CN102177821B - Three-dimensional greening device combined with functional baffle and method - Google Patents

Three-dimensional greening device combined with functional baffle and method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102177821B
CN102177821B CN2011100821870A CN201110082187A CN102177821B CN 102177821 B CN102177821 B CN 102177821B CN 2011100821870 A CN2011100821870 A CN 2011100821870A CN 201110082187 A CN201110082187 A CN 201110082187A CN 102177821 B CN102177821 B CN 102177821B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
support box
baffle plate
plant
vertical planting
function baffle
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Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN2011100821870A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102177821A (en
Inventor
王珂
石云兴
宋中南
张涛
戢文占
王宝华
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China State Construction Engineering Corp Ltd CSCEC
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China State Construction Engineering Corp Ltd CSCEC
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Priority to CN2011100821870A priority Critical patent/CN102177821B/en
Publication of CN102177821A publication Critical patent/CN102177821A/en
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Publication of CN102177821B publication Critical patent/CN102177821B/en
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24SSOLAR HEAT COLLECTORS; SOLAR HEAT SYSTEMS
    • F24S20/00Solar heat collectors specially adapted for particular uses or environments
    • F24S20/60Solar heat collectors integrated in fixed constructions, e.g. in buildings
    • F24S20/69Solar heat collectors integrated in fixed constructions, e.g. in buildings in the form of shingles or tiles
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/20Solar thermal
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy, e.g. solar towers

Abstract

The invention provides a three-dimensional greening device combined with a functional baffle and a method. In the device, a functional baffle and an expansion part for drawing the functional baffle are arranged inside a support box, and paving plants are fixed in front of the support box to form a three-dimensional greening unit; the three-dimensional greening units are horizontally and vertically arranged and fixed on the surface of a building, adjacent three-dimensional greening units are horizontally and closely arranged, a dip angle is formed between the vertical direction of the three-dimensional greening units and the surface of the building, and upper and lower three-dimensional greening units are obliquely and alternatively arranged; and when plants are subjected to too much insolation or the color of winter plants is not nice, expansion of the functional baffle is controlled through a controller, so that the functional baffle in the upper support box extends downwards to shade the paving plants in front of the lower support box. While protecting the plants from sunlight invasion and preventing winter plants from falling off to influence nice appearance, the three-dimensional greening device can absorb and utilize solar energy, save energy, and can be applied to roof, slopes and vertical walls of various buildings, and inherent planes, slopes and vertical sides in the nature.

Description

A kind of vertical planting device and method that combines the function baffle plate
Technical field
The present invention relates to the stereoscopic greening of buildings field, particularly a kind of vertical planting device and method.
Background technology
Vertical planting is to improve urban ecological environment, enriches the important and effective and efficient manner of urban afforestation view.Green plants can absorb noxious material, release of oxygen, minimizing dust, plays the purpose that purifies air.The development vertical planting can improve urban ecological environment, enriches the afforestation effect, reduce tropical island effect, absorb noise, reduce ultraviolet ray to the destruction on metope and roof, further improve urban green coverage rate.Existing vertical planting device mainly contains following several kinds:
Publication number is that the patent documentation of CN101158183A discloses a kind of " house plant wall "; Be through the multilayer support is set, under be furnished with water collector, and on support, place special flower pot; Not only occupied area is big for this greening mode; Need a large amount of load-bearing materials of cost, and special flower pot independently watered separately, install and management all inconvenient.
That publication number is that the patent documentation of CN2741348Y discloses is a kind of the modularization assembly wall hanging device of vertical greening " but be used for "; Adopt panel and container; Panel is provided with framework or the plate that bar or net or plate object form; Container is suspended on the panel successively, and the panel below is provided with the flowing grooves of catchmenting.The single container of this device is made trouble, on-the-spot difficult installation, and can not carry out the flowing water pouring.
Publication number is that the patent documentation of CN101213930A discloses a kind of vertical plane soilless culture device and plant wall preparation method, through wire netting matrix is fixed on metope, but wire netting influence is attractive in appearance, and causes water and soil loss when rewatering easily.
The complex structure of existing vertical planting device is various, but function is all comparatively single.Outside the plant of mating formation all is directly exposed to, be not directed against the safeguard measure of plant.Under the north or special climate condition, the Exposure to Sunlight in summer is very strong, and metope and roof temperature can reach 70 degree.Because the particularity of vertical planting, planting medium thickness is difficult to reach the heat radiation requirement, and plant is easy to sunburn or dries up.Under the cold climate, the forfeiture of vertical planting plant color, branches and leaves come off in the winter time, and it is attractive in appearance to influence building surface.Existing vertical planting device all can't solve above these two problems simultaneously.
The plant irrigation of vertical planting needs consume water and electric power; And existing vertical planting device combines less with energy utilization technology; Equipment such as the solar panels that install additional generally are installed on vertical planting device top, play effects such as illuminalive power-supply, are difficult to combine with the space structure of the plant of mating formation; Solar panels can't use in the building surface large tracts of land, and energy-saving effect is undesirable.
Summary of the invention
The present invention provides a kind of vertical planting device and method that combines the function baffle plate, and it is poor to solve existing vertical planting device weather resistance, and greening face can not get protection, and plant is prone to tanned severely, dry up summer, and can't adapt to the technical problem of low temperature environment winter; Solve also simultaneously that existing vertical planting device energy resource consumption is big, the technical problem of function singleness.
The technical solution adopted for the present invention to solve the technical problems is:
The vertical planting device of this combination function baffle plate; Comprise support box, the plant of mating formation, irrigation system and power system; Said support box is the uncovered rectangle rack body structure in bottom, is fixed on building surface by connector, and the plant of mating formation is fixed in the support box front; Support box inside be equipped with can be from support box bottom the uncovered function baffle plate that stretches out downwards, and the extensible member that is used for the traction function baffle plate;
Be assembled into the vertical planting unit by support box, the plant of mating formation, function baffle plate and extensible member; The vertical planting unit is horizontal, vertical one by one arranges and is fixed in building surface; Adjacent vertical planting unit transverse is closely arranged; The vertical planting unit is vertical to have an inclination angle with building surface, upper and lower vertical planting unit staggered the arranging of tilting, and the interior function baffle plate of upper bracket box can stretch out the plant of mating formation that covers lower carriage box front downwards.
Said function baffle plate is solar energy photoelectric conversion plate, solar energy optical-thermal change-over panel or common decoration type sheet material, and wherein the solar energy photoelectric conversion plate is connected with outside accumulator.
Said extensible member is installed on the support box internal upper part; Constitute by pull rope, rotating shaft and motor; The pull rope upper end is around in the rotating shaft, and the lower end is connected with the suspension ring at function baffle plate top, and rotating shaft is connected between the support box dual-side and by motor-driven rotates; Motor on each support box is connected with power system by power line, and is connected with controller by lead.
Said extensible member is installed on the support box internal upper part, is that expansion bracket is by motor-driven by the hinged expansion bracket that forms of rod member, and the motor on each support box is connected with power system by power line, and is connected with controller by lead.
The said vertical planting unit bottom of below that is positioned at is equipped with and is used for superfluous water is discharged the guiding gutter of collecting.
Said support box front is dull and stereotyped, is fixed with suspension member I on the flat board, and the plant of mating formation is fixed on earlier in the installing rack, is hung on the flat board again.
Said support box front is a rack; The plant of mating formation places in the installing rack, is hung on the rack by suspension member II again, and the installing rack bottom surface is dull and stereotyped or latticed; When the installing rack bottom surface is latticed; Be lined with one deck waterproof roll in the installing rack bottom surface, the plant of mating formation, waterproof roll and installing rack three are hung on the rack by suspension member II after being connected as one by iron wire again.
The structure of said irrigation system has following two kinds:
First kind of irrigation system comprises the feed pipe at support box top, the top, has irrigation hole on the feed pipe, and irrigation hole is relative with the plant of mating formation downwards, and feed pipe is connected with water supply plant;
Second kind of irrigation system comprises that level is installed on the subfeeder at each support box top, and the water main that is connected with each subfeeder, and water main is connected with water supply plant, has irrigation hole on the subfeeder, and irrigation hole is relative with the plant of mating formation downwards.
Said feed pipe or water main are connected with water pump with magnetic valve successively, and magnetic valve and water pump are also simultaneously parallelly connected with time control switch.
The method for stereo afforesting of this combination function baffle plate, at the inner installation function baffle plate of support box, and the extensible member that is used for the traction function baffle plate, the plant of will mating formation again is fixed in the support box front and constitutes the vertical planting unit;
Arrange and be fixed in building surface the vertical planting unit is horizontal, vertical one by one, adjacent vertical planting unit transverse is closely arranged, and the vertical planting unit is vertical to have an inclination angle with building surface, and upper and lower vertical planting unit tilts to interlock and arranges;
When Exposure to Sunlight is crossed strong or winter, the plant color was not attractive in appearance, through controller the flexible of function baffle plate controlled, make the function baffle plate in the upper bracket box stretch out the plant of mating formation that covers lower carriage box front downwards.
Beneficial effect of the present invention is following:
The present invention combines function baffle plate and vertical planting; When Exposure to Sunlight is crossed strong or winter, the plant color was not attractive in appearance; And other times that need utilize the function baffle plate to hide; Can carry out artificial or control automatically to function baffle plate flexible through the control system, the function baffle plate is stretched out in support box, the greening that shelters from the below plant of mating formation.Thereby the protection plant of mating formation, avoided because of Exposure to Sunlight cross strong or winter cold, the withered and yellow problem that plant dormancy causes.Simultaneously; Function baffle plate solar panels also capable of using carry out the photo-thermal conversion or the opto-electronic conversion of energy, and whole greening surface can become the function baffle-panels by greening face, thereby electric power and heat energy are carried out large tracts of land collection and utilization; And can utilize ancillary equipment such as accumulator; Water storage boxes etc. carry out collection, the utilization of energy through lead, water pipe etc., for motor, irrigation system etc. provides electric power, and can the energy storage of collecting be offered the building application.
The present invention avoids Exposure to Sunlight infringement at protective plant, avoid winter plant come off influence attractive in appearance in, can also absorb solar energy, energy savings.The present invention can adopt turf, all kinds of plants of container plantation, and the scope of vertical planting comprises the end face of all kinds of buildings, domatic, vertical wall, and the intrinsic plane of natural world, domatic and facade.
Description of drawings
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and embodiment the present invention is further specified.
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of vertical planting unit.
Fig. 2 is the sketch map after the function baffle plate stretches out support box downwards.
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of vertical planting unit combination up and down.
Fig. 4 is the whole structure figure (the function baffle plate does not stretch out support box) behind the vertical planting unit splicing.
Fig. 5 is the whole structure figure (the function baffle plate stretches out support box downwards) behind the vertical planting unit splicing.
Fig. 6 is the sketch map of extensible member and function baffle plate connected mode one.
Fig. 7 is the sketch map of extensible member and function baffle plate connected mode two.
Fig. 8 is the sketch map of plant connected mode one of mating formation.
Fig. 9 is the sketch map of plant connected mode two of mating formation.
Figure 10 is the control structure sketch map of irrigation system.
Reference numeral: 1-support box, 2-mat formation plant, 3-function baffle plate, 4-connector, 5-pull rope, 6-rotating shaft, 7-motor, 8-suspension ring, 9-guiding gutter, 10-flat board, 11-suspension member I, 12-installing rack, 13-rack, 14-suspension member II, 15-waterproof roll, 16-feed pipe, 17-magnetic valve, 18-water pump, 19-time control switch, 20-expansion bracket.
Embodiment
Embodiment is referring to Fig. 1~3, shown in Figure 6, and the vertical planting device of this combination function baffle plate comprises support box 1, mat formation plant 2, irrigation system and power system; Said support box 1 is the uncovered rectangle rack body structure in bottom; Support box 1 be framework or box-like all can, be fixed on building surface by connector 4, the plant 2 of mating formation is fixed in support box 1 front; Support box inside be equipped with can be from support box bottom the uncovered function baffle plate 3 that stretches out downwards, and the extensible member that is used for the traction function baffle plate; Said function baffle plate is solar energy photoelectric conversion plate, solar energy optical-thermal change-over panel or common decoration type sheet material.
Referring to Fig. 4, shown in Figure 5; Be assembled into the vertical planting unit by support box 1, the plant 2 of mating formation, function baffle plate 3 and extensible member; The vertical planting unit is horizontal, vertical one by one arranges and is fixed in building surface, and adjacent vertical planting unit transverse is closely arranged, and the vertical and building surface in vertical planting unit has an inclination angle; Upper and lower vertical planting unit tilts to interlock and arranges, and the function baffle plate 3 in the upper bracket box can stretch out the plant 2 of mating formation that covers lower carriage box front downwards.Being positioned at the vertical planting unit bottom of below is equipped with and is used for superfluous water is discharged the guiding gutter of collecting 9.
Referring to shown in Figure 6; Said extensible member is installed on support box 1 internal upper part, is made up of pull rope 5, rotating shaft 6 and motor 7, and pull rope 5 upper ends are around in the rotating shaft 6; The lower end is connected with the suspension ring 8 at function baffle plate 3 tops; Rotating shaft 6 is connected between support box 1 dual-side and by motor 7 driven in rotation, the motor 7 on each support box 1 is connected with power system by power line, and is connected with controller by lead.
Referring to shown in Figure 7, said extensible member is installed on support box 1 internal upper part, is the expansion bracket 20 that is become by the rod member cross-articulation.Expansion bracket is flexible up and down by motor-driven, and the motor on each support box is connected with power system by power line, and is connected with controller by lead.
Except that above dual mode, extensible member also can adopt other structures to drive the function baffle plate and move up and down.
Referring to shown in Figure 8; Said support box 1 front is a rack 13, and the plant 2 of mating formation places in the installing rack 12, is hung on the rack 13 by suspension member II14 again; The installing rack bottom surface is latticed; Be lined with one deck waterproof roll 15 in installing rack 12 bottom surfaces, after the plant 2 of mating formation, waterproof roll 15 and installing rack 12 threes are connected as one by iron wire, be hung on the rack 13 by suspension member II14 again.
Referring to shown in Figure 9, said support box 1 front is a flat board 10, is fixed with suspension member I11 on the flat board, and the plant 2 of mating formation is fixed on earlier in the installing rack 12, is hung on dull and stereotyped 10 again.
Except that above dual mode, the connection of plant 2 on support box of mating formation also can be adopted the plant of other wall greenings mode of mating formation.
Power system is accumulator or municipal power supply circuits.When the function baffle plate adopts the solar energy photoelectric conversion plate, can the solar energy photoelectric conversion plate be connected with accumulator by power line.
The structure of irrigation system can adopt following two kinds, also can adopt other pouring modes.
First kind of irrigation system comprises the feed pipe 16 at the top support box 1 top, has irrigation hole on the feed pipe, and irrigation hole is relative with the plant 2 of mating formation downwards, and feed pipe is connected with water supply plant.
Second kind of irrigation system comprises that level is installed on the subfeeder at each support box 1 top, and the water main that is connected with each subfeeder, and water main is connected with water supply plant, has irrigation hole on the subfeeder, and irrigation hole is relative with the plant of mating formation downwards.
Referring to shown in Figure 10, said feed pipe 8 or water main are connected with water pump 18 with magnetic valve 17 successively, and magnetic valve and water pump are also simultaneously parallelly connected with time control switch 19.The present invention also can adopt other modes to irrigate control.
The method for stereo afforesting of this combination function baffle plate, at support box 1 inner installation function baffle plate 3, and the extensible member that is used for traction function baffle plate 3, the plant 2 of will mating formation again is fixed in support box 1 front and constitutes the vertical planting unit;
Arrange and be fixed in building surface the vertical planting unit is horizontal, vertical one by one, adjacent vertical planting unit transverse is closely arranged, and the vertical planting unit is vertical to have an inclination angle with building surface, and upper and lower vertical planting unit tilts to interlock and arranges;
When Exposure to Sunlight is crossed strong or winter, the plant color was not attractive in appearance, through controller the flexible of function baffle plate 3 controlled, make the function baffle plate 3 in the upper bracket box stretch out the plant 2 of mating formation that covers lower carriage box front downwards.

Claims (8)

1. vertical planting device that combines the function baffle plate; Comprise support box (1), the plant of mating formation (2), irrigation system and power system; It is characterized in that: said support box (1) is the uncovered rectangle rack body structure in bottom, is fixed on building surface by connector (4), and the plant of mating formation (2) is fixed in support box (1) front; Support box inside be equipped with can be from support box bottom the uncovered function baffle plate (3) that stretches out downwards, and the extensible member that is used for the traction function baffle plate;
Be assembled into the vertical planting unit by support box (1), the plant of mating formation (2), function baffle plate (3) and extensible member; The vertical planting unit is horizontal, vertical one by one arranges and is fixed in building surface; Adjacent vertical planting unit transverse is closely arranged; The vertical planting unit is vertical to have an inclination angle with building surface, upper and lower vertical planting unit staggered the arranging of tilting, and the interior function baffle plate (3) of upper bracket box can stretch out the plant of mating formation (2) that covers lower carriage box front downwards; Said function baffle plate (3) is solar energy photoelectric conversion plate, solar energy optical-thermal change-over panel or common decoration type sheet material, and wherein the solar energy photoelectric conversion plate is connected with outside accumulator; Being positioned at the most said vertical planting unit bottom of below is equipped with and is used for superfluous water is discharged the guiding gutter of collecting (9).
2. the vertical planting device of combination function baffle plate according to claim 1; It is characterized in that: said extensible member is installed on support box (1) internal upper part; Constitute by pull rope (5), rotating shaft (6) and motor (7); Pull rope (5) upper end is around in the rotating shaft (6), and the lower end is connected with the suspension ring (8) at function baffle plate (3) top, and rotating shaft (6) is connected between support box (1) dual-side and by motor (7) driven in rotation; Motor on each support box (7) is connected with power system by power line, and is connected with controller by lead.
3. the vertical planting device of combination function baffle plate according to claim 1; It is characterized in that: said extensible member is installed on support box (1) internal upper part; Be by the hinged expansion bracket that forms of rod member; Expansion bracket is by motor-driven, and the motor on each support box is connected with power system by power line, and is connected with controller by lead.
4. the vertical planting device of combination function baffle plate according to claim 1; It is characterized in that: said support box (1) front is dull and stereotyped (10); Be fixed with suspension member I (11) on the flat board, the plant of mating formation (2) is fixed on earlier in the installing rack (12), is hung on the flat board (10) again.
5. the vertical planting device of combination function baffle plate according to claim 1; It is characterized in that: said support box (1) front is rack (13); The plant (2) of mating formation places in the installing rack (12), is hung on the rack (13) by suspension member II (14) again, and the installing rack bottom surface is dull and stereotyped or latticed; When installing rack (12) bottom surface is latticed; Be lined with one deck waterproof roll (15) in installing rack (12) bottom surface, after the plant of mating formation (2), waterproof roll (15) and installing rack (12) three are connected as one by iron wire, be hung on the rack (13) by suspension member II (14) again.
6. the vertical planting device of combination function baffle plate according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the structure of said irrigation system has following two kinds:
First kind of irrigation system comprises the feed pipe (16) at the top support box (1) top, has irrigation hole on the feed pipe, and irrigation hole is relative with the plant (2) of mating formation downwards, and feed pipe is connected with water supply plant;
Second kind of irrigation system comprises that level is installed on the subfeeder at each support box (1) top, and the water main that is connected with each subfeeder, and water main is connected with water supply plant, has irrigation hole on the subfeeder, and irrigation hole is relative with the plant of mating formation downwards.
7. the vertical planting device of combination function baffle plate according to claim 6; It is characterized in that: said feed pipe (16) or water main are connected with water pump (18) with magnetic valve (17) successively, and magnetic valve and water pump are also simultaneously parallelly connected with time control switch (19).
8. method for stereo afforesting that adopts any device of claim 1~7 is characterized in that:
At the inner installation function baffle plate of support box (1) (3), and the extensible member that is used for traction function baffle plate (3), the plant (2) of will mating formation again is fixed in support box (1) front and constitutes the vertical planting unit;
Arrange and be fixed in building surface the vertical planting unit is horizontal, vertical one by one, adjacent vertical planting unit transverse is closely arranged, and the vertical planting unit is vertical to have an inclination angle with building surface, and upper and lower vertical planting unit tilts to interlock and arranges;
When Exposure to Sunlight is crossed strong or winter, the plant color was not attractive in appearance,, make the function baffle plate (3) in the upper bracket box stretch out the plant of mating formation (2) that covers lower carriage box front downwards through flexible control of controller to function baffle plate (3).
CN2011100821870A 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 Three-dimensional greening device combined with functional baffle and method Expired - Fee Related CN102177821B (en)

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CN102754571A (en) * 2012-08-08 2012-10-31 上海龙人石业装饰有限公司 Vine vertical greening progressively-rising type quick shading structure
CN103026889A (en) * 2013-01-08 2013-04-10 严斯文 Method for planting grass sod on wall
CN104756793A (en) * 2015-05-06 2015-07-08 苏州翔天装饰设计有限公司 Multifunctional solar plant wall
CN105003033B (en) * 2015-07-20 2017-03-08 山东建筑大学 A kind of rotating type stereo afforests photovoltaic sun plate
CN106702923A (en) * 2016-11-18 2017-05-24 江苏花王园艺股份有限公司 Ecological road and bridge protecting and greening device
CN107047115B (en) * 2017-06-10 2019-12-10 绿地集团森茂园林有限公司 Vertical wall greening system
CN107318503A (en) * 2017-07-01 2017-11-07 何烜烽 The gear liquid component and its application method of multifunctional flowerpot
CN108029390A (en) * 2018-01-09 2018-05-15 华南理工大学 A kind of Intelligent vertical afforestation ecological solar protection devices of Driven by Solar Energy
CN110670552B (en) * 2019-09-30 2021-11-12 深圳春沐源控股有限公司 Water retaining building and control method
CN110670551A (en) * 2019-09-30 2020-01-10 深圳春沐源控股有限公司 Water supply building

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CN2361618Y (en) * 1999-03-11 2000-02-02 盛广 Three-dimensional ecological greening device for buildings
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