CN101473762A - Solid cultivation system and mounting method thereof - Google Patents

Solid cultivation system and mounting method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101473762A
CN101473762A CNA2009101050026A CN200910105002A CN101473762A CN 101473762 A CN101473762 A CN 101473762A CN A2009101050026 A CNA2009101050026 A CN A2009101050026A CN 200910105002 A CN200910105002 A CN 200910105002A CN 101473762 A CN101473762 A CN 101473762A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
drip irrigation
framework
basal disc
plant
base bag
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CNA2009101050026A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
赵艳丽
雷冰
夏君莲
李勇
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深圳市润和天泽环境科技发展有限公司
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Priority to CNA2009101050026A priority Critical patent/CN101473762A/en
Publication of CN101473762A publication Critical patent/CN101473762A/en

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/25Greenhouse technology, e.g. cooling systems therefor

Abstract

The invention discloses a spatial culture system and a mounting method thereof. The spatial culture system is used for spatial culture of plants, and comprises a frame and a substrate; the substrate is arranged on the frame for planting plants; and the frame is used for fixing the substrate. The method adopts the spatial culture system which can help plant the plants on a stereo frame, perform large-scale indoor and outdoor stereo surface greening, conveniently replace plant varieties and overall design, effectively improve the space utilization rate, improve the delight of life, and is convenient in implementation and realizing industrialized greening.

Description

A kind of solid cultivation system and installation method thereof

Technical field

The present invention relates to a kind of solid cultivation system and installation method, relate in particular to a kind of solid cultivation system and installation method thereof that is used for extensive industrialization vertical planting.

Background technology

Along with the develop rapidly of society, quickening of urbanization process, soil and the space that can Gong beautify the environment be fewer and feweri.The people that live in the city are not all the time at the air of standing noisy noise, muddiness, quality of life sharply descends, simultaneously, because people roll up and the widespread usage of fitting-up engineering indoor activity, harmful substances such as the carbonic acid gas of indoor environment, formaldehyde, dimethylbenzene are very many.Popularizing of various household electrical appliance aggravated indoor electromagnetic radiation and air pollution again.Therefore, improving indoor and outdoor surroundings, is a very urgent problem for the modern.Utilize existing small space farthest to afforest, allow the pure and fresh breath of the Nature come back to us at one's side, recycling precious water resource is the direction of people's effort always simultaneously.

Improve indoor and outdoor surroundings at present, to the method that surrounding environment is afforested, generally be to be positioned over method on the shelf by planting pot or with flowerpot.But it is narrower and small that planting pot makes people's living space in limited space, and the quantity of the plant that can plant also is limited; Though flowerpot is positioned on the shelf can saves certain space, be unfavorable for the greening of large-scale 3 D face, and be difficult to make certain moulding, also be not convenient for the greening of indoor stereo metope, can't realize industrialization more.

Therefore, prior art is still waiting to improve.

Summary of the invention

The objective of the invention is to above-mentioned shortcoming at prior art, provide a kind of and can effectively utilize the space, carry out the three-dimensional face intensive afforestation in indoor and outdoor, and can easily change plant variety and moulded, effectively promote delight of life, can realize afforesting the solid cultivation system and the installation method thereof of industrialization.

Technical scheme of the present invention is as follows:

A kind of solid cultivation system is used for the vertical cultivation plant, it is characterized in that, described system comprises framework and matrix; Described matrix is installed on the described framework, is used to plant plant; Described framework is used for fixing described matrix.

System of the present invention, wherein, described system also comprises drip irrigation appliance, is used to irrigate the plant of planting in described matrix.

System of the present invention, wherein, described matrix comprises base bag and basal disc; Described base bag is provided with the plant planting point, is used for splendid attire medium and plantation plant; Described base bag is installed in the described basal disc, and described basal disc is installed on the described framework; Described basal disc is provided with fixing hole, and described fixing hole is used for described base bag is fixed in the described basal disc.

System of the present invention, wherein, described framework is provided with cross bar, and correspondence is provided with hook on the described basal disc; Described hook is used for matching with described cross bar and makes described basal disc be installed in described framework.

System of the present invention, wherein, described framework is provided with feet, is used to make framework to stand separately.

System of the present invention, wherein, described drip irrigation appliance comprises head pivot, and described head pivot connects described drip irrigation arm, and described drip irrigation arm is provided with water dropper, and described water dropper is communicated with described base bag;

Described head pivot is used for water is transported to described drip irrigation arm; Described drip irrigation arm is used for transporting water, and by described water dropper water is sent in the described base bag.

System of the present invention, wherein, described basal disc is provided with droping irrigating pipe, and described droping irrigating pipe is used to install described drip irrigation arm.

System of the present invention, wherein, described basal disc bottom is provided with permeable mouthful, and described base of frame is provided with tank, and described tank is used to collect from the described permeable mouthful of dripping irrigation water that seepage is got off; Described system also comprises a storage tank, and described storage tank connects described tank and described drip irrigation appliance.

System of the present invention, wherein, described drip irrigation appliance also comprises automatic control module, described automatic control module comprises automatic controller and humidity sensor;

Described humidity sensor is installed in the described base bag, is used to monitor the humidity value of described base bag, and described humidity value is sent to described automatic controller;

Described automatic controller is used for being provided with and controlling described drip irrigation appliance opening or closing.

System of the present invention, wherein, described system also comprises liquid manure holder and fertilizer injector, and described liquid manure holder connects described fertilizer injector, and described fertilizer injector connects described drip irrigation appliance.

The present invention also provides a kind of installation method of solid cultivation system, may further comprise the steps:

A, framework is installed on the three-dimensional attachment;

B, the base bag that kind is implanted with plant are installed in the basal disc;

C, the basal disc that base bag will be installed are fixed on the framework.

Method of the present invention, wherein, described method is further comprising the steps of:

D, drip irrigation appliance is installed on the described basal disc, the drip irrigation parameter of automatic control module in the described drip irrigation appliance is set.

Method of the present invention, wherein, described method is further comprising the steps of:

E, tank is installed, on tank, is connected a storage tank, again storage tank is connected on the described drip irrigation appliance in the bottom of described framework.

The present invention is by with the vertical planting engineering simplification being the greening unit matrix of standard, in matrix, plant plant, and the matrix aggregate erection can be fixed on the attachments such as building wall, or on the space framework that can stand separately, effectively utilized the space, it implements convenient, and can change plant and entire system moulding with hobby, has beautified people's life.

Description of drawings

Fig. 1 is the solid cultivation system structure chart of the embodiment of the invention 1;

Fig. 2 is the basal body structure stereogram of the embodiment of the invention 1;

Fig. 3 is the right view of the basal disc of the embodiment of the invention 1;

Fig. 4 is the upward view of the basal disc of the embodiment of the invention 1;

Fig. 5 is the drip irrigation and the automatic control system figure of the embodiment of the invention 1;

Fig. 6 is the solid cultivation system frame diagram of the embodiment of the invention 2;

Fig. 7 is the solid cultivation system installation method flow chart in the embodiment of the invention 1.

Embodiment

Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, preferred embodiment of the present invention is described in detail.

In the embodiment of the invention 1, solid cultivation system is formed by having standard-sized greening unit matrix and framework.Wherein matrix is used to plant plant, and the matrix that framework is used for kind is implanted with plant is installed on three-dimensional attachment, thereby realizes plant planting on three-dimensional attachment.Three-dimensional attachment can be that building wall or other need be afforested the three-dimensional face of decoration, and in the present embodiment, three-dimensional attachment refers to building wall.

In the embodiment of the invention 1, the framework of solid cultivation system is a barrier formula structure, as shown in Figure 1.This barrier structure comprises at least two vertical guide rails 110 and many cross bars 120, and vertical guide rail 110 vertically is installed on the building wall 100, and cross bar 120 is horizontally fixed on the guide rail 110, and promptly cross bar 120 is vertical with guide rail 110.The basal body structure of solid cultivation system as shown in Figure 2, it comprises base bag 220 and basal disc 210.Wherein, base bag 220 is used for the splendid attire medium with the plantation plant, and base bag 220 is installed in the basal disc 210.The planar structure right view of basal disc 210 as shown in Figure 3, its back be provided with the hook 212.Each basal disc 210 is provided with two row's hooks, and every row is provided with two hooks.Level interval between the cross bar 120 equates that with the level interval of two row's hooks the spacing of two hooks of spacing and same row of hook 212 equates on the cross bar.Basal disc is installed on the framework with being connected of cross bar 120 by linking up with 212, thus with plant planting on building wall 100.

In the embodiment of the invention 1, as shown in Figure 3, basal disc 210 is the cuboid bathtub construction, and the length of side all is 30 centimetres, highly is 10 centimetres.The basal disc two sides are provided with fixing hole 214, are used for fixing base bag 220.Base bag 220 is a rectangular structure, and the length of side all is 29 centimetres, highly is 10 centimetres, and it is provided with plant planting point 221, is used to plant plant, as shown in Figure 2.13 or 25 plantation points are set on the base bag.Base bag 220 is positioned in the basal disc 210 of flute profile, as shown in Figure 2.Pass the fixing hole 214 of basal disc 210 two sides by cotton rope, base bag 220 is bundled in the basal disc 210.Also cotton rope can be directly bound on the framework simultaneously,, the vertical planting wall still be remained intact under inclement weather conditions such as typhoon so that base bag 220 and basal disc 210 integral body are installed on framework is more firm.

In the embodiment of the invention 1, solid cultivation system also comprises drip irrigation appliance, is used for irrigating to the plant of planting in the base bag, and its structure chart as shown in Figure 5.Drip irrigation appliance comprises head pivot and drip irrigation arm, and the drip irrigation arm is provided with water dropper, and the drip irrigation arm connects head pivot.Wherein the drip irrigation arm comprises main 350, arm 310 and necessary conditioning equipment, and as manometer, gate valve, pressure regulator 340, flow regulator 330 etc., its effect is that pressure (hydraulic) water is transported to water dropper equably.Head pivot comprises water source, water pump, filter 360 etc., and its effect is to draw water, apply fertilizer, filter, and the water of some is sent into the main 350 of drip irrigation arm with certain pressure.As shown in Figure 3, the top of basal disc 210 is provided with droping irrigating pipe 211, and the drip irrigation arm of drip irrigation appliance is installed on the droping irrigating pipe 211.At a plurality of water droppers that are provided with of drip irrigation arm equal intervals, make each matrix at least to a water dropper should be arranged.Water dropper is small duct, is used to make current through small duct, reduces hydraulic pressure, and water is splashed in the medium in the mode of drop.One end of water dropper is fixed on the drip irrigation arm, and the other end is placed on the surface of medium in the base bag, or shallow embedding is in medium.The water at water source is 370 these drip irrigation appliances of inflow from the feed water inlet, through behind flow controller 330, filter 360 and the pressure regulator 340, flow into the main 350 of drip irrigation arm, enter each arm 310 by main 350, enter the water dropper that is connected on the arm 310 through arm 310 again, the form of water with drop entered in the medium by water dropper.

In the embodiment of the invention 1, solid cultivation system also comprises a storage tank, on the framework base of solid cultivation system tank is installed.The basal disc bottom is provided with permeable mouthful 213, as shown in Figure 4.The base bag adopts permeable environmental protection class nonwoven or nylon-type fabric to make.Dripping irrigation water in the basic bag culture medium after irrigating through drip irrigation system oozes out the base bag, appear through permeable mouthful 213 of basal disc bottom, and seepage gets off, and the tank on framework base is collected the dripping irrigation water that gets off from the basal disc seepage, and this dripping irrigation water is stored in the storage tank.Storage tank offers drip irrigation appliance with the dripping irrigation water that stores and reuses.

In the embodiment of the invention 1, the drip irrigation appliance of solid cultivation system also comprises an automatic control module, as shown in Figure 5, this automatic control module comprises automatic controller 320 and humidity sensor, and wherein humidity sensor is installed in the base bag, is used to monitor the humidity value of base bag, and this humidity value sent to automatic controller, when humidity value was lower than the plant growing desired moisture level, automatic controller 320 was provided with and opens drip irrigation appliance, irrigated the plant of planting in the base bag; Otherwise close drip irrigation appliance.

In the embodiment of the invention 1, solid cultivation system also comprises liquid manure holder and fertilizer injector, is used to store and liquid manure is provided for the medium of the plantation plant in the base bag, and the liquid manure holder connects fertilizer injector, fertilizer injector is connected to the feed water inlet 370 of drip irrigation appliance, as shown in Figure 5.When needs apply fertilizer to medium, open drip irrigation appliance, the drip irrigation arm transportation liquid manure by drip irrigation appliance, and by water dropper liquid manure is splashed in the medium in the base bag.

In the embodiment of the invention 2, be that with solid cultivation system difference among the embodiment 1 framework of solid cultivation system is provided with feet, framework integral body can be stood separately, need not depend on three-dimensional attachment.Frame structure can be three-dimensional cabinet type structure as shown in Figure 6.At least one side of this framework is provided with cross bar 401, and matrix is provided with hook, and matrix cooperates with cross bar by hook and is fixedly mounted on the framework.Be provided with feet 402 in the bottom of framework, be used to make independent the standing of the whole energy of framework.The framework of present embodiment can be to increase feet on the barrier formula structural framing basis of embodiment 1, also four barrier formula sides can be set as shown in Figure 6, perhaps three barrier formula sides, the side that more has cross bar perhaps is set, make framework itself can not only fixed race be implanted with the matrix of plant, more can be independent become greening wall or greening spheroid etc. is special formed, make the present invention program can wait spacious place to use out of doors, have bigger flexibility.

Another object of the present invention is to, a kind of installation method of solid cultivation system is provided, the installation method flow chart as shown in Figure 7.Below in conjunction with Fig. 7, being installed on the building wall with the system with the embodiment of the invention 1 is example, and installation method is described in detail.

Step S101, cleaning attachment are holed on building wall, use the key screw frame fixation on metope;

Before this standard of coming into effect vertical planting combined system, must carefully check the engineering drawing of building wall, check the situation of building wall.As the anti-aqueous condition of metope, water power UNICOM state etc.It is level and smooth carefully and neatly done that the metope of being afforested will keep, and also needs to check wall quality, guarantees the toughness that it is enough, so that the screw wedging, fixed frame.

Before install implementing, the plant seedling will be cultivated 1~2 month in the base bag in advance, and incubation time is according to the difference of plant and difference, and each base bag has 13 strains or 25 strain plant seedlings.Through cultivating in advance, the root system of plant has infiltrated in the medium of base bag fully.

Step S102, the base bag that kind is implanted with plant are fixedly installed in the basal disc;

The base bag of having cultivated plant is placed in the basal disc, and the fixing hole that passes on the basal disc with rope yarn is fixed on the binding of base bag on the basal disc, prevents that the base bag from coming off in basal disc.

Step S103, the basal disc that base bag will be installed are fixed on the framework;

Basal disc is hung on the framework, with cotton rope pass fixing hole on the basal disc with base bag and basal disc overall fixed on framework.

Step S104, drip irrigation appliance is installed on the described basal disc, the drip irrigation parameter of automatic control module in the drip irrigation appliance is set;

The drip irrigation arm of drip irrigation appliance is installed on the droping irrigating pipe of the top of basal disc, every 30cm a water dropper is just arranged on the drip irrigation arm, corresponding corresponding basal disc all has a water dropper to guarantee each basal disc.The water source of check system, power supply connect situation; Lay automatic control system, set the drip irrigation parameter.Water tank and immersible pump are installed then, are guaranteed that drip irrigation system is even, even running.As needs fertilizer, the liquid manure holder of configurable storage liquid manure connects fertilizer injector with the liquid manure holder, fertilizer injector is connected on the drip irrigation appliance again, and liquid manure will transfer to plant root by the water dropper of drip irrigation appliance.

Step S105, in the bottom of described framework tank is installed, is used to collect dripping irrigation water that gets off from described basal disc seepage or the leaf that withers and falls, tank is connected a storage tank, storage tank connects drip irrigation appliance again, so that the dripping irrigation water of collecting is recycling.

So far, colorful, the painted standard vertical planting wall of one side has just produced.

When using solid cultivation system of the present invention to afforest indoor metope, can plant fairy bamboo, bracketplant, epipremnum aureum, fourleaf peperomia herb, evergreen, white butterfly and close shade plants such as fruit taro, fern, these plants are under the condition of low light level photograph, still can well-grown, can purify air, rational humidity in the holding chamber, have high ornamental value again.When using solid cultivation system of the present invention to afforest outdoor metope, can plant Bright Yellow, fujian tea, the red grass of Da Ye, lantana, ivy, silver-colored limit grass, thyme, drummond phlox, rosemary, etc. needs sun-drenched plant, can plant half shade plants such as African garden balsam, four seasons begonia, Rohdea under half cloudy environment.

Solid cultivation system of the present invention can in time be changed plant, at the initial stage that native system builds up, needs regularly as a week or shorter time, plant to be carried out comprehensive inspection.Check the growth conditions of plant, have or not weeds, have or not disleave, whether need the anti-evil of deinsectization, whether need phenomenons such as pruning, so that in time take measures to change or cleaning.And to make regular check on metope situation and drip irrigation system device, and check the operation that drip irrigation system and automatic control system be whether stable, good, have or not problem such as leak.

In sum, the present invention plants plant by being the greening unit matrix of standard with the vertical planting engineering simplification in matrix, and can be fixed on the attachments such as building wall the matrix aggregate erection or the framework that can stand separately, it implements convenient, has realized the industrialized implementation of greening product.And system of the present invention can easily change plant variety and moulded, effectively improves space availability ratio, and can promote delight of life.

Should be understood that, for those of ordinary skills, can be improved according to the above description or conversion, and these improvement and conversion all should belong to the protection domain of claims of the present invention.

Claims (13)

1, a kind of solid cultivation system is used for the vertical cultivation plant, it is characterized in that, described system comprises framework and matrix; Described matrix is installed on the described framework, is used to plant plant; Described framework is used for fixing described matrix.
2, the system as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that, described system also comprises drip irrigation appliance, is used to irrigate the plant of planting in described matrix.
3, system as claimed in claim 2 is characterized in that, described matrix comprises base bag and basal disc; Described base bag is provided with the plant planting point, is used for splendid attire medium and plantation plant; Described base bag is installed in the described basal disc, and described basal disc is installed on the described framework; Described basal disc is provided with fixing hole, and described fixing hole is used for described base bag is fixed in the described basal disc.
4, system as claimed in claim 3 is characterized in that, described framework is provided with cross bar, and correspondence is provided with hook on the described basal disc; Described hook is used for matching with described cross bar and makes described basal disc be installed in described framework.
5, system as claimed in claim 4 is characterized in that, described framework is provided with feet, is used to make framework to stand separately.
6, as claim 3,4 or 5 described systems, it is characterized in that described drip irrigation appliance comprises head pivot, described head pivot connects described drip irrigation arm, and described drip irrigation arm is provided with water dropper, and described water dropper is communicated with described base bag;
Described head pivot is used for water is transported to described drip irrigation arm; Described drip irrigation arm is used for transporting water, and by described water dropper water is sent in the described base bag.
7, system as claimed in claim 6 is characterized in that, described basal disc is provided with droping irrigating pipe, and described droping irrigating pipe is used to install described drip irrigation arm.
8, system as claimed in claim 6 is characterized in that, described basal disc bottom is provided with permeable mouthful, and described base of frame is provided with tank, and described tank is used to collect from the described permeable mouthful of dripping irrigation water that seepage is got off; Described system also comprises a storage tank, and described storage tank connects described tank and described drip irrigation appliance.
9, system as claimed in claim 6 is characterized in that, described drip irrigation appliance also comprises automatic control module, and described automatic control module comprises automatic controller and humidity sensor;
Described humidity sensor is installed in the described base bag, is used to monitor the humidity value of described base bag, and described humidity value is sent to described automatic controller;
Described automatic controller is used for being provided with and controlling described drip irrigation appliance opening or closing.
10, system as claimed in claim 6 is characterized in that, described system also comprises liquid manure holder and fertilizer injector, and described liquid manure holder connects described fertilizer injector, and described fertilizer injector connects described drip irrigation appliance.
11, a kind of installation method of solid cultivation system may further comprise the steps:
A, framework is installed on the three-dimensional attachment;
B, the base bag that kind is implanted with plant are installed in the basal disc;
C, the basal disc that base bag will be installed are fixed on the framework.
12, method as claimed in claim 11 is characterized in that, described method is further comprising the steps of:
D, drip irrigation appliance is installed on the described basal disc, the drip irrigation parameter of automatic control module in the described drip irrigation appliance is set.
13, method as claimed in claim 12 is characterized in that, described method is further comprising the steps of:
E, tank is installed, on tank, is connected a storage tank, again storage tank is connected on the described drip irrigation appliance in the bottom of described framework.
CNA2009101050026A 2009-01-15 2009-01-15 Solid cultivation system and mounting method thereof CN101473762A (en)

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CN102726245A (en) * 2012-07-20 2012-10-17 广西南宁美丽城环境科技有限公司 Wall greening mesh module
CN102754571A (en) * 2012-08-08 2012-10-31 上海龙人石业装饰有限公司 Vine vertical greening progressively-rising type quick shading structure
CN102907274A (en) * 2012-10-10 2013-02-06 张宇顺 Three-dimensional afforesting structure component and three-dimensional afforesting method
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CN103444405B (en) * 2013-08-29 2016-08-17 永嘉县原野园林工程有限公司 Wall body vertical greening method and the plant curtain wall of formation thereof
CN103444405A (en) * 2013-08-29 2013-12-18 永嘉县原野园林工程有限公司 Vertical wall body greening method and plant curtain wall formed by using same
CN103947475A (en) * 2013-11-11 2014-07-30 深圳市铁汉生态环境股份有限公司 Movable perpendicular greening container and perpendicular greening system
CN103798076A (en) * 2013-11-11 2014-05-21 深圳市铁汉生态环境股份有限公司 Vertical greening planting container and vertical greening system
CN103999710A (en) * 2014-06-16 2014-08-27 殷建华 Water storage automatic irrigation type simple plant picture system
CN104012343A (en) * 2014-06-17 2014-09-03 吉林省超和农业投资有限公司 Plant cultivation device
CN104584930A (en) * 2015-01-26 2015-05-06 青岛绿锦和环境保护有限公司 Miniature ecological system for air pollution purifying and preparation method thereof
CN104938320A (en) * 2015-06-17 2015-09-30 深圳市铁汉生态环境股份有限公司 Simple and convenient three-dimensional greening module and system
CN105660355A (en) * 2016-01-11 2016-06-15 涂宝鑫 Intelligent vegetable cultivation experiment frame based on integrated circuit (IC) identification

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