Two, background technology
Building construction is one of mainstay industry of Chinese national economy, is for the mankind, to build the place of production, life.From man invented, at the platform of compacting, build yoke tree house, to Qin brick and Han tile, the mankind progressively tend to ripe to building construction technology.But the continuous progress along with development of human history, continuing to bring out of new constructional materials, building technology is also being constantly brought forth new ideas, the mankind start to stride forward to high structure, long span building, and the equipment such as the water supply and drainage of building construction, air conditioning, warm keeping, daylighting illumination, sound-insulating dust-proof, safety fire fighting are also updated, make people's the environment such as inhabitation, production, recreation increasingly comfortable.
Current, the method for building construction adopts two kinds of brick mix structure, frame constructions substantially.Brick mix structure refers to brick or the concrete block masonry for structural wall of vertical load-bearing in building, and the employing reinforced concrete structures such as post, beam, roof panel are made, and on the wall, the weight of floor conducts to basis by body of wall to prefabricated reinforced concrete floor overlap joint.Brick mix structure needs a large amount of brick or building block, and land resources waste is serious, and freight volume is large, long construction period, and complex process, in order to guarantee verticality, planeness, operating technology requires high, and thermal property is poor, and antiseismic ability is low, has not advocated now application.Frame construction refers to that in building, major bearing structures is made with steel concrete as wall, post, beam, roof panel etc., and non-bearing wall is filled with building block or other material; Cast-in-place concrete floor weight is conducted to post by beam, by post, is conducted to basis, and body of wall only plays to be separated and insulation effect, and exterior wall is plastered, and indoorly could live after fitting up by remodeling.Although the building method of this kind of building structure has shortened construction period, has saved land resources, improved antiseismic ability; But the steel concrete cast-in-site of the wall of load-bearing, post, beam, roof panel needs a large amount of timber to carry out supporting, after the timber dismounting of supporting, recycling rate is only 20% to 30% left and right, a large amount of timber are consumed, and a large amount of felling consumption of timber cause the waste of resource and the destruction of human ecological environment; Sound insulation, the effect of heat insulation of body of wall are poor, and the interior and exterior finishes in house also needs ornament materials and a considerable amount of labour cost of a large amount of timber, costliness, has improved building construction cost, has left disaster hidden-trouble.
Three, summary of the invention
In order to solve the deficiencies in the prior art, the object of this invention is to provide the integrated poured once-molding construction process of a kind of building construction, removed house from and again fitted up, improved sound insulation, effect of heat insulation is poor, has saved a large amount of timber, has protected human ecological environment.
The technical scheme that realizes object employing of the present invention is: according to construction drawing requirement, formulate construction requirement and the planning book of integrated poured one-shaping technique, prefab form module, the ground beam template of the good reinforced frame of colligation of supporting is fluid concrete then, solidify after reaching laying thereon after intensity, assembling reinforcement and steel mesh reinforcement and carry out formwork module supporting, press construction technical requirement and lay, configure concrete embedded part, power supply facilities illuminating line, water-feeding & drainaging pipeline, ventilation passage, heating facility etc., then carry out integrated poured.
Described prefab form module comprises prefabricated ground beam template, precast facade template, inner wall decoration formwork module, staircase formwork module, escalator formwork module; Outer wall template is by exterior wall decoration formwork module, window mouth decoration formwork module, and balcony, rain are taken balcony decoration formwork module, inner corner trim, external corner line decoration formwork module, beam, post decoration formwork module form; Inner wall decoration formwork module is by inner wall panel decoration formwork module, beam, post decoration formwork module, inner corner trim, external corner line decoration formwork module, parlor roof panel decoration formwork module, bedroom roof panel decoration formwork module, study roof panel decoration formwork module, dining room roof panel decoration formwork module, kitchen wallboard, roof panel decoration formwork module, washroom wallboard, roof panel decoration formwork module, skirting decoration formwork module forms; Staircase formwork module is by stair decoration formwork module, roof panel decoration formwork module, and ground decoration formwork module, inner corner trim, external corner line decoration formwork module, skirting formwork module forms; Escalator formwork module is by elevator doorway decoration formwork module, wallboard decoration formwork module, ground decoration formwork module, and inner corner trim, external corner line formwork module, skirting formwork module, roof panel decoration formwork module forms.
The material of described formwork module is comprised of waste or used plastics particle, flyash, sawdust and adhesive, and material is put into mould through extrusion modling after mixing, and the inner chamber of mould is made various shapes as required; Formwork module is by the vegetarian noodles formwork module without any plating and have the non-vegetarian noodles formwork module of ornamental plating to form.The plating of ornamental plating formwork module is realized by forming the mould of formwork module.According to people, the inside and outside decorative effect in house is required to have nothing in common with each other, each community is different, and each family is different, and compartment is different, and color and luster is different, respectively has feature, respectively gets the needs of inclination, and plating is must pattern various.Adopt the construction method of the decoration platings such as imitative coloured reason stone that formwork module prints, ornamental stone, decoration ceramic tile, make metope texture true to nature, do not fade, safety non-pollution, class be luxurious.House wall surface, by support template module one-time cast-forming, has been removed from and has been fitted up required expensive ornament materials and labour cost, has reduced building construction cost, has removed disaster hidden-trouble.
The described formwork module supporting concrete steps of carrying out are unwrapping wire on grade beam, successively side column, inner prop are carried out to supporting, inner, external wall template support, doors and windows template supporting, staircase delays platform template support, stair template supporting, Lift well mould slab supporting, rain is taken balcony slab supporting, and roof panel carries out arching, treats that beam column, rain being taken to balcony slab after the reinforcing bar of beam, post, reinforcing bar binding that rain is taken balcony slab carries out template support; Post is touched plate, wall is touched between plate and will be overlapped tightly, must strictly seal body of wall intermediate air layer, and lay steel mesh reinforcement in exterior wall when inner, external wall template support, comprehensively fixing with screw through walls; Beam forms and column template, wall form, rain are taken balcony template overlap joint and are wanted tight, the reinforcing bar that the reinforcing bar of beam, post, rain are taken balcony slab is connected firm with body of wall gauze wire cloth, while laying shuttering of root boarding, between template, must connect with fastening buckle, to prevent template play impact cast effect, the roof panel reinforcing bar of binding will be connected firmly with other reinforcing bar; To the house template support having completed, to carry out once careful safety inspection comprehensively, carry out again casting and constructing after errorless.
It is that the formwork module of roof panel is made into arching body that described roof panel carries out arching, props up guard housing form supporting by bar shaped; Its benefit is that it cancels each other the outward thrust of another arching body of a part of pressure and adjacent (another), so it can bear larger pressure, can also save a large amount of support bars, and arching has stability more simultaneously.
Described integrated poured the steps include: of carrying out first implemented pouring concrete to body of wall, coupled columns, beam carry out pouring concrete again, then to roof panel, rain take, balcony slab carries out pouring concrete, and stair are carried out to pouring concrete, and elevator shaft shear wall is carried out to filling concrete.
Before the inside and outside cement injection mortar of External Wall, first wall face template is sprayed and pours into a mould inside and outside metope cement mortar afterwards again with the colored cement mortar of particular modulation, use vibrator vibration tamp simultaneously; During exterior wall sand pulp casting and constructing, the construction of the cement mortar cast of metope in simultaneously starting.After also will be first before beam column, roof panel, rain are taken the pouring concrete of balcony slab spraying with the colored cement mortar of particular modulation, can carry out pouring concrete.To elevator shaft shear wall pouring concrete, must or pour into a mould early than beam column with the beam column while, be connected simultaneously and become integral body with beam column, roof panel.Spray coloured cement mortar and can make metope beautiful, avoid finishing.
Described body of wall intermediate air layer is surrounded by inside and outside combined wall board and packing bar, and certain thickness packing bar sealing is supported on the periphery place between inside and outside wallboard, and inside and outside wallboard is erect and is fixed on beam, then fluid concrete.The setting of body of wall intermediate air layer can realize wall self-insulation, has both saved expensive wall heat insulation material, and fire prevention, heat insulation, sound insulation, saved a large amount of heat insulating materials again.
Guarantee that high-quality completes integrated poured one-time formed key and is: the one, template selection is superior in quality, prefabricated superior rationally, point, face, line rib, angle texts are clearly clear.The 2nd, template support is firm, and construction technology is orderly, and constructional materials must meet national requirements.The 3rd, it is stable that wall cement mortar color and luster is allocated even science, do not occur changing and contrast, and texture true nature, decoration of exterior wall clear layer, aberration are clearly demarcated, mutually set off.The 4th, template ejection technique reaches a standard.The 5th, program, indispensable must be strictly adhered in the sealing of body of wall intermediate air layer, careful and responsible, meticulous.On the above-mentioned critical problem that these affect construction quality, must set up inspection system, fulfill one's duties.
The integrated poured once-molding construction process of building construction of the present invention, use prefabricated formwork module, in conjunction with arching mode, realize overall perfusion one-shot forming, make exterior wall gauze wire cloth and beam, post reinforcing bar is connected, Cement for walls mortar and beam column concrete are bordered, beam column top and roof panel are bordered on, make body of wall and beam, post, roof panel, balcony slab forms an integral body, master plate mould is once fitted up effect inside and outside having realized house, removed house fitment process again from, thereby reduced the complicated procedures of building construction, saved a large amount of timber, expensive ornament materials and a considerable amount of manpower expense, improved efficiency of construction, significantly reduced building construction cost, protected human ecological environment, realized the environmental protection of indoor and outdoor, to resident, brought easy dwelling environment, evaded and moved in resident because fitting up in every household, a large amount of hidden dangers such as fire of using flammable inflammable ornament materials and causing, also solved the difficult problem of fire supervision department to the bad management of finishing of resident resident family.Meanwhile, the set intermediate air layer of body of wall is in closed state, and isolated outside air, realizes wall self-insulation ability, has played sound insulation, effect of heat insulation.Therefore, apply the integrated poured one-time formed new Building technology of building construction and there is epoch-making milestone significance.