TWI555467B - Three - dimensional green structure components and three - dimensional greening method - Google Patents

Three - dimensional green structure components and three - dimensional greening method Download PDF

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TWI555467B
TWI555467B TW101149218A TW101149218A TWI555467B TW I555467 B TWI555467 B TW I555467B TW 101149218 A TW101149218 A TW 101149218A TW 101149218 A TW101149218 A TW 101149218A TW I555467 B TWI555467 B TW I555467B
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bag body
base body
bag
greened
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TW201414415A (en
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Yu Shun Chang
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立體綠化結構組件及立體綠化方法Three-dimensional green structure component and three-dimensional greening method

    本發明涉及綠化、栽培技術領域,尤其涉及一種立體綠化結構組件及立體綠化方法。The invention relates to the field of greening and cultivation technology, in particular to a three-dimensional greening structure component and a three-dimensional greening method.

    隨著經濟的高速發展,城市化進程迅猛加快,城市人均綠化實際佔有面積越來越少。城市立體綠化是城市綠化的重要形式之一,是改善城市生態環境,豐富城市綠化景觀重要而有效的方式。發展立體綠化,能豐富城區園林綠化的空間結構層次和城市立體景觀藝術效果,有助於進一步增加城市綠量,減少熱島效應,吸塵、減少噪音和有害氣體,例如,可以有效吸收PM2.5,營造和改善城區生態環境,吸收陽光熱量,還能保溫隔熱,節約能源,也可以滯留雨水,緩解城市下水、排水壓力。With the rapid development of the economy, the urbanization process has accelerated rapidly, and the actual urban green space per capita has become less and less. Urban three-dimensional greening is one of the important forms of urban greening, and it is an important and effective way to improve the urban ecological environment and enrich the urban greening landscape. The development of three-dimensional greening can enrich the spatial structure of urban landscaping and the effect of urban three-dimensional landscape art, which will help to further increase urban green volume, reduce heat island effect, vacuum, reduce noise and harmful gases, for example, can effectively absorb PM2.5. To create and improve the urban ecological environment, absorb solar heat, heat insulation, save energy, and also retain rainwater, relieve urban sewage and drainage pressure.

    基於上述目的,目前市面已經出現很多立體綠化技術,以滿足立體綠化需求。例如,中國專利文獻CN201888119U公開一種“牆面綠化種植盒”,如第一圖所示,其包括盒體(101),在所述盒體(101)內設置有一空腔,在所述盒體的頂部設置有開口(102),所述開口(102)與所述空腔連通;在所述盒體的一側面設置有至少一個通孔(103),所述通孔(103)與所述空腔連通。Based on the above objectives, many three-dimensional greening technologies have emerged in the market to meet the needs of three-dimensional greening. For example, Chinese Patent Publication No. CN201888119U discloses a "wall greening planting box", as shown in the first figure, which comprises a box body (101) in which a cavity is provided in the box body (101). The top of the box is provided with an opening (102), the opening (102) is in communication with the cavity; at least one through hole (103) is disposed on one side of the box, the through hole (103) and the The cavities are connected.

    該專利經由構造牆面綠化種植盒,從而可將種植基質填裝在種植盒內,再在種植盒的一側面開設通孔,使得通孔和種植盒內的種植基質連通,在各個通孔內種植綠化植物,將多個這種種植盒拼裝在牆面,形成對牆面的拼裝綠化,可有效地實現對牆面進行立體綠化。但是其也存在一定的缺點,採用上述的盒體結構,如果盒體採用PVC等密封性能好的硬性材料製成,由於其不透水、透氣,對於植物的生長是極為不利的,如果盒體採用海綿等柔性材料製成,盒體的牢固度將成為隱患,同時將上述多個盒體進行拼裝於牆面,施工的難度及工作量很大,且拼裝後的強度也存在隱患。The patent is constructed by constructing a wall greening planting box, so that the planting substrate can be filled in the planting box, and then a through hole is formed in one side of the planting box, so that the through hole and the planting substrate in the planting box are connected, and the through holes are in each through hole. Planting green plants, assembling a plurality of such planting boxes on the wall surface, forming a greening of the wall surface, and effectively realizing the three-dimensional greening of the wall surface. However, it also has certain disadvantages. If the above-mentioned box structure is used, if the box body is made of a hard material such as PVC, it is extremely unfavorable for plant growth because it is impervious to water and gas, if the box body is used. Made of flexible material such as sponge, the firmness of the box will become a hidden danger. At the same time, the above-mentioned plurality of boxes are assembled on the wall surface, the construction difficulty and the workload are large, and the strength after assembly is also hidden.

    又如,中國專利文獻CN101473762A公開一種“立體栽培系統”,參見第二圖至第四圖所示,該系統包括框架和基體,基體用於種植植物,框架用於將種植有植物的基體安裝於牆面(104)上,從而實現將植物種植於牆面(104)上。其中,框架為欄柵式結構,包括至少兩條垂直的導軌(105)和多條橫桿(106),垂直的導軌(105)垂直安裝於牆面(104)上,橫桿(106)水準固定在導軌(105)上,基體包括基袋(107)和基盤(108),基袋(107)內盛裝培養基,基袋(107)上設置多個植物種植點(110),用於種植植物,基袋(107)安裝於基盤(108)內,基盤(108)的背部設置有掛鈎(109),經由掛鈎(109)與橫桿(106)的配合連接將基盤(108)安裝於框架上,從而達到將植物種植於牆面上。For example, Chinese Patent Publication No. CN101473762A discloses a "stereoscopic cultivation system", as shown in the second to fourth figures, the system includes a frame and a base body, the base body is used for planting plants, and the frame is used for mounting the substrate on which the plants are planted. On the wall (104), the plant is planted on the wall (104). Wherein, the frame is a fence structure comprising at least two vertical rails (105) and a plurality of crossbars (106), and the vertical rails (105) are vertically mounted on the wall surface (104), and the crossbar (106) level Fixed on the guide rail (105), the base body comprises a base bag (107) and a base plate (108), the base bag (107) contains a culture medium, and the base bag (107) is provided with a plurality of plant planting points (110) for planting plants. The base bag (107) is mounted in the base plate (108), and the back of the base plate (108) is provided with a hook (109), and the base plate (108) is mounted on the frame via a mating connection of the hook (109) and the cross bar (106). In order to achieve planting plants on the wall.

    該專利的立體栽培系統經由將植物種植於立體框架上,能進行室內、室外立體面大規模綠化,且能方便的更換植物品種及整體造型。但是,其存在的缺陷在於:立體栽培系統的採用大量的結構件,重量大,體積大,運輸困難,施工難度大,安全性不夠高,導致材料及人工成本高,而且大量使用金屬桿件等結構件的做法也不夠環保,綠化完成後,由於其重量太重,存在可能掉落等隱患,在安裝過程中一旦出現掉落等現象,將可能會造成極大的人生危險和財產損失,存在使用上的安全隱患。The three-dimensional cultivation system of the patent can carry out large-scale greening of indoor and outdoor three-dimensional surfaces by planting plants on a three-dimensional frame, and can easily replace plant varieties and overall shapes. However, its shortcomings are: the three-dimensional cultivation system uses a large number of structural parts, the weight is large, the volume is large, the transportation is difficult, the construction is difficult, the safety is not high enough, the material and labor cost are high, and the metal rods are used in a large amount. The structure of the structural parts is also not environmentally friendly. After the completion of the greening, due to its heavy weight, there may be hidden dangers such as falling. If there is a phenomenon such as falling during the installation process, it may cause great danger to life and property loss. A security risk.

    再如,中國專利文獻CN102461425A公開一種“立柱綠化系統”,參見第五圖所示,其包括中空支撐柱(111),在沿中空支撐柱(111)的軸向上間隔安裝有多個種植桶(112);每個種植桶(112)的周邊設置有多排種植孔(113),相鄰的兩排種植孔的位置相互錯開;在所述中空支撐柱的軸心處設置有進水管,在每個種植桶的桶口處設置有與所述進水管連通的滴灌管,在所述滴灌管的外壁上設置有至少一個與所述滴灌管連通的滴頭。該發明經由沿支撐柱的軸向構造多個種植桶(112),在種植桶(112)的周邊外設多排種植孔(113),從而可將綠化植物種植在種植孔(113)內,形成從上到下且360度方向上的綠化,可有效地實現立體綠化,使得綠化有更大的空間。但是其用材多,體積大,導致能耗高,材料的成本高;重量大,結構複雜,導致運輸困難和安裝困難,施工成本高;同時,大多採用金屬或者塑膠材質,屬於高排放低吸收的產品,不符合節能環保的概念,不利於回收利用,容易造成環境的二次污染。For example, Chinese Patent Publication No. CN102461425A discloses a "column greening system", as shown in the fifth figure, which comprises a hollow support column (111), and a plurality of planting buckets are installed at intervals along the axial direction of the hollow support column (111) ( 112); each of the planting barrels (112) is provided with a plurality of rows of planting holes (113), and the positions of the adjacent two rows of planting holes are mutually staggered; an inlet pipe is arranged at the axis of the hollow supporting column, A drip irrigation pipe communicating with the water inlet pipe is disposed at a barrel mouth of each planting bucket, and at least one dripper connected to the drip irrigation pipe is disposed on an outer wall of the drip irrigation pipe. The invention constructs a plurality of planting barrels (112) along the axial direction of the supporting column, and a plurality of rows of planting holes (113) are peripherally arranged around the planting barrel (112), so that the greening plants can be planted in the planting holes (113). The formation of greening from top to bottom and 360 degrees can effectively realize three-dimensional greening, so that greening has more space. However, it has many materials and large volume, resulting in high energy consumption and high material cost. The weight is large and the structure is complicated, which causes transportation difficulties and installation difficulties, and the construction cost is high. At the same time, most of them are made of metal or plastic materials, which are high-emission and low-absorption. The product does not conform to the concept of energy saving and environmental protection, which is not conducive to recycling and is likely to cause secondary pollution of the environment.

    縱觀現有技術的立體綠化技術,其存在共同的缺陷,即,需要相應的支撐構件,安裝複雜,導致施工工程量大。而且,由於所述支撐構件重量大,體積大,結構複雜,導致運輸及施工困難,加工成本與施工成本均居高不下。同時,由於其特定的固定、安裝方式,導致其移動不便,拆裝困難,由此導致其應用範圍受限。Looking at the three-dimensional greening technology of the prior art, there are common defects, that is, the corresponding supporting members are required, and the installation is complicated, resulting in a large amount of construction work. Moreover, since the support member has a large weight, a large volume, and a complicated structure, transportation and construction are difficult, and processing cost and construction cost are high. At the same time, due to its specific fixing and installation methods, it is inconvenient to move and difficult to disassemble, which results in limited application range.

    本發明的一個目的,在於提供一種立體綠化結構組件,其經由採用柔性、透水、透氣、不透土的材料製成,具有高強度、高韌性及抗紫外線照射等優點。本發明的另一個目的,在於提供一種立體綠化結構組件,其經由採用柔性的透氣及透水性好的材料製成,能夠給植物提供長久穩定、可靠的生長環境。It is an object of the present invention to provide a three-dimensional greening structure assembly that is made of a material that is flexible, permeable, breathable, and impermeable to soil, and that has the advantages of high strength, high toughness, and resistance to ultraviolet radiation. Another object of the present invention is to provide a three-dimensional greening structure assembly which is made of a material that is flexible and permeable to water and provides a long-term stable and reliable growth environment for plants.

    本發明的另一個目的,在於提供一種立體綠化結構組件,具有輕質、體積小、結構可靠性高、環保和外形美觀的優點。Another object of the present invention is to provide a three-dimensional green structure component which has the advantages of light weight, small volume, high structural reliability, environmental protection and beautiful appearance.

    本發明的另一個目的,在於提供一種立體綠化結構組件,其體積小、重量輕,運輸方便,施工容易。Another object of the present invention is to provide a three-dimensional green structure component which is small in size, light in weight, convenient in transportation, and easy to construct.

    本發明的另一個目的,在於提供一種立體綠化結構組件,具有可移動、拆裝方便的優點。Another object of the present invention is to provide a three-dimensional greening structure assembly, which has the advantages of being movable, convenient to disassemble and assemble.

    本發明的再一個目的,在於提供一種立體綠化方法,經由基體的一體式結構設計,施工容易,工作量少。Still another object of the present invention is to provide a three-dimensional greening method which is easy to construct and has a small amount of work through an integrated structural design of the base.

    本發明的再一個目的,在於提供一種立體綠化方法,無需採用複雜結構的支撐構件,降低了加工成本和施工成本。Still another object of the present invention is to provide a three-dimensional greening method that eliminates the need for a support member of a complicated structure, thereby reducing processing costs and construction costs.

    本發明的再一個目的,在於提供一種立體綠化方法,具有施工方法靈活、能適應各種施工環境的優點。Still another object of the present invention is to provide a three-dimensional greening method which has the advantages of flexible construction method and adaptability to various construction environments.

    為達此目的,本發明採用以下技術方案:一種立體綠化結構組件,所述組件具有基體,所述基體上設置複數個袋體,所述基體採用抗紫外線、柔性、透氣、透水、不透土的第一材料,所述袋體採用抗紫外線、柔性、透氣、透水、不透土的第二材料,所述袋體內具有植物生長材料。To achieve this, the present invention adopts the following technical solution: a three-dimensional green structure component, the component has a base body, and the base body is provided with a plurality of bag bodies, and the base body is resistant to ultraviolet rays, flexible, permeable, permeable, and impervious. The first material of the bag body is a second material resistant to ultraviolet rays, flexible, breathable, water permeable, and impermeable to soil, and the bag body has a plant growth material.

    作為上述的立體綠化結構組件的一種最佳選擇係方案,所述第一材料與所述第二材料相同。As a preferred alternative to the above-described three-dimensional green structure component, the first material is the same as the second material.

    本發明所選用的第一材料和第二材料,可以選用任何滿足柔軟、透氣、透水、不透土並具有一定強度的材料。但出於抗日照氧化、使用壽命等方面的考慮,本發明最佳選擇係採用不織布,更佳選擇係採用PP不織布,產品型號為351CC,普通PP不織布具有無毒和耐酸堿的優點,是一種環保材料,但是其抗紫外線能力較弱,但是本發明採用的型號為351CC的PP不織布的組件,經SGS報告(編號:SZML 090500711-8.7-02,見第十八圖)檢測,實驗室紫外線照射500小時後,最大拉力橫向變化96.2%,縱向變化率106.6%。其最大拉力變化很小,甚至在橫向還有所增強。因此採用所述不織布材料,相較於其他材料,產生了預料不到的技術效果。本發明採用不織布材料之後,所述組件的使用壽命可以達到8年以上,經綠化後的組件使用壽命甚至可達數十年,遠遠超出現有技術的5-10個月的使用壽命。當然,本發明的組件也可採用任何滿足抗紫外線、柔軟、透氣、透水、不透土並具有一定強度的紡織物。The first material and the second material selected for use in the present invention may be any material that satisfies softness, gas permeability, water permeability, soil impermeability, and strength. However, in view of anti-sunlight oxidation, service life and the like, the best choice of the present invention is to use non-woven fabric, and the better choice is to use PP non-woven fabric, the product model is 351CC, ordinary PP non-woven fabric has the advantages of non-toxicity and acid resistance, is an environmental protection. Material, but its UV resistance is weak, but the 351CC PP non-woven component used in the present invention is tested by SGS (No. SZML 090500711-8.7-02, see Figure 18), laboratory UV irradiation 500 After an hour, the maximum tensile force varies laterally by 96.2% and the longitudinal rate of change is 106.6%. Its maximum tensile force changes little, even in the lateral direction. Therefore, the use of the non-woven material produces unexpected technical effects compared to other materials. After the non-woven fabric material is used in the invention, the service life of the component can reach more than 8 years, and the service life of the component after greening can reach several decades, far exceeding the service life of 5-10 months of the prior art. Of course, the assembly of the present invention can also be used with any textile that meets the requirements of UV resistance, softness, breathability, water permeability, soil impermeability and strength.

    作為上述的立體綠化結構組件的一種最佳選擇係方案,所述基體上設置有用於將其固定於待綠化區域的固定部。As a preferred alternative of the above-described three-dimensional green structure component, the base body is provided with a fixing portion for fixing it to a region to be greened.

    最佳選擇,所述袋體設置於所述基體的一面,與該面相對的另一面設置有用於將基體固定於待綠化區域的第一連接體。第一連接體即為所述固定部,其設置位置以能夠將基體可靠固定於待綠化區域為准,例如,第一連接體可設置於基體的四角。第一連接體適於採用系綁物或掛鈎或連接扣,經由所述設置,使得本發明的組件在各種室內或室外場合,均可經由該第一連接體實現綠化結構組件與待綠化區域的快速、可靠的結合,例如,在室外道路建設或者房屋建設等場合,通常會在建設單元的四周採用圍欄或者鐵絲網保護結構,對於上述的保護結構進行綠化,可以經由基體背面的系綁物與鐵絲網快速綁接,同時,經由上述設計也同樣能夠方便立體綠化結構組件的拆除。其他本領域技術人員可以獲知的用於固定柔性基體的連接結構也可適用於本發明。Preferably, the bag body is disposed on one side of the base body, and the other side opposite to the surface is provided with a first connecting body for fixing the base body to the area to be greened. The first connecting body is the fixing portion, and is disposed at a position to reliably fix the base body to the area to be greened. For example, the first connecting body may be disposed at four corners of the base body. The first connecting body is adapted to adopt a tie or a hook or a connecting buckle, through which the assembly of the present invention can realize the greening structure component and the area to be greened through the first connecting body in various indoor or outdoor situations. Fast and reliable combination. For example, in outdoor road construction or house construction, fences or barbed wire protection structures are usually used around the construction unit. For the above-mentioned protection structure, greening can be carried out via the back of the base and the wire mesh. Quickly splicing, at the same time, through the above design can also facilitate the removal of the three-dimensional green structure components. Other connection structures for fixing a flexible substrate known to those skilled in the art are also applicable to the present invention.

    可選的,所述基體的端部設置有卷軸,所述卷軸上設置用於將基體固定於待綠化區域的第二連接體。其中,所述卷軸適於設置於基體的上端部和/或下端部。本領域技術人員可以理解的是,所述卷軸也可設置於基體的左端部和/或右端部。最佳選擇係的,所述第二連接體適於採用掛繩或掛鈎。經由上述設置,可以經由卷軸上的第二連接體與室內或室外的待綠化牆面進行快速拆裝,從而達到快速綠化目的。Optionally, the end of the base body is provided with a reel, and the reel is provided with a second connecting body for fixing the base body to the area to be greened. Wherein the reel is adapted to be disposed at an upper end portion and/or a lower end portion of the base body. It will be understood by those skilled in the art that the reel can also be disposed at the left end and/or the right end of the base. Preferably, the second connector is adapted to use a lanyard or hook. Through the above arrangement, the second connecting body on the reel can be quickly disassembled with the indoor or outdoor wall to be greened, thereby achieving rapid greening.

    可選的,所述基體包覆於一基板表面,袋體設置於基體上遠離基板的一面,所述基板上遠離基體的一面設置用於將基體及基板固定於待綠化區域的第三連接體;或,所述基體包覆於一框架表面,袋體設置於基體上遠離框架的一面,所述框架上遠離基體的一面設置用於將基體及框架固定於待綠化區域的第三連接體;所述第三連接體最佳選擇係採用掛鈎,可以實現與待綠化區域進行快速掛接,同時,為以後的拆卸工作提供了便利,本領域技術人員可以理解的是,具有便於掛接的各種室內或室外待綠化面均可經由上述設計進行快速綠化。Optionally, the substrate is coated on a surface of the substrate, and the bag body is disposed on a side of the substrate away from the substrate, and a third connector on the substrate away from the substrate is disposed for fixing the substrate and the substrate to the area to be greened. Or the substrate is coated on a surface of the frame, the bag body is disposed on a side of the base body away from the frame, and a side of the frame away from the base body is provided with a third connecting body for fixing the base body and the frame to the area to be greened; The third connector is optimally selected by using a hook, which can be quickly attached to the area to be greened, and at the same time, facilitates the disassembly work in the future, and those skilled in the art can understand that there are various types for facilitating the hooking. Indoor or outdoor green surfaces can be quickly greened through the above design.

    作為上述的立體綠化結構組件的一種最佳選擇係方案,所述袋體為開口型袋體或封口型袋體,且袋體內具有容置植物生長材料的容納空間。As a preferred option of the above-mentioned three-dimensional green structure component, the bag body is an open type bag body or a sealed type bag body, and the bag body has a receiving space for accommodating the plant growth material.

    可選的,所述袋體為開口型袋體,所述袋體內裝有植物生長材料,所述植物生長材料直接裝於袋體的容納空間內或者預先裝於盆體內間接裝於袋體的容納空間內。開口型袋體能夠實現在立體綠化結構組件安裝完成以後,向袋體內直接裝入植物生長材料或者放置裝有植物生長材料的盆體,由於在安裝時立體綠化結構組件並未裝有植物生長材料,其輕質的優點能夠利於安裝。Optionally, the bag body is an open-type bag body, and the bag body is filled with a plant growth material, and the plant growth material is directly installed in the accommodating space of the bag body or pre-installed in the bag body and indirectly attached to the bag body. Accommodate the space. The open-type bag body can directly insert the plant growth material into the bag body or place the pot body containing the plant growth material after the installation of the three-dimensional green structure component, because the three-dimensional green structure component is not equipped with the plant growth material during installation. Its lightweight advantages can facilitate installation.

    可選的,所述袋體為封口型袋體,且所述袋體在所述基體上呈橫向或豎向設置,所述袋體的容納空間內裝有植物生長材料,所述袋體上開設用於種植植物的種植點。封口型袋體是在加工時就已經裝入植物生長材料,在立體綠化結構組件安裝後,直接經由在袋體上開設種植點實現種植植物目的,其更有利於節約工期。Optionally, the bag body is a sealed bag body, and the bag body is disposed laterally or vertically on the base body, and the bag body receiving space is filled with a plant growth material, and the bag body is mounted on the bag body. Open planting sites for planting plants. The sealed bag body has been loaded with the plant growth material at the time of processing. After the three-dimensional green structure component is installed, the planting point is directly realized by setting a planting point on the bag body, which is more conducive to saving the construction period.

    所述植物生長材料為土壤或者有機土壤,將植物或者植物種子種植於該植物生長材料內,達到綠化目的,本領域技術人員可以理解的是其他有利於植物生長的材料也同樣適用於本發明,例如,有機肥料。The plant growth material is soil or organic soil, and plant or plant seeds are planted in the plant growth material for greening purposes, and those skilled in the art can understand that other materials suitable for plant growth are also applicable to the present invention. For example, organic fertilizers.

    作為上述的立體綠化結構組件的一種最佳選擇係方案,所述袋體黏結或者縫製於所述基體上。本發明的袋體與基體均採用柔性、透氣、透水、不透土的材料,其在結構上相對於傳統的立體綠化結構要簡單,在加工時,袋體、基體可以單獨加工,適於批量化生產,袋體與基體相互組裝也極為方便,可以採用黏結或者縫製方式,還可以採用其他能實現快速拆裝的連接件,例如,鎖針、鈕扣等連接件。As a preferred alternative to the above-described three-dimensional green structure component, the bag body is bonded or sewn to the base body. The bag body and the base body of the invention adopt flexible, permeable, water-permeable and soil-impermeable materials, and the structure is simpler than the traditional three-dimensional greening structure. When processing, the bag body and the base body can be processed separately, and are suitable for batch processing. The production of the bag body and the base body is also very convenient, and the bonding or sewing method can be adopted, and other connecting members capable of quick disassembly and assembly, for example, a connecting piece such as a lock pin and a button, can be used.

    可選的,所述袋體與所述基體之間設置用於阻斷植物根系向基體一側滲透的隔離層,或,在所述基體上遠離袋體的一面設置用於阻斷植物根系向基體一側滲透的隔離層。所述隔離層具有獨立完整結構,能夠阻止植物根系向基體一側滲透,從而可以防止植物根系透過基體進入牆面等綠化面,從而防止了根系對建築物等的破壞。所述隔離層可採用符合要求的輕質鋁箔紙,當然本領域技術人員可以理解的是其他具有獨立完整結構並可以阻止植物根系穿透的輕質材料也可用於本發明。Optionally, a separation layer is formed between the bag body and the base body for blocking the penetration of the plant roots toward the substrate side, or a side of the substrate body away from the bag body is arranged to block the root orientation of the plant. A barrier layer that penetrates one side of the substrate. The separation layer has an independent and complete structure, which can prevent the root of the plant from infiltrating into the side of the substrate, thereby preventing the roots of the plant from entering the green surface such as the wall through the substrate, thereby preventing the roots from damaging the building and the like. The barrier layer can be made of lightweight aluminum foil as desired, although it will be understood by those skilled in the art that other lightweight materials having a separate intact structure and preventing the penetration of plant roots can also be used in the present invention.

    作為上述的立體綠化結構組件的一種最佳選擇方案,所述袋體內與植物生長材料相混合的裝有吸水材料。吸水材料用於吸收水分,例如,吸水材料可採用吸水樹脂,在種植植物前或者種植植物後,將用於澆灌或滴灌的水分吸收,以供植物生長需求,為植物提供適於其生長的環境。As a preferred alternative to the above-described three-dimensional green structure component, the bag body is mixed with a plant growth material and is provided with a water absorbing material. The water absorbing material is used for absorbing moisture. For example, the water absorbing material may be a water absorbing resin, and the water used for watering or drip irrigation is absorbed before planting the plant or after planting the plant for the growth of the plant, and the plant is provided with an environment suitable for the growth thereof. .

    一種立體綠化方法,包括如下步驟:A three-dimensional greening method includes the following steps:

(1)、提供所述的立體綠化結構組件;(1) providing the three-dimensional green structure component;

(2)、基體與待綠化區域牢固結合;(2) The base body is firmly combined with the area to be greened;

(3)、在袋體內種植植物;(3) planting plants in the bag;

其中步驟(2)和步驟(3)順序可以顛倒。The order of step (2) and step (3) can be reversed.

    在北方寒冷的季節,植物一般會落葉並停止生長,因此冬天會無法對特定牆面、場所進行綠化。或者,在慶典、會議等場合,需要短期內立即綠化覆蓋。因此,本發明的立體綠化方法最佳選擇係採用如下步驟:In the cold seasons of the north, plants generally fall and stop growing, so it is impossible to green the specific walls and places in winter. Or, in celebrations, meetings, etc., it is necessary to immediately cover the greenery in a short period of time. Therefore, the optimal selection of the three-dimensional greening method of the present invention adopts the following steps:

(1’)、預先培育所需植物;(1'), pre-cultivating the desired plants;

(1)、提供所述的立體綠化結構組件;(1) providing the three-dimensional green structure component;

(2)、基體與待綠化區域牢固結合;(2) The base body is firmly combined with the area to be greened;

(3)、將步驟(1’)得到的植物種植於袋體內。(3) Planting the plant obtained in the step (1') in a bag.

    經由所述設置,在北方寒冷的季節,可以在溫室、大棚等適宜植物生長的場所,預先對所選植物進行培育,使植物達到相應綠化需求,當需要綠化時,先將所述組件與待綠化區域牢固結合,然後將上述符合要求的植物直接移植於袋體內即可。此外,對一些需要快速綠化特定的場所,例如開業、會議、展覽等需要立即綠化美化的場所,或者不需長期綠化、美化的場所,將已經生長完畢的植物立體綠化構件,直接對上述特定環境進行綠化和美化。Through the setting, in the cold season in the north, the selected plants can be cultivated in advance in a place suitable for plant growth such as a greenhouse or a greenhouse, so that the plants can meet the corresponding greening requirements. When greening is required, the components are first treated. The green areas are firmly combined, and then the above-mentioned plants can be directly transplanted into the bag. In addition, for some places that need to quickly green specific areas, such as opening, conferences, exhibitions, etc., which need to be immediately greened and beautified, or where there is no need for long-term greening and beautification, the three-dimensional greening components of the plants that have been grown will be directly directed to the above specific environment. Carry out greening and beautification.

    本發明的立體綠化方法還可選如下步驟:首先,在所述的立體綠化結構組件的袋體內種植植物;然後,促進植物生長,以使植物部分覆蓋或完全覆蓋所述基體;最後,將所述的立體綠化結構組件的基體與待綠化區域牢固結合。The three-dimensional greening method of the present invention may further comprise the following steps: first, planting a plant in a bag of the three-dimensional green structure component; and then, promoting plant growth, so that the plant partially covers or completely covers the substrate; The base of the three-dimensional green structure component is firmly combined with the area to be greened.

    經由所述設置,首先對袋體內的植物促進生長,使得植物將基體部分或完全覆蓋,從而達到相應綠化要求時,再將所述綠化完畢的組件進行室外快速安裝,可以實現冬季對特定牆面或場所的綠化美化。Through the setting, the plant in the bag is first promoted to grow, so that the plant partially or completely covers the substrate, so as to achieve the corresponding greening requirements, the greened component can be quickly installed outdoors, and the specific wall surface can be realized in winter. Or the greening of the place.

    本發明所用的植物,可以是爬藤植物,可以是花草,也可以是蔬菜類。所述植物品種的選擇,以具體的應用場所、具體的綠化美化實用要求為准。The plant used in the present invention may be a vine plant, and may be a flower or a vegetable. The selection of the plant variety shall be based on the specific application site and the specific greening and beautifying practical requirements.

    本發明還可以配置澆灌或滴灌系統,用以對植物進行澆灌或滴灌,提供植物生長所需水分,當然,澆灌或滴灌系統可以根據綠化地區及季節等要求配置或不配置,例如,在北方乾旱地區,需要配置澆灌或滴灌系統。The invention can also be configured with a watering or drip irrigation system for watering or drip irrigation of plants to provide water for plant growth. Of course, the watering or drip irrigation system can be configured or not configured according to the requirements of the greening area and the season, for example, in the north In the area, a watering or drip irrigation system is required.

    作為上述的立體綠化方法的一種最佳選擇係方案,所述步驟(2)中,As a preferred selection scheme of the above-mentioned three-dimensional greening method, in the step (2),

    所述基體經由粘著劑和/或水泥與所述待綠化區域黏結;The substrate is bonded to the area to be greened via an adhesive and/or cement;

    或,所述基體經由所述第一連接體與所述待綠化區域結合;Or the substrate is combined with the area to be greened via the first connecting body;

    或,所述基體經由所述第二連接體與所述待綠化區域結合;Or the substrate is combined with the area to be greened via the second connecting body;

    或,所述基體經由所述第三連接體與所述待綠化區域結合。Or the substrate is combined with the area to be greened via the third connecting body.

    或者,所述步驟(2)中,所述基體經由粘著劑和/或水泥與所述待綠化區域黏結;Alternatively, in the step (2), the substrate is bonded to the area to be greened via an adhesive and/or cement;

    和,所述基體經由所述第一連接體與所述待綠化區域結合;And the substrate is combined with the area to be greened via the first connecting body;

    和,所述基體經由所述第二連接體與所述待綠化區域結合;And the substrate is combined with the area to be greened via the second connecting body;

    和,所述基體經由所述第三連接體與所述待綠化區域結合。And the substrate is combined with the area to be greened via the third connecting body.

    相對於現有技術,本發明的有益效果:Compared with the prior art, the beneficial effects of the present invention:

    1、經由在基體上設置複數個袋體,且袋體與基體分別採用柔性、透氣、透水、不透土的第一材料和第二材料,本發明第一材料與第二材料均最佳選擇係採用型號為351CC的PP不織布,本發明採用上述不織布的組件具有抗紫外線照射的優點,使用壽命可以達到8年以上,經綠化後使用壽命甚至可達數十年,遠遠超出現有技術的5-10個月的使用壽命,更利於為植物提供長久穩定、可靠的生長環境;1. The first material and the second material of the present invention are optimally selected by providing a plurality of bag bodies on the substrate, and the bag body and the base body respectively adopt the first material and the second material which are flexible, breathable, permeable, and impermeable to soil. The utility model adopts the PP non-woven fabric of the model 351CC, and the component of the invention adopting the above non-woven fabric has the advantages of anti-ultraviolet radiation, the service life can reach more than 8 years, and the service life after the greening can even reach several decades, far exceeding the prior art 5 - 10 months of service life, which is more conducive to providing plants with a long-term stable and reliable growth environment;

    2、傳統的立體綠化方法大多採用硬體拼接施工工藝,大量使用結構件,本發明的基體採用一體式結構,袋體可以經由黏結或縫製於基體上,且基體和袋體均採用柔性材料,重量輕,體較小,運輸方便,施工容易,節省了材料成本和施工成本;相較於現有技術施工週期在1天甚至幾天以上的漫長週期,本發明的組件,可以在很短的時間,例如幾分鐘內,即可佈置完成。2. The traditional three-dimensional greening method mostly adopts the hardware splicing construction process, and the structural parts are used in a large amount. The base body of the invention adopts a one-piece structure, the bag body can be bonded or sewed on the base body, and the base body and the bag body are all made of flexible materials. Light weight, small body, convenient transportation, easy construction, saving material cost and construction cost; compared to the long period of one day or even several days of construction period of the prior art, the assembly of the invention can be in a short time , for example, within a few minutes, can be arranged.

    3、現有技術的綠化方法,對其施工區域要求比較嚴格,一些異形、彎曲度較大、不平整的牆面等場所,難以進行綠化美化。本發明的基體可以經由粘著劑和/或水泥與待綠化區域黏結;也可以經由第一連接體(如系綁物、掛鈎)與待綠化區域結合;還可以經由第二連接體(如掛繩)與待綠化區域結合,施工方法靈活,對待綠化區域要求低,能適應各種施工環境,例如圓形、四方形、異形、凹槽、凸凹不平的場所等等。3. The greening method of the prior art requires stricter construction areas, and some places with irregular shapes, large curvatures, and uneven walls are difficult to beautify and beautify. The substrate of the present invention may be bonded to the area to be greened via an adhesive and/or cement; it may also be combined with the area to be greened via a first connecting body (such as a tie or hook); or may be connected via a second connecting body (such as hanging) The rope is combined with the area to be greened, the construction method is flexible, the requirements for the green area are low, and it can adapt to various construction environments, such as round, square, irregular, groove, uneven and so on.

    為使 貴審查委員能進一步瞭解本發明之結構,特徵及其他目的,玆以如后之較佳實施例附以圖式詳細說明如后,惟本圖例所說明之實施例係供說明之用,並非為專利申請上之唯一限制者。下面結合附圖並經由具體實施方式來進一步說明本發明的技術方案。The structure, features and other objects of the present invention will be further described in the following detailed description of the preferred embodiments of the present invention. It is not the only restriction on patent applications. The technical solution of the present invention will be further described below with reference to the accompanying drawings and specific embodiments.

    實施例一:Embodiment 1:

    參見第六至第八圖所示,一種立體綠化結構組件,包括基體(1),基體(1)上設置有袋體(2),基體(1)和袋體(2)採用相同的抗紫外線、柔性、透氣、透水、不透土的不織布製成,袋體(2)內裝有植物生長材料(15),在袋體(2)與基體(1)之間設置有隔離層(17),可以防止植物根系向基體一側滲透。Referring to the sixth to eighth figures, a three-dimensional green structure component includes a base body (1), the base body (1) is provided with a bag body (2), and the base body (1) and the bag body (2) adopt the same ultraviolet resistance. Made of flexible, breathable, permeable, impervious, non-woven fabric, the bag body (2) is filled with plant growth material (15), and a separation layer (17) is disposed between the bag body (2) and the substrate (1). It can prevent the roots of plants from penetrating to the side of the substrate.

    本實施例中,基體(1)上設置十個袋體(2),且分為兩排錯列縫製於基體(1)上,該袋體為開口型袋體,在袋體(2)內裝有植物生長材料(15),為植物提供生長環境,例如,生長材料為土壤或有機土壤。同時,袋體內還裝有吸水材料(16),可以吸收水分,為植物生長提供水分。In this embodiment, ten bags (2) are arranged on the base body (1), and are divided into two rows and staggered and sewn on the base body (1). The bag body is an open-type bag body, and is in the bag body (2). Plant growth material (15) is provided to provide a growing environment for the plant, for example, the growth material is soil or organic soil. At the same time, the bag body is also equipped with water absorbing material (16), which can absorb water and provide water for plant growth.

    該立體綠化方法:首先,在待綠化的牆面(3)上預先塗覆粘著劑(13),再將基體(1)貼合於牆面(3),待粘著劑固化,基體(1)與牆面(3)牢固結合後,再將預先已經混合均勻的吸水材料和植物生長材料裝入袋體內,最後往袋體內種植相應的植物(4)。為了盡可能的提高綠化速度,在基體貼合於塗覆有粘著劑的牆面後,可以先採用一些臨時支撐將基體牢固固定於牆面,待粘著劑固化後,再將上述的臨時支撐拆除。例如,可以採用壓板將基體的四周與牆面壓實,再在壓板上間隔設置螺釘或鋼釘,對基體進行臨時固定;或者,直接經由螺釘或鋼釘對基體進行臨時固定。上述臨時支撐體只是為了提高綠化速度的最佳選擇係做法,本領域技術人員可以理解的是沒有上述臨時支撐體,本發明的綠化方法也是可行的。由於基體及袋體均為柔性的透氣、透水的材料製成,不僅具有質輕的優點,而且強度及韌性優良,很利於植物的生長,同時,基體可以根據待綠化區域的面積製成相應大小的面積,安裝時,只需將基體整體黏結於牆面即可,相比採用硬體拼接的傳統做法,更有利於保證綠化面的完整性。The three-dimensional greening method: firstly, an adhesive (13) is preliminarily coated on the wall surface (3) to be greened, and then the base body (1) is attached to the wall surface (3), and the adhesive is cured, and the base body ( 1) After firmly bonding with the wall surface (3), the water-absorbing material and the plant growth material which have been mixed beforehand are put into the bag body, and finally the corresponding plants (4) are planted in the bag body. In order to increase the speed of greening as much as possible, after the substrate is applied to the wall coated with the adhesive, the temporary support can be used to firmly fix the substrate to the wall surface. After the adhesive is cured, the above temporary Support removal. For example, the base plate and the wall surface of the base body may be compacted by a press plate, and the base body may be temporarily fixed by spacing screws or steel nails on the pressure plate; or the base body may be temporarily fixed directly by screws or steel nails. The above temporary support is only the best choice for improving the speed of greening, and those skilled in the art can understand that the greening method of the present invention is also feasible without the above temporary support. Since the base body and the bag body are made of flexible gas permeable and permeable materials, not only have the advantages of light weight, but also the strength and toughness are excellent, which is beneficial to the growth of the plant, and at the same time, the base body can be made into a corresponding size according to the area of the area to be greened. The area of the installation, only need to bond the whole body to the wall surface, compared with the traditional practice of hardware splicing, it is more conducive to the integrity of the green surface.

    實施例二:Embodiment 2:

    參見第九至第十圖所示,該實施例與實施例一的區別僅僅在於綠化的區域不同。本實施例中,待綠化區域為柱體的圓形柱面(5),而實施例一的綠化區域為牆體的方形牆面。Referring to the ninth to tenth drawings, the difference between this embodiment and the first embodiment is only that the area of greening is different. In this embodiment, the green area to be greened is a circular cylindrical surface (5) of the cylinder, and the green area of the first embodiment is a square wall surface of the wall.

    本實施例的立體綠化方法:首先沿著柱面(5)塗覆粘著劑,再將組件的基體(1)貼合於柱面(5),並經由預先在基體的兩端設置的公母接頭(例如,接頭為魔術貼(14))進行快速鎖緊,待粘著劑固化,基體(1)與柱面(5)牢固結合後,將預先已經混合均勻的吸水材料和植物生長材料裝入到每個袋體(2)內,然後向每個袋體(2)內種植植物(4),並根據需要用水進行澆灌或滴灌。在袋體(2)與基體(1)之間設置有隔離層(17),可以防止植物根系向基體一側滲透,可有效保障柱面的完整性。相對於傳統的立柱綠化系統,本實施例提供的立體綠化結構組件及立體綠化方法,施工更為簡便,具有造價更低和人工成本更低的優點。The three-dimensional greening method of the present embodiment: firstly applying an adhesive along the cylindrical surface (5), and then attaching the base body (1) of the assembly to the cylindrical surface (5), and providing the public through the two ends of the base body in advance. The female connector (for example, the connector is Velcro (14)) is quickly locked, and the adhesive is cured. After the substrate (1) is firmly bonded to the cylinder (5), the uniform water absorbing material and the plant growth material are mixed beforehand. It is loaded into each bag (2), and then plants (4) are planted into each bag (2), and water or drip irrigation is performed as needed. An isolation layer (17) is disposed between the bag body (2) and the base body (1) to prevent the root of the plant from penetrating to the side of the substrate, thereby effectively ensuring the integrity of the cylinder surface. Compared with the traditional pillar greening system, the three-dimensional greening structure component and the three-dimensional greening method provided by the embodiment are simpler to construct, and have the advantages of lower cost and lower labor cost.

    實施例三:Embodiment 3:

    本實施例與上述兩個實施例的主要區別在於種植植物的方式不同。本實施例中,植物先種植於盆體內,再整體置於袋體內,而上述兩實施例均採用在袋體內直接種植植物。The main difference between this embodiment and the above two embodiments is that the way of planting is different. In this embodiment, the plant is first planted in the basin and then placed in the bag as a whole, and both of the above embodiments employ planting directly in the bag.

    本實施例的立體綠化方法:首先在牆面均勻塗覆粘著劑,再將所述組件整體貼合於牆面,待粘著劑固化,以使所述組件與牆面牢固結合後,將預先裝有混合均勻的吸水材料和植物生長材料並種植有植物的單個盆體分別裝於每個袋體內,並根據需要用水進行澆灌或滴灌,盆體內的吸水材料可以保存水分。本領域技術人員容易想到的是,上述步驟中,可以在盆體內直接播種植物的種子,並加以澆灌,也可達到綠化目的。相對於傳統的花盆式綠化系統,傳統做法花盆裸露在外,而本實施例提供的立體綠化結構組件,由於袋體能有效的保護盆體,故在結構上更為可靠,外觀方面也更為美觀,且安裝容易。The three-dimensional greening method of the embodiment: firstly uniformly coating the adhesive on the wall surface, and then integrally bonding the component to the wall surface, and the adhesive is cured, so that the component is firmly combined with the wall surface, A single pot body previously filled with a uniformly mixed water absorbing material and plant growth material and planted with plants is separately placed in each bag, and watered or dripped with water as needed, and the water absorbing material in the pot body can retain moisture. It is easily conceivable by those skilled in the art that in the above steps, the seeds of the plants can be directly sown in the pots and watered, and the purpose of greening can also be achieved. Compared with the traditional flower pot type greening system, the traditional practice flower pot is exposed, and the three-dimensional green structure component provided by the embodiment has more reliable structure and more appearance because the bag body can effectively protect the bowl body. Beautiful and easy to install.

    實施例四:Embodiment 4:

    參見第十一圖所示,一種立體綠化結構組件,包括基體(1),基體(1)上設置有袋體(2),基體(1)和袋體(2)採用相同的抗紫外線、柔性、透氣、透水、不透土的不織布製成,袋體(2)內裝有植物生長材料,在袋體(2)與基體(1)之間設置有隔離層,可以防止植物根系向基體一側滲透。Referring to FIG. 11 , a three-dimensional green structure component includes a base body (1). The base body (1) is provided with a bag body (2), and the base body (1) and the bag body (2) adopt the same ultraviolet resistance and flexibility. Made of non-woven fabric that is breathable, permeable, and impermeable to soil. The bag body (2) is filled with plant growth material, and a separation layer is disposed between the bag body (2) and the base body (1) to prevent the root of the plant from being oriented toward the substrate. Side penetration.

    本實施例中,袋體數量為兩個,且袋體縫製於基體(1)上,該袋體為封口型袋體,袋體(2)在基體上呈橫向長條形,在袋體(2)內裝有植物生長材料,為植物提供生長環境,例如,生長材料可為土壤或有機土壤。同時,袋體內還裝有吸水材料,可以吸收水分,為植物生長提供水分。在袋體(2)上間隔的設置種植點,用於種植植物,本實施例中,每個袋體上沿其長度方向均勻的間隔設置四個種植點。本領域技術人員可以理解的是,上述的種植點數量是可變的,根據綠化需要以及袋體長度綜合考慮,例如,可以在每個袋體上開設五個種植點。In this embodiment, the number of the bag bodies is two, and the bag body is sewn on the base body (1), the bag body is a sealed bag body, and the bag body (2) is horizontally elongated on the base body, and is in the bag body ( 2) Plant growth material is provided to provide a growing environment for the plant, for example, the growth material may be soil or organic soil. At the same time, the bag is also filled with absorbent material that absorbs moisture and provides moisture for plant growth. Planting points are arranged on the bag body (2) for planting plants. In this embodiment, four planting points are arranged on each bag body at even intervals along the length direction thereof. It will be understood by those skilled in the art that the number of planting points mentioned above is variable, and according to the needs of greening and the length of the bag body, for example, five planting points can be opened on each bag body.

    本實施例的立體綠化方法:首先在牆面均勻塗覆水泥,將組件的基體(1)整體貼合於牆面(3),待水泥固化,基體(1)與牆面(3)之間牢固結合後,再將混合均勻的吸水材料和植物生長材料裝入袋體(2)內,經由穿孔方式在每個袋體上開出四個種植點,最後在每個種植點種植相應的植物(4)。The three-dimensional greening method of the embodiment: firstly uniformly coating the cement on the wall surface, and the base body (1) of the assembly is integrally attached to the wall surface (3), and the cement is solidified, and between the base body (1) and the wall surface (3) After firmly bonding, the uniformly mixed water-absorbing material and the plant growth material are placed in the bag body (2), four planting points are opened on each bag body by perforation, and finally the corresponding plants are planted at each planting point. (4).

    本實施例與上述的三個實施例的區別在於:本實施例的袋體為封口型袋體,種植方式為在袋體的種植點進行種植植物,而上述的三個實施例中,袋體均為開口型袋體,植物朝向其開口部位生長。The difference between the embodiment and the above three embodiments is that the bag body of the embodiment is a sealed bag body, and the planting method is to plant plants at the planting point of the bag body, and in the above three embodiments, the bag body They are all open-mouth bags, and the plants grow toward their opening.

    實施例五:Embodiment 5:

    如第十二至第十三圖所示,一種立體綠化結構組件,包括基體(1),基體(1)的一面設置有袋體(2),與該面相對的另一面設置有用於固定基體的繩索(6),基體(1)和袋體(2)採用相同的抗紫外線、柔性、透氣、透水、不透土的不織布製成,袋體(2)內裝有植物生長材料,在袋體(2)與基體(1)之間設置有隔離層,可以防止植物根系向基體一側滲透。As shown in the twelfth to thirteenth drawings, a three-dimensional green structure component includes a base body (1), one side of the base body (1) is provided with a bag body (2), and the other side opposite to the surface is provided with a base body for fixing The rope (6), the base body (1) and the bag body (2) are made of the same anti-ultraviolet, flexible, breathable, water-permeable, impervious non-woven fabric, and the bag body (2) is filled with plant growth material in the bag. An isolation layer is disposed between the body (2) and the substrate (1) to prevent penetration of the plant roots toward the substrate side.

    本實施例中,基體(1)上設置十個袋體(2),十個袋體呈上下兩排錯列設置,袋體(2)縫製於基體(1)上,該袋體為開口型袋體,在袋體(2)內裝有植物生長材料,為植物提供生長環境,例如,生長材料可為土壤。同時,袋體內還裝有吸水材料,可以吸收水分,為植物生長提供水分。袋體內還設置可作為肥料的營養材料,為植物的生長提供營養元素。In this embodiment, ten bag bodies (2) are arranged on the base body (1), ten bag bodies are arranged in a row of upper and lower rows, and the bag body (2) is sewn on the base body (1), and the bag body is open type. The bag body is provided with a plant growth material in the bag body (2) to provide a growing environment for the plant, for example, the growth material may be soil. At the same time, the bag is also filled with absorbent material that absorbs moisture and provides moisture for plant growth. The bag also has a nutrient material that can be used as a fertilizer to provide nutrients for plant growth.

    該立體綠化方法:首先經由基體背面的繩索(6),將基體(1)固定於欄桿(7)上,然後將混合均勻的吸水材料、植物生長材料和營養材料裝入到每個袋體(2)內,然後向每個袋體(2)內種植植物(4),並根據需要用水進行澆灌或滴灌。The three-dimensional greening method: firstly, the base body (1) is fixed to the railing (7) via a rope (6) on the back side of the base body, and then a uniformly mixed water absorbing material, plant growth material and nutritive material are loaded into each bag body ( 2) Inside, then plant (4) into each bag (2) and water or drip as needed.

    當然本領域技術人員可以理解的是,本發明的綠化方法還可以為:首先將吸水材料、植物生長材料和營養材料相互均勻混合,再裝入到每個袋體(2)內,然後向每個袋體(2)內種植植物(4),並根據需要用水進行澆灌或滴灌,最後將載有以上各袋體的基體(1)整體貼於欄桿(7)的表面,經由基體背面設置的繩索(6),實現基體(1)與欄桿(7)之間的固定。本實施例提供了一種可適應欄桿式綠化區域的並可快速施工的立體綠化結構,相對傳統技術而言,不僅施工的成本降低了,施工的難度也降低了,施工更為迅速和容易。當然,本領域技術人員很容易可以想到的是,其他利於系綁的場所區域也同樣適用上述綠化方法,例如,待綠化區域為鐵絲網結構,同樣可採用上述的綠化方法。Of course, those skilled in the art can understand that the greening method of the present invention can also be: firstly, the water absorbing material, the plant growth material and the nutrient material are uniformly mixed with each other, and then loaded into each bag body (2), and then to each Plants (4) are planted in the bag body (2), and watered or drip-irrigated with water as needed. Finally, the base body (1) carrying the above bags is integrally attached to the surface of the railing (7), and is disposed through the back surface of the base body. The rope (6) achieves the fixing between the base body (1) and the railing (7). The embodiment provides a three-dimensional greening structure that can adapt to the railing type greening area and can be quickly constructed. Compared with the conventional technology, not only the construction cost is reduced, the construction difficulty is also reduced, and the construction is more rapid and easy. Of course, it is easily conceivable by those skilled in the art that the above-mentioned greening method is also applicable to other areas of the place where the tie is suitable. For example, the area to be greened is a wire mesh structure, and the above greening method can also be employed.

實施例六:Example 6:

    參見第十四圖所示,本實施例的立體綠化結構組件包括基體(1),基體(1)上縫製有八個袋體,基體(1)和袋體(2)採用相同的柔性、透氣、透水、不透土的不織布製成,且具有抗紫外線功能,基體(1)包覆一方形框架(18)的表面,在框架(18)的背面設置有足夠的掛鈎,本實施例的綠化區域為道路建設過程中的臨時保護的鐵絲網結構,當然,本領域技術人員很容易可以想到的是,其他利於掛接的場所區域也同樣適用上述綠化方法。Referring to FIG. 14 , the three-dimensional green structure component of the embodiment comprises a base body (1), and the base body (1) is sewn with eight bag bodies, and the base body (1) and the bag body (2) adopt the same flexibility and ventilation. Made of permeable, impervious, non-woven fabric, and UV-resistant, the base (1) covers the surface of a square frame (18), and there are enough hooks on the back of the frame (18). Greening in this embodiment The area is a temporary protection of the wire mesh structure during the road construction process. Of course, it is easily conceivable to those skilled in the art that other greening methods are also applicable to other places where the connection is favorable.

    該綠化步驟為:首先將上述製作好的組件經由掛鈎掛於鐵絲網(12)上,再往袋體(2)內裝入植物生長材料,將植物直接種植於袋體內,並用水進行澆灌或滴灌。對於此類需要快速綠化的場合,宜採用直接種植植物,不宜播種植物種子。The greening step is: first, the above-mentioned fabricated components are hung on the wire mesh (12) via a hook, and then the plant growth material is loaded into the bag body (2), the plant is directly planted in the bag body, and watered or dripped with water. . For such occasions requiring rapid greening, it is advisable to plant plants directly, and it is not advisable to sow plant seeds.

實施例七:Example 7:

    參見第十五圖所示,一種立體綠化結構組件,包括基體(1),基體(1)上設置有袋體(2),基體(1)和袋體(2)採用相同的抗紫外線、柔性、透氣、透水、不透土的不織布製成,袋體2內裝有植物生長材料,基體(1)的上端均設置有卷軸(8),用於定位基體,並在卷軸(8)上均設置掛繩(9),用於固定基體(1),在袋體(2)與基體(1)之間設置有隔離層,可以防止植物根系向基體一側滲透。Referring to the fifteenth figure, a three-dimensional green structure component includes a base body (1). The base body (1) is provided with a bag body (2), and the base body (1) and the bag body (2) adopt the same ultraviolet resistance and flexibility. The bag body 2 is provided with a plant growth material, and the upper end of the base body (1) is provided with a reel (8) for positioning the base body and on the reel (8), and is made of a non-woven fabric that is permeable, permeable, and impermeable to soil. A lanyard (9) is provided for fixing the base body (1), and a partition layer is disposed between the bag body (2) and the base body (1) to prevent penetration of the plant roots toward the substrate side.

    本實施例中,基體(1)上設置二十個袋體(2),且袋體(2)縫製於基體(1)上,該袋體為開口型袋體,在袋體(2)內裝有植物生長材料,為植物提供生長環境,例如,生長材料可為有機土壤。同時,袋體內還裝有吸水材料,可以吸收水分,為植物生長提供水分。In this embodiment, twenty bags (2) are disposed on the base body (1), and the bag body (2) is sewn on the base body (1), and the bag body is an open-type bag body in the bag body (2). Plant growth material is provided to provide a growing environment for the plant, for example, the growth material may be organic soil. At the same time, the bag is also filled with absorbent material that absorbs moisture and provides moisture for plant growth.

    該立體綠化結構組件適用於室內牆壁的綠化,其方法為:首先將吸水材料和植物生長材料相互均勻混合,再分別裝入到單個花盆中,然後再每個花盆內種植植物(4),再將每個花盆裝入相應的袋體(2)內,最後將載有以上各袋體的基體(1)經由上端的掛繩(9)分別掛於牆壁(11)的相應處的固定釘(10)上。The three-dimensional green structure component is suitable for greening indoor walls by first uniformly mixing the water absorbing material and the plant growth material, and then separately loading them into a single flower pot, and then planting the plants in each flower pot (4) Then, each flower pot is put into the corresponding bag body (2), and finally the base body (1) carrying the above bag bodies is respectively hung on the corresponding part of the wall (11) via the lanyard (9) at the upper end. Fix the nail (10).

    本實施例的綠化方法還可以配置滴灌系統,為植物的生長提供水分,如第十六至十七圖所示,該滴灌系統包括設置於基體下端的卷軸(19),卷軸(19)中心向下設置有延伸部(20),在卷軸(19)的下方設置有水槽(21),水槽(21)的底部與延伸部(20)經由螺紋連接,在水槽(21)處設置水泵,水泵連接輸水管道,並分別接通到植物相應位置,經由水泵將水槽中的水分經由滴灌方式提供給植物,水槽作為盛水容器,設置於基體的最底端,可以將滴灌的水收集,以便於再次利用。本領域技術人員可以理解的是,其他可實現滴灌的結構也同樣適用本發明,本發明的立體綠化結構可有效的提高室內空間的利用率,當然,上述的綠化結構同樣適用室外環境。The greening method of the present embodiment may further configure a drip irrigation system to provide moisture for the growth of the plant. As shown in Figures 16 to 17, the drip irrigation system includes a reel (19) disposed at the lower end of the substrate, and the center of the reel (19) An extension portion (20) is disposed underneath, and a water tank (21) is disposed below the reel (19). The bottom of the water tank (21) is connected to the extension portion (20) via a screw, and a water pump is provided at the water tank (21), and the water pump is connected. The water pipeline is connected to the corresponding position of the plant, and the water in the water tank is supplied to the plant via drip irrigation via a water pump. The water tank is used as a water container and is disposed at the bottom end of the base body, and the drip irrigation water can be collected to facilitate Use again. It can be understood by those skilled in the art that other structures capable of implementing drip irrigation are also applicable to the present invention. The three-dimensional greening structure of the present invention can effectively improve the utilization of indoor space. Of course, the above greening structure is also applicable to an outdoor environment.

    以上結合具體實施例描述了本發明的技術原理。這些描述只是為了解釋本發明的原理,而不能以任何方式解釋為對本發明保護範圍的限制。基於此處的解釋,本領域的技術人員不需要付出創造性的勞動即可聯想到本發明的其他具體實施方式,這些方式都將落入本發明的保護範圍之內。The technical principles of the present invention have been described above in connection with specific embodiments. The descriptions are merely illustrative of the principles of the invention and are not to be construed as limiting the scope of the invention. Based on the explanation herein, those skilled in the art can devise various other embodiments of the present invention without departing from the scope of the invention.

    綜上所述,本發明確實可達到上述諸項功能及目的,故本創作應符合專利申請要件,爰依法提出申請。In summary, the present invention can indeed achieve the above functions and purposes, so the creation should meet the requirements of the patent application, and apply in accordance with the law.

第一圖至第五圖:First to fifth pictures:

(101)...盒體(101). . . Box

(102)...開口(102). . . Opening

(103)...通孔(103). . . Through hole

(104)...牆面(104). . . Wall

(105)...導軌(105). . . guide

(106)...橫桿(106). . . Crossbar

(107)...基袋(107). . . Base bag

(108)...基盤(108). . . Base plate

(109)...掛鈎(109). . . hook up

(110)...種植點(110). . . Planting point

(111)...支撐柱(111). . . Support column

(112)...種植桶(112). . . Planting bucket

(113)...種植孔(113). . . Planting hole

第六圖至第十七圖:Figure 6 to Figure 17:

(1)...基體(1). . . Matrix

(2)...袋體(2). . . Bag body

(3)...牆面(3). . . Wall

(4)...植物(4). . . plant

(5)...柱面(5). . . cylinder

(6)...繩索(6). . . rope

(7)...欄桿(7). . . railing

(8)...卷軸(8). . . reel

(9)...掛繩(9). . . Lanyard

(10)...固定釘(10). . . Fixing nail

(11)...牆壁(11). . . wall

(12)...鐵絲網(12). . . Barbed wire

(13)...粘著劑(13). . . Adhesive

(14)...魔術貼(14). . . Velcro

(15)...生長材料(15). . . Growth material

(16)...吸水材料(16). . . Water absorbing material

(17)...隔離層(17). . . Isolation layer

(18)...框架(18). . . frame

(19)...卷軸(19). . . reel

(20)...延伸部(20). . . Extension

(21)...水槽(twenty one). . . sink

第一圖為現有的一種牆面綠化種植盒的結構示意圖;The first figure is a schematic structural view of a conventional wall greening planting box;

第二圖為現有的一種立體栽培系統的結構示意圖;The second figure is a schematic structural view of a conventional three-dimensional cultivation system;

第三圖為第二圖中所示的立體栽培系統的基體的結構示意圖;The third figure is a schematic structural view of the base of the three-dimensional cultivation system shown in the second figure;

第四圖為第二圖中所示的立體栽培系統的基盤的側視示意圖;The fourth figure is a side view of the base plate of the stereoscopic cultivation system shown in the second figure;

第五圖為現有的一種立柱綠化系統的結構示意圖;The fifth figure is a schematic structural view of a conventional column greening system;

第六圖為實施例一所述的立體綠化結構組件的結構示意圖;Figure 6 is a schematic structural view of the three-dimensional green structure component according to the first embodiment;

第七圖為實施例一所述的立體綠化結構組件的使用狀態圖;Figure 7 is a view showing a state of use of the three-dimensional green structure component according to the first embodiment;

第八圖為第七圖的剖視示意圖(未包含植物);Figure 8 is a schematic cross-sectional view of the seventh figure (plants not included);

第九圖為實施例二所述的立體綠化結構組件的使用狀態圖;Figure 9 is a view showing a state of use of the three-dimensional green structure component according to the second embodiment;

第十圖為第九圖中所示的組件的俯視示意圖;Figure 11 is a top plan view of the assembly shown in Figure 9;

第十一圖為實施例四所述的立體綠化結構組件的使用狀態圖;11 is a view showing a state of use of the three-dimensional green structure component according to the fourth embodiment;

第十二圖為實施例五所述的立體綠化結構組件的結構示意圖;Figure 12 is a schematic structural view of a three-dimensional green structure component according to the fifth embodiment;

第十三圖為實施例五所述的立體綠化結構組件的使用狀態圖;Figure 13 is a view showing a state of use of the three-dimensional green structure component according to the fifth embodiment;

第十四圖為實施例六所述的立體綠化結構組件的使用狀態圖;Figure 14 is a view showing a state of use of the three-dimensional green structure component according to the sixth embodiment;

第十五圖為實施例七所述的立體綠化結構組件的使用狀態圖;Figure 15 is a view showing a state of use of the three-dimensional green structure component according to the seventh embodiment;

第十六圖為實施例七所述的立體綠化結構組件的另一種結構示意圖;Figure 16 is a schematic view showing another structure of the three-dimensional green structure component according to the seventh embodiment;

第十七圖為第十六圖中所示的A-A向剖視示意圖;Figure 17 is a cross-sectional view taken along line A-A of Figure 16;

第十八圖為採用不織布組件的SGS紫外線老化報告。Figure 18 shows the SGS UV aging report using a non-woven component.

(1)‧‧‧基體 (1) ‧ ‧ base

(2)‧‧‧袋體 (2) ‧‧‧ bag body

(6)‧‧‧繩索 (6)‧‧‧ rope

Claims (11)

一種立體綠化結構組件,其特徵在於,所述組件具有基體,所述基體上設置複數個袋體,所述基體採用抗紫外線、柔性、透氣、透水、不透土的第一材料,所述袋體採用抗紫外線、柔性、透氣、透水、不透土的第二材料,所述袋體內具有植物生長材料,所述袋體與所述基體之間設置用於阻斷植物根系向基體一側滲透的隔離層,或,在所述基體上遠離袋體的一面設置用於阻斷植物根系向基體一側滲透的隔離層;所述袋體黏結或者縫製於所述基體上。 A three-dimensional greening structure assembly, characterized in that the assembly has a base body, and the base body is provided with a plurality of bag bodies, the base body adopting a first material resistant to ultraviolet rays, flexible, breathable, water-permeable and impervious to soil, the bag The body adopts a second material resistant to ultraviolet rays, flexible, permeable, water permeable, and impermeable to soil. The bag body has a plant growth material, and the bag body and the base body are arranged to block the penetration of the plant roots to the side of the substrate. The separating layer, or a side of the substrate away from the bag body is provided with a separating layer for blocking the penetration of the plant roots toward the substrate side; the bag body is bonded or sewn to the substrate. 如申請專利範圍第1項所述之立體綠化結構組件,其中,該第一材料與所述第二材料相同;最佳選擇係的,所述第一材料和/或第二材料為不織布;可選的,所述第一材料和/或所述第二材料為紡織物。 The three-dimensional green structure component of claim 1, wherein the first material is the same as the second material; and the first material and/or the second material is a non-woven fabric; Optionally, the first material and/or the second material is a textile. 如申請專利範圍第1項所述之立體綠化結構組件,其中,該基體上設置有用於將其固定於待綠化區域的固定部。 The three-dimensional green structure component according to claim 1, wherein the base body is provided with a fixing portion for fixing it to a green area to be greened. 如申請專利範圍第1項所述之立體綠化結構組件,其中,該袋體設置於所述基體的一面,與該面相對的另一面設置有用於將基體固定於待綠化區域的第一連接體。 The three-dimensional green structure component according to claim 1, wherein the bag body is disposed on one side of the base body, and the other side opposite to the surface is provided with a first connecting body for fixing the base body to the area to be greened. . 如申請專利範圍第4項所述之立體綠化結構組件,其中,所述基體的端部設置有卷軸,所述卷軸上設置用於將基體固定於待綠化區域的第二連接體;所述基體包覆於一基板或框架表面,在所述基板上遠離基體 的一面設置用於將基體及基板固定於待綠化區域的第三連接體,或,在所述框架上遠離基體的一面設置用於將基體及框架固定於待綠化區域的第三連接體。 The three-dimensional green structure component according to claim 4, wherein the end of the base body is provided with a reel, and the reel is provided with a second connecting body for fixing the base body to the area to be greened; Wrapped on a substrate or frame surface on the substrate away from the substrate One side is provided for fixing the base body and the substrate to the third connecting body of the area to be greened, or a third connecting body for fixing the base body and the frame to the area to be greened is provided on one side of the frame away from the base body. 如申請專利範圍第1項所述之立體綠化結構組件,其中,該袋體為開口型袋體或封口型袋體,且袋體內具有容置植物生長材料的容納空間。 The three-dimensional green structure component according to claim 1, wherein the bag body is an open type bag body or a sealed type bag body, and the bag body has a receiving space for accommodating the plant growth material. 如申請專利範圍第1項所述之立體綠化結構組件,其中,該袋體為開口型袋體,所述袋體內裝有植物生長材料,所述植物生長材料直接裝於袋體的容納空間內或者預先裝於盆體內間接裝於袋體的容納空間內;或者所述袋體為封口型袋體,且所述袋體在所述基體上呈橫向或豎向設置,所述袋體的容納空間內裝有植物生長材料,所述袋體上開設用於種植植物的種植點。 The three-dimensional green structure component according to claim 1, wherein the bag body is an open-type bag body, the bag body is provided with a plant growth material, and the plant growth material is directly installed in the accommodation space of the bag body. Or pre-installed in the basin body indirectly in the accommodating space of the bag body; or the bag body is a sealed bag body, and the bag body is disposed laterally or vertically on the base body, and the bag body is accommodated The space is filled with a plant growth material, and the planting point for planting the plant is set on the bag body. 如申請專利範圍第1項所述之立體綠化結構組件,其中,該袋體內與植物生長材料相混合的裝有吸水材料。 The three-dimensional green structure component according to claim 1, wherein the bag body is mixed with the plant growth material and is provided with a water absorbing material. 一種立體綠化方法,其特徵在於,包括如下步驟:(1)、提供如申請專利範圍第1項所述的立體綠化結構組件;(2)、基體與待綠化區域牢固結合;(3)、在袋體內種植植物;其中步驟(2)、步驟(3)無先後順序。 A three-dimensional greening method, comprising the steps of: (1) providing a three-dimensional green structure component as described in claim 1; (2) firmly bonding the substrate to the green area to be greened; (3) Plants are planted in the bag; steps (2) and (3) are not sequential. 如申請專利範圍第9項所述之立體綠化方法,其特徵在於,所述步驟(2)中,所述基體經由粘著劑和/或水泥與所述待綠化區域黏結; 或,所述基體經由所述第一連接體與所述待綠化區域結合;或,所述基體經由所述第二連接體與所述待綠化區域結合;或,所述基體經由所述第三連接體與所述待綠化區域結合。 The three-dimensional greening method according to claim 9, wherein in the step (2), the substrate is bonded to the area to be greened via an adhesive and/or cement; Or the base body is combined with the area to be greened via the first connecting body; or the base body is combined with the area to be greened via the second connecting body; or the base body is via the third The connector is combined with the area to be greened. 如申請專利範圍第10項所述之立體綠化方法,其特徵在於,所述步驟(2)中,所述基體經由粘著劑和/或水泥與所述待綠化區域黏結;和,所述基體經由所述第一連接體與所述待綠化區域結合;和,所述基體經由所述第二連接體與所述待綠化區域結合;和,所述基體經由所述第三連接體與所述待綠化區域結合。 The three-dimensional greening method according to claim 10, wherein in the step (2), the substrate is bonded to the area to be greened via an adhesive and/or cement; and the substrate Binding to the area to be greened via the first connecting body; and, the base body is combined with the area to be greened via the second connecting body; and the base body is connected to the green via the third connecting body To be combined with green areas.
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