CN101696138B - Long-acting special fertilizer for oil-tea camellia and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

Long-acting special fertilizer for oil-tea camellia and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101696138B
CN101696138B CN200910192671A CN200910192671A CN101696138B CN 101696138 B CN101696138 B CN 101696138B CN 200910192671 A CN200910192671 A CN 200910192671A CN 200910192671 A CN200910192671 A CN 200910192671A CN 101696138 B CN101696138 B CN 101696138B
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China
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fertilizer
oil
long
tea camellia
percent
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CN200910192671A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN101696138A (en
Inventor
杨少海
解开治
徐培智
张发宝
黄运江
唐拴虎
陈建生
黄旭
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广东新大地生物科技股份有限公司
广东省农业科学院土壤肥料研究所
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Abstract

The invention relates to a long-acting special fertilizer for oil-tea camellia and a preparation method thereof. The long-acting special fertilizer is characterized in that: the fertilizer is prepared from the following raw materials in percentage by weight: 31.3 to 42.9 percent of nitrogen fertilizer, 8.5 to 8.7 percent of phosphate fertilizer, 26.7 to 32.0 percent of potassic fertilizer, 2.6 to 5.1 percent of medium-micro fertilizer, 10 to 15 percent of organic additive and 4 to 19.4 percent of controlled release additive. The special fertilizer for the oil-tea camellia is produced according to the absorption characteristics of the oil-tea camellia on N, P and K, is suitable for the absorption of N, P and K by the oil-tea camellia, has reasonable proportion and long fertilizer efficiency period, can be used as base fertilizer and additional fertilizer, has high nutrient utilization rate, and is safe and environment-friendly; the special fertilizer can remarkably improve the utilization rate of nitrogen, the increasing range is over 8 percent, and the fertilizer efficiency period is as long as 90 to 150 days; and under the same nutrient condition, the special fertilizer can increase the yield of oil-tea camellia fruits by about 10 percent, can remarkably promote the quality of the oil-tea camellia fruits, and promotes the oil content by over 0.6 percent.

Description

Long-acting special fertilizer for oil-tea camellia and preparation method thereof

Technical field

The present invention relates to technical field of fertilizers, relate in particular to a kind of long-acting special fertilizer for oil-tea camellia and preparation method thereof.

Background technology

Oil tea is the important southern woody oil tree species of China, also is one of the world four big woody edible oil sources seeds.Tea oil is not only edible oil, also is protective foods; Sub product such as tea seed cake, shell is multiple industrial raw material; Tea oil tree is that good green barren hill beautifies seeds.Though oil tea is long at China's cultivation history; In the fertilising of oil tea tea tree, have phenomenons such as dose is unreasonable, Application Ratio is uneven, the additional deficiency of the nutritive element of restriction, the oil tea forest land is applied fertilizer excessive or the fertilising deficiency all has a strong impact on oil tea growth and output.

Summary of the invention

The object of the invention is exactly the characteristic of nourishing and growing according to the oil tea tea tree; Through rational proportion mineral element content; Balance is used, and the rational proportion between the middle micronutrient element that particularly proportion relation of N, P, K and demand are bigger provides a kind of long-acting special fertilizer for oil-tea camellia and preparation method thereof.

The object of the invention is realized through following technical proposals: long-acting special fertilizer for oil-tea camellia is to be processed by following weight percentages: nitrogenous fertilizer 31.3~42.9%, phosphate fertilizer 8.5~8.7%, potash fertilizer 26.7~32.0%, in little fertile 2.6~5.1%, organic additive 10~15%, controlled-release of additives 4~19.4%.

Described nitrogenous fertilizer is one or both and the two or more materials thereof in urea, ammonium nitrate, monoammonium phosphate, the diammonium phosphate.

Described phosphate fertilizer is one or both materials in monoammonium phosphate, the diammonium phosphate.

Described potash fertilizer is one or both materials in vitriolate of tartar, the Repone K.

Little fertilizer is one or both and the two or more materials thereof in sal epsom, copper sulfate, ferric sulfate, manganous sulfate, ammonium molybdate, boric acid, the zinc sulfate in described.

Described organic additive is one or both and the two or more material thereof in humic acids, xanthohumic acid, the peat soil.

Described controlled-release of additives is one or both and the two or more material thereof in attapulgite, Feldspar Powder, dextrin, urease inhibitor, the nitrification inhibitor.

Described urease inhibitor is one or both and the two or more material thereof in N-acetylhydroxylamine, Resorcinol, yucconin, N-NBPT, neighbour-phenyl phosphoryl diamine, thiophosphoryl triamide, the T-tricresyl phosphate hexahydroaniline.

Described nitrification inhibitor is one or both and the two or more material thereof in Dyhard RU 100, potassium azide, chlorobenzene isothiocyanate, the nitropyridine.

A kind of preparation method of long-acting special fertilizer for oil-tea camellia:

(1) 31.3~42.9% nitrogenous fertilizer, 8.5~8.7% phosphate fertilizer, 10~15% organic additives, 4~19.4% controlled-release of additives are joined in the stirrer respectively by described order successively stir mixing by weight percentage;

(2) add successively respectively in the mixture of step (1) gained that little fertilizer stirs in 26.7~32.0% potash fertilizer, 2.6~3.9% in stirrer, behind the mixing, detect, promptly get long-acting special fertilizer for oil-tea camellia.

The present invention has following advantage:

(1) the present invention produces the special-purpose fertilizer of oil tea according to oil tea to the absorption characteristic of N, P, K, and identical oil tea is pressed N: P to the absorption of N, P, K 2O 5: K 2The O proportioning is 1: 0.25: 1 reasonable ratio, and fertilizer efficiency period is long, makes base manure, all can topdress, and plant recovery of nutrient is high, and safety, environmental protection are the desirable fertilizer of oil tea good quality and high output.

(2) the present invention has certain controlled-release effect to nitrogen nutrition, thereby can effectively reduce the number of times that topdresses owing to added controlled-release of additives, saves labor cost, has the advantage of saving of work and time.

(3) the present invention can significantly improve nitrogen utilization efficiency, and amplification is more than 8%, and fertilizer efficiency period is grown 90~150 days.

(4) the present invention add in little fertilizer be that the oil tea good quality and high output is prone to the element that lacks, under equal nutrient condition, use the present invention can increase oil tea fruit output about 10%, can significantly promote oil tea fruit matter, oil length promotes more than 0.6 percentage point.

Description of drawings

Fig. 1 is a process flow diagram of the present invention.

Embodiment

Below in conjunction with embodiment, the present invention is described in further detail, but embodiment of the present invention is not limited thereto.

Embodiment one

Please read Fig. 1, (1) joins 31.3kg urea, 8.7kg diammonium phosphate, 10kg xanthohumic acid, 0.8kgN-NBPT, 17.4kg Feldspar Powder in the stirrer successively respectively by described order and stirs, and mixes;

(2) in the mixture of step (1) gained, add 26.7kg Repone K, 3kg sal epsom, 1.2kg manganous sulfate, 0.3kg boric acid, 0.6kg zinc sulfate respectively successively and in stirrer, stir, after mixing, it is qualified to detect, and promptly obtains a kind of long-acting special fertilizer for oil-tea camellia.Be up to the standards to according to composite fertilizer GB15063-2001 standard detection, N: P 2O 5: K 2O is 16-4-16.

Embodiment two

Please read Fig. 1; (1) 42.9kg ammonium nitrate, 8.5kg monoammonium phosphate, 5kg xanthohumic acid, 5kg peat soil, 0.8kg Dyhard RU 100 and chlorobenzene isothiocyanate and nitropyridine, 5kg attapulgite are joined in the stirrer successively respectively by described order and stir; Mixing, Dyhard RU 100, chlorobenzene isothiocyanate and nitropyridine can be any mass ratioes;

(2) in the mixture of step (1) gained, add 13.4kg Repone K, 16kg vitriolate of tartar, 2kg sal epsom, 1.4kg zinc sulfate respectively successively and in stirrer, stir, behind the mixing, it is qualified to detect, and promptly obtains long-acting special fertilizer for oil-tea camellia.

Embodiment three

Please read Fig. 1; (1) 32.5kg urea, 8.5kg monoammonium phosphate, 8kg xanthohumic acid, 3kg peat soil, 4kg humic acids, 0.8kg neighbour-phenyl phosphoryl diamine and thiophosphoryl triamide and N-acetylhydroxylamine, 3.1kg Feldspar Powder, 3kg attapulgite are joined in the stirrer successively respectively by described order and stir; Mixing, neighbour-phenyl phosphoryl diamine, thiophosphoryl triamide and N-acetylhydroxylamine can be any mass ratioes;

(2) in the mixture of step (1) gained, add 32kg vitriolate of tartar, 3kg copper sulfate, 1.2kg ferric sulfate, 0.3kg ammonium molybdate, 0.6kg zinc sulfate respectively successively and in stirrer, stir, behind the mixing, it is qualified to detect, and promptly obtains long-acting special fertilizer for oil-tea camellia.

Embodiment four

Please read Fig. 1; (1) 41.1kg ammonium nitrate, 8.7kg diammonium phosphate, 10kg humic acids, 0.8kg potassium azide and chlorobenzene isothiocyanate, 4.4kg Feldspar Powder, 0.5kg dextrin are joined in the stirrer respectively by described order successively stirs; Mixing, potassium azide and chlorobenzene isothiocyanate can be any mass ratioes;

(2) in the mixture of step (1) gained, adding 13.4kg Repone K, 16kg vitriolate of tartar, 1kg sal epsom, 0.8kg copper sulfate, 0.8kg ferric sulfate, 1.2kg manganous sulfate, 0.4kg ammonium molybdate, 0.3kg boric acid, 0.6kg zinc sulfate respectively successively stirs in stirrer; Behind the mixing; It is qualified to detect, and promptly obtains long-acting special fertilizer for oil-tea camellia.

Embodiment five

Please read Fig. 1; (1) 32.5kg urea, 8.7kg diammonium phosphate, 3kg humic acids, 2kg xanthohumic acid, 7kg peat soil, 0.8kg N-acetylhydroxylamine and Resorcinol and yucconin and T-tricresyl phosphate hexahydroaniline, 6kg attapulgite, 6.8kg Feldspar Powder, 0.4kg dextrin are joined in the stirrer successively respectively by described order and stir; Mixing, N-acetylhydroxylamine, Resorcinol, yucconin and T-tricresyl phosphate hexahydroaniline can be any weight ratios;

(2) in the mixture of step (1) gained, adding 13.4kg Repone K, 16kg vitriolate of tartar, 2kg sal epsom, 0.8kg manganous sulfate, 0.2kg boric acid, 0.4kg zinc sulfate respectively successively stirs in stirrer; Behind the mixing; It is qualified to detect, and promptly obtains long-acting special fertilizer for oil-tea camellia.

Embodiment six

Please read Fig. 1; (1) 16.3kg urea, 21.4kg ammonium nitrate, 8.7kg diammonium phosphate, 2kg xanthohumic acid, 10kg peat soil, 0.8kg N-acetylhydroxylamine and Resorcinol and yucconin and T-tricresyl phosphate hexahydroaniline, 4kg attapulgite, 3.8kg Feldspar Powder, 0.2kg dextrin are joined in the stirrer successively respectively by described order and stir; Mixing, N-acetylhydroxylamine, Resorcinol, yucconin and T-tricresyl phosphate hexahydroaniline can be any mass ratioes;

(2) in the mixture of step (1) gained, add 13.4kg Repone K, 16kg vitriolate of tartar, 2kg copper sulfate, 1kg ferric sulfate, 0.4kg boric acid respectively successively and in stirrer, stir, behind the mixing, it is qualified to detect, and promptly obtains long-acting special fertilizer for oil-tea camellia.

Claims (5)

1. long-acting special fertilizer for oil-tea camellia is characterized in that it being to be processed by following weight percentages: nitrogenous fertilizer 31.3~42.9%, phosphate fertilizer 8.5~8.7%, potash fertilizer 26.7~32.0%, in little fertile 2.6~5.1%, organic additive 10~15%, controlled-release of additives 4~19.4%; Described controlled-release of additives is one or both and the two or more material thereof in attapulgite, Feldspar Powder, dextrin, urease inhibitor, the nitrification inhibitor;
Wherein: urease inhibitor is one or both and the two or more material thereof in N-acetylhydroxylamine, Resorcinol, yucconin, N-NBPT, neighbour-phenyl phosphoryl diamine, thiophosphoryl triamide, the T-tricresyl phosphate hexahydroaniline;
Nitrification inhibitor is one or both and the two or more material thereof in potassium azide, chlorobenzene isothiocyanate, the nitropyridine.
2. long-acting special fertilizer for oil-tea camellia according to claim 1 is characterized in that described potash fertilizer is one or both in vitriolate of tartar, the Repone K.
3. long-acting special fertilizer for oil-tea camellia according to claim 1, it is characterized in that described in little fertilizer be one or both and two or more materials thereof in sal epsom, copper sulfate, ferric sulfate, manganous sulfate, ammonium molybdate, boric acid, the zinc sulfate.
4. long-acting special fertilizer for oil-tea camellia according to claim 1 is characterized in that described organic additive is one or both and the two or more material thereof in humic acids, xanthohumic acid, the peat soil.
5. the preparation method of the described a kind of long-acting special fertilizer for oil-tea camellia of claim 1 is characterized in that:
(1) 31.3~42.9% nitrogenous fertilizer, 8.5~8.7% phosphate fertilizer, 10~15% organic additives, 4~19.4% controlled-release of additives are joined in the stirrer respectively by described order successively stir mixing by weight percentage;
(2) add successively respectively in the mixture of step (1) gained that little fertilizer stirs in 26.7~32.0% potash fertilizer, 2.6~3.9% in stirrer, behind the mixing, detect, promptly get long-acting special fertilizer for oil-tea camellia.
CN200910192671A 2009-09-25 2009-09-25 Long-acting special fertilizer for oil-tea camellia and preparation method thereof CN101696138B (en)

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CN102311286A (en) * 2010-07-09 2012-01-11 文平兰 Fertilizer special for tea trees
CN101973823B (en) * 2010-09-14 2013-10-02 江西省林业科学院 Special biological organic fertilizer for oil-tea camellia and production method thereof
CN102485704A (en) * 2010-12-02 2012-06-06 赵九红 Fertilizer specially utilized for tea tree planted in hilly area of middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River
CN102531762B (en) * 2010-12-22 2014-03-26 施可丰化工股份有限公司 Slow release compound fertilizer special for turnip
CN102503686B (en) * 2011-10-29 2013-07-24 史丹利化肥股份有限公司 Melt granulation polypeptide stability lost control compound fertilizer and preparing method thereof
CN102584436A (en) * 2012-02-08 2012-07-18 福建师范大学 Method for preparing oil tea tree special slow-release fertilizer by using oil tea tree fruit shell
CN103360150B (en) * 2012-03-27 2015-04-01 河北农业大学 Special slow-release long-acting compound fertilizer for carrot and application method for same
CN102816015B (en) * 2012-07-23 2014-04-30 安徽金农生态农业科技发展有限公司 Special fertilizer for oil tea
CN102816016B (en) * 2012-07-23 2014-07-09 安徽金农生态农业科技发展有限公司 Special fertilizer for vinasse oil tea
CN102898229A (en) * 2012-10-09 2013-01-30 广东省林业科学研究院 Dedicated composite fertilizer for seedling stage of Camellia semiserrata Chi.
CN103193538B (en) * 2013-03-02 2015-02-04 安徽拜尔福生物科技有限公司 Special fertilizer for carbon-based and selenium-rich tea and preparation method thereof
CN104045417A (en) * 2013-03-13 2014-09-17 湖南省天金科技有限公司 Special novel blending fertilizer for oil tea, and preparation method thereof
CN103553846B (en) * 2013-10-22 2015-03-11 中国科学院微生物研究所 Special slow release-controlled release fertilizer for potatoes
CN104892056A (en) * 2014-03-05 2015-09-09 湖南省天金科技有限公司 Camellia oleifera dedicated biological organic fertilizer and preparation method thereof
CN104058810A (en) * 2014-05-29 2014-09-24 明光市业兴非金属材料厂 Special fertilizer for tea-oil tree and preparation method thereof
CN106431537A (en) * 2016-06-28 2017-02-22 宿松县北浴乡斌峰家庭农场 Preparation method of low-cost fertilizer-effect-retaining fertilizer special for camellia oleifera
CN106187601A (en) * 2016-07-14 2016-12-07 新乐中农金瑞肥业有限公司 Fa factor functional fertilizer

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CN1299794A (en) * 2000-11-14 2001-06-20 沈阳绿谷生态肥料有限公司 Controllable efficient organic and inorganic composite fertilizer

Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1299794A (en) * 2000-11-14 2001-06-20 沈阳绿谷生态肥料有限公司 Controllable efficient organic and inorganic composite fertilizer

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Address after: 514639 Camellia oleifera Industrial Park, county town, Guangdong, Pingyuan

Co-patentee after: Agricultural Resources and Environment Institute of Guangdong Academy of Agricultural Sciences

Patentee after: Guangdong Xindadi Biological Technology Co., Ltd.

Address before: 514639 Camellia oleifera Industrial Park, county town, Guangdong, Pingyuan

Co-patentee before: Inst. of Soil & Fertilizer, Guangdong Prov. Academy of Agricultural Science

Patentee before: Guangdong Xindadi Biological Technology Co., Ltd.