CN103301919A - Automatic organic material crushing and dewatering machine and crushing and dewatering method - Google Patents

Automatic organic material crushing and dewatering machine and crushing and dewatering method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103301919A
CN103301919A CN201310179769XA CN201310179769A CN103301919A CN 103301919 A CN103301919 A CN 103301919A CN 201310179769X A CN201310179769X A CN 201310179769XA CN 201310179769 A CN201310179769 A CN 201310179769A CN 103301919 A CN103301919 A CN 103301919A
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China
Prior art keywords
storehouse
bin
hobboing cutter
crushing
dewatering
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CN201310179769XA
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103301919B (en
Inventor
吴春梅
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深圳市三盛环保科技有限公司
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Priority to CN201310179769.XA priority Critical patent/CN103301919B/en
Publication of CN103301919A publication Critical patent/CN103301919A/en
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Publication of CN103301919B publication Critical patent/CN103301919B/en

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Abstract

The invention discloses an automatic organic material crushing and dewatering machine which comprises a base frame, a feeding bucket, a hob crushing device, a driving chain wheel, a spiral feeding bin, an extruding dewatering bin, a spiral discharge bin, a discharge variable speed link group, a discharge port and a main motor, wherein the driving chain wheel, the spiral feeding bin, the extruding dewatering bin, the spiral discharge bin and the discharge variable speed link group are connected in sequence by screw rods; a water collecting bucket is arranged below the extruding dewatering bin; the hob crushing device is composed of a set of special crossed hobs with double blades and three blades and driven to operate by a pair of variable gears connected with the hobs; and screw rod structures are arranged in the spiral feeding bin and the spiral discharge bin, and spiral blade structures are arranged on screw rods to continuously push materials. The invention further discloses a crushing and dewatering method which uses the automatic organic material crushing and dewatering machine; different organic materials can be crushed and dewatered; the defects of the existing equipment available on the market are overcome; the automatic organic material crushing and dewatering machine has the advantages of simplicity and convenience in operation and maintenance; the service efficiency and the working efficiency of the equipment are improved; additionally, the operating environment is improved; and the wear of the equipment is reduced.

Description

A kind of organic materials is pulverized dewaterer automatically and is pulverized dewatering

Technical field

The invention belongs to biological plantation such as food processing, farming and animal husbandry, bio-pharmaceuticals, afforestation mechanical field, relate in particular to a kind of organic materials and pulverize dewaterer automatically and pulverize dewatering.

Background technology

By the similar equipment at present present market is analyzed and investigated, find that the market is used for the equipment of pulverizing and dehydration, or can only handle the material at rigid material, hobboing cutter design as reducing mechanism, can only be at pulverize glass, non-ferrous metal etc. as rigid plastics; Be exactly at soft materials material such as flexible glue, paper, cloth, the root leaf of plant, rice bar etc.If but will pulverize at the material of the comparatively complicated vegetables and fruits class of composition organic matter simultaneously, will cause hobboing cutter to stop up, because pulverizing not exclusively and big pulverizing and the dewatering efficiency of influencing of material difference, increased maintenance cost simultaneously.

Summary of the invention

The objective of the invention is to remedy the deficiencies in the prior art and a kind of easy and simple to handle, easy to maintenance, service efficiency of improving equipment be provided, improve operating environment simultaneously, the organic materials that reduces equipment loss pulverizes dewaterer automatically and pulverizes dewatering.

For achieving the above object, technical scheme of the present invention is:

A kind of organic materials is pulverized dewaterer automatically, comprise underframe, material bin, the hobboing cutter breaker, drive sprocket, the screw feeding storehouse, the extrusion dehydration storehouse, the spiral discharging storehouse, discharging speed change link group, discharging opening and main motor, described drive sprocket, the screw feeding storehouse, the extrusion dehydration storehouse, spiral discharging storehouse and discharging speed change link group connect in turn by screw rod, described extrusion dehydration storehouse has water collecting bin, described hobboing cutter breaker is made up of the abnormity intersection hobboing cutter of a cover twolip and three swords, by a pair of change-speed gearing driving work that links to each other with hobboing cutter, be provided with the screw rod structure in described screw feeding storehouse and the spiral discharging storehouse, screw rod is provided with the helical blade structure, realizes the continuous propelling movement of material.

Preferably, the continuous gear of the hobboing cutter of described hobboing cutter breaker drives twolip and three sword hobboing cutter differential motions with 1: 3 differential.

Preferably, the top of described broken hobboing cutter device is provided with the pectination scarfing cinder plate of residual material in the separable blade.

Preferably, described extrusion dehydration has even dewatering hole on the storehouse, and moisture is deviate from through dewatering hole under the pressure effect.

Preferably, both sides, described screw feeding storehouse are provided with stock stopping door, and described extrusion dehydration storehouse is equipped with door up and down.

The above-mentioned organic materials of a kind of use is pulverized dewaterer automatically and is carried out material pulverizing dehydration method, comprises following steps:

(1) main motor is opened, and organic class material is sent to material bin by conveyer belt;

(2) the hobboing cutter cracking cabin rotates, twolip work in coordination with the 3-edge surgical knife group and rotating speed different, produce operation relatively by speed difference and cut, cut into shape in small, broken bits with sending the material that comes to;

(3) material after the screw rod in the feeding storehouse and helical blade structure will be pulverized is brought into the extrusion dehydration storehouse continually, along with filling up of material, it is big that the storehouse internal pressure becomes, reach certain pressure after, moisture flows out from the dewatering hole of door up and down in the material, enters into the drip pan discharging;

(4) screw rod and the helical blade structure that goes out in the feed bin initially keeps inactive state, and after drainage bin pressure reached dehydrating effect, the screw rod and the helical blade structure that go out in the feed bin brought into operation, and material is taken out of in drainage bin, send by discharging opening.

Above-mentioned organic materials of the present invention is pulverized dewaterer automatically and is carried out material and pulverize dehydration method, overcome the deficiency on the existing equipment on the market, operate fairly simple convenience, described twolip and relative operation of three swords intersection hobboing cutter differential, except shearing function, also possesses the function of tearing for material simultaneously, the frictional force that the suitable displacement that produces because of speed difference produces, can squeeze out the particle that remains between the cutter seam well, crush efficiency and quality have been improved, the equipment that makes also is easy to safeguard, has improved operating environment; The feeding screw axle of collocation function of use high speed and the discharging helical axis of low speed, the speed of front and back two helical axis differs greatly, and can keep certain pressure in the relative motion, guarantees that the material of sending can reach the effect that best dehydration is extracted; By at feeding storehouse both sides designs stock stopping door, extrusion cabin upper and lower settings door, that has realized exempting to dismantle maintains easily, and has reduced maintenance cost.The organic material that entire equipment can be used for differing texture carries out broken processed, has improved the service efficiency of equipment, has reduced the loss of equipment.

Description of drawings

Fig. 1 is the structural representation of a kind of embodiment of automatic pulverizing dewaterer of the present invention.

Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the hobboing cutter breaker of automatic pulverizing dewaterer of the present invention.

Fig. 3 is the structural representation of pectination scarfing cinder plate on the hobboing cutter breaker top of automatic pulverizing dewaterer of the present invention.

Fig. 4 is the screw feeding discharging of automatic pulverizing dewaterer of the present invention and the structural representation of drainage bin.

Fig. 5 is the structural representation of automatic pulverizing dewaterer peripheral hardware stock stopping door of the present invention and dehydration door.

The specific embodiment

Technical scheme is for a better understanding of the present invention described embodiment provided by the invention in detail below in conjunction with accompanying drawing.

As shown in Figure 1, one of purpose of the present invention is to provide a kind of organic materials to pulverize dewaterer automatically, comprise underframe 11, material bin 1, hobboing cutter breaker 2, drive sprocket 10, screw feeding storehouse 3, extrusion dehydration storehouse 4, spiral discharging storehouse 5, discharging speed change link group 6, discharging opening 7 and main motor 9, described drive sprocket 10, screw feeding storehouse 3, extrusion dehydration storehouse 4, spiral discharging storehouse 5 and discharging speed change link group 6 connect in turn by screw rod, and described extrusion dehydration storehouse 4 has water collecting bin 8.

As shown in Figure 2, described hobboing cutter breaker 2 is made up of the abnormity intersection hobboing cutter of a cover twolip 21 and three swords 22, and comparatively typically, described twolip hobboing cutter and three sword cutter diameters are 189mm, and interior shaft diameter is 80mm.

Described twolip hobboing cutter and a pair of change-speed gearing 23 driving work of three sword hobboing cutters by linking to each other with hobboing cutter, described gear 23 drives twolip and three sword hobboing cutter differential motions with 1: 3 differential, therefore can produce suitable displacement movement between hobboing cutter and the hobboing cutter, except shearing function, also possesses the function of tearing for material simultaneously, the frictional force that the suitable displacement that produces because of speed difference simultaneously produces can squeeze out the particle that remains between the cutter seam.As shown in Figure 3, the top of broken hobboing cutter device 2 also is provided with the pectination scarfing cinder plate 24 of residual material in the separable blade.

As shown in Figure 4, be respectively equipped with the screw rod structure in described screw feeding storehouse 3 and the spiral discharging storehouse 5, screw rod is provided with helical blade structure 31,51, realizes the continuous propelling movement of material, has even dewatering hole on the described extrusion dehydration storehouse 4.Particularly, mass transport is pushed material endlessly by the driving of helical blade 31 by worm speed reducer toward a figure left side, when sending into extrusion cabin 4, owing to be subjected to stopping of spiral discharging helical blade 51, the material internal pressure raises rapidly, and the moisture of material inside is deviate from outside the storehouse.Constantly increase because of pressure simultaneously, trigger pressure switch during to set pressure, thereby the arrangement of clutch startup sprocket wheel in the discharging this moment speed-changing chain group 6 drives the discharging screw rod material is brought out endlessly.

As shown in Figure 5,3 both sides, described screw feeding storehouse are provided with stock stopping door 4, and described extrusion dehydration storehouse 4 is equipped with door 42 up and down, makes equipment in maintenance process, exempt from dismounting basically and just can safeguard, and are very convenient, reduced maintenance cost and labour intensity.

Another object of the present invention is to provide the above-mentioned organic materials of a kind of use to pulverize dewaterer automatically and pulverize dehydration method, comprise following steps:

(1) main motor is opened, and organic class material is sent to material bin by conveyer belt;

(2) the hobboing cutter cracking cabin rotates, twolip work in coordination with the 3-edge surgical knife group and rotating speed different, produce operation relatively by speed difference and cut, cut into shape in small, broken bits with sending the material that comes to;

(3) material after the screw rod in the feeding storehouse and helical blade structure will be pulverized is brought into the extrusion dehydration storehouse continually, along with filling up of material, it is big that the storehouse internal pressure becomes, reach certain pressure after, moisture flows out from the dewatering hole of door up and down in the material, enters into the drip pan discharging;

(4) screw rod and the helical blade structure that goes out in the feed bin initially keeps inactive state, and after drainage bin pressure reached dehydrating effect, the screw rod and the helical blade structure that go out in the feed bin brought into operation, and material is taken out of in drainage bin, send by discharging opening.

Above-mentioned organic materials of the present invention is pulverized dewaterer automatically and is pulverized dewatering, can carry out broken processed at the organic material of differing texture, overcome the deficiency on the existing equipment on the market, easy and simple to handle, safeguard very convenient, both improve service efficiency and the operating efficiency of equipment, improved operating environment simultaneously, reduced the loss of equipment.

Above content is preferred embodiment of the present invention only, and for those of ordinary skill in the art, according to thought of the present invention, the part that all can change in specific embodiments and applications, this description should not be construed as limitation of the present invention.

Claims (6)

1. an organic materials is pulverized dewaterer automatically, it is characterized in that, comprise underframe, material bin, the hobboing cutter breaker, drive sprocket, the screw feeding storehouse, the extrusion dehydration storehouse, the spiral discharging storehouse, discharging speed change link group, discharging opening and main motor, described drive sprocket, the screw feeding storehouse, the extrusion dehydration storehouse, spiral discharging storehouse and discharging speed change link group connect in turn by screw rod, described extrusion dehydration storehouse has water collecting bin, described hobboing cutter breaker is made up of the abnormity intersection hobboing cutter of a cover twolip and three swords, by a pair of change-speed gearing driving work that links to each other with hobboing cutter, be provided with the screw rod structure in described screw feeding storehouse and the spiral discharging storehouse, screw rod is provided with the helical blade structure, realizes the continuous propelling movement of material.
2. a kind of organic materials as claimed in claim 1 is pulverized dewaterer automatically, it is characterized in that, the continuous gear of the hobboing cutter of described hobboing cutter breaker drives twolip and three sword hobboing cutter differential motions with 1: 3 differential.
3. pulverize dewaterer automatically as claim 1 or the described a kind of organic materials of claim 2, it is characterized in that, the top of described broken hobboing cutter device is provided with the pectination scarfing cinder plate of residual material in the separable blade.
4. a kind of organic materials as claimed in claim 1 is pulverized dewaterer automatically, it is characterized in that, described extrusion dehydration has even dewatering hole on the storehouse, and moisture is deviate from through dewatering hole under the pressure effect.
5. a kind of organic materials as claimed in claim 1 is pulverized dewaterer automatically, it is characterized in that, both sides, described screw feeding storehouse are provided with stock stopping door, and described extrusion dehydration storehouse is equipped with door up and down.
6. a right to use requires 1 described organic materials to pulverize dewaterer automatically to carry out material and pulverize dehydration method, it is characterized in that, comprise following steps:
(1) main motor is opened, and organic class material is sent to material bin by conveyer belt;
(2) the hobboing cutter cracking cabin rotates, twolip work in coordination with the 3-edge surgical knife group and rotating speed different, produce operation relatively by speed difference and cut, cut into shape in small, broken bits with sending the material that comes to;
(3) material after the screw rod in the feeding storehouse and helical blade structure will be pulverized is brought into the extrusion dehydration storehouse continually, along with filling up of material, it is big that the storehouse internal pressure becomes, reach certain pressure after, moisture flows out from the dewatering hole of door up and down in the material, enters into the drip pan discharging;
(4) screw rod and the helical blade structure that goes out in the feed bin initially keeps inactive state, and after drainage bin pressure reached dehydrating effect, the screw rod and the helical blade structure that go out in the feed bin brought into operation, and material is taken out of in drainage bin, send by discharging opening.
CN201310179769.XA 2013-05-13 2013-05-13 A kind of organic materials automatic crushing dewaterer and crushing/dewatering method CN103301919B (en)

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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103769281A (en) * 2014-01-17 2014-05-07 京科高创(北京)新技术发展有限公司 Dehydration treatment device of feed grinder and operation method thereof
CN103769267A (en) * 2014-02-10 2014-05-07 宁波长荣酿造设备有限公司 Slag cloth separation machine
CN103977873A (en) * 2014-04-18 2014-08-13 北京奥朗德应急环保装备科技有限公司 Wringing-function pulverizer suitable for movable incineration device
CN105618213A (en) * 2016-03-23 2016-06-01 广西壮族自治区农业科学院农产品加工研究所 Novel crushing and dehydrating feed processing equipment
CN106000577A (en) * 2016-05-20 2016-10-12 范志杰 Greasy dirt garbage treatment mechanism
CN106607134A (en) * 2015-11-04 2017-05-03 玉门油田科达化学有限责任公司 Flour mill continuous discharge device
CN106733074A (en) * 2016-11-25 2017-05-31 广西壮族自治区农业科学院农产品加工研究所 A kind of reducing mechanism and the crushing pressing integrated equipment comprising it
CN106827620A (en) * 2017-03-25 2017-06-13 无锡市翱宇特新科技发展有限公司 A kind of circular press machine

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH04180853A (en) * 1990-11-14 1992-06-29 Hitachi Kiyoushiyou:Kk Consistent treatment machine for garbage crushing, grinding and dehydrating
KR20110025465A (en) * 2009-09-04 2011-03-10 (주)대업환경 Food and trash dehydration system
CN202438532U (en) * 2012-02-21 2012-09-19 厦门环创水工业科技有限公司 Rotary drum type integrated crushing type grid conveying and compressing device
CN102909213A (en) * 2012-10-25 2013-02-06 江苏省农业科学院 Device for treating aquatic plants in real time and application of device
CN103084237A (en) * 2013-01-29 2013-05-08 青岛聚蚨源机电有限公司 Geometric-pitch screw extrusion pulverization lifting box
CN203389726U (en) * 2013-05-13 2014-01-15 深圳市三盛环保科技有限公司 Automatic organic material crushing and dewatering machine

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH04180853A (en) * 1990-11-14 1992-06-29 Hitachi Kiyoushiyou:Kk Consistent treatment machine for garbage crushing, grinding and dehydrating
KR20110025465A (en) * 2009-09-04 2011-03-10 (주)대업환경 Food and trash dehydration system
CN202438532U (en) * 2012-02-21 2012-09-19 厦门环创水工业科技有限公司 Rotary drum type integrated crushing type grid conveying and compressing device
CN102909213A (en) * 2012-10-25 2013-02-06 江苏省农业科学院 Device for treating aquatic plants in real time and application of device
CN103084237A (en) * 2013-01-29 2013-05-08 青岛聚蚨源机电有限公司 Geometric-pitch screw extrusion pulverization lifting box
CN203389726U (en) * 2013-05-13 2014-01-15 深圳市三盛环保科技有限公司 Automatic organic material crushing and dewatering machine

Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103769281A (en) * 2014-01-17 2014-05-07 京科高创(北京)新技术发展有限公司 Dehydration treatment device of feed grinder and operation method thereof
CN103769281B (en) * 2014-01-17 2015-09-30 京科高创(北京)新技术发展有限公司 A kind of feed grinder dewaters complete treatment facility and method of operating
CN103769267A (en) * 2014-02-10 2014-05-07 宁波长荣酿造设备有限公司 Slag cloth separation machine
CN103769267B (en) * 2014-02-10 2015-12-02 宁波长荣酿造设备有限公司 A kind of slag-cloth separating machine
CN103977873A (en) * 2014-04-18 2014-08-13 北京奥朗德应急环保装备科技有限公司 Wringing-function pulverizer suitable for movable incineration device
CN103977873B (en) * 2014-04-18 2016-05-04 北京奥朗德应急环保装备科技有限公司 A kind of pulverizer with water squeezing feature that is applicable to portable incinerating apparatus
CN106607134A (en) * 2015-11-04 2017-05-03 玉门油田科达化学有限责任公司 Flour mill continuous discharge device
CN106607134B (en) * 2015-11-04 2018-08-28 玉门油田科达化学有限责任公司 A kind of flour mill continuous discharging device
CN105618213A (en) * 2016-03-23 2016-06-01 广西壮族自治区农业科学院农产品加工研究所 Novel crushing and dehydrating feed processing equipment
CN106000577A (en) * 2016-05-20 2016-10-12 范志杰 Greasy dirt garbage treatment mechanism
CN106733074A (en) * 2016-11-25 2017-05-31 广西壮族自治区农业科学院农产品加工研究所 A kind of reducing mechanism and the crushing pressing integrated equipment comprising it
CN106827620A (en) * 2017-03-25 2017-06-13 无锡市翱宇特新科技发展有限公司 A kind of circular press machine

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