CN100588810C - Assembly building method for energy-saving reconstruction of existing building - Google Patents

Assembly building method for energy-saving reconstruction of existing building Download PDF

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Publication number
CN100588810C
CN100588810C CN200710169627A CN200710169627A CN100588810C CN 100588810 C CN100588810 C CN 100588810C CN 200710169627 A CN200710169627 A CN 200710169627A CN 200710169627 A CN200710169627 A CN 200710169627A CN 100588810 C CN100588810 C CN 100588810C
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layer
existing building
monolithic
board
wallboard
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CN101173567A (en
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樊立
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Beijing Taikong Panel Industry Corp.
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樊立
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Abstract

The invention relates to a fabricated construction method with construction energy-saving reformation, comprising: firstly, a steel structure connecting plate is additionally positioned on the top part of the original construction structure; a connected layer steel structure fixed to the steel structure connecting plate is positioned in order to connect with the original construction structure; anenergy-saving compound outer wallboard with foaming cement material, a partition panel, a folding floor slab, an energy-saving compound roof panel with foaming cement material are positioned, which are connected with the connected layer steel structure directly or by a plate material connector; a heat insulation and sealing material is filled in the gaps in and out of the board slots or between the board and the original construction structure, namely, the reformation of the energy-saving property of the original construction and the story-adding of the old building has been completed; secondly, a connecting plate of the wallboard and a strut member of the outer wallboard are additionally positioned outside the original construction structure; an energy-saving compound outer wallboard with foaming cement material is positioned outside the outer wall of the original construction, which is fixedly connected with the connector of the wallboard by the strut member of the wallboard; the heat insulation and sealing material is filled in the slots of the outer wallboard, namely, the reformation of energy-saving quality of the outer wall of the original construction has been completed.

Description

The assembling construction method of existing building reducing energy consumption
Technical field
The invention belongs to building field, be meant a kind of assembling construction method of existing building reducing energy consumption especially.
Background technology
The development of modern city is maked rapid progress, and new building emerges in an endless stream.Yet meanwhile, some years number old building has for a long time occurred all inharmonious in all many-sides and new city looks in the city.The general time of building of aging blocks is all more of a specified duration relatively, no matter is building types or architectural style, and comparing with present requirement all has suitable gap.And they are positioned at the prime location in city mostly, and peripheral ancillary facility is fairly perfect.Be accompanied by the variation of urban planning, the room rate in these locations is one tunnel height of leaping up especially, therefore describes that with an inch of land is an inch of gold the position of these aging blocks is not excessive.In addition, these old buildings do not reach the desired energy consumption index of the mandatory standard of new building basically yet.Thereby, the existing old building in these cities is packed, it " is taken on an entirely new look ", and make aging blocks second-rate originally and that price is lower again realize the interests maximization, this has become the new trend of following real estate development.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of assembling construction method of existing building reducing energy consumption, it not only can make Lao Lou " take on an entirely new look ", and can have energy-efficient, durable, sound insulation, comprehensive functional performance such as fire-resistant simultaneously.
Technical scheme of the present invention is:
A kind of assembling construction method of existing building reducing energy consumption, it comprises:
A), add the steel work junction plate in the existing building structural top; And be provided with and connect a layer steel work, and it fixes with the steel work junction plate, is connected with the existing building structure with realization; The energy-conservation composite roof board that setting has energy-saving composite outer wall board, partition board, the laminated floor slab of foam cement material and has the foam cement material, by the sheet material connector or directly with connect a layer steel work site assembly and be connected, and fill insulation, encapsulant in the slit between, plate inside and outside and the original building structure, the transformation that the energy-conservation and Lao Lou that has promptly finished existing building adds layer at plate seam;
B), add wallboard junction plate and side fascia support member in the existing building structure outside; In existing building exterior wall outside the energy-saving composite outer wall board with foam cement material is set, is connected and fixed by wall-panels supports part and wallboard connector; And in the side fascia seam, fill insulation, encapsulant, promptly finished the external wall energy-saving transformation of existing building.
A kind of assembling construction method of existing building reducing energy consumption, it comprises:
A), add the steel work junction plate, roofing flat-changed-into-sloping steel frame is set, and fixes, be connected with the existing building structure realizing with the steel work junction plate in the existing building structural top; Setting has the energy-conservation composite roof board of foam cement material, by the sheet material connector or directly be connected with steel frame, and fill insulation, encapsulant in the slit between, plate inside and outside and the original building structure at plate seam, promptly finished the transformation of the energy-conservation and flat-changed-into-sloping of existing building roofing;
B), add the wall-panels supports part in the existing building structure outside, in existing building exterior wall outside the energy-saving composite outer wall board with foam cement material is set, be connected with the wallboard connector by the wall-panels supports part, and in the side fascia seam, fill insulation, encapsulant, promptly finished the external wall energy-saving transformation of existing building.
A kind of assembling construction method of existing building reducing energy consumption, it comprises:
A), add the wallboard junction plate in the existing building structural top, and the energy-conservation composite roof board have energy-saving composite outer wall board, partition board, the laminated floor slab of foam cement material and have the foam cement material is set thereon, and energy-saving composite outer wall board, partition board and wallboard junction plate with foam cement material are fixed, and realize being connected with the existing building structure; Have energy-saving composite outer wall board, partition board, the laminated floor slab of foam cement material and have between the energy-conservation composite roof board of foam cement material fixingly, realize that the non-structure assembling adds layer upstairs; And fill in the slit between, plate inside and outside and the original building structure at plate seam insulation, encapsulant,, the transformation that the energy-conservation Lao Lou of roofing that has promptly finished existing building adds layer.
B), add the wall-panels supports part in the existing building structure outside, in existing building exterior wall outside the energy-saving composite outer wall board with foam cement material is set, be connected with the wallboard connector by the wall-panels supports part, and in the side fascia seam, fill insulation, encapsulant, promptly finished the external wall energy-saving transformation of existing building.
A kind of assembling construction method of existing building reducing energy consumption, it comprises:
Add energy-conservation composite roof board and side fascia support member in the existing building structural top and the outside with foam cement material, at existing building roofing and exterior wall outside energy-conservation composite roof board with foam cement material and the energy-saving composite outer wall board with foam cement material are set, be connected with roof panel, wallboard connector by the side fascia support member, and in the plate seam, fill insulation, encapsulant, promptly finished the reducing energy consumption of existing building.
Wherein, above reforming mode can use separately, also can be used in combination mutually.
Lao Lou is energy-conservation to add layer with Lao Lou or after the flat-changed-into-sloping transformation finishes, adopt identical, close or coordinated mode, finish the outer decoration of newly establishing exterior wall, roofing, promptly finished when existing building adds layer or flat-changed-into-sloping upstairs and also finished the existing building reducing energy consumption, and formed new architectural appearance style.
Wherein, described energy-saving composite outer wall board with foam cement material, it is made of several monolithic wallboards and heat insulating decorative board, the monolithic wallboard is fixed on the original building structure by connector, inlays packing matcrial in heat insulating decorative board or the slit between two monolithic wallboards is set between two adjacent monolithic wallboards.
Another kind has the energy-saving composite outer wall board of foam cement material, and it is made of several monolithic wallboards and heat insulating decorative board, and the monolithic wallboard clip is located between adjacent two beams or the post or is arranged on beam or post one side; And in its formed space, inlay heat insulating decorative board is set; Or packing matcrial in the slit between two monolithic wallboards; And itself and beam or post are connected and fixed.
Another kind has the energy-saving composite outer wall board of foam cement material, it is made of several monolithic wallboards, wallboard and between wallboard, being connected and fixed, formation has the continuous body of wall of weight capacity, inlays packing matcrial in heat insulating decorative board or the slit between two monolithic wallboards is set between two adjacent monolithic wallboards; And itself and wallboard junction plate, partition board, laminated floor slab and roof panel are fixed, and bear the stressed work of pillar in building structure.
Wherein, described monolithic side fascia, it comprises frame, protecting border, surface layer, heat preservation core layer and steel truss, it is characterized in that: the periphery at described monolithic wallboard is provided with frame or frame and frame connecting pieces and protecting border; In the monolithic wallboard, be provided with the mutual combination of difform steel truss or shaped steel or three-dimensional steel silk screen or steel truss, shaped steel, three-dimensional steel silk screen; Be provided with on the inside and outside surface of monolithic wallboard and have the surface layer of gauze wire cloth or have the surface layer of cracking resistance material or have the surface layer of certain elastomeric material; Or the surface layer of described multi-form combination; Be provided with the heat preservation core layer that constitutes by foam cement or light heat insulation material in the centre of described monolithic wallboard.
The skin of described heat insulating decorative board is the architectural surface that has the material of cracking resistance or have certain elastomeric material; Its internal layer is provided with the heat preservation core layer that is made of foam cement or light heat insulation material; And can in heat preservation core layer, be provided with difform steel truss or three-dimensional steel silk screen.
Wherein, described laminated floor slab, it comprises the monolithic floor more than 2, it is characterized in that: the monolithic floor be laid in the space that forms between the Liang Yuliang or on, and be connected and fixed with beam; And on the upper layer of several monolithic floors, be provided with the concrete leveling layer; The interior configurable reinforcing bar of concrete leveling layer or not configuration reinforcement as required; Leveling layer also can adopt plank or artificial board, or the combination of keel and plank or artificial board, plank or artificial board can be adopted in the floor bottom, or the compound mode of keel and plank or artificial board forms ceiling, it with several monolithic floors compound be the whole composite floor plate that forms.
Another kind of laminated floor slab, it comprises the monolithic floor more than 2, it is characterized in that: the monolithic floor is laid on side fascia, the partition board, and is connected and fixed with it; And on the upper layer of several monolithic floors, be provided with the concrete leveling layer; The interior configurable reinforcing bar of concrete leveling layer or not configuration reinforcement as required; Leveling layer also can adopt plank or artificial board, or the combination of keel and plank or artificial board, and it is the whole composite floor plate that forms with several monolithic floors are compound.
Wherein, described monolithic floor, it comprises frame, upper layer, following surface layer, heat preservation core layer and steel truss or shaped steel, it is characterized in that: be provided with frame at the edge of monolithic floor; Be provided with in its underpart and have the following surface layer of gauze wire cloth or be provided with material or have the following surface layer of certain elastomeric material with cracking resistance; Be provided with the heat preservation core layer that constitutes by foam cement or light heat insulation material in the middle of it; Be provided with at an upper portion thereof and have the upper layer of gauze wire cloth or be provided with material with cracking resistance or upper layer with certain flexible material; In the monolithic floor, be provided with difform steel truss or shaped steel, and its part exposes on the upper layer.
Wherein, described another kind of monolithic floor, it comprises frame, upper layer, following surface layer, heat preservation core layer and steel truss or shaped steel, it is characterized in that: the periphery at the monolithic floor is provided with frame; Be provided with in its underpart and have the following surface layer of gauze wire cloth or be provided with material or have the following surface layer of certain elastomeric material with cracking resistance; Be provided with the heat preservation core layer that constitutes by foam cement or light heat insulation material in the middle of it; Be provided with at an upper portion thereof and have the upper layer of gauze wire cloth or be provided with material with cracking resistance or upper layer with certain flexible material; In the monolithic floor, be provided with difform steel truss or shaped steel.
Wherein, described partition board, it is made of several monolithic wallboards, and wallboard and being connected and fixed between wallboard forms the continuous body of wall with weight capacity, packing matcrial, anticracking material in the slit between adjacent two monolithic wallboards; And itself and wallboard junction plate, side fascia, laminated floor slab and roof panel are fixed, and bear the stressed work of pillar in building structure.
Another kind of partition board, it is made of several monolithic wallboards, and the monolithic wallboard clip is located between adjacent two beams or the post or is arranged on a side of beam or post; And packing matcrial, anticracking material in the slit between two monolithic wallboards; And itself and beam or post are connected and fixed.
Described frame is a kind of frame that emboss pit is set, and it can select difformity according to different demands; Optional a kind of with in metal material, glass fiber reinforced plastic shapes, plastic material, timber or the concrete of described frame material.
Described protecting border, it can select difformity according to different demands; Described protecting border material can be selected a kind of in the following material for use, and it comprises: heat insulating material, timber, plastic material, Wood-plastic profiles, glass fiber reinforced plastic shapes, metal material, concrete and cement material.
Described foam cement material is: the mixture of sulphate aluminium cement or sulphate aluminium cement and portland cement; Or be other kind cement, or be the cement of primary raw material or in above-mentioned composition, add complex cement that a certain amount of tricalcium silicate forms again as cementitious material with dicalcium silicate, anhydrous calcium sulphoaluminate, calcium sulphate dihydrate, and add blowing agent, modifier, powdery solid discarded object, stir foaming and form.
Described foam cement, also available other class foam cement, foaming plaster, light heat insulation material and cementitious material mixture, foamed plastics, foam glass, cement and lightweight aggregate mixture or other organic-inorganic heat insulating material constitute; In described foam cement, also can add suitable fibrous material, or organic resin, to increase its toughness; Wherein, described fiber-like material can be selected macromolecular fibre, glass fiber, carbon fiber or cellulose for use.
Described light heat insulation material comprises: polystyrene foam plastics, Polyurethane foamed plastics, foam glass, cement and lightweight aggregate mixture or other organic-inorganic heat insulating material.
Described surface layer is selected a kind of of following material for use: cement, resin cement, modified cement, elastic cement goods or organic material.
Described anticracking material comprises: gauze wire cloth, fibrous material, fibrous material grid cloth, cellulose or organic resin; And the mutual combination of above-mentioned material.
Described encapsulant comprises: caulking materials such as heat insulating material and polymer cement mortar, silicone sealant.
Described steel truss is the material with reinforcing rib effect; It comprises: the mutual combination of steel truss, cold-rolled forming section, hot-rolled steel section, welding shaped steel, three-dimensional steel silk screen, three-dimensional steel mesh reinforcement and above-mentioned material, it is connected to become integral body with sandwich layer, surface layer, frame, and has the carrying effect.
The shape of described side fascia or partition board or laminated floor slab or roof panel comprises: gusset, flat board, curved surface, sphere and stick up body.
The following material of the optional usefulness of described surface material a kind of: cement, resin cement, modified cement, elastic cement goods or organic material.
Described surface layer can be made into different shape, for example: brickwork joint pattern, various pattern followed rock, corrugated shape shape, various moulding and other decorative pattern.Described surface layer can also make shades of colour or with the compound use of other shades of colour ornament materials, for example: surface layer uses coloured cement, brush that various building coatings, compound graining, aluminium sheet, aluminum plastic are decorated, glass fiber reinforced plastic is decorated, and ceramic tile, other metal species, plastics class ornament materials.
The described energy-conservation composite roof board that has energy-saving composite outer wall board, partition board, the laminated floor slab of foam cement material and have a foam cement material can be substituted by other lightweight fast-assembling sheet material.
The invention has the advantages that:
Short construction period of the present invention; The easy standardization of production and construction, industrialization; The present invention can improve the bulk strength of building, has not only strengthened the shock resistance of building, but also has the performance of load-bearing, fire prevention, waterproof, heat insulation, sound insulation; The present invention can install at the scene, and building and finishing are once finished, and has reduced the total cost of transforming the house; It not only makes improved building take on an entirely new look, but also has improved the quality of urban architecture, has also improved building floor area ratio simultaneously, has increased the dwelling house quantity delivered.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 1.
Fig. 2 is the cross-sectional view of A part among Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is the cross-sectional view at 2-2 place among Fig. 2.
Fig. 4 is the cross-sectional view of B part among Fig. 1.
Fig. 5 is the cross-sectional view at 1-1 place among Fig. 4.
Fig. 6 is the cross-sectional view that monolithic has the energy-saving composite outer wall board of foam cement material.
Fig. 7 is the cross-sectional view of monolithic heat insulating decorative board.
Fig. 8 is the cross-sectional view of monolithic floor.
Fig. 9 is the cross-sectional view of monolithic partition board.
Figure 10 is the cross-sectional view that monolithic has the energy-conservation composite roof board of foam cement material.
The specific embodiment
The invention will be further described below in conjunction with drawings and Examples.
Embodiment 1:
As shown in Figure 1, 2, existing building of the present invention is set up the assembling construction method that adds the layer and finish reducing energy consumption simultaneously, and it comprises: add steel work junction plate 91 at existing building structure 1 top; And be provided with and connect layer steel work 2, and it is fixing with steel work junction plate 91, is connected with the existing building structure with realization; Setting has energy-saving composite outer wall board 6, partition board 5, the laminated floor slab 4 of foam cement material and the energy-conservation composite roof board 3 with foam cement material, by the sheet material connector or directly with connect layer steel work 2 site assembly and be connected, and fill insulation, encapsulant in the slit between, plate inside and outside and the original building structure, the transformation that the energy-conservation and Lao Lou that has promptly finished existing building adds layer at plate seam.Add wallboard junction plate 92 and side fascia support member 10 in existing building structure 1 outside; In existing building exterior wall outside the energy-saving composite outer wall board 6 with foam cement material is set, is connected and fixed by wall-panels supports part 10 and wallboard connector 92; And in the side fascia seam, fill insulation, encapsulant, promptly finished the external wall energy-saving transformation of existing building.
As shown in Figure 2, the steel work junction plate 91 that is provided with on the top of the top of original building body of wall 7 collar tie beam 8, and fixedly connected with layer steel column 22 that connect in connecing layer steel work 2; Arranged outside wallboard at the top of original building body of wall 7 collar tie beam 8 connects steel plate 92; Establish energy-saving composite outer wall board 6 at the both sides folder that connects layer steel column 22 with foam cement material; And in energy-saving composite outer wall board 6 with foam cement material and collar tie beam 8 formed spaces, fill thermal-insulating sealing material 17; Arranged outside wallboard junction plate 92 at other collar tie beam 8 of original building body of wall 7; And it is fixedlyed connected with the energy-saving composite outer wall board 6 with foam cement material, to form body of wall outside the new energy-saving heat preserving in the original building exterior wall outside.
Wherein, describedly fixedly connectedly adopt warming plate support member 10, pressing plate 12 or multiple different fixedly connected modes such as bolt connector 13 and the built-in suspension member 14 of warming plate are set.
As shown in Figure 3, establish energy-saving composite outer wall board 6 at the both sides folder that connects layer steel column 22 with foam cement material; In its formed space, inlay heat insulating decorative board 15 is set; And be connected and fixed by fixed connecting piece 16;
Shown in Fig. 4,5, be the assembling construction method that the existing building external wall energy-saving is transformed, at the arranged outside wallboard junction plate 92 of the collar tie beam 8 of original building body of wall 7; And it is fixedlyed connected with the energy-saving composite outer wall board 6 with foam cement material, and inlays in side fascia 6 formed spaces heat insulating decorative board 15 is set, to form body of wall outside the new energy-saving heat preserving in the original building exterior wall outside.
Wherein, describedly fixedly connectedly adopt warming plate support member 10, pressing plate 12 or multiple different fixedly connected modes such as bolt connector 13 and the built-in suspension member 14 of warming plate are set.
Outer coversheet 20, foaming cement thermal insulation sandwich layer 23 and steel truss 251 constitute.Wherein, be provided with steel frame 18 and protecting border 19 at the edge of described monolithic side fascia 6; In monolithic side fascia 6, be provided with steel truss 251 and three-dimensional steel silk screen 21; Be provided with at the inner surface of monolithic side fascia 6 and have cracking resistance material internal surface layer 24; Be provided with the heat preservation core layer 23 that constitutes by foam cement in the middle of it; External surface at the monolithic wallboard is provided with the material outer coversheet 20 with cracking resistance.
As shown in Figure 7, monolithic heat insulating decorative board 15, its internal layer are provided with the heat preservation core layer 23 that is made of light heat insulation material; And in heat preservation core layer 23, be provided with steel truss 252 and three-dimensional steel silk screen 21; Its skin is the architectural surface 26 with cracking resistance.Wherein, described light heat insulation material is cement and lightweight aggregate mixture.
As shown in Figure 8, monolithic floor 4, it mainly is made of steel frame 18, upper layer 20, following surface layer 24, heat preservation core layer 23, steel truss 252, gauze wire cloth 28.Wherein, the periphery at monolithic floor 4 is provided with steel frame 18; Be provided with surface layer 24 and gauze wire cloth 28 down in its underpart, be provided with heat preservation core layer 23 in the middle of it; Be provided with upper layer 20 at an upper portion thereof; Be provided with steel truss 252 in the monolithic floor, its underpart is located at down in the surface layer 24, and its top exposes to upper layer 20; And steel truss 252 is connected to become integral body with steel frame 18, upper layer 20, following surface layer 24, gauze wire cloth 28 and heat preservation core layer 23, and has the carrying effect.
As shown in Figure 9, monolithic partition board 5, it mainly is made of steel frame 18, internal surface layer 24, outer coversheet 20, foaming cement thermal insulation sandwich layer 23 and steel truss 251.Wherein, be provided with steel frame 18 at the edge of described monolithic partition board; In the monolithic wallboard, be provided with steel truss 251 and three-dimensional steel silk screen 21; Be provided with at the inner surface of monolithic wallboard and have cracking resistance material internal surface layer 24; Be provided with the heat preservation core layer 23 that constitutes by foam cement in the middle of it; External surface at the monolithic partition board is provided with the material outer coversheet 20 with cracking resistance.
As shown in figure 10, monolithic roof panel 3, it mainly by steel frame 18, protecting border 19, internal surface layer 24,
As shown in figure 10, monolithic roof panel 3, it mainly is made of steel frame 18, protecting border 19, internal surface layer 24, outer coversheet 20, foaming cement thermal insulation sandwich layer 23 and steel truss 251.Wherein, be provided with steel frame 18 and protecting border 19 at the edge of described monolithic roof panel; In the monolithic roof panel, be provided with steel truss 251 and three-dimensional steel silk screen 21; Be provided with at the inner surface of monolithic roof panel and have cracking resistance material internal surface layer 24; Be provided with the heat preservation core layer 23 that constitutes by foam cement in the middle of it; External surface at the monolithic roof panel is provided with the material outer coversheet 20 with cracking resistance.
Wherein, described anticracking material is a gauze wire cloth.
Embodiment 2:
Existing building flat-changed-into-sloping of the present invention is also finished the assembling construction method of reducing energy consumption simultaneously, it comprises: add steel work junction plate 91 at existing building structure 1 top, roofing flat-changed-into-sloping steel frame is set, and fixing with steel work junction plate 91, realize being connected with the existing building structure; Setting has the energy-conservation composite roof board 3 of foam cement material, by the sheet material connector or directly be connected with steel frame, and fill insulation, encapsulant in the slit between, plate inside and outside and the original building structure at plate seam, promptly finished the transformation of the energy-conservation and flat-changed-into-sloping of existing building roofing.Add wallboard junction plate 92 and side fascia support member 10 in the existing building structure outside; In existing building exterior wall outside the energy-saving composite outer wall board 6 with foam cement material is set, is connected and fixed by wall-panels supports part 10 and wallboard connector; And in the side fascia seam, fill insulation, encapsulant, promptly finished the external wall energy-saving transformation of existing building.
Embodiment 3:
Existing building of the present invention is set up the assembling construction method that adds the layer and finish reducing energy consumption simultaneously, it comprises: add wallboard junction plate 92 in the existing building structural top, and setting has energy-saving composite outer wall board 6, partition board 5, the laminated floor slab 4 of foam cement material and the energy-conservation composite roof board 3 with foam cement material thereon, and compound external wall panel 6, partition board 5 are fixed with wallboard junction plate 92, are connected with the existing building structure with realization; Compound external wall panel 6, partition board 5, laminated floor slab 4 and having between the energy-conservation composite roof board 3 of foam cement material is connected and fixed, and realizes that the non-structure assembling adds layer upstairs; And fill insulation, encapsulant, roof waterproof in the slit between, plate inside and outside and the original building structure, the transformation that the energy-conservation Lao Lou of roofing that has promptly finished existing building adds layer at plate seam.Add wallboard junction plate 92 and side fascia support member 10 in the existing building structure outside; In existing building exterior wall outside the energy-saving composite outer wall board 6 with foam cement material is set, is connected and fixed by wall-panels supports part and wallboard connector; And in the side fascia seam, fill insulation, encapsulant, promptly finished the external wall energy-saving transformation of existing building.
Embodiment 4:
The assembling construction method of existing building reducing energy consumption of the present invention, it comprises: add energy-conservation composite roof board and the wallboard junction plate 92 and side fascia support member 10 with foam cement material at existing building structure 1 top and the outside, at existing building roofing and exterior wall outside energy-conservation composite roof board 3 with foam cement material and the energy-saving composite outer wall board 6 with foam cement material are set, are connected and fixed by side fascia support member 10 and energy-conservation composite roof board 3, wallboard connector with foam cement material; And in the plate seam, fill insulation, encapsulant, promptly finished the reducing energy consumption of existing building.
Technical characterictics such as the side fascia described in the embodiment of the invention 2-4, heat insulating decorative board, partition board, roof panel, laminated floor slab are identical with embodiment 1, so do not repeat them here.

Claims (27)

1, a kind of assembling construction method of existing building reducing energy consumption, it is characterized in that: it comprises:
A), add the steel work junction plate in the existing building structural top; And be provided with and connect a layer steel work, and it fixes with the steel work junction plate, is connected with the existing building structure with realization; The energy-conservation composite roof board that setting has energy-saving composite outer wall board, partition board, the laminated floor slab of foam cement material and has the foam cement material, by the sheet material connector or directly with connect a layer steel work site assembly and be connected, and fill insulation, encapsulant in the slit between, plate inside and outside and the original building structure, the transformation that the energy-conservation and Lao Lou that has promptly finished existing building adds layer at plate seam;
B), add wallboard junction plate and side fascia support member in the existing building structure outside; In existing building exterior wall outside the energy-saving composite outer wall board with foam cement material is set, is connected and fixed by side fascia support member and wallboard connector; And in the side fascia seam, fill insulation, encapsulant, promptly finished the external wall energy-saving transformation of existing building.
2, a kind of assembling construction method of existing building reducing energy consumption, it is characterized in that: it comprises:
A), add the steel work junction plate, roofing flat-changed-into-sloping steel frame is set, and fixes, be connected with the existing building structure realizing with the steel work junction plate in the existing building structural top; Setting has the energy-conservation composite roof board of foam cement material, by the sheet material connector or directly be connected with steel frame, and fill insulation, encapsulant in the slit between, plate inside and outside and the original building structure at plate seam, promptly finished the transformation of the energy-conservation and flat-changed-into-sloping of existing building roofing;
B), add the wall-panels supports part in the existing building structure outside, in existing building exterior wall outside the energy-saving composite outer wall board with foam cement material is set, be connected with the wallboard connector by the wall-panels supports part, and in the side fascia seam, fill insulation, encapsulant, promptly finished the external wall energy-saving transformation of existing building.
3, a kind of assembling construction method of existing building reducing energy consumption, it is characterized in that: it comprises:
A), add the wallboard junction plate in the existing building structural top, and setting thereon has energy-saving composite outer wall board, partition board, laminated floor slab and the roof panel of foam cement material, and energy-saving composite outer wall board, partition board and wallboard junction plate with foam cement material are fixed, and realize being connected with the existing building structure; Have energy-saving composite outer wall board, partition board, the laminated floor slab of foam cement material and have between the energy-conservation composite roof board of foam cement material and be connected and fixed, realize that the non-structure assembling adds layer upstairs; And fill insulation, encapsulant in the slit between, plate inside and outside and the original building structure, the transformation that the energy-conservation Lao Lou of roofing that has promptly finished existing building adds layer at plate seam;
B), add the wall-panels supports part in the existing building structure outside, in existing building exterior wall outside the energy-saving composite outer wall board with foam cement material is set, be connected with the wallboard connector by the wall-panels supports part, and in the side fascia seam, fill insulation, encapsulant, promptly finished the external wall energy-saving transformation of existing building.
4, a kind of assembling construction method of existing building reducing energy consumption, it is characterized in that: it comprises:
Add energy-conservation composite roof board and side fascia support member in the existing building structural top and the outside with foam cement material, at existing building roofing and exterior wall outside energy-conservation composite roof board with foam cement material and the energy-saving composite outer wall board with foam cement material are set, be connected with roof panel, wallboard connector by the side fascia support member, and in the plate seam, fill insulation, encapsulant, promptly finished the reducing energy consumption of existing building.
5, according to the assembling construction method of the described existing building reducing energy consumption of one of claim 1 to 4, it is characterized in that: described energy-saving composite outer wall board with foam cement material, it is made of several monolithic wallboards and heat insulating decorative board, the monolithic wallboard is fixed on the original building structure by connector, inlays packing matcrial in heat insulating decorative board or the slit between two monolithic wallboards is set between two adjacent monolithic wallboards.
6, according to the assembling construction method of the described existing building reducing energy consumption of one of claim 1 to 4, it is characterized in that: described energy-saving composite outer wall board with foam cement material, it is made of several monolithic wallboards and heat insulating decorative board, and the monolithic wallboard clip is located between adjacent two beams or the post or is arranged on beam or post one side; And be located to inlay in the formed space between adjacent two beams or the post at this wallboard clip heat insulating decorative board is set; Or packing matcrial in the slit between two monolithic wallboards; And this wallboard and beam or post are connected and fixed.
7, according to the assembling construction method of the described existing building reducing energy consumption of one of claim 1 to 4, it is characterized in that: described energy-saving composite outer wall board with foam cement material, it is made of several monolithic wallboards, be connected and fixed between wallboard and the wallboard, formation has the continuous body of wall of weight capacity, inlays packing matcrial in heat insulating decorative board or the slit between two monolithic wallboards is set between two adjacent monolithic wallboards; And itself and wallboard junction plate, partition board, laminated floor slab and roof panel are fixed, and bear the stressed work of pillar in building structure.
8, according to the assembling construction method of the described existing building reducing energy consumption of one of claim 1 to 4, it is characterized in that: described energy-saving composite outer wall board is made up of some monolithic side fascias; The monolithic side fascia, it comprises frame, protecting border, surface layer, heat preservation core layer and steel truss, is provided with frame or frame and frame connecting pieces and protecting border at the periphery of described monolithic wallboard; In the monolithic wallboard, be provided with the mutual combination of difform steel truss or shaped steel or three-dimensional steel silk screen or steel truss, shaped steel, three-dimensional steel silk screen; Be provided with on the inside and outside surface of monolithic wallboard and have the surface layer of gauze wire cloth or have the surface layer of cracking resistance material or have the surface layer of certain elastomeric material; Or the surface layer of described multi-form combination; Be provided with the heat preservation core layer that constitutes by foam cement or light heat insulation material in the centre of described monolithic wallboard.
9, according to the assembling construction method of the described existing building reducing energy consumption of one of claim 1 to 4, it is characterized in that: described foam cement material is: the mixture of sulphate aluminium cement or sulphate aluminium cement and portland cement; Or be the cement of primary raw material or in above-mentioned composition, add the complex cement that a certain amount of tricalcium silicate forms again with dicalcium silicate, anhydrous calcium sulphoaluminate, calcium sulphate dihydrate, or be that other kind cement is as cementitious material, and add blowing agent and modifier and powdery solid discarded object, stir foaming and form.
10, according to the assembling construction method of the described existing building reducing energy consumption of one of claim 1 to 4, it is characterized in that: described foam cement material, also available other class foam cement; Or replace: foaming plaster, light heat insulation material and cementitious material mixture, foamed plastics, foam glass, cement and lightweight aggregate mixture or other organic-inorganic heat insulating material with one of following material.
11, according to the assembling construction method of the described existing building reducing energy consumption of one of claim 1 to 4, it is characterized in that: in the described foam cement material, add suitable fibrous material, or organic resin, to increase its toughness; Described fibrous material is macromolecular fibre or glass fiber or carbon fiber or cellulose.
12, according to the assembling construction method of the described existing building reducing energy consumption of one of claim 1 to 4, it is characterized in that: described encapsulant comprises: heat insulating material and polymer cement mortar and silicone sealant caulking material.
13, according to the assembling construction method of claim 1 or 3 described existing building reducing energy consumptions, it is characterized in that: described laminated floor slab, it comprises the monolithic floor more than 2; The monolithic floor be laid in the space that forms between the Liang Yuliang or on, and be connected and fixed with beam; And on the upper layer of several monolithic floors, be provided with the concrete leveling layer; The interior configurable reinforcing bar of concrete leveling layer or not configuration reinforcement as required; Leveling layer also can adopt plank or artificial board, or the combination of keel and plank or artificial board, plank or artificial board can be adopted in the floor bottom, or the compound mode of keel and plank or artificial board forms ceiling, it with several monolithic floors compound be the whole composite floor plate that forms.
14, according to the assembling construction method of claim 1 or 3 described existing building reducing energy consumptions, it is characterized in that: described laminated floor slab, it comprises the monolithic floor more than 2; The monolithic floor is laid on side fascia, the partition board, and is connected and fixed with it; And on the upper layer of several monolithic floors, be provided with the concrete leveling layer; The interior configurable reinforcing bar of concrete leveling layer or not configuration reinforcement as required; Leveling layer also can adopt plank or artificial board, or the combination of keel and plank or artificial board, and it is the whole composite floor plate that forms with several monolithic floors are compound.
15, according to claim 1 or 3 described assembling construction method, it is characterized in that: described partition board, it is characterized in that: it is made of several monolithic wallboards, be connected and fixed between wallboard and the wallboard, formation has the continuous body of wall of weight capacity, packing matcrial and anticracking material in the slit between adjacent two monolithic wallboards; And itself and wallboard junction plate, side fascia, laminated floor slab and roof panel are fixed.
16, according to claim 1 or 3 described assembling construction method, it is characterized in that: described partition board is characterized in that: it is made of several monolithic wallboards, and the monolithic wallboard clip is located between adjacent two beams or the post or is arranged on a side of beam or post; And packing matcrial and anticracking material in the slit between two monolithic wallboards; And itself and beam or post are connected and fixed.
17, according to the assembling construction method of claim 1 or 3 described existing building reducing energy consumptions, it is characterized in that: the shape of described side fascia or partition board or laminated floor slab or roof panel comprises: gusset, flat board, curved surface, sphere and stick up body.
18, according to the assembling construction method of claim 5 or 6 described existing building reducing energy consumptions, it is characterized in that: the skin of described heat insulating decorative board is the architectural surface that has the material of cracking resistance or have certain elastomeric material; Its internal layer is provided with the heat preservation core layer that is made of foam cement or light heat insulation material; And can in heat preservation core layer, be provided with difform steel truss or three-dimensional steel silk screen.
19, assembling construction method according to claim 8 is characterized in that: described frame is a kind of frame that emboss pit is set, and it can select difformity according to different demands; Optional a kind of with in metal material, glass fiber reinforced plastic shapes, plastic material, timber or the concrete of described frame material.
20, assembling construction method according to claim 8 is characterized in that: described protecting border, and it can select difformity according to different demands; Described protecting border material can be selected a kind of in the following material for use: heat insulating material, timber, plastic material, Wood-plastic profiles, glass fiber reinforced plastic shapes, metal material, concrete, cement material.
21, the assembling construction method of existing building reducing energy consumption according to claim 8, it is characterized in that: described light heat insulation material comprises: polystyrene foam plastics or Polyurethane foamed plastics or foam glass or cement and lightweight aggregate mixture or other organic-inorganic heat insulating material.
22, the assembling construction method of existing building reducing energy consumption according to claim 8, it is characterized in that: described surface layer is selected a kind of of following material for use: cement, resin cement, modified cement, elastic cement goods, organic material.
23, the assembling construction method of existing building reducing energy consumption according to claim 8, it is characterized in that: described surface layer be made into different shapes or different color or with the compound use of ornament materials, it comprises: surface layer uses coloured cement, brushes various building coatings, compound graining, aluminium sheet, aluminum plastic decoration, glass fiber reinforced plastic decoration, ceramic tile, metal, decorative plastic material.
24, the assembling construction method of existing building reducing energy consumption according to claim 8, it is characterized in that: described anticracking material comprises: gauze wire cloth, fibrous material, fibrous material grid cloth, cellulose or organic resin; And the mutual combination of above-mentioned material.
25, according to claim 13 or 14 described assembling construction method, it is characterized in that: described monolithic floor, it comprises frame, upper layer, following surface layer, heat preservation core layer and steel truss or shaped steel, it is characterized in that: be provided with frame at the edge of monolithic floor; Be provided with in its underpart and have the following surface layer of gauze wire cloth or be provided with material or have the following surface layer of certain elastomeric material with cracking resistance; Be provided with the heat preservation core layer that constitutes by foam cement or light heat insulation material in the middle of it; Be provided with at an upper portion thereof and have the upper layer of gauze wire cloth or be provided with material with cracking resistance or upper layer with certain flexible material; In the monolithic floor, be provided with difform steel truss or shaped steel, and its part exposes on the upper layer.
26, according to claim 13 or 14 described assembling construction method, it is characterized in that: described monolithic floor, it comprises frame, upper layer, following surface layer, heat preservation core layer and steel truss or shaped steel; Periphery at the monolithic floor is provided with frame; Be provided with in its underpart and have the following surface layer of gauze wire cloth or be provided with material or have the following surface layer of certain elastomeric material with cracking resistance; Be provided with the heat preservation core layer that constitutes by foam cement or light heat insulation material in the middle of it; Be provided with at an upper portion thereof and have the upper layer of gauze wire cloth or be provided with material with cracking resistance or upper layer with certain flexible material; In the monolithic floor, be provided with difform steel truss or shaped steel.
27, according to Claim 8 the assembling construction method of one of 25,26 described existing building reducing energy consumptions,, it is characterized in that: described steel truss or shaped steel or three-dimensional steel silk screen, or the mutual combination of steel truss, shaped steel, three-dimensional steel silk screen or three-dimensional steel mesh reinforcement is the material with reinforcing rib effect; Described shaped steel comprises: cold-rolled forming section, hot-rolled steel section, welding shaped steel; Above-mentioned material with reinforcing rib effect is connected to become integral body with sandwich layer, surface layer, frame, and has the carrying effect.
CN200710169627A 2006-11-06 2007-11-06 Assembly building method for energy-saving reconstruction of existing building Active CN100588810C (en)

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CN103089024A (en) * 2013-02-05 2013-05-08 中国十七冶集团有限公司 Glass reinforced plastics roof framework device
CN103470065B (en) * 2013-09-05 2016-02-10 邯郸市第二建筑安装有限公司天津分公司 A kind of steel pipe truss connector and attaching method thereof
CN104652604A (en) * 2015-01-12 2015-05-27 樊志 Assembly type green building system and construction method
CN109210367B (en) * 2018-08-07 2021-09-21 华南理工大学 Pressure-resistant sealing material and method for gas storage
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