US988111A - Oil-burner. - Google Patents

Oil-burner. Download PDF

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Publication number
US988111A
US988111A US53322409A US1909533224A US988111A US 988111 A US988111 A US 988111A US 53322409 A US53322409 A US 53322409A US 1909533224 A US1909533224 A US 1909533224A US 988111 A US988111 A US 988111A
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Prior art keywords
oil
box
burner
tubular member
sink
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Expired - Lifetime
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US53322409A
Inventor
Ernest L Kendall
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Ernest L Kendall
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Application filed by Ernest L Kendall filed Critical Ernest L Kendall
Priority to US53322409A priority Critical patent/US988111A/en
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Publication of US988111A publication Critical patent/US988111A/en
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Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23DBURNERS
    • F23D11/00Burners using a direct spraying action of liquid droplets or vaporised liquid into the combustion space
    • F23D11/36Details, e.g. burner cooling means, noise reduction means
    • F23D11/44Preheating devices; Vaporising devices

Description

E. L; KENDALL, I, OIL'BURNEB. APPLICATION FILED DBO.15, 1999.
988,1 1 1'. Patented Mar. 28, 1911.
1 If 2 5 I I z ZIZIZI'ZIZIQI71 2' 7 OFFICE.
ERNEST L. KENDALL, F RINGGOLD, TEXAS.
OIL-BURNER.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, ERNEST L. KENDALL, a citizen of the United States of America, residing at Ringgold, in the county of Montague and State of Texas, have invented new and useful Improvements in Oil-Burners, of which the following is a specification.
This invention relates to oil burning at tachinents for cook stoves and the like, and it has for its objects to construct a device of this class which possesses superior advantages in point of simplicity, durability and general efliciency.
lVith these and other ends in view which will readily appear as the nature of the invention is better understood, the same consists in the improved construction and novel arrangement and combination of parts which will be hereinafter fully described and particularly pointed out in the claims.
In the accompanying drawing has been illustrated a simple and preferred form of the invention, it being, however, understood that no limitation is necessarily made to the precise structural details therein exhibited, but that changes, alterations and modifications within the scope of the invention may be resorted to when desired.
In the drawing,Figure 1 is a sectional detail view, showing a portion of a cook stove and showing the improved oil burner supported upon the grate of the same. Fig. 2 is a top plan view, showing a portion of a cook stove equipped with the improved device. Fig. 3 is a perspective View, showing the body of the improved oil burner. Fig. 1 is a perspective view, showing a grated cover used in connection therewith.
Corresponding part-s in the several figures are denoted by like characters of reference.
The body of the improved oil burner consists of a box 5 made preferably of cast iron, said box or casting being provided with a tubular member 6 extending upwardly from the upper edge of the front wall 7 thereof; said front wall being also provided with an upwardly extending shield or apron 8. The front wall 7 is provided with an aperture 9 communicating with the lower end of the bore 10 of the tubular member 6, and in the bottom 11 adjacent to the aperture 9 is formed a sink or depression 12 communicating with a plurality of grooves 13 formed in the bottom member 11 and radiating in various directions from said sink. The upper extremity of the tubular member 6 sup- Specification of Letters Patent.
Application filed December 15, 1909.
Patented Mar. 28, 1911.
Serial No. 533,224.
ports one end of a tube or duct 14:, the other end of which is connected with a fuel container or tank 15 from which the liquid fuel may be fed by gravity to the burner, the supply being regulated by means of a suitable valve 16.
A massive cover 17 of cast iron or other suitable material is provided for the burner box 5, said cover being provided with a notch 18 for the accommodation of the tubular member 6 and with a plurality of slots 19 so that said cover will constitute a grate, as will be readily understood. The front wall of the tubular member 6 is provided with a downwardly inclined aperture 20 forming an air inlet.
In practice the burner box is supported upon the grate G of an ordinary cook stove, a port-ion of which has been shown at S, the tubular member 6 extending upwardly through the top plate of the stove, one of the lids of which, L, may be provided with a notch N for the passage of said member. Crude oil or other suitable liquid fuel is admitted to the sink or depression 12 in which asbestos wool or other suitable refractory absorbent material may be placed to facilitate the ignition of the charge. It will be observed that the sink 12, together with the grooves 13, will accommodate an ample charge of fuel to start the device, a sufiicient quantity of fuel being permitted to enter the sink until the grooves 13 have become filled, and the oil is permitted to very slightly overflow the bottom of the box which will thus be covered with a thin film of oil that will .be very easily ignited, thus speedily generating an intense heat and enabling the oil supply to be quickly opened without replenishing the supply. As soon as the box 5 and the grated cover become heated, the oil fed into the box will become vaporized and the vapor thus formed will become mixed with air entering the heated tube through the aperture 20, thus forming a highly inflammable and combustible gas which will burn brightly without emitting smoke.
Soot deposited upon the grated cover at the time of the original ignition may be removed from time to time by removing the cover. Air to support combustion may be admitted in. the usual manner from below the grate G, the burner box being sufliciently spaced from the walls of the fire box to form suitable air passages; and the products dual of combustion are carried oft through the tines ot' the stove in the usual manner. The apron 8 will protect the fire box of the stove or furnace from damage by overheating.
Having thus described the invention, what is claimed as new, is
1. An oil burner consisting of a box, the bottom of which is provided with a recess forming a sink and with grooves radiating therefrom, one wail of said box being provided with an upstanding tubular member, the bore of which communicates through an aperture with the sink.
2. An oil. burner consisting of a box, the bottom of which is provided with a recess forming a sink and with grooves radiating therefrom, one wail of said box being provided with an upstanding tubular member the bore of which communicates through an aperture with the sink, in combination with a slotted cover having a notch to accommodate the upstanding tubular member.
3. An oil burner consisting of a box, the bottom of which is provided with a recess forming a sink and with grooves radiating therefrom, one wall of said box being provided with an upstanding tubular member, the bore of which connnunicates through an aperture with the sink, said tubular member having also an air inlet communicating with the bore thereof, in combination with a slotted cover having a notch to accommodate the upstanding tubular member.
In testimony whereof I a'fiix my signature in presence of two witnesses.
ERNEST L. KENDALL.
Witnesses M. MOCALL, L. F. ALBY.
{Zoptes of this patent may be obtained for five cents each, by addressing the Commissioner of Patents. Washington, D. C.
US53322409A 1909-12-15 1909-12-15 Oil-burner. Expired - Lifetime US988111A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

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US53322409A US988111A (en) 1909-12-15 1909-12-15 Oil-burner.

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

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US53322409A US988111A (en) 1909-12-15 1909-12-15 Oil-burner.

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