.
Described moist anti-icing fluid application device comprises lifting apparatus, is arranged on lifting apparatus upper end and is lifted device to drive the applicator system rising or decline, and is communicated with for it provides the anti-icing fluid feed mechanism of anti-icing fluid with applicator system; This applicator system comprises backflash, be built in the reservoir in backflash, and to be fixed on by bearing backflash or reservoir smear round brush, wherein, smearing round brush bottom soaks in reservoir, and its top is exposed to backflash outside, and backflash and reservoir are all communicated with anti-icing fluid feed mechanism, and there is gap therebetween, this gap forms anti-icing fluid return flow line.
Described reservoir is groove structure, and the height of its front end higher than the height of rear end, and is tiltedly installed with one end and this front end is fastenedly connected, the other end is to the first scraper plate smeared round brush upper end and extend at reservoir leading inside; Described backflash is groove structure, and its leading inside be tiltedly installed with one end and this front end is fastenedly connected, the other end to the second scraper plate smeared round brush upper end and extend, inner side is then tiltedly installed with one end and this rear end is fastenedly connected, the other end is to the baffle plate smeared round brush upper end and extend in its back-end.As preferably, the first scraper plate, the second scraper plate, baffle plate are PTFE plate.
Specifically, smear round brush and comprise roller body and be arranged on the bristle in roller body, this bristle is made up of high hygroscopicity fibre.
In one embodiment, roller body is when smearing operation, and drive it naturally to roll by the frictional force between contact wire, this is passive mode; In another embodiment, described roller body is by its motion of driven by motor, and this is active mode.
Described anti-icing fluid feed mechanism comprises anti-icing fluid memory device, is connected and the supply pump be connected with reservoir by feed tube with this anti-icing fluid memory device; Described backflash is communicated with anti-icing fluid memory device by return duct.
Compared with prior art, beneficial effect of the present invention is:
(1) the present invention is provided with some groups of thermal turbine snow blowing apparatus in the bottom of snow removing vehicle body, is blown out by the accumulated snow between orbital plane gap, sleeper by this thermal turbine snow blowing apparatus to track both sides, to reach the object purging snow removing; Meanwhile, the wind of turbofan blowout is heated by resistance ring, and hot blast can melt accumulated snow, is conducive to purging, thus effectively improves the snow removing effect between orbital plane gap, sleeper.
(2) headstock that removes the snow in the present invention includes front icebreaking device, snow collecting bucket and snow throwing device three part, front icebreaking device is for abolishing icing, the accumulated snow in snow removing vehicle dead ahead, then accumulated snow is involved in snow collecting bucket, accumulated snow is shed to track by the snow throwing device again by being communicated with snow collecting bucket, its efficiency of cleaning snow is very high, be particularly useful for the snow removing of high ferro circuit, effectively overcome the defect that in prior art, snow removing vehicle efficiency of cleaning snow is low.
(3) remove basket in the present invention and adopt two kinds of form of structure, one is ice breaking wheel, another kind is snow removal wheel, wherein, ice breaking wheel is applicable to the snow removing operating mode that orbital plane is frozen or snow deposit is thicker, as: the area that the longitude and latitude higher orbit faces such as China's Harbin-Dalian railway line easily freeze or snow deposit is thicker, snow removal wheel is then applicable to the snow removing operating mode that orbital plane is not frozen or accumulated snow is thinner, different tackle different operating modes except basket, make of the present invention realize flexible and changeable, applied range.
(4) front of the present invention icebreaking device also comprises the laser displacement sensing for calibrating cantilever depression distance, this laser displacement sensing is responsible for calibrating depression distance, ensure when making cantilever press down work except the skates on basket or spring steel brush directly do not contact with track plates, and at least leave the space of 1-2cm, avoid causing damage to track plates during operation.
(5) in the present invention, air-out passage is designed to " people " character form structure, and its openend is towards orbital plane, further, the both sides of " people " font are arcuate structure, and the radian of its underpart increases gradually along the direction away from " people " font axis, this structure design is conducive to accumulated snow past track two blowing in the middle of track.
(6) the present invention is respectively provided with a snow brush in the lower end, both sides of snow collecting bucket, the accumulated snow (comprising below rail level) outside track can be pushed open outward during this snow brush operation or collect toward track interior and (arrange in the raceway groove of both sides, inlet wire road outward, collected by snow collecting bucket toward interior; Simultaneously, the bristle flight pitch of snow brush corresponds to track pillow case bay, and the corresponding rotating speed of change according to the speed of a motor vehicle also changes, and agrees with interval between sleeper beam to reach, the accumulated snow being brushed the position that can effectively cannot be touched snow collecting bucket end, track both sides by snow discharges track, improves snow removing effect.
(7) Pneumatic rotary deicer is by the multi-angle motion of double H-type buffering stand, then combining image recognition technology and vibration acceleration sensor, Real-time Feedback deicing handling situations, control system is according to the duty of feedback information ground dynamic conditioning servo lifting apparatus, combined type deicing brush, combined type deicing brush can be fitted ice sheet effectively, not only deicing efficiency is high, and achieves the object of flexible deicing, the infringement to contact net when decreasing deicing.
(8) in Pneumatic rotary deicer, combined type deicing brush comprises rotopeening head, rotates steel brush, rotates nylon bruss three kinds, wherein, rotate steel brush, rotation nylon bruss substitutes and manually knocks with copper bow ballistic method for contact net deicing, have higher except speed of icing, and rotating speed is adjustable separately, deicing has more specific aim, and the rotopeening head of particular design can remove ice sheet thicker on contact net, solves the problem cannot accomplishing effectively process in prior art to thicker ice sheet.
(9) applicator system is designed to outer moist, smear round brush and directly absorb anti-icing fluid by the bristle on surface, absorption efficiency far above existing central permeate formula, thus improves and smears efficiency and speed, can high-speed job, smear operating speed and reach 60 more than km/h.
(10) be designed with backflash and reservoir in moist anti-icing fluid application device, backflash is wrapped in reservoir from surrounding is nested, for receiving anti-icing fluid unnecessary in reservoir and returning in anti-icing fluid memory device by return line flow; Simultaneously; in both sides, backflash openend, the second scraper plate and scraper plate are set respectively; in reservoir openend, the first scraper plate is set; wherein; the anti-icing fluid splashed when baffle plate is for stopping and smearing round brush working at high speed; strike off anti-icing fluid too much on bristle simultaneously; two screed front end are as much as possible near round brush; effectively can collect the liquid that splashes outward and make it flow in backflash; scraper plate and baffle plate can be smeared in the process of operation at a high speed smearing round brush; effectively prevent anti-icing fluid from splashing, protection Along Railway environment is not contaminated.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 be remove the snow in the present invention headstock and snow removing vehicle body structural representation.
Fig. 2 is the partial schematic diagram of the thermal turbine snow blowing apparatus in the present invention.
Fig. 3 is the schematic internal view of headstock of removing the snow in the present invention.
Fig. 4 is the partial schematic diagram of wing plate and snow brush in the present invention.
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of Pneumatic rotary deicer in the present invention.
Fig. 6 is the front view of Fig. 5.
Fig. 7 is the structural representation of combined type deicing brush in the present invention.
Fig. 8 is the structural representation of moist anti-icing fluid application device in the present invention.
Fig. 9 is the structure principle chart of applicator system in moist anti-icing fluid application device.
Wherein, title corresponding to Reference numeral: 1-removes the snow vehicle body, 2-cantilever, 3-removes the snow hub cap, 4-is except basket, 5-hydraulic lifting arm, 6-anti-splashing cover plate, 7-collection bucket, 8-wing plate, 9-avenges brush, 10-arranges flurry road, 11-centrifugal blower, 12-row snow part, 13-turbofan, 14-air-out passage, 15-swing pinion, 16-blower housing, 17-is flexibly connected groove, 18-pneumatic means, 19-protects bolt, 20-servo lifting apparatus, 21-lifting apparatus, 22-backflash, 23-reservoir, 24-smears round brush, 25-rotopeening head, 26-rotates steel brush, 27-rotates nylon bruss, 28-feed tube, 29-return duct, 30-elastic damper, 31-H type upper beam, 32-H type underbeam, collection snow slab in 33-, 34-Ji Xue double helix mechanism,
221-first scraper plate, 222-second scraper plate, 223-baffle plate;
251-striking head rotating cylinder, 252-flexible link belt, 253-knocks body, 254-air spring, and 255-leads slab, 256-pneumatic interface, 257-retainer;
261-steel brush rotating cylinder, 262-steel brush hair;
271-nylon bruss rotating cylinder, 272-nylon brush hair.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the invention will be further described.Embodiments of the present invention include but not limited to the following example.
Embodiment
Present embodiments provide a kind of high-efficiency and energy-saving type snow removing vehicle, as shown in Figure 1 to 9, this snow removing vehicle mainly comprises snow removing headstock and snow removing vehicle body 1 two parts.The present invention mainly comprises two aspects to the improvement of existing snow removing vehicle, is improvement snow removing vehicle being directed to railway snow removing on the one hand; To the improvement of snow removing vehicle for contact net deicing on the other hand.Wherein, railway snow removing is carried out mainly through two aspects: one, the accumulated snow process of orbital plane; Two, for the accumulated snow process between orbital plane gap, sleeper.
One, snow removing vehicle is directed to the improvement of railway snow removing
The accumulated snow process of orbital plane completes mainly through newly-designed snow removing headstock, specifically, in the present embodiment, snow removing headstock mainly comprises snow collecting bucket, front icebreaking device, snow throwing device and dynamical system four part, wherein, front icebreaking device is for abolishing icing, the accumulated snow in snow removing vehicle dead ahead, ice cube after abolishing, ice slag and accumulated snow are collected in snow collecting bucket, snow collecting bucket is communicated with snow throwing device, accumulated snow in snow collecting bucket, ice cube, ice slag etc. are shed away by snow device, get rid of to track along both side, complete snow removing.
Snow collecting bucket entirety is in bucket-shaped, and its front opening, bottom is design a little more than the flat mouth of orbital plane, and accumulated snow, ice cube are shoveled into its inside by the flat mouth bottom snow collecting bucket.In the present embodiment, snow collecting bucket comprises the collection bucket 7 of front opening, is arranged on the wing plate 8 of these collection bucket opening part both sides, and is arranged on this wing plate 8 lower end for arranging snow or collecting snow and the spiral snow brush 9 of bristle.Wing plate is generally straight plate, and there is circular arc its front end, is provided with snow brush 9 bottom wing plate, and in the shape of a spiral, spiral helicine bristle flight pitch corresponds to track pillow case bay to the bristle of snow brush, and the corresponding rotating speed of change according to the speed of a motor vehicle also changes, and agrees with interval between sleeper beam to reach.During operation, snow brush can be pushed the accumulated snow (comprising below rail level) outside track outward open or collect toward track interior and (arrange in the raceway groove of both sides, inlet wire road outward, collected toward interior by snow collecting bucket.According to different snowfall, different line environment and select outer row still to collect, the snow removing speed of outer row's mode but accumulated snow does not jump out track bed, is generally applicable to the situation that snowfall is less).
In order to residing for snow collecting bucket port, the following accumulated snow of plane is cleared up effectively, the present embodiment is in the bottom of snow collecting bucket, namely the lower end of its opening part is also installed with interior collection snow slab 33, specifically, interiorly integrate snow slab is coated with rubber alloy framework as outside, and be provided with protecting against shock spring in this alloy framework.The interior snow slab that integrates is as liftable design, and in realizing, the up-down mode of collection snow slab is existing mature technology, and the present embodiment does not repeat.During track switch operation, collection snow slab is recovered to the horizontal level of more than orbital plane by pneumatic means, without the accumulated snow can fallen during track switch for removing below rail level.
Further, in order to improve the applicability of snow brush 9, can adjust according to different road snow situations, snow brush is designed to the snow brush of liftable, angle adjustable by the present embodiment, the liftable of snow brush, the structure of angle adjustable realize varied, the specific implementation of this example is as follows: wing plate 8 lower end is connected with the reeded flexible connection groove 17 of tool, snow brush is then fixed in this flexible connection groove, be flexibly connected groove upper end to be rotationally connected by turning cylinder and wing plate lower end, and control to be flexibly connected groove rotation by pneumatic means 18; Meanwhile, be flexibly connected groove upper end and also realize being flexibly connected by being arranged on air-leg on snow collecting bucket side or spring lever the action that groove presses down, lifts.
Pneumatic means 18 one end is hinged with collection snow slab by the connecting rod through snow collecting bucket sidepiece, and the other end is connected to protection bolt 19 underarm.When collect snow slab run into collision be greater than protecting against shock spring travel time, protection bolt 19 action (snap fit blocks, and collection snow slab retrude is regained), the air feed equipment of pneumatic means can be installed in snow removing vehicle.During normal track switch operation, do not possess operating condition under rail level, collection snow slab should be regained.In addition, in order to energy simultaneous adaptation CRTSI type, CRTS II type track plates and existing line, collection snow slab both sides are provided with the subplate of adjustable length and angle.When subplate is regained completely, collection snow slab length is minimum, is applicable to CRTS II type track plates (Jing-Hu Railway).During subplate full extension, collection snow slab length is maximum, and be applicable to CRTSI type track plates (Harbin-Dalian railway line), extension elongation is marginal, is applicable to existing line.
The efficiency of snow collecting bucket is entered in order to improve accumulated snow, the present embodiment is on the basis of said structure, Ji Xue double helix mechanism 34 is provided with in collection bucket also in snow collecting bucket, this Ji Xue double helix mechanism comprises that two ends are corresponding with collection bucket 1 both sides to be connected and the rotating shaft that can rotate relative to collection bucket 1, be arranged on the reduction gearing in the middle part of rotating shaft 13, and backpitch blade in the rotating shaft being arranged at right-handed screw blade in the rotating shaft of reduction gearing side and being arranged at reduction gearing opposite side.In brief, Ji Xue double helix mechanism 34 is with the centre of rotating shaft for boundary, and two ends, the left and right hand of spiral is contrary.The effect of Ji Xue double helix mechanism is the snow roller at snow collecting bucket edge to enter in snow collecting bucket, meanwhile, by the snow roller in snow collecting bucket in snow throwing device.Ji Xue double helix mechanism separately can establish power drive, also can share with snow throwing device.
Front icebreaking device is rotationally connected by cantilever 2 and snow collecting bucket both sides, and it is mainly used in icing, the accumulated snow abolishing snow removing vehicle dead ahead, can successfully be collected in snow collecting bucket to make accumulated snow and to freeze.In the present embodiment, front icebreaking device comprises the snow removing hub cap 3 be rotationally connected by cantilever 2 and snow collecting bucket both sides, to be arranged in snow removing hub cap and can relative to shell rotate except basket 4; The anti-splashing cover plate 6 for only snow splashing is provided with in this edge, snow removing hub cap upper end.Between the middle part and snow collecting bucket of cantilever, be provided with elevating lever, as preferably, this elevating lever is hydraulic lifting arm 5, and cantilever is lifted by lifting or falls except basket.Except basket rotates snow removing, its power is driven by dynamical system.
The wheel construction that removes the snow in this example is divided into two kinds:
One
Except basket 4 is for grinding the moon, this stone roller moon comprises two ends and connects the rotating cylinder that also can rotate relative to the hub cap that removes the snow with snow removing hub cap is corresponding, and detachable skates and/or the spring steel brush being installed on this rotating cylinder, this plays skates and/or spring steel brush is the list structure of arc.Grind the moon and be fixed on the end of shell by the bearing at two ends, and its fixed end is one-sided that hydraulic drive motor and gear train are housed, realize the rotation of grinding the moon with this.Grind moon overall length 0.9 meter, rotating cylinder diameter 0.6 meter, a skates and/or spring steel brush are arranged on the outer wall of rotating cylinder, as preferably, play skates and/or spring steel brush employing hex bolts and rotating cylinder and fix.Wherein, play skates for breaking comparatively hard and abundant compacting ice sheet, spring steel brush is used for striking off of ice sheet.
They are two years old
Except basket 4 is snow removal wheel, grinding moon use when accumulated snow in track does not freeze for replacing, obtaining and better cleaning effect.Snow removal wheel comprises fixed diameter rotating cylinder, be arranged on fixed diameter rotating cylinder both sides and with the variable-diameter rotating cylinder of its synchronous axial system, and be arranged on the flexible polypropylene bristle on fixed diameter rotating cylinder and variable-diameter rotating cylinder.Snow removal wheel overall length 1.3 meters, its rotary cylinder is made up of the middle fixed diameter rotating cylinder of 0.8 meter long and the variable-diameter rotating cylinder of each 0.2 meter long of outer ring, left and right.Flexible polypropylene bristle is arranged on the outer wall of snow removal wheel, and it is wear-resisting and have certain degree of hardness.The variable-diameter rotating cylinder inside being positioned at fixed diameter rotating cylinder both sides is provided with stroke screw, barrel dliameter changes by spanner adjustment stroke screw, after regulating, brush can agree with mutually with track inner track plate and sleeper beam, different barrel dliameter is applicable to CRTSI type and CRTS II type track plates respectively, also regulates simultaneously and is applicable to traditional existing line.The mode realizing snow removal wheel rotation is the same with the stone roller moon, does not repeat at this.When needing snow removing, fall except basket, remove the snow, after operation completes or when not needing operation, then lifted except basket disorbit face by elevating lever.
Cantilever drive except basket decline (pressing down), lift time, certain stroke should be had to limit, the present embodiment adopts and arranges laser displacement sensor to realize to the feedback except basket depressed position below cantilever with the hubcap fixed except basket, laser displacement sensor is responsible for calibrating depression distance, ensure when making cantilever press down work that skates or spring steel brush do not contact with track plates, and at least leave the space of 1-2cm, avoid causing damage to track plates during operation.
Snow cover is collected after in snow collecting bucket, needs employing to shed equipment and is shed by the snow of collection to track both sides along the line, and the present embodiment adopts snow throwing device to realize above-mentioned purpose.Specifically, snow throwing device comprises the row's flurry road 10 be communicated with snow collecting bucket rear end, the centrifugal blower 11 of entrance, the row's of being arranged on flurry road, and the row at snow ducting outlet place of the row of being arranged on avenges part 12.Accumulated snow in snow collecting bucket is involved in in row flurry road by centrifugal blower, then avenges part by the row of row's snow ducting outlet and discharges.The cylindrical shape of hollow of the shape row flurry road coupling of row's snow part, its side offer shed out for accumulated snow shed mouth.
Further, in order to better reach centrifugal blower, the accumulated snow in snow collecting bucket is involved in the object in row flurry road, in the present embodiment, the curved shape of blade of centrifugal blower 11, and the radian of blade near one end of centrifugal blower turning cylinder axially outwards increases gradually along it, blade radian is beneficial to more greatly the accumulated snow receiving double helix and import herein, and the radian away from one end of centrifugal blower turning cylinder axially inwardly reduces gradually along it, coordinates air channel can produce larger centrifugal wind-force.This design drastically increases row's snow efficiency.Further, on the basis of said structure, centrifugal blower axis extends forward by the present embodiment, and be connected with the rotating shaft in Ji Xue double helix mechanism by reduction gearing, the power transmission of centrifugal blower is to the reduction gearing be positioned at above double helix stage casing and then drive collection snow double helix to rotate, this purpose of design is, eliminate the double-helical drive of collection snow, achieve collection snow double helix and being synchronized with the movement of centrifugal blower, unified driving, optimize the ice and snow passage with both sides bottom double helix, the automatic matching rotating speed in double helix and air channel, without the need to Synchronization Control, optimize collection snow performance, improve collection snow efficiency, save the energy.
It is all changeless that the row of existing snow removing vehicle avenges angle, therefore, very easily leads the problem causing the part way accumulated snow of curb line to shed difficulty.Therefore, in the present embodiment, row's snow part is rotatably connected with row flurry road 10 by swing pinion 15, and swing pinion 15 is driven by the second motor again.When relate to need to change snow throwing angle time, start the second motor, the second motor output shaft and swing pinion formative gear are secondary, driven rotary pinion rotation, thus make swing pinion drive the rotation of row's snow part, complete angular adjustment.
Snow removing headstock dynamical system for snow removing headstock operation power is provided, it mainly comprises the first hydraulic motor for driving snow brush to rotate, for driving the first motor of centrifugal blower, for driving the second hydraulic motor except basket (rotating cylinder or fixed diameter rotating cylinder, variable-diameter rotating cylinder), for the second motor of the row's of driving snow part angular adjustment, the fluid power system of elevating lever and above-mentioned pneumatic means etc.
Being realized by the thermal turbine snow blowing apparatus being arranged on snow removing body bottom of accumulated snow process between orbital plane gap, sleeper.In the present embodiment, thermal turbine snow blowing apparatus mainly contains two effects: one, by the snow melting of orbital plane, thicker, harder snow deposit is fluffed soft; Two, soft snow deposit is blowed to track both sides, realize purging snow removing.The structures that thermal turbine snow blowing apparatus realizes above-mentioned two effects are as follows: thermal turbine snow blowing apparatus comprises turbofan 13, resistance ring and air-out passage 14 3 part.
Turbofan, drives it to run by turbo-dynamo, the air outlet of this turbofan towards orbital plane and extend to snow removing vehicle body outside, turbine air duct and blade are by aluminium alloys manufacture, and weight is less.
Air-out passage, is arranged on the air outlet place of turbofan, its role is to the wind blown out from turbofan air outlet to lead, and makes wind to orbital plane.Further, in order to improve purging effect, in the present embodiment, the cross section of air-out passage is in " people " character form structure, and its openend is towards orbital plane, simultaneously, the both sides of " people " font are arcuate structure, and the radian of its underpart increases gradually along the direction away from " people " font axis, and this structure design is conducive to accumulated snow past track two blowing in the middle of track.According to different orbital plane accumulated snow situations, purge angle and can make accommodation, namely the openend of air-out passage is relative to the adjustable angle of orbital plane; The openend realizing air-out passage is varied relative to the mode of the adjustable angle of orbital plane, as: air-out passage and turbofan being rotationally connected of air outlet, be rotatably connected or globular hinge, this connected mode is existing mature technology, and therefore, the present embodiment does not describe in detail it.
Resistance ring, for heating the wind blown out from the air outlet of turbofan, resistance ring is arranged on above air-out passage, the below of turbofan air outlet.Be provided with hot water radiation wire in resistance ring, the power supply of resistance wire mainly contains two kinds of modes: one, hot water radiation wire is by being positioned on the electric wire access snow removing vehicle of ring outside, carries out power taking; Two, by independently battery and inverter are powered.Wind after heating has thawing effect to accumulated snow, is more conducive to the purging of wind.Under considering different operating mode, the difference of Snow Thickness, temperature, blowing temperature design is adjustable by the present embodiment, and its implementation is as follows: on snow removing vehicle, be provided with temperature control device, this temperature control device carries out control temperature adjustment to resistance ring, thus reaches the adjustable object of this device leaving air temp.
On the basis of said structure, turbofan, resistance ring etc. are integrated the design forming box type modularization by the present embodiment, concrete way sets up a blower housing 16, and turbofan, resistance ring are all installed in shell, and air-out passage is positioned at this housing exterior.Thermal turbine snow blowing apparatus is connected to the bottom of snow removing vehicle body by the design detachable of box-type module, after pulling down, can be used as portable blow device and uses, not only realize flexibly, and easy to maintenance.
When thermal turbine snow blowing apparatus is used alone and is applicable to multiple tracks branch road section or cleaning work among a small circle near station.During use, singlely can bear use, also can be installed on small-scale workshops stand, be powered by power supply unit.Small-scale workshops stand can be continued to use " people " font air-out passage; The requirement of manual work is also designed with universal discharge pipe with handles, and discharge pipe head is ferrule, inside has resistive heater.
Two, to the improvement of snow removing vehicle for contact net deicing
Contact net deicing comprises the deicing operation after freezing and the anti-freeze operation before freezing or after deicing.
Deicing operation, is realized by Pneumatic rotary deicer, and Pneumatic rotary deicer is arranged on train top, mainly comprises double H-type buffering stand, servo lifting apparatus 20, combined type deicing brush, control system and dynamical system five part.
Servo lifting apparatus, servo lifting apparatus comprises the base being arranged on train top and the collapsible shelf structure be arranged on base, it can adopt existing pantograph form of structure, servo lifting apparatus is mainly used in driving double H-type buffering stand to rise, decline, its power run is provided by dynamical system, and controlled Systematical control.
Double H-type buffering stand, is arranged on the top of servo lifting apparatus, mainly comprises opposing parallel setting from top to bottom and the H type upper beam 31 connected by elastic damper 30 and H type underbeam 32; Specifically, the upper end of servo lifting apparatus 20 is connected with H type underbeam 31 lower end, and combined type deicing brush is arranged on H type upper beam 31.Elastic damper between H type upper beam 31 and H type underbeam 32 achieves the design of multivariant mechanical damping, according to the applicable cases of reality, determines suitable spring damping ratio.Further, between H type upper beam and H type underbeam, middle part is also provided with air spring 254, and this air spring lower end is connected with H type underbeam, and its upper end is connected with H type upper beam lower end by retainer 257.During operation, H type upper beam can relatively do and swings by a small margin at any angle by H type underbeam in horizontal plane, and air spring makes, and H type upper beam has the ability in automatically returning after swing; Air spring makes combined type deicing brush effectively to fit ice sheet in conjunction with the design of elastic damping, and the impact that elasticity is excessive when adding damping design for cushioning and absorbing deicing, reduce the rigid collision to contact net, reach the effect of flexible deicing, avoid contact wire impaired.
During deicing operation, very important to the monitoring of H type upper beam Vibration Condition, the present embodiment is on the basis of said structure, also install vibration acceleration sensor additional at double H-type buffering stand front end face, this vibration acceleration sensor Real-time Feedback operation Vibration Condition is to control system, then adjusted in real time according to feedback information by control system, to prevent contact net impaired.In deicing operation, if fall, ice directly falls, combined type deicing brush will certainly be damaged, the present invention to be also provided with near the both sides of one end of air spring at retainer 9 and to lead slab 255, and this lead slab 255 favour H type underbeam arrange, as preferred structure, lead slab and adopt straight plated construction, be symmetricly set in retainer arranged on left and right sides.Leading slab for guiding ice toward the surrounding landing of Pneumatic rotary deicer, playing the effect of protection combined type deicing brush and its following parts.
Based on light-weighted mentality of designing, in the present embodiment, H type upper beam, H type underbeam, retainer and lead slab all adopt 6 be or 7 line aluminium alloys make, can ensure that while guaranteed strength whole double H-type buffering stand has lighter quality, be installed on above servo lifting apparatus so that double H-type to be cushioned stand; Further, in order to reduce double H-type buffering stand quality, as preferably, spring-damper does not adopt oil pressure damping, and adopts vapour-pressure type damping system.
Combined type deicing brush is the execution unit of deicing, it mainly comprises rotopeening head 25, rotate steel brush 26, to rotate in nylon bruss 27 any one or multiple arbitrarily, namely according to different deicing needs, above-mentioned rotopeening head, rotation steel brush, rotation nylon bruss can be used alone or be combined; Rotopeening head is for removing thicker ice sheet, rotating steel brush for the removing of removing medium and small thickness ice sheet, rotation nylon bruss has coordinated remaining ice and snow.
Rotopeening head 25 is core technologies of combined type deicing brush, it is mainly for cannot be gone out the situation of thicker ice sheet by traditional de-icing method, rotopeening head comprises the striking head rotating cylinder 251 be arranged on double H-type buffering stand upper surface, and to be fastenedly connected by flexible link belt 252 to knock body 253 on striking head rotating cylinder 251, striking head rotating cylinder is hollow-core construction, the both sides that stand is cushioned with double H-type in its two ends are connected, knock body and be connected (having triangle aluminum strip in band for blocking the groove knocked in body) with the flexible link belt drawing (KEVLAR) to be woven into by Kev by being inverted triangle bayonet arrangement, Kev draws the flexible link belt other end to be connected with striking head rotating cylinder, a striking head rotating cylinder is symmetrically installed with four and identical knocks body.Knock body 253 and be the strip structure be made up of hard rubber and axis along striking head rotating cylinder 251 is arranged, meanwhile, in order to improve the shock resistance anti-fatigue performance knocking body, knocking in body 253 and being also mixed with steel wire and nylon fiber.
Rotate steel brush 26 to comprise and be arranged on steel brush rotating cylinder 261 on double H-type buffering stand upper surface and some steel brush hairs 262 being evenly arranged on steel brush rotating cylinder 261 surface; Rotate nylon bruss 27 to comprise and be arranged on nylon bruss rotating cylinder 271 on double H-type buffering stand upper surface and some nylon brush hairs 272 being evenly arranged on nylon bruss rotating cylinder 271 surface.
Steel brush rotating cylinder and nylon bruss rotating cylinder are then tube-in-tube structure, and the both sides that inner core cushions stand with double H-type are connected, then by urceolus by bolt tightening on inner core, steel brush hair and nylon brush hair are then arranged on urceolus.Rotate steel brush, rotate nylon bruss and substitute and manually to knock with copper bow ballistic method for contact net deicing, have higher except speed of icing, deicing has more specific aim.
In the present embodiment, the rotary power of striking head rotating cylinder, steel brush rotating cylinder and nylon bruss rotating cylinder is provided by dynamical system, in order to improve deicing effect, realize the independent control to each brush, striking head rotating cylinder, steel brush rotating cylinder and nylon bruss rotating cylinder are by independently motor driving, and all controlled Systematical control of these motors.
On the basis of said structure, the present invention have also been devised contact net icing image recognition technology, this technology is by arranging pattern recognition device, pattern recognition device is used for the measuring of ice thickness of contact net icing and elimination effect identification, it says that the image information collected feeds back to control system, control system is achieved a butt joint by pattern recognition device the automatic decision of net-fault icing situation, then controls combined type deicing brush according to judgement and servo lifting apparatus does corresponding motion.
The information of control system primary responsibility processing image information and vibrator sensor feedback, in order to identify ice layer thickness, controls the rotary speed that in the rising height of servo lifting apparatus and combined type deicing brush, each brush needs then.In the present embodiment, control system is the main control system be placed in train, it should be noted that, the implementation (comprising aforesaid main control system) that control system realizes above-mentioned functions is existing mature technology, therefore, does not repeat in the present embodiment.
Because of insulation and the good endurance of pneumatic system, operations involving high pressure can be realized, so, in the present embodiment, the dynamical system of Pneumatic rotary deicer adopts pneumatic system, pneumatic system mainly comprises the air pump be arranged in train, the air motor be connected with each action component, the side opening of H type upper beam is provided with pneumatic interface 256, pneumatic interface 256 quantity and striking head rotating cylinder, the quantity Matching of steel brush rotating cylinder and nylon bruss rotating cylinder, air pump provides gases at high pressure by the rubber hose being wrapped in Kafra fiber to air motor, then above-mentioned rotating cylinder is driven to rotate by air motor, consider that air motor transmission rotating speed is high, therefore, need to install reduction gearing additional, simultaneously, increase moment of torsion, can 27.5KV be reached owing to carrying high pressure during contact net electrification operation, motor appendix need meet withstand voltage, cold-resistant, soft while there is good insulating properties.The collapsible shelf structure of above-mentioned servo lifting apparatus bottom can select pneumatic arm, and the power of its lifting, decline is provided by pneumatic system equally.
Anti-freeze operation
Present embodiments provide a kind of moist anti-icing fluid application device, this moist anti-icing fluid application device comprises lifting apparatus 21, applicator system and anti-icing fluid feed mechanism three parts.Usually, Pneumatic rotary deicer and moist anti-icing fluid application device are arranged on the top of snow removing vehicle vehicle body in turn along the traffic direction of snow removing vehicle.
Lifting apparatus, is arranged on train top, is mainly used in lifting applicator system, and its structure comprises mount pad and is arranged on the folding stand on mount pad, usually, existing pantograph can be selected as lifting apparatus.
Applicator system, be the core technology of moist anti-icing fluid application device, this applicator system comprises backflash 22, is built in the reservoir 23 in backflash 22, and is fixed on by bearing backflash 22 or reservoir 23 smear round brush 24.Backflash is wrapped in reservoir from surrounding is nested, for receiving anti-icing fluid unnecessary in reservoir and returning anti-icing fluid feed mechanism by return line flow, on the one hand, avoids anti-icing fluid to be scattered, and pollutes Along Railway; On the other hand, recycling of anti-icing fluid is realized.Further, in the present embodiment, the bottom of backflash is also provided with lifting platform, and this lifting platform is arranged on the top of lifting apparatus, and backflash is then arranged on lifting platform.
Smear round brush 24 to comprise roller body and be arranged on the bristle in roller body, this bristle is made up of high hygroscopicity fibre, smear the bristle absorption anti-icing fluid of round brush by its appearance, absorption efficiency, far above existing central permeate formula, has ensured anti-icing fluid is smeared under high-speed job uniformity, continuity effectively.Specifically, smearing round brush 24 bottom soaks in reservoir 23, the circulation of reservoir inner anti-icing fluid liquid level constant voltage keeps, smear round brush top and be exposed to backflash 22 outside, backflash 22 is all communicated with anti-icing fluid feed mechanism with reservoir 23, and there is gap therebetween, this gap forms anti-icing fluid return flow line; From reservoir with smear the anti-icing fluid that round brush is scattered and fall in return flow line, then return anti-icing fluid feed mechanism by return line flow.
In the present embodiment, the frictional force automatic rotation that the running of smearing round brush relies on contact wire and smears between round brush.The design of reservoir and backflash is the design bright spot of applicator system, wherein, reservoir 23 is groove structure, the height of its front end higher than the height of rear end, and is tiltedly installed with one end and this front end is fastenedly connected, the other end is to the first scraper plate 221 smeared round brush 24 upper end and extend at reservoir 23 leading inside; Backflash 22 is groove structure, and its leading inside be tiltedly installed with one end and this front end is fastenedly connected, the other end to the second scraper plate 222 smeared round brush 24 upper end and extend, inner side is then tiltedly installed with one end and this rear end is fastenedly connected, the other end is to the baffle plate 223 smeared round brush 24 upper end and extend in its back-end.As a kind of preferred embodiment, first scraper plate, the second scraper plate and baffle plate are PTFE plate, the elongated end of three should be tried one's best near smearing round brush, and three angle of inclination can be adjusted accordingly according to the speed of smearing of reality, the specification of smearing round brush diameter, reservoir and backflash.
The anti-icing fluid splashed when baffle plate is for stopping and smearing round brush working at high speed; strike off anti-icing fluid too much on bristle simultaneously; scraper plate effectively can be collected the liquid that splashes outward and make it flow in backflash; scraper plate and baffle plate can be smeared in the process of operation at a high speed smearing round brush; effectively prevent anti-icing fluid from splashing; realize zero leakage when smearing operation, no pollution, protection Along Railway environment is not contaminated.
Anti-icing fluid feed mechanism, for to conveying antifreezing fluid in reservoir, meanwhile, received the anti-icing fluid refluxed in backflash by return duct 29, mainly comprise anti-icing fluid memory device, and be connected with this anti-icing fluid memory device and pass through the supply pump that feed tube 28 is connected with reservoir 23.Anti-icing fluid memory device can select anti-icing fluid storage tank, and itself and supply pump all can be arranged in train.
According to above-described embodiment, just the present invention can be realized well.What deserves to be explained is; under prerequisite based on above-mentioned design principle; for solving same technical problem; even if some making on architecture basics disclosed in this invention are without substantial change or polishing; the essence of the technical scheme adopted is still the same with the present invention, therefore it also should in protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. a high-efficiency and energy-saving type snow removing vehicle, comprise snow removing headstock and snow removing vehicle body (1), it is characterized in that, described snow removing headstock comprises the snow collecting bucket of front opening, be positioned at snow collecting bucket front end and the front icebreaking device be rotationally connected with it, be arranged at snow collecting bucket rear end and the snow throwing device be communicated with it, and run the dynamical system of power for described snow removing headstock provides; The detachable thermal turbine snow blowing apparatus be connected with for purging orbital plane accumulated snow in the bottom of described snow removing vehicle body, is also provided with Pneumatic rotary deicer and moist anti-icing fluid application device at the top of snow removing vehicle body.
2. a kind of high-efficiency and energy-saving type snow removing vehicle according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described snow collecting bucket comprises the collection bucket (7) of front opening, be arranged on the wing plate (8) of these collection bucket opening part both sides, and be arranged on this wing plate lower end for arranging snow or collecting snow and spiral snow brush (9) of bristle; Wherein, the lower end of collection bucket opening part is flat mouth shape.
3. a kind of high-efficiency and energy-saving type snow removing vehicle according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described front icebreaking device comprises the snow removing hub cap (3) be rotationally connected by cantilever (2) and snow collecting bucket both sides, to be arranged in snow removing hub cap and can relative to snow removing hub cap rotate except basket (4), and for the hydraulic lifting arm (5) of lifting snow removing hub cap; The anti-splashing cover plate (6) for only snow splashing is provided with in this edge, snow removing hub cap upper end; Wherein, it is described except basket (4) is for grinding the moon, this stone roller moon comprises that two ends are corresponding with shell to be connected and the rotating cylinder that can rotate relative to shell, and detachable skates and/or the spring steel brush being installed on this rotating cylinder, and this plays skates and/or spring steel brush is the list structure of arc;
Or, described except basket (4) be snow removal wheel, this snow removal wheel comprises fixed diameter rotating cylinder, be arranged on fixed diameter rotating cylinder both sides and with the variable-diameter rotating cylinder of its synchronous axial system, and be arranged on the flexible polypropylene bristle on fixed diameter rotating cylinder and variable-diameter rotating cylinder.
4. a kind of high-efficiency and energy-saving type snow removing vehicle according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described snow throwing device comprises the row's flurry road (10) be communicated with snow collecting bucket rear end, the centrifugal blower (11) of entrance, the row's of being arranged on flurry road, snow ducting outlet place of the row of being arranged on by swing pinion (15) with arrange flurry road and be rotatably connected and arrange the row avenging adjustable angle and avenge part (12).
5. a kind of high-efficiency and energy-saving type snow removing vehicle according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described thermal turbine snow blowing apparatus comprises the turbofan (13) by driven by motor, between air-out passage and turbofan air outlet, for heating turbofan leaving air temp and from power taking described snow removing vehicle or the resistance ring by battery and inverter power supply, be arranged at turbofan air outlet and the air-out passage (14) of cross section in " people " font, and for encapsulating the blower housing (16) of turbofan, resistance ring; Wherein, the openend of air-out passage is towards orbital plane, and it is communicated with turbofan air outlet relative to one end of openend.
6. a kind of high-efficiency and energy-saving type snow removing vehicle according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described Pneumatic rotary deicer comprises double H-type buffering stand, upper end and double H-type cushion stand soffit and are connected and the servo lifting apparatus (20) cushioning stand for lifting double H-type, be arranged on the combined type deicing brush on double H-type buffering stand upper surface, for described Pneumatic rotary deicer runs the pneumatic system providing power, and for controlling the control system of servo lifting apparatus (20) and combined type deicing brush;
Wherein, described combined type deicing brush comprise rotopeening head (25), rotate steel brush (26), to rotate in nylon bruss (27) any one or multiple arbitrarily;
Described rotopeening head (25) comprises the striking head rotating cylinder (251) be arranged on double H-type buffering stand upper surface, and is fastenedly connected by flexible link belt (252) knocks body (253) on striking head rotating cylinder (251);
Described rotation steel brush (26) comprises and is arranged on steel brush rotating cylinder (261) on double H-type buffering stand upper surface and is somely evenly arranged on the surperficial steel brush hair (262) of steel brush rotating cylinder (261);
Described rotation nylon bruss (27) comprises and is arranged on nylon bruss rotating cylinder (271) on double H-type buffering stand upper surface and is somely evenly arranged on the surperficial nylon brush hair (272) of nylon bruss rotating cylinder (271);
The rotary power of striking head rotating cylinder, steel brush rotating cylinder and nylon bruss rotating cylinder is provided by described pneumatic system.
7. a kind of high-efficiency and energy-saving type snow removing vehicle according to claim 6, is characterized in that, described double H-type buffering stand comprises opposing parallel setting from top to bottom and the H type upper beam (31) connected by elastic damper (30) and H type underbeam (32); Described servo lifting apparatus (20) is then connected with H type underbeam (32) lower end, and combined type deicing brush is then arranged on H type upper beam (31).
8. a kind of high-efficiency and energy-saving type snow removing vehicle according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described moist anti-icing fluid application device comprises lifting apparatus (21), be arranged on lifting apparatus (21) upper end and be lifted device (21) and drive the applicator system rising or decline, and be communicated with applicator system for it provides the anti-icing fluid feed mechanism of anti-icing fluid; This applicator system comprises backflash (22), be built in the reservoir (23) in backflash (22), and to be fixed on by bearing backflash (22) or reservoir (23) smear round brush (24), wherein, smearing round brush (24) bottom soaks in reservoir (23), and it is outside that its top is exposed to backflash (22), and backflash (22) is all communicated with anti-icing fluid feed mechanism with reservoir (23), and there is gap therebetween, this gap forms anti-icing fluid return flow line.
9. a kind of high-efficiency and energy-saving type snow removing vehicle according to claim 8, it is characterized in that, described reservoir (23) is groove structure, the height of its front end higher than the height of rear end, and is tiltedly installed with one end and this front end is fastenedly connected, the other end is to the first scraper plate (221) smeared round brush (24) upper end and extend at reservoir (23) leading inside; Described backflash (22) is groove structure, and its leading inside be tiltedly installed with one end and this front end is fastenedly connected, the other end to the second scraper plate (222) smeared round brush (24) upper end and extend, inner side is then tiltedly installed with one end and this rear end is fastenedly connected, the other end is to the baffle plate (223) smeared round brush (24) upper end and extend in its back-end.
10. a kind of high-efficiency and energy-saving type snow removing vehicle according to claim 9, is characterized in that, described anti-icing fluid feed mechanism comprises anti-icing fluid memory device, is connected and passes through the supply pump that feed tube (28) is connected with reservoir (23) with this anti-icing fluid memory device; Described backflash (22) is communicated with anti-icing fluid memory device by return duct (29).
CN201310457549.9A 2013-09-30 2013-09-30 Efficient energy-saving snow sweeper Active CN103452074B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201310457549.9A CN103452074B (en) 2013-09-30 2013-09-30 Efficient energy-saving snow sweeper

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201310457549.9A CN103452074B (en) 2013-09-30 2013-09-30 Efficient energy-saving snow sweeper

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN103452074A CN103452074A (en) 2013-12-18
CN103452074B true CN103452074B (en) 2015-04-08

Family

ID=49734881

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201310457549.9A Active CN103452074B (en) 2013-09-30 2013-09-30 Efficient energy-saving snow sweeper

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN103452074B (en)

Families Citing this family (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104790324A (en) * 2015-04-20 2015-07-22 江苏佳鹿车辆有限公司 Novel motor sweeper
CN108474187A (en) * 2015-11-06 2018-08-31 阿尔若泰克有限公司 Device for collecting sundries
CN105356363B (en) * 2015-11-19 2017-08-29 国网河南孟津县供电公司 A kind of high-tension cable foreign body eliminating apparatus
CN106522148A (en) * 2016-12-30 2017-03-22 株洲中车特种装备科技有限公司 Ice and snow removal vehicle for straddle-type monorail viaduct
CN107165117B (en) * 2017-07-26 2018-12-07 重庆市祥贵源生态旅游开发有限公司 A kind of urban construction road deicing machine
CN110438932B (en) * 2019-08-27 2021-05-04 广东省科学院新材料研究所 Hot air snow remover for railway track
CN111828256A (en) * 2020-06-15 2020-10-27 武汉理工大学 Self-generating subway rail maintenance device

Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS5151730Y2 (en) * 1972-08-07 1976-12-10
CN86205456U (en) * 1986-08-02 1987-08-19 杜绍安 Ice-breaking, snow-removing and street-cleaning device for city roads
CN2570322Y (en) * 2002-08-30 2003-09-03 董少伟 Multifunctional road surface,land ice and snow sweeping vehicle
CN2595873Y (en) * 2001-08-06 2003-12-31 赵惠芬 Multufunction air jet snow cleaning vehicle
DE10337937A1 (en) * 2003-08-18 2005-03-24 Siemens Ag Process to hinder or prevent the icing up of an overhead wire along a railway passes an electric heating current through the wire
KR100933937B1 (en) * 2009-10-22 2010-01-06 이윤정 Plate of fixing for highvoltage overhead electric line
CN201649020U (en) * 2010-03-03 2010-11-24 迟树廷 Multifunctional snow removing and loading machine
CN102501867A (en) * 2011-11-23 2012-06-20 南车戚墅堰机车有限公司 Ice and snow removing locomotive
CN203498791U (en) * 2013-09-30 2014-03-26 林建辉 Efficient and energy-saving snow sweeper

Patent Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS5151730Y2 (en) * 1972-08-07 1976-12-10
CN86205456U (en) * 1986-08-02 1987-08-19 杜绍安 Ice-breaking, snow-removing and street-cleaning device for city roads
CN2595873Y (en) * 2001-08-06 2003-12-31 赵惠芬 Multufunction air jet snow cleaning vehicle
CN2570322Y (en) * 2002-08-30 2003-09-03 董少伟 Multifunctional road surface,land ice and snow sweeping vehicle
DE10337937A1 (en) * 2003-08-18 2005-03-24 Siemens Ag Process to hinder or prevent the icing up of an overhead wire along a railway passes an electric heating current through the wire
KR100933937B1 (en) * 2009-10-22 2010-01-06 이윤정 Plate of fixing for highvoltage overhead electric line
CN201649020U (en) * 2010-03-03 2010-11-24 迟树廷 Multifunctional snow removing and loading machine
CN102501867A (en) * 2011-11-23 2012-06-20 南车戚墅堰机车有限公司 Ice and snow removing locomotive
CN203498791U (en) * 2013-09-30 2014-03-26 林建辉 Efficient and energy-saving snow sweeper

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN103452074A (en) 2013-12-18

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN203498791U (en) Efficient and energy-saving snow sweeper
CN103452074B (en) Efficient energy-saving snow sweeper
CN205327066U (en) Moderate -low speed magnetic levitation engineer work vehicle
CN201097435Y (en) An ice eliminator for electric remote control high-voltage line
CN205348093U (en) Moderate -low speed magnetic levitation engineer work vehicle with snow removing ice -melt function
CN206874030U (en) A kind of road and bridge construction monitoring mounting bracket with height adjusting function
CN103469757B (en) A kind of multifunction snow removing car
CN203701028U (en) Onboard railway snow remover
CN108570959A (en) A kind of small-sized highway snow removal equipment
CN105470902B (en) Duplex becomes spacing electric wire deicing machine people
CN103469758A (en) Onboard railway snow remover
CN104480891A (en) Multifunctional snow removing vehicle
CN204266160U (en) A kind of multifunction snow removing car
CN103469756B (en) Snow removing headstock based on snow sweeper
CN107059755A (en) A kind of snow-removing device for ensureing road safety
CN109808854B (en) Quick snow and ice removing device for ship deck
CN107597648A (en) A kind of power equipment snow removing ice-melt clearing apparatus
CN205062638U (en) Car is clear away to road traffic marking
CN108643113B (en) Railway snow removing equipment with adjustable height
CN105714724A (en) Mechanical-thermal composite road deicing vehicle
CN203504111U (en) Pneumatic rotary deicing device
CN202705979U (en) Snow cleaning vehicle for airport and highway
CN210724146U (en) Deicing operation platform for power transmission and distribution line
CN108063414B (en) High-voltage wire deicing device capable of being stored in wire tower for long time
CN103696387B (en) A kind of roadmarking cleaning machine

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C06 Publication
PB01 Publication
C10 Entry into substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
TR01 Transfer of patent right
TR01 Transfer of patent right

Effective date of registration: 20171129

Address after: 213164 room 205, building B, Tianhong science and technology building, Wujin Science Education District, Changzhou, Jiangsu

Patentee after: Changzhou road boat track traffic Science and Technology Ltd.

Address before: 610000 Sichuan City, Jinniu District Province, No. Star Road, building 3, unit 10, No. 7, No. 13

Patentee before: Lin Jianhui