CN103340047A - Planting method for preventing successive cropping obstacles of tobacco - Google Patents

Planting method for preventing successive cropping obstacles of tobacco Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103340047A
CN103340047A CN2013103035154A CN201310303515A CN103340047A CN 103340047 A CN103340047 A CN 103340047A CN 2013103035154 A CN2013103035154 A CN 2013103035154A CN 201310303515 A CN201310303515 A CN 201310303515A CN 103340047 A CN103340047 A CN 103340047A
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China
Prior art keywords
tobacco
zymotic fluid
continuous cropping
soil
seed
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Pending
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CN2013103035154A
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Chinese (zh)
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周永珍
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Individual
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Individual
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Priority to CN2013103035154A priority Critical patent/CN103340047A/en
Publication of CN103340047A publication Critical patent/CN103340047A/en
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Abstract

The invention discloses a planting method for preventing the successive cropping obstacles of tobacco. The planting method comprises the following steps of: planting tobacco previous crops such as Leguminosae, sweet potatoes and garlic; performing sunshine sterilization and disinfection on soil in the day after the previous crops are harvested for 2 days; preparing successive cropping obstacle prevention fermentation liquid, and spraying the fermentation liquid on the soil according to the spraying amount of 20-30 kg/mu; immersing seeds in biogas slurry; and spraying the successive cropping obstacle prevention fermentation liquid for the second time.

Description

The kind method for planting of control tobacco continuous cropping obstacle
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of tobacco cultivation method, particularly relate to the kind method for planting of control tobacco continuous cropping obstacle.
Background technology
Along with the propelling of modern agriculture, scale and specialized crop production tissue continue to bring out, and have brought revolutionary challenge to the reform of cropping system degree, make same plot grow the same crop unavoidably for years; Tobacco is used economic crops as a kind of hobby leaf based on the results nutrition organs, has the characteristics of not anti-continuous cropping; A lot of pathogens of tobacco can be survived in soil or in the residual body of cigarette strain 2~3a even longer time, and continuous cropping provides advantage for parasitism and the propagation of pathogen, and the cigarette strain disease that causes thus becomes the matter of utmost importance of restriction tobacco production; Poly-aspartic-acid (polyasparticacid; English abbreviation PASP) be a kind of polymer of amino acid, a kind of water-soluble polypeptide, biodegradable, have certain biologically active, its as fertilizer sources synergist, can absorb with enrichment soil in the element favourable to plant growth, can improve fertilizer utilization ratio, strengthen crops resistance.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved by this invention provides a kind of cultivation method of controlling the tobacco continuous cropping obstacle, this method by suppress pathogen infringement in the soil and degraded to the tobacco root secretion from poisonous substance matter to improve the anti obstacle to continuous cropping ability of tobacco.
In order to overcome the above problems the kind method for planting that the invention provides control tobacco continuous cropping obstacle, may further comprise the steps:
The first step: stubble is pulse family, sweet potato, garlic before the plantation tobacco; Preceding stubble harvesting back soil carries out daylight sterilizing 2d daytime, can utilize uviol lamp sterilization 2d in case of overcast and rainy in booth;
Second step: the anti-continuous cropping zymotic fluid of preparation: rascal, the dried immature fruit of citron orange, Kaempferia galanga, turmeric as matrix, are inoculated Trichoderma, and 28 ℃ of light cultivated for two weeks, made zymotic fluid, were sprayed to soil, and the sprinkling amount is 20~30kg/ mu.
The 3rd step: natural pond liquid seed soaking: select fine day to bask seeds, ted 1~2 day, removal of impurities will be shone good seed then and be invaded natural pond liquid, soak 10 hours, and seed soaking should clean up seed after finishing with clear water, dry then, in order to vernalization, sowing;
The 4th step: anti-continuous cropping zymotic fluid secondary sprays: adopt the mode of root outer spraying, tobacco was transplanted in one week of back, the zymotic fluid 32kg that every mu of clear water dilution that sprays to sneak into poly-aspartic-acid 1.6kg is 1 times.
Useful effect: use the inventive method by suppress pathogen infringement in the soil and improve the microenvironment of tobacco soil and decompose to the tobacco root secretion from poisonous substance matter, not only can control the tobacco continuous cropping obstacle, promote the plant physiology metabolism, and can strengthen disease-resistant, the anti-adversity of tobacco plant, poly-aspartic-acid has fertilizer synergistic, improved utilization rate of fertilizer, above method synthesis utilization has improved the anti-continuous cropping ability of tobacco in tobacco cultivation.
Embodiment
Be further described below in conjunction with the present invention of embodiment:
A kind of kind method for planting of preventing and treating the tobacco continuous cropping obstacle may further comprise the steps:
The first step: stubble should be pulse family, sweet potato, garlic before the plantation tobacco; Preceding stubble harvesting back soil carries out the daylight sterilizing daytime, can utilize the uviol lamp sterilization in case of overcast and rainy in booth;
Second step: the anti-continuous cropping zymotic fluid of preparation: rascal, the dried immature fruit of citron orange, Kaempferia galanga, turmeric as matrix, are inoculated Trichoderma, and 28 ℃ of light cultivated for two weeks, made zymotic fluid, were sprayed to soil, and the sprinkling amount is 20~30kg/ mu.
[0008] the 3rd step: natural pond liquid seed soaking: select fine day to bask seeds, ted 1~2 day, removal of impurities will be shone good seed then and be invaded natural pond liquid, soak 10 hours, and seed soaking should clean up seed after finishing with clear water, dry then, in order to vernalization, sowing;
The 4th step: anti-continuous cropping zymotic fluid secondary sprays: adopt the mode of root outer spraying, tobacco was transplanted in one week of back, the zymotic fluid 32kg that every mu of clear water dilution that sprays to sneak into poly-aspartic-acid 1.6kg is 1 times;
The present invention has confirmed in the continuous cropping obstacle control efficiency that ground such as Pukou, Nanjing, Jiangning carry out, and obviously improves with its survival rate of this method control tobacco continuous cropping obstacle, can effectively overcome the tobacco continuous cropping obstacle.

Claims (1)

1. the kind method for planting of control tobacco continuous cropping obstacle is characterized in that, may further comprise the steps:
The first step: stubble is pulse family, sweet potato, garlic before the plantation tobacco; Preceding stubble harvesting back soil carries out daylight sterilizing 2d daytime, can utilize uviol lamp sterilization 2d in case of overcast and rainy in booth;
Second step: the anti-continuous cropping zymotic fluid of preparation: rascal, the dried immature fruit of citron orange, Kaempferia galanga, turmeric as matrix, are inoculated Trichoderma, and 28 ℃ of light cultivated for two weeks, made zymotic fluid, were sprayed to soil, and the sprinkling amount is 20~30kg/ mu;
The 3rd step: natural pond liquid seed soaking: select fine day to bask seeds, ted 1~2 day, removal of impurities will be shone good seed then and be invaded natural pond liquid, soak 10 hours, and seed soaking should clean up seed after finishing with clear water, dry then, in order to vernalization, sowing;
The 4th step: anti-continuous cropping zymotic fluid secondary sprays: adopt the mode of root outer spraying, tobacco was transplanted in one week of back, the zymotic fluid 32kg that every mu of clear water dilution that sprays to sneak into poly-aspartic-acid 1.6kg is 1 times.
CN2013103035154A 2013-07-19 2013-07-19 Planting method for preventing successive cropping obstacles of tobacco Pending CN103340047A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2013103035154A CN103340047A (en) 2013-07-19 2013-07-19 Planting method for preventing successive cropping obstacles of tobacco

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2013103035154A CN103340047A (en) 2013-07-19 2013-07-19 Planting method for preventing successive cropping obstacles of tobacco

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN103340047A true CN103340047A (en) 2013-10-09

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104012354A (en) * 2014-06-07 2014-09-03 长沙宇晟农业科技有限公司 Organic selenium enrichment red rice planting technique
CN104396499A (en) * 2014-11-05 2015-03-11 中国烟草总公司郑州烟草研究院 Catch cropping method for preventing and controlling black shank of flue-cured tobacco
CN104541876A (en) * 2014-12-31 2015-04-29 贵州省烟草公司遵义市公司 Planting method for relieving continuous cropping obstacle of tobacco plantation soil
CN104855216A (en) * 2015-05-11 2015-08-26 怀远县荆涂山石榴科技有限公司 Seedling culture method for preventing pomegranate seedling root rotting through symbiotic edible fungi
CN109122166A (en) * 2018-06-28 2019-01-04 蚌埠市禹会区马城胡本号家庭农场 A kind of implantation methods of continuous cropping soya bean
CN109566319A (en) * 2018-12-10 2019-04-05 中国农业科学院麻类研究所 A kind of implantation methods for alleviating ramie continuous cropping obstacle
CN114451117A (en) * 2022-02-22 2022-05-10 广东中烟工业有限责任公司 Topdressing method for flue-cured tobacco

Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN100466909C (en) * 2006-07-31 2009-03-11 云南生物制药有限公司 Production of trichodermin agricultural chemicals
CN102382791A (en) * 2011-11-21 2012-03-21 滨州职业学院 Fermentation process of trichoderma

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN100466909C (en) * 2006-07-31 2009-03-11 云南生物制药有限公司 Production of trichodermin agricultural chemicals
CN102382791A (en) * 2011-11-21 2012-03-21 滨州职业学院 Fermentation process of trichoderma

Non-Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
李莉: "《微生物基础技术》", 31 October 2010 *

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104012354A (en) * 2014-06-07 2014-09-03 长沙宇晟农业科技有限公司 Organic selenium enrichment red rice planting technique
CN104396499A (en) * 2014-11-05 2015-03-11 中国烟草总公司郑州烟草研究院 Catch cropping method for preventing and controlling black shank of flue-cured tobacco
CN104541876A (en) * 2014-12-31 2015-04-29 贵州省烟草公司遵义市公司 Planting method for relieving continuous cropping obstacle of tobacco plantation soil
CN104855216A (en) * 2015-05-11 2015-08-26 怀远县荆涂山石榴科技有限公司 Seedling culture method for preventing pomegranate seedling root rotting through symbiotic edible fungi
CN109122166A (en) * 2018-06-28 2019-01-04 蚌埠市禹会区马城胡本号家庭农场 A kind of implantation methods of continuous cropping soya bean
CN109566319A (en) * 2018-12-10 2019-04-05 中国农业科学院麻类研究所 A kind of implantation methods for alleviating ramie continuous cropping obstacle
CN114451117A (en) * 2022-02-22 2022-05-10 广东中烟工业有限责任公司 Topdressing method for flue-cured tobacco

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Application publication date: 20131009