CN101844144B - Method and apparatus for totally-closed garbage emission and transmission atomization and comprehensive utilization - Google Patents

Method and apparatus for totally-closed garbage emission and transmission atomization and comprehensive utilization Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101844144B
CN101844144B CN200910106173.0A CN200910106173A CN101844144B CN 101844144 B CN101844144 B CN 101844144B CN 200910106173 A CN200910106173 A CN 200910106173A CN 101844144 B CN101844144 B CN 101844144B
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China
Prior art keywords
rubbish
garbage
dustbin
slurry
utilizing
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CN200910106173.0A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN101844144A (en
Inventor
邱泽国
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邱泽国
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Priority to CN200910106173.0A priority Critical patent/CN101844144B/en
Priority claimed from US12/504,657 external-priority patent/US8801930B2/en
Publication of CN101844144A publication Critical patent/CN101844144A/en
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Publication of CN101844144B publication Critical patent/CN101844144B/en

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B09DISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE; RECLAMATION OF CONTAMINATED SOIL
    • B09BDISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE
    • B09B3/00Destroying solid waste or transforming solid waste or contaminated solids into something useful or harmless
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C25/00Control arrangements specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/0084Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments specially adapted for disintegrating garbage, waste or sewage
    • B02C18/0092Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments specially adapted for disintegrating garbage, waste or sewage for waste water or for garbage
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/16Details
    • B02C18/18Knives; Mountings thereof
    • B02C18/182Disc-shaped knives
    • B02C18/184Disc-shaped knives with peripherally arranged demountable cutting tips or elements
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05FORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C, e.g. FERTILISERS FROM WASTE OR REFUSE
    • C05F7/00Fertilisers from waste water, sewage sludge, sea slime, ooze or similar masses
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05FORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C, e.g. FERTILISERS FROM WASTE OR REFUSE
    • C05F9/00Fertilisers from household or town refuse
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/16Details
    • B02C2018/164Prevention of jamming and/or overload
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F11/00Treatment of sludge; Devices therefor
    • C02F11/12Treatment of sludge; Devices therefor by de-watering, drying or thickening
    • C02F11/121Treatment of sludge; Devices therefor by de-watering, drying or thickening by mechanical de-watering
    • Y02A40/213
    • Y02A40/214
    • Y02E50/343
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P20/00Technologies relating to chemical industry
    • Y02P20/10Process efficiency
    • Y02P20/133Renewable energy sources, e.g. sunlight
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P20/00Technologies relating to chemical industry
    • Y02P20/141Feedstock
    • Y02P20/145Feedstock the feedstock being materials of biological origin
    • Y02W30/47

Abstract

The invention relates to a method and an apparatus for totally-closed garbage emission and transmission atomization and comprehensive utilization, in particular to the field of a method, an apparatus, a container and a facility for realizing the automation of totally-closed garbage emission, collection, concentration and transportation, no bag and comprehensive utilization. The method comprises the following steps: pulping the garbage thrown into a can with water in a certain proportion by utilizing an auto pulping liquid-state garbage can 1-2; collecting the pulped garbage into a concentrating pool 4 by utilizing a pipeline 3; transmitting the pulped garbage to a feeding farm 6 and a methane fermenting pool 7 by utilizing a water pump 5a and a carrier vehicle 5b; utilizing a purification workshop 4 and a methane recovering pipeline 9 to recover the methane; utilizing a disinfection workshop 10 and a biogas dreg dewatering device 11 to prepare the biogas dregs into organic fertilizer and fuel and discharge to be discharging into a crop irrigation and drainage land 12; purifying the sewage by utilizing a purification workshop 13 and discharging the purified sewage water; and systematically blending by utilizing a control center 14. Therefore, the invention realizes automation for totally-closed garbage emission, collection, concentration and transportation and comprehensive cyclic utilization of the garbage, and thoroughly eliminates garbage pollution caused by high polymer materials such as plastic and the like.

Description

Totally-closed garbage emission is carried the method and apparatus of automation and comprehensive utilization

1, invention field

The present invention relates to totally enclosed type city, cottar and unit life, produce new method and mechanical device, container and the facility of garbage emission, cleaning, collection, transport automation, nothing bagization and comprehensive utilization.

2, background of invention

Along with the quickening of expanding economy, urbanization process and the raising of living standards of the people, the discharge capacity of rubbish increases sharply.The whole world increases 10,000,000,000 tons, rubbish every year newly, and rubbish overflows.Up to the present, the collection of the rubbish in each city, the world, main polybag and other high-molecular organic materials of adopting of packaging, then by artificial periodic cleaning, packaging, collect, collective conveyance, the modes such as vehicle transhipment, although favourable health to a certain extent, but expending a large amount of manpowers, the energy and efficient resource, the rubbish of for example every family and the dustbin in street will lean on artificial timing cleaning, the collection place of taking appointment after rubbish packaging to, much time power, produce the nondecomposable high-molecular organic material of biology that a large amount of packaging material by rubbish form pollutes simultaneously.Because the ageing-resistant and anti-natural decomposition of plastics is very competent, in natural environment, be difficult to decompose, this part refuse enters from then forming than the even more serious pollution of rubbish itself.In fact the rubbish major part that most of mankind produce and life produces itself is biological decomposable organic matter, due to the application of plastic product in modern age, the high-molecular organic materials such as plastics cause the pollution of the macromolecular materials such as plastics in modern age to increase sharply to the mankind's production, life when bringing convenience.The biological undecomposable refuses such as the high-molecular organic material producing after using in fact producing, living generally can be reclaimed and be recycled by classification., because the packaging of the high-molecular organic material that uses biology such as plastics to be difficult to decompose by production, house refuse etc. mixed with rubbish, make production, the house refuse complicated component that itself can decompose.The biological rubbish that can decompose is all often perishable, easily smelly, use the macromolecular materials such as plastics to pack rubbish, although temporarily eliminate the pollution that the rubbish of human being's production, life generation forms environment, therefore it also produce many discarded high-molecular organic materials with pollutant.After the perishables such as this part material and house refuse mix, be not easy classification, be not easy to decompose, process and produce difficulty, value is low, thereby forms serious secondary pollution.It is in fact to have eliminated from the teeth outwards the pollution of house refuse to city and residence that countries in the world mainly adopt the collection method of bagged garbage, it is exactly the transfer of pollutant, this class rubbish is not digested by nature, the macromolecular material that is difficult to degraded due to biologies such as used a large amount of plastics causes such refuse pollution long-term existence and constantly accumulation in environment as packaging, increases the weight of the pollution of natural environment.Make the natural environment severe contamination that human lives relies on and can't bear the heavy load.

At present, the main method that solves this class garbage problem can only be that rubbish is subtracted to appearance, decrement and limited resource, energy and harmless treatment.Mainly contain at present landfill, compost and three kinds of methods of burning disposal.In fact except small part compost, transfer or conversion that other most of methods are pollution sources form, fundamentally do not utterly destroy such pollution.The landfill of rubbish is the transfer of pollutant, garbage loading embeading is processed to have buried on the one hand and can be utilized thing, and landfill place land occupation on the other hand, due to the particular/special requirement in landfill place, the selection in place is more and more difficult, and the expenses such as transport, landfill, management also improve constantly.Landfill yard floor space is large, there is serious secondary pollution simultaneously, for example rubbish diffusate meeting polluted underground water and soil, the foul smell that dumping produces has a strong impact on the air quality of place periphery, in addition, the methane gas that rubbish fermentation produces is fire and hidden peril of explosion, is discharged into and in atmosphere, can produces again greenhouse effects.And landfill yard disposal ability is limited, after taking up one's indentures, still need the landfill yard that investment construction is new, further land occupation resource.Compost treatment can not be processed not putrescible organic matter and inorganic matter, forming the waste polymer materials such as a large amount of plastics can not be decomposed by microorganism due to the bagging of rubbish, out, otherwise processed, therefore subtracts appearance, decrement and innoxious degree low to the necessary go-no-go of these discarded objects; The compost cycle is long, and floor space is large, and sanitary condition is poor; The fertilizer efficiency that produces after compost treatment is low, cost is high, with chemical fertilizer than sales difficulty, deficiency in economic performance.Burning disposal there are certain requirements rubbish Lower heat value, and not any rubbish can burn.In rubbish, available resources is destroyed, and is a kind of processing method of wasting resource, even if reclaim the object that heat energy also can only be accomplished the disposable regeneration of refuse, cannot realize the recycled for multiple times of resource.Burn a large amount of flue gases that produce, the heat energy of taking away is again that the flue gas of a kind of very large loss, generation must purify, and purification techniques difficulty is large, operating cost is high.Burning the residue producing also must digestion.Further, burning facility one-time investment is large, and operating cost is high.

Retrieve and international monopoly retrieval by Chinese patent, have at present many patented technologies to propose diverse ways to the processing of rubbish.But most of patents are to be all based upon in the collection and transport present situation basis of current rubbish.Existing kitchen, food refuse disposer (for example patent No. 03227859.4,01126974X, US7360729, US7337996, the United States Patent (USP)s such as US6007006 and the patent No. are 200520060921.3,200420080885.2,9622682.8,025406.7,0228364.7 Chinese patent such as grade) propose be mostly mounted under vegetable sink, prevent that rubbish from stopping up sewer etc. for object, simply, or just for the convenience of discharging pours or enter sewer simply food wastes chopping water.Such one is the waste that causes part available resources, manufactures new pollution sources simultaneously, increases municipal sewage load and waste water source.In addition, use inconveniently, because first rubbish manually will be cut littlely, then send into machine mouth, the effort of taking a lot of work, particularly runs into the easy card machine of thing firmly such as bone.US Patent No. 7108788 proposes at the scene to mix and then to carry out the in-situ processing that on-the-spot solid, liquid separation of produced biogas, discharge of wastewater enters sewer with sanitary wastewater and utilize rubbish method little rubbish from cooking mill, and its floor space is large, complex technical process, operating cost are high, family and factory are difficult to hold, are not easy the shortcoming such as enforcement and increase municipal sewage treatment load.Britain has people to propose to adopt vacuum pipe sucking method discharge rubbish, rubbish is put into the object that is then completed conveying in the container of appointment by vacuum pipe, but it does not still get rid of the process by labor cleaning's dustbin and packaging, and operating cost is high, and pipeline easily stops up.

So, whether we can realize as long as the dustbin that rubbish is thrown into family and factory just can complete whole Automatic clearance, collect, conveying and discharge process and do not take artificial completely? how to change the garbage emission of current use, collect, the conventional method of transport, realize garbage emission automation, without bagization, eliminate due to human being's production, the biology that life produces can be degraded, perishable, when the pollution of easy smelly rubbish, reach and make to produce, the cleaning of house refuse, discharge, concentrate, transport automation, get rid of pollution and waste that high-molecular organic material produces completely.Surmount the Traditional Method that rubbish shifts, controls and destroy rubbish, effective measures are provided, both facilitated the mankind's production, life, can scientifically process again, utilize rubbish and obtain certain benefit just becomes main purpose of the present invention.

3, summary of the invention

Patent of the present invention provides a kind of totally enclosed garbage-cleaning, discharge, collection, concentrates and transport the new method of automation and comprehensive utilization and realizes mechanical device (multi-functional mechanical making beating dustbin) and the facility of the inventive method.The particular content of patent of the present invention is exactly the making beating dustbin of rubbish directly being thrown into rubbish the present invention design, wait accumulate a certain amount of after, make its liquid slurry possess mobility according to the water making beating of certain ratio in rubbish by the multi-functional mechanical dustbin of pulling an oar, utilize pipeline to complete discharge, the object of carrying, thereby change traditional garbage emission at present, collect, transport and storage mode, fundamentally eliminating the high-molecular organic material bagged garbages such as plastics, reach totally enclosed garbage-cleaning, collect, thereby concentrate and the basis of transport automation on realize comprehensive cyclic utilization and thoroughly eliminate the object of refuse pollution.

In fact, the rubbish major part that human lives, production produce is biodegradable organic matter, and they can and recycle by biodegradation.Thereby problem be for the facility of human being's production, life and refuse collection, the convenience transporting and deposit use in a large number high-molecular organic material that the biologies such as plastics cannot degrade to rubbish pack cause rubbish lose can value or increase recycle utilization difficulty and biological decomposition difficulty produce new secondary pollution.

Urban family domestic and produce rubbish main component and can be divided into biology can degrade two kinds, rubbish and biological non-degradable rubbish, the biological rubbish that can degrade generally has vegetables leftover bits and pieces, bone, food waste, paper, wood, grass, yarn fabric etc., and biological non-degradable rubbish is generally glass, metal, rubber and plastics etc.In biological non-degradable rubbish, most of material can recycle by classification.Normal life, to produce rubbish conventionally moisture at 50%---80%.The liquid mixture of general moisture more than 80% fine particle all has mobility.Therefore, the present invention is on the basis of refuse classification, biodegradable solid refuse is carried out to beating liquefied or fluidisation according to certain moisture ratio, by being located at family, the full-automatic beating liquefied in factory and street or fluidisation dustbin, by human being's production, the water content according to a certain percentage of the degradable solid refuse of organic-biological that life produces transforms into can flowing liquid or the rubbish slurry such as fluid, adopt pipeline, water pump pressurization and tank car etc. complete the discharge to full-closed garbage, collect, storage and conveying, first realize garbage emission without bag, automation.Eliminate so the biological nondegradable high-molecular organic materials such as plastics from source by producing and the approach inflow natural environment such as the packaging of house refuse pollutes, obtain the liquid rubbish slurry that composition is single, can value high simultaneously and recycle, make street, household and factory's life, produce the solid garbage as resource forming.Thereby reach the object of garbage as resource, sustainable development and comprehensive utilization.

Specific embodiments and the technological process of this patent are:

1, the multi-functional mechanical making beating dustbin of the rubbish of producing, life produces directly being put into the present invention design is deposited, wait accumulate a certain amount of after, by dustbin automatically according to certain moisture ratio solid refuse beating liq or fluidisation.

2, by pipeline, the rubbish slurry after liquid state or fluidisation is transported to oxidation centralized pool.

3,, according to composition and the value of rubbish slurry, be delivered to water pump or liquid transporting handlebar fluidization or fluidisation rubbish slurry:

A, plant, be used as animal feed after sterilization.B, methane fermentation pond produce methane (biogas).

4, the methane (biogas) producing becomes fuel equal energy source through Purge gas such as desulfurization, removing carbon dioxides.

5, the product natural pond liquid that methane (biogas) forms after producing:

After a, sterilization, be used for agricultural irrigation as organic fertilizer.B, further dehydration become natural pond slag.

6, slag dehydration product in natural pond is processed into:

A, organic fertilizer.Fuel is produced in b, charing.

7, the waste water after methane (biogas) production:

A, sterilization after for agricultural irrigation.Discharge after b, purification.

8, whole flow process realizes online system automation management and the resource rational allocation of reaching by district management center.

The rubbish beating liquefied that patent of the present invention provides or fluidisation device are the multi-functional mechanical making beating dustbins that a kind of double automation function, mechanical function and container function are integrated.This dustbin is mainly by 201 stavings, waste deposit chamber and host housing, 202 automated cleaning spray apertures, 203 safe power-off and induction device for releasing closures, 204 center-control key plates and even machine information exchange termination system, 205 time switches, 206 top covers, 207 automatic water inlet valves, 208 rotating blades, the mill of 209 band radiation sawtooth and sawtooth hole, 210 water pump supercharging leaf slurries, 211 barrels of walls and attached sound insulating material thereon, 212 gravity piezoelectricity water yield automatic mixing systems, 213 pedal-opened cover devices, 214 reduce noise, damper, 215 drive motors and rotation direction, 216 self-draining valves, 217 spiral rubbish slurry Lower Holds, 218 plow-shape barrier plates, crescent moon blade, electric heater and anti-sticking machine, 219 upper strata blades and blade composition.

Its function is mainly rubbish slurry automatic-discharging and the conveying of depositing rubbish, making beating and realization.Its groundwork principle be producing, the rubbish such as vegetables leftover bits and pieces, rhizome, bone, fruit stone, food waste, grass, branch, fiber, cloth that life produces directly drop into multi-functional mechanical making beating dustbin, wait accumulate a certain amount of after, start automatic water inlet valve by gravity pressure electric inductor and center-control key plate according to the ratio of setting and add a certain proportion of water, object is to reduce waste, the reduction municipal sewage load of water resource and improves the concentration of rubbish slurries.Then when the rotation of starter motor band cutter is cut rubbish, form powerful centrifugal force bone, the solid refuse band that the hardness such as rhizome are large and individuality is large is to plow-shape barrier plate, crescent moon blade, in further cutting, the solid refuse large hardness such as bone is stuck in to plow-shape barrier plate, between crescent moon blade and band radiation sawtooth and the mill of sawtooth hole, form downward pressure, carry out grinding by the band radiation sawtooth of rotation and the mill of sawtooth hole and form rubbish slurry, elasticity and motor direction of rotation by regulating plough form drag baffle plate reach the effect that prevents card machine and automatically get rid of card machine, under the pressure-driven that the waste liquid slurry forming forms at water pump supercharging leaf oar, enter the sawtooth hole at the mill edge that is provided with radiation sawtooth, rubbish fibers etc. are by being arranged on the mill of radiation sawtooth and sawtooth hole, under blade enter one and shear and form rubbish slurry and enter spiral rubbish slurry Lower Hold, then start self-draining valve by center-control key plate, rubbish slurry enters discharge tube under the driving of water pump supercharging leaf slurry.In order to reach automatically, safety, clean and object easily, multi-functional mechanical making beating dustbin of the present invention is provided with automated cleaning spray apertures, safe power-off and induction device for releasing closures, top cover, pedal-opened cover device, center-control key plate, time switch.For the smoothness of rubbish slurry discharge and the reasonability of making beating dustbin overall space layout, the present invention designs spiral bottom rubbish slurries storehouse.

In order to reduce the noise of generation, on this multi-functional mechanical making beating dustbin bucket wall, have sound insulating material and reduce noise, damper.In order to adapt to outdoor and cold district use, multi-functional mechanical making beating dustbin of the present invention is provided with automatic heating system.For system and district management with concentrate allotment, multi-functional mechanical making beating dustbin of the present invention is provided with automatically, start by set date system and on-line information exchange system.

Arrive oxidation centralized pool through the fluidised rubbish slurry of multi-functional mechanical making beating dustbin by pipe influx, the composition then starched according to rubbish by water pump or liquid transport, can value differently with the place of separate house, residential block, factory be transported to relevant treatment facility below and process respectively.

Enter the protein production of aquaculture and recycle as feed after sterilization for organic food rubbish slurry.

Carry out the production of methane to not having the rubbish slurry of feed value to be sent to methane-generating pit, in eliminating greenhouse gases, produce effective available energy.Natural pond slag adopts gravity dehydration, dry, production organic fertilizer.Also can further process, carbonization becomes the fuel such as organic carbon.The waste water of discharging directly discharges as agricultural irrigation or employing active carbon purifying after can sterilizing.Gravity dehydration device provided by the invention is connected with the arc-shaped device of wire netting, support manufacture with filtering material by polylith filter cloth to be constructed the large cylindrical and the collecting-tank that become and forms.Natural pond slag is poured in Cylinder with water pump, utilize gravity by filter cloth and filtering material natural filtration, compacting and natural drying.Then, disassemble the arc-shaped device that filter cloth and filtering material and wire netting, support manufacture and take out the natural pond slag after dehydration, dryly become fertilizer or charing becomes fuel.This gravity dehydration apparatus structure is simple, easy to use, operating cost is low and less engineering investment.

The facility fully utilizing in technological process and apparatus key element can independently combine the different service conditions that provide to adapt to separate house, residential block, street, factory, business and different population collections according to composition, purposes and the place of rubbish slurry.

Rubbish for independent residential building and the rarer residential quarter of population can directly enter small house biogas production pond after beating liquefied, and liquid fertilizer as garden, park and road meadow, flowers and trees after sterilization in natural pond is irrigated.

The technical benefits that patent of the present invention reaches is:

A, directly by large-scale melon, really, the rubbish such as bone, fruit stone drops into dustbin, wait accumulate a certain amount of after, automatically complete beating liquefied under certain moisture ratio by multi-functional mechanical making beating dustbin, enter outdoor centralized pool by pipeline automatic-discharging, complete refuse collection, thoroughly get rid of refuse bag packaging and artificially collect process, realizing the whole automations of cleaning, collection, transport and storage, totally-enclosed of urban solid garbage.In clean hygiene, significantly reduce cost of labor, person easy to use.Meanwhile realize the recycling of rubbish, therefrom obtained social influence, environmental benefit and economic benefit.

B, the automatic rubbish beating liq method of water distribution in proportion of realization are added appropriate water, prevent water waste and are increased municipal sewage load under certain proportion, and saving water resource, reduces discharge of wastewater.Therefore the method that this patent provides can be used in the area of lack of water equally, and can not increase the load of urban water supply and waste water.

C, by information interchange terminal and the production management of management system feasible region.Pass through the rational allocation of the information exchange feasible region production capacity of information interchange terminal system and central control system and administrative center according to the disposal ability of digestion facility.

D, automatic heating system is set, adapts to outdoorly, under the environment such as indoor and Different climate, temperature and season, work.

The rubbish biological of e, collection is can decomposing organic matter component content high, and purity is high, can value high.

F, collection and transport, at the bottom of cost, convenient, easily implement, energy-conservation.

G, pipeline conveying garbage closure can not brought appearance of the city pollution, its good airproof performance because of rushing down to leak by force, odorless, tasteless, be difficult for being invaded by the animal such as mouse, cockroach and cause diffusion and the propagation of disease, reducing because collection and the transport of rubbish cause traffic congestion simultaneously.

H, get rid of the high-molecular organic materials such as plastics completely and enter rubbish with approach such as packaging material, thoroughly eliminate the pollution that high-molecular organic material produces environment.Make component of refuse reach the single decomposable organic liquid of biology, can completely naturally digest and purify under field conditions (factors).

4, brief description of the drawings

Fig. 1 is rubbish liquefaction or fluidisation and rubbish comprehensive utilization flow chart.In figure, 1 is provided in a side of the multi-functional mechanical making beating dustbin of family and factory.2 are provided in a side of the multi-functional mechanical making beating dustbin on street.The 3rd, connect the full-automatic rubbish liquefaction in family, factory and street or the pipeline of fluidisation dustbin.4, be aerobic and liquefaction or fluidisation refuse collection, concentrate groove.5a is water pump.5b is the poor car of transport.The 6th, feed lot.The 7th, anaerobic methane (methane) fermentation vat.The 8th, biogas (methane) desulfurization, carbon dioxide removal cleaning shop.The 9th, biogas (methane) recovery channel.The 10th, between methane-generating pit product disinfecting car.The 11st, gravity dewatering apparatus.The 12nd, crops irrigation and drainage ground.The 13rd, sewage treatment plant.The 14th, administrative center.

Fig. 2 is the structure chart of multi-functional mechanical making beating dustbin.201 stavings, waste deposit chamber and host housing in figure.The 202nd, automatic cleaning, spray apertures.The 203rd, safe power-off and induction device for releasing closures.204 center-control key plate and information interchange terminals.205 start by set date switches.206 top covers.207 automatic water inlet valves.Rotating blade on 208 mills.The mill of 209 band radiation sawtooth and sawtooth hole.210 water pump supercharging leaf slurries.211 barrels of walls and attached sound insulating material thereon.212 gravity piezoelectricity water yield automatic mixing systems.213 pedal-opened cover devices.214 reduce noise, damper.215 drive motors and rotation direction.216 self-draining valves.217 spiral rubbish slurry Lower Holds.218 plow-shape barrier plates, crescent moon blade, prevent card machine device and electric heater.219 upper strata blade and blade.

Fig. 3 is separate house rubbish beating liquefied, methane production and product utilization ideograph.In figure, 301 are provided in a side of the multi-functional mechanical making beating dustbin of family.The 303rd, the pipeline in connection household multifunctional machinery making beating dustbin and methane fermentation production pond.The 307th, anaerobic methane (methane) fermentation vat.It is biogas (methane) that 308 desulfurization, carbon dioxide removal purify.The 312nd, the crop irrigation and drainage ground such as garden, meadow and trees.The 314th, domestic heating generator.

5, embodiment

Embodiment 1, first rubbish is dropped into multi-functional mechanical making beating dustbin 1-2, wait accumulate a certain amount of after, multi-functional mechanical making beating dustbin automatically mixes, is cut and grind formation flowable mass and discharged, concentrate, be transported to collecting pond 4 by the pipeline 3 that is connected each dustbin by stirring with water in the ratio of setting.For using water wisely, the water that participates in rubbish can be life, factory effluent, alleviates municipal sewage amount, also running water, but consumption is little.Because the moisture content 50-80% of rubbish, its rubbish slurry itself just has certain mobility, adds a small amount of water and is actually in order to increase mobility, meets the condition that pipeline is carried.Concrete operations are by various rubbish, for example bone, potato, wood, pumpkin, paper, fiber, herbage etc. are located at street by responding to or riding to open, in the multi-functional liquefaction of straight barrel type or fluidisation dustbin 201 of family and factory, cover top cover 206, power supply is connected automatically, start timer according to the instruction of Regional Control Center 14 and individual instruction, automatically open at the time multi-functional mechanical making beating dustbin of specifying and set, gravity piezoelectricity water yield automatic mixing system 212 is responded to automatically, signal is passed to center-control key plate 204, under the control of center-control key plate, start the automatic water inlet valve 207 automatic governing water yield and ratios, start drive motors 215, the centrifugal force that is cut and formed by rotating blade 208 is by bone, the hardness such as wood are not easy greatly the rubbish of cutting and push plow-shape barrier plate to, crescent moon blade 218, and be stuck between plow-shape barrier plate 218 and radiation sawtooth and the mill 209 of sawtooth hole, wear into as little particle by the radiation sawtooth of rotation and the mill of sawtooth hole, the fibers of difficult mill etc. are by mill sawtooth hole and upper, blade 219 secondary shearings form rubbish slurry, rubbish slurry under the driving of water pump supercharging leaf oar 210 in dustbin forms downward driving force, by spiral rubbish slurry Lower Hold 217, under the control of center-control key plate 204, open self-draining valve 216, enter the conveyance conduit connecting between dustbin and flow to the oxidation centralized pool 4 that is located at urban cells.Then be delivered to methane-generating pit 7 and plant 6 by motor vehicles and machines 5b, water pump 5a and pipeline.After completing making beating, multi-functional mechanical making beating dustbin is opened the deodorizing of a small amount of water purging system automatically.

Produce biogas through desulfurization, carbon dioxide removal 8 etc. purify after as using energy source.Residue (natural pond liquid) after biogas fermentation after storing up the storage of fertile pond, sterilization 10, directly by pipeline, tank car be transported to field 12, spray in park.Natural pond liquid after biogas production is field also, remaining natural pond liquid is carried out Separation of Solid and Liquid 11, natural pond slag after dehydration is made organic solid fertilizer, charing fuel, clear liquid loops back inflow methane-generating pit by technological requirement part, and part is directly used in agricultural drainage and irrigation and discharges after activated carbon filtration (natural processing, oxidation ditch, oxidation pond, artificial swamp) advanced treating after sterilization treatment.System is carried out capacity, the production capacity rational allocation of the resources of production and facility by CCC.

Embodiment 2

The direct irrigation and drainage type of small-sized residential building: Fig. 3 is the rubbish liquefaction of independent residential area, methane production and product utilization ideograph.Various house refuses are dropped into the multi-functional mechanical making beating dustbin 301 being arranged in house or residential quarter, to after rubbish beating liquefied or fluidisation, be pooled to methane (biogas) fermentation vat 307 by pipeline 303 by the multi-functional mechanical dustbin 301 of pulling an oar, produce the methane (biogas) obtaining after clarifier 308 purifies as fuel.Natural pond slag, natural pond liquid are introduced the direct irrigation and drainage in garden 312 by pipeline after sterilization.

Embodiment 3

Cultivation and protein are produced again; Residue after the rubbish from cooking in various living areas and food processing is dropped into the multi-functional mechanical making beating dustbin 1 being arranged in house or factory, pull an oar dustbin 1 by rubbish beating liquefied or fluidisation by multi-functional mechanical, arrive sterilization pool 10 by pipe influx, after sterilization purification, purify for cultivation 6 and ecological natural as feed.

Claims (2)

1. a totally-closed garbage emission is carried the method for automation and comprehensive utilization, it is characterized in that by rubbish by the moisture ratio fluidisation of pulling an oar, the rubbish slurry that formation possesses mobility adopts pipeline to carry, the technological process of the method and comprehensive utilization is first rubbish directly to be put into multi-functional mechanical making beating dustbin to deposit, wait run up to a certain amount of after, by dustbin automatically according to certain moisture ratio solid refuse fluidisation, by pipeline (3), the rubbish after fluidisation is transported to oxidation centralized pool (4), obtain with this rubbish that composition is single, use again water pump (5a) and the poor car of transport (5b) that the rubbish of different values is transported to respectively to feed lot (6), marsh gas fermentation pool (7) fully utilizes, whole system realizes automatic management by central management control centre (14), in technological process, dustbin is the multifunctional garbage storage container with mechanical device and automation equipment, the function of this container is rubbish slurry automatic-discharging and the conveying of depositing rubbish, making beating and realization, and it is mainly the waste deposit chamber (201) of the rubbish of producing, life produces directly being dropped into multi-functional mechanical making beating dustbin, wait accumulate a certain amount of after, gravity piezoelectricity water yield automatic mixing system (212) and center-control mainboard and on-line information exchange termination system (204) according to set ratio start automatic water inlet valve (207) add a certain proportion of water, then start drive motors (215) driven rotary blade (208), mill (209) rotation of band radiation sawtooth and sawtooth hole forms powerful centrifugal force bone when rubbish is cut, rhizome, the solid refuse band that hardness is large and individuality is large is to plow-shape barrier plate, crescent moon blade (218), in further cutting bone, the solid refuse that hardness is large is stuck in plow-shape barrier plate, between crescent moon blade (218) and band radiation sawtooth and the mill (209) of sawtooth hole, form downward pressure, carry out grinding by the band radiation sawtooth of rotation and the mill (209) of sawtooth hole and form rubbish slurry, elasticity and motor direction of rotation (215) by regulating plough form drag baffle plate and anti-sticking machine (218) reach the effect that prevents card machine and automatically get rid of card machine, the waste liquid slurry of formation enters the sawtooth hole at mill (209) edge that is provided with radiation sawtooth under the pressure-driven of water pump supercharging leaf oar (210) formation, and rubbish and fiber enter spiral rubbish slurry Lower Hold (217) by the upper and lower further formation rubbish slurry of shearing of blade (219) of mill that is arranged on radiation sawtooth and sawtooth hole, then start self-draining valve (216) by center-control mainboard (204), rubbish slurry enters discharge tube under the driving of water pump supercharging leaf slurry (210), in order to reach automatically, safety, clean and object easily, multi-functional mechanical making beating dustbin is provided with automated cleaning spray apertures (202), safe power-off and induction device for releasing closures (203), top cover (206), pedal-opened cover device (213), center-control mainboard (204), time switch (205), for the smoothness of rubbish slurry discharge, design spiral bottom rubbish slurries storehouses (217), in order to reduce the noise of generation, on multi-functional mechanical making beating dustbin bucket wall, have sound insulating material (211) and reduce noise, damper (214), in order to adapt to outdoor and cold district use, multi-functional mechanical making beating dustbin is provided with automatic heating system (218), in order to realize system and district management and to concentrate allotment, functional machinery making beating dustbin is provided with self-timing and starts system and on-line information exchange system (204).
2. the method for carrying automation and comprehensive utilization according to the totally-closed garbage emission described in claim 1, the facility of its comprehensive utilization and apparatus key element independently combine according to composition, purposes and the place of rubbish slurry the different service conditions that provide to adapt to separate house, residential block, street, factory, business and different population collections.
CN200910106173.0A 2009-03-26 2009-03-26 Method and apparatus for totally-closed garbage emission and transmission atomization and comprehensive utilization CN101844144B (en)

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CN200910106173.0A CN101844144B (en) 2009-03-26 2009-03-26 Method and apparatus for totally-closed garbage emission and transmission atomization and comprehensive utilization
US12/504,657 US8801930B2 (en) 2009-03-26 2009-07-16 Method and apparatus of solid wastes automatic collection ductwork evacuation and comprehensive utilization
GB201116344A GB2482996B (en) 2009-03-26 2010-02-20 Method and apparatus for automatic collection pipeline evacation and comprehensive utilization of solid waste
JP2012502428A JP2012521293A (en) 2009-03-26 2010-02-20 Method and apparatus for automatic collection pipeline discharge and solid waste recycling
CA2753448A CA2753448A1 (en) 2009-03-26 2010-02-20 Method and apparatus for automatic collection, pipeline evacuation and comprehensive utilization of solid waste
PCT/CN2010/070691 WO2010108402A1 (en) 2009-03-26 2010-02-20 Method and apparatus for automatic collection, pipeline evacuation and comprehensive utilization of solid waste

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