WO2020038321A1 - 一种单楼垂直式回料破碎设备及其破碎工艺 - Google Patents

一种单楼垂直式回料破碎设备及其破碎工艺 Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2020038321A1
WO2020038321A1 PCT/CN2019/101331 CN2019101331W WO2020038321A1 WO 2020038321 A1 WO2020038321 A1 WO 2020038321A1 CN 2019101331 W CN2019101331 W CN 2019101331W WO 2020038321 A1 WO2020038321 A1 WO 2020038321A1
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crusher
crushing
floor
layer
vertical
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PCT/CN2019/101331
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English (en)
French (fr)
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朱兴良
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吴卿
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C21/00Disintegrating plant with or without drying of the material
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C23/00Auxiliary methods or auxiliary devices or accessories specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating not provided for in preceding groups or not specially adapted to apparatus covered by a single preceding group
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C23/00Auxiliary methods or auxiliary devices or accessories specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating not provided for in preceding groups or not specially adapted to apparatus covered by a single preceding group
    • B02C23/02Feeding devices
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C23/00Auxiliary methods or auxiliary devices or accessories specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating not provided for in preceding groups or not specially adapted to apparatus covered by a single preceding group
    • B02C23/08Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating

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  • the invention relates to a single-floor vertical regrind crushing equipment and a crushing process thereof. It belongs to the technical field of integrated material crushing equipment.
  • the crushing operation is not completed by a single machine at one time, but is completed by multi-machine multi-stage crushing.
  • auxiliary machines such as feeders, conveyors, and sieving machines (also known as vibrating screens) must be provided.
  • the feeders transport the raw materials to the primary material crusher. After the first crushing, the initial The broken product is transported to the secondary material crusher for further crushing, and then to the third-level crushing, fourth-level crushing, etc., and finally conveyed to the screening machine for screening by the conveyor.
  • the qualified products are classified into the warehouse, and the unqualified products pass The conveyor goes back to the material crusher for crushing again and again and again to form a crushing production line. Crushing production lines are widely used in the field of building materials and mining resources.
  • the crushing production line under the traditional technology is a spreading mesh crushing production line model, which is divided into multiple sections. The two sections are connected by a 25-35 m straight conveyor belt, which occupies a large area and is inconvenient to manage. Environmental pollution such as “noise” is difficult to eradicate; because “production workers are within the broken production line”, it is difficult to eradicate “safe” hidden dangers.
  • the invention proposes a single-floor vertical reclaiming crushing equipment and a crushing process for improving the crushing efficiency and the qualified rate of materials of a production line and returning the unqualified crushed materials, which is convenient for operation, and completely solves the problem of waste of unqualified materials. Solve the problems existing in the prior art.
  • the technical solution of the present invention is a closed single building.
  • the inner and outer walls of the entire single building are provided with a universal conveyor belt (return material misalignment conveyor belt) to return the broken unqualified materials for secondary crushing and improve the production line.
  • the crushing efficiency and material qualification rate completely solve the problem of waste of unqualified materials.
  • the original outdoor operation is changed to indoor operation, and the material crushers in a single building are arranged vertically.
  • the discharge port of the upper crushing equipment and the lower crushing equipment The feeding openings are aligned, and the vertical design of the vertical butt-type structure is reduced, which reduces the use of the conveying device.
  • the equipment With the help of gravity, the equipment can be set up centrally and integrated equipment can be used to build houses.
  • a single-floor vertical return crushing equipment includes a closed single-floor, and a single-layered multi-layer crusher mounting rack is placed in the single-floor;
  • Each layer of the crusher mounting rack is arranged in order from the top to the bottom according to the material crushing and screening order.
  • the material crushers are arranged in the order from top to bottom, including a feeder on the first floor and a jaw crusher, and a first crusher on the second floor. And a vibrating screen located at the bottommost layer, the outlet of the jaw crusher and the feed inlet of the first crusher are arranged in abutment;
  • a material returning device is connected to the bottom end of the vibrating screen, and the material returning device is a misaligned conveyor belt arranged around the inside of a single building;
  • the material to be crushed passes through the material crushers arranged from top to bottom under the action of gravity.
  • the misaligned conveyor belt is connected to the inside of the single building through a connecting piece, and the misaligned conveyor belt is connected to a material crusher or a feeder on the upper layer through a conveying pipeline.
  • a single-floor vertical return crushing equipment includes a closed single-floor, characterized in that: a single-layered multi-layer crusher mounting rack is placed in the single-floor;
  • Each layer of the crusher mounting rack is arranged in order from the top to the bottom according to the material crushing and screening order.
  • the material crushers are arranged in the order from top to bottom, including a feeder on the first floor and a jaw crusher, and a first crusher on the second floor. And a vibrating screen located at the bottommost layer, the outlet of the jaw crusher and the feed inlet of the first crusher are arranged in abutment;
  • a material returning device is connected to the bottom end of the vibrating screen, and the material returning device is a misaligned conveyor belt arranged around the outside of a single building;
  • the material to be crushed passes through the material crushers arranged from top to bottom under the action of gravity.
  • the misaligned conveyor belt is connected to the outside of the single building through a connecting piece, and the misaligned conveyor belt is connected to a material crusher or feeder on the upper floor through a conveying pipe.
  • the misaligned conveyor belt is provided on the side facing away from the single building. Material baffle for preventing material from falling out.
  • the crusher mounting frame includes a horizontal support frame for placing a material crusher or a feeder or a vibrating screen and a vertical support frame for supporting the horizontal support frame; the vertical support frame and a horizontal
  • the support frame is a quick installation and removal structure.
  • the single building is a building block type modular active assembly structure including a top plate, a bottom plate and a side plate, and the top plate, the bottom plate and the side plate are fixed to the vertical support frame and the lateral support frame by bolts.
  • the outer walls of the top plate, the bottom plate and the side plates are covered with sound absorbing materials.
  • each layer of the crusher mounting rack further includes a second crusher located on a third layer and a third crusher located on a fourth layer, the first crusher, the second crusher, and the third
  • the crusher is one of a jaw crusher, a cone crusher, a pair of roller crushers, or an impact crusher, and the feed inlet of the second crusher is arranged to be connected with the discharge outlet of the first crusher.
  • the feed inlet of the third crusher is arranged in abutment with the discharge outlet of the second crusher.
  • the misaligned conveyor belt is connected to the upper layer material crusher or feeder through a conveying pipeline.
  • a crushing process for a single building vertical regrind crushing equipment includes the following steps:
  • Step 1 Assemble the crusher mounting rack at the construction site, and transport multiple material crushers to each layer of the crusher mounting rack through the lifting device;
  • Step 2 Set up a single building or yurt consisting of a top plate, a bottom plate and a side plate on the basis of the crusher mounting rack;
  • Step 3 Feeding to the jaw crusher through the feeder, the first layer crushing operation of the material is performed by the jaw crusher, and the material after the first layer crushing is sequentially dropped into the second layer crusher under the action of gravity. Crushing operation
  • Step 4 After the crushing operation of the second-layer crusher, the screen is screened by a vibrating screen, and the materials that do not meet the standards are transported to the upper-layer material crusher through the return device to perform the crushing operation again, and the materials that meet the standards are transported into the warehouse.
  • the innovative idea of the present invention lies in: (1) centrally setting up all equipment to establish a foundation for environmental protection measures; (2) then solving the logistics problems brought about by the equipment concentration by using the crushing equipment docking method by means of the gravity of the material; (3) the centralized The equipment is integrated and integrated to build a house.
  • the original outdoor operation is changed to indoor operation.
  • a universal conveyor belt offset conveyor belt
  • qualified rate of materials completely solve the waste of unqualified materials.
  • a closed single building is provided with a universal conveyor belt on the inner and outer walls to return and crush broken substandard materials, and the material crushers in the single building are arranged vertically, and the outlets of the upper-level crushing equipment and the lower-level The feed opening of the crushing equipment is aligned.
  • the core technology of the invention is that the closed single building provided with a material return device on the inner and outer walls and the inlet and outlet of the crushing equipment are docked to realize rapid crushing of the materials and realize centralized installation of the equipment.
  • the invention relates to a single-floor vertical regrind crushing equipment and its crushing process. All equipment is centralized in the single-floor vertical setting to establish a foundation for environmental protection measures. Then, the feeding port of the feeding equipment is aligned with the first-level crushing equipment. The inlet, the outlet of the primary crushing equipment is aligned with the inlet of the secondary crushing equipment, and so on ... until the outlet of the final crushing equipment is connected to the vibrating screen through the conveying device, and finally screened Warehousing; Integrate the integrated equipment to build a house, and install universal conveyor belts on the inner and outer walls of the integrated building to improve the crushing efficiency of the production line and the material qualification rate, completely solve the problem of waste of unqualified materials, and change the original outdoor operation. For indoor operation, the crushing efficiency of the crushing production line is greatly improved, which is convenient for operation, management and maintenance.
  • the innovative design of the entire crushing equipment has a vertical butt-type structure, which reduces the use of conveying devices.
  • FIG. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of Embodiment 1 of a single building vertical regrind crushing equipment and a crushing process of the present invention
  • FIG. 2 is a perspective view of a single-floor vertical regrind crushing equipment and a crushing process thereof according to the present invention
  • FIG. 3 is a schematic structural diagram of a single building in a single-type vertical recycling crushing equipment and a single building in the crushing process of the present invention
  • FIG. 4 is a schematic structural diagram of Embodiment 2 of a single-floor vertical recycling crushing equipment and a crushing process of the present invention (1);
  • FIG. 5 is a structural schematic diagram (2) of a single building vertical regrind crushing equipment and its crushing process according to Embodiment 2 of the present invention.
  • a single-storey vertical regrind crushing equipment includes a closed single-floor building 12 A vertical multi-layer crusher rack is placed;
  • Each layer of the crusher mounting rack is arranged with material crushers arranged from top to bottom according to the material crushing and screening order, including a feeder 1 on the first floor, a jaw crusher 2, and a first on the second floor.
  • the crusher 3 and the vibrating screen 6 located at the bottommost layer, the outlet of the jaw crusher 2 and the feed inlet of the first crusher 3 are arranged perpendicular to each other in a straight line; Drop, the material to be crushed will be crushed by the material crusher arranged from top to bottom under the action of gravity; the bottom of the vibrating screen 6 is connected with a material return device, which is set in the single building 12 Dislocation conveyor belt 7 arranged around the inside;
  • the misaligned conveyor belt 7 is connected to the inside of the single building 12 through a connecting member, and the misaligned conveyor belt 7 is connected to the upper level material crusher or feeder 1 through a conveying pipe 8.
  • the crusher mounting frame includes a lateral support frame 11 for mounting a material crusher or a feeder 1 or a vibrating screen 6 and a vertical support frame 10 for supporting the lateral support frame 11; the vertical support frame 10 and the lateral support frame 11 are quick installation and disassembly structures.
  • Each layer of the crusher mounting rack further includes a second crusher 4 on the third layer and a third crusher 5 on the fourth layer.
  • the crusher 5 is one of a jaw crusher, a cone crusher, or an impact crusher of a roll crusher.
  • the first crusher 3, the second crusher 4 and the third crusher 5 have a feeding and discharging mode. Up and down, the inlet of the second crusher 4 and the outlet of the first crusher 3 are vertically butted, and the inlet of the third crusher 5 and the second crusher 4 The discharge opening is vertically butted.
  • the single-floor 12 is a modular modular active assembly structure including a top plate 27, a bottom plate 26, and a side
  • the plate 25, the top plate 27, the bottom plate 26 and the side plate 25 are fixed to the vertical support frame 10 and the lateral support frame 11 by bolts.
  • Each layer of the crusher mounting rack is arranged with material crushers arranged from top to bottom according to the material crushing and screening order, including a feeder 1 on the first floor, a jaw crusher 2, and a first on the second floor.
  • the crusher 3 and the vibrating screen 6 located at the bottommost layer, the outlet of the jaw crusher 2 and the feed inlet of the first crusher 3 are arranged perpendicular to each other in a straight line; Drop, the material to be crushed is crushed by the material crusher arranged from top to bottom under the action of gravity;
  • a material return device is connected to the bottom end of the vibrating screen 6, and the material return device is a dislocation conveyor belt 7 arranged around the outside of the single building 12;
  • the misaligned conveyor belt 7 is connected to the outside of the single building 12 through a connecting piece.
  • the misaligned conveyor belt 7 is connected to the upper level material crusher or feeder 1 through a conveying pipe 8.
  • the misaligned conveyor belt 7 faces away from the unit.
  • a material baffle 9 is provided on one side of the building 12 to prevent material from falling out.
  • the crusher mounting frame includes a lateral support frame 11 for mounting a material crusher or a feeder 1 or a vibrating screen 6 and a vertical support frame 10 for supporting the lateral support frame 11; the vertical support frame 10 and the lateral support frame 11 are quick installation and disassembly structures.
  • Each layer of the crusher mounting rack further includes a second crusher 4 on the third layer and a third crusher 5 on the fourth layer.
  • the crusher 5 is one of a jaw crusher, a cone crusher, or an impact crusher of a roll crusher.
  • the first crusher 3, the second crusher 4 and the third crusher 5 have a feeding and discharging mode. Up and down, the inlet of the second crusher 4 and the outlet of the first crusher 3 are vertically butted, and the inlet of the third crusher 5 and the second crusher 4 The discharge opening is vertically butted.
  • the single-floor 12 is a modular modular active assembly structure including a top plate 27, a bottom plate 26, and a side
  • the plate 25, the top plate 27, the bottom plate 26 and the side plate 25 are fixed to the vertical support frame 10 and the lateral support frame 11 by bolts.
  • a crushing process for a single building vertical regrind crushing equipment includes the following steps:
  • Step 1 Assemble the crusher mounting rack at the construction site, and transport multiple material crushers to each layer of the crusher mounting rack through the lifting device;
  • Step 2 Build a closed single building composed of a top plate 27, a bottom plate 26 and a side plate 25 on the basis of the crusher mounting rack;
  • Step 3 Feeding to the jaw crusher 2 through the feeder 1, and the first layer crushing operation of the material through the jaw crusher 2, the material after the first layer crushing is sequentially dropped into the second layer under the action of gravity. Crusher for crushing operation;
  • Step 4 After the crushing operation of the second-layer crusher, the screen is screened by a vibrating screen, and the materials that do not meet the standards are transported to the upper-layer material crusher through the return device to perform the crushing operation again, and the materials that meet the standards are transported into the warehouse.

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Food Science & Technology (AREA)
  • Disintegrating Or Milling (AREA)

Abstract

一种单楼垂直式回料破碎设备,包括一封闭式的单楼(12),单楼(12)内放置有一个呈垂直布置的多层破碎机安放架;破碎机安放架各层根据物料破碎筛分顺序自上而下依次排列放置有物料破碎机,包括位于第一层的喂料机(1)和颚式破碎机(2)、位于第二层的第一破碎机(3)和位于最底层的振动筛(6),颚式破碎机(2)的出料口与第一破碎机(3)的进料口对接设置;相邻上下层的物料破碎机之间存有高低落差,振动筛(6)底端连接有回料装置,回料装置为设置在单楼内侧环绕布置的错位输送带(7)。上述破碎设备解决了不合格物料的浪费问题。

Description

一种单楼垂直式回料破碎设备及其破碎工艺 技术领域
本发明涉及一种单楼垂直式回料破碎设备及其破碎工艺。属于物料破碎集成设备技术领域。
背景技术
破碎作业不是单机一次性完成的而是由多机多段破碎来完成的。另外还要配套喂料机、输送机及筛分机(也称振动筛)等等辅机,由喂料机将原料输送至一级物料破碎机,进行第一次破碎后,通过输送机将初破产品输送至二级物料破碎机进行再次破碎,再到三级破碎、四级破碎等等,最后通过输送机输送至筛分机进行筛分,合格的成品归类入库,不合格的产品通过输送机反至物料破碎机进行再次破碎,周而复始,从而组成一条破碎生产线。破碎生产线广泛应用于建筑材料领域,矿山资源开采领域。
传统技术下的破碎生产线是展开式网状破碎生产线模式,分多段破碎,两段破碎之间用25-35米的直线输送带相连接,占地大,管理不方便;对“粉尘、污水和噪音”等环保污染难以根治;因“生产工人处在破碎生产线之内”后,难以根治“安全”隐患。
在现有技术中,破碎生产线分为“固定式”和“移动式”两大类:
“固定式”的优点是1设备安装不受长宽高空间限制,破碎生产线大型化不受限制;2物料输送自由展开,十分方便;3维修空间充足;其缺点是1一旦破碎生产线建设完成就不能移动;2占地大;3对土地有侵浊;
而“移动式”的优点是1可以异地搬迁作业;2对土地没有侵浊;3搬迁后再次安装,无需再次投入基础设施成本;其缺点是1设备受公路运输条件的长宽高空间限制,只适合微型、小型破碎生产线;2物料输送机构复杂造价高;3维修空间狭窄,使维修极不方便。
且待破碎物料在现有技术破碎生产线的破碎作业中,常常会存在破碎完成后大块物料存余的现象,主要原因在于现有的颚式破碎机或圆锥破碎机或对辊式破碎机对于扁长型的物料无法彻底破碎,导致出现破碎作业完成后,不合格物料的余量较多,影响整个破碎生产线的破碎效率。于是,矿山行业的发展,急需在“固定式”和“移动式”这两种传统的模式以外,寻找(创新)更好的第三种模式……
综上所述,为了解决现有技术存在的问题,目前亟需发明一种提高生产线破碎效率和物料合格率,对破碎未合格料进行回返二次破碎,方便作业的单楼垂直式回料破碎设备及其破碎工艺,彻底解决不合格物料的浪费问题。整个单楼实用性强,对物料合格率要求较高,整体性一体化设备建房。
发明内容
本发明提出一种提高生产线破碎效率和物料合格率,对破碎未合格料进行回返二次破碎,方便作业的单楼垂直式回料破碎设备及其破碎工艺,彻底解决不合格物料的浪费问题,解决现有技术存在的问题。
为了解决上述技术问题,本发明的技术方案是一封闭式单楼,整个单楼的内外壁设置万向输送带(回料错位输送带),对破碎未合格料进行回返二次破碎,提高生产线破碎效率和物料合格率,彻底解决不合格物料的浪费问题,变原先的室外作业为室内作业,再者单楼内的物料破碎机呈垂直排列状,上级破碎设备的出料口和下级破碎设备的进料口对准,创新设计垂直对接型结构,减少了输送装置的使用,借助重力,实现设备集中设置和一体化设备建房。
一种单楼垂直式回料破碎设备,包括一封闭式的单楼,所述单楼内放置有一个呈垂直布置的多层破碎机安放架;
所述破碎机安放架各层根据物料破碎筛分顺序自上而下依次排列放置有物料破碎机,包括位于第一层的喂料机和颚式破碎机、位于第二层的第一破碎机和位于最底层的振动筛,所述颚式破碎机的出料口与第一破碎机的进料口对接设置;
所述振动筛底端连接有回料装置,所述回料装置为设置在单楼内侧环绕布置的错位输送带;
相邻上下层的物料破碎机之间存有高低落差,待破碎物料在重力作用下,依次通过由上至下布置的物料破碎机。
所述错位输送带通过连接件与单楼内侧相连,所述错位输送带通过输料管道与上层的物料破碎机或喂料机相连。
一种单楼垂直式回料破碎设备,包括一封闭式的单楼,其特征在于:所述单楼内放置有一个呈垂直布置的多层破碎机安放架;
所述破碎机安放架各层根据物料破碎筛分顺序自上而下依次排列放置有物料破碎机,包括位于第一层的喂料机和颚式破碎机、位于第二层的第一破碎机和位于最底层的振动筛,所述颚式破碎机的出料口与第一破碎机的进料口对接设置;
所述振动筛底端连接有回料装置,所述回料装置为设置在单楼外侧环绕布置的错位输送带;
相邻上下层的物料破碎机之间存有高低落差,待破碎物料在重力作用下,依次通过由上至下布置的物料破碎机。
所述错位输送带通过连接件与单楼外侧相连,所述错位输送带通过输料管道与上层的物料破碎机或喂料机相连,所述错位输送带背离所述单楼的一侧设置有用于防止物料外掉的物料挡板。
进一步地,所述破碎机安放架包括用于安放物料破碎机或喂料机或振动筛的横向支撑架和用于支撑所述横向支撑架的竖向支撑架;所述竖向支撑架和横向支撑架为快速安装拆卸结构。
进一步地,所述单楼为积木式模块化活络拼装结构,包括顶板、底板和侧板,所述顶板、底板和侧板通过螺栓与所述竖向支撑架和横向支撑架相固定,所述顶板、底板和侧板外壁贴覆有吸音材料。
进一步地,所述破碎机安放架各层还包括有位于第三层的第二破碎机和位于第四层的第三破碎机,所述第一破碎机、第二破碎机和所述第三破碎机为颚式破碎机或圆锥破碎机或对辊式破碎机或冲击式破碎机中的一种,所述第二破碎机的进料口与所述第一破碎机的出料口对接设置,所述第三破碎机的进料口与所述第二破碎机的出料口对接设置。
所述错位输送带通过输料管道与上层的物料破碎机或喂料机相连。
一种单楼垂直式回料破碎设备的破碎工艺,包括以下步骤:
步骤一、在施工现场组装破碎机安放架,并将多个物料破碎机通过提升装置分别运送至破碎机安放架各层;
步骤二、在破碎机安放架的基础上搭设由顶板、底板和侧板组成的单楼或蒙古包;
步骤三、通过喂料机向颚式破碎机进行喂料,通过颚式破碎机进行物料第一层破碎作业,第一层破碎完成后的物料在重力作用下依次掉入第二层破碎机进行破碎作业;
步骤四、第二层破碎机进行破碎作业后,通过振动筛进行筛选,将不符合标准的物料通过回料装置运输到上层物料破碎机进行再次破碎作业,将符合标准的物料输送入库。
本发明的创新思路在于:1将所有的设备集中设置,为环保措施建立基础;2然后将由设备集中所带来的物流难题,采用破碎设备对接的方式借助物料重力作用解决;3将集中起来的设备整体性一体化建房,变原室外作业为室内作业,利用一体化建房的内外壁设置万向输送带(错位输送带),对破碎未合格料进行回返二次破碎,提高生产线破碎效率和物料合格率,彻底解决不合格物料的浪费问题。
本发明的显著结构特征是:一封闭式单楼内外壁设置万向输送带对破碎未合格料进行回返破碎和单楼内的物料破碎机呈垂直排列状,上级破碎设备的出料口和下级破碎设备的进料口对准。
本发明的核心技术是:内外壁设置有回料装置的封闭式单楼和破碎设备进出料口对接的方式实现物料快速破碎,且实现设备集中设置。
本发明具有以下的特点和显著效果:
本发明涉及的一种单楼垂直式回料破碎设备及其破碎工艺将所有的设备集中单楼垂直设置,为环保措施建立基础;然后将喂料设备的喂料口对准一级破碎设备的进料口,一级破碎设备的出料口对准二级破碎设备的进料口,以此类推……,直到最后一级破碎设备的出料口通过输送装置与振动筛连接,最后筛分 入库;将集中起来的设备整体性一体化建房,一体化建房的内外壁设置万向输送带,提高生产线破碎效率和物料合格率,彻底解决不合格物料的浪费问题,变原室外作业为室内作业,极大地提高了破碎生产线的破碎效率,方便作业、方便管理与维修。整个破碎设备创新设计垂直对接型结构,减少了输送装置的使用。
附图说明
为了更清楚地说明本发明实施例或现有技术中的技术方案,下面将对实施例或现有技术描述中所需要使用的附图作简单地介绍,显而易见地,下面描述中的附图仅仅是本发明的一些实施例,对于本领域普通技术人员来讲,在不付出创造性劳动性的前提下,还可以根据这些附图获得其他的附图。
图1为本发明一种单楼垂直式回料破碎设备及其破碎工艺中实施例1的结构示意图;
图2为本发明一种单楼垂直式回料破碎设备及其破碎工艺的立体图;
图3为本发明一种单楼垂直式回料破碎设备及其破碎工艺中单楼的结构示意图;
图4为本发明一种单楼垂直式回料破碎设备及其破碎工艺中实施例2的结构示意图(1);
图5为本发明一种单楼垂直式回料破碎设备及其破碎工艺中实施例2的结构示意图(2)。
图中:1-喂料机;2-颚式破碎机;3-第一破碎机;4-第二破碎机;5-第三破碎机;6-振动筛;7-输送带;8-输料管道;9-物料挡板;10-竖向支撑架;11-横向支撑架;12-单楼;25-侧板;26-底板;27-顶板。
具体实施方式
下面结合附图对本发明的具体实施方式作进一步说明。在此需要说明的是,对于这些实施方式的说明用于帮助理解本发明,但并不构成对本发明的限定。此外,下面所描述的本发明各个实施方式中所涉及的技术特征只要彼此之间未构成冲突就可以相互组合。
实施例1:
参照图1所示的一种单楼垂直式回料破碎设备及其破碎工艺的结构示意图,一种单楼垂直式回料破碎设备,包括一封闭式的单楼12,所述单楼12内放置有一个呈垂直布置的多层破碎机安放架;
所述破碎机安放架各层根据物料破碎筛分顺序自上而下依次排列放置有物料破碎机,包括位于第一层的喂料机1和颚式破碎机2、位于第二层的第一破碎机3和位于最底层的振动筛6,所述颚式破碎机2的出料口与第一破碎机3的进料口直线垂直设置;相邻上下层的物料破碎机之间存有高低落差,待破碎物料在重力作用下,依次通过由上至下布置的物料破碎机完成物料破碎作业;所述振动筛6底端连接有回料装置,所述回料装置为设置在单楼12内侧环绕布置的错位输送带7;
所述错位输送带7通过连接件与单楼12内侧相连,所述错位输送带7通过输料管道8与上层的物料破碎机或喂料机1相连。
所述破碎机安放架包括用于安放物料破碎机或喂料机1或振动筛6的横向支撑架11和用于支撑所述横向支撑架11的竖向支撑架10;所述竖向支撑架10和横向支撑架11为快速安装拆卸结构。所述破碎机安放架各层还包括有位于第三层的第二破碎机4和位于第四层的第三破碎机5,所述第一破碎机3、第二破碎机4和第三破碎机5为颚式破碎机或圆锥破碎机或对辊式破碎机冲击式破碎机中的一种,第一破碎机3、第二破碎机4和第三破碎机5的进料出料模式呈上进下出,所述第二破碎机4的进料口与所述第一破碎机3的出料口垂直对接设置,所述第三破碎机5的进料口与所述第二破碎机4的出料口垂直对接设置。
参照图3中所示的一种单楼垂直式回料破碎设备及其破碎工艺中单楼的结构示意图;所述单楼12为积木式模块化活络拼装结构,包括顶板27、底板26和侧板25,所述顶板27、底板26和侧板25通过螺栓与所述竖向支撑架10和横向支撑架11相固定。
实施例2:
参照图4和图5所示的一种单楼垂直式回料破碎设备及其破碎工艺的结构示意图(1)和结构示意图(2),一种单楼垂直式回料破碎设备,包括一封闭式的单楼12,所述单楼12内放置有一个呈垂直布置的多层破碎机安放架;
所述破碎机安放架各层根据物料破碎筛分顺序自上而下依次排列放置有物料破碎机,包括位于第一层的喂料机1和颚式破碎机2、位于第二层的第一破碎机3和位于最底层的振动筛6,所述颚式破碎机2的出料口与第一破碎机3的进料口直线垂直设置;相邻上下层的物料破碎机之间存有高低落差,待破碎物料在重力作用下,依次通过由上至下布置的物料破碎机完成物料破碎作业;
所述振动筛6底端连接有回料装置,所述回料装置为设置在单楼12外侧环绕布置的错位输送带7;
所述错位输送带7通过连接件与单楼12外侧相连,所述错位输送带7通过输料管道8与上层的物料破碎机或喂料机1相连,所述错位输送带7背离所述单楼12的一侧设置有用于防止物料外掉的物料挡板9。
所述破碎机安放架包括用于安放物料破碎机或喂料机1或振动筛6的横向支撑架11和用于支撑所述横向支撑架11的竖向支撑架10;所述竖向支撑架10和横向支撑架11为快速安装拆卸结构。所述破碎机安放架各层还包括有位于第三层的第二破碎机4和位于第四层的第三破碎机5,所述第一破碎机3、第二破碎机4和第三破碎机5为颚式破碎机或圆锥破碎机或对辊式破碎机冲击式破碎机中的一种,第一破碎机3、第二破碎机4和第三破碎机5的进料出料模式呈上进下出,所述第二破碎机4的进料口与所述第一破碎机3的出料口垂直对接设置,所述第三破碎机5的进料口与所述第二破碎机4的出料口垂直对接设置。
参照图3中所示的一种单楼垂直式回料破碎设备及其破碎工艺中单楼的结构示意图;所述单楼12为积木式模块化活络拼装结构,包括顶板27、底板26和侧板25,所述顶板27、底板26和侧板25通过螺栓与所述竖向支撑架10和横向支撑架11相固定。
一种单楼垂直式回料破碎设备的破碎工艺,包括以下步骤:
步骤一、在施工现场组装破碎机安放架,并将多个物料破碎机通过提升装置分别运送至破碎机安放架各层;
步骤二、在破碎机安放架的基础上搭设由顶板27、底板26和侧板25组成的封闭式单楼;
步骤三、通过喂料机1向颚式破碎机2进行喂料,通过颚式破碎机2进行物料第一层破碎作业,第一层破碎完成后的物料在重力作用下依次掉入第二层破碎机进行破碎作业;
步骤四、第二层破碎机进行破碎作业后,通过振动筛进行筛选,将不符合标准的物料通过回料装置运输到上层物料破碎机进行再次破碎作业,将符合标准的物料输送入库。
以上结合附图对本发明的实施方式作了详细说明,但本发明不限于所描述的实施方式。对于本领域的技术人员而言,在不脱离本发明原理和精神的情况下,对这些实施方式进行多种变化、修改、替换和变型,仍落入本发明的保护范围内。

Claims (9)

  1. 一种单楼垂直式回料破碎设备,包括一封闭式的单楼,其特征在于:所述单楼内放置有一个呈垂直布置的多层破碎机安放架;
    所述破碎机安放架各层根据物料破碎筛分顺序自上而下依次排列放置有物料破碎机,包括位于第一层的喂料机和颚式破碎机、位于第二层的第一破碎机和位于最底层的振动筛,所述颚式破碎机的出料口与第一破碎机的进料口对接设置;
    所述振动筛底端连接有回料装置,所述回料装置为设置在单楼内侧环绕布置的错位输送带;
    相邻上下层的物料破碎机之间存有高低落差,待破碎物料在重力作用下,依次通过由上至下布置的物料破碎机。
  2. 根据权利要求1所述的一种单楼垂直式回料破碎设备,其特征在于:所述错位输送带通过连接件与单楼内侧相连,所述错位输送带通过输料管道与上层的物料破碎机相连。
  3. 一种单楼垂直式回料破碎设备,包括一封闭式的单楼,其特征在于:所述单楼内放置有一个呈垂直布置的多层破碎机安放架;
    所述破碎机安放架各层根据物料破碎筛分顺序自上而下依次排列放置有物料破碎机,包括位于第一层的喂料机和颚式破碎机、位于第二层的第一破碎机和位于最底层的振动筛,所述颚式破碎机的出料口与第一破碎机的进料口对接设置;
    所述振动筛底端连接有回料装置,所述回料装置为设置在单楼外侧环绕布置的错位输送带;
    相邻上下层的物料破碎机之间存有高低落差,待破碎物料在重力作用下,依次通过由上至下布置的物料破碎机。
  4. 根据权利要求3所述的一种单楼垂直式回料破碎设备,其特征在于:所述错位输送带通过连接件与单楼外侧相连,所述错位输送带通过输料管道与上层的物料破碎机或喂料机相连,所述错位输送带背离所述单楼的一侧设置有用于防止物料外掉的物料挡板。
  5. 根据权利要求1或2或3或4所述的一种单楼垂直式回料破碎设备,其特征在于:所述破碎机安放架包括用于安放物料破碎机或喂料机或振动筛的横向支撑架和用于支撑所述横向支撑架的竖向支撑架;所述竖向支撑架和横向支撑架为快速安装拆卸结构。
  6. 根据权利要求5所述的一种单楼垂直式回料破碎设备,其特征在于:所述单楼为积木式模块化活络拼装结构,包括顶板、底板和侧板,所述顶板、底板和侧板通过螺栓与所述竖向支撑架和横向支撑架相固定。
  7. 根据权利要求1或3所述的一种单楼垂直式回料破碎设备,其特征在于:所述破碎机安放架各层还包括有位于第三层的第二破碎机和位于第四层的第三破碎机,所述第一破碎机、第二破碎机和所述第三破碎机为颚式破碎机或圆锥破碎机或对辊式破碎机或冲击式破碎机中的一种,所述第二破碎机的进料口与所述第一破碎机的出料口对接设置,所述第三破碎机的进料口与所述第二破碎机的出料口对接设置。
  8. 根据权利要求7所述的一种单楼垂直式回料破碎设备,其特征在于:所述错位输送带通过输料管道与上层的物料破碎机或喂料机相连。
  9. 一种单楼垂直式回料破碎设备的破碎工艺,其特征在于:包括以下步骤:
    步骤一、在施工现场组装破碎机安放架,并将多个物料破碎机通过提升装置分别运送至破碎机安放架各层;
    步骤二、在破碎机安放架的基础上搭设由顶板、底板和侧板组成的封闭式单楼;
    步骤三、通过喂料机向颚式破碎机进行喂料,通过颚式破碎机进行物料第一层破碎作业,第一层破碎完成后的物料在重力作用下依次掉入第二层破碎机进行破碎作业;
    步骤四、第二层破碎机进行破碎作业后,通过振动筛进行筛选,将不符合标准的物料通过回料装置运输到上层物料破碎机进行再次破碎作业,将符合标准的物料输送入库。
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