CN102960173B - Tender branch cutting method for zelkova schneideriana - Google Patents

Tender branch cutting method for zelkova schneideriana Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102960173B
CN102960173B CN 201210530283 CN201210530283A CN102960173B CN 102960173 B CN102960173 B CN 102960173B CN 201210530283 CN201210530283 CN 201210530283 CN 201210530283 A CN201210530283 A CN 201210530283A CN 102960173 B CN102960173 B CN 102960173B
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China
Prior art keywords
beech
cuttage
cutting
plugged ear
red heart
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN 201210530283
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102960173A (en
Inventor
刘海龙
张日清
陈博雯
覃子海
陈晓明
苏烜
黄宏喜
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Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region Forestry Research Institute
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Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region Forestry Research Institute
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Abstract

The invention discloses a tender branch cutting method for zelkova schneideriana. The tender branch cutting method comprises the steps of acquiring cutting slips, treating the cutting slips and carrying out cutting management. According to the tender branch cutting method, thin and tender branches with the diameters of 0.066-0.167 cm are adopted as the cutting slips for cutting, more cutting slips can be acquired in a cutting orchard under the same conditions, the rooting percentage reaches 78.5%, and compared with a hard wood cutting method, the tender branch cutting method can obtain higher breeding efficiency.

Description

A kind of beech tree epicormic branch cuttage method
One, technical field
The present invention relates to achievements in forest-tree seedling and cultivate technical field, specifically a kind of beech tree epicormic branch cuttage method.
Two, background technology
Beech trees (Zelkova schneideriana) belong to Ulmaceae (Ulmaceae family) Zelkova (Zelkova), and the fallen leaves megaphanerophyte is distributed in the east, Mediterranean to east Asia, about 10 species.The wide geographic area to the east of Liaodong Peninsula to the southwest is mainly originated in China.It is long to have the age of tree, wind resistance, anti-morning, the characteristics such as damage by disease and insect is few, material is good.The densification of beech trees material is hard, and beautiful texture is difficult for flexible and deflection, and rotproofness is strong, is shipbuilding, bridge and the first-class timber of producing all kinds of top-grade furnitures and handicraft, belongs to high-grade hard broad-leaved commerical tree species.Stem skin fibre-bearing, and content is more, is the raw material of making synthetic cotton, rope and papermaking.The tree root well developed root system can fixing water and soil, and the maintenance water source improves the gas permeability of soil and structure, is good water and soil conservation seeds.Tree-like grace, crown width is large, and leaf look aspect changes abundant, thereby is again the traditional colour leaf Landscape Tree Species that is loved by the people and important Green Landscape seeds.Because the beech tree has higher economy, ecology and view value, and existing beech tree resource is very in short supply, and in first " national key protected wild plants register ", the beech tree is listed in the wild plant that national secondary is laid special stress on protecting.
It is little that beech trees is spent, and the fruit drop phenomenon is serious, and the ripening rate of seed has been listed in national two class protective plants only about 10%.Present stage, China mainly relies on import with the material beech.The at present vegetative propagation technique research of beech tree is carried out comprehensively.The grafting of beech tree, generally take American elm as stock, graft survival rate can reach more than 80%.The Study on tissue culture of beech tree has obtained certain progress, but not yet forms the ability of scale breeding.The cuttage of beech trees has been obtained preferably effect, is up to 93% root survival, the branch diameter that adopts generally at 0.6~1.0cm.The epicormic branch cuttage of beech trees has also had research report, but used plugged ear is still thicker, and diameter range is between 0.4~0.6cm, and rooting rate is only up to 73.5%, and effect is undesirable.
Three, summary of the invention
The purpose of this invention is to provide a kind of beech tree epicormic branch cuttage method, utilizing beech to set young shoot carries out cuttage and obtains the beech tree root seedling is arranged, compare with cuttage, this kind method can be adopted to get more plugged ear in the cutting orchard of equal conditions, thereby can obtain higher reproductive efficiency.
The present invention achieves the above object by the following technical programs, and a kind of beech tree epicormic branch cuttage method comprises the steps:
1, the collection of plugged ear
Select robust growth, without the plant of damage by disease and insect as scion-seed tree.Material therefor be 2 years living beech trees give birth to then the new rudiment of semi-lignified after semi-lignified terminal bud or lateral bud and 4 years livings beech are set stump, acquisition time is 3 ~ May, the diameter scope is 0.066~0.167cm, average out to 0.101cm.Beech tree cutting length is 4 ~ 8cm, keeps 2 ~ 7 buds on every stem cutting fringe, and cut mode is truncation.
2, the processing of plugged ear
Adopting diameter 7cm, highly is that the transparent plastic bag of 11cm is as Seedling bag; Adopt red heart soil as seedling medium, a few days carries out disinfection to red heart soil matrix matter with 0.3~0.5% potassium permanganate before the cuttage, and cuttage is drenched with running water the previous day, washes out potassium permanganate.
Cut the partial blade of plugged ear, only stay 1/2 of 1~3 leaf in top, use 400mgL -1ABT6 number (GGR) root-inducing powder soak plugged ear base portion 16h after, insert red heart soil.
3, cuttage management
Drench water immediately once after inserting, and the later stage is adopted intermittent spraying system full sun, keeps red heart soil moistening.To avoid high temperature and intense light irradiation simultaneously, draw sunshade net in the stronger period of sunlight at 4 o'clock in 10 o'clock~afternoon in the morning.The place of growing seedlings is ventilated, requires simultaneously drainage good.Can spray 800~1000 times the agricultural chemicals such as carbendazim, topsin in the time of necessary, in case the harm of the bacterium of curing the disease.
The present invention compared with prior art has following outstanding substantive distinguishing features and marked improvement:
1, owing to adopt diameter to carry out cuttage at the delicate branch of 0.066~0.167cm as plugged ear, in the cutting orchard of equal conditions, can adopt to get more plugged ear, thereby obtain higher reproductive efficiency;
2, adopting beech tree spray to obtain the beech tree as plugged ear has the root seedling, can reach the purpose of breeding in a large number and utilizing these seeds, can reach again the purpose of protection endangered species germ plasm resource, and root survival can reach 78.5%.
Four, embodiment
Below by specific embodiment technical scheme of the present invention is described further.
Embodiment 1
Beech tree epicormic branch cuttage method of the present invention comprises the steps:
1, selects to gather the plugged ear elite stand
Select robust growth, without the plant of damage by disease and insect as scion-seed tree.
2, plugged ear is selected and the plugged ear shearing
Material therefor be 2 years living beech trees give birth to then the new rudiment of semi-lignified after semi-lignified terminal bud or lateral bud and 4 years livings beech are set stump, acquisition time is 3 ~ May, the Nanning, place.Diameter is 0.066cm, and the beech tree cutting length of shearing is 4cm, keeps 2 buds on every stem cutting fringe, and cut mode is truncation.
3, the processing method of seedling medium
Adopt red heart soil as seedling medium, a few days carries out disinfection to red heart soil matrix matter with 0.3% potassium permanganate before the cuttage, and cuttage is drenched with running water the previous day, washes out potassium permanganate.
4, select container for plant growth
Seedling bag adopts diameter 7cm, highly is the transparent plastic bag of 11cm.
5, plugged ear processing method
Cut the partial blade of plugged ear, only stay 1/2 of 1 leaf in top, use 400mgL -1ABT6 number (GGR) root-inducing powder soak plugged ear base portion 16h after, insert red heart soil.
6, cuttage management
Drench water immediately once after inserting, and the later stage is adopted intermittent spraying system full sun, keeps red heart soil moistening.To avoid high temperature and intense light irradiation simultaneously, draw sunshade net in the stronger period of sunlight at 4 o'clock in 10 o'clock~afternoon in the morning.
The place of growing seedlings is ventilated, requires simultaneously drainage good.Can spray 800 times the agricultural chemicals such as carbendazim, topsin in the time of necessary, in case the harm of the bacterium of curing the disease.
Embodiment 2
1, selects to gather the plugged ear elite stand
Select robust growth, without the plant of damage by disease and insect as scion-seed tree.
2, plugged ear is selected and the plugged ear shearing
Material therefor be 2 years living beech trees give birth to then the new rudiment of semi-lignified after semi-lignified terminal bud or lateral bud and 4 years livings beech are set stump, acquisition time is 3 ~ May, the Nanning, place.Diameter is about 0.101cm.The beech tree cutting length of shearing is about 6cm, keeps 4~5 buds on every stem cutting fringe, and cut mode is truncation.
3, the processing method of seedling medium
Adopt red heart soil as seedling medium, a few days carries out disinfection to red heart soil matrix matter with 0.4% potassium permanganate before the cuttage, and cuttage is drenched with running water the previous day, washes out potassium permanganate.
4, select container for plant growth
Seedling bag adopts diameter 7cm, highly is the transparent plastic bag of 11cm.
5, plugged ear processing method
Cut the partial blade of plugged ear, only stay 1/2 of 2 leaves in top, use 400mgL -1ABT6 number (GGR) root-inducing powder soak plugged ear base portion 16h after, insert red heart soil.
6, cuttage management
Drench water immediately once after inserting, and the later stage is adopted intermittent spraying system full sun, keeps red heart soil moistening.To avoid high temperature and intense light irradiation simultaneously, draw sunshade net in the stronger period of sunlight at 4 o'clock in 10 o'clock~afternoon in the morning.
The place of growing seedlings is ventilated, requires simultaneously drainage good.Can spray 900 times the agricultural chemicals such as carbendazim, topsin in the time of necessary, in case the harm of the bacterium of curing the disease.
Embodiment 3
1, selects to gather the plugged ear elite stand
Select robust growth, without the plant of damage by disease and insect as scion-seed tree.
2, plugged ear is selected and the plugged ear shearing
Material therefor be 2 years living beech trees give birth to then the new rudiment of semi-lignified after semi-lignified terminal bud or lateral bud and 4 years livings beech are set stump, acquisition time is 3 ~ May, the Nanning, place.Diameter is 0.167cm.The beech tree cutting length of shearing is 8cm, keeps 7 buds on every stem cutting fringe, and cut mode is truncation.
3, the processing method of seedling medium
Adopt red heart soil as seedling medium, a few days carries out disinfection to red heart soil matrix matter with 0.5% potassium permanganate before the cuttage, and cuttage is drenched with running water the previous day, washes out potassium permanganate.
4, select container for plant growth
Seedling bag adopts diameter 7cm, highly is the transparent plastic bag of 11cm.
5, plugged ear processing method
Cut the partial blade of plugged ear, only stay 1/2 of 3 leaves in top, use 400mgL -1ABT6 number (GGR) root-inducing powder soak plugged ear base portion 16h after, insert red heart soil.
6, cuttage management
Drench water immediately once after inserting, and the later stage is adopted intermittent spraying system full sun, keeps red heart soil moistening.To avoid high temperature and intense light irradiation simultaneously, draw sunshade net in the stronger period of sunlight at 4 o'clock in 10 o'clock~afternoon in the morning.
The place of growing seedlings is ventilated, requires simultaneously drainage good.Can spray 1000 times the agricultural chemicals such as carbendazim, topsin in the time of necessary, in case the harm of the bacterium of curing the disease.

Claims (1)

1. beech are set the epicormic branch cuttage method, it is characterized in that the method may further comprise the steps:
1.1 the collection of plugged ear
Select robust growth, without the plant of damage by disease and insect as scion-seed tree, material therefor be 2 years living beech trees give birth to then the new rudiment of semi-lignified after semi-lignified terminal bud or lateral bud and 4 years livings beech are set stump, acquisition time is 3 ~ May, and the diameter scope is 0.066~0.167cm, average out to 0.101cm, beech tree cutting length is 4 ~ 8cm, keep 2 ~ 7 buds on every stem cutting fringe, cut mode is truncation
1.2 the processing of plugged ear
Adopt diameter 7cm, highly be the transparent plastic bag of 11cm as Seedling bag, employing red heart soil is as seedling medium, the front a few days of cuttage carries out disinfection to red heart soil matrix matter with 0.3~0.5% potassium permanganate, cuttage is drenched with running water the previous day, washes out potassium permanganate,
Cut the partial blade of plugged ear, only stay 1/2 of 1~3 leaf in top, use 400mgL -1ABT6 GGR root-inducing powder soak plugged ear base portion 16h after, insert red heart soil,
1.3 cuttage management
Drench water immediately once after inserting, later stage is adopted intermittent spraying system full sun, keep red heart soil moistening, to avoid high temperature and intense light irradiation simultaneously, draw sunshade net in the stronger period of sunlight, the place of growing seedlings is ventilated, requires simultaneously drainage good at 4 o'clock in 10 o'clock~afternoon in the morning, can spray 800~1000 times carbendazim, topsin agricultural chemicals in the time of necessary, in case the harm of the bacterium of curing the disease.
CN 201210530283 2012-12-11 2012-12-11 Tender branch cutting method for zelkova schneideriana Expired - Fee Related CN102960173B (en)

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Families Citing this family (11)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103404331A (en) * 2013-07-10 2013-11-27 江苏农景生态建设有限公司 Method for planting and maintaining zelkova schneideriana
CN104186164A (en) * 2014-08-28 2014-12-10 郎溪县凌笪乡永辰茶叶种植家庭农场 Method for cultivating zelkova schneideriana seedlings through cuttage
CN105191656A (en) * 2015-10-30 2015-12-30 于志伟 Zelkova serrata field cutting propagation method
CN106106075A (en) * 2016-06-23 2016-11-16 安徽鸿基农业科技发展有限公司 A kind of beech tree Technique on Cuttage Propagation
CN106305207A (en) * 2016-08-19 2017-01-11 江苏艺轩园林景观工程有限公司 Cutting propagation method for zelkova schneideriana
CN106472073A (en) * 2016-09-28 2017-03-08 合肥沁牧生态农业有限公司 A kind of cottage method of high mountain banyan
CN108012686A (en) * 2018-01-24 2018-05-11 莆田市生物工程研究所 A kind of dracontomelon duperreanum green tree species cuttage and seedling culture method
CN108651027A (en) * 2018-05-18 2018-10-16 广西壮族自治区林业科学研究院 The method of paper mulberry epicormic branch cuttage
CN108718743A (en) * 2018-06-14 2018-11-02 浙江省林业科学研究院 A kind of zelkova schneideriana spray full light fog hole tray cuttage and seedling culture method
CN110521414A (en) * 2019-09-24 2019-12-03 苏州大学 A kind of zelkova schneideriana electric seed bed heater hardwood cuttage method
CN114938741A (en) * 2022-05-18 2022-08-26 金埔园林股份有限公司 Efficient cutting method for 'Chongtian' beech

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