CN101844940A - Domestic organic food waste treatment method and treatment equipment - Google Patents

Domestic organic food waste treatment method and treatment equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101844940A
CN101844940A CN201010172527A CN201010172527A CN101844940A CN 101844940 A CN101844940 A CN 101844940A CN 201010172527 A CN201010172527 A CN 201010172527A CN 201010172527 A CN201010172527 A CN 201010172527A CN 101844940 A CN101844940 A CN 101844940A
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China
Prior art keywords
organic food
waste
domestic organic
fermentation
domestic
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CN201010172527A
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Chinese (zh)
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张岳清
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张岳清
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Priority to CN201010172527A priority Critical patent/CN101844940A/en
Publication of CN101844940A publication Critical patent/CN101844940A/en

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/20Fertilizers of biological origin, e.g. guano or fertilizers made from animal corpses

Abstract

The invention relates to a domestic organic food waste treatment method and domestic organic food waste treatment equipment. The treatment method comprises the following steps of: a, performing solid-liquid separation on domestic organic food wastes on the spot; b, treating solid wastes, namely, putting the solid wastes produced in crushing into a fermentation machine and adding more than one microorganism for deodorization, fermentation and decomposition to obtain a primary bio-organic fertilizer; and c, treating waste liquor, namely, adding more than one microorganism into the waste liquor produced in dehydration and performing degreasing and purification treatment. The treatment equipment comprises a dehydration platform, a crusher, a waste liquor purification tank and the fermentation machine, wherein the crusher is positioned below the dehydration platform. Through the method and the device, before rotten, the domestic organic food wastes are treated to produce the primary bio-organic fertilizer, which reduces waste flow links, and the harmless in-place treatment of the domestic organic food wastes is realized.

Description

Domestic organic food waste disposal method and treatment facility

Technical field

The present invention relates to waste disposal method and treatment facility technical field, especially a kind of domestic organic food waste disposal method and treatment facility.

Background technology

Domestic organic food rubbish mainly comes from: letter sorting or put on by classification rubbish and straw class packing materials such as meat that vegetables, fruit, shell and the anorexia of generation use, egg, fish in that the market of farm produce directly produces or the domestic waste; " swill " and tankage that dining room, restaurant etc. produce; The green grass that afforestation produces, fallen leaves, branch etc.Ways such as landfill, burning are adopted in domestic organic food refuse treatment at present more, environment are produced immeasurable influence and loss.The organic waste that one 1,300,000,000 big country produces every day affects people's life constantly, and various ways such as garbage loading embeading burning all can't satisfy the paces that China develops to urbanization fast for city sizeization, the integrated construction in rural cities and towns.How to solve the changing food waste, the organic waste that produce in the quick urbanization development of China? organic waste can be turned waste into wealth? compared to adopting treatment processs such as landfill, burning, organic fertilizer is made in domestic organic food rubbish microbiological deterioration fermentation, and handling domestic organic food rubbish by this way is better choice.With the general mode that adopts bar buttress compost or storage compost of domestic organic food rubbish microbiological deterioration fermentation.Its technological process is: domestic organic food rubbish send destructor plant to concentrate to carry out heap fermentation, in the compost or use the anaerobism microbial inoculum, or the method for not adding microbial inoculum spontaneous fermentation.But this processing mode needs that domestic organic food rubbish is focused on destructor plant to focus on, changing food waste, organic waste rot easily owing to it, can produce a lot of waste liquids generations of stench and transportation, environment is produced a large amount of pollutions, how solve that organic waste rots, the stench problem from the source? how from the source domestic organic food rubbish being handled is the hang-up of our appearance of the city environmental sanitation of puzzling.

Summary of the invention

The technical problem to be solved in the present invention is: overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, a kind of domestic organic food waste disposal method and treatment facility are provided, pollutent is controlled from the source, the transportation cost of rubbish and the expense that landfill burns have not only been reduced, and the peculiar smell that has reduced the organic waste fermenting process produce and controlled waste liquid in the rubbish transportation throwing, emit, drip, leak, solve domestic organic food rubbish and rotted easily, can produce malodorous technical problem, further improved environmental quality.

The technical solution adopted for the present invention to solve the technical problems is: a kind of domestic organic food waste disposal method comprises the steps:

A. domestic organic food rubbish carries out solid-liquid separation on the spot: at first by the dehydration platform domestic organic food rubbish is carried out processed, the solid waste of dehydration back gained is pulverized on the spot by pulverizer, and the waste liquid of dehydration back gained enters the effluent purifying groove;

B. solid waste disposal: will pulverize in the solid waste input fermentation machine of back gained and add more than one mushroom microorganisms, regulate the water content of solid waste, solid waste is under 55%~65% condition in humidity, carried out deodorizing, fermentation, decomposition totally 120~150 hours, get biological organic elementary fertilizer, the organic elementary fertilizer of biology is concentrated with the mode of bar buttress compost or storage compost again and carried out Secondary Fermentation, get organic fertilizer;

C. liquid waste disposal: add more than one microorganisms in the waste liquid of dehydration back gained, carry out the oil removing purifying treatment, the waste liquid after the processing changes into foliar nutrient or enters sewer line.

The mushroom microorganism of adding in the solid waste disposal particularly, is actinomycetes, thread fungus, yeast, Bazillus bacterium.The microorganism of adding in the liquid waste disposal is actinomycetes, bacillus, Bacillus natto, capsule bacterium, smooth daughter bacteria.

Particularly, the mushroom microorganism of adding in the solid waste disposal is fermentation pichia yeast (Pichiafermentens), and the microorganism of adding in the liquid waste disposal is viride (Trichoderma viride), subtilis (Bacillus subtilis), bacstearothermophilus (Bacillusstearothermophilus), thermomonospora fusca (Thermomonospora fusca), lactobacterium casei (Lactobacillus casei).

A kind of domestic organic food refuse treatment plant that adopts described domestic organic food waste disposal method to handle domestic organic food rubbish, comprise domestic organic food rubbish is carried out the dehydration platform of processed, pulverizer, the effluent purifying groove of placing waste liquid that solid waste is pulverized on the spot, places the fermentation machine of solid waste fermentation, described pulverizer is positioned at the below of dehydration platform, the solid waste discharge port of dehydration platform is connected with the opening for feed of pulverizer, and the waste liquid discharge port of dehydration platform is connected with the import of effluent purifying groove.

Further, described pulverizer is a beater disintegrating machine.

Further, be connected with the microbial strains proportioning machine that drops into microbial strains according to fermentation machine stirring condition automatically above the described fermentation machine.

The invention has the beneficial effects as follows: the domestic organic food refuse treatment plant is placed in rubbish such as hotel, restaurant, hospital and scene, sub-district and produces ground, timing or not timing ground are put into domestic organic food rubbish wherein and are handled, organic waste is handled before not rotting, become biological organic elementary fertilizer, this process reduces the waste flow swivel link, carries out domestic organic food garbage harmless on-the-spot disposal.Pollutent is controlled from the source, the transportation cost of rubbish and the expense that landfill burns have not only been reduced, and the peculiar smell that has reduced the organic waste fermenting process produce and controlled waste liquid in the rubbish transportation throwing, emit, drip, leak, solve domestic organic food rubbish and rotted easily, can produce malodorous technical problem, further improved environmental quality.

Description of drawings

The present invention is further described below in conjunction with accompanying drawing.

Fig. 1 is the structural representation of domestic organic food refuse treatment plant among the present invention;

Wherein: 1. dehydration platform, 2. pulverizer, 3. fermentation machine, 31. microbial strains proportioning machines.

Embodiment

Embodiment one:

Domestic organic food refuse treatment plant as shown in Figure 1, comprise domestic organic food rubbish is carried out the dehydration platform 1 of processed, pulverizer 2, the effluent purifying groove of placing waste liquid that solid waste is pulverized on the spot, places the fermentation machine 3 of solid waste fermentation, pulverizer 2 is positioned at the below of dehydration platform 1, the solid waste discharge port of dehydration platform 1 is connected with the opening for feed of pulverizer 2, and the waste liquid discharge port of dehydration platform 1 is connected with the import of effluent purifying groove.Pulverizer 2 is a beater disintegrating machine.Fermentation machine 3 tops are connected with the microbial strains proportioning machine 31 that drops into microbial strains according to fermentation machine 3 stirring conditions automatically.

A kind of domestic organic food waste disposal method comprises the steps:

A. domestic organic food rubbish carries out solid-liquid separation on the spot: at first by the dehydration platform domestic organic food rubbish is carried out processed, the solid waste of dehydration back gained is pulverized on the spot by pulverizer, and the waste liquid of dehydration back gained enters the effluent purifying groove;

B. solid waste disposal: will pulverize in the solid waste input fermentation machine of back gained and add HH I-23: fermentation pichia yeast (Pichia fermentens), regulate the water content of solid waste, solid waste is under 55%~65% condition in humidity, carried out deodorizing, fermentation, decomposition totally 120~150 hours, get biological organic elementary fertilizer, the organic elementary fertilizer of biology is concentrated with the mode of bar buttress compost or storage compost again and carried out Secondary Fermentation, get organic fertilizer;

C. liquid waste disposal: in the waste liquid of dehydration back gained, add in the solid waste disposal and add: HH II-16: viride (Trichoderma viride), HH II-2: subtilis (Bacillussubtilis), HH II-5: bacstearothermophilus (Bacillus stearothermophilus), HH II-14: thermomonospora fusca (Thermomonospora fusca), HH II-23: lactobacterium casei (Lactobacillus casei), carry out the oil removing purifying treatment, the waste liquid after the processing changes into foliar nutrient or enters sewer line.

Domestic organic food waste disposal method of the present invention and treatment facility have following characteristics:

1, organic domestic kitchen garbage treatment equipment is placed in hotel, restaurant, hospital and scene, residential quarter, but not timing is put into organic waste and is processed, organic waste is processed before not rotting, enter the fermentation machine fermentation, become biological organic elementary fertilizer, this process reduces waste flow change joint, carries out the innoxious on the spot processing of organic waste.

2, the advanced disposal ability of equipment is strong.

Organic domestic kitchen garbage treatment equipment divides 10 class from processing 100kg day to 2000kg, can be applicable to the public place such as hotel, residential quarter of all size scale, biologic garbage enter can ferment fast, deodorizing, and enter fermentation machine initial fermentation 120-150 hour and form biological organic elementary fertilizer, whole process is incremental, satisfy the rule of organic waste initial fermentation, various organic matters are played the whole structure of fermentation, decomposition, deodorizing by the high-effective microorganism effect.

3, equipment operation cost is low.

A whole set of organic domestic kitchen garbage treatment equipment advances power consumption few from being crushed to fermentation, the general 1000kg domestic organic food rubbish of processing, from being dosed into biological organic elementary fertilizer discharging, power consumption is no more than 5 degree, other is without any need for energy consumption, and this is the advanced part of whole equipment.

4, the equipment pollution sources are controlled well.

In the organic domestic kitchen garbage treatment equipment running profit is separated, Residual oil can be collected or carry out biodegradation, waste liquid is processed changing into blade face fertilizer or entering sewer pipe with microbial method. In biological fermentation process, the domestic organic food garbage waste material is controlled peculiar smell by the effect of deodorizing bacterium, naturally the heat that produces in the fermentation decomposable process is discharged outdoor by the nature air draft, whole process peculiar smell is little, and the pollutant of domestic organic food rubbish is controlled comprehensively.

5, reduce organic waste and pollute, reduce the operation cost, turn waste into wealth.

By biological organic matter fermentation machine regional rubbish is locally processed, and the peculiar smell that has reduced the organic refuse fermentation process produce and controlled waste liquid in the garbage transporting process throwing, emit, drip, leak, by fermentation machine domestic organic food rubbish is changed into organic fertilizer, this kind organic fertilizer is higher than the organic fertilizer that pig, cow dung are just made far away, mix not only fertilizer efficiency height but also application surface with these organic fertilizer higher again, and this is the great measure of turning waste into wealth.

Claims (8)

1. a domestic organic food waste disposal method is characterized in that: comprise the steps:
A. domestic organic food rubbish carries out solid-liquid separation on the spot: at first by the dehydration platform domestic organic food rubbish is carried out processed, the solid waste of dehydration back gained is pulverized on the spot by pulverizer, and the waste liquid of dehydration back gained enters the effluent purifying groove;
B. solid waste disposal: will pulverize in the solid waste input fermentation machine of back gained and add more than one mushroom microorganisms, regulate the water content of solid waste, solid waste is under 55%~65% condition in humidity, carried out deodorizing, fermentation, decomposition totally 120~150 hours, get biological organic elementary fertilizer, the organic elementary fertilizer of biology is concentrated with the mode of bar buttress compost or storage compost again and carried out Secondary Fermentation, get organic fertilizer;
C. liquid waste disposal: add more than one microorganisms in the waste liquid of dehydration back gained, carry out the oil removing purifying treatment, the waste liquid after the processing changes into foliar nutrient or enters sewer line.
2. domestic organic food waste disposal method according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the mushroom microorganism of adding in the solid waste disposal is actinomycetes, thread fungus, yeast, Bazillus bacterium.
3. domestic organic food waste disposal method according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the mushroom microorganism of adding in the solid waste disposal is the fermentation pichia yeast.
4. domestic organic food waste disposal method according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the microorganism of adding in the liquid waste disposal is actinomycetes, bacillus, Bacillus natto, capsule bacterium, smooth daughter bacteria.
5. domestic organic food waste disposal method according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the microorganism of adding in the liquid waste disposal is viride, subtilis, bacstearothermophilus, thermomonospora fusca, lactobacterium casei.
6. domestic organic food refuse treatment plant that adopts each described domestic organic food waste disposal method of claim 1~5 to handle domestic organic food rubbish, it is characterized in that: comprise the dehydration platform that domestic organic food rubbish is carried out processed, the pulverizer that solid waste is pulverized on the spot, place the effluent purifying groove of waste liquid, place the fermentation machine of solid waste fermentation, described pulverizer is positioned at the below of dehydration platform, the solid waste discharge port of dehydration platform is connected with the opening for feed of pulverizer, and the waste liquid discharge port of dehydration platform is connected with the import of effluent purifying groove.
7. domestic organic food refuse treatment plant according to claim 6 is characterized in that: described pulverizer is a beater disintegrating machine.
8. domestic organic food refuse treatment plant according to claim 6 is characterized in that: described fermentation machine top is connected with the microbial strains proportioning machine that drops into microbial strains according to fermentation machine stirring condition automatically.
CN201010172527A 2010-05-14 2010-05-14 Domestic organic food waste treatment method and treatment equipment CN101844940A (en)

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Cited By (20)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102093099A (en) * 2010-12-16 2011-06-15 雪合来提 Device for preparing organic liquid fertilizer by using restaurant kitchen garbage
CN102153379A (en) * 2010-12-02 2011-08-17 北京工商大学 Method for producing liquid organic bacterial manure by utilizing waste liquor of restaurants and kitchens
CN102199048A (en) * 2011-05-17 2011-09-28 章新福 Method and device for purifying and recycling organic garbage from kitchen
CN102320871A (en) * 2011-07-12 2012-01-18 焦社杰 Microbial organic fertilizer prepared from restaurant-kitchen garbage and preparation method thereof
CN102690134A (en) * 2011-03-21 2012-09-26 焦社杰 Processing method and processing system for kitchen garbage resourcilization
CN102784793A (en) * 2012-08-20 2012-11-21 绍兴文理学院 Kitchen waste disposal device and kitchen waste disposal method
CN102943094A (en) * 2012-11-15 2013-02-27 詹天际 Food waste treating method
CN103121859A (en) * 2013-03-21 2013-05-29 北京世纪阿姆斯生物技术股份有限公司 Kitchen waste on-site treatment method
CN103265338A (en) * 2013-05-27 2013-08-28 黄裕蘅 Method for treating and transforming kitchen waste into fertilizer
CN103381665A (en) * 2013-05-29 2013-11-06 苏州韩博厨房电器科技有限公司 Solid-liquid kitchen waste separator
CN103408198A (en) * 2013-08-23 2013-11-27 尹梦珍 Sewage treatment method in landscape planning
CN103509743A (en) * 2013-09-09 2014-01-15 深圳市三盛环保科技有限公司 Microbial compound preparation and preparation method
CN103920693A (en) * 2014-04-08 2014-07-16 北京工业大学 Rural domestic rubbish treating device
CN104987142A (en) * 2015-07-02 2015-10-21 安徽中科绿世代环保科技有限公司 Process for producing solid organic fertilizer by using kitchen waste
CN105542986A (en) * 2016-01-15 2016-05-04 中林山水(北京)生态科技股份有限公司 Pipeline oil stain cleaning agent and preparation method thereof
CN105565917A (en) * 2015-12-21 2016-05-11 四川超益环保科技有限公司 Method for producing bio-organic fertilizers by quick fermentation of kitchen wastes
CN106277353A (en) * 2016-08-25 2017-01-04 南丹县环境卫生管理站 A kind of deodorizing method of refuse depot
CN106755122A (en) * 2016-12-19 2017-05-31 广州舒国生物科技有限公司 A kind of biological degreasing agent and preparation method thereof
CN106799278A (en) * 2016-12-29 2017-06-06 光大环保技术研究院(深圳)有限公司 Crushing and screening device
CN111548913A (en) * 2020-05-15 2020-08-18 苏州中洁宇科技有限公司 Preparation method and application of kitchen waste microbial strain

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1262971A (en) * 1999-08-26 2000-08-16 郑士元 Treatment technology of house refuse as resource
CN1480267A (en) * 2003-08-05 2004-03-10 陈建乐 Biological treatment for organic garbage from dining room and kitchen
CN101058097A (en) * 2007-05-31 2007-10-24 张虎明 Resource using method for food and drink garbage
CN101073805A (en) * 2007-07-16 2007-11-21 陈五岭 Biological comprehensive treatment for food refuse

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1262971A (en) * 1999-08-26 2000-08-16 郑士元 Treatment technology of house refuse as resource
CN1480267A (en) * 2003-08-05 2004-03-10 陈建乐 Biological treatment for organic garbage from dining room and kitchen
CN101058097A (en) * 2007-05-31 2007-10-24 张虎明 Resource using method for food and drink garbage
CN101073805A (en) * 2007-07-16 2007-11-21 陈五岭 Biological comprehensive treatment for food refuse

Cited By (27)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102153379A (en) * 2010-12-02 2011-08-17 北京工商大学 Method for producing liquid organic bacterial manure by utilizing waste liquor of restaurants and kitchens
CN102093099A (en) * 2010-12-16 2011-06-15 雪合来提 Device for preparing organic liquid fertilizer by using restaurant kitchen garbage
CN102093099B (en) * 2010-12-16 2013-05-08 雪合来提 Device for preparing organic liquid fertilizer by using restaurant kitchen garbage
CN102690134B (en) * 2011-03-21 2014-12-24 焦社杰 Processing method and processing system for kitchen garbage resourcilization
CN102690134A (en) * 2011-03-21 2012-09-26 焦社杰 Processing method and processing system for kitchen garbage resourcilization
CN102199048A (en) * 2011-05-17 2011-09-28 章新福 Method and device for purifying and recycling organic garbage from kitchen
CN102320871A (en) * 2011-07-12 2012-01-18 焦社杰 Microbial organic fertilizer prepared from restaurant-kitchen garbage and preparation method thereof
CN102784793A (en) * 2012-08-20 2012-11-21 绍兴文理学院 Kitchen waste disposal device and kitchen waste disposal method
CN102943094A (en) * 2012-11-15 2013-02-27 詹天际 Food waste treating method
CN102943094B (en) * 2012-11-15 2014-06-25 詹天际 Food waste treating method
CN103121859B (en) * 2013-03-21 2015-11-25 北京世纪阿姆斯生物技术股份有限公司 A kind of Kitchen waste on-site treatment method
CN103121859A (en) * 2013-03-21 2013-05-29 北京世纪阿姆斯生物技术股份有限公司 Kitchen waste on-site treatment method
CN103265338A (en) * 2013-05-27 2013-08-28 黄裕蘅 Method for treating and transforming kitchen waste into fertilizer
CN103381665A (en) * 2013-05-29 2013-11-06 苏州韩博厨房电器科技有限公司 Solid-liquid kitchen waste separator
CN103408198B (en) * 2013-08-23 2014-10-22 尹梦珍 Sewage treatment method in landscape planning
CN103408198A (en) * 2013-08-23 2013-11-27 尹梦珍 Sewage treatment method in landscape planning
CN103509743A (en) * 2013-09-09 2014-01-15 深圳市三盛环保科技有限公司 Microbial compound preparation and preparation method
CN103920693A (en) * 2014-04-08 2014-07-16 北京工业大学 Rural domestic rubbish treating device
CN103920693B (en) * 2014-04-08 2016-06-22 北京工业大学 A kind of rural domestic refuse processing device
CN104987142A (en) * 2015-07-02 2015-10-21 安徽中科绿世代环保科技有限公司 Process for producing solid organic fertilizer by using kitchen waste
CN105565917A (en) * 2015-12-21 2016-05-11 四川超益环保科技有限公司 Method for producing bio-organic fertilizers by quick fermentation of kitchen wastes
CN105542986A (en) * 2016-01-15 2016-05-04 中林山水(北京)生态科技股份有限公司 Pipeline oil stain cleaning agent and preparation method thereof
CN105542986B (en) * 2016-01-15 2020-12-08 中林山水(北京)生态科技股份有限公司 Pipe network oil stain cleaning agent and preparation method thereof
CN106277353A (en) * 2016-08-25 2017-01-04 南丹县环境卫生管理站 A kind of deodorizing method of refuse depot
CN106755122A (en) * 2016-12-19 2017-05-31 广州舒国生物科技有限公司 A kind of biological degreasing agent and preparation method thereof
CN106799278A (en) * 2016-12-29 2017-06-06 光大环保技术研究院(深圳)有限公司 Crushing and screening device
CN111548913A (en) * 2020-05-15 2020-08-18 苏州中洁宇科技有限公司 Preparation method and application of kitchen waste microbial strain

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Assignee: JIANGSU HUA HONG NEW ENERGY CO., LTD.

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Denomination of invention: Domestic organic food waste treatment method and treatment equipment

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