CN107803386A - Domestic garbage treating system - Google Patents

Domestic garbage treating system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107803386A
CN107803386A CN201710962377.9A CN201710962377A CN107803386A CN 107803386 A CN107803386 A CN 107803386A CN 201710962377 A CN201710962377 A CN 201710962377A CN 107803386 A CN107803386 A CN 107803386A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
fermentation tank
treating system
domestic garbage
garbage treating
garbage
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn
Application number
CN201710962377.9A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
贾元友
阚兴令
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Individual
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Individual
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Filing date
Publication date
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Priority to CN201710962377.9A priority Critical patent/CN107803386A/en
Publication of CN107803386A publication Critical patent/CN107803386A/en
Withdrawn legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B09DISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE; RECLAMATION OF CONTAMINATED SOIL
    • B09BDISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE
    • B09B3/00Destroying solid waste or transforming solid waste into something useful or harmless
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05FORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C, e.g. FERTILISERS FROM WASTE OR REFUSE
    • C05F9/00Fertilisers from household or town refuse
    • C05F9/02Apparatus for the manufacture
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/20Fertilizers of biological origin, e.g. guano or fertilizers made from animal corpses

Abstract

A kind of domestic garbage treating system, including housing, broken warehouse, high-speed electric expreess locomotive, crushing rod, broken blade on crushing rod, fermentation tank, slowspeed machine above fermentation tank, the puddler on low speed electric motor output axle, the agitating paddle on puddler, heating plate, fermentate outlet, profit pipeline on fermentation tank inner bottom part, it is connected with profit pipeline and is arranged on the oily-water seperating equipment of housing bottom, by gas piping and the photocatalyst device being connected above fermentation tank, the vavuum pump on gas piping.The present invention improves environmental sanitation, and reduces Municipal Garbage Yield, reduces the secondary pollution of garbage collecting and transferring process, reduces garbage collecting and transferring processing cost, be advantageous to sewage disposal, reduce pollution of the house refuse to Recyclable, improve resource recovery, reduce the discharge of pollutant, comprehensive utilization of waste materials, gas purification.It can be widely applied in the domestic rubbish disposal in restaurant and dining room.

Description

Domestic garbage treating system
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of domestic garbage treating system, can be widely applied to the domestic rubbish disposal in restaurant and dining room In.
Background technology
As the improvement of people's living standards, restaurant, the house refuse in dining room are also more and more, and with annual 8%~ 10% speed increase.Substantial amounts of house refuse is handled not in time, it will brings fatal harm, house refuse to living environment It is in heaps easily grow mosquito, causing fly etc., some can pathophorous insect.It is reported that China's municipal refuse annual production is near 1.5 hundred million tons, and every year with 8% or so speed increase, the city for having nearly 2/3 is absorbed in the predicament of garbage-surrounded city.So far, many cities The rubbish in city still takes suburbs exposed locations stacking processing, and without any safeguard procedures, mosquitos and flies evil is raw, mouse causes disaster, foul smell is boundless, A large amount of garbage leachates are permeated the ground by earth's surface, and very big pollution is caused to air, soil, water body environment, seriously endanger the mankind Health, domestic rubbish disposal are extremely urgent.
Restaurant, the house refuse in dining room produce substantial amounts of solid waste, and complicated component is various, and with contaminative, money Source property and it is social, it is necessary to innoxious, recycling, minimizing and socialization processing, can not such as deal carefully with, ring will be polluted Border, environmental sanitation is influenceed, waste of resource, production and living safety is destroyed, destroys social harmony.It is fast that garbage disposal seeks to a rubbish Speed is removed, and carries out harmless treatment, is finally reasonably utilized.
At present, the mode of garbage disposal mainly has sanitary landfill method, During High-Temperature Composting method and burning method.Sanitary landfill method rubbish Treating capacity is big, simple to operate, but investment is big, percolate intractability caused by rubbish is big, antiseepage film breakage or percolate Bypass the dam site, a large amount of garbage leachates is permeated the ground by earth's surface, surrounding enviroment and underground water source are caused seriously to pollute.High temperature nuclear reactor Fertile method makes rubbish after compost treatment, and house refuse becomes health, tasteless humus.Both solved the outlet of rubbish, again The purpose of recycling is can reach, but consumer garbage compost amount is big, nutrient content is low, and long-term use easily causes soil hardening and ground Lower water quality degenerates.Burning method is that rubbish is placed in high temperature furnace, and its shortcoming is that incineration firing is insufficient, produces a large amount of nuisances Matter, secondary pollution is formed, and it is relatively low to heat utilization ratio caused by incineration firing.
The content of the invention
Improve environmental sanitation it is an object of the invention to provide a kind of, reduce Municipal Garbage Yield, reduce garbage collecting and transferring process Secondary pollution, the difficulty for reducing garbage collecting and transferring processing and cost, be advantageous to sewage disposal, the quantity for reducing garbage truck and rubbish dirt The pollution of water droplet leakage road pavement, pollution of the house refuse to Recyclable is reduced, improves resource recovery, improves landfill yard and burns Burn the processing operating mode of factory, reduce pollutant emission, comprehensive utilization of waste materials, the domestic garbage treating system of gas purification.
In order to achieve the above object, domestic garbage treating system of the present invention, including housing, above housing and set The broken warehouse of material inlet, the vertical and high-speed motor above broken warehouse, on high-speed electric expreess locomotive output shaft Crushing rod, the broken blade on crushing rod, positioned at enclosure interior, it is connected with broken warehouse bottom and is provided with auto-admission The fermentation tank in hole, the slowspeed machine above fermentation tank, the puddler on low speed electric motor output axle, installed in stirring The agitating paddle on bar is mixed, heating plate, fermentate outlet, profit pipeline on fermentation tank inner bottom part, with profit pipeline phase Connect and be arranged on the oily-water seperating equipment of housing bottom, be arranged on positioned at enclosure interior above oily-water seperating equipment and pass through gas Body pipeline is with the photocatalyst device being connected above fermentation tank, the vavuum pump on gas piping.
Domestic garbage treating system of the present invention, fermentation gas detection controller is also set up above fermentation tank.
Domestic garbage treating system of the present invention, profit pipeline valve body is also set up on profit pipeline.
Domestic garbage treating system of the present invention, described oily-water seperating equipment, discharge outlet is set in its side bottom, arranged Oil discharge outlet is set above the mouth of a river.
Domestic garbage treating system of the present invention, described photocatalyst device, on its lateral surface portion be provided with exhaust outlet.
Domestic garbage treating system of the present invention, its operation principle are:The house refuse in restaurant and dining room is sent through material inlet Enter in broken warehouse, harder material in house refuse, under high-speed electric expreess locomotive driving, drive crushing rod to rotate at a high speed, crushing cutter Piece quickly smashes the rubbish for pouring into broken warehouse, and broken garbage substance falls into hair by the passage being connected with fermentation tank entrance In fermentation tank.The garbage substance crushed in fermentation tank is fallen into due to oil and water quality be present, when it falls into fermenter base, it is deposited Oil can penetrate into bottom with water quality and enter oily-water seperating equipment with profit pipeline.Oily-water seperating equipment will come with pipeline Profit material separated, isolate oil discharged through oil discharge outlet, oil can be used as production soap, realize waste Comprehensive utilization.The water isolated is discharged through discharge outlet, into sewage conduct.
Domestic garbage treating system of the present invention, its operation principle of fermenting are:When water-oil separating for a period of time after, profit pipeline Valve body can be closed into fermentation process.Fermentation entrance first can close, and slowspeed machine starts to rotate, and slowspeed machine drives agitating paddle Rotated, the material fallen into fermentation tank is stirred.Meanwhile the heating plate of fermenter base is begun to warm up, with temperature The lifting of degree, the material in tank start to ferment:
(1) since room temperature state, 100 DEG C of 200 DEG C → temperature-fall period of process hot stage → middle thermophase in order 25~40 DEG C of conventional zymotechnique;
(2) fermented material is directly climbed to 200 DEG C of hot stage, carried out quickly within 45 minutes since room temperature state Fermentation, acted on using the biochemical decomposition of high temperature thermophilic microorganism bacterium and organic matter rapidly degrade, be then down to 100 within 1 hour DEG C, then fermented material is subjected to further fast cooling to middle 25~40 DEG C of thermophase, carry out the fermentation of the decomposed phase in later stage;
(3) fermented material carries out 25~40 DEG C of the middle thermophase of decomposed phase in fermentation tank, ferments 8 to 12 hours.
During the fermentation, fermentate is stirred by agitating paddle, discharge because of fermentation and caused by gas, therefore ferment Fermentation gas detection controller is provided with above tank to detect fermentation gas in fermentation tank tank, prevents unexpected generation.In order to have Effect remove caused by gas, gas is extracted out out of fermentation tank tank by gas piping using vavuum pump, is sent to photocatalyst dress Put it is interior purified treatment is carried out to gas, treated innocuous gas is discharged from exhaust outlet.Vavuum pump is just opened when equipment starts Work is opened, rate of air sucked in required can detect controller according to fermentation gas and carry out relevant control.Controller is detected according to fermentation gas Control, auto-admission mouth, which can regularly be opened new oxygen being sent into fermentation tank, keeps certain oxygen to ferment.
Domestic garbage treating system of the present invention, by changing the form of food refuse, it is harmless to carry out timely food refuse Change is handled, and can be ground into food refuse in paste liquid feeding fermentation tank and be changed, become organic fertilizer discharge, can be light Pine nut now immediately, easily and efficiently kitchen cleaning, avoid food refuse from growing germ, mosquito and peculiar smell because of storage, so as to have Effect optimization kitchen habitat environment, improves environmental sanitation.
Domestic garbage treating system of the present invention, its advantage are:
(1) for resident, reduce kitchen and especially deposit stink in the cabinet of dustbin, cockroach, thin is multiplied in reduction The possibility of bacterium, cleaning discharge rubbish is turned into a light clean job, be advantageous to improve hygienic conditions;
(2) for environmental sanitation department and estate management, improve environmental sanitation operating environment, reduce Municipal Garbage Yield, reduce rubbish and receive The secondary pollution of fortune process, reduce the difficulty and cost of garbage collecting and transferring processing;
(3) city is had stable political situation for traffic control department, increases the content of perishability organic matter in sewage, be advantageous to sewage disposal, Reduce the pollution of the quantity and garbage leachate water clock road pavement of garbage truck;
(4) for environment and resource reclaim, pollution of the house refuse to Recyclable is reduced, improves resource recovery, Improve the processing operating mode of landfill yard and incineration plant, reduce the discharge of pollutant.
(5) in order to prevent pernicious gas caused by garbage decomposition process from carrying out secondary pollution to atmospheric environment, using vacuum Pump is extracted out of fermentation tank tank gas out by gas piping, is sent in photocatalyst device and is carried out cleaning harmful gas to gas Processing, treated harmless purification gas is discharged from exhaust outlet.
(6) fermentate after fermentation process is changed into bio-feritlizer, and the life that will be fermented can be exported from fermentate Thing fertilizer takes out, and is used for agricultural production.Bio-feritlizer and its product have multiple use.Agriculturally, with nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium etc. Element organic fertilizer with reference to made of has fertilizer synergistic, improved soil, stimulates plant growth, improves the work(such as agricultural product quality Energy.The oil isolated is discharged through oil discharge outlet, and oil can be used as production soap.Therefore, realize fermentate, oil it is useless Thing comprehensively utilizes.
In summary, domestic garbage treating system of the present invention, improves environmental sanitation, and reduces Municipal Garbage Yield, reduces rubbish and receives The secondary pollution of fortune process, the difficulty and cost of garbage collecting and transferring processing are reduced, is advantageous to sewage disposal, reduces the quantity of garbage truck With the pollution of garbage leachate water clock road pavement, pollution of the house refuse to Recyclable is reduced, improves resource recovery, improvement is filled out The processing operating mode of field and incineration plant is buried, reduces the discharge of pollutant, comprehensive utilization of waste materials, gas purification.
Brief description of the drawings
The present invention is further described below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and embodiment.
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the present invention.
Embodiment
In Fig. 1, domestic garbage treating system of the present invention, including housing 1, above housing and material inlet is set D broken warehouse 2, the vertical and high-speed motor 3 above broken warehouse, the crushing rod on high-speed electric expreess locomotive output shaft 4, the broken blade 5 on crushing rod, positioned at enclosure interior, it is connected with broken warehouse bottom and is provided with auto-admission hole e Fermentation tank 6, the slowspeed machine 7 above fermentation tank, the puddler 8 on low speed electric motor output axle, be arranged on Agitating paddle 9 on puddler, heating plate 10, fermentate outlet 11, profit pipeline 12 on fermentation tank inner bottom part, with oil Waterpipe is connected and is arranged on the oily-water seperating equipment 13 of housing bottom, is arranged on positioned at enclosure interior on oily-water seperating equipment Side and the photocatalyst device 14 being connected by gas piping 18 and fermentation tank top, the vavuum pump 15 on gas piping.
Domestic garbage treating system of the present invention, fermentation gas detection controller 16 is also set up above fermentation tank.
Domestic garbage treating system of the present invention, profit pipeline valve body 17 is also set up on profit pipeline.
Domestic garbage treating system of the present invention, described oily-water seperating equipment, discharge outlet a is set in its side bottom, Oil discharge outlet b is set above discharge outlet.
Domestic garbage treating system of the present invention, described photocatalyst device, on its lateral surface portion be provided with exhaust outlet c.
In addition, in Fig. 1, ferment entrance f.

Claims (5)

1. a kind of domestic garbage treating system, it is characterised in that including housing, above housing and material inlet is set Broken warehouse, the vertical and high-speed motor above broken warehouse, the crushing rod on high-speed electric expreess locomotive output shaft, installation Broken blade on crushing rod, positioned at enclosure interior, it is connected with broken warehouse bottom and is provided with the fermentation tank in auto-admission hole, Slowspeed machine above fermentation tank, the puddler on low speed electric motor output axle, stirring on puddler Oar is mixed, heating plate, fermentate outlet, profit pipeline on fermentation tank inner bottom part, is connected and is arranged on profit pipeline The oily-water seperating equipment of housing bottom, it is arranged on positioned at enclosure interior above oily-water seperating equipment and by gas piping and hair Connected photocatalyst device, the vavuum pump on gas piping above fermentation tank.
2. domestic garbage treating system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that fermentation gas is also set up above fermentation tank Controller is surveyed in physical examination.
3. domestic garbage treating system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that profit pipe is also set up on profit pipeline Road valve body.
4. domestic garbage treating system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described oily-water seperating equipment, at it Side bottom sets discharge outlet, and oil discharge outlet is set above discharge outlet.
5. domestic garbage treating system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described photocatalyst device, in its side Face top is provided with exhaust outlet.
CN201710962377.9A 2017-10-10 2017-10-10 Domestic garbage treating system Withdrawn CN107803386A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710962377.9A CN107803386A (en) 2017-10-10 2017-10-10 Domestic garbage treating system

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710962377.9A CN107803386A (en) 2017-10-10 2017-10-10 Domestic garbage treating system

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN107803386A true CN107803386A (en) 2018-03-16

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201710962377.9A Withdrawn CN107803386A (en) 2017-10-10 2017-10-10 Domestic garbage treating system

Country Status (1)

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CN (1) CN107803386A (en)

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108727079A (en) * 2018-08-27 2018-11-02 江苏雪枫环保科技有限公司 A kind of household garbage fermentation tank system
CN109530402A (en) * 2018-11-28 2019-03-29 佛山科学技术学院 A kind of processing organic pollutant volatilization prevention can utilize the annealing device of waste heat
CN110523739A (en) * 2019-09-12 2019-12-03 湖南垚恒环境科技有限公司 A kind of household refuse landfill sites and control method
CN111718845A (en) * 2019-03-21 2020-09-29 南京蔚岚环境技术研究院有限公司 Household garbage treatment system
CN111735917A (en) * 2020-08-25 2020-10-02 南京锦华机械制造有限公司 Formaldehyde detection device for building material
CN111763105A (en) * 2020-08-06 2020-10-13 深圳市伟绿达科技有限公司 Wet garbage chemical fertilizer preparation equipment
CN112222160A (en) * 2020-10-09 2021-01-15 蚌埠绿源创芯环保科技有限公司 Kitchen waste recycling treatment device

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108727079A (en) * 2018-08-27 2018-11-02 江苏雪枫环保科技有限公司 A kind of household garbage fermentation tank system
CN109530402A (en) * 2018-11-28 2019-03-29 佛山科学技术学院 A kind of processing organic pollutant volatilization prevention can utilize the annealing device of waste heat
CN111718845A (en) * 2019-03-21 2020-09-29 南京蔚岚环境技术研究院有限公司 Household garbage treatment system
CN110523739A (en) * 2019-09-12 2019-12-03 湖南垚恒环境科技有限公司 A kind of household refuse landfill sites and control method
CN110523739B (en) * 2019-09-12 2023-10-20 湖南垚恒环境科技有限公司 Household garbage landfill site and control method
CN111763105A (en) * 2020-08-06 2020-10-13 深圳市伟绿达科技有限公司 Wet garbage chemical fertilizer preparation equipment
CN111735917A (en) * 2020-08-25 2020-10-02 南京锦华机械制造有限公司 Formaldehyde detection device for building material
CN111735917B (en) * 2020-08-25 2020-12-15 山东建业工程科技有限公司 Formaldehyde detection device for building material
CN112222160A (en) * 2020-10-09 2021-01-15 蚌埠绿源创芯环保科技有限公司 Kitchen waste recycling treatment device
CN112222160B (en) * 2020-10-09 2021-10-22 北京申城生物科技集团有限公司 Kitchen waste recycling treatment device

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Application publication date: 20180316

WW01 Invention patent application withdrawn after publication