WO2019010631A1 - 一种自动切布机 - Google Patents

一种自动切布机 Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2019010631A1
WO2019010631A1 PCT/CN2017/092493 CN2017092493W WO2019010631A1 WO 2019010631 A1 WO2019010631 A1 WO 2019010631A1 CN 2017092493 W CN2017092493 W CN 2017092493W WO 2019010631 A1 WO2019010631 A1 WO 2019010631A1
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WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
cloth
reel
bracket
cutter
fabric
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PCT/CN2017/092493
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English (en)
French (fr)
Inventor
陈军
柳红旭
彭涛
程嘉聪
詹树佳
Original Assignee
真玫智能科技(深圳)有限公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
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Application filed by 真玫智能科技(深圳)有限公司 filed Critical 真玫智能科技(深圳)有限公司
Priority to PCT/CN2017/092493 priority Critical patent/WO2019010631A1/zh
Publication of WO2019010631A1 publication Critical patent/WO2019010631A1/zh

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    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06HMARKING, INSPECTING, SEAMING OR SEVERING TEXTILE MATERIALS
    • D06H7/00Apparatus or processes for cutting, or otherwise severing, specially adapted for the cutting, or otherwise severing, of textile materials
    • D06H7/02Apparatus or processes for cutting, or otherwise severing, specially adapted for the cutting, or otherwise severing, of textile materials transversely

Definitions

  • the invention relates to the field of cloth processing machinery and equipment, in particular to a precise cloth cutting device.
  • Measuring cloth and cutting cloth are the most common production methods of garment factories that make garments in garment factories.
  • the production method is to manually transport the cloth rolls, cut the cloth of the required length on the cutting table, and then manually put the remaining cloth rolls back. Original (shelf) position. In this way, especially in single-piece or small-batch production, it is necessary to repeat the above actions continuously. Two workers are required to take the fabric at this station (because the width of the fabric roll is too large, two people need to be lifted), and then the pattern is pressed. In order to cut the fabric, the production time is relatively long, which creates a great waste in human resources and material resources, and also affects the subsequent sewing process.
  • an automatic cutting device such as an automatic cloth cutting machine proposed in the patent application 201010213187.5, comprising a front feeding mechanism and a rear cutting mechanism, and a pre-feeding mechanism is arranged in front of the feeding mechanism.
  • the pre-supply mechanism includes a front feed roller disposed at a front end of the upper end of the pre-supply mechanism and a transition bar disposed at a rear end of the upper end of the pre-supply mechanism, the pre-supply mechanism further comprising a cloth monitoring probe disposed
  • the cloth monitoring probe includes a cloth feeding probe disposed at a middle portion of the upper end of the pre-supply mechanism and a cloth cloth probe disposed at a middle portion of the lower end of the pre-feeding mechanism.
  • a cloth cutting machine which comprises a cutting part and a conveying part, the cutting part comprises a fuselage, two pressing mechanisms, a first cutting mechanism, a second cloth cutting mechanism and a control operation screen, wherein the two pressing mechanisms, the first cloth cutting mechanism and the second cloth cutting mechanism are all disposed on the body, and the first cloth cutting mechanism is located at two Between the pressing mechanisms, the control operation screen is respectively electrically connected to the two pressing mechanisms, the first cloth cutting mechanism and the second cloth cutting mechanism; the conveying portion is correspondingly disposed on the first The output of the second cloth cutting mechanism.
  • the cutting of the cloth in the longitudinal direction and the transverse direction is realized, so that the utility model has the advantages of convenient operation, high cutting efficiency and accurate cutting.
  • the mechanism can realize the longitudinal and lateral shearing of the cloth through the pressing mechanism and the two cloth cutting mechanisms, thereby increasing the cutting mode of the cloth, and can improve the cutting precision of the cloth to a certain extent, but the pressing mechanism is simple in structure.
  • the cutting is not accurate, which is easy to cause waste of the fabric, and does not have the function of automatically taking cloth, measuring cloth and remaining cloth, and only realizes the cutting of the cloth, the function is too single, and the degree of automation is low.
  • the primary object of the present invention is to provide an automatic cloth cutting machine which can automatically take cloth, cut, and return the remaining cloth, which reduces the time for manual cloth taking and reduces the existing cloth cutting.
  • the machine needs to be spread and then cut the area and time occupied by the last roll to improve efficiency.
  • Another object of the present invention is to provide an automatic cloth cutting machine which has high automation efficiency, can realize automatic measuring cloth, and has compact structure design, and has an upper and lower distribution design, and has the advantages of small occupied area and static elimination.
  • the utility model relates to an automatic cloth cutting machine, which comprises a column, an automatic cloth picking mechanism, a cloth guiding mechanism and a cutting mechanism, wherein the automatic cloth picking mechanism, the cloth guiding mechanism and the cutting mechanism are all arranged on the column, Distributing, the automatic cloth taking mechanism is disposed at an upper portion of the cloth guiding mechanism, and the cloth guiding mechanism is provided with a cutting mechanism. After the automatic cloth taking mechanism picks up the cloth reel, the cloth is tensioned by the cloth guiding mechanism, and the cutting mechanism is cloth Cutting is performed to realize automatic control of cloth feeding, cutting, and restful cloth returning.
  • the automated process reduces the time for manual cloth taking and improves the efficiency; and the upper and lower distribution structure reduces the space occupied by the cloth cutting machine. ,Small footprint.
  • the automatic cloth picking mechanism comprises two side supports, a reel clamping assembly and a reel support, and side supports
  • the bottom of the rack is provided with a horizontal bracket, the horizontal bracket is fixedly connected to the column, the side bracket is disposed on the column through the horizontal bracket, and the two side brackets are arranged in parallel, and each side bracket is provided with a reel clamping assembly,
  • the fabric spool is clamped for easy access and placement of the fabric spool, and a reel support is disposed above the side bracket for placing the fabric spool to facilitate winding the fabric and cutting the fabric.
  • the side bracket is a plate-like structure, and a pulley is disposed thereon, and the pulley supports a side bracket transmission belt, and the side bracket transmission belt is fixed with a reel support member, and the reel support member is driven by the side bracket transmission belt to support the reel
  • the piece can effectively support the fabric spool in place.
  • the reel support is U-shaped to allow the fabric spool to be securely disposed within the reel support.
  • the reel gripping assembly comprises a reel motor, a reel drive shaft and a reel clamp, the reel motor is connected with a reel drive shaft, the reel drive shaft is connected to the reel clamp, and the reel motor drives the reel clamp to grip the cloth through the reel drive shaft reel.
  • the reel gripping assembly is fixed on the clamping bracket, the clamping bracket is fixed on the outer side of the side bracket, the reel clamp protrudes inward, and the two side brackets are symmetrically disposed with two reel clips The assembly is taken, thereby allowing two symmetrically distributed reel clamps to be stably clamped.
  • the outer side of the reel drive shaft is connected with a clamping cylinder, and the lower part of the reel clamp is provided with a transmission rail, and the clamping cylinder can push the reel drive shaft to drive the reel fixture to move back and forth along the transmission rail, so that the reel fixture can hold the cloth reel .
  • the reel jig is a three-jaw jig, that is, the reel jig has three inwardly projecting jaws, and the three jaws are evenly disposed on the edge of one circle to form a stable clamping action.
  • the bottom of the side bracket is provided with a rail, and the horizontal bracket has a rail, and the rail is arranged corresponding to the rail, so that the side bracket can move back and forth along the rail, so that the reel gripping component can grip and place the fabric reel .
  • a support plate is disposed between the two side brackets for supporting and spacing the two side brackets.
  • the bottom side of the support plate is provided with a horizontal motor, and the horizontal motor is connected with a transmission shaft. Both sides of the transmission shaft are threaded on the rotating gear, and the rotating gear is engaged with the guide rail.
  • the lower part of the support plate is provided with two horizontal support plates arranged in parallel, and the connection plates are fixed between the horizontal support plates, the connection plates are located on both sides of the horizontal support plate, and the drive shaft is supported below the connection plate, and the horizontal
  • the motor is fixed above a horizontal support plate, and the end of the drive shaft is disposed through the rotating gear, and the bottom of the guide rail has a tooth pattern.
  • the horizontal axis motor drives the transmission shaft to rotate, the transmission shaft drives the rotating gear, and the rotating gear drives the guide rail to generate displacement, thereby achieving the effect of removing or returning the cloth.
  • a length measuring instrument is fixed, and the side length meter is combined with the photoelectric switch of the measuring cloth (fixed to the outside of the side bracket), and the photoelectric switch detects that the cloth enters the inside of the winding shaft.
  • the side length gauge can calculate the length of the rolled fabric.
  • the cloth guiding mechanism comprises a plurality of pressing rollers, wherein the plurality of pressing rollers are respectively on both sides of the fabric to make the fabric in a tension state.
  • the cloth guiding mechanism further includes a roller, the roller is located above the plurality of pressing rollers, and is connected to the pushing cylinder, and pushes the roller through the pushing cylinder so that the hanging direction of the cloth is directly under the cloth roll .
  • a guide plate is disposed below the idler roller, and the guide plate is disposed obliquely for guiding the downward direction of the fabric and placing the fabric in a flat tension state.
  • the plurality of pressing rollers are disposed on the pressure roller bracket, the pressure roller bracket is fixed on the column by the guiding frame, the guiding frame is fixed on the side of the column, and the guiding frame has the sliding Block, the guide rail on the slider, the front end of the guide rail is fixed to the pressure roller bracket, and the guide rail is connected with a pressure roller cylinder, and the guide rail is moved by the pressure roller cylinder, thereby enabling the pressure roller to perform Proper displacement to tension the fabric.
  • the cutting mechanism is fixed on the column, and the cutting mechanism comprises a cutting bracket, a front and rear moving motor, a moving bracket, a cutter drag chain, a cutter bracket, a knife holder and a cutter, wherein the two ends of the cutting bracket are fixed on the column,
  • the inside of the cutting bracket is provided with a moving bracket, and the moving bracket has a cutter drag chain, and the cutter drag chain Connected to the cutter holder, the cutter holder is connected to the knife holder, and the cutter holder is suspended with a cutter.
  • the cutter drag chain can drive the cutter to move back and forth to cut the fabric.
  • the front portion of the cutting bracket is further provided with a cutter pressing plate to press the cloth to facilitate cutting.
  • a cutter head is fixed on an outer side of the cutter holder, and a front end of the cutter holder is connected to the knife holder, and a front end of the cutter holder is a telescopic end, and a cutter cylinder is disposed outside the cutter holder, and the cutter holder passes through the cutter holder
  • the shaft is eccentrically connected to the front end of the cutter holder.
  • the cutter is a horizontally arranged disc-shaped cutter connected with a stepping motor, and the cutter is rotated by the stepping motor to cut the fabric quickly, thereby avoiding the phenomenon that the original cutter brings the fabric part to cut off.
  • an ion wind bar is further disposed at a portion of the automatic cloth picking mechanism corresponding to the cloth, and the ion wind bar is horizontally disposed at a lower portion of the automatic cloth picking mechanism to eliminate static electricity of the cloth.
  • the automatic cloth picking mechanism moves to the fabric reel, and the clamping cylinder causes the reel gripping assembly to grasp the two ends of the fabric reel, clamp the fabric reel, and reset by the motor to complete the take-up of the fabric reel.
  • the static elimination device ion wind bar releases current, generates electric ions, and achieves the purpose of removing static electricity.
  • the invention can realize automatic cloth picking by the automatic cloth picking mechanism, thereby reducing the time for manual cloth taking, and the cloth cutting machine of the present invention adopts the cloth guiding mechanism and the cutting mechanism to realize the purpose of cutting, and reduces the existing cloth cutting machine.
  • the area and time required to lay the cloth and then cut the last roll, the recycling of the cloth and the remaining cloth can be completed at the same time, improving efficiency.
  • Figure 1 is a schematic view showing the structure of the present invention.
  • FIG. 2 is a schematic view showing the structure of an automatic fabric taking mechanism according to the present invention.
  • FIG. 3 is a schematic structural view of the automatic cloth taking mechanism and the column connected by the present invention.
  • Figure 4 is a partial enlarged view of a portion A of Figure 2.
  • Fig. 5 is a partial structural view showing the automatic cloth take-up mechanism of the present invention without a support plate.
  • Figure 6 is a partial enlarged view of a portion B shown in Figure 5.
  • Fig. 7 is a schematic structural view of a cloth guiding mechanism implemented by the present invention.
  • Figure 8 is a side elevational view of the cloth guiding mechanism implemented in the present invention.
  • Figure 9 is a partial enlarged view of a portion C of Figure 3.
  • Figure 10 is a schematic view showing the structure of a cutting mechanism implemented by the present invention.
  • Figure 11 is a partial enlarged view of a portion D of Figure 10.
  • FIG. 1 is an automatic cloth cutting machine realized by the present invention.
  • the cloth cutting machine comprises a column 1 , an automatic cloth picking mechanism 2 , a cloth guiding mechanism 4 and a cutting mechanism 5 , wherein The automatic cloth picking mechanism 2, the cloth guiding mechanism 4, and the cutting mechanism 5 are all disposed on the column 1 and are vertically distributed.
  • the automatic cloth picking mechanism 2 is disposed at the upper portion of the cloth guiding mechanism 4, and the cloth guiding mechanism 4
  • a cutting mechanism 5 is disposed in the middle.
  • the automatic fabric picking mechanism 2 grips the fabric spool, the fabric is tensioned by the fabric guiding mechanism 4, and the cutting mechanism 5 cuts the fabric to realize automatic cloth picking, cutting, and rest of the fabric.
  • Control operation the automatic process reduces the time for manual cloth taking, and improves the efficiency; and the structure of the upper and lower distribution reduces the occupied space of the cloth cutting machine, and the floor space is small.
  • the automatic fabric picking mechanism 2 mainly includes two side brackets 21, a horizontal bracket 22, a clamp shaft bracket 23, a reel motor 28, a reel drive shaft 292, a reel clamp 29, and a reel support member 27,
  • the bottom bracket 21 is provided with a horizontal bracket 22 for fixed connection to the pillar 1 , and the side bracket 21 is disposed on the pillar 1 by the horizontal bracket 22 .
  • the side brackets 21 have two symmetrical arrangements, and the two side brackets 21 are disposed in parallel, each of which is provided with a reel support member 27, and the reel motor 28, the reel drive shaft 292 and the reel jig 29 clamp the cloth reel Tightly, take and place the fabric reel, above which the reel support 27 is disposed above the side bracket 21, the reel support 27 is used for Place the fabric roll 3 so that the fabric can be rolled up and the fabric can be cut.
  • the side bracket 21 is a plate-like structure, and a pulley 211 is disposed thereon.
  • the pulley 211 supports a side bracket transmission belt 212.
  • the side bracket transmission belt 212 is fixed with a reel support member 27, and the reel support member is driven by the side bracket transmission belt 212. 27 to enable the reel support to effectively support the fabric spool in place.
  • the reel support member 27 is U-shaped so that the cloth reel is securely disposed within the reel support.
  • a support plate 24 is disposed between the two side brackets 21 for supporting and spacing the two side brackets 21.
  • the reel motor 28, the reel drive shaft 292 and the reel jig 29 are all disposed on the clamp bracket 23, and the clamp bracket 23 is located outside the side bracket 21 and fixed to the side bracket 21, and the reel motor is connected with the reel drive shaft
  • the reel drive shaft is connected to the reel jig, and the reel motor drives the reel jig to take the cloth reel through the reel drive shaft.
  • the reel motor 28 is connected to the reel drive shaft 292 by a transmission belt, one side of the transmission shaft 292 is connected with a clamping cylinder 291, the other side of the transmission shaft 292 is connected to the reel holder 294, and the reel holder 294 is fixedly mounted with a reel holder 29;
  • the reel jig 29 projects inwardly, and two reel jigs 29 are symmetrically disposed on the two side brackets 21, thereby enabling the two symmetrically distributed reel jigs 29 to stably hold the fabric reel.
  • the lower portion of the reel holder 294 is provided with a transmission rail 293 that can push the transmission shaft 292 to move the reel holder 294 back and forth along the transmission rail 293, facilitating the reel holder 29 to grip the cloth reel.
  • the reel jig 29 is a three-jaw jig, that is, the reel jig has three inwardly projecting jaws, and the three jaws are uniformly disposed on the edge of a circle to form a stable Clamping effect.
  • the bottom of the side bracket 21 is mounted with a guide rail 25, and at a corresponding position of the guide rail 25, the horizontal bracket 22 has a rail 26, and the guide rail 25 is disposed corresponding to the rail 26, so that the side bracket 21 can move back and forth along the rail 26, which is convenient. Clip and place the fabric roll.
  • a horizontal motor 251 is mounted on the bottom side of the support plate 24, and a horizontal shaft 251 is connected to the drive shaft 252. Both sides of the drive shaft 252 are threaded on the rotating gear 253, and the rotating gear is rotated.
  • the 253 is engaged with the guide rail 25.
  • the lower portion of the support plate 24 is provided with two horizontal support plates 241 arranged in parallel, and a connection plate 242 is fixed between the horizontal support plates 241.
  • the connection plate 242 is located on both sides of the horizontal support plate 241, below the connection plate 242.
  • the drive shaft 252 is supported, and the horizontal motor 251 is fixed above a horizontal support plate 241.
  • the end of the drive shaft 252 is passed through the rotating gear 253, and the bottom of the guide rail 25 has a tooth pattern.
  • the drive shaft 252 can be rotated by the horizontal motor 251, and the drive shaft 252 drives the rotating gear 253, and the rotating gear 253 drives the guide rail 25 to generate displacement, thereby controlling the side bracket 21 and the reel support member 27 to move back and forth for clamping and placing.
  • the cloth reel is used to remove or return the fabric.
  • a length measuring instrument 7 In the middle of one of the horizontal support plates 241, a length measuring instrument 7 is fixed, and the side length meter 7 is combined with the photoelectric switch 6 of the measuring cloth (fixed to the outside of the side bracket 21), and the photoelectric switch detects that the cloth enters the winding cloth.
  • the inside of the shaft starts to count, and when one end of the cloth enters the fixed length of the lower end of the winding shaft and ends the timing, the side length meter 7 can calculate the length of the rolled fabric.
  • Opposite side photoelectric shields 6 are disposed on the outer side of the side brackets 21.
  • the pair of photoelectric switches 6 are disposed in pairs and fixed on the horizontal bracket 22 for detecting the position of the fabric spool and controlling the accurate take-up or returning of the fabric.
  • a column guide 11 is disposed on the side wall of the column 1, and a guide frame 13 is disposed in the column guide 11, and the guide frame 13 is connected with a cable drag chain 12, and the guide frame 13 and the clamp bracket 23 are fixed together, thereby
  • the cable holder and the guide frame 13 can be used to drive the side bracket 21, the spool clamp 29, and the like to be vertically displaced along the column 1, so that the height of the spool clamp 29 can be adjusted to grip the cloth spool.
  • the cloth guiding mechanism 4 includes a plurality of pressing rolls 44, 45, wherein the pressing rolls 44, 45 have two, respectively, mounted on the press roll holder 43, distributed on both sides of the cloth. .
  • the cloth guiding mechanism 4 further includes a fixing frame 41 and a roller 42 for fixing the roller 42 to the column 1 , and the roller 42 is located above the pressing roller 44 and connected to the pushing cylinder 421 to pass The push cylinder 421 pushes the roller 42 so that the hanging direction of the cloth is directly below the cloth roll 3.
  • a guide plate 46 is further disposed below the idler roller 42.
  • the guide plate 46 is disposed obliquely to the cloth for guiding the cloth. The material is lowered and the fabric is placed in a flat tension.
  • a side plate 47 is disposed below the guide plate 46, and the side plate 47 is used to keep the cloth flat and avoid curling of the cloth.
  • the pressure roller bracket 43 is fixed to the column 1 by a guiding frame 48.
  • the guiding frame 48 is fixed to the side of the column 1, and the guiding frame 48 has a connecting portion 481 protruding from the pressing roller bracket, and the connecting portion 481 has a slider. 482.
  • the slider 482 is provided with a guiding rail 483.
  • the front end of the guiding rail 483 is fixed to the connecting frame 431 of the pressing roller bracket 43.
  • the connecting bracket 431 protrudes perpendicularly to the pressing roller bracket 43 for facilitating and guiding.
  • the front ends of the rails 483 are fixed together.
  • the guide rail 483 is connected to the press roller cylinder 484, and the guide rail 483 is moved by the press roller cylinder 484, so that the press rollers 44 and 45 can be appropriately displaced to tension the fabric.
  • the cutting mechanism 5 is fixed to the column 1.
  • the cutting mechanism 5 includes a cutting bracket 52, a front and rear moving motor 53, a moving bracket 51, a cutter drag chain 58, a cutter bracket 54, a tool holder 56, and
  • the cutter 57 is fixed to the column 1 at both ends of the cutting bracket 52.
  • the inside of the cutting bracket 52 is provided with a moving bracket 51.
  • the moving bracket 51 has a cutter drag chain 58 connected to the cutter bracket. 54.
  • the cutter holder 54 is coupled to the knife holder 56.
  • the knife holder 56 is suspended with a cutter 57.
  • the cutter drag chain 58 can move the cutter forward and backward to cut the fabric.
  • the front portion of the cutting bracket 52 is also provided with a cutter pressing plate 59 for pressing the fabric to facilitate cutting.
  • a cutter holder 55 is fixed to the outer side of the cutter holder 54.
  • the front end of the cutter holder 55 is connected to the cutter holder 56.
  • the front end of the cutter holder 55 is a telescopic end 552.
  • the outer side of the cutter holder 55 is provided with a cutter cylinder 551, and the cutter holder 56 is provided.
  • the cutter shaft 561 is eccentrically connected to the front end of the cutter holder 54.
  • the cutter cylinder 551 moves the telescopic end 552 back and forth to hold the cutter holder 56. Since the holder shaft 561 is eccentrically connected to the cutter holder 54, the cutter holder shaft 561 is eccentrically connected to the cutter holder 54
  • the knife 57 is suspended from the front end of the cutter holder 53.
  • the cutter holder 56 drives the cutter 57 to move inward, and the cutter pressing plate 59 presses the cloth, so that the cutter 57 can be The cloth is cut; after the cutting is completed, the telescopic end 552 is contracted backward, so that the cutter holder 56 drives the cutter 57 to move outward, leaving the cloth to complete the cutting action.
  • the cutter 57 is a horizontally arranged circular cutter connected with a stepping motor, and the cutter is rotated by the stepping motor to cut the fabric quickly, thereby avoiding the cutting of the fabric by the original cutter.
  • a guide 562 is further provided at the front end of the tool holder 56 to protect the cutter 57.
  • An ion wind bar is further disposed at a portion of the automatic cloth picking mechanism corresponding to the cloth, and the ion wind bar is horizontally disposed at a lower portion of the automatic cloth picking mechanism to eliminate static electricity of the cloth.
  • the cloth guiding mechanism tightens the cloth
  • the cutting mechanism is activated
  • the cutting knife receives the cutting command and rotates at a high speed, and starts cutting, until the cloth is cut
  • the pair of the receiving switch receives the cutting knife. Information and send the information to the controller to complete the cutting of the fabric.
  • the upper reel rewinds the remaining fabric under the control of the reel gripping assembly, and the lower reel continues to rotate three times under the control of the reel gripping assembly to ensure that the lower end of the fabric is completely wound, and the upper end of the fabric is wound. Take the remaining cloth after cutting and return the remaining fabric to the shelf, so as to complete the automatic take-up, measurement, cutting and playback of the remaining cloth.
  • the invention also has the advantages that the purpose of fabricating the cloth in two directions can be achieved, and the fabric storage cloth shelves are arranged in parallel in a row, and the automatic cloth picking mechanism can move and take the materials between each row of the shelves.
  • the fabric is automatically taken to a designated position, and then the cloth taking, cutting, and the like are completed.
  • the reel gripping assembly can take the cloth in two directions and then cut the cloth.
  • the automatic cloth picking mechanism realizes the function that the reel gripping assembly can take the cloth on the shelves on both sides of the moving track.
  • the reel gripping assembly changes the design of the original fabric moving platform, and the fabric is directly taken on the reel gripping assembly, and is automatically conveyed to the cutting position for cutting, thereby realizing the function of cutting the fabric on both sides. .
  • the newly added fabric guiding mechanism allows the fabric to move downward in a certain direction, effectively utilizing the upper and lower spaces of the cutting machine to reduce the volume, and on the other hand, the fabric is tightened to facilitate the cutting of the fabric.
  • the cutter that rotates the motor and the cutter plate together form a cutter device, and the cutting is completed by the principle of the scissors fork to avoid the phenomenon that the cloth part is cut off.

Abstract

一种自动切布机,包括有立柱(1)、自动取布机构(2)、布料导引机构(4)、切割机构(5),所述自动取布机构(2)、布料导引机构(4)、切割机构(5)均设置于立柱(1)上,呈上下分布,所述自动取布机构(2)设置于布料导引机构(4)的上部,布料导引机构(4)中设置有切割机构(5),自动取布机构(2)夹取布料卷轴后,布料通过布料导引机构(4)张紧,切割机构(5)对布料进行切割,从而实现自动取布、裁切、剩余布料放回的控制操作,自动化的过程减少了人工取布的时间,提高了效率;且上下分布的结构设置减小了切布机的占用空间,占地面积小。

Description

一种自动切布机 技术领域
本发明涉及布料加工机械设备领域,特别涉及一种精确切布设备。
背景技术
量布、切布是制衣厂制造成衣的目前制衣厂比较常见的生产方式是人工搬运布卷料,在裁布台上裁切所需长度的布料,然后把剩余的布料卷人工放回原来(货架的)位置上。这样一来,特别是单件或小批量生产需要不断的重复上述动作,在此工位上需配置两个人力取布料(因布料卷宽幅过大,需要两人抬放),再按纸样图来裁切布料,在生产时间上比较长,在人力资源、物力资源上形成了极大的浪费,同时也会影响后续的缝纫工序。
于是人们开发出了自动切布的设备,如专利申请201010213187.5提出的一种自动切布机,包括前部的送布机构和后部的切布机构,送布机构前方设置有预供布机构,所述预供布机构包括设置于预供布机构上端前部的前级送布辊和设置于预供布机构上端后部的过渡杆,预供布机构还包括设置有布料监测探头,所述布料监测探头包括设置于预供布机构上端中部的进布探头和设置于预供布机构下端中部的止布探头。布料在输送过程中所受到的拉力恒定,形变恒定,输送平直、稳定,切割的尺寸精确,速度快,切割效果好。
然而上述专利申请所采用的技术方案需要人工上布料,不能自动上料,导致自动切布机的效率不高,切输送过程中没有考虑到重力对布料的作用,实际切割效果并不理想,由此,专利申请201620489559.X对此提出了改进,设计了一种切布机,包括剪切部分和传送部分,所述剪切部分包括机身、两个压紧机构、第一切布机构、第二切布机构和控制操作屏,两个所述压紧机构、所述第一切布机构、所述第二切布机构均设置于所述机身,所述第一切布机构位于两 个所述压紧机构之间,所述控制操作屏分别与两个压紧机构、所述第一切布机构和所述第二切布机构电连接;所述传送部分对应设置于所述第二切布机构的输出端。通过压紧机构、第一切布机构和第二切布机构的配合工作,实现布料在纵向和横向的剪切,使得本实用新型具有操作方便,剪切效率高、剪裁准确等特点。该机构通过压紧机构和两个切布机构能够实现布料的纵向和横向的剪切,增加了布料的剪切方式,且能够在一定程度上提高布料的切割准确性,但是压紧机构结构简单,对于厚重的布料,切割并不准确,容易造成布料的浪费,且不具有自动取布、量布及剩余布料的放回功能,仅仅实现布料的切割,功能过于单一,自动化程度低。
发明内容
基于上述问题,本发明的首要目地是提供一种自动切布机,该切布机可实现自动取布、裁切、剩余布料放回,减少了人工取布的时间,降低了现有切布机需先铺布再裁剪最后卷布而占用的面积和时间问题,提高了效率。
本发明的另一个目地在于提供一种自动切布机,该切布机自动化效率高,能够实现自动量布,且结构设计紧凑,呈上下分布设计,具有占地面积小、静电消除的效果。
为达到上述目地,本发明是按照如下方式实现的。
一种自动切布机,该切布机包括有立柱、自动取布机构、布料导引机构、切割机构,所述自动取布机构、布料导引机构、切割机构均设置于立柱上,呈上下分布,所述自动取布机构设置于布料导引机构的上部,布料导引机构中设置有切割机构,自动取布机构夹取布料卷轴后,布料通过布料导引机构张紧,切割机构对布料进行切割,从而实现自动取布、裁切、剩余布料放回的控制操作,自动化的过程减少了人工取布的时间,提高了效率;且上下分布的结构设置减小了切布机的占用空间,占地面积小。
所述自动取布机构包括有两个侧支架、卷轴夹取组件及卷轴支撑件,侧支 架的底部设置有水平支架,水平支架固定连接于立柱,所述侧支架通过水平支架设置于立柱上,且两个侧支架平行设置,每个侧支架均上设置有卷轴夹取组件,以对布料卷轴进行夹紧,便于拿取及放置布料卷轴,侧支架的上方设置有卷轴支撑件,所述卷轴支撑件用于放置布料卷轴,以便于卷放布料,对布料进行裁切。
进一步,所述侧支架为板状结构,其上设置有皮带轮,所述皮带轮上支撑有侧支架传动带,侧支架传动带上固定有卷轴支撑件,通过侧支架传动带带动卷轴支撑件,以使卷轴支撑件能够在适当的位置有效地支撑布料卷轴。
更进一步,所述卷轴支撑件为U型结构,以使布料卷轴得以稳固地安置于卷轴支撑件内。
所述卷轴夹取组件,包括有卷轴电机、卷轴传动轴及卷轴夹具,所述卷轴电机连接有卷轴传动轴,卷轴传动轴的连接于卷轴夹具,卷轴电机通过卷轴传动轴带动卷轴夹具夹取布料卷轴。
更进一步,所述卷轴夹取组件固定于夹轴支架上,所述夹轴支架固定于侧支架的外侧,所述卷轴夹具向内伸出,两个侧支架的上对称设置有两个卷轴夹取组件,由此使两个对称分布的卷轴夹具得以稳定地夹持。
更进一步,所述卷轴传动轴的外侧连接有夹紧气缸,卷轴夹具的下部设置有传动轨,夹紧气缸可以推动卷轴传动轴带动卷轴夹具沿着传动轨前后运动,便于卷轴夹具夹持布料卷轴。
更进一步,所述卷轴夹具为三爪夹具,即卷轴夹具具有三个向内伸出的夹爪,三个夹爪均匀设置于一个圆的边缘,形成稳定的夹持作用。
所述侧支架的底部设置有导轨,且所述水平支架上具有轨道,所述导轨对应于轨道设置,以使侧支架能够沿着轨道进行前后运动,便于卷轴夹取组件夹取及放置布料卷轴。
进一步,两个侧支架之间设置有支撑板,用以对两个侧支架进行支撑及间隔。
更进一步,所述支撑板的底部一侧装设有水平电机,水平电机连接有传动轴,传动轴的两侧穿系于转动齿轮上,而转动齿轮则与导轨咬合在一起。具体地说,支撑板的下部设置有两个平行设置的水平支撑板,水平支撑板之间固定有连接板,连接板位于水平支撑板的两侧,连接板的下方支撑有传动轴,而水平电机则固定于一个水平支撑板的上方,传动轴的端部穿设于转动齿轮,导轨的底部具有齿纹。通过水平电机带动传动轴转动,传动轴带动转动齿轮,转动齿轮再带动导轨产生位移,由此,达到取出或放回布料的效果。
进一步,在其中一个水平支撑板的中部,固定有测长仪,侧长仪结合量布的对射光电开关(固定于侧支架的外侧),对射光电开关检测到布料进入卷布轴内部开始计时,当布料的一端进入下端卷布轴固定长度后结束计时,侧长仪就可以计算出卷布的长度。
所述布料导引机构包括有复数个压辊,其中,所述复数个压辊分别在布料的两侧,使布料处于张紧状态。
进一步,布料导引机构还包括有托辊,所述托辊位于所述复数个压辊的上方,并连接于推动气缸,通过推送气缸推动托辊,使布料的下垂方向在布料卷的正下方。
更进一步,所述托辊的下方还设置有导板,所述导板倾斜设置,用于导引布料的下行,并使布料处于平整的张紧状态。
更进一步,所述复数个压辊,设置于压辊支架上,所述压辊支架通过导引架固定在立柱上,导引架固定在立柱的侧面,且所述导引架,其具有滑块,所述滑块上导引轨,导引轨的前端固定与压辊支架上,所述导引轨连接有压辊气缸,通过压辊气缸推动导引轨移动,从而使压辊能够进行适当的位移,以张紧布料。
所述切割机构固定于立柱上,切割机构包括有切割支架、前后移动电机、移动支架、切刀拖链、切刀支架、刀架及切刀,所述切割支架的两端固定于立柱上,切割支架的内侧设置有移动支架,移动支架上具有切刀拖链,切刀拖链 连接于切刀支架,切刀支架连接于刀架,刀架则悬挂有切刀,通过切刀拖链能带动切刀前后移动,以对布料进行切割。
进一步,所述切割支架的前部还设置有切刀压板,以压紧布料,便于切割。
更进一步,所述切刀支架的外侧固定有收刀架,收刀架前端连接于刀架,收刀架的前端为伸缩端,收刀架的外侧设置有收刀气缸,刀架通过刀架轴偏心连接于切刀支架的前端。
进一步,所述切刀,为水平设置的圆盘状刀具,其连接有步进电机,通过步进电机带动切刀旋转,从而快速切割布料,避免原有切刀带来布料部分切断现象。
进一步,在自动取布机构对应于布料的部位,还设置有离子风棒,离子风棒呈横向水平设置于自动取布机构的下部,以消除布料的静电。
切布机收到取布料卷轴指令后,自动取布机构向布料卷轴移动,夹紧气缸使卷轴夹取组件抓紧布料卷轴两端,夹住布料卷轴,并通过电机进行复位,完成取布料卷轴的工作,然后,静电消除装置离子风棒释放电流,产生电离子,实现除静电的目的。
本发明可通过自动取布机构实现自动取布,减少了人工取布的时间,且本案的切布机采用了布料导引机构配合切割机构来实现切布的目的,降低了现有切布机需先铺布再裁剪最后卷布而占用的面积和时间问题,切布和剩余布的回收可以同时完成,提高了效率。
附图说明
图1是本发明所实施的结构示意图。
图2是本发明所实施自动取布机构的结构示意图。
图3是本发明所实施自动取布机构与立柱连接的结构示意图。
图4是图2中A部分的局部放大图。
图5是本发明所实施自动取布机构无支撑板时的局部结构示意图。
图6是图5所示B部分的局部放大图。
图7是本发明所实施布料导引机构的结构示意图。
图8是本发明所实施布料导引机构的侧视图。
图9是图3中C部分的局部放大图。
图10是本发明所实施切割机构的结构示意图。
图11是图10中D部分的局部放大图。
具体实施方式
为了使本发明的目的、技术方案及优点更加清楚明白,以下结合附图及实施例,对本发明进行进一步详细说明。应当理解,此处所描述的具体实施例仅仅用以解释本发明,并不用于限定本发明。
请参照图1所示,为本发明实现的自动切布机,图中所示,该切布机包括有立柱1、自动取布机构2、布料导引机构4及切割机构5,其中,所述自动取布机构2、布料导引机构4、切割机构5均设置于立柱1上,且呈上下分布,所述自动取布机构2设置于布料导引机构4的上部,布料导引机构4中设置有切割机构5,自动取布机构2夹取布料卷轴后,布料通过布料导引机构4张紧,切割机构5对布料进行切割,从而实现自动取布、裁切、剩余布料放回的控制操作,自动化的过程减少了人工取布的时间,提高了效率;且上下分布的结构设置减小了切布机的占用空间,占地面积小。
结合图2-图6所示,自动取布机构2主要包括有两个侧支架21、水平支架22、夹轴支架23、卷轴电机28、卷轴传动轴292、卷轴夹具29及卷轴支撑件27,其中,侧支架21的底部设置有水平支架22,水平支架22用以固定连接于立柱1,侧支架21通过水平支架22设置于立柱1上。侧支架21具有两个,对称设置,且两个侧支架21平行设置,每个侧支架21均上设置有卷轴支撑件27,卷轴电机28、卷轴传动轴292及卷轴夹具29对布料卷轴进行夹紧,拿取及放置布料卷轴,侧支架21的上方设置有卷轴支撑件27,所述卷轴支撑件27用于 放置布料卷轴3,以便于卷放布料,对布料进行裁切。
具体地说,侧支架21为板状结构,其上设置有皮带轮211,皮带轮211上支撑有侧支架传动带212,侧支架传动带212上固定有卷轴支撑件27,通过侧支架传动带212带动卷轴支撑件27,以使卷轴支撑件能够在适当的位置有效地支撑布料卷轴。
卷轴支撑件27为U型结构,以使布料卷轴得以稳固地安置于卷轴支撑件内。
两个侧支架21之间设置有支撑板24,用以对两个侧支架21进行支撑及间隔。
卷轴电机28、卷轴传动轴292及卷轴夹具29均设置在夹轴支架23上,夹轴支架23位于侧支架21的外侧,并与侧支架21固定在一起,所述卷轴电机连接有卷轴传动轴,卷轴传动轴的连接于卷轴夹具,卷轴电机通过卷轴传动轴带动卷轴夹具夹取布料卷轴。
卷轴电机28通过传动带连接于卷轴传动轴292,传动轴292的一侧连接有夹紧气缸291,传动轴292的另一侧连接卷轴夹具架294,卷轴夹具架294上固定安装有卷轴夹具29;卷轴夹具29向内伸出,两个侧支架21的上对称设置有两个卷轴夹具29,由此使两个对称分布的卷轴夹具29得以稳定地夹持布料卷轴。卷轴夹具架294的下部设置有传动轨293,夹紧气缸291可以推动传动轴292带动卷轴夹具架294沿着传动轨293前后运动,便于卷轴夹具29夹持布料卷轴。
图中所示,为了稳固地夹持布料卷轴,卷轴夹具29为三爪夹具,即卷轴夹具具有三个向内伸出的夹爪,三个夹爪均匀设置于一个圆的边缘,形成稳定的夹持作用。
侧支架21的底部安装有导轨25,且在导轨25的对应位置上,水平支架22上具有轨道26,导轨25对应于轨道26设置,以使侧支架21能够沿着轨道26进行前后运动,便于夹取及放置布料卷轴。
再结合图5、图6所示,支撑板24的底部一侧装设有水平电机251,水平电机251连接有传动轴252,传动轴252的两侧穿系于转动齿轮253上,而转动齿轮253则与导轨25咬合在一起。具体地说,支撑板24的下部设置有两个平行设置的水平支撑板241,水平支撑板241之间固定有连接板242,连接板242位于水平支撑板241的两侧,连接板242的下方支撑有传动轴252,而水平电机251则固定于一个水平支撑板241的上方,传动轴252的端部穿设于转动齿轮253,导轨25的底部具有齿纹。可以通过水平电机251带动传动轴252转动,传动轴252带动转动齿轮253,转动齿轮253再带动导轨25产生位移,由此,控制侧支架21和卷轴支撑件27进行前后运动,以夹取及放置布料卷轴,从而达到取出或放回布料的效果。
在其中一个水平支撑板241的中部,固定有测长仪7,侧长仪7结合量布的对射光电开关6(固定于侧支架21的外侧),对射光电开关检测到布料进入卷布轴内部开始计时,当布料的一端进入下端卷布轴固定长度后结束计时,侧长仪7就可以计算出卷布的长度。
在侧支架21的外侧设置有对射光电开关6,该对射光电开关6成对设置,并固定在水平支架22上,用以检测布料卷轴的位置,控制准确取布或放回布料。
立柱1的侧壁上具有立柱导轨11,立柱导轨11中设置有导引架13,导引架13连接有电缆线拖链12,导引架13与夹轴支架23固定在一起,由此,可以通过电缆线拖链和导引架13带动侧支架21及卷轴夹具29等沿着立柱1进行上下位移,以能够调整卷轴夹具29的高度,夹取布料卷轴。
结合图7-图9所示,布料导引机构4包括有复数个压辊44、45,其中,压辊44、45分别具有两个,安装在压辊支架43上,分布在布料的两侧。
布料导引机构4还包括有固定架41、托辊42,固定架41用以将托辊42固定在立柱1上,且托辊42位于压辊44的上方,并连接于推动气缸421,通过推送气缸421推动托辊42,使布料的下垂方向在布料卷3的正下方。
托辊42的下方还设置有导板46,该导板46倾斜于布料设置,用于导引布 料的下行,并使布料处于平整的张紧状态。导板46的下方设置有侧板47,侧板47用以使布料保持平整,避免布料的卷曲。
压辊支架43通过导引架48固定在立柱1上,导引架48固定在立柱1的侧面,且导引架48其向压辊支架伸出有连接部481,连接部481上具有滑块482,滑块482上设有导引轨483,导引轨483的前端固定与压辊支架43的连接架431上,连接架431垂直于压辊支架43向外伸出,以便于与导引轨483的前端固定在一起。同时,导引轨483连接有压辊气缸484,通过压辊气缸484推动导引轨483移动,从而使压辊44和45能够进行适当的位移,以张紧布料。
如图10、11所示,切割机构5固定于立柱1上,切割机构5包括有切割支架52、前后移动电机53、移动支架51、切刀拖链58、切刀支架54、刀架56及切刀57,所述切割支架52的两端固定于立柱1上,切割支架52的内侧设置有移动支架51,移动支架51上具有切刀拖链58,切刀拖链58连接于切刀支架54,切刀支架54连接于刀架56,刀架56则悬挂有切刀57,通过切刀拖链58能带动切刀前后移动,以对布料进行切割。
切割支架52的前部还设置有切刀压板59,以压紧布料,便于切割。
切刀支架54的外侧固定有收刀架55,收刀架前端连接于刀架56,收刀架55的前端为伸缩端552,收刀架55的外侧设置有收刀气缸551,刀架56通过刀架轴561偏心连接于切刀支架54的前端;工作时,收刀气缸551使伸缩端552前后移动,顶持刀架56,由于刀架轴561偏心连接于切刀支架54,而切刀57悬挂于切刀支架53的前端,当伸缩端552向前伸出时,则使切刀支架56带动切刀57向内移动,切刀压板59压紧布料,从而使切刀57可以对布料进行切割;切割完成后,伸缩端552向后收缩,则使切刀支架56带动切刀57向外移动,离开布料,完成切割动作。
通常情况下,切刀57为水平设置的圆形刀具,其连接有步进电机,通过步进电机带动切刀旋转,从而快速切割布料,避免原有切刀带来布料部分切断现象。
在刀架56的前端还设置有导引件562,以对切刀57进行保护。
在自动取布机构对应于布料的部位,还设置有离子风棒,离子风棒呈横向水平设置于自动取布机构的下部,以消除布料的静电。
当布料卷到设定的长度时,布料导引机构拉紧布匹,切割机构启动,切刀接收到切割指令并高速旋转,开始裁布,直至布料裁断后,对射开关接收到裁刀完成的信息,并将信息发送至控制器,完成对布料的裁切。
裁切完成后,上端卷轴在卷轴夹取组件的控制下回卷剩余布料,下层的卷轴也在卷轴夹取组件的控制下继续旋转三圈以保证下端的布匹卷去完整,上端卷布轴卷取裁切后的剩余布料,将剩余布料送回货架,以此完成布匹的自动取用、量布、裁切,剩余布匹的回放。
本发明的优点还在于可实现双方向取布的目的,面料仓储布料货架一排排并行分布,自动取布机构可在每一排货架间运动取料。当需取某种面料的时候,自动取布机构到指定位置,然后完成取布、裁布等动作。卷轴夹取组件可以进行两个方向的布料取用动作,然后进行切布。自动取布机构实现了卷轴夹取组件在运动轨道两侧货架上均可取布料的功能。卷轴夹取组件改变了原有取布运动平台的设计,在卷轴夹取组件上直接取布匹,通过自动取布机构,传送到裁布位置进行裁布,实现了两侧布料能够裁取的功能。
新增添的布料导引机构,一方面让布料按照一定的方向向下运动,有效利用切布机的上下空间,减小体积,另一方面使布料涨紧,方便对布料裁切。
同时在切刀结构方面,电动机带动旋转的切刀与切刀压板一起组成切刀装置,利用剪刀叉原理完成裁切,避免出现布料部分切断现象。
以上所述仅为本发明的较佳实施例而已,并不用以限制本发明,凡在本发明的精神和原则之内所作的任何修改、等同替换和改进等,均应包含在本发明的保护范围之内。

Claims (20)

  1. 一种自动切布机,其特征在于该切布机包括有立柱、自动取布机构、布料导引机构、切割机构,所述自动取布机构、布料导引机构、切割机构均设置于立柱上,呈上下分布,所述自动取布机构设置于布料导引机构的上部,布料导引机构中设置有切割机构,自动取布机构夹取布料卷轴后,布料通过布料导引机构张紧,切割机构对布料进行切割。
  2. 如权利要求1所述的自动切布机,其特征在于所述自动取布机构包括有两个侧支架、卷轴夹取组件及卷轴支撑件,侧支架的底部设置有水平支架,水平支架固定连接于立柱,所述侧支架通过水平支架设置于立柱上,且两个侧支架平行设置,每个侧支架均上设置有卷轴夹取组件,以对布料卷轴进行夹紧,便于拿取及放置布料卷轴,侧支架的上方设置有卷轴支撑件,所述卷轴支撑件用于放置布料卷轴,以便于卷放布料,对布料进行裁切。
  3. 如权利要求2所述的自动切布机,其特征在于所述侧支架为板状结构,其上设置有皮带轮,所述皮带轮上支撑有侧支架传动带,侧支架传动带上固定有卷轴支撑件。
  4. 如权利要求3所述的自动切布机,其特征在于所述卷轴支撑件为U型结构,以使布料卷轴得以稳固地安置于卷轴支撑件内。
  5. 如权利要求2所述的自动切布机,其特征在于所述卷轴夹取组件,包括有卷轴电机、卷轴传动轴及卷轴夹具,所述卷轴电机连接有卷轴传动轴,卷轴传动轴的连接于卷轴夹具,卷轴电机通过卷轴传动轴带动卷轴夹具夹取布料卷轴。
  6. 如权利要求5所述的自动切布机,其特征在于所述卷轴夹取组件固定于夹轴支架上,所述夹轴支架固定于侧支架的外侧,所述卷轴夹具向内伸出,两个侧支架的上对称设置有两个卷轴夹取组件。
  7. 如权利要求6所述的自动切布机,其特征在于所述卷轴传动轴的外侧连接有夹紧气缸,卷轴夹具的下部设置有传动轨,夹紧气缸可以推动卷轴传动轴 带动卷轴夹具沿着传动轨前后运动。
  8. 如权利要求7所述的自动切布机,其特征在于所述卷轴夹具具有三个向内伸出的夹爪,三个夹爪均匀设置于一个圆的边缘。
  9. 如权利要求2所述的自动切布机,其特征在于所述侧支架的底部设置有导轨,且所述水平支架上具有轨道,所述导轨对应于轨道设置,以使侧支架能够沿着轨道进行前后运动。
  10. 如权利要求9所述的自动切布机,其特征在于所述两个侧支架之间设置有支撑板,用以对两个侧支架进行支撑及间隔。
  11. 如权利要求10所述的自动切布机,其特征在于所述支撑板支撑板的下部设置有两个平行设置的水平支撑板,水平支撑板之间固定有连接板,连接板位于水平支撑板的两侧,连接板的下方支撑有传动轴,而水平电机则固定于一个水平支撑板的上方,传动轴的端部穿设于转动齿轮,导轨的底部具有齿纹。
  12. 如权利要求11所述的自动切布机,其特征在于在其中一个水平支撑板的中部,固定有测长仪,侧长仪结合量布的对射光电开关,对射光电开关固定于侧支架的外侧,对射光电开关检测到布料进入卷布轴内部开始计时,当布料的一端进入下端卷布轴固定长度后结束计时,侧长仪就可以计算出卷布的长度。
  13. 如权利要求1所述的自动切布机,其特征在于所述布料导引机构包括有复数个压辊,其中,所述复数个压辊分别在布料的两侧,使布料处于张紧状态。
  14. 如权利要求13所述的自动切布机,其特征在于布料导引机构还包括有托辊,所述托辊位于所述复数个压辊的上方,并连接于推动气缸,通过推送气缸推动托辊,使布料的下垂方向在布料卷的正下方。
  15. 如权利要求14所述的自动切布机,其特征在于所述托辊的下方还设置有导板,所述导板倾斜设置,用于导引布料的下行。
  16. 如权利要求14所述的自动切布机,其特征在于所述复数个压辊,设置于压辊支架上,所述压辊支架通过导引架固定在立柱上,导引架固定在立柱的 侧面,且所述导引架,其具有滑块,所述滑块上导引轨,导引轨的前端固定与压辊支架上,所述导引轨连接有压辊气缸,通过压辊气缸推动导引轨移动,从而使压辊能够进行适当的位移,以张紧布料。
  17. 如权利要求1所述的自动切布机,其特征在于所述切割机构固定于立柱上,切割机构包括有切割支架、前后移动电机、移动支架、切刀拖链、切刀支架、刀架及切刀,所述切割支架的两端固定于立柱上,切割支架的内侧设置有移动支架,移动支架上具有切刀拖链,切刀拖链连接于切刀支架,切刀支架连接于刀架,刀架则悬挂有切刀,通过切刀拖链能带动切刀前后移动,以对布料进行切割。
  18. 如权利要求17所述的自动切布机,其特征在于所述切割支架的前部还设置有切刀压板,以压紧布料。
  19. 如权利要求18所述的自动切布机,其特征在于所述切刀支架的外侧固定有收刀架,收刀架前端连接于刀架,收刀架的前端为伸缩端,收刀架的外侧设置有收刀气缸,刀架通过刀架轴偏心连接于切刀支架的前端。
  20. 如权利要求17所述的自动切布机,其特征在于所述切刀,为水平设置的圆盘状刀具,其连接有步进电机,通过步进电机带动切刀旋转,从而快速切割布料,避免原有切刀带来布料部分切断现象。
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