CN1936208A - Bound-type composite heat-insulation wall with support body - Google Patents

Bound-type composite heat-insulation wall with support body Download PDF

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Publication number
CN1936208A
CN1936208A CNA2006101532896A CN200610153289A CN1936208A CN 1936208 A CN1936208 A CN 1936208A CN A2006101532896 A CNA2006101532896 A CN A2006101532896A CN 200610153289 A CN200610153289 A CN 200610153289A CN 1936208 A CN1936208 A CN 1936208A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
concrete
steel
window
outside
support
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CNA2006101532896A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN100464043C (en
Inventor
吴淑环
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吴淑环
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Priority to CN200610009862.6 priority Critical
Priority to CN 200610009862 priority patent/CN1827937A/en
Application filed by 吴淑环 filed Critical 吴淑环
Priority to CNB2006101532896A priority patent/CN100464043C/en
Publication of CN1936208A publication Critical patent/CN1936208A/en
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Publication of CN100464043C publication Critical patent/CN100464043C/en

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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/62Insulation or other protection; Elements or use of specified material therefor
    • E04B1/74Heat, sound or noise insulation, absorption, or reflection . Other building methods affording favourable thermal or acoustical conditions, e.g. accumulating of heat within walls
    • E04B1/76Heat, sound or noise insulation, absorption, or reflection . Other building methods affording favourable thermal or acoustical conditions, e.g. accumulating of heat within walls specifically with respect to heat only
    • E04B1/762Exterior insulation of exterior walls
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/62Insulation or other protection; Elements or use of specified material therefor
    • E04B1/74Heat, sound or noise insulation, absorption, or reflection . Other building methods affording favourable thermal or acoustical conditions, e.g. accumulating of heat within walls
    • E04B1/76Heat, sound or noise insulation, absorption, or reflection . Other building methods affording favourable thermal or acoustical conditions, e.g. accumulating of heat within walls specifically with respect to heat only
    • E04B1/762Exterior insulation of exterior walls
    • E04B1/7629Details of the mechanical connection of the insulation to the wall
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F13/00Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings
    • E04F13/02Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings of plastic materials hardening after applying, e.g. plaster
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F13/00Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings
    • E04F13/02Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings of plastic materials hardening after applying, e.g. plaster
    • E04F13/04Bases for plaster
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F13/00Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings
    • E04F13/02Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings of plastic materials hardening after applying, e.g. plaster
    • E04F13/04Bases for plaster
    • E04F13/045Means for fastening plaster-bases to a supporting structure
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16BDEVICES FOR FASTENING OR SECURING CONSTRUCTIONAL ELEMENTS OR MACHINE PARTS TOGETHER, e.g. NAILS, BOLTS, CIRCLIPS, CLAMPS, CLIPS, WEDGES, JOINTS OR JOINTING
    • F16B13/00Dowels or other devices fastened in walls or the like by inserting them in holes made therein for that purpose

Abstract

The invention relates to binding composite heat preservation wall with supporting. The inner end of concrete overhanging girder supporting is fixed in the concrete component or substrate wall of the main construction of the building. And the external end is fixed to vertical reinforcement in the external protection layer. The external side of the substrate wall is insulating layer, and vertical reinforcements are set outside the insulating layer. Metal net is set inside or outside the vertical reinforcements. External protecting layer of cement mortar or pisolite concrete is set outside the insulating layer. The invention has the advantages of save, endurable, good heat preservation and fireproofing ability.

Description

The binding composite heat preservation wall that support is arranged
Technical field
The present invention relates to the outer composite thermal-insulating wall of building.
Background technology
World energy sources is more and more nervous, and building energy conservation is the important topic of human social, and the wall thermal insulating power-saving technology is its important ring in building energy conservation.There are the following problems for existing various wall thermal insulation technologies:
One, solve the contradictory problems of safety and insulation from the angle of optimizing, i.e. the wall thermal insulating that safety is good is just bad, and the body of wall safety of good heat insulation is just bad, shows structurally dangerous or quality control on construction is difficult to and prevents fires dangerous.The use steel anchor that has is fastened with the basic unit body of wall and is connected, but this connection is too simple, be difficult to adapt to the requirement that wall face bears bigger horizontal blast and big horizontal earthquake action, invar system crab-bolt rigidity is too little when thicker insulation layer and the thick and heavy decoration of wall face, be difficult to satisfy safety requirements, more be difficult to and various masonries such as brickwork and the reliable anchoring of lightweight filling masonry.Its reason mainly is to solve being connected of insulation layer and body of wall from material, and have no backing means of structure or means of structure are simple.As using the outer heat preservation technology of more EPS plate thin plastering in heating area, good heat insulation, but it is bad to prevent fires, and can not satisfy the requirement of exterior wall bonded floor surface decoration, because of bonding adhesive Market competition, Engineering Quality Control difficulty bigger.
Two, other wall thermal insulation technology except that the EPS plate thin plastering all exists a large amount of heat bridges all: be technology such as the abdomen silk penetrating type steel wire net rack benzene plate that is mingled with heat insulating material in non-energy-conservation material, the steel that penetrate the benzene plate reach 7.4cm 2/ m 2, it is many to increase heat transfer; Also as insulation blocks, exist along the heat bridge of each layer of building border concrete Guttr board and the heat bridge of window periphery, for example by energy-conservation 50% requirement in Harbin City, at the exterior wall of 3 meters floor heights, 3 meters standard widths of a room in an old-style house, window-wall ratios 0.3, the thickness of slab 8~12cm that cornices, Guttr board increases wall heat transfer coefficient 0.09~0.15w/m 2.k.When interior insulation, especially each standard width of a room in an old-style house all has thickness to reach the building of the antidetonation cross wall of 240mm or 370mm, and the wall heat transfer coefficient that its heat bridge increases reaches 0.3~0.6w/m 2.k, add the Guttr board heat bridge, always increase wall heat transfer coefficient and reach 0.4~0.75w/m 2.k.In the sandwich heat preservation technology between the siphonal lobe masonry because reinforcing bar sockets, and insulation benzene plate is installed and is difficult for closely influence insulation, and the distance that sockets with interior siphonal lobe masonry and socket the different increase of masonry thickness thermal transmittance difference and add the Guttr board heat bridge, the increase heat transfer is also very big.Insulation blocks body of wall and sandwich heat preservation also exist window periphery heat bridge to increase the additional thermal transmittance 0.6~0.8w/m of window approximately 2.k, and the plastic-steel window by thermal transmittance 2.5w/m 2.k be reduced to 2.0w/m 2.k, increase 80 yuan every square metre approximately of investments, it is more that the bridge cut-off aluminum window reduces the investment of thermal transmittance increase, and the thermal transmittance of window is by 2.5w/m 2.k be reduced to 1.6w/m 2.k need with Loe glass and fill inert gas, increase every square metre about 150~200 yuan of investments.More than analyze building border, visible edge Guttr board, internal partition wall and window periphery heat bridge to conducting heat, influencing big to investment, and there is the heat bridge of self in a lot of building blocks, these factors are big to the building energy conservation influence, cost is high, can not reach the body of wall low heat transfer coefficient, especially the wall heat transfer coefficient requirement is low more big more to cost and thickness of wall body influence, to such an extent as to these wall thermal insulation technologies are not in the cards when requiring to build low-energy building.High-grade in addition the decoration as granite curtain wall decoration and energy-saving design in construction disconnects, and the shaped steel that is connected with agent structure is intensive, increases a large amount of heat transfers.
Three, also exist in the heating area external protection with cement mortar thickly plaster, when bonded floor surface is decorated; may not satisfy the requirement that " code for thermal design of civil buildings " makes moist and check about the space enclosing structure internal condensation; the insulation layer moisture content surpasses the standard allowed band, influences the heat insulation system durable years, influences heat insulation effect.Calculate proof, when 20~23 degrees centigrade of room temperatures, in the masonry structure exterior wall of indoor relative humidity 40~60%, energy-conservation 50% building uses EPS plate insulation layer moisture content can reach 5~15%, when EPS plate moisture content reaches 5%, 10%, 15%, consult its thermal resistance of relevant test data and reduce by 10%, 24%, 38% respectively, greatly influence heat insulation effect.
Four, at present except that the wall thermal insulation technology the EPS plate thin plastering insulation, as steel wire net rack polystyrene board heat-insulatation, insulation blocks insulation etc. all is to detect the foundation of data as design by manufacturer's censorship, does not give safety stock to contingent adverse effect in the construction.For example to penetrate shape steel mesh frame polystyrene board heat-insulatation revised coefficient of thermal conductivity of regulation warming plate in standard drawing be 0.0651w/m.k to the abdomen silk, be not comprise heat transfer that steel anchoring piece in the construction and installation increases and safety stock, if consider the heat transfer that the steel anchoring piece increases, the revised coefficient of thermal conductivity of benzene plate reaches 0.07w/m.k approximately, consider the unfavorable factor of influences such as construction and installation slit again, the abdomen silk penetrates the revised coefficient of thermal conductivity of shape steel mesh frame benzene plate should be near 0.08w/m.k.Equally the constructed influence of unfavorable factor of the energy-saving wall of building by laying bricks or stones with insulation blocks is bigger, as the coefficient of thermal conductivity of the mortar of constructing is often different with the coefficient of thermal conductivity of experiment submitted sample, masonry mortar may take place and fall into the interior influence of hole in the insulation blocks of foam-in-place, and heat transfer that sockets the reinforcing bar increase when building by laying bricks or stones or the like is most too not to be considered.Because of all be the data that detect according to producer's submitted sample as design considerations, not have according to can foreseeable unfavorable factor or engineering recheck the result gives necessity to heat insulating material coefficient of thermal conductivity or wall heat transfer coefficient correction.
Because the heat bridge of other wall thermal insulation technology except that the EPS plate thin plastering is big, because the insulation layer water capacity is big, because the data that detect with manufacturer's submitted sample do not have due safety stock as design considerations, make China over and done with, carry out the building energy conservation policy and do not reach predetermined building energy conservation target in the not very short time, academy of China Constrution Academe 2003-2005 heating season is found Beijing part energy saving building follow-on test, building measured result by energy-conservation 50% index formation is energy-conservation 37%, energy-conservation 30% building reality only energy-conservation 7%.
Five, with China the durable years of existing various wall thermal insulation technologies is all stipulated to be not less than in the world and promptly met the requirements in 25 years, durable years well below major structure of construction, make and in the near future the heat-preserving wall of a large amount of buildings will be removed or keep in repair short service life, become the heavy burden of society, be great waste, do not meet principle of sustainable development.
I had proposed a kind of new wall thermal insulation technology scheme; obtained patent certificate; the patent No. is, and ZL200410002698.7, notice of authorization day to be on January 4th, 2006, denomination of invention be " support is arranged, the antidetonation composite thermal-insulating wall of reinforced concrete external protection is arranged "; this combined wall is still used traditional heat insulating material such as heat insulating materials such as expansion type polyphenyl plate, extrusion molding type polyphenyl plate and polyurethane, mineral wool, has overcome the bad shortcoming of existing heat preservation technology safety.But pass through 2005 in Keshan County, Heilongjiang Province social wellfare home 4674 square metres of engineering pilots of old dormitory building are built, find also to exist following shortcoming: former patent existence employing steel support heat bridge is still big, heat bridge is handled complexity, steel support with vertical reinforcement between be connected problems such as trouble, window periphery connection trouble.
Summary of the invention
The objective of the invention is provides a kind of binding composite heat preservation wall that support is arranged in order to solve shortcoming, the perfect deficiency of former patent application wall thermal insulation technology in person that existing wall thermal insulation technology exists.The core of wall thermal insulation technology is with heat insulating material and major structure of construction and the heat bridge problem that solves connecting elements during the basic unit body of wall is connected, and makes it can reach best heat insulation effect, and makes whole heat insulation system have characteristics such as safe and reliable, good endurance.The problem that " binding composite heat preservation wall that support is arranged " solved under study for action is: (one), how to reduce heat bridge to greatest extent.(2), how with inside and outside socket part major structure of construction, basic unit's body of wall be connected with steel bar stress in the external protection, also do not weld ablation insulation layer benzene plate.(3), how to solve the common quality defect of gauze wire cloth benzene plate gaul cracking.(4), how to solve that protective layer used outside cement mortar is thickly plastered, when bonded floor surface is decorated; the insulation layer moisture content is within the standard allowed band; not only satisfy the requirement that " thermal performance design standard " condensation is made moist and checked; and guarantee that the insulation layer moisture content is low, little with the coefficient of thermal conductivity error that design is adopted.(5), the durability that how to prolong heat insulation system, make it to surpass 25 year life-span of China and world's regulation.(6), convenient construction how.
(7), how to reduce cost.
The present invention have stronger, the heat bridge of construction feasibility still less, connection is more reliable, cost is low characteristics.The present invention includes basic unit's body of wall 1; concrete hanging top support member 2; insulation layer 3; wire lath 4; vertical reinforcement 5; the concrete component 10 of external protection 8 and major structure of construction is formed; the concrete component 10 of major structure of construction comprises the concrete collar tie beam of multi-story masonry structure; the concrete crossbeam; concrete post; concrete wall; concrete lintel; concrete foundation; the concrete balcony slab; the reveal concrete pilaster or the concrete window sill that are connected with flooring concrete up and down; the inner of concrete hanging top support member 2 is fixed on the inside of concrete component 10 of major structure of construction or the external surface fixedly connected with steel part; or be fixed in basic unit's body of wall 1 of bearing masonry; the outside of the concrete component 10 of basic unit's body of wall 1 and major structure of construction is provided with insulation layer 3; insulation layer 3 is fixed on basic unit's body of wall 1; the outside of insulation layer 3 is provided with vertical reinforcement 5; the outside of vertical reinforcement 5 or inboard are provided with wire lath 4; vertical reinforcement 5 is weldingly fixed on the pre-embedded steel slab of external end head of concrete hanging top support member 2; wire lath 4 is fixedlyed connected with vertical reinforcement 5, is provided with the external protection 8 of cement mortar or pea gravel concrete between the outside to the outside of vertical reinforcement 5 and wire lath 4 of insulation layer 3.The present invention compared with the prior art, the thermal bridge area of concrete hanging top is 1/10th of a common concrete Guttr board area, has significantly reduced thermal bridge area.Vertical reinforcement is connected with concrete hanging top simply, the benzene plate of can not ablating during welding; The present invention hang with vertical reinforcement or with the weight of common support external protection of ferro-cement and architectural surface, and pass to concrete hanging top and support, pass to the agent structure of building again; Have that outstanding safety is good, good endurance, good heat insulating, a series of advantages such as fireproof performance is good, cost is low, satisfy watertightness, freeze thawing circulation, health, can satisfy the needs of the various decorations that comprise decorative curtain wall, insulation layer can reach any thickness, can realize body of wall low heat transfer coefficient, high requirements of saving energy.This wall thermal insulation technology is in safety, durable, insulation, fire prevention and decorate and to have a series of mathematical advantages.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is an overall structure schematic diagram of the present invention, Fig. 2 is the composite thermal-insulating wall window, exterior wall external corner syndeton schematic diagram, Fig. 3 is structure and the scheme of installation that sockets the part 7 and the first steel plate washer 7-3 inside and outside the penetration, Fig. 4 sockets the positive elevational schematic view of the first fixing steel plate washer 7-3 of part 7 external end heads inside and outside being, Fig. 5 is the mounting structure schematic diagram of bloated nail of plastics and the 3rd steel plate washer 30, Fig. 6 is the horizontal profile structure schematic diagram of the specific embodiment ten, Fig. 7 is the A place enlarged drawing of Fig. 6, Fig. 8 is the vertical section structural representation of the specific embodiment ten, Fig. 9 is ring window reinforcing bar and window stiffener syndeton schematic diagram, Figure 10 is the composite thermal-insulating wall vertical cut-away schematic view of load-bearing exterior wall, Figure 11 is the composite thermal-insulating wall horizontal profile schematic diagram of load-bearing exterior wall, Figure 12 is the composite thermal-insulating wall vertical cut-away schematic view of the load-bearing exterior wall of window reducing, Figure 13 is the composite thermal-insulating wall horizontal profile schematic diagram of the load-bearing exterior wall of window reducing, Figure 14 is a flexible compound heat-preserving wall horizontal profile organigram, Figure 15 is the B place enlarged drawing of Figure 14, Figure 16 is a flexible compound heat-preserving wall vertical section organigram, Figure 17 is the C place enlarged drawing of Figure 16, Figure 18 is that the indoor member of flexible compound heat-preserving wall window is arranged schematic diagram, Figure 19 is that the indoor member of the flexible compound heat-preserving wall of large tracts of land blank wall is arranged schematic diagram, Figure 20 is the E-E vertical section organigram of Figure 19, Figure 21 sockets iron wire 40 installation constitution schematic diagrames inside and outside the flexible compound heat-preserving wall, Figure 22 is the structural representation of the 3rd steel plate washer 30, Figure 23 is the structural representation of the 4th steel plate washer 33, Figure 24 is the 5th steel plate washer 34 organigrams, Figure 25 is the structural representation of the 6th steel plate washer 41, Figure 26 is the structural representation of the specific embodiment 21, Figure 27 is the horizontal profile scheme of installation of beam support member 2 of encorbelmenting, and Figure 28 is the D place enlarged diagram of Fig. 8.
The specific embodiment
The specific embodiment one: (referring to Fig. 1; Fig. 2; Fig. 6; Fig. 8; Figure 16; Figure 17; Figure 19; Figure 20; Figure 27) present embodiment is by basic unit's body of wall 1; concrete hanging top support member 2; insulation layer 3; wire lath 4; vertical reinforcement 5; the concrete component 10 of external protection 8 and major structure of construction is formed; the concrete component 10 of major structure of construction comprises the concrete collar tie beam of multi-story masonry structure; the concrete crossbeam; concrete post; concrete wall; concrete lintel; concrete foundation; the concrete balcony slab; the reveal concrete pilaster or the concrete window sill that are connected with flooring concrete up and down; the inner of concrete hanging top support member 2 is fixed on the inside of concrete component 10 of major structure of construction or the external surface fixedly connected with steel part; or be fixed in basic unit's body of wall 1 of bearing masonry; the outside of the concrete component 10 of basic unit's body of wall 1 and major structure of construction is provided with insulation layer 3; insulation layer 3 is fixed on basic unit's body of wall 1; the outside of insulation layer 3 is provided with vertical reinforcement 5; there is wire lath 4 outside of vertical reinforcement 5 or inboard; vertical reinforcement 5 is weldingly fixed on the pre-embedded steel slab of external end head of concrete hanging top support member 2; wire lath 4 is fixedlyed connected with vertical reinforcement 5, is provided with the external protection 8 of cement mortar or pea gravel concrete between the outside to the outside of vertical reinforcement 5 and wire lath 4 of insulation layer 3.Concrete hanging top support member 2 seals with polyurethane foam glue or benzene plate 20 by the dress slit with insulation layer 3; if the cladding curtain wall decoration of exterior wall; then vertical reinforcement 5 is fixing with interior pre-buried vertical reinforcement welding with concrete hanging top support member 2 external end heads; the external end head of concrete hanging top support member 2 is given prominence to outside external protection 8; be connected with the external end head of shaped steel with concrete hanging top support member 2; form air chamber between external protection 8 and the cladding decorative curtain wall, the air chamber that forms sealing within the specific limits more helps insulation.
Described insulation layer 3 is tabular heat insulating materials, be expansion type polyphenyl plate, extrusion molding type polyphenyl plate, polyurethane sheet, mineral wool panels, phenolic foam plate, compressed straw slab, pearlite slab or the on-the-spot heat insulating material that in cavity, foams, it is the heat insulating material of phenolic foam, polyurethane foam, urinary nitrogen foaming, or graininess heat insulating material, i.e. perlite, granules of polystyrene, rice husk, sawdust (wood chip).Described basic unit body of wall 1 be the masonry structure body of wall of concrete, load-bearing, nonweight-bearing lightweight masonry infilled wall or for steel wood, bamboo wood and with the horizontal or vertical fixing reinforcing bar of building body concrete structure on basic unit's body of wall of forming of the metal lath and plaster of colligation.The concrete component 10 of major structure of construction comprises the concrete crossbeam, concrete post, concrete wall, concrete foundation of concrete collar tie beam, concrete lintel, the frame construction of multi-story masonry structure or link to each other with the main body concrete reveal concrete pilaster, concrete window sill.The concrete component of outside building has, encorbelmenting; during as balcony slab, oblique roof panel; these outer concrete components of encorbelmenting just can be used as the fixed end of vertical reinforcement 5, and the weight and the geological process of bearing external protection and architectural surface can needn't be provided with concrete hanging top support member 2 in addition.According to using needs, concrete hanging top support member 2 can be ordinary concrete, also can be light weight aggregate concrete.
The specific embodiment two: present embodiment is that insulation layer 3 is to stick with glue the polymer cement of agent preparation or the plastics nail 9 that expands to be fixed on basic unit's body of wall 1 or to be fixed on the agent structure of building, or the sticking fixedly insulation layer 3 of combination of following closely, the inner of the bloated nail 9 of plastics is fixed in basic unit's body of wall 1, and fixedly warming plate is blocked in the outer end of the bloated nail 9 of plastics.Bonding adhesive at present commonly used be with polyacrylic acid fat liquor or vinyl acetate-ethylene emulsion and add the bonding adhesive of other material formation such as cellulose, anticorrisive agent and cement and sand prepared polymer rubber cement bonding, the polyacrylic acid fat liquor has pure-acrylic emulsion, benzene emulsion, Silicone acrylic emulsion etc., be a kind of good endurance, bonding adhesive that adhesive property is good, when the material of insulation layer 3 not simultaneously, the bonding adhesive of selection should be complementary with it.
(referring to Fig. 1, Fig. 2, Fig. 6~Fig. 8, Figure 10~Figure 17): what present embodiment and the specific embodiment one were different is the specific embodiment three; socket part 7 inside and outside having increased; inside and outside socket part 7 the inner fixedly connected with the concrete component 10 of basic unit's body of wall 1 or major structure of construction, inside and outside socket part 7 the outer end in external protection 8, be connected and fixed with vertical reinforcement 5.Inside and outside socket part effect be on vertical reinforcement at a certain distance, fix vertical reinforcement and basic unit's body of wall or with the reliable drawknot of the concrete component of major structure of construction, socket part inside and outside being provided with and to reduce the distance of concrete hanging top support member between up and down, reduce heat bridge and convenient construction.
The specific embodiment four: (referring to Fig. 3): socket part 7 inside and outside the present embodiment and socket part, form by the threaded steel pole 7-1 in two ends, two nut 7-2, the second pad 7-5, the first steel plate washer 7-3 and Steel Bolt 7-4 for inside and outside the penetrating type; Two nut 7-2 are threaded with the two ends of steel pole 7-1 respectively, the second pad 7-5 is arranged on the steel pole 7-1 of inner nut 7-2 inboard, the first steel plate washer 7-3 is arranged on the steel pole 7-1 of nut 7-2 inboard of outer end, the two ends of the first steel plate washer 7-3 are respectively equipped with U-shaped bending 7-9, and the internal thread 7-20 on the U-shaped bending 7-9 of Steel Bolt 7-4 and the first steel plate washer 7-3 matches.
The specific embodiment five (referring to Fig. 3, Fig. 6~Fig. 8, Figure 14, Figure 15): what present embodiment and the specific embodiment four were different is, inside and outside socket part 7 and socket part for inside and outside the non-penetrating type, the inner be anchored in the building body concrete or with basic unit body of wall 1 masonry in socket distributing bar or fixing with the shaped steel welding that is fixed on the major structure of construction, construct with the specific embodiment four outer end.
The specific embodiment six is (referring to Fig. 1~Fig. 4; Fig. 6~Figure 17; Figure 19; Figure 20; Figure 27): what present embodiment and the specific embodiment one were different is; in external protection 8, increase horizontal cross reinforcing bar 6 is arranged; the pre-embedded steel slab of horizontal cross reinforcing bar 6 two ends and concrete hanging top support member 2 external end heads sockets on the outer end of part 7 inside and outside welding or being fixed on; inside and outside socket part 7 steel pole 7-1 outer end pass the first steel plate washer 7-3; it is fixedly connected to screw nut 7-2; after vertical reinforcement 5 is fixed with top concrete hanging top support member 2 welding; vertical reinforcement 5 is put into the space of the U-shaped bending 7-9 on the first steel plate washer 7-3 of its underpart thereupon; by fixing vertical reinforcement 5 in the internal thread 7-20 on the U-shaped bending 7-9 that Steel Bolt 7-4 is penetrated the first steel plate washer 7-3; quarter bend is beaten at transverse reinforcement 6 two ends inserted in the U-shaped bending 7-9 fixingly, avoid welding ablation insulation layer 3.The horizontal cross reinforcing bar is set can increase the colligation fixed point of wire lath; horizontal cross reinforcing bar and vertical reinforcement have constituted the four limits constraint of external protection jointly; more help increasing the rigidity of external protection and the distortion of restriction external protection; increase the horizontal range of concrete hanging top support member; convenient construction, minimizing concrete hanging top support member heat bridge; an indoor end that sockets part 7 inside and outside the penetrating type of heating area should be holed and be imbedded the metope certain depth, filling foaming thermal-insulating such as polyurethane partial insulation.
Along with basic unit's body of wall should be selected to socket part 7 inside and outside different, inside and outside need adopting non-penetrating type, socket part at positions such as the constructional column place that internal partition wall is arranged that should not penetrate, concrete posts, other position sockets part inside and outside can adopting penetrating type, can bore open-work in bearing masonry and nonweight-bearing filling masonry adopts penetrating type to be connected, also can adopt non-penetrating type to connect, when in brick wall, building by laying bricks or stones will inside and outside socket part 7 and be installed in the cement mortar mortar joint, or when building the light filling body of wall by laying bricks or stones with the masonry mortar joint in the reinforcing bar welding that sockets fix.In concrete structure, socket inside and outside the non-penetrating type part 7 be embedded in the concrete with the concrete monobloc cast together, or chemically-planted steel bar is connected with concrete.Inside and outside socket part and should select the Stainless steel rod of good endurance, galvanizing rod member for use or take other effective anti-corrosion measure.
The specific embodiment seven (referring to Fig. 1, Fig. 5) present embodiment and the specific embodiment two are different is that the plastics nail 9 that expands is made up of plastic bar cover 9-1, plastic bar core 9-2 and the 3rd steel plate washer 30, the 3rd steel plate washer 30 is enclosed within the external end head 9-3 of plastic bar cover 9-1, plastic bar core 9-2 squeezes in the plastic bar cover 9-1 hole, and the bloated nail 9 of insulation layer 3 usefulness plastics is fixed.Be connected with wire lath by the plastics that are connected with the basic unit body of wall steel plate washer that is with on the nail bar external end head that expands; increase the tie point of basic unit's body of wall and external protection; help increasing the rigidity of external protection; reduce the distortion of external protection; thereby can strengthen the distance of concrete hanging top support member; and socket part and the distance between the fixed point up and down inside and outside strengthening; reduce the concrete hanging top support member and inside and outside socket the installation quantity and the heat bridge of part; convenient construction; reduce heat bridge; be that the composite thermal-insulating wall layers of material forms sticking nail in conjunction with the connection that adds binding; thereby guarantee the safety of heat insulation system; the distortion of restriction composite thermal-insulating wall increases the composite thermal-insulating wall durability.Plastics expand nail during with the body of wall anchoring of different basic units, the anchorage depth difference that requires, according to design the plastics pulling capacity that nail requires that expands is tested in the engineering, when not meeting design requirement, adjusted by increasing expand nail diameter etc. of anchorage depth, density, expansion.
The specific embodiment eight (referring to Fig. 2) present embodiment is provided with a vertical reinforcement 5 at body of wall external corner place and insulation layer 3 outsides, window external corner place, vertical reinforcement 5 is fixedlyed connected with the lower end of the oblique rollering steel muscle 18 that increases, the upper end of oblique rollering steel muscle 18 is fixed on adjacent concrete and encorbelments on beam support member 2 external end heads or be fixed on the vertical reinforcement 5 of this concrete hanging top support member 2, i.e. exterior wall external corner, window external corner place vertical reinforcement 5 loading of being born relies on oblique rollering steel muscle 18 to pass to the adjacent concrete beam support member 2 of encorbelmenting.
The specific embodiment nine: present embodiment has the interfacial agents that bonding adhesive compatible, cementation is prepared to a brushing and insulation layer 3 in the outside of insulation layer 3 with the spraying of pump spaced point or with sweet potato; make outside cement mortar plaster or the external protection 8 of pea gravel concrete and insulation layer 3 between bonding; the occurrence of large-area hollowing does not cause external protection 3 crackings, and other composition is identical with the above specific embodiment with annexation.Taked the above-mentioned measure that prevents the external protection plaster cracking in the pilot project by experiment; making between external protection 8 and the insulation layer 3 has 80% left and right area to bond together; can disperse Yin Dongxia temperature difference cement mortar floated coat to shrink the crack that produces; reduce crack width; help increasing the durability of external protection 8; and the resistance of adding polypropylene chopped strand is split in motar, has solved the common quality defect of gauze wire cloth benzene plate cement mortar gaul cracking preferably.The old dormitory building pilot project of Heilongjiang Province Keshan social wellfare home is positioned at the severe cold area of north latitude 48 degree, and decoration of exterior wall is a glazed tile, reaches-33 ℃ at the freeze-up lowest temperature that enters in January, 2006, and exterior wall is not seen macroscopic crack.Adopt bonding layer by layer, sticking nail in conjunction with, socket part, the every technical measures of horizontal cross reinforcing bar inside and outside being provided with after, concrete hanging top support member spare, inside and outside socket the part spacing can be with reference to the subordinate list setting.
Subordinate list: concrete hanging top support member spare, horizontal brace rod spare spacing reference table:
Class of loading Horizontal plane load numerical value Distance is not more than mm
Horizontal range L between the support Socket part and the distance H between the fixed point up and down inside and outside the Φ 8
??1 ??0.5KN/m 2Below ????1600 ????1600
??2 ??0.5~1KN/m 2 ????1500 ????1500
??3 ??1~1.5KN/m 2 ????1400 ????1400
??4 ??1.5~2KN/m 2 ????1300 ????1300
??5 ??2~2.5KN/m 2 ????1200 ????1200
??6 ??2.5KN/m 2More than ????1100 ????1100
The specific embodiment ten: (referring to Fig. 6~Fig. 8) building of present embodiment is the thickness of frame construction or steel building attenuate light-weight filled wall body basic unit body of wall 1, reveal concrete pilaster or angle steel pilaster 10-2 are set, concrete window sill or angle steel window sill 10-3, fixedly connected with the concrete beam or the girder steel of major structure of construction in the upper end of reveal concrete pilaster or steel pilaster 10-2, fixedly connected with concrete floor in the lower end, fixedly connected with concrete pilaster or steel pilaster 10-2 in concrete window sill or angle steel window sill 10-3 two ends, indoor have the concrete column of horizontal reinforcement 32 and major structure of construction or reveal pilaster 10-2 is connected or the two ends of horizontal reinforcement 32 are connected with reveal pilaster 10-2 or with concrete column, or indoorly there is vertical reinforcing bar 25 to fixedly connected with up-down structure flooring concrete structure, basic unit's body of wall 1 of lightweight filling masonry abuts on indoor vertical reinforcing bar 25 or the horizontal reinforcement 32 builds by laying bricks or stones, there are drawknot distributing bar 28 two ends of perforation to fixedly connected with the concrete column of reveal concrete pilaster 10-2 and major structure of construction respectively in the masonry, or between two reveal concrete pilaster 10-2, connect, and on the drawknot distributing bar 28 that masonry connects, welding out bar dowel 29 perpendicular to metope, this bar dowel 29 is fixing with indoor vertical reinforcing bar 25 welding or fix with 32 welding of indoor horizontal reinforcing bar.Other joint construction is identical with the specific embodiment one to nine.But basic unit's body of wall 1 thickness that this structure attenuate is built by laying bricks or stones, reveal pilaster 10-2, window sill 10-3 and indoor vertical reinforcing bar 25 or horizontal reinforcement 32 are set guarantee the masonry stability requirement and guarantee the reliability that window is installed, not high at floor height, masonry is stable can meet the demands the time, indoor vertical reinforcement and horizontal reinforcement can be set, composite thermal-insulating wall thin thickness, the cost that the basic unit body of wall of this structure is formed be low, increase indoor usable floor area, alleviates exterior wall weight, alleviates geological process, reduces the agent structure cost, reduces the composite thermal-insulating wall cost.
The specific embodiment 11: (referring to Fig. 2, Fig. 6~Figure 17, Figure 22~Figure 25): present embodiment is side ring window reinforcing bar 27 and an outer ring window reinforcing bar 44 in having all around outside door and window mouth insulation layer, between bipassage ring window reinforcing bar, there is window stiffener 26 that bipassage ring window reinforcing bar is connected, window stiffener 26 is fixedlyed connected with horizontal cross reinforcing bar 6 with the vertical reinforcement 5 of window front body of wall, insulation layer 3 block door-window section bar and basic unit's body of wall 1 or with window on concrete beam, reveal concrete column 10-2, slit under the window between the concrete window sill 10-3, spend oblique and window periphery anchoring by anchoring piece 37 along 45 in the door and window mouth outside, the 4th steel plate washer 33 and the 5th steel plate washer 34 fixing interior side ring window reinforcing bars 27 are arranged between the insulation layer 3 around anchoring piece 37 and the window, or the column of angles 10-2 of the plank of heat-insulating bridge-cut-off or plastic plate 34 usefulness anchoring pieces 35 and basic unit's body of wall 1 or window periphery is set at door and window mouth periphery, angle steel window sill 10-3 anchoring, fixedly connected with plank or plastic plate 34 by anchoring piece 37 in the door and window mouth outside, between anchoring piece 37 and reveal insulation layer 3, have the 6th steel plate washer 41 fix in side ring window reinforcing bar 27.This structure window periphery crab-bolt is conducted heat and can be disregarded, heat bridge is minimum, when being connected with concrete, the anchoring piece 37 of door and window mouth connects with tapping screw or chemically-planted steel bar usually, when being connected with brick wall or lightweight wall in masonry pre embedded bolt or boring two ends with connecting in the nut, use wood screw when being connected usually with plank.
(referring to Figure 13~Figure 19): what present embodiment and the specific embodiment 11 were different is the specific embodiment 12; in frame construction; use metal lath and plaster as basic unit's body of wall 1 in the steel building; column of angles 10-2 is set at door and window mouth edge fixedlys connected with the concrete of flooring up and down of major structure of construction; angle steel window sill 10-3 two ends and column of angles 10-2 welding is set; fixedly connected with horizontal reinforcement 32 between column of angles 10-2 and the adjacent concrete post; it is fixedly connected that indoor vertical reinforcing bar 25 is set between flooring concrete and angle steel window sill 10-3; by certain distance indoor vertical reinforcing bar 25 being set along the exterior wall periphery at blank wall places such as large-area gables fixedlys connected up and down with the flooring concrete; or column of angles 10-2 is set at a certain distance along exterior wall edge and flooring concrete up and down; fixedlying connected with horizontal reinforcement 32 between the column of angles 10-2 or between concrete column and the column of angles 10-2; the 6th steel plate washer 41 hooks indoor vertical reinforcing bar 25 or horizontal reinforcement 32 and welding; socket steel wire 40 inside and outside being provided with; inside and outside socket steel wire 40 two ends and be with screw thread; at indoor the 6th steel plate washer 41 that passes; pass insulation layer 3 and the outdoor second steel plate washer 7-5 again; two ends all use nut fixedly connected; inside and outside socket steel wire 4 outer ends foldings and be connected with 4 colligations of outside wire lath for L shaped; the indoor wire lath 39 of colligation on indoor vertical reinforcing bar 25 or horizontal reinforcement 32; the outside of indoor wire lath 39 is to the indoor protection layer 43 that has cement mortar or pea gravel concrete to plaster between the insulation layer 3; the door and window mouth connects by the plank or the plastic plate 34 of heat-insulating bridge-cut-off; insulation layer 3 and peripheral major structure of construction 10; and column of angles 10-2 and with angle steel window sill 10-3 between stick with glue the bonding integral body that becomes of polymer cement that agent is prepared; form the flexible compound heat-preserving wall; other joint construction of composite thermal-insulating wall is with removing the specific embodiment two; seven and the specific embodiment ten beyond other embodiment; still press the specific embodiment one~specific embodiment 11 at the beam column position of major structure of construction composite heat insulating wall body structure; insulation layer 3 should not have seam perpendicular to flexible compound heat-preserving wall span of slab position, should the bonding integral body of holding if any seam.Present embodiment uses the metal lath and plaster layer as basic unit's body of wall, the flexible compound heat-preserving wall under horizontal loads for being subjected to bent plate, because of expanding to follow closely, plastics are difficult to fix with basic unit's body of wall of metal lath and plaster, socketing steel wire so plastics expand inside and outside the nail quilt substitutes, should be stainless steel wire for socketing steel wire inside and outside the assurance durable years, for example use 2.5mm diameter stainless steel wire or other corrosion resistant metal silk, inside and outside socket steel wire 40 with inside and outside socket part 7 difference be, steel pole 7-1 diameter is big, quantity is few, by with its second fixing steel plate washer 7-3 fixedly vertical reinforcement 5 and horizontal reinforcement 6, and inside and outside to socket steel wire 40 diameters much smaller, but need with quantity than inside and outside socket part more than 7, its effect is to socket outer steel silk screen and indoor vertical reinforcing bar 25 or horizontal reinforcement 32, be equivalent to be connected with basic unit body of wall 1, the spacing of indoor vertical reinforcing bar 25 and horizontal reinforcement 32 and inside and outside socket steel wire 40 along the density of reinforcement installation and the span of composite insulation boards, thickness, the internal force size is relevant.Jam-packed makes the precommpression of insulation benzene plate mutually when warming plate is installed; the Winter protection plate can discharge warming plate when shrinking when installing by precompressed part numerical value; can avoid and reduce the plaster common quality defect of topping cracking of outside cement mortar; plaster and adopt interfacial agents to make not hollowing of cement mortar; bonding between the mutual seam crossing of insulation layer and insulation layer and major structure of construction, make composite insulation boards form whole co-operation.The composite thermal-insulating wall of this embodiment has the following advantages: 1. increasing indoor usable floor area greatly, is energy and land saving type building; 2. alleviate the exterior wall load greatly, reduce the agent structure cost, and under the condition of identical thermal transmittance, comprise basic unit's body of wall and indoor and outdoor plaster make an investment in, be that all composite thermal-insulating wall costs are minimum; 3. selecting for use under identical heat insulating material, the identical insulation layer thickness condition, because of its heat bridge more much smaller than rough ground heat bridge, so its thermal transmittance is lower than wooden construction filling insulating wall body thermal transmittance, good heat insulation, cost are low; 4. the flexible compound heat-preserving wall can absorb seismic energy when earthquake, and the secondary earthquake of collapsing and producing because of body of wall can not take place exterior wall.The excellent anti shock stability that adopts steel work, frame construction, the frame structure of flexible compound heat-preserving wall technology that it is had is better, can reach energy-conservation simultaneously, save land, material-saving, reduction cost, antidetonation, durable, fire prevention, decorate arbitrarily, the multinomial target of wall reform.Present embodiment provides the body of wall technology of building energy and land saving type building, to frame construction, steel building, to high-rise super highrise building, to the earthquake regional architecture, to wall reform, significant to building low-energy building and green building.
The specific embodiment 13: what present embodiment and the specific embodiment 12 were different is, sockets iron wire 40 inside and outside substituting with waddy or plastic screw, and the inside and outside two ends of waddy or plastic screw connect with pin that inserts waddy or nut respectively.
(referring to Figure 10~Figure 13): present embodiment is that exterior wall is a load bearing wall to the specific embodiment 14; the door and window mouth is flat mouthful or reducing; the concrete hanging top support member 2 of building is positioned at same absolute altitude under every layer of windowsill; and balcony is when being the concrete breast board; the outer concrete hanging top support member 2 of balcony is positioned at balcony fence top; the vertical reinforcement 5 that external protection 8 and architectural surface weight all are welded on concrete hanging top support member 2 outer ends bears, and other joint construction is with other embodiment except that the specific embodiment ten and the specific embodiment 12.
The specific embodiment 15 (referring to Fig. 2): what present embodiment and the specific embodiment 14 were different is; exterior wall is the infilled wall of frame construction or steel work; concrete hanging top support member 2 is positioned at the same absolute altitude of every floor surface concrete altitude range; vertical reinforcement and the windowsill pre-embedded steel slab welding of concrete hanging top support member 2 outer ends of surface concrete position of going downstairs under the windowsill; under the windowsill vertical reinforcement 5 upper ends by inside and outside to socket part 7 fixing and be connected with window stiffener 26 or with ring window reinforcing bar 44; be connected with outer ring window reinforcing bar 44 and interior side ring window reinforcing bar 26 by window stiffener 26; be connected with window fixed by the specific embodiment 11 again; socket part 7 inside and outside under the windowsill and connect vertical reinforcement 5 and horizontal cross reinforcing bar 6 by first steel plate washer; place concrete hanging top support member 2 support top external protection 8 and the architectural surface weight in every floor surface concrete altitude range under the windowsill; and at the flexible compound heat-preservation balcony breast board place of brick balcony fence or inside and outside metal lath and plaster; the concrete hanging top support member is positioned at the concrete balcony slab altitude range of outrigger base, external protection and architectural surface weight that support balcony fence insulation layer is outer.This is that it is unfavorable that the section of window sill bears moment of torsion for a short time, is rational so the concrete hanging top support member is positioned at the concrete absolute altitude scope of floor because concrete hanging top support member 2 is if be positioned at then window sill generation moment of torsion of windowsill place.
The specific embodiment 16: what present embodiment and the specific embodiment 12 were different is; on the external surface of insulation layer 3, be provided with the dovetail groove type groove of inner wide and outer narrow at a certain distance; groove is perpendicular to the curved direction that is subjected to of plate; be that dovetail groove type groove on the insulation layer 3 is vertical with indoor vertical reinforcing bar 25 or horizontal reinforcement 32; the effect of the dovetail groove type groove on the insulation layer 3 is; further strengthen being connected between external protection and the warming plate making its globality better; avoid external protection and insulation layer to break away from; cause a little less than the rigidity because of layered material destroying; stride this that to take when big or load causes internal force big greatly at the plate of composite insulation boards and further strengthen technical measures of connecting; these technical measures also can be used for building by laying bricks or stones or the warming plate outside of concrete base layer body of wall, but needn't limit the groove direction.
The specific embodiment 17 (referring to Fig. 1, Fig. 3, Fig. 5, Figure 19, Figure 21): present embodiment is in the building in heating area, between basic unit's body of wall 1 and the insulation layer 3 or the indoor floated coat of basic unit's body of wall be provided with vapour barrier 19, other composition is identical with the above specific embodiment with annexation.This can reduce or be avoided the steam of indoor high temperature one side in winter to infiltrate in the insulation layer on the one hand; influence heat insulation effect; under the carbon dioxide effect, can not protect the steel in it after the carbonization when the cement mortar of external protection after the several years simultaneously and avoid corrosion; there is vapour barrier can make vertical reinforcement 5, wire lath 4 in the external protection 7 slow down the speed that corrosion takes place when the time comes; have higher durability as the vapour barrier of selecting 19, then help prolonging the life-span of heat-preserving wall.Vapour barrier 19 generally need stick on basic unit's body of wall 1 or on the leveling layer of basic unit's body of wall 1, between basic unit's body of wall 1 and insulation layer 3, under the prerequisite of basic unit's body of wall drying, can also adhere on basic unit's body of wall 1 indoor side, the material of vapour barrier 19 can be coiled material, can be for the coating of trapping effect be arranged, also can be the suitable plastic sheeting of pasting and the trapping effect being arranged, insulation layer 3 must be different and different with the vapour barrier material of selecting for use with the cementing agent of vapour barrier 19, for example the two-sided polyester with good endurance presss from both sides the aluminium foil plastic sheeting as vapour barrier, use good endurance, the polyacrylate dispersion that vitrification point is lower or to add the polymer cement bonding cost of silicon ash preparation with polyacrylate dispersion minimum, easy construction, the polymer cement that also needs to brush this siliceous ash in the two-sided polyester metallized film outside, adhesive insulating layer routinely after the drying.
The specific embodiment 18: present embodiment is to socket part 7 and the 3rd steel plate washer 30 inside and outside having increased in vertical reinforcement 5, horizontal cross reinforcing bar 6 and cement mortar external protection 8 plate face scopes; the 3rd steel plate washer 30 is provided with centre bore 30-1 and lateral opening 30-2, and iron wire lacing 30-2 and wire lath 4 is fixing.When horizontal loading is big, concrete hanging top support member 2 and inside and outside socket part 7 and can adopt horizontal plane load spacing hour, for example the 6th spacing of subordinate list is 1.1m, can be by 1.4 meters settings of the 3rd spacing, at this moment socket part 7 inside and outside needing in the plate face, to increase, this can make the identical horizontal range of concrete hanging top support member 2 employings up and down, and when especially blast was mutually far short of what is expected up and down in highrise building, the concrete hanging top support member designed par up and down apart from convenient construction; And plastics expand nail when not satisfying force request with anchored force between the lower basic unit's body of wall of intensity, socket part 7 inside and outside also can setting up in the cement mortar external protection 8 plate face scopes that vertical reinforcement 5 and horizontal cross reinforcing bar 6 retrain.
The specific embodiment 19: present embodiment be wire lath 4 respectively with vertical reinforcement 5 and horizontal cross reinforcing bar 6 and inside and outside socket part 7 and plaster by the lateral opening 30-2 colligation on the 3rd steel plate washer 30; form external protection earlier, the cavity type composite thermal-insulating wall of insulation layer is installed in the back.Its working procedure is: smear on wire lath 4 and contain the long stapled cement mortar formation of hemp cut class external protection 8; and on external protection 8 or basic unit's body of wall 1, leave hole; injecting foaming thermal-insulating or graininess heat insulating material formation insulation layer 3 by hole then, is that the material that absorbs water vapour easily should be provided with vapour barrier as insulation layer.
The specific embodiment 20: present embodiment is to use rod spare, the plastics rod member, the compound rod that is similar to the truss shape that steel rod spare is formed or use wicker, socketing part 7 and the bloated nail 9 of plastics and inside and outside gauze wire cloth inside and outside the cylindric article of bamboo bar braiding are alternative or partly alternative is connected and fixed, compound rod can be horizontally disposed with, the vertical setting or oblique setting, one side lever spare of compound rod be fixed on basic unit's body of wall or inboard gauze wire cloth on, outside rod member and vertical reinforcement 5, colligation between horizontal cross reinforcing bar 6 and the wire lath 4, the phase link member is arranged between adjacent compound rod, as the support between the compound rod, the out-of-plane that guarantees compound rod is stable, in frame construction, during steel work, the compound rod two ends of truss shape also need with about or up and down concrete structure or steel work fixedly connected; Or inboard gauze wire cloth substitutes external protection in the formation of plastering with wicker, bamboo bar, rattan weaving.Present embodiment is applicable to and adopts when annotating foaming thermal-insulating or perfusion graininess heat insulating material in the cavity type.
The specific embodiment 19 and the specific embodiment 20 can be utilized various heat insulating materials, comprise as perlite, benzene plate particle, all can use through refuses such as antiseptic sawdust, rice husks, the graininess heat insulating material is applicable to the low-rise building that blast is little, building energy saving building for remote poverty-stricken area provides convenience, utilize local discarded graininess heat insulating material such as rice husk, sawdust etc. to build energy saving building, help comprehensively carrying out of national building energy conservation policy.
The specific embodiment 21: (referring to Figure 26) present embodiment is that the horizontal cross reinforcing bar 6 that will connect on concrete hanging top support member spare 2 external end heads is substituted by horizontal cross steel plate 36, or the vertical reinforcement 5 that connects on concrete hanging top support member spare 2 external end heads is substituted by vertical steel plate 36, porose on horizontal cross steel plate 36 or vertical steel plate 36, socketing part 7 inside and outside passing on the hole is connected with basic unit's body of wall 1 or major structure of construction, up and down connecting vertical reinforcement 5 on the horizontal cross steel plate 36, or about connect horizontal cross reinforcing bar 6 on the vertical steel plate 36.This is applicable to that the exterior wall horizontal loading is big, need the more reinforcing bar of configuration, and avoids increasing the concrete hanging top support member.
The specific embodiment 22: present embodiment is to provide convenience to sunshading facility in summer, decorative curtain wall, solar opto-electronic board, solar heat-collection plate, billboard etc. are installed having on the binding composite heat preservation wall of support, can weld ironware on vertical reinforcement in ring window reinforcing bar, window stiffener, external protection and the horizontal cross reinforcing bar and be used to install roller blind etc., not increase heat bridge in addition; When being installed, awning, sunbreaker should utilize the steel plate of concrete hanging top support member 2 outer ends of both sides, window top to install; When decorative curtain wall or solar opto-electronic board, thermal-arrest plate, billboard are installed; concrete hanging top support member spare 2 is given prominence to beyond external protection 8; vertical and the horizontal shaped steel of welding on concrete hanging top support member 2 outer end ironwares; or the welding of the welding ironware on the steel bar stress in shaped steel and the cement mortar external protection; and should satisfy the installation requirement of decorative curtain wall etc. simultaneously for major structure of construction, the concrete hanging top support member section of in structure design, selecting for use the Load Transfer.The bearing carrier of this heat insulation system not only satisfies the safety of heat insulation system bearing load, also can satisfy simultaneously wall face requirements such as decorative curtain wall and sunshading facility are installed, do not increase or seldom increase and connect heat bridge, the beam of encorbelmenting that for example former glazed tile is decorated with 80 * 120mm section supports, if generally can meet the demands when needing stone curtain wall is installed with 80 * 150mm section, and existing various wall thermal insulation technology all needs to increase in addition connecting elements, increase heat bridge, the shaped steel that present stone decoration curtain wall is installed on agent structure is intensive, heat bridge is very big, should be corrected with the energy-saving design in construction discrepancy, talk its heat insulation effect from this angle and be not less than the insulation of EPS plate thin plastering.
The specific embodiment 23 (referring to Fig. 2): present embodiment is the horizontal cross reinforcing bar 6 under window and encircles between the window reinforcing bar 44 and weld diagonal reinforcement, makes reinforcing bar formation truss-like under the windowsill, helps strengthening the rigidity of external protection under the windowsill.
The specific embodiment 24: present embodiment is that the concrete component 10 of major structure of construction is substituted by steel work or wooden construction, concrete hanging top support member spare 2 is connected by steel plate, screw rod with major structure of construction 10, and the beam support member 2 of encorbelmenting in the heating area is advisable for light weight aggregate concrete.Other composition is identical with the specific embodiment one to 19 with annexation.
The specific embodiment 25: the support member that the concrete hanging top support member 2 of present embodiment is moulded composite component by steel member, steel wood or steel substitutes.
The specific embodiment 26: socket part 7 inside and outside the steel of present embodiment and socket part by plastics or rod and substitute.
Its safety of heat insulation system of the present invention is by multi-faceted means of structure, mechanical connection and chemistry connect common guarantee, the varying level blast and the horizontal earthquake action of bearing according to external wall, select different primary structure member with different insulation layer thicknesses with the basic unit's body of wall and the major structure of construction of unlike material with the architectural surface Different Weight according to external protection, and the connection of different densities arranged, therefore to any earthquake intensity, the building in any blast area, to any decoration, building to any insulation layer thickness, for with being connected of any basic unit body of wall, all be safe and reliable, and it is little because of anchoring steel part rigidity that steel wire net rack benzene plate can not take place, flexible distortion causes the common quality defect of external protection cement mortar cracking, and this is that existing various wall thermal insulation technology does not have; The concrete hanging top support member bears the vertical load and the horizontal loading of external protection, architectural surface; bear the wall face horizontal loading jointly; bond, glue nail between each layer of composite thermal-insulating wall layer by layer in conjunction with adding binding; provide vapour barrier, the gauze wire cloth benzene plate technical measures that resistance splits of plastering are set, the cement mortar external protection can satisfy the requirement of fireproof fire endurance.Energy-saving heat-insulating wall of the present invention will be used to guarantee that safe primary structure member used key position, become the wire heat bridge of tradition along flooring and window periphery, even the planar heat bridge outside partition wall and beam column is the point-like heat bridge, and heat bridge quantity is few, area is little, the window periphery has insulation layer to block, and there is other to increase attachment security, do not increase the auxiliary part and the measure of heat bridge, insulation layer is positioned at basic unit body of wall outside and belongs to outer insulation, high insulating effect, it is bearing carrier, auxiliary primary structure member, the optimization setting of bonding agent and heat insulating material, the puzzlement wall thermal insulation technology safety for many years and the contradiction of insulation have been solved, obtained the unification of safety and insulation, problems such as the composite thermal-insulating wall durability is bad have been solved effectively, can substantially exceed the China and the world the operating period in 25 years of being no less than to heat-preserving wall regulation, be hopeful to reach 50 year operating period, and easy construction, construction quality is controlled easily, carry out the building energy conservation policy and particularly carry out the low energy consumption that the most important condition of green building is a building, but if need to increase the popularization that very big investment then is unfavorable for policy, wherein especially the flexible compound heat-preserving wall not only also comprises the user in house the investor and the whole society is brought huge interests, helps the popularization of government buildings energy saving policy and green building policy.
Socket the influence of part inside and outside analysis concrete hanging top support member and the steel to heat-insulating property:
One, during concrete hanging top support member 120mm, section 80 * 120mm can satisfy stressed safety requirements, when window-wall ratio 0.3, concrete hanging top support member cross-sectional area generally is not more than 5 ‰ of wall area, and account for wall area about 4~6% along building border concrete Guttr board thermal bridge area now, be about ten times of heat insulation system of the present invention, so its heat bridge is of the present invention ten times approximately.Relatively 1 ‰ of the every increase wall area of safety calculating concrete hanging top support member area increases wall heat transfer coefficient 0.003w/m 2.k, and the concrete hanging top support member can use light weight aggregate concrete.
Two, the influence of the steel that analysis penetrates insulation layer to conducting heat: that quantity is installed is few because composite heat insulating wall of the present invention inside and outside sockets part, so it is little to the wall heat transfer coefficient influence to socket part inside and outside the steel, reference standard atlas 02J121-1 midfield silk penetrates the revised coefficient of thermal conductivity of shape steel wire net rack benzene plate, the steel area that the heat transfer that steel pole and window perimeter steel crab-bolt are increased contains with every square metre of wall area multiply by the steel coefficient of thermal conductivity and multiply by 0.7 coefficient of thermal conductivity as the warming plate increase again, for example press floor height 3m, 3.6m the standard width of a room in an old-style house, window 2.4 * 1.5m, socket part inside and outside respectively having 2 under wall between windows position and the window, socket part inside and outside totally 4 M8, the light face place diameter that sockets part inside and outside the M8 is 7mm, and cross-sectional area is 0.385cm 2, window periphery crab-bolt is Φ 4.5@400~500, the heat-preserving wall area is 7.2m 2, the steel area that the unit area body of wall of a standard width of a room in an old-style house contains on vertical wall=(inside and outside socket part 0.385cm 2/ root * 4 piece+window crab-bolt 0.159cm 2/ root * 21 piece) ÷ wall area 7.2=0.678cm 2, increase coefficient of thermal conductivity=0.678 * 10 -4* 58.2 * 0.7=0.0027w/m.k, steel content is few on gable, it is very little to increase coefficient of thermal conductivity, get gable and be partial to safety with the correction factor that vertically wall is identical, EPS plate coefficient of thermal conductivity is 0.041w/m.k, but calculate and to get the insulation of EPS plate thin plastering its coefficient of thermal conductivity of 20% safety stock is arranged is 0.05w/m.k, then the revised coefficient of thermal conductivity of EPS plate equals=0.05+0.0027 ≌ 0.053w/m.k, approaching with the calculation of thermal conductivity 0.05w/m.k of EPS plate, and the present various heat insulation systems that can paste bonded floor surface, as glue powder polyphenyl particle, the coefficient of thermal conductivity of thermal insulation mortar etc. is not lower than 0.06w/m.k's, and do not have 20% safety stock, every square metre of insulation layer penetrates the area 0.678cm of steel in the calculating formula 2/ m 2, only be the area 7.4cm that the abdomen silk penetrates the saturating steel of shape steel wire net rack benzene plate 2/ m 21/11.When flexible compound heat-preserving wall window periphery is plank or plastic plate connection, the heat transfer that window perimeter steel crab-bolt increases can be disregarded, and socketing steel wire light face place diameter inside and outside supposing is Φ 2.5mm, spacing 250mm, every square metre has 4 at most and sockets steel wire outward, 7.2m in the last example on the window abutment wall body 2The steel area that the area body of wall passes=[inside and outside socket part 0.385cm 2Socket steel wire 3.142 ÷ 4 * 0.25 inside and outside the ÷ wall area 7.2+ of/root * 4 2Cm 2/ root * 4 piece]=0.41cm 2, the coefficient of thermal conductivity of increase=0.41 * 10 -4* 58.2 * 0.7=0.00167w/m.k, the revised coefficient of thermal conductivity of EPS plate equal=0.05+0.00167 ≌ 0.052w/m.k, and approaching with the calculation of thermal conductivity of EPS plate thin plastering insulation, heat insulation effect is better than the wooden construction filling insulating wall body, cost is minimum.

Claims (11)

1; a kind of binding composite heat preservation wall that support is arranged; it comprises basic unit's body of wall (1); concrete hanging top support member (2); insulation layer (3); wire lath (4); vertical reinforcement (5); the concrete component (10) of external protection (8) and major structure of construction; it is characterized in that the concrete component (10) of major structure of construction comprises the concrete collar tie beam of multi-story masonry structure; the concrete crossbeam; concrete post; concrete wall; concrete lintel; concrete foundation; the concrete balcony slab; the reveal concrete pilaster or the concrete window sill that are connected with flooring concrete up and down; the inner of concrete hanging top support member (2) is fixed on the inside of concrete component (10) of major structure of construction or the external surface fixedly connected with steel part; or be fixed in basic unit's body of wall (1) of bearing masonry; the outside of the concrete component (10) of basic unit's body of wall (1) and major structure of construction is provided with insulation layer (3); insulation layer (3) is fixed on basic unit's body of wall (1); the outside of insulation layer (3) is provided with vertical reinforcement (5); the outside of vertical reinforcement (5) or inboard are provided with wire lath (4); vertical reinforcement (5) is weldingly fixed on the pre-embedded steel slab of external end head of concrete hanging top support member (2); wire lath (4) is fixedlyed connected with vertical reinforcement (5), is provided with the external protection (8) of cement mortar or pea gravel concrete between the outside to the outside of vertical reinforcement (5) and wire lath (4) of insulation layer (3).
2, the binding composite heat preservation wall that support is arranged according to claim 1, it is characterized in that described insulation layer (3) is tabular heat insulating material, be expansion type polyphenyl plate, extrusion molding type polyphenyl plate, polyurethane sheet, mineral wool panels, phenolic foam plate, compressed straw slab, pearlite slab or the on-the-spot heat insulating material that in cavity, foams, be phenolic foam, polyurethane foam, urinary nitrogen and resin expanded heat insulating material, or graininess heat insulating material, i.e. perlite, granules of polystyrene, rice husk, sawdust.
3, the binding composite heat preservation wall that support is arranged according to claim 1, it is characterized in that described basic unit body of wall (1) for concrete, the masonry structure body of wall of load-bearing, nonweight-bearing lightweight masonry infilled wall or for steel wood, bamboo wood and with the fixing reinforcing bar of the concrete component (10) of major structure of construction on basic unit's body of wall of forming of the metal lath and plaster of colligation.
4, the binding composite heat preservation wall that support is arranged according to claim 1; it is characterized in that it sockets part (7) inside and outside also comprising; inside and outside socket part (7) the inner fixedly connected with the concrete component (10) of basic unit's body of wall (1) or major structure of construction, inside and outside socket part (7) the outer end in external protection (8), be connected and fixed with vertical reinforcement (5).
5, the binding composite heat preservation wall that support is arranged according to claim 4; it is characterized in that increase has horizontal cross reinforcing bar (6) in external protection (8), the pre-embedded steel slab of horizontal cross reinforcing bar (6) two ends and concrete hanging top support member (2) external end head sockets on the outer end of part (7) inside and outside welding or being fixed on.
6, the binding composite heat preservation wall that support is arranged according to claim 1, it is characterized in that it also includes the bloated nail of plastics (9) and the 3rd steel plate washer (30), the inner of the bloated nails of plastics (9) is fixed in basic unit's body of wall (1), fixedly warming plate is blocked in the outer end of the bloated nails of plastics (9), plastics expand nail (9) by plastic bar cover (9-1), plastic bar core (9-2) and the 3rd steel plate washer (30) are formed, the 3rd steel plate washer (30) is located on the external end head (9-3) of plastic bar core retainer plate (9-1), plastic bar core (9-2) passes the 3rd steel plate washer (30) and squeezes in the plastic bar cover (9-1), and insulation layer (3) is fixing with the bloated nails of plastics (9).
7, the binding composite heat preservation wall that support is arranged according to claim 1 or 5, side ring window reinforcing bar (27) and outer ring window reinforcing bar (44) in around it is characterized in that outside door and window mouth insulation layer there being increase, between bipassage ring window reinforcing bar, there is window stiffener (26) that bipassage ring window reinforcing bar is connected, window stiffener (26) is fixedlyed connected with horizontal cross reinforcing bar (6) with the vertical reinforcement (5) of window front body of wall, insulation layer (3) block door-window section bar and basic unit's body of wall (1) or with window on concrete beam, reveal concrete column (10-2), slit under the window between the concrete window sill (10-3), spend oblique and window periphery anchoring by anchoring piece (37) along 45 in the door and window mouth outside, the fixing interior side ring window reinforcing bar (27) of the 4th steel plate washer (33) and the 5th steel plate washer (34) is arranged between the insulation layer (3) around anchoring piece (37) and the window, or the plank of heat-insulating bridge-cut-off or plastic plate (34) are set with the column of angles (10-2) of anchoring piece (35) with basic unit's body of wall (1) or window periphery at door and window mouth periphery, angle steel window sill (10-3) anchoring, fixedly connected with plank or plastic plate (34) by anchoring piece (37) in the door and window mouth outside, between anchoring piece (37) and reveal insulation layer (3), have the 6th steel plate washer (41) fix in side ring window reinforcing bar (27).
8, according to claim 1 or the 7 described binding composite heat preservation walls that support is arranged, the thickness that it is characterized in that frame construction or steel building attenuate light-weight filled wall body basic unit's body of wall (1), reveal concrete pilaster or angle steel pilaster (10-2) are set, concrete window sill or angle steel window sill (10-3), fixedly connected with the concrete beam or the girder steel of major structure of construction in the upper end of reveal concrete pilaster or steel pilaster (10-2), fixedly connected with concrete floor in the lower end, fixedly connected with concrete pilaster or steel pilaster (10-2) in concrete window sill or angle steel window sill (10-3) two ends, indoor have the concrete column of horizontal reinforcement (32) and major structure of construction or reveal pilaster (10-2) is connected or the two ends of horizontal reinforcement (32) are connected with reveal pilaster (10-2), or indoorly there is vertical reinforcing bar (25) fixedly connected with up-down structure flooring concrete structure or between window sill (10-3) and concrete floor, be connected, basic unit's body of wall (1) of lightweight filling masonry abuts on indoor vertical reinforcing bar (25) or the horizontal reinforcement (32) builds by laying bricks or stones, there are drawknot distributing bar (28) two ends of perforation to fixedly connected with the concrete column of reveal concrete pilaster (10-2) and major structure of construction respectively in the masonry, or between two reveal concrete pilaster (10-2), connect, and on the drawknot distributing bar (28) that masonry connects, welding out bar dowel (29) perpendicular to metope, this bar dowel (29) is fixing with indoor vertical reinforcing bar (25) welding or fix with indoor horizontal reinforcing bar (32) welding.
9; according to claim 1 or the 8 described binding composite heat preservation walls that support is arranged; it is characterized in that in frame construction; use metal lath and plaster as basic unit's body of wall (1) in the steel building; the column of angles (10-2) is set at door and window mouth edge fixedlys connected with the concrete of flooring up and down of major structure of construction; the welding of angle steel window sill (10-3) two ends and the column of angles (10-2) is set; fixedly connected with horizontal reinforcement (32) between the column of angles (10-2) and the adjacent concrete post; it is fixedly connected between flooring concrete and angle steel window sill (10-3) indoor vertical reinforcing bar (25) to be set; by certain distance indoor vertical reinforcing bar (25) being set along the exterior wall periphery at blank wall places such as large-area gables fixedlys connected up and down with the flooring concrete; or the column of angles (10-2) is set at a certain distance along exterior wall edge and flooring concrete up and down; fixedlying connected with horizontal reinforcement (32) between the column of angles (10-2) or between concrete column and the column of angles (10-2); the 6th steel plate washer (41) hooks indoor vertical reinforcing bar (25) or horizontal reinforcement (32) and welding; socket steel wire (40) inside and outside being provided with; inside and outside socket steel wire (40) two ends and be with screw thread; at indoor the 6th steel plate washer (41) that passes; pass insulation layer (3) and outdoor second steel plate washer (7-5) again; two ends all use nut fixedly connected; inside and outside socket steel wire (40) outer end folding and be connected with outside wire lath (4) colligation for L shaped; go up the indoor wire lath of colligation (39) at indoor vertical reinforcing bar (25) or horizontal reinforcement (32); the outside of indoor wire lath (39) is to the indoor protection layer (43) that has cement mortar or pea gravel concrete to plaster between the insulation layer (3); the door and window mouth is pressed connection by the plank or the plastic plate 34 of heat-insulating bridge-cut-off; insulation layer 3 and peripheral major structure of construction; and the column of angles (10-2) and with angle steel window sill (10-3) between stick with glue the bonding integral body that becomes of polymer cement of agent preparation, formation flexible compound heat-preserving wall.
10, the binding composite heat preservation wall that support is arranged according to claim 1, the concrete component (10) that it is characterized in that major structure of construction is substituted by steel work or wooden construction, and concrete hanging top support member spare (2) is connected by steel plate, screw rod with major structure of construction.
11, the binding composite heat preservation wall that support is arranged according to claim 1 is characterized in that the support member that concrete hanging top support member (2) is moulded composite component by steel member, steel wood or steel substitutes.
CNB2006101532896A 2006-03-24 2006-09-19 Bound-type composite heat-insulation wall with support body CN100464043C (en)

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CN200610009862.6 2006-03-24
CN 200610009862 CN1827937A (en) 2006-03-24 2006-03-24 Binding type thermal-insulation composite wall with support
CNB2006101532896A CN100464043C (en) 2006-03-24 2006-09-19 Bound-type composite heat-insulation wall with support body

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNB2006101532896A CN100464043C (en) 2006-03-24 2006-09-19 Bound-type composite heat-insulation wall with support body
PCT/CN2007/000500 WO2007109965A1 (en) 2006-03-24 2007-02-13 A binding compound insulating exterior wall with a support

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WO2010081278A1 (en) * 2008-12-30 2010-07-22 哈尔滨吴淑环建设工程技术研究有限公司 Construction composite heat preservation member
WO2010105496A1 (en) * 2009-03-19 2010-09-23 哈尔滨吴淑环建设工程技术研究有限公司 External heat preservation composite wall of exterior wall with support
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WO2010081278A1 (en) * 2008-12-30 2010-07-22 哈尔滨吴淑环建设工程技术研究有限公司 Construction composite heat preservation member
WO2010105496A1 (en) * 2009-03-19 2010-09-23 哈尔滨吴淑环建设工程技术研究有限公司 External heat preservation composite wall of exterior wall with support
CN102080418A (en) * 2009-12-21 2011-06-01 吴淑环 Heat-shielding bridge cutoff structures of composite thermal-insulation wall door window opening
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US20140000204A1 (en) * 2011-03-08 2014-01-02 Harbin Wushuhuan Construction Engineering Technology Research Co., Ltd. Outer thermal insulating composite wall with supporters for outer walls
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CN102776977B (en) * 2012-06-18 2015-03-18 马赛英 Novel heat insulation, fire prevention and earthquake resistance integrated energy-saving wall block for building exterior wall
CN102776977A (en) * 2012-06-18 2012-11-14 马恒忠 Novel heat insulation, fire prevention and earthquake resistance integrated energy-saving wall block for building exterior wall
CN104420550A (en) * 2013-09-02 2015-03-18 吴淑环 Energy-saving heat insulation wall
CN103469905A (en) * 2013-09-03 2013-12-25 浙江绿建住宅科技有限公司 Heat-insulating wall
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CN105089164A (en) * 2014-05-23 2015-11-25 李天伶 Heat insulation outer wall construction method
CN105089164B (en) * 2014-05-23 2018-09-21 李天伶 Heat preserving exterior wall construction method
CN104389361A (en) * 2014-11-04 2015-03-04 华南理工大学 Damping filling wallboard for frame structure
CN105672535A (en) * 2016-03-23 2016-06-15 哈尔滨鸿盛房屋节能体系研发中心 Steel structure assembled type EPS (Electric Power Storage) module sandwiched heat-insulation composite wall body
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CN111441507A (en) * 2020-04-08 2020-07-24 无锡锡晟建设有限公司 Environment-friendly energy-saving connecting piece for composite external wall panel and use method thereof

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