CN103046218A - Process for manufacturing antibacterial and abrasion-resistant lace from apocynum venetum fibers - Google Patents

Process for manufacturing antibacterial and abrasion-resistant lace from apocynum venetum fibers Download PDF

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CN103046218A
CN103046218A CN2012105828264A CN201210582826A CN103046218A CN 103046218 A CN103046218 A CN 103046218A CN 2012105828264 A CN2012105828264 A CN 2012105828264A CN 201210582826 A CN201210582826 A CN 201210582826A CN 103046218 A CN103046218 A CN 103046218A
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refining
fibre
lace
long fiber
nettle
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CN103046218B (en
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郑春华
潘宇
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Fujian Hanggang Knitwear Co., Ltd.
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FUJIAN CHANGLE HANGGANG TEXTILE Co Ltd
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Abstract

The invention relates to a process for manufacturing antibacterial and abrasion-resistant lace from apocynum venetum fibers. The process has the advantages that after a special design for fiber preprocessing, yarn spinning, lace forming and weaving and low-temperature heating post-processing and special optimization for relevant parameters, technical difficult problems that large quantities of chemical antibacterial agents are used in the prior art, damage environments and injure users, and laces are not graceful, are hardened and stiff, and are complicated in pattern, troublesome in process, high in production cost and difficult to popularize are solved, characteristics of fabrics made from natural fibers can be kept, and excellent technical effects such as graceful style, lightness, thinness and breathability of the lace are realized.

Description

The preparation technology of the roses and lace of antibiotic wear-resisting apocynum fibre
Technical field
The present invention relates to the roses and lace technical field, relate in particular to a kind of preparation technology of roses and lace, relate in particular a kind of preparation technology of roses and lace of antibiotic wear-resisting apocynum fibre.
Background technology
Recent two decades comes, and lace fabric fashion is luxurious, natural, graceful and poised gracefulness, is a kind of fabric that welcome by the women, but traditional lace fabric is frivolous, often is only applicable to the time clothes of spring and summer money, and is not suitable for fashionable dress autumn and winter, and its market is very limited.
The bubble lace is to be invented by the seersucker inspiration in the woven fabric, allow the ordinary single lace cloth of script wear the special cloth cover effect of similar bubble shape, manifest the lovely one side of lace fabric, had simultaneously stronger third dimension, worn the advantages such as not next to the skin.
Bubble lace in the past is to form by chemical action, utilizes cloth cover to run into the principle that concentrated base will shrink.Lace fabric runs into the concentrated base effect in postprocessing working procedures part will shrink, the part of effect just can not shrink, cloth cover just forms the special cloth cover effect of similar bubble shape gradually like this, the bubble lace that this method obtains has a shortcoming exactly through after repeatedly washing by rubbing with the hands, and bubble can be smooth gradually.And raw material is to some extent restriction also, can only be cotton or cotton and blend polyester.This development to the bubble lace has formed huge obstruction.
The spandex core-spun yarn object construction is made of two parts, and spandex is the interior lines of spandex core-spun yarn, and spandex is the macromolecular compound material of chemical synthesis, wraps up with the thin cotton of natural high-quality in spandex line outside, has just formed spandex core-spun yarn.Spandex core-spun yarn had both had textile good hygroscopicity, and good resilience is arranged again, was widely used in the production of health elastic force cloth.
Bamboo charcoal is to adopt to be grown in the mao bamboon of south more than 5 years, fires through earth kiln to form, and bamboo-carbon fibre is the functional fibre of making take ultra-fine bamboo charcoal as main raw material.Be a kind of by efficient absorption and emission far infrared, anion releasing and have moisturizing improves microcirculation, suppresses the functional fibre of the health cares such as microorganism.That bamboo charcoal fibre face fabric has is warming, temperature adjustment, antibiotic, damping, antiallergy, negative ion-releasing function.Bamboo charcoal fibre face fabric absorbs the far infrared in the light, the heat that is translated into self stores, the far infrared in strong absorption light, also little disconnected outwards emitting far-infrared, and human body also is the sensitive body of far infrared, far infrared there is strong absorption, when human body skin runs into far infrared, the situation similar to its resonance motion can occur, absorb far infrared and motion is further intensified, be converted into self heat energy, the temperature of skin surface has raise with regard to corresponding, like this, just played positive thermal effect.Bamboo charcoal fibre face fabric is mainly used in underwear, underwear, Sport ﹠ Casual dress and overcoat, socks, towel and bedding etc.Bamboo charcoal fibre face fabric is described as " healthy fabric that 21st century has development prospect most " by the insider, along with the continuous pursuit of the mankind to " ecological, healthy, environmental protection " theory, the bamboo-carbon fibre industry has more vast potential for future development, the exploitation of bamboo-carbon fibre has broken through traditional bamboo wood Application Areas, enriched the trend that meets the developing green textiles, the class that has improved textiles has increased in the world competitiveness of product.
Lace, English lace, be translated into lace, a kind of thing from abroad of roses and lace, originally in order to prevent clothes off-clip, off-line and use, along with technique continuous renewal lace use is also more and more wider, product was more attractive in appearance to satisfy people's aesthetic requirement, was favored by the women as underwear fabric with lace always afterwards.Lace is that material knitting forms with spandex, polyamide fibre, nylon mostly, and prior art is generally made women's lace underwear fabric without bamboo-carbon fibre.
Although bamboo-carbon fibre has plurality of advantages, its weakness is arranged also.The chemistry of bamboo-carbon fibre very much mainly is cellulose, half fiber and lignin, the three belongs to high glycan, total amount accounts for more than 90% of fiber dry mass, next is that protein, fat, pectin, tannin, pigment, ash grade, great majority are present in cell inner chamber or the special organelle, participate in directly or indirectly its physiological action.Bamboo-carbon fibre is the natural bamboo-carbon fibre that the method that adopts physics, chemistry to combine is produced.Produce process: bamboo wood-bamboo chip processed-steaming bamboo chip-crushing decomposition-biological enzyme degumming-carded fiber--textile fiber.In weaving process, because the easy moisture absorption of bamboo-carbon fibre, low-intensity, wet elongation is large and plastic deformation is large, very easily brittle failure, the problem such as broken yarn is shut down, and underwear elasticity is not good enough.100% the bamboo-carbon fibre fine solution shrink problem of also failing in the clothing manufacturing, feel and drapability are also to be improved, so how to have carried out dyeing and finishing processing for BLENDED FABRIC, reduce interfibrous influencing each other and also are still waiting research.
At present, the roses and lace fabric is a kind of weaving face fabric with remarkable jacquard weave effect.Different according to production method and equipment mainly are divided into raschel lace, Levi's's lace, Limerick lace three classes.
The La Sheer roses and lace is generally produced at many comb Raschel loomss.Its processing method mainly is to rely on the dissimilar sley bar pad yarn that cooperatively interacts to form, and the comb shape that becomes to enclose the land becomes the chaining spacer screen, and the inlaid thread jacquard comb forms the fancy base fabric, and inlaid thread flower comb forms clour effect at the fancy base fabric as requested; Single needle inlaid thread spandex comb increases the vertical and horizontal elasticity of fabric.This type of lace belongs to medium-to-high grade fabric, and advantage is that kind is many, the design of flower type is convenient, and production efficiency is high; Shortcoming is that flexibility is general.
Levi's's roses and lace is the lace that occurs the earliest, and lace machine is produced in Levi's.Its processing method and cloth are weaved similar, are worked simultaneously by 10,000 threads; Each details of flower type has two card controls, and the principle of playing music with piano is the same.It belongs to high-grade fabric, and advantage is that pattern is meticulous clear, and third dimension is strong, and flexibility is best, is representing classical and noble; Shortcoming is that flower type design process is loaded down with trivial details, the craftsmanship is required high, and production efficiency is low.
The embroidery roses and lace is divided into embroidery lace and hand embroidery lace two classes, at present take embroidery lace as main.Embroidery lace adopts automatic shuttle embroidery machine embroidered.Its processing method be fabric take various raw materials as grey cloth, under the effect of full-jacquard mechanism, make grey cloth obtain floral designs.It belongs to low and middle-grade fabrics, and advantage is that the flower type is various, exquisite attractive in appearance, and production efficiency is high; Shortcoming is that feel is stiffening.
Along with people spend improving constantly of the requirements such as model formula, comfortableness to clothes, the production of roses and lace fabric should guarantee high efficiency, is badly in need of again improving soft degree, therefore, needs further raising technology, innovates from process.
The clothes raw material as in the planting process of cotton, flax fibre for guaranteeing its output and quality, can a large amount of uses of insecticide, chemical fertilizer and herbicide, although the content that remains among the clothes is very little, for a long time and skin contact, very harmful.Secondly, when storing and weaving cotton cloth dyeing and finishing, to use preservative agent, mould inhibitor, mothproofing agent, oxidant, catalyst, detergent, brighten the chemical substances such as fluorescent agent, these chemical substances remain on the clothes, the lighter can cause allergic, respiratory passage diseases, and severe one can be brought out cancer, so increasing people are put into the sight of paying close attention on nontoxic, the safe textiles and green garment.
Application number is the fluorescent staining lace processing technology that 200910027728.2 Chinese invention patent " the lace processing technology of natural fabric material " has related to a kind of natural fabric material, this technique with grey cloth successively through pre-treatment, fluorescent staining, obtain the finished product fabric after dewatering, cut open the width of cloth, oven dry and typing.But the fluorescer of its use can stimulate Person's skin, might cause the diseases such as allergic, is unfavorable for that people's is healthy.
Lace is ornamental and very popular because of it, it is a very complicated process that traditional lace is made, it is to form with silk thread or the manual woollen yarn knitting of yarn according to certain pattern, these home built laces, usually be used in some above the senior fashionable dress or royal family's indoor article on, the ordinary people seldom sees.Along with the development of science and technology, present lace available machines used is produced in a large number, no longer is rare luxury goods.Existing lace can only be used for interspersing dress ornament in a large number, makes the sweet graceful and restrained of dress ornament change.For more tender and lovely skin, when wearing lace, can think that skin irritation is uncomfortable, can not wear next to the skin.
In the prior art, knitting technology is by early stage hand woven, and the large knitting needle braiding develops into the extensive centralized production pattern that current mechanical automation weaves, and is that the application of quality, output, function or product at product has all had higher requirement.Can produce the fabric with lace structure by current weaving technology---knitted lace cloth, the fabric of this class lace structure is spent the type unique style because of it, and is widely applied in fields such as clothing, decorations.Yet there is structural instability in the knitted lace cloth of prior art in knitting process, easily stressedly tears distortion, causes the inaesthetic problem of cloth profile.
Knitted lace cloth of the prior art generally adopts bonding on cloth cover or bonding lace construction fabric, but these knitted lace cloth exist connectivity poor, and is nonelastic, complex process, the problems such as production cost height.
(application number is Chinese invention patent: the weaving process that 01133968.3) discloses a kind of knitted lace cloth, this patent of invention is specially: providing a kind of can not damage under the lace state attractive in fashion toward the bonding jointing material of the tissue of lace with other method not needing, by to carrying out subsequent treatment by the knitting resulting structure of the yarn that forms stringer or resulting lace knitted fabric, produce the knitting technology of the lace knitted fabric that skin feel is good, absorption of perspiration is strong.Stringer that manufacturing is knitted into useful warp thread, adjacent coil suitably connects with weft yarn and in the manufacturing of the lace knitted fabric that forms each other with stringer, the lint formation of retractable is enrolled along stringer under elongation state with telescopic yarn, simultaneously, from this stringer one side side, on knitting direction, form the lint forming portion of from continuous coil, not enrolling on one side, to be enrolled by disappearing fibre and the fibrous terry yarn of non-solubility on one side, form lint, disappearing fibre is removed through dissolving.
This shows, the problem that above-mentioned prior art exists is: weaving is complicated, needs to use a large amount of special installations, and production cost is high, is difficult for promoting.
Therefore, for problems of the prior art, need the weaving technology that the knitted lace cloth that a kind of technique is simple, production cost is low, be easy to promote is provided badly.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to avoid weak point of the prior art and the antibiotic wear-resisting preparation technology who washs the roses and lace of flax fibre that a kind of technique is simple, production cost is low, be easy to promote is provided.Solved not environmental protection that the use of a large amount of chemical antiseptics of the prior art brings and to user and environmental damage, can't realize the soft and graceful performance of roses and lace and do not harden, stiff, the flower type is complicated, technique is complicated, production cost is high, the technical barrier that is not easy to promote, realized to keep the characteristic of natural fabric material, increased again the soft and graceful style of roses and lace, frivolous, ventilative, avoid using adhesive permeation to the reverse side fabric, make whole cloth cover look very clean, can allow clear manifesting of decorative pattern of roses and lace; The lace composite plus material that obtains with the method can be loaded onto at Garments capable of wearing in four seasons applicable according to the difference of its reverse side fabric; And by to fiber preliminary treatment, spun yarn, lace fashioned knitting and low-temperature heat post processing important indicator parametric synthesis synergy, finally obtain optimized technique.
For achieving the above object, the present invention is achieved by the following technical solutions:
A kind of antibiotic wear-resisting preparation technology who washs the roses and lace of flax fibre of the present invention, it is characterized in that, the preparation technology of the roses and lace of described antibiotic wear-resisting apocynum fibre in turn includes the following steps: fiber preliminary treatment, spun yarn, lace fashioned knitting and low-temperature heat post processing.
As preferred technical scheme:
Wherein, fiber pre-treatment step: at first, choose apocynum fibre, linen fibre, nettle fibre, polyster fibre as fibrous raw material according to the weight proportion of 1:2:1:7; Wherein, add antibacterial matrices in the above-mentioned polyster fibre spinning process, described antibacterial matrices accounts for 0.8~0.95% of polyster fibre gross weight, described antibacterial matrices is to be mixed by a year silver-colored composite inorganic antimicrobial powder, surfactant, antioxidant, and percentage by weight is respectively 0.5-0.8%, 2-3%, surplus; Surfactant is that the stearic phthalein amine of hard calcium acetate and ethylenebis is that 1:2 evenly is mixed to get according to weight ratio; Wherein, before apocynum fibre, linen fibre, nettle fibre carry out the combing slivering, first successively to carrying out successively degumming process at apocynum fibre, linen fibre, nettle fibre, be carded to bluish dogbane long fiber, flax long fiber, nettle long fiber, then bluish dogbane long fiber, flax long fiber, nettle long fiber put into successively bluish dogbane refining groove, flax refining groove, nettle refining groove and carried out refining treatment; The bath raio of the refining solution in the described bluish dogbane refining groove is controlled to be 1:11~1: 13, consisting of of refining solution: soda ash 8~9.5g/L, clorox 4~7g/L, refining enzyme 0.34~0.37g/ L, refining agent 0.2~0.5g/l, keeping the pH value of refining solution is between 8~9.5, the initial temperature of this refining solution is 34 ℃, be warming up to 64 ℃ with 120 minutes, be incubated again 30-40 minute; Described bluish dogbane long fiber fully is washed to neutrality through the deionized water with 45~55 ℃ after the refining treatment, carries out low temperature drying under 26 ℃ again;
The bath raio of described flax refining groove refining solution is controlled to be 1:30~1: 43, consisting of of refining solution: caustic soda 8~9.5g/L, clorox 11~13g/L, refining agent 0.2~0.3g/l, keeping the pH value of refining solution is between 9~10, the initial temperature of this refining solution is 45 ℃, is warming up to 90 ℃ with 120 minutes, is incubated 10-20 minute again; Described flax long fiber fully is washed to neutrality through the deionized water with 50~52 ℃ after the refining treatment, carries out low temperature drying under 36 ℃ again;
The bath raio of described nettle refining groove refining solution is controlled to be 1:45, consisting of of refining solution: soda ash 6~8g/L, clorox 8~9g/L, refining enzyme 0.12~0.14g/ L, refining agent 0.6~0.7g/l, keeping the pH value of refining solution is between 8~9, the initial temperature of this refining solution is 25 ℃, be warming up to 55 ℃ with 120 minutes, be incubated again 50-55 minute; Described nettle long fiber fully is washed to neutrality through the deionized water with 36~38 ℃ after the refining treatment, carries out low temperature drying under 26 ℃ again;
And then bluish dogbane long fiber, flax long fiber, nettle long fiber carried out antistatic treatment and wet gentle the processing successively; Described antistatic treatment is washed after soaking 115~118 minutes in the antistatic additive under keeping 65 ℃ of temperature, low temperature drying under 32~34 ℃ of temperature again, described antistatic additive are to be that 1:2:97 gets the solution that fatty acid ester, carboxylate, deionized water evenly are mixedly configured into according to weight ratio; Described wet gentle being treated to washed soak 125 minutes in wet gentle treatment fluid after, low temperature drying under 27~29 ℃ of temperature again, wherein, described wet gentle treatment fluid initial temperature is 50 ℃, be warming up to 72 ℃ with 20 minutes, and kept 105 minutes at 72 ℃, to be fatty alcohol-polyoxyethylene ether, polyethenoxy ether, methyl-monosilane emulsion, deionized water get by weight evenly being mixed with for 4:5:7~9: 64 described wet gentle treatment fluid.
Wherein, spun yarn step: make ramie stripes through the bluish dogbane long fiber after antistatic treatment and wet gentle the processing with above-mentioned, through four road mixing in doubling step, in second drafting process, sneak into above-mentioned polyster fibre, in the 3rd road drafting process, sneak into above-mentioned process antistatic treatment and the wet linen fibre that softens after processing, in the 4th road drafting process, sneak into above-mentioned process antistatic treatment and the wet nettle fibre that softens after processing; After drawing-off, make again rove, rove is boiled float, makes spun yarn through spinning again, then under 45 ℃ low temperature, carry out hot-air seasoning, the winder moulding obtains worsted yarn; Wherein, the drafting multiple of above-mentioned drawing-off is 1.54 times.
Wherein, lace fashioned knitting step: the worsted yarn that above-mentioned spun yarn step is obtained is woven into several with chain type knit stitches formation roses and lace of annulus.
Wherein, in the above-mentioned chain type knit stitches, odd number annulus and even number annulus are connected on the stringer direction a plurality of sections side by side alternately mutually.
Wherein, low-temperature heat post-processing step: the roses and lace that above-mentioned lace fashioned knitting step is obtained places heating furnace to heat-treat, and heat treated temperature is 87~94 ℃, and described heating furnace is connected with high-purity nitrogen protection.
Beneficial effect:
The roses and lace that the present invention obtains can be compound to roses and lace on any fabric, fabric after compound can keep the characteristic of original fabric, increased again the soft and graceful style of lace, frivolous at the PU film that the reverse side fabric covers, ventilative, can avoid adhesive permeation to fabric, having saved needs the bonding engagement step of specific use in the braiding process, do not need to process separately the lace structure, saved production cost.The present invention has compared with prior art that weaving process is simple, and production cost is low, the advantage that is easy to promote.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with the specific embodiment, further set forth the present invention.
Embodiment 1:
A kind of antibiotic wear-resisting preparation technology who washs the roses and lace of flax fibre, it is characterized in that, the preparation technology of the roses and lace of described antibiotic wear-resisting apocynum fibre in turn includes the following steps: fiber preliminary treatment, spun yarn, lace fashioned knitting and low-temperature heat post processing.
Embodiment 2:
A kind of antibiotic wear-resisting preparation technology who washs the roses and lace of flax fibre, it is characterized in that, the preparation technology of the roses and lace of described antibiotic wear-resisting apocynum fibre in turn includes the following steps: fiber preliminary treatment, spun yarn, lace fashioned knitting and low-temperature heat post processing; Fiber pre-treatment step: at first, choose apocynum fibre, linen fibre, nettle fibre, polyster fibre as fibrous raw material according to the weight proportion of 1:2:1:7; Wherein, add antibacterial matrices in the above-mentioned polyster fibre spinning process, described antibacterial matrices accounts for 0.8~0.95% of polyster fibre gross weight, described antibacterial matrices is to be mixed by a year silver-colored composite inorganic antimicrobial powder, surfactant, antioxidant, and percentage by weight is respectively 0.5-0.8%, 2-3%, surplus; Surfactant is that the stearic phthalein amine of hard calcium acetate and ethylenebis is that 1:2 evenly is mixed to get according to weight ratio; Wherein, before apocynum fibre, linen fibre, nettle fibre carry out the combing slivering, first successively to carrying out successively degumming process at apocynum fibre, linen fibre, nettle fibre, be carded to bluish dogbane long fiber, flax long fiber, nettle long fiber, then bluish dogbane long fiber, flax long fiber, nettle long fiber put into successively bluish dogbane refining groove, flax refining groove, nettle refining groove and carried out refining treatment; The bath raio of the refining solution in the described bluish dogbane refining groove is controlled to be 1:11~1: 13, consisting of of refining solution: soda ash 8~9.5g/L, clorox 4~7g/L, refining enzyme 0.34~0.37g/ L, refining agent 0.2~0.5g/l, keeping the pH value of refining solution is between 8~9.5, the initial temperature of this refining solution is 34 ℃, be warming up to 64 ℃ with 120 minutes, be incubated again 30-40 minute; Described bluish dogbane long fiber fully is washed to neutrality through the deionized water with 45~55 ℃ after the refining treatment, carries out low temperature drying under 26 ℃ again;
The bath raio of described flax refining groove refining solution is controlled to be 1:30~1: 43, consisting of of refining solution: caustic soda 8~9.5g/L, clorox 11~13g/L, refining agent 0.2~0.3g/l, keeping the pH value of refining solution is between 9~10, the initial temperature of this refining solution is 45 ℃, is warming up to 90 ℃ with 120 minutes, is incubated 10-20 minute again; Described flax long fiber fully is washed to neutrality through the deionized water with 50~52 ℃ after the refining treatment, carries out low temperature drying under 36 ℃ again;
The bath raio of described nettle refining groove refining solution is controlled to be 1:45, consisting of of refining solution: soda ash 6~8g/L, clorox 8~9g/L, refining enzyme 0.12~0.14g/ L, refining agent 0.6~0.7g/l, keeping the pH value of refining solution is between 8~9, the initial temperature of this refining solution is 25 ℃, be warming up to 55 ℃ with 120 minutes, be incubated again 50-55 minute; Described nettle long fiber fully is washed to neutrality through the deionized water with 36~38 ℃ after the refining treatment, carries out low temperature drying under 26 ℃ again;
And then bluish dogbane long fiber, flax long fiber, nettle long fiber carried out antistatic treatment and wet gentle the processing successively; Described antistatic treatment is washed after soaking 115~118 minutes in the antistatic additive under keeping 65 ℃ of temperature, low temperature drying under 32~34 ℃ of temperature again, described antistatic additive are to be that 1:2:97 gets the solution that fatty acid ester, carboxylate, deionized water evenly are mixedly configured into according to weight ratio; Described wet gentle being treated to washed soak 125 minutes in wet gentle treatment fluid after, low temperature drying under 27~29 ℃ of temperature again, wherein, described wet gentle treatment fluid initial temperature is 50 ℃, be warming up to 72 ℃ with 20 minutes, and kept 105 minutes at 72 ℃, to be fatty alcohol-polyoxyethylene ether, polyethenoxy ether, methyl-monosilane emulsion, deionized water get by weight evenly being mixed with for 4:5:7~9: 64 described wet gentle treatment fluid.
Embodiment 3:
A kind of antibiotic wear-resisting preparation technology who washs the roses and lace of flax fibre, it is characterized in that, the preparation technology of the roses and lace of described antibiotic wear-resisting apocynum fibre in turn includes the following steps: fiber preliminary treatment, spun yarn, lace fashioned knitting and low-temperature heat post processing; Fiber pre-treatment step: at first, choose apocynum fibre, linen fibre, nettle fibre, polyster fibre as fibrous raw material according to the weight proportion of 1:2:1:7; Wherein, add antibacterial matrices in the above-mentioned polyster fibre spinning process, described antibacterial matrices accounts for 0.8~0.95% of polyster fibre gross weight, described antibacterial matrices is to be mixed by a year silver-colored composite inorganic antimicrobial powder, surfactant, antioxidant, and percentage by weight is respectively 0.5-0.8%, 2-3%, surplus; Surfactant is that the stearic phthalein amine of hard calcium acetate and ethylenebis is that 1:2 evenly is mixed to get according to weight ratio; Wherein, before apocynum fibre, linen fibre, nettle fibre carry out the combing slivering, first successively to carrying out successively degumming process at apocynum fibre, linen fibre, nettle fibre, be carded to bluish dogbane long fiber, flax long fiber, nettle long fiber, then bluish dogbane long fiber, flax long fiber, nettle long fiber put into successively bluish dogbane refining groove, flax refining groove, nettle refining groove and carried out refining treatment; The bath raio of the refining solution in the described bluish dogbane refining groove is controlled to be 1:11~1: 13, consisting of of refining solution: soda ash 8~9.5g/L, clorox 4~7g/L, refining enzyme 0.34~0.37g/ L, refining agent 0.2~0.5g/l, keeping the pH value of refining solution is between 8~9.5, the initial temperature of this refining solution is 34 ℃, be warming up to 64 ℃ with 120 minutes, be incubated again 30-40 minute; Described bluish dogbane long fiber fully is washed to neutrality through the deionized water with 45~55 ℃ after the refining treatment, carries out low temperature drying under 26 ℃ again;
The bath raio of described flax refining groove refining solution is controlled to be 1:30~1: 43, consisting of of refining solution: caustic soda 8~9.5g/L, clorox 11~13g/L, refining agent 0.2~0.3g/l, keeping the pH value of refining solution is between 9~10, the initial temperature of this refining solution is 45 ℃, is warming up to 90 ℃ with 120 minutes, is incubated 10-20 minute again; Described flax long fiber fully is washed to neutrality through the deionized water with 50~52 ℃ after the refining treatment, carries out low temperature drying under 36 ℃ again;
The bath raio of described nettle refining groove refining solution is controlled to be 1:45, consisting of of refining solution: soda ash 6~8g/L, clorox 8~9g/L, refining enzyme 0.12~0.14g/ L, refining agent 0.6~0.7g/l, keeping the pH value of refining solution is between 8~9, the initial temperature of this refining solution is 25 ℃, be warming up to 55 ℃ with 120 minutes, be incubated again 50-55 minute; Described nettle long fiber fully is washed to neutrality through the deionized water with 36~38 ℃ after the refining treatment, carries out low temperature drying under 26 ℃ again;
And then bluish dogbane long fiber, flax long fiber, nettle long fiber carried out antistatic treatment and wet gentle the processing successively; Described antistatic treatment is washed after soaking 115~118 minutes in the antistatic additive under keeping 65 ℃ of temperature, low temperature drying under 32~34 ℃ of temperature again, described antistatic additive are to be that 1:2:97 gets the solution that fatty acid ester, carboxylate, deionized water evenly are mixedly configured into according to weight ratio; Described wet gentle being treated to washed soak 125 minutes in wet gentle treatment fluid after, low temperature drying under 27~29 ℃ of temperature again, wherein, described wet gentle treatment fluid initial temperature is 50 ℃, be warming up to 72 ℃ with 20 minutes, and kept 105 minutes at 72 ℃, to be fatty alcohol-polyoxyethylene ether, polyethenoxy ether, methyl-monosilane emulsion, deionized water get by weight evenly being mixed with for 4:5:7~9: 64 described wet gentle treatment fluid; Spun yarn step: make ramie stripes through the bluish dogbane long fiber after antistatic treatment and wet gentle the processing with above-mentioned, through four road mixing in doubling step, in second drafting process, sneak into above-mentioned polyster fibre, in the 3rd road drafting process, sneak into above-mentioned process antistatic treatment and the wet linen fibre that softens after processing, in the 4th road drafting process, sneak into above-mentioned process antistatic treatment and the wet nettle fibre that softens after processing; After drawing-off, make again rove, rove is boiled float, makes spun yarn through spinning again, then under 45 ℃ low temperature, carry out hot-air seasoning, the winder moulding obtains worsted yarn; Wherein, the drafting multiple of above-mentioned drawing-off is 1.54 times.
Embodiment 4:
A kind of antibiotic wear-resisting preparation technology who washs the roses and lace of flax fibre, it is characterized in that, the preparation technology of the roses and lace of described antibiotic wear-resisting apocynum fibre in turn includes the following steps: fiber preliminary treatment, spun yarn, lace fashioned knitting and low-temperature heat post processing; Fiber pre-treatment step: at first, choose apocynum fibre, linen fibre, nettle fibre, polyster fibre as fibrous raw material according to the weight proportion of 1:2:1:7; Wherein, add antibacterial matrices in the above-mentioned polyster fibre spinning process, described antibacterial matrices accounts for 0.8~0.95% of polyster fibre gross weight, described antibacterial matrices is to be mixed by a year silver-colored composite inorganic antimicrobial powder, surfactant, antioxidant, and percentage by weight is respectively 0.5-0.8%, 2-3%, surplus; Surfactant is that the stearic phthalein amine of hard calcium acetate and ethylenebis is that 1:2 evenly is mixed to get according to weight ratio; Wherein, before apocynum fibre, linen fibre, nettle fibre carry out the combing slivering, first successively to carrying out successively degumming process at apocynum fibre, linen fibre, nettle fibre, be carded to bluish dogbane long fiber, flax long fiber, nettle long fiber, then bluish dogbane long fiber, flax long fiber, nettle long fiber put into successively bluish dogbane refining groove, flax refining groove, nettle refining groove and carried out refining treatment; The bath raio of the refining solution in the described bluish dogbane refining groove is controlled to be 1:11~1: 13, consisting of of refining solution: soda ash 8~9.5g/L, clorox 4~7g/L, refining enzyme 0.34~0.37g/ L, refining agent 0.2~0.5g/l, keeping the pH value of refining solution is between 8~9.5, the initial temperature of this refining solution is 34 ℃, be warming up to 64 ℃ with 120 minutes, be incubated again 30-40 minute; Described bluish dogbane long fiber fully is washed to neutrality through the deionized water with 45~55 ℃ after the refining treatment, carries out low temperature drying under 26 ℃ again;
The bath raio of described flax refining groove refining solution is controlled to be 1:30~1: 43, consisting of of refining solution: caustic soda 8~9.5g/L, clorox 11~13g/L, refining agent 0.2~0.3g/l, keeping the pH value of refining solution is between 9~10, the initial temperature of this refining solution is 45 ℃, is warming up to 90 ℃ with 120 minutes, is incubated 10-20 minute again; Described flax long fiber fully is washed to neutrality through the deionized water with 50~52 ℃ after the refining treatment, carries out low temperature drying under 36 ℃ again;
The bath raio of described nettle refining groove refining solution is controlled to be 1:45, consisting of of refining solution: soda ash 6~8g/L, clorox 8~9g/L, refining enzyme 0.12~0.14g/ L, refining agent 0.6~0.7g/l, keeping the pH value of refining solution is between 8~9, the initial temperature of this refining solution is 25 ℃, be warming up to 55 ℃ with 120 minutes, be incubated again 50-55 minute; Described nettle long fiber fully is washed to neutrality through the deionized water with 36~38 ℃ after the refining treatment, carries out low temperature drying under 26 ℃ again;
And then bluish dogbane long fiber, flax long fiber, nettle long fiber carried out antistatic treatment and wet gentle the processing successively; Described antistatic treatment is washed after soaking 115~118 minutes in the antistatic additive under keeping 65 ℃ of temperature, low temperature drying under 32~34 ℃ of temperature again, described antistatic additive are to be that 1:2:97 gets the solution that fatty acid ester, carboxylate, deionized water evenly are mixedly configured into according to weight ratio; Described wet gentle being treated to washed soak 125 minutes in wet gentle treatment fluid after, low temperature drying under 27~29 ℃ of temperature again, wherein, described wet gentle treatment fluid initial temperature is 50 ℃, be warming up to 72 ℃ with 20 minutes, and kept 105 minutes at 72 ℃, to be fatty alcohol-polyoxyethylene ether, polyethenoxy ether, methyl-monosilane emulsion, deionized water get by weight evenly being mixed with for 4:5:7~9: 64 described wet gentle treatment fluid; Spun yarn step: make ramie stripes through the bluish dogbane long fiber after antistatic treatment and wet gentle the processing with above-mentioned, through four road mixing in doubling step, in second drafting process, sneak into above-mentioned polyster fibre, in the 3rd road drafting process, sneak into above-mentioned process antistatic treatment and the wet linen fibre that softens after processing, in the 4th road drafting process, sneak into above-mentioned process antistatic treatment and the wet nettle fibre that softens after processing; After drawing-off, make again rove, rove is boiled float, makes spun yarn through spinning again, then under 45 ℃ low temperature, carry out hot-air seasoning, the winder moulding obtains worsted yarn; Wherein, the drafting multiple of above-mentioned drawing-off is 1.54 times; Lace fashioned knitting step: the worsted yarn that above-mentioned spun yarn step is obtained is woven into several with chain type knit stitches formation roses and lace of annulus.
Embodiment 5:
A kind of antibiotic wear-resisting preparation technology who washs the roses and lace of flax fibre, it is characterized in that, the preparation technology of the roses and lace of described antibiotic wear-resisting apocynum fibre in turn includes the following steps: fiber preliminary treatment, spun yarn, lace fashioned knitting and low-temperature heat post processing; Fiber pre-treatment step: at first, choose apocynum fibre, linen fibre, nettle fibre, polyster fibre as fibrous raw material according to the weight proportion of 1:2:1:7; Wherein, add antibacterial matrices in the above-mentioned polyster fibre spinning process, described antibacterial matrices accounts for 0.8~0.95% of polyster fibre gross weight, described antibacterial matrices is to be mixed by a year silver-colored composite inorganic antimicrobial powder, surfactant, antioxidant, and percentage by weight is respectively 0.5-0.8%, 2-3%, surplus; Surfactant is that the stearic phthalein amine of hard calcium acetate and ethylenebis is that 1:2 evenly is mixed to get according to weight ratio; Wherein, before apocynum fibre, linen fibre, nettle fibre carry out the combing slivering, first successively to carrying out successively degumming process at apocynum fibre, linen fibre, nettle fibre, be carded to bluish dogbane long fiber, flax long fiber, nettle long fiber, then bluish dogbane long fiber, flax long fiber, nettle long fiber put into successively bluish dogbane refining groove, flax refining groove, nettle refining groove and carried out refining treatment; The bath raio of the refining solution in the described bluish dogbane refining groove is controlled to be 1:11~1: 13, consisting of of refining solution: soda ash 8~9.5g/L, clorox 4~7g/L, refining enzyme 0.34~0.37g/ L, refining agent 0.2~0.5g/l, keeping the pH value of refining solution is between 8~9.5, the initial temperature of this refining solution is 34 ℃, be warming up to 64 ℃ with 120 minutes, be incubated again 30-40 minute; Described bluish dogbane long fiber fully is washed to neutrality through the deionized water with 45~55 ℃ after the refining treatment, carries out low temperature drying under 26 ℃ again;
The bath raio of described flax refining groove refining solution is controlled to be 1:30~1: 43, consisting of of refining solution: caustic soda 8~9.5g/L, clorox 11~13g/L, refining agent 0.2~0.3g/l, keeping the pH value of refining solution is between 9~10, the initial temperature of this refining solution is 45 ℃, is warming up to 90 ℃ with 120 minutes, is incubated 10-20 minute again; Described flax long fiber fully is washed to neutrality through the deionized water with 50~52 ℃ after the refining treatment, carries out low temperature drying under 36 ℃ again;
The bath raio of described nettle refining groove refining solution is controlled to be 1:45, consisting of of refining solution: soda ash 6~8g/L, clorox 8~9g/L, refining enzyme 0.12~0.14g/ L, refining agent 0.6~0.7g/l, keeping the pH value of refining solution is between 8~9, the initial temperature of this refining solution is 25 ℃, be warming up to 55 ℃ with 120 minutes, be incubated again 50-55 minute; Described nettle long fiber fully is washed to neutrality through the deionized water with 36~38 ℃ after the refining treatment, carries out low temperature drying under 26 ℃ again;
And then bluish dogbane long fiber, flax long fiber, nettle long fiber carried out antistatic treatment and wet gentle the processing successively; Described antistatic treatment is washed after soaking 115~118 minutes in the antistatic additive under keeping 65 ℃ of temperature, low temperature drying under 32~34 ℃ of temperature again, described antistatic additive are to be that 1:2:97 gets the solution that fatty acid ester, carboxylate, deionized water evenly are mixedly configured into according to weight ratio; Described wet gentle being treated to washed soak 125 minutes in wet gentle treatment fluid after, low temperature drying under 27~29 ℃ of temperature again, wherein, described wet gentle treatment fluid initial temperature is 50 ℃, be warming up to 72 ℃ with 20 minutes, and kept 105 minutes at 72 ℃, to be fatty alcohol-polyoxyethylene ether, polyethenoxy ether, methyl-monosilane emulsion, deionized water get by weight evenly being mixed with for 4:5:7~9: 64 described wet gentle treatment fluid; Spun yarn step: make ramie stripes through the bluish dogbane long fiber after antistatic treatment and wet gentle the processing with above-mentioned, through four road mixing in doubling step, in second drafting process, sneak into above-mentioned polyster fibre, in the 3rd road drafting process, sneak into above-mentioned process antistatic treatment and the wet linen fibre that softens after processing, in the 4th road drafting process, sneak into above-mentioned process antistatic treatment and the wet nettle fibre that softens after processing; After drawing-off, make again rove, rove is boiled float, makes spun yarn through spinning again, then under 45 ℃ low temperature, carry out hot-air seasoning, the winder moulding obtains worsted yarn; Wherein, the drafting multiple of above-mentioned drawing-off is 1.54 times; Lace fashioned knitting step: the worsted yarn that above-mentioned spun yarn step is obtained is woven into several with chain type knit stitches formation roses and lace of annulus; In the above-mentioned chain type knit stitches, odd number annulus and even number annulus are connected on the stringer direction a plurality of sections side by side alternately mutually.
Embodiment 6:
A kind of antibiotic wear-resisting preparation technology who washs the roses and lace of flax fibre, it is characterized in that, the preparation technology of the roses and lace of described antibiotic wear-resisting apocynum fibre in turn includes the following steps: fiber preliminary treatment, spun yarn, lace fashioned knitting and low-temperature heat post processing; Fiber pre-treatment step: at first, choose apocynum fibre, linen fibre, nettle fibre, polyster fibre as fibrous raw material according to the weight proportion of 1:2:1:7; Wherein, add antibacterial matrices in the above-mentioned polyster fibre spinning process, described antibacterial matrices accounts for 0.8~0.95% of polyster fibre gross weight, described antibacterial matrices is to be mixed by a year silver-colored composite inorganic antimicrobial powder, surfactant, antioxidant, and percentage by weight is respectively 0.5-0.8%, 2-3%, surplus; Surfactant is that the stearic phthalein amine of hard calcium acetate and ethylenebis is that 1:2 evenly is mixed to get according to weight ratio; Wherein, before apocynum fibre, linen fibre, nettle fibre carry out the combing slivering, first successively to carrying out successively degumming process at apocynum fibre, linen fibre, nettle fibre, be carded to bluish dogbane long fiber, flax long fiber, nettle long fiber, then bluish dogbane long fiber, flax long fiber, nettle long fiber put into successively bluish dogbane refining groove, flax refining groove, nettle refining groove and carried out refining treatment; The bath raio of the refining solution in the described bluish dogbane refining groove is controlled to be 1:11~1: 13, consisting of of refining solution: soda ash 8~9.5g/L, clorox 4~7g/L, refining enzyme 0.34~0.37g/ L, refining agent 0.2~0.5g/l, keeping the pH value of refining solution is between 8~9.5, the initial temperature of this refining solution is 34 ℃, be warming up to 64 ℃ with 120 minutes, be incubated again 30-40 minute; Described bluish dogbane long fiber fully is washed to neutrality through the deionized water with 45~55 ℃ after the refining treatment, carries out low temperature drying under 26 ℃ again;
The bath raio of described flax refining groove refining solution is controlled to be 1:30~1: 43, consisting of of refining solution: caustic soda 8~9.5g/L, clorox 11~13g/L, refining agent 0.2~0.3g/l, keeping the pH value of refining solution is between 9~10, the initial temperature of this refining solution is 45 ℃, is warming up to 90 ℃ with 120 minutes, is incubated 10-20 minute again; Described flax long fiber fully is washed to neutrality through the deionized water with 50~52 ℃ after the refining treatment, carries out low temperature drying under 36 ℃ again;
The bath raio of described nettle refining groove refining solution is controlled to be 1:45, consisting of of refining solution: soda ash 6~8g/L, clorox 8~9g/L, refining enzyme 0.12~0.14g/ L, refining agent 0.6~0.7g/l, keeping the pH value of refining solution is between 8~9, the initial temperature of this refining solution is 25 ℃, be warming up to 55 ℃ with 120 minutes, be incubated again 50-55 minute; Described nettle long fiber fully is washed to neutrality through the deionized water with 36~38 ℃ after the refining treatment, carries out low temperature drying under 26 ℃ again;
And then bluish dogbane long fiber, flax long fiber, nettle long fiber carried out antistatic treatment and wet gentle the processing successively; Described antistatic treatment is washed after soaking 115~118 minutes in the antistatic additive under keeping 65 ℃ of temperature, low temperature drying under 32~34 ℃ of temperature again, described antistatic additive are to be that 1:2:97 gets the solution that fatty acid ester, carboxylate, deionized water evenly are mixedly configured into according to weight ratio; Described wet gentle being treated to washed soak 125 minutes in wet gentle treatment fluid after, low temperature drying under 27~29 ℃ of temperature again, wherein, described wet gentle treatment fluid initial temperature is 50 ℃, be warming up to 72 ℃ with 20 minutes, and kept 105 minutes at 72 ℃, to be fatty alcohol-polyoxyethylene ether, polyethenoxy ether, methyl-monosilane emulsion, deionized water get by weight evenly being mixed with for 4:5:7~9: 64 described wet gentle treatment fluid; Spun yarn step: make ramie stripes through the bluish dogbane long fiber after antistatic treatment and wet gentle the processing with above-mentioned, through four road mixing in doubling step, in second drafting process, sneak into above-mentioned polyster fibre, in the 3rd road drafting process, sneak into above-mentioned process antistatic treatment and the wet linen fibre that softens after processing, in the 4th road drafting process, sneak into above-mentioned process antistatic treatment and the wet nettle fibre that softens after processing; After drawing-off, make again rove, rove is boiled float, makes spun yarn through spinning again, then under 45 ℃ low temperature, carry out hot-air seasoning, the winder moulding obtains worsted yarn; Wherein, the drafting multiple of above-mentioned drawing-off is 1.54 times; Lace fashioned knitting step: the worsted yarn that above-mentioned spun yarn step is obtained is woven into several with chain type knit stitches formation roses and lace of annulus; In the above-mentioned chain type knit stitches, odd number annulus and even number annulus are connected on the stringer direction a plurality of sections side by side alternately mutually; The low-temperature heat post-processing step: the roses and lace that above-mentioned lace fashioned knitting step is obtained places heating furnace to heat-treat, and heat treated temperature is 87~94 ℃, and described heating furnace is connected with high-purity nitrogen protection.
Should be noted that at last; above embodiment is only in order to illustrate technical scheme of the present invention but not limiting the scope of the invention; although with reference to preferred embodiment the present invention has been done detailed description; those of ordinary skill in the art is to be understood that; can make amendment or be equal to replacement technical scheme of the present invention, and not break away from essence and the scope of technical solution of the present invention.

Claims (6)

1. antibiotic wear-resisting preparation technology who washs the roses and lace of flax fibre, it is characterized in that, the preparation technology of the roses and lace of described antibiotic wear-resisting apocynum fibre in turn includes the following steps: fiber preliminary treatment, spun yarn, lace fashioned knitting and low-temperature heat post processing.
2. the antibiotic wear-resisting preparation technology who washs the roses and lace of flax fibre according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, fiber pre-treatment step: at first, choose apocynum fibre, linen fibre, nettle fibre, polyster fibre as fibrous raw material according to the weight proportion of 1:2:1:7; Wherein, add antibacterial matrices in the above-mentioned polyster fibre spinning process, described antibacterial matrices accounts for 0.8~0.95% of polyster fibre gross weight, described antibacterial matrices is to be mixed by a year silver-colored composite inorganic antimicrobial powder, surfactant, antioxidant, and percentage by weight is respectively 0.5-0.8%, 2-3%, surplus; Surfactant is that the stearic phthalein amine of hard calcium acetate and ethylenebis is that 1:2 evenly is mixed to get according to weight ratio; Wherein, before apocynum fibre, linen fibre, nettle fibre carry out the combing slivering, first successively to carrying out successively degumming process at apocynum fibre, linen fibre, nettle fibre, be carded to bluish dogbane long fiber, flax long fiber, nettle long fiber, then bluish dogbane long fiber, flax long fiber, nettle long fiber put into successively bluish dogbane refining groove, flax refining groove, nettle refining groove and carried out refining treatment; The bath raio of the refining solution in the described bluish dogbane refining groove is controlled to be 1:11~1: 13, consisting of of refining solution: soda ash 8~9.5g/L, clorox 4~7g/L, refining enzyme 0.34~0.37g/ L, refining agent 0.2~0.5g/l, keeping the pH value of refining solution is between 8~9.5, the initial temperature of this refining solution is 34 ℃, be warming up to 64 ℃ with 120 minutes, be incubated again 30-40 minute; Described bluish dogbane long fiber fully is washed to neutrality through the deionized water with 45~55 ℃ after the refining treatment, carries out low temperature drying under 26 ℃ again;
The bath raio of described flax refining groove refining solution is controlled to be 1:30~1: 43, consisting of of refining solution: caustic soda 8~9.5g/L, clorox 11~13g/L, refining agent 0.2~0.3g/l, keeping the pH value of refining solution is between 9~10, the initial temperature of this refining solution is 45 ℃, is warming up to 90 ℃ with 120 minutes, is incubated 10-20 minute again; Described flax long fiber fully is washed to neutrality through the deionized water with 50~52 ℃ after the refining treatment, carries out low temperature drying under 36 ℃ again;
The bath raio of described nettle refining groove refining solution is controlled to be 1:45, consisting of of refining solution: soda ash 6~8g/L, clorox 8~9g/L, refining enzyme 0.12~0.14g/ L, refining agent 0.6~0.7g/l, keeping the pH value of refining solution is between 8~9, the initial temperature of this refining solution is 25 ℃, be warming up to 55 ℃ with 120 minutes, be incubated again 50-55 minute; Described nettle long fiber fully is washed to neutrality through the deionized water with 36~38 ℃ after the refining treatment, carries out low temperature drying under 26 ℃ again;
And then bluish dogbane long fiber, flax long fiber, nettle long fiber carried out antistatic treatment and wet gentle the processing successively; Described antistatic treatment is washed after soaking 115~118 minutes in the antistatic additive under keeping 65 ℃ of temperature, low temperature drying under 32~34 ℃ of temperature again, described antistatic additive are to be that 1:2:97 gets the solution that fatty acid ester, carboxylate, deionized water evenly are mixedly configured into according to weight ratio; Described wet gentle being treated to washed soak 125 minutes in wet gentle treatment fluid after, low temperature drying under 27~29 ℃ of temperature again, wherein, described wet gentle treatment fluid initial temperature is 50 ℃, be warming up to 72 ℃ with 20 minutes, and kept 105 minutes at 72 ℃, to be fatty alcohol-polyoxyethylene ether, polyethenoxy ether, methyl-monosilane emulsion, deionized water get by weight evenly being mixed with for 4:5:7~9: 64 described wet gentle treatment fluid.
3. the antibiotic wear-resisting preparation technology who washs the roses and lace of flax fibre according to claim 2, it is characterized in that, spun yarn step: make ramie stripes through the bluish dogbane long fiber after antistatic treatment and wet gentle the processing with above-mentioned, through four road mixing in doubling step, in second drafting process, sneak into above-mentioned polyster fibre, in the 3rd road drafting process, sneak into above-mentioned process antistatic treatment and the wet linen fibre that softens after processing, in the 4th road drafting process, sneak into above-mentioned process antistatic treatment and the wet nettle fibre that softens after processing; After drawing-off, make again rove, rove is boiled float, makes spun yarn through spinning again, then under 45 ℃ low temperature, carry out hot-air seasoning, the winder moulding obtains worsted yarn; Wherein, the drafting multiple of above-mentioned drawing-off is 1.54 times.
4. the antibiotic wear-resisting preparation technology who washs the roses and lace of flax fibre according to claim 3, it is characterized in that lace fashioned knitting step: the worsted yarn that above-mentioned spun yarn step is obtained is woven into several with chain type knit stitches formation roses and lace of annulus.
5. the antibiotic wear-resisting preparation technology who washs the roses and lace of flax fibre according to claim 4 is characterized in that, in the above-mentioned chain type knit stitches, odd number annulus and even number annulus are connected on the stringer direction a plurality of sections side by side alternately mutually.
6. according to claim 4 or the 5 or 6 described antibiotic wear-resisting preparation technologies that wash the roses and lace of flax fibre; it is characterized in that; the low-temperature heat post-processing step: the roses and lace that above-mentioned lace fashioned knitting step is obtained places heating furnace to heat-treat; heat treated temperature is 87~94 ℃, and described heating furnace is connected with high-purity nitrogen protection.
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