CN103046218B - Process for manufacturing antibacterial and abrasion-resistant lace from apocynum venetum fibers - Google Patents

Process for manufacturing antibacterial and abrasion-resistant lace from apocynum venetum fibers Download PDF

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CN103046218B
CN103046218B CN201210582826.4A CN201210582826A CN103046218B CN 103046218 B CN103046218 B CN 103046218B CN 201210582826 A CN201210582826 A CN 201210582826A CN 103046218 B CN103046218 B CN 103046218B
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refining
fibre
lace
long fiber
nettle
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CN103046218A (en
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郑春华
潘宇
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Fujian Hanggang Knitwear Co., Ltd.
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FUJIAN CHANGLE HANGGANG TEXTILE Co Ltd
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Abstract

The invention relates to a process for manufacturing antibacterial and abrasion-resistant lace from apocynum venetum fibers. The process has the advantages that after a special design for fiber preprocessing, yarn spinning, lace forming and weaving and low-temperature heating post-processing and special optimization for relevant parameters, technical difficult problems that large quantities of chemical antibacterial agents are used in the prior art, damage environments and injure users, and laces are not graceful, are hardened and stiff, and are complicated in pattern, troublesome in process, high in production cost and difficult to popularize are solved, characteristics of fabrics made from natural fibers can be kept, and excellent technical effects such as graceful style, lightness, thinness and breathability of the lace are realized.

Description

The preparation technology of the roses and lace of antibiotic wear-resisting apocynum fibre
Technical field
The present invention relates to roses and lace technical field, relate in particular to a kind of preparation technology of roses and lace, relate in particular a kind of preparation technology of roses and lace of antibiotic wear-resisting apocynum fibre.
Background technology
Recent two decades comes, and lace fabric fashion is luxurious, natural, graceful and poised gracefulness, is a kind of fabric that welcome by women, but traditional lace fabric is frivolous, is often only applicable to the time clothes of spring and summer money, and is not suitable for fashionable dress autumn and winter, and its market is very limited.
Bubble lace is the seersucker inspiration invention in woven fabric, allow the ordinary single lace cloth of script wear the special cloth cover effect of similar bubble shape, manifest the lovely one side of lace fabric, had stronger third dimension simultaneously, worn the advantages such as not next to the skin.
Bubble lace is in the past to form by chemical action, utilizes cloth cover to run into the principle that concentrated base will shrink.The part that lace fabric runs into concentrated base effect in postprocessing working procedures will shrink, the part of effect just can not shrink, cloth cover just forms the special cloth cover effect of similar bubble shape gradually like this, the bubble lace that this method obtains has a shortcoming exactly through after repeatedly washing by rubbing with the hands, and bubble can be smooth gradually.And raw material is restriction to some extent also, can only be cotton or cotton and blend polyester.This development to bubble lace has formed huge obstruction.
Spandex core-spun yarn object construction consists of two parts, the interior lines that spandex is spandex core-spun yarn, and spandex is the macromolecular compound material of chemical synthesis, in spandex line outside, with the thin cotton of natural high-quality, wraps up, and has just formed spandex core-spun yarn.Spandex core-spun yarn had both had textile good hygroscopicity, had again good resilience, was widely used in the production of health elastic force cloth.
Bamboo charcoal is to adopt to be grown in the 5 years above mao bamboons in south, through earth kiln, fires and forms, and bamboo-carbon fibre is to take the functional fibre that ultra-fine bamboo charcoal makes as main raw material.Be a kind of by efficient absorption and transmitting far infrared, anion releasing and have moisturizing, improves microcirculation, suppresses the functional fibre of the health cares such as microorganism.That bamboo charcoal fibre face fabric has is warming, temperature adjustment, antibiotic, damping, antiallergy, negative ion-releasing function.Bamboo charcoal fibre face fabric absorbs the far infrared in light, the heat that is translated into self stores, far infrared in strong absorption light, also little disconnected outwards emitting far-infrared, and human body is also the sensitive body of far infrared, far infrared is had to strong absorption, when human body skin runs into far infrared, can there is the situation similar to its resonance motion, absorb far infrared and motion is further intensified, be converted into self heat energy, the temperature of skin surface has raise with regard to corresponding, like this, just played positive thermal effect.Bamboo charcoal fibre face fabric is mainly used in underwear, underwear, Sport & Casual dress and overcoat, socks, towel and bedding etc.Bamboo charcoal fibre face fabric is described as " healthy fabric that 21st century has development prospect most " by insider, along with the continuous pursuit of the mankind to " ecological, healthy, environmental protection " theory, bamboo-carbon fibre industry has more vast potential for future development, the exploitation of bamboo-carbon fibre has broken through traditional bamboo wood Application Areas, enriched the trend that meets developing green textiles, the class that has improved textiles has increased product competitiveness in the world.
Lace, English lace, be translated into lace, a kind of thing from abroad of roses and lace, originally in order to prevent clothes off-clip, off-line and to use, along with technique continuous renewal lace use is also more and more wider, product was more attractive in appearance to meet people's aesthetic requirement, with lace, as underwear fabric, was favored by women always afterwards.Lace is mostly that material knitting forms with spandex, polyamide fibre, nylon, and prior art is generally made women's lace underwear fabric without bamboo-carbon fibre.
Although bamboo-carbon fibre has plurality of advantages, also there is its weakness.The chemical composition of bamboo-carbon fibre is mainly cellulose, half fiber and lignin, three belongs to high glycan, total amount accounts for the more than 90% of fiber dry mass, next is that protein, fat, pectin, tannin, pigment, ash grade, great majority are present in cell inner chamber or special organelle, participate in directly or indirectly its physiological action.Bamboo-carbon fibre is the natural bamboo-carbon fibre that the method that adopts physics, chemistry to combine is produced.Produce process: bamboo wood-bamboo chip processed-steaming bamboo chip-crushing decomposition-biological enzyme degumming-carded fiber--textile fiber.In weaving process, due to the easy moisture absorption of bamboo-carbon fibre, low-intensity, wetly extend large and plastic deformation is large, very easily brittle failure, the problem such as broken yarn is shut down, and underwear elasticity is not good enough.In clothing manufacturing, 100% bamboo-carbon fibre also could not fine solution shrink problem, and feel and drapability are also to be improved, so how to have carried out dyeing and finishing processing for BLENDED FABRIC, reduces interfibrous influencing each other and also need research.
At present, roses and lace fabric is a kind of weaving face fabric with remarkable jacquard weave effect.According to the difference of production method and equipment, be mainly divided into raschel lace, Levi's's lace, Limerick lace three classes.
La Sheer roses and lace is generally produced on many comb Raschel loomss.Its processing method is mainly to rely on the dissimilar sley bar pad yarn that cooperatively interacts to form, and the comb shape that becomes to enclose the land becomes chaining spacer screen, and inlaid thread jacquard comb forms fancy base fabric, and inlaid thread flower comb forms clour effect as requested on fancy base fabric; Single needle inlaid thread spandex comb increases the vertical and horizontal elasticity of fabric.This type of lace belongs to medium-to-high grade fabric, and advantage is that kind is many, the design of flower type is convenient, and production efficiency is high; Shortcoming is that flexibility is general.
Levi's's roses and lace is to produce on the lace , Levi's lace machine occurring the earliest.Its processing method and cloth are weaved similar, by 10,000 threads, are worked simultaneously; Each details of flower type has two cards to control, and the principle of playing music with piano is the same.It belongs to high-grade fabric, and advantage is that pattern is meticulous clear, and third dimension is strong, and flexibility is best, is representing classical and noble; Shortcoming is that flower type design process is loaded down with trivial details, craftsmanship is required high, and production efficiency is low.
Embroidery roses and lace is divided into embroidery lace and hand embroidery lace two classes, take at present embroidery lace as main.Embroidery lace adopts automatic shuttle embroidery machine embroidered.Its processing method is that to take the fabric of various raw materials be grey cloth, makes to obtain on grey cloth floral designs under the effect of full-jacquard mechanism.It belongs to low and middle-grade fabrics, and advantage is that flower type is various, exquisite attractive in appearance, and production efficiency is high; Shortcoming is that feel is stiffening.
Along with people spend improving constantly of the requirements such as model formula, comfortableness to clothes, the production of roses and lace fabric should guarantee high efficiency, is badly in need of again improving soft degree, therefore, needs further raising technology, from process, innovates.
Clothes raw material as in the planting process of cotton, flax fibre for guaranteeing its output and quality, can a large amount of uses of insecticide, chemical fertilizer and herbicide, although the content remaining among clothes is very micro-, for a long time and skin contact, very harmful.Secondly, when storing and weaving cotton cloth dyeing and finishing, to use preservative agent, mould inhibitor, mothproofing agent, oxidant, catalyst, detergent, brighten the chemical substances such as fluorescent agent, these chemical substances remain on clothes, the lighter can cause allergic, respiratory passage diseases, and severe one can be brought out cancer, so increasing people are put into the sight of concern on nontoxic, safe textiles and green garment.
Application number is the fluorescent staining lace processing technology that 200910027728.2 Chinese invention patent " the lace processing technology of natural fabric material " has related to a kind of natural fabric material, this technique by grey cloth successively through pre-treatment, fluorescent staining, obtain finished product fabric after dewatering, cut open width, oven dry and sizing.But the fluorescer of its use can stimulate people's skin, likely can cause the diseases such as allergic, be unfavorable for that people's is healthy.
Lace is ornamental and very popular because of it, it is a very complicated process that traditional lace is made, it is to form with silk thread or the manual woollen yarn knitting of yarn according to certain pattern, these home built laces, conventionally be used in some above senior fashionable dress or royal family's indoor article on, ordinary people seldom sees.Along with scientific and technological development, present lace available machines used is produced in a large number, is no longer rare luxury goods.Existing lace can only, in a large number for interspersing dress ornament, make the sweet graceful and restrained of dress ornament change.For more tender and lovely skin, when wearing lace, can think that skin irritation is uncomfortable, can not wear next to the skin.
In prior art, knitting technology is by early stage hand woven, and large knitting needle braiding, develops into the extensive centralized production pattern that current mechanical automation weaves, and is that the application of quality, output, function or product at product has all had higher requirement.By current weaving technology, can produce the fabric with lace structure---knitted lace cloth, the fabric of this class lace structure is spent type unique style because of it, and is widely applied in fields such as clothing, decorations.Yet there is structural instability in the knitted lace cloth of prior art in knitting process, easily stressedly tear distortion, cause the inaesthetic problem of cloth profile.
Knitted lace cloth of the prior art generally adopts bonding on cloth cover or bonding lace construction fabric, but these knitted lace cloth exist connectivity poor, nonelastic, complex process, the problems such as production cost height.
(application number is Chinese invention patent: the weaving process that 01133968.3) discloses a kind of knitted lace cloth, this patent of invention is specially: providing a kind of can not need the bonding jointing material of tissue toward lace by other method not damage under lace state attractive in fashion, by the knitting resulting structure of the yarn to by forming stringer or resulting lace knitted fabric, carry out subsequent treatment, produce the knitting technology of the lace knitted fabric that skin feel is good, absorption of perspiration is strong.The stringer being knitted into useful warp thread in manufacture, the adjacent coil of stringer is suitably connected with weft yarn each other and in the manufacture of the lace knitted fabric that forms, the lint of retractable is formed and along stringer, enrolled under elongation state with telescopic yarn, simultaneously, from this stringer one side side, on knitting direction, form the lint forming portion of not enrolling on one side from continuous coil, to be enrolled by disappearing fibre and the fibrous terry yarn of non-solubility on one side, form lint, disappearing fibre is removed through dissolving.
As can be seen here, the problem that above-mentioned prior art exists is: weaving is complicated, need to use a large amount of special installations, and production cost is high, is difficult for promoting.
Therefore,, for problems of the prior art, need and provide that a kind of technique is simple, production cost is low, be easy to the weaving technology of the knitted lace cloth promoted badly.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to avoid weak point of the prior art and provide that a kind of technique is simple, production cost is low, be easy to the antibiotic wear-resisting preparation technology who washs the roses and lace of flax fibre that promotes.Solved not environmental protection that the use of a large amount of chemical antiseptics of the prior art brings and to user and environmental damage, cannot realize the soft and graceful performance of roses and lace and do not harden, stiff, flower type is complicated, technique is complicated, production cost is high, be not easy to the technical barrier of promoting, realized the characteristic that can retain natural fabric material, increased again the soft and graceful style of roses and lace, frivolous, ventilative, avoid using adhesive permeation to reverse side fabric, make whole cloth cover look very clean, can allow clear manifesting of decorative pattern of roses and lace; The lace composite plus material obtaining by the method, according to the difference of its reverse side fabric, can be loaded onto at Garments capable of wearing in four seasons applicable; And by fiber preliminary treatment, spun yarn, lace fashioned knitting and the parametric synthesis of low-temperature heat post processing important indicator are acted synergistically, finally obtain optimized technique.
For achieving the above object, the present invention is achieved by the following technical solutions:
A kind of antibiotic wear-resisting preparation technology who washs the roses and lace of flax fibre of the present invention, it is characterized in that, the preparation technology of the roses and lace of described antibiotic wear-resisting apocynum fibre in turn includes the following steps: fiber preliminary treatment, spun yarn, lace fashioned knitting and low-temperature heat post processing.
As preferred technical scheme:
Wherein, fiber pre-treatment step: first, choose apocynum fibre, linen fibre, nettle fibre, polyster fibre as fibrous raw material according to the weight proportion of 1:2:1:7; Wherein, in above-mentioned polyster fibre spinning process, add antibacterial matrices, described antibacterial matrices accounts for 0.8~0.95% of polyster fibre gross weight, described antibacterial matrices is to be mixed by a year silver-colored composite inorganic antimicrobial powder, surfactant, antioxidant, and percentage by weight is respectively 0.5-0.8%, 2-3%, surplus; Surfactant is that the stearic phthalein amine of hard calcium acetate and ethylenebis is that 1:2 is evenly mixed to get according to weight ratio; Wherein, at apocynum fibre, linen fibre, nettle fibre, carry out before combing slivering, first successively to carrying out successively degumming process at apocynum fibre, linen fibre, nettle fibre, be carded to bluish dogbane long fiber, flax long fiber, nettle long fiber, then bluish dogbane long fiber, flax long fiber, nettle long fiber put into successively to bluish dogbane refining groove, flax refining groove, nettle refining groove and carried out refining treatment; The bath raio of the refining solution in described bluish dogbane refining groove is controlled as 1:11~1: 13, consisting of of refining solution: soda ash 8~9.5g/L, clorox 4~7g/L, refining enzyme 0.34~0.37g/ L, refining agent 0.2~0.5g/l, keeping the pH value of refining solution is between 8~9.5, the initial temperature of this refining solution is 34 ℃, be warming up to 64 ℃ with 120 minutes, then be incubated 30-40 minute; Described bluish dogbane long fiber deionized water with 45~55 ℃ after refining treatment is fully washed to neutrality, then carries out low temperature drying at 26 ℃;
The bath raio of described flax refining groove refining solution is controlled as 1:30~1: 43, consisting of of refining solution: caustic soda 8~9.5g/L, clorox 11~13g/L, refining agent 0.2~0.3g/l, keeping the pH value of refining solution is between 9~10, the initial temperature of this refining solution is 45 ℃, is warming up to 90 ℃ with 120 minutes, then is incubated 10-20 minute; Described flax long fiber deionized water with 50~52 ℃ after refining treatment is fully washed to neutrality, then carries out low temperature drying at 36 ℃;
The bath raio of described nettle refining groove refining solution is controlled as 1:45, consisting of of refining solution: soda ash 6~8g/L, clorox 8~9g/L, refining enzyme 0.12~0.14g/ L, refining agent 0.6~0.7g/l, keeping the pH value of refining solution is between 8~9, the initial temperature of this refining solution is 25 ℃, be warming up to 55 ℃ with 120 minutes, then be incubated 50-55 minute; Described nettle long fiber deionized water with 36~38 ℃ after refining treatment is fully washed to neutrality, then carries out low temperature drying at 26 ℃;
And then bluish dogbane long fiber, flax long fiber, nettle long fiber are carried out to antistatic treatment and wet soft processing successively; Described antistatic treatment is washed after soaking 115~118 minutes in the antistatic additive under keeping 65 ℃ of temperature, low temperature drying at 32~34 ℃ of temperature again, described antistatic additive is to be that 1:2:97 gets the solution that fatty acid ester, carboxylate, deionized water are evenly mixedly configured into according to weight ratio; Described wet soft being treated to soak 125 minutes in wet soft treatment fluid after washed, low temperature drying at 27~29 ℃ of temperature again, wherein, described wet soft treatment fluid initial temperature is 50 ℃, with 20 minutes, be warming up to 72 ℃, and keep 105 minutes at 72 ℃, described wet soft treatment fluid is fatty alcohol-polyoxyethylene ether, polyethenoxy ether, methyl-monosilane emulsion, deionized water by weight being 4:5:7~9: 64 are evenly mixed with and obtain.
Wherein, spun yarn step: above-mentioned bluish dogbane long fiber after antistatic treatment and wet soft processing is made to ramie stripes, through four road mixing in doubling step, in second drafting process, sneak into above-mentioned polyster fibre, in tri-road drafting processes, sneak into above-mentioned linen fibre after antistatic treatment and wet soft processing, in tetra-road drafting processes, sneak into above-mentioned nettle fibre after antistatic treatment and wet soft processing; After drawing-off, make again rove, rove is boiled and floated, then make spun yarn through spinning, then under the low temperature of 45 ℃, carry out hot-air seasoning, winder moulding obtains worsted yarn; Wherein, the drafting multiple of above-mentioned drawing-off is 1.54 times.
Wherein, lace fashioned knitting step: the worsted yarn that above-mentioned spun yarn step is obtained is woven into several chain type knit stitches with annulus and forms roses and lace.
Wherein, in above-mentioned chain type knit stitches, odd number annulus and even number annulus are connected in stringer direction a plurality of sections side by side alternately mutually.
Wherein, low-temperature heat post-processing step: the roses and lace that above-mentioned lace fashioned knitting step is obtained is placed in heating furnace and heat-treats, and heat treated temperature is 87~94 ℃, and described heating furnace is connected with high-purity nitrogen protection.
Beneficial effect:
The roses and lace that the present invention obtains can be compound to roses and lace on any fabric, fabric after compound can retain the characteristic of original fabric, increased again the soft and graceful style of lace, the PU film covering on reverse side fabric is frivolous, ventilative, can avoid adhesive permeation to fabric, saved and in braiding process, needed the bonding engagement step of specific use, do not need to process separately lace structure, saved production cost.The present invention compared with prior art has that weaving process is simple, and production cost is low, is easy to the advantage of promoting.
the specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with the specific embodiment, further set forth the present invention.
Embodiment 1:
A kind of antibiotic wear-resisting preparation technology who washs the roses and lace of flax fibre, it is characterized in that, the preparation technology of the roses and lace of described antibiotic wear-resisting apocynum fibre in turn includes the following steps: fiber preliminary treatment, spun yarn, lace fashioned knitting and low-temperature heat post processing.
Embodiment 2:
A kind of antibiotic wear-resisting preparation technology who washs the roses and lace of flax fibre, it is characterized in that, the preparation technology of the roses and lace of described antibiotic wear-resisting apocynum fibre in turn includes the following steps: fiber preliminary treatment, spun yarn, lace fashioned knitting and low-temperature heat post processing; Fiber pre-treatment step: first, choose apocynum fibre, linen fibre, nettle fibre, polyster fibre as fibrous raw material according to the weight proportion of 1:2:1:7; Wherein, in above-mentioned polyster fibre spinning process, add antibacterial matrices, described antibacterial matrices accounts for 0.8~0.95% of polyster fibre gross weight, described antibacterial matrices is to be mixed by a year silver-colored composite inorganic antimicrobial powder, surfactant, antioxidant, and percentage by weight is respectively 0.5-0.8%, 2-3%, surplus; Surfactant is that the stearic phthalein amine of hard calcium acetate and ethylenebis is that 1:2 is evenly mixed to get according to weight ratio; Wherein, at apocynum fibre, linen fibre, nettle fibre, carry out before combing slivering, first successively to carrying out successively degumming process at apocynum fibre, linen fibre, nettle fibre, be carded to bluish dogbane long fiber, flax long fiber, nettle long fiber, then bluish dogbane long fiber, flax long fiber, nettle long fiber put into successively to bluish dogbane refining groove, flax refining groove, nettle refining groove and carried out refining treatment; The bath raio of the refining solution in described bluish dogbane refining groove is controlled as 1:11~1: 13, consisting of of refining solution: soda ash 8~9.5g/L, clorox 4~7g/L, refining enzyme 0.34~0.37g/ L, refining agent 0.2~0.5g/l, keeping the pH value of refining solution is between 8~9.5, the initial temperature of this refining solution is 34 ℃, be warming up to 64 ℃ with 120 minutes, then be incubated 30-40 minute; Described bluish dogbane long fiber deionized water with 45~55 ℃ after refining treatment is fully washed to neutrality, then carries out low temperature drying at 26 ℃;
The bath raio of described flax refining groove refining solution is controlled as 1:30~1: 43, consisting of of refining solution: caustic soda 8~9.5g/L, clorox 11~13g/L, refining agent 0.2~0.3g/l, keeping the pH value of refining solution is between 9~10, the initial temperature of this refining solution is 45 ℃, is warming up to 90 ℃ with 120 minutes, then is incubated 10-20 minute; Described flax long fiber deionized water with 50~52 ℃ after refining treatment is fully washed to neutrality, then carries out low temperature drying at 36 ℃;
The bath raio of described nettle refining groove refining solution is controlled as 1:45, consisting of of refining solution: soda ash 6~8g/L, clorox 8~9g/L, refining enzyme 0.12~0.14g/ L, refining agent 0.6~0.7g/l, keeping the pH value of refining solution is between 8~9, the initial temperature of this refining solution is 25 ℃, be warming up to 55 ℃ with 120 minutes, then be incubated 50-55 minute; Described nettle long fiber deionized water with 36~38 ℃ after refining treatment is fully washed to neutrality, then carries out low temperature drying at 26 ℃;
And then bluish dogbane long fiber, flax long fiber, nettle long fiber are carried out to antistatic treatment and wet soft processing successively; Described antistatic treatment is washed after soaking 115~118 minutes in the antistatic additive under keeping 65 ℃ of temperature, low temperature drying at 32~34 ℃ of temperature again, described antistatic additive is to be that 1:2:97 gets the solution that fatty acid ester, carboxylate, deionized water are evenly mixedly configured into according to weight ratio; Described wet soft being treated to soak 125 minutes in wet soft treatment fluid after washed, low temperature drying at 27~29 ℃ of temperature again, wherein, described wet soft treatment fluid initial temperature is 50 ℃, with 20 minutes, be warming up to 72 ℃, and keep 105 minutes at 72 ℃, described wet soft treatment fluid is fatty alcohol-polyoxyethylene ether, polyethenoxy ether, methyl-monosilane emulsion, deionized water by weight being 4:5:7~9: 64 are evenly mixed with and obtain.
Embodiment 3:
A kind of antibiotic wear-resisting preparation technology who washs the roses and lace of flax fibre, it is characterized in that, the preparation technology of the roses and lace of described antibiotic wear-resisting apocynum fibre in turn includes the following steps: fiber preliminary treatment, spun yarn, lace fashioned knitting and low-temperature heat post processing; Fiber pre-treatment step: first, choose apocynum fibre, linen fibre, nettle fibre, polyster fibre as fibrous raw material according to the weight proportion of 1:2:1:7; Wherein, in above-mentioned polyster fibre spinning process, add antibacterial matrices, described antibacterial matrices accounts for 0.8~0.95% of polyster fibre gross weight, described antibacterial matrices is to be mixed by a year silver-colored composite inorganic antimicrobial powder, surfactant, antioxidant, and percentage by weight is respectively 0.5-0.8%, 2-3%, surplus; Surfactant is that the stearic phthalein amine of hard calcium acetate and ethylenebis is that 1:2 is evenly mixed to get according to weight ratio; Wherein, at apocynum fibre, linen fibre, nettle fibre, carry out before combing slivering, first successively to carrying out successively degumming process at apocynum fibre, linen fibre, nettle fibre, be carded to bluish dogbane long fiber, flax long fiber, nettle long fiber, then bluish dogbane long fiber, flax long fiber, nettle long fiber put into successively to bluish dogbane refining groove, flax refining groove, nettle refining groove and carried out refining treatment; The bath raio of the refining solution in described bluish dogbane refining groove is controlled as 1:11~1: 13, consisting of of refining solution: soda ash 8~9.5g/L, clorox 4~7g/L, refining enzyme 0.34~0.37g/ L, refining agent 0.2~0.5g/l, keeping the pH value of refining solution is between 8~9.5, the initial temperature of this refining solution is 34 ℃, be warming up to 64 ℃ with 120 minutes, then be incubated 30-40 minute; Described bluish dogbane long fiber deionized water with 45~55 ℃ after refining treatment is fully washed to neutrality, then carries out low temperature drying at 26 ℃;
The bath raio of described flax refining groove refining solution is controlled as 1:30~1: 43, consisting of of refining solution: caustic soda 8~9.5g/L, clorox 11~13g/L, refining agent 0.2~0.3g/l, keeping the pH value of refining solution is between 9~10, the initial temperature of this refining solution is 45 ℃, is warming up to 90 ℃ with 120 minutes, then is incubated 10-20 minute; Described flax long fiber deionized water with 50~52 ℃ after refining treatment is fully washed to neutrality, then carries out low temperature drying at 36 ℃;
The bath raio of described nettle refining groove refining solution is controlled as 1:45, consisting of of refining solution: soda ash 6~8g/L, clorox 8~9g/L, refining enzyme 0.12~0.14g/ L, refining agent 0.6~0.7g/l, keeping the pH value of refining solution is between 8~9, the initial temperature of this refining solution is 25 ℃, be warming up to 55 ℃ with 120 minutes, then be incubated 50-55 minute; Described nettle long fiber deionized water with 36~38 ℃ after refining treatment is fully washed to neutrality, then carries out low temperature drying at 26 ℃;
And then bluish dogbane long fiber, flax long fiber, nettle long fiber are carried out to antistatic treatment and wet soft processing successively; Described antistatic treatment is washed after soaking 115~118 minutes in the antistatic additive under keeping 65 ℃ of temperature, low temperature drying at 32~34 ℃ of temperature again, described antistatic additive is to be that 1:2:97 gets the solution that fatty acid ester, carboxylate, deionized water are evenly mixedly configured into according to weight ratio; Described wet soft being treated to soak 125 minutes in wet soft treatment fluid after washed, low temperature drying at 27~29 ℃ of temperature again, wherein, described wet soft treatment fluid initial temperature is 50 ℃, with 20 minutes, be warming up to 72 ℃, and keep 105 minutes at 72 ℃, described wet soft treatment fluid is fatty alcohol-polyoxyethylene ether, polyethenoxy ether, methyl-monosilane emulsion, deionized water by weight being 4:5:7~9: 64 are evenly mixed with and obtain; Spun yarn step: above-mentioned bluish dogbane long fiber after antistatic treatment and wet soft processing is made to ramie stripes, through four road mixing in doubling step, in second drafting process, sneak into above-mentioned polyster fibre, in tri-road drafting processes, sneak into above-mentioned linen fibre after antistatic treatment and wet soft processing, in tetra-road drafting processes, sneak into above-mentioned nettle fibre after antistatic treatment and wet soft processing; After drawing-off, make again rove, rove is boiled and floated, then make spun yarn through spinning, then under the low temperature of 45 ℃, carry out hot-air seasoning, winder moulding obtains worsted yarn; Wherein, the drafting multiple of above-mentioned drawing-off is 1.54 times.
Embodiment 4:
A kind of antibiotic wear-resisting preparation technology who washs the roses and lace of flax fibre, it is characterized in that, the preparation technology of the roses and lace of described antibiotic wear-resisting apocynum fibre in turn includes the following steps: fiber preliminary treatment, spun yarn, lace fashioned knitting and low-temperature heat post processing; Fiber pre-treatment step: first, choose apocynum fibre, linen fibre, nettle fibre, polyster fibre as fibrous raw material according to the weight proportion of 1:2:1:7; Wherein, in above-mentioned polyster fibre spinning process, add antibacterial matrices, described antibacterial matrices accounts for 0.8~0.95% of polyster fibre gross weight, described antibacterial matrices is to be mixed by a year silver-colored composite inorganic antimicrobial powder, surfactant, antioxidant, and percentage by weight is respectively 0.5-0.8%, 2-3%, surplus; Surfactant is that the stearic phthalein amine of hard calcium acetate and ethylenebis is that 1:2 is evenly mixed to get according to weight ratio; Wherein, at apocynum fibre, linen fibre, nettle fibre, carry out before combing slivering, first successively to carrying out successively degumming process at apocynum fibre, linen fibre, nettle fibre, be carded to bluish dogbane long fiber, flax long fiber, nettle long fiber, then bluish dogbane long fiber, flax long fiber, nettle long fiber put into successively to bluish dogbane refining groove, flax refining groove, nettle refining groove and carried out refining treatment; The bath raio of the refining solution in described bluish dogbane refining groove is controlled as 1:11~1: 13, consisting of of refining solution: soda ash 8~9.5g/L, clorox 4~7g/L, refining enzyme 0.34~0.37g/ L, refining agent 0.2~0.5g/l, keeping the pH value of refining solution is between 8~9.5, the initial temperature of this refining solution is 34 ℃, be warming up to 64 ℃ with 120 minutes, then be incubated 30-40 minute; Described bluish dogbane long fiber deionized water with 45~55 ℃ after refining treatment is fully washed to neutrality, then carries out low temperature drying at 26 ℃;
The bath raio of described flax refining groove refining solution is controlled as 1:30~1: 43, consisting of of refining solution: caustic soda 8~9.5g/L, clorox 11~13g/L, refining agent 0.2~0.3g/l, keeping the pH value of refining solution is between 9~10, the initial temperature of this refining solution is 45 ℃, is warming up to 90 ℃ with 120 minutes, then is incubated 10-20 minute; Described flax long fiber deionized water with 50~52 ℃ after refining treatment is fully washed to neutrality, then carries out low temperature drying at 36 ℃;
The bath raio of described nettle refining groove refining solution is controlled as 1:45, consisting of of refining solution: soda ash 6~8g/L, clorox 8~9g/L, refining enzyme 0.12~0.14g/ L, refining agent 0.6~0.7g/l, keeping the pH value of refining solution is between 8~9, the initial temperature of this refining solution is 25 ℃, be warming up to 55 ℃ with 120 minutes, then be incubated 50-55 minute; Described nettle long fiber deionized water with 36~38 ℃ after refining treatment is fully washed to neutrality, then carries out low temperature drying at 26 ℃;
And then bluish dogbane long fiber, flax long fiber, nettle long fiber are carried out to antistatic treatment and wet soft processing successively; Described antistatic treatment is washed after soaking 115~118 minutes in the antistatic additive under keeping 65 ℃ of temperature, low temperature drying at 32~34 ℃ of temperature again, described antistatic additive is to be that 1:2:97 gets the solution that fatty acid ester, carboxylate, deionized water are evenly mixedly configured into according to weight ratio; Described wet soft being treated to soak 125 minutes in wet soft treatment fluid after washed, low temperature drying at 27~29 ℃ of temperature again, wherein, described wet soft treatment fluid initial temperature is 50 ℃, with 20 minutes, be warming up to 72 ℃, and keep 105 minutes at 72 ℃, described wet soft treatment fluid is fatty alcohol-polyoxyethylene ether, polyethenoxy ether, methyl-monosilane emulsion, deionized water by weight being 4:5:7~9: 64 are evenly mixed with and obtain; Spun yarn step: above-mentioned bluish dogbane long fiber after antistatic treatment and wet soft processing is made to ramie stripes, through four road mixing in doubling step, in second drafting process, sneak into above-mentioned polyster fibre, in tri-road drafting processes, sneak into above-mentioned linen fibre after antistatic treatment and wet soft processing, in tetra-road drafting processes, sneak into above-mentioned nettle fibre after antistatic treatment and wet soft processing; After drawing-off, make again rove, rove is boiled and floated, then make spun yarn through spinning, then under the low temperature of 45 ℃, carry out hot-air seasoning, winder moulding obtains worsted yarn; Wherein, the drafting multiple of above-mentioned drawing-off is 1.54 times; Lace fashioned knitting step: the worsted yarn that above-mentioned spun yarn step is obtained is woven into several chain type knit stitches with annulus and forms roses and lace.
Embodiment 5:
A kind of antibiotic wear-resisting preparation technology who washs the roses and lace of flax fibre, it is characterized in that, the preparation technology of the roses and lace of described antibiotic wear-resisting apocynum fibre in turn includes the following steps: fiber preliminary treatment, spun yarn, lace fashioned knitting and low-temperature heat post processing; Fiber pre-treatment step: first, choose apocynum fibre, linen fibre, nettle fibre, polyster fibre as fibrous raw material according to the weight proportion of 1:2:1:7; Wherein, in above-mentioned polyster fibre spinning process, add antibacterial matrices, described antibacterial matrices accounts for 0.8~0.95% of polyster fibre gross weight, described antibacterial matrices is to be mixed by a year silver-colored composite inorganic antimicrobial powder, surfactant, antioxidant, and percentage by weight is respectively 0.5-0.8%, 2-3%, surplus; Surfactant is that the stearic phthalein amine of hard calcium acetate and ethylenebis is that 1:2 is evenly mixed to get according to weight ratio; Wherein, at apocynum fibre, linen fibre, nettle fibre, carry out before combing slivering, first successively to carrying out successively degumming process at apocynum fibre, linen fibre, nettle fibre, be carded to bluish dogbane long fiber, flax long fiber, nettle long fiber, then bluish dogbane long fiber, flax long fiber, nettle long fiber put into successively to bluish dogbane refining groove, flax refining groove, nettle refining groove and carried out refining treatment; The bath raio of the refining solution in described bluish dogbane refining groove is controlled as 1:11~1: 13, consisting of of refining solution: soda ash 8~9.5g/L, clorox 4~7g/L, refining enzyme 0.34~0.37g/ L, refining agent 0.2~0.5g/l, keeping the pH value of refining solution is between 8~9.5, the initial temperature of this refining solution is 34 ℃, be warming up to 64 ℃ with 120 minutes, then be incubated 30-40 minute; Described bluish dogbane long fiber deionized water with 45~55 ℃ after refining treatment is fully washed to neutrality, then carries out low temperature drying at 26 ℃;
The bath raio of described flax refining groove refining solution is controlled as 1:30~1: 43, consisting of of refining solution: caustic soda 8~9.5g/L, clorox 11~13g/L, refining agent 0.2~0.3g/l, keeping the pH value of refining solution is between 9~10, the initial temperature of this refining solution is 45 ℃, is warming up to 90 ℃ with 120 minutes, then is incubated 10-20 minute; Described flax long fiber deionized water with 50~52 ℃ after refining treatment is fully washed to neutrality, then carries out low temperature drying at 36 ℃;
The bath raio of described nettle refining groove refining solution is controlled as 1:45, consisting of of refining solution: soda ash 6~8g/L, clorox 8~9g/L, refining enzyme 0.12~0.14g/ L, refining agent 0.6~0.7g/l, keeping the pH value of refining solution is between 8~9, the initial temperature of this refining solution is 25 ℃, be warming up to 55 ℃ with 120 minutes, then be incubated 50-55 minute; Described nettle long fiber deionized water with 36~38 ℃ after refining treatment is fully washed to neutrality, then carries out low temperature drying at 26 ℃;
And then bluish dogbane long fiber, flax long fiber, nettle long fiber are carried out to antistatic treatment and wet soft processing successively; Described antistatic treatment is washed after soaking 115~118 minutes in the antistatic additive under keeping 65 ℃ of temperature, low temperature drying at 32~34 ℃ of temperature again, described antistatic additive is to be that 1:2:97 gets the solution that fatty acid ester, carboxylate, deionized water are evenly mixedly configured into according to weight ratio; Described wet soft being treated to soak 125 minutes in wet soft treatment fluid after washed, low temperature drying at 27~29 ℃ of temperature again, wherein, described wet soft treatment fluid initial temperature is 50 ℃, with 20 minutes, be warming up to 72 ℃, and keep 105 minutes at 72 ℃, described wet soft treatment fluid is fatty alcohol-polyoxyethylene ether, polyethenoxy ether, methyl-monosilane emulsion, deionized water by weight being 4:5:7~9: 64 are evenly mixed with and obtain; Spun yarn step: above-mentioned bluish dogbane long fiber after antistatic treatment and wet soft processing is made to ramie stripes, through four road mixing in doubling step, in second drafting process, sneak into above-mentioned polyster fibre, in tri-road drafting processes, sneak into above-mentioned linen fibre after antistatic treatment and wet soft processing, in tetra-road drafting processes, sneak into above-mentioned nettle fibre after antistatic treatment and wet soft processing; After drawing-off, make again rove, rove is boiled and floated, then make spun yarn through spinning, then under the low temperature of 45 ℃, carry out hot-air seasoning, winder moulding obtains worsted yarn; Wherein, the drafting multiple of above-mentioned drawing-off is 1.54 times; Lace fashioned knitting step: the worsted yarn that above-mentioned spun yarn step is obtained is woven into several chain type knit stitches with annulus and forms roses and lace; In above-mentioned chain type knit stitches, odd number annulus and even number annulus are connected in stringer direction a plurality of sections side by side alternately mutually.
Embodiment 6:
A kind of antibiotic wear-resisting preparation technology who washs the roses and lace of flax fibre, it is characterized in that, the preparation technology of the roses and lace of described antibiotic wear-resisting apocynum fibre in turn includes the following steps: fiber preliminary treatment, spun yarn, lace fashioned knitting and low-temperature heat post processing; Fiber pre-treatment step: first, choose apocynum fibre, linen fibre, nettle fibre, polyster fibre as fibrous raw material according to the weight proportion of 1:2:1:7; Wherein, in above-mentioned polyster fibre spinning process, add antibacterial matrices, described antibacterial matrices accounts for 0.8~0.95% of polyster fibre gross weight, described antibacterial matrices is to be mixed by a year silver-colored composite inorganic antimicrobial powder, surfactant, antioxidant, and percentage by weight is respectively 0.5-0.8%, 2-3%, surplus; Surfactant is that the stearic phthalein amine of hard calcium acetate and ethylenebis is that 1:2 is evenly mixed to get according to weight ratio; Wherein, at apocynum fibre, linen fibre, nettle fibre, carry out before combing slivering, first successively to carrying out successively degumming process at apocynum fibre, linen fibre, nettle fibre, be carded to bluish dogbane long fiber, flax long fiber, nettle long fiber, then bluish dogbane long fiber, flax long fiber, nettle long fiber put into successively to bluish dogbane refining groove, flax refining groove, nettle refining groove and carried out refining treatment; The bath raio of the refining solution in described bluish dogbane refining groove is controlled as 1:11~1: 13, consisting of of refining solution: soda ash 8~9.5g/L, clorox 4~7g/L, refining enzyme 0.34~0.37g/ L, refining agent 0.2~0.5g/l, keeping the pH value of refining solution is between 8~9.5, the initial temperature of this refining solution is 34 ℃, be warming up to 64 ℃ with 120 minutes, then be incubated 30-40 minute; Described bluish dogbane long fiber deionized water with 45~55 ℃ after refining treatment is fully washed to neutrality, then carries out low temperature drying at 26 ℃;
The bath raio of described flax refining groove refining solution is controlled as 1:30~1: 43, consisting of of refining solution: caustic soda 8~9.5g/L, clorox 11~13g/L, refining agent 0.2~0.3g/l, keeping the pH value of refining solution is between 9~10, the initial temperature of this refining solution is 45 ℃, is warming up to 90 ℃ with 120 minutes, then is incubated 10-20 minute; Described flax long fiber deionized water with 50~52 ℃ after refining treatment is fully washed to neutrality, then carries out low temperature drying at 36 ℃;
The bath raio of described nettle refining groove refining solution is controlled as 1:45, consisting of of refining solution: soda ash 6~8g/L, clorox 8~9g/L, refining enzyme 0.12~0.14g/ L, refining agent 0.6~0.7g/l, keeping the pH value of refining solution is between 8~9, the initial temperature of this refining solution is 25 ℃, be warming up to 55 ℃ with 120 minutes, then be incubated 50-55 minute; Described nettle long fiber deionized water with 36~38 ℃ after refining treatment is fully washed to neutrality, then carries out low temperature drying at 26 ℃;
And then bluish dogbane long fiber, flax long fiber, nettle long fiber are carried out to antistatic treatment and wet soft processing successively; Described antistatic treatment is washed after soaking 115~118 minutes in the antistatic additive under keeping 65 ℃ of temperature, low temperature drying at 32~34 ℃ of temperature again, described antistatic additive is to be that 1:2:97 gets the solution that fatty acid ester, carboxylate, deionized water are evenly mixedly configured into according to weight ratio; Described wet soft being treated to soak 125 minutes in wet soft treatment fluid after washed, low temperature drying at 27~29 ℃ of temperature again, wherein, described wet soft treatment fluid initial temperature is 50 ℃, with 20 minutes, be warming up to 72 ℃, and keep 105 minutes at 72 ℃, described wet soft treatment fluid is fatty alcohol-polyoxyethylene ether, polyethenoxy ether, methyl-monosilane emulsion, deionized water by weight being 4:5:7~9: 64 are evenly mixed with and obtain; Spun yarn step: above-mentioned bluish dogbane long fiber after antistatic treatment and wet soft processing is made to ramie stripes, through four road mixing in doubling step, in second drafting process, sneak into above-mentioned polyster fibre, in tri-road drafting processes, sneak into above-mentioned linen fibre after antistatic treatment and wet soft processing, in tetra-road drafting processes, sneak into above-mentioned nettle fibre after antistatic treatment and wet soft processing; After drawing-off, make again rove, rove is boiled and floated, then make spun yarn through spinning, then under the low temperature of 45 ℃, carry out hot-air seasoning, winder moulding obtains worsted yarn; Wherein, the drafting multiple of above-mentioned drawing-off is 1.54 times; Lace fashioned knitting step: the worsted yarn that above-mentioned spun yarn step is obtained is woven into several chain type knit stitches with annulus and forms roses and lace; In above-mentioned chain type knit stitches, odd number annulus and even number annulus are connected in stringer direction a plurality of sections side by side alternately mutually; Low-temperature heat post-processing step: the roses and lace that above-mentioned lace fashioned knitting step is obtained is placed in heating furnace and heat-treats, and heat treated temperature is 87~94 ℃, and described heating furnace is connected with high-purity nitrogen protection.
Finally should be noted that; above embodiment is only in order to illustrate technical scheme of the present invention but not limiting the scope of the invention; although the present invention is explained in detail with reference to preferred embodiment; those of ordinary skill in the art is to be understood that; can modify or be equal to replacement technical scheme of the present invention, and not depart from essence and the scope of technical solution of the present invention.

Claims (5)

1. an antibiotic wear-resisting preparation technology who washs the roses and lace of flax fibre, the preparation technology of the roses and lace of described antibiotic wear-resisting apocynum fibre in turn includes the following steps: fiber preliminary treatment, spun yarn, lace fashioned knitting and low-temperature heat post processing, is characterized in that:
Fiber pre-treatment step: first, choose apocynum fibre, linen fibre, nettle fibre, polyster fibre as fibrous raw material according to the weight proportion of 1:2:1:7; Wherein, in above-mentioned polyster fibre spinning process, add antibacterial matrices, described antibacterial matrices accounts for 0.8~0.95% of polyster fibre gross weight, described antibacterial matrices is to be mixed by a year silver-colored composite inorganic antimicrobial powder, surfactant, antioxidant, and percentage by weight is respectively 0.5-0.8%, 2-3%, surplus; Surfactant is that the stearic phthalein amine of hard calcium acetate and ethylenebis is that 1:2 is evenly mixed to get according to weight ratio; Wherein, at apocynum fibre, linen fibre, nettle fibre, carry out before combing slivering, first successively to carrying out successively degumming process at apocynum fibre, linen fibre, nettle fibre, be carded to bluish dogbane long fiber, flax long fiber, nettle long fiber, then bluish dogbane long fiber, flax long fiber, nettle long fiber put into successively to bluish dogbane refining groove, flax refining groove, nettle refining groove and carried out refining treatment; The bath raio of the refining solution in described bluish dogbane refining groove is controlled as 1:11~1: 13, consisting of of refining solution: soda ash 8~9.5g/L, clorox 4~7g/L, refining enzyme 0.34~0.37g/ L, refining agent 0.2~0.5g/l, keeping the pH value of refining solution is between 8~9.5, the initial temperature of this refining solution is 34 ℃, be warming up to 64 ℃ with 120 minutes, then be incubated 30-40 minute; Described bluish dogbane long fiber deionized water with 45~55 ℃ after refining treatment is fully washed to neutrality, then carries out low temperature drying at 26 ℃;
The bath raio of described flax refining groove refining solution is controlled as 1:30~1: 43, consisting of of refining solution: caustic soda 8~9.5g/L, clorox 11~13g/L, refining agent 0.2~0.3g/l, keeping the pH value of refining solution is between 9~10, the initial temperature of this refining solution is 45 ℃, is warming up to 90 ℃ with 120 minutes, then is incubated 10-20 minute; Described flax long fiber deionized water with 50~52 ℃ after refining treatment is fully washed to neutrality, then carries out low temperature drying at 36 ℃;
The bath raio of described nettle refining groove refining solution is controlled as 1:45, consisting of of refining solution: soda ash 6~8g/L, clorox 8~9g/L, refining enzyme 0.12~0.14g/ L, refining agent 0.6~0.7g/l, keeping the pH value of refining solution is between 8~9, the initial temperature of this refining solution is 25 ℃, be warming up to 55 ℃ with 120 minutes, then be incubated 50-55 minute; Described nettle long fiber deionized water with 36~38 ℃ after refining treatment is fully washed to neutrality, then carries out low temperature drying at 26 ℃;
And then bluish dogbane long fiber, flax long fiber, nettle long fiber are carried out to antistatic treatment and wet soft processing successively; Described antistatic treatment is washed after soaking 115~118 minutes in the antistatic additive under keeping 65 ℃ of temperature, low temperature drying at 32~34 ℃ of temperature again, described antistatic additive is to be that 1:2:97 gets the solution that fatty acid ester, carboxylate, deionized water are evenly mixedly configured into according to weight ratio; Described wet soft being treated to soak 125 minutes in wet soft treatment fluid after washed, low temperature drying at 27~29 ℃ of temperature again, wherein, described wet soft treatment fluid initial temperature is 50 ℃, with 20 minutes, be warming up to 72 ℃, and keep 105 minutes at 72 ℃, described wet soft treatment fluid is fatty alcohol-polyoxyethylene ether, polyethenoxy ether, methyl-monosilane emulsion, deionized water by weight being 4:5:7~9: 64 are evenly mixed with and obtain.
2. the antibiotic wear-resisting preparation technology who washs the roses and lace of flax fibre according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, spun yarn step: above-mentioned bluish dogbane long fiber after antistatic treatment and wet soft processing is made to ramie stripes, through four road mixing in doubling step, in second drafting process, sneak into above-mentioned polyster fibre, in tri-road drafting processes, sneak into above-mentioned linen fibre after antistatic treatment and wet soft processing, in tetra-road drafting processes, sneak into above-mentioned nettle fibre after antistatic treatment and wet soft processing; After drawing-off, make again rove, rove is boiled and floated, then make spun yarn through spinning, then under the low temperature of 45 ℃, carry out hot-air seasoning, winder moulding obtains worsted yarn; Wherein, the drafting multiple of above-mentioned drawing-off is 1.54 times.
3. the antibiotic wear-resisting preparation technology who washs the roses and lace of flax fibre according to claim 2, it is characterized in that lace fashioned knitting step: the worsted yarn that above-mentioned spun yarn step is obtained is woven into several chain type knit stitches with annulus and forms roses and lace.
4. the antibiotic wear-resisting preparation technology who washs the roses and lace of flax fibre according to claim 3, is characterized in that, in above-mentioned chain type knit stitches, odd number annulus and even number annulus are connected in stringer direction a plurality of sections side by side alternately mutually.
5. according to the antibiotic wear-resisting preparation technology who washs the roses and lace of flax fibre described in claim 3 or 4; it is characterized in that; low-temperature heat post-processing step: the roses and lace that above-mentioned lace fashioned knitting step is obtained is placed in heating furnace and heat-treats; heat treated temperature is 87~94 ℃, and described heating furnace is connected with high-purity nitrogen protection.
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CN105040142A (en) * 2015-08-17 2015-11-11 俞尧芳 Antibacterial polyester fibers and preparation method thereof
CN108589299A (en) * 2018-04-24 2018-09-28 江苏惟妙纺织科技有限公司 A kind of preparation method of high flexibility antistatic lace
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CN111850799A (en) * 2020-06-03 2020-10-30 福州标顺信息科技有限公司 Preparation method of antibacterial wear-resistant apocynum venetum fiber lace

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Address after: 350212 No. 11 Pengcheng Road, Pengxie Village, Hunan Town, Changle District, Fuzhou City, Fujian Province

Patentee after: Fujian Hanggang Knitwear Co., Ltd.

Address before: Pengxie Village, Hunan Town, Changle City, Fuzhou City, Fujian Province

Patentee before: Fujian Changle Hanggang Textile Co., Ltd.