US1005965A - Vapor-burner. - Google Patents

Vapor-burner. Download PDF

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Publication number
US1005965A
US1005965A US61268111A US1911612681A US1005965A US 1005965 A US1005965 A US 1005965A US 61268111 A US61268111 A US 61268111A US 1911612681 A US1911612681 A US 1911612681A US 1005965 A US1005965 A US 1005965A
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Prior art keywords
casing
burner
vapor
vaporizing chamber
fuel
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US61268111A
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Walter A Hare
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Individual
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23DBURNERS
    • F23D11/00Burners using a direct spraying action of liquid droplets or vaporised liquid into the combustion space
    • F23D11/36Details, e.g. burner cooling means, noise reduction means
    • F23D11/44Preheating devices; Vaporising devices

Definitions

  • This invention relates to burners utilizing hydro-carbon fuel, the object of the inven' tion being to provide improved means whereby oil, supplied to the burner, will be quickly and thoroughly vaporized before reaching the point of consumption, there being an arrangement of orifices through which the flames are free to escape and thus envelop the vaporizer.
  • Another object is to provide improved means for supplying air to the combustible vapor where it is discharged from the burner. 7
  • Another object is to provide a burn-er which is of compact construction and can be readily placed within a stove or burner and thus used in lieu of coal or similar fuel.
  • FIG. 1 is a perspective view of the burner.
  • Fig. 2 is a central vertical section therethrough.
  • Fig. 3 is a section on line AB Fig. 2.
  • Fig. 4 is a section on line C-D Fig. 3.
  • FIG. 1 designates a substantially cylindrical casing having hangers 2 supporting a tray 3.
  • the upper portion of the casing 1 is thickened, as indicated at 4 and has a passage 5 therein intersected by a partition 6.
  • a feed pipe 7 opens into this passage at one side of the partition and is provided with a controlling valve 8.
  • An outlet pipe 9 communicates with the passage at the other side of the partition and eX- tends downwardly from the thickened portion of the casing and overhangs the tray 3, said pipe 9 terminating in a burner head 10 located within the lower portion of the casing 1 at the center thereof.
  • a series of outlet slots 14 is formed within the casing 1 at points between the burner head 10 and the thickened portion 4, these slots consti tuting outlets through which'fiames are free to pass.
  • An annular spreading flange 11 surrounds the casing at the upper ends of the slots or outlets 14:.
  • An annular rib 15 is formed on the lower portion of the casing'l and said casing is adapted to be inserted into an opening 16 formed within a supporting plate 17 rib-15 bearing downwardly on the plate so as to limit the downward movement of the burner relative to said plate.
  • the plate may be mounted within a stove or furnace in :any
  • Valve 8 is opened and oil permitted to flow into the passage 5 which constitutes the vaporizing chamber of the burner.
  • the burning oil contained in the tray 3 heats the vaporizer 4 so that the oil within the passage 5 is vaporized, and the vapor is thus free to escape by way of the pipe 9 to the head 10.
  • It here becomes ignited the vapor mixing thoroughly with air admitted to the interior of casing 1 from between the pan or tray 3 and the lower end of the casing.
  • the flames thus produced will completely envelop the vaporizing chamber, some of the flames escaping through the slots 14: and being spread by flange 11, while other portions of the flame escape upwardly through the center of the casing. Complete vaporization of the fuel is thus assured and practically perfect combustion obtained.
  • the device is very compact in construction, cheap to manufacture, and will not readily get out of order.
  • burner has been shown substan tially cylindrical it is to be understood that it can be made any shape desired to fit the fire boxes of ranges, furnaces and the like.
  • a hydro-carbon burner including a casing having outlets in the walls thereof, an annular vaporizing chamber within the upper portion of the casing, a partition intersect-ing said chamber, means for directing liquid fuel into the chamber at one side of the partition, means for conveying vaporized fuel from the chamber at the other side of the partition, a burner head connected to said vapor conducting means and supported within the lower portion of the easing, and deflecting means carried by said casing.
  • a hydro -carbon burner including a supporting plate having an aperture, a casing insertible into the aperture, an oil tray suspended from the casing and below the plate, means on said casing and bearing on the plate for holding said casing in a predetermined position relative to the plate, a vaporizing chamber Within the top of the casing, means for directing fuel into the vaporing chamber, a burner head, means for conducting fuel from said vaporizing chamber to the burner head, and means within the vaporizing chamber for compelling a circulation of fuel throughout the length of the vaporizing chamber.
  • a hydro-carbon burner including a supporting plate having an aperture, a casing insert-ible into the aperture, an oil tray suspended from the casing and below the plate, means on said casing and bearing on the plate for holding said casing in a predetermined position relative to the plate, a vaporizing chamber within the top of the casing, means for directing fuel into the vaporizing chamber, a burner head, means for conducting fuel from said vaporizing chamber to the burner head, means within the vaporizing chamber for compelling a circulation of fuel throughout the length of the vaporizing chamber, and a spreading flange extending around the vaporizing chamber.
  • a hydro-carbon burner including a casing, a vaporizing chamber in the top thereof, there being outlets within the wall of the WALTER A. HARE.

Description

W. A. HARE.
VAPOR BURNER.
APPLICATION FILED mum, 1911.
1,005,965; Patented Oct. 17,1911.
2 SHEETS-SHEET 1.
Attorneys Witnesses nventor COLUMBIA PLANO'GRAPII cu..wASmNa'roN, I). c.
w. A. HARE. VAPOR BURNER.
APPLICATION FILED MAB. 6, 1911.
1,005,965, Patented Oct. 17, 1911.
2 SHEETS-SHEET 2.
Witnesses ventor Attorneys W-.ALTER A. HARE, OFINDEPENDENCE, MISSOURI.
VAPOR-BURNER.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Application filed March 6, 1911.
Patented Oct. 17, 1911.
Serial No. 612,681.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, WALTER A. HARE, a citizen of the United States, residing at Independence, in the county of Jackson and State of Missouri, have invented a new and useful Vapor-Burner, of which the following is a specification.
This invention relates to burners utilizing hydro-carbon fuel, the object of the inven' tion being to provide improved means whereby oil, supplied to the burner, will be quickly and thoroughly vaporized before reaching the point of consumption, there being an arrangement of orifices through which the flames are free to escape and thus envelop the vaporizer.
Another object is to provide improved means for supplying air to the combustible vapor where it is discharged from the burner. 7
Another object is to provide a burn-er which is of compact construction and can be readily placed within a stove or burner and thus used in lieu of coal or similar fuel.
WVith the foregoing and other objects in view, the invention consists in the combination and arrangement of parts and in the details of construction hereinafter described and claimed, it being understood that changes in the precise embodiment of invention herein disclosed can be made within the scope of what is claimed without departing from the spirit of the invention.
In the accompanying drawings, the preferred form of the invention has been shown.
In said drawings :-Figure 1 is a perspective view of the burner. Fig. 2 is a central vertical section therethrough. Fig. 3 is a section on line AB Fig. 2. Fig. 4 is a section on line C-D Fig. 3.
Referring to the figures by characters of reference 1 designates a substantially cylindrical casing having hangers 2 supporting a tray 3. The upper portion of the casing 1 is thickened, as indicated at 4 and has a passage 5 therein intersected by a partition 6. A feed pipe 7 opens into this passage at one side of the partition and is provided with a controlling valve 8. An outlet pipe 9 communicates with the passage at the other side of the partition and eX- tends downwardly from the thickened portion of the casing and overhangs the tray 3, said pipe 9 terminating in a burner head 10 located within the lower portion of the casing 1 at the center thereof. A series of outlet slots 14 is formed within the casing 1 at points between the burner head 10 and the thickened portion 4, these slots consti tuting outlets through which'fiames are free to pass. An annular spreading flange 11 surrounds the casing at the upper ends of the slots or outlets 14:.
An annular rib 15 is formed on the lower portion of the casing'l and said casing is adapted to be inserted into an opening 16 formed within a supporting plate 17 rib-15 bearing downwardly on the plate so as to limit the downward movement of the burner relative to said plate. The plate may be mounted within a stove or furnace in :any
manner desired, and after being properly suitable supply tank. Valve 8 is opened and oil permitted to flow into the passage 5 which constitutes the vaporizing chamber of the burner. The burning oil contained in the tray 3 heats the vaporizer 4 so that the oil within the passage 5 is vaporized, and the vapor is thus free to escape by way of the pipe 9 to the head 10. It here becomes ignited, the vapor mixing thoroughly with air admitted to the interior of casing 1 from between the pan or tray 3 and the lower end of the casing. The flames thus produced will completely envelop the vaporizing chamber, some of the flames escaping through the slots 14: and being spread by flange 11, while other portions of the flame escape upwardly through the center of the casing. Complete vaporization of the fuel is thus assured and practically perfect combustion obtained.
It will be seen that the device is very compact in construction, cheap to manufacture, and will not readily get out of order.
While the burner has been shown substan tially cylindrical it is to be understood that it can be made any shape desired to fit the fire boxes of ranges, furnaces and the like.
WVhat is claimed is 1. A hydro-carbon burner including a casing having outlets in the walls thereof, an annular vaporizing chamber within the upper portion of the casing, a partition intersect-ing said chamber, means for directing liquid fuel into the chamber at one side of the partition, means for conveying vaporized fuel from the chamber at the other side of the partition, a burner head connected to said vapor conducting means and supported within the lower portion of the easing, and deflecting means carried by said casing.
2. A hydro -carbon burner including a supporting plate having an aperture, a casing insertible into the aperture, an oil tray suspended from the casing and below the plate, means on said casing and bearing on the plate for holding said casing in a predetermined position relative to the plate, a vaporizing chamber Within the top of the casing, means for directing fuel into the vaporing chamber, a burner head, means for conducting fuel from said vaporizing chamber to the burner head, and means within the vaporizing chamber for compelling a circulation of fuel throughout the length of the vaporizing chamber.
3. A hydro-carbon burner including a supporting plate having an aperture, a casing insert-ible into the aperture, an oil tray suspended from the casing and below the plate, means on said casing and bearing on the plate for holding said casing in a predetermined position relative to the plate, a vaporizing chamber within the top of the casing, means for directing fuel into the vaporizing chamber, a burner head, means for conducting fuel from said vaporizing chamber to the burner head, means within the vaporizing chamber for compelling a circulation of fuel throughout the length of the vaporizing chamber, and a spreading flange extending around the vaporizing chamber.
4. A hydro-carbon burner including a casing, a vaporizing chamber in the top thereof, there being outlets within the wall of the WALTER A. HARE.
Witnesses:
CHARLES F. HARE, PHIDEL BALDWIN.
Copies of this patent may be obtained for five cents each, by addressing the =.-Commissioner of Patents,
US61268111A 1911-03-06 1911-03-06 Vapor-burner. Expired - Lifetime US1005965A (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
USRE33122E (en) * 1977-03-17 1989-12-05 Mobil Oil Corporation Apparatus for loading bags

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
USRE33122E (en) * 1977-03-17 1989-12-05 Mobil Oil Corporation Apparatus for loading bags

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