CN102701820A - Termitomyces albuminosus compost and cultivation method thereof - Google Patents

Termitomyces albuminosus compost and cultivation method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102701820A
CN102701820A CN2012101663154A CN201210166315A CN102701820A CN 102701820 A CN102701820 A CN 102701820A CN 2012101663154 A CN2012101663154 A CN 2012101663154A CN 201210166315 A CN201210166315 A CN 201210166315A CN 102701820 A CN102701820 A CN 102701820A
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China
Prior art keywords
termitomyces
compost
termitomyces albuminosus
culture
cultivating
Prior art date
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Pending
Application number
CN2012101663154A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
孙晓明
罗绪礼
吴亮亮
张锋伦
张卫明
吴素玲
罗威
谢维民
苗磊
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JIANGSU HONGFENG FRUIT VEGETABLE FOOD CO Ltd
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JIANGSU HONGFENG FRUIT VEGETABLE FOOD CO Ltd
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Priority to CN2012101663154A priority Critical patent/CN102701820A/en
Publication of CN102701820A publication Critical patent/CN102701820A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention discloses termitomyces albuminosus compost and a cultivation method thereof. The termitomyces albuminosus compost comprises the following raw materials by weight percent: 25-30% of cottonseed hull, 20-25% of sawdust, 23-28% of corncob, 1-2% of calcium carbonate, 15-18% of bran, 4-6% of soybean meal, 2-5% of corn powder and 0.5-2% of composite fertilizer, wherein the mixed material has water content within 60-65% and pH value within 6.5-8. As the temperature and humidity in a cultivation room are suitable for growth of the termitomyces albuminosus, the termitomyces albuminosus can be harvested after the termitomyces albuminosus is covered with soil for 20 days. Compared with the traditional greenhouse planting, the fruiting time of the termitomyces albuminosus compost is shortened for 10 days. As the nutrients in the compost are abundant, compared with the traditional plants, the termitomyces albuminosus compost is uniform in shape and much tender in taste, and the output of the termitomyces albuminosus compost is increased by more than 10%.

Description

Termitomyces culture material and cultivating method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to the fungus growing technique field, be specifically related to the culture material and the cultivating method thereof of termitomyces.
Background technology
Termitomyces albuminosus with black skin is a kind of of termitomyces, claims hen fir, water bird fir, Oudemansiella Radicata again.Its cap is smooth like the chicken plumage, bright sliding, delicate, as white as polished jade, the mouthfeel sweet-smelling uniqueness of bacterial context, and thalline is fresh and sweet good to eat.Termitomyces albuminosus with black skin is a kind of nutritious, and unique flavor, collection is edible, medicinal is the precious edible mushrooms of one, and Ancient Times in China is top grade with the bacterioflora that it classifies tribute as always.
Termitomyces albuminosus with black skin has adopted the seasonal cultivation of tradition always since domestication's plantation, output is unstable, annual collection period short (can only gather spring).Make this rich nutrition edible fungus, it is edible to supply with people for a long time, gives full play to its edible, pharmaceutical use.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem that the present invention will solve provides a kind of termitomyces culture material and cultivating method thereof, can be throughout the year for the human consumer provide termitomyces,
The present invention realizes through following technical scheme:
The termitomyces culture material, by following raw materials by weight percent through mixing: cotton seed hulls 25 ~ 30%, wood chip 20 ~ 25%, corn cob 23 ~ 28%, lime carbonate 1 ~ 2%, wheat bran 15 ~ 18%, dregs of beans 4 ~ 6%, Semen Maydis powder 2 ~ 5%, composite fertilizer 0.5 ~ 2%; Mixed material moisture is 60 ~ 65%, and pH is 6.5 ~ 8.
Method with above-mentioned termitomyces culture material cultivation termitomyces comprises the following steps:
(1) spice: by above-mentioned weight percent, raw material machinery is mixed thoroughly, wherein corn cob must soak and prewet in 12 hours in advance;
(2) pack: with packing machine or manual charging, in the bag culture material to compress tight, the high 17cm of every Bag Material, 1 kilogram of weight in wet base;
(3) sterilization, cooling: adopt steam sterilizing, temperature is controlled at 100 ℃ ~ 110 ℃, sterilization time 16 ~ 18 hours; Culture material after the sterilization is treated that its temperature is reduced to inoculate operation about 25 ℃ again;
(4) mycelium culture: the bacterium bag culture temperature that connects behind the bacterial classification is controlled at 20 ~ 25 ℃, and atmospheric moisture is controlled at 60 ~ 70%, is cultured to treat about 30 days that mycelia covers with the bacterium bag, and then mycelium culture finishes;
(5) earthing is cultivated: remove the plastic pocket of bacterium of step (4), 3 ~ 4cm is placed on the cultivating stand at interval, carries out earthing then, and overburden layer exceeds bacterium bag 5 ~ 8cm, and the cultivation room temp is controlled at 20 ℃ ~ 25 ℃.
As further improvement of the present invention, earthing soil is agranular sandy soil.
As further improvement of the present invention, the spacing of cultivating stand is more than 35cm centimetre up and down.
As further improvement of the present invention, scribble urethane on the interior walls of cultivating chamber successively, be pasted with extruded sheet, the circulation airduct is equipped with in the cultivating chamber.
Amino acid is formed and content in the termitomyces:
Amino acid Average content (mg/100g) Ratio (%)
Aspartic acid 2580.09 9.05
L-glutamic acid 3723.45 13.06
Serine 3106.35 10.89
Glycocoll 1341.29 4.70
Proline(Pro) 1103.51 3.87
L-Ala 1862.06 6.53
Tyrosine 1439.02 5.50
L-arginine * * 1406.03 4.93
Non-essential amino acid 16876.02 59.18
Histidine * * 2421.31 8.49
Threonine * 1988.90 6.98
Xie Ansuan * 1274.75 4.47
Methionine(Met) * 590.00 2.07
Halfcystine 314.22 1.10
Isoleucine * 1023,07 3.59
Leucine * 1904.82 6.68
Phenylalanine(Phe) * 1070.37 3.75
Methionin * 1365.13 4.79
Tryptophane * _ ?
Indispensable amino acid 11638.35 40.82
The amino acid total content 28514.37 ?
Annotate: 8 kinds of indispensable amino acids of " * " expression human body; " * * " expression baby indispensable amino acid;
" _ " expression does not detect
From last table can find out its aminoacids content higher be 28.51% because have 17 seed amino acids, A wide selection of colours and designs, wherein essential amino acids content accounts for total amino acid content 40.82%, in indispensable amino acid, leucine, Threonine and lysine content are all higher.Itself and non-essential amino acid ratio 0.63, the ideal protein pattern near FAO/WHO (1973) recommends helps absorption of human body, can be used as the fine protein source, and wherein the delicate flavour aminoacids content is higher, makes delicious flavour when termitomyces is edible.
Termitomyces mineral content detection index (adopting inductance coupled plasma principle emmission spectrum to detect):
Ca?292,?Fe69,?P0.34﹪,Na192,?Zn63.7,?k2.10﹪,Mg789,?Pb0.45,Cu9.43。
The present invention compared with prior art has following obvious advantage:
One, the present invention is owing to cultivate the growth of room temp, the suitable bacterium of humidity, and earthing can be gathered after 20 days, compared with traditional greenhouse gardening, had shortened 10 days fruiting phases.
Two, owing to nutritional factor in the culture material is comprehensive, than the tradition plantation, mushroom shape is neat, and mouthfeel is more tender and crisp, and mushroom output can improve more than 10%.
Three, owing to cultivate room temp, controlled humidity, therefore, can realize cultivation throughout the year, satisfy people's consumers demand according to market demand.
Embodiment
Embodiment 1
The termitomyces culture material, by following raw materials by weight percent through mixing: cotton seed hulls 26%, wood chip 23%, corn cob 24%, lime carbonate 1%, wheat bran 17%, dregs of beans 4%, Semen Maydis powder 4%, composite fertilizer 1%; Mixed material moisture is 60%, and pH is 7.
The method of cultivation termitomyces comprises the following steps:
(1) spice: by above-mentioned weight percent, raw material machinery is mixed thoroughly, wherein corn cob must soak and prewet in 12 hours in advance;
(2) pack: with packing machine or manual charging, in the bag culture material to compress tight, the high 17cm of every Bag Material, 1 kilogram of weight in wet base;
(3) sterilization, cooling: adopt steam sterilizing, temperature is controlled at 100 ℃ ~ 110 ℃, sterilization time 16 ~ 18 hours; Culture material after the sterilization is treated that its temperature is reduced to inoculate operation about 25 ℃ again;
(4) mycelium culture: the bacterium bag culture temperature that connects behind the bacterial classification is controlled at 20 ~ 25 ℃, and atmospheric moisture is controlled at 60 ~ 70%, is cultured to treat about 30 days that mycelia covers with the bacterium bag, and then mycelium culture finishes;
(5) earthing is cultivated: remove the plastic pocket of bacterium of step (4), 3 ~ 4cm is placed on the cultivating stand at interval, carries out earthing (earthing soil is agranular sandy soil) then, and overburden layer exceeds bacterium bag 5 ~ 8cm, and the cultivation room temp is controlled at 20 ℃ ~ 25 ℃.Scribble urethane on the interior walls of cultivating chamber successively, be pasted with extruded sheet, be equipped with the circulation airduct in the cultivating chamber.The spacing of cultivating stand is 45cm centimetre up and down.
Embodiment 2
Cotton seed hulls 27%, wood chip 22%, corn cob 25%, lime carbonate 2%, wheat bran 16%, dregs of beans 4%, Semen Maydis powder 3%, composite fertilizer 1%; Mixed material moisture is 65%, and pH is 8.All the other are implemented like embodiment 1.
Embodiment 3
Cotton seed hulls 28%, wood chip 20%, corn cob 25%, lime carbonate 1%, wheat bran 16%, dregs of beans 4%, Semen Maydis powder 4%, composite fertilizer 2%; Mixed material moisture is 62%, and pH is 6.5 ~ 8.All the other are implemented like embodiment 1.

Claims (5)

1. termitomyces culture material is characterized in that by following raw materials by weight percent through mixing: cotton seed hulls 25 ~ 30%, wood chip 20 ~ 25%, corn cob 23 ~ 28%, lime carbonate 1 ~ 2%, wheat bran 15 ~ 18%, dregs of beans 4 ~ 6%, Semen Maydis powder 2 ~ 5%, composite fertilizer 0.5 ~ 2%; Mixed material moisture is 60 ~ 65%, and pH is 6.5 ~ 8.
2. with the method for the described termitomyces culture material cultivation of claim 1 termitomyces, it is characterized in that comprising the following steps:
(1) spice: by the described weight percent of claim 1, raw material machinery is mixed thoroughly, wherein corn cob must soak and prewet in 12 hours in advance;
(2) pack: with packing machine or manual charging, in the bag culture material to compress tight, the high 17cm of every Bag Material, 1 kilogram of weight in wet base;
(3) sterilization, cooling: adopt steam sterilizing, temperature is controlled at 100 ℃ ~ 110 ℃, sterilization time 16 ~ 18 hours; Culture material after the sterilization is treated that its temperature is reduced to inoculate operation about 25 ℃ again;
(4) mycelium culture: the bacterium bag culture temperature that connects behind the bacterial classification is controlled at 20 ~ 25 ℃, and atmospheric moisture is controlled at 60 ~ 70%, is cultured to treat about 30 days that mycelia covers with the bacterium bag, and then mycelium culture finishes;
(5) earthing is cultivated: remove the plastic pocket of bacterium of step (4), 3 ~ 4cm is placed on the cultivating stand at interval, carries out earthing then, and overburden layer exceeds bacterium bag 5 ~ 8cm, and the cultivation room temp is controlled at 20 ℃ ~ 25 ℃.
3. the cultivating method of termitomyces as claimed in claim 2, it is characterized in that: earthing soil is agranular sandy soil.
4. the cultivating method of termitomyces as claimed in claim 2, it is characterized in that: the spacing of cultivating stand is more than 35cm centimetre up and down.
5. the cultivating method of termitomyces as claimed in claim 2 is characterized in that: scribble urethane on the interior walls of cultivating chamber successively, be pasted with extruded sheet, be equipped with the circulation airduct in the cultivating chamber.
CN2012101663154A 2012-05-27 2012-05-27 Termitomyces albuminosus compost and cultivation method thereof Pending CN102701820A (en)

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Cited By (15)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103172446A (en) * 2013-03-26 2013-06-26 浙江大学 Fluid nutrient medium for large-scale cultivation of termitomyces albuminosus mycelium and application thereof
CN104387138A (en) * 2014-11-25 2015-03-04 云南易门山里香食品有限责任公司 Production method of culture bag for termitomyces albuminosus planting and method for artificially planting termitomyces albuminosus
CN104744174A (en) * 2015-04-03 2015-07-01 贵州省亚热带作物研究所 Termite mushroom mother strain culture medium taking coix straws as raw material and preparation method of termite mushroom mother strain culture medium
CN104885788A (en) * 2015-06-19 2015-09-09 福建万亿店中店电子商务有限责任公司 Black skin termitomyces albuminosus mycelium culture method
CN105009935A (en) * 2015-06-26 2015-11-04 德阳市明润农业开发有限公司 Cultivation method for post nutrition material of morchella esculenta
CN105493885A (en) * 2015-11-24 2016-04-20 金乡县联盛菌业科技有限公司 Culture method of black termitomyces albuminosus
KR101629206B1 (en) * 2015-06-09 2016-06-10 농업회사법인(주)티엠파트너스 Termitomyces culture medium
KR101629207B1 (en) * 2015-06-24 2016-06-10 농업회사법인(주)티엠파트너스 Method for making the termitomyces culture medium
KR101634587B1 (en) * 2015-06-18 2016-06-29 농업회사법인(주)티엠파트너스 Cultivation method of termitomyces
CN106220318A (en) * 2016-07-20 2016-12-14 金珠满江农业有限公司 A kind of biogas residue makes black termitomyces culture medium and application thereof and preparation method
CN106852252A (en) * 2016-08-12 2017-06-16 金珠满江农业有限公司 A kind of black collybia albuminosa artificial bionic domestication and culture method
CN107258327A (en) * 2017-07-31 2017-10-20 安龙县农望种植农民专业合作社 A kind of cultural method of collybia albuminosa
CN107400018A (en) * 2017-09-18 2017-11-28 田林县群英农业有限公司 A kind of cultivation fertilizer of collybia albuminosa and preparation method thereof
CN109673379A (en) * 2017-09-29 2019-04-26 贵州棒棒食用菌产业有限公司 A kind of collybia albuminosa cultural method
CN111919660A (en) * 2020-08-11 2020-11-13 南京康之春生物科技有限公司 Cultivation method of termitomyces albuminosus

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101218876A (en) * 2007-12-26 2008-07-16 孙思国 Termitomyces albuminosus with black skin producing process
CN101822171A (en) * 2010-05-24 2010-09-08 云南省农业科学院 Artificially cultured black termitornyces albuminosus berk heim entity and culture method thereof

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101218876A (en) * 2007-12-26 2008-07-16 孙思国 Termitomyces albuminosus with black skin producing process
CN101822171A (en) * 2010-05-24 2010-09-08 云南省农业科学院 Artificially cultured black termitornyces albuminosus berk heim entity and culture method thereof

Cited By (16)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103172446B (en) * 2013-03-26 2014-06-18 浙江大学 Fluid nutrient medium for large-scale cultivation of termitomyces albuminosus mycelium and application thereof
CN103172446A (en) * 2013-03-26 2013-06-26 浙江大学 Fluid nutrient medium for large-scale cultivation of termitomyces albuminosus mycelium and application thereof
CN104387138A (en) * 2014-11-25 2015-03-04 云南易门山里香食品有限责任公司 Production method of culture bag for termitomyces albuminosus planting and method for artificially planting termitomyces albuminosus
CN104744174A (en) * 2015-04-03 2015-07-01 贵州省亚热带作物研究所 Termite mushroom mother strain culture medium taking coix straws as raw material and preparation method of termite mushroom mother strain culture medium
KR101629206B1 (en) * 2015-06-09 2016-06-10 농업회사법인(주)티엠파트너스 Termitomyces culture medium
KR101634587B1 (en) * 2015-06-18 2016-06-29 농업회사법인(주)티엠파트너스 Cultivation method of termitomyces
CN104885788A (en) * 2015-06-19 2015-09-09 福建万亿店中店电子商务有限责任公司 Black skin termitomyces albuminosus mycelium culture method
KR101629207B1 (en) * 2015-06-24 2016-06-10 농업회사법인(주)티엠파트너스 Method for making the termitomyces culture medium
CN105009935A (en) * 2015-06-26 2015-11-04 德阳市明润农业开发有限公司 Cultivation method for post nutrition material of morchella esculenta
CN105493885A (en) * 2015-11-24 2016-04-20 金乡县联盛菌业科技有限公司 Culture method of black termitomyces albuminosus
CN106220318A (en) * 2016-07-20 2016-12-14 金珠满江农业有限公司 A kind of biogas residue makes black termitomyces culture medium and application thereof and preparation method
CN106852252A (en) * 2016-08-12 2017-06-16 金珠满江农业有限公司 A kind of black collybia albuminosa artificial bionic domestication and culture method
CN107258327A (en) * 2017-07-31 2017-10-20 安龙县农望种植农民专业合作社 A kind of cultural method of collybia albuminosa
CN107400018A (en) * 2017-09-18 2017-11-28 田林县群英农业有限公司 A kind of cultivation fertilizer of collybia albuminosa and preparation method thereof
CN109673379A (en) * 2017-09-29 2019-04-26 贵州棒棒食用菌产业有限公司 A kind of collybia albuminosa cultural method
CN111919660A (en) * 2020-08-11 2020-11-13 南京康之春生物科技有限公司 Cultivation method of termitomyces albuminosus

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Application publication date: 20121003